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Full text of "Shakespeare's Ovid : being Arthur Golding's translation of the Metamorphoses"












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Of this Edition of Shakespeare's Ovid 350 Copies were 
printed on Hand-made paper and 12 on Real Vellum: of 
which 300 on Hand-made Paper and 10 on Real Vellum are 
for sale in England. 

No $08 



SHAKESPEARE'S OVID 
BEING ARTHUR GOLD- 
ING'S TRANSLATION 
OF THE METAMOR- 
PHOSES EDITED BY 
W. H. D. ROUSE, LITT.D. 



LONDON 

AT THE DE LA MORE PRESS 

1904 



The. xv. Bookes 

of P. Ouidius Naso, entytuled 

Metamorphosis, translated oute of 

Latin into Snglish meeter, by Ar- 
thur Golding Gentleman, 

A worke very pleasaunt 
and delegable. 



With skill, heede, and judgement, this worke must be read, 
For else to the Reader it standes in small stead. 




Imprynted at London, by 
Willy am Seres. 



" As the soule of Euphorbus was thought to live in Pythagoras, 
so the witty soule of Ovid lives in mellifluous and honey-tongued 
Shakespeare." Francis Meres, 1578. 

" Ovidius Naso was the man ; and why indeed Naso, but for 
smelling out the odoriferous flowers of fancy, the jerks of invention." 
Loves Labours Lost. 



CONTENTS 



PAGE 



The Epistle 


- 


- 


i 


The Preface (too the Reader) 


- 


I S 


The First Booke of Ovids Metamorphosis - 


21 


The Seconde Booke 


- 


- 


41 


The Third Booke 


- 


- 


" 63 


The Fourth Booke 


- 


- 


82 


The Fyft Booke - 


- 


- 


I02 


The Sixt Booke - 


- 


- 


- II 9 


The Seventh Booke 


- 


- 


" 137 


The Eight Booke 


- 


- 


160 


The Ninth Booke 


- 


- 


- l82 


The Tenth Booke 


- 


- 


20I 


The Eleventh Booke 


- 


- 


- 219 


The Twelfth Booke 


- 


- 


" 238 


The Thirteenth Booke 


- 


- 


" 252 


The Fourteenth Booke 


- 


- 


" 275 


The Fifteenth Booke 


- 


- 


- 295 



INTRODUCTION 



SHAKESPEARE AND OVID. Amongst the direct sources of Shakes- 
peare's works, after North's Plutarch and Holinshed, probably the most important 
was Ovid. The Fasti, the Heroides, and the Metamorphoses were just such works as 
would be most likely to impress a young mind ; and Shakespeare's early ambition 
seems to have been to be the English Ovid, whilst accident made him a dramatist. 
Thus in his Lucrece and his Venus and Adonis he directly challenges comparison. 
His themes are of the same romantic and imaginative stuff; his method the same 
rich and picturesque description ; and the motto upon the title of the Venus and 
Adonis shows that he took the attempt seriously. In this respect he judged truly 
of his powers, although he enormously underestimated them. Other dramatists 
have pourtrayed the doings and the fate of men so as to move our souls ; but no 
other has taken us into fairy land, and made imps and fays live before us as 
Shakespeare has done. Ben Jonson and Middleton have done something for 
demons and witches ; Goethe has realized a devil ; but with Shakespeare alone 
the world of faery seems to be real and reasonable as flesh and blood. 

Professor T. S. Baynes has shown by a detailed examination, that Shakes- 
peare k:.ew the grammar-school course. 1 In Holofernes, the poet represents the 
pedantic teaching which might have been heard in many a country schoolroom ; 
and shows his familiarity with the various methods of instruction then in vogue, 
the technical terms of rhetoric, and the favourite authors. There are besides 
many references and allusions in Shakespeare to the classical authors, which 
in part may, but need not be due to floating knowledge. In particular, it is 
clear that he knew Ovid in the original. On the title page of Venus and Adonis, 
one of the three works which he published himself under his own name, he 
places the following motto taken from the Amores (I. XV. 35-6), which was not 
yet translated into English : 

Vilia miretur vulgus : mihi flavus Apollo 
pocula Castalia plena ministret aqua. 

He makes two quotations from the Heroides, and one from the Metamorphoses? 
The selection of Titania as the name of his Fairy Queen seems to be due to the 
text of the Metamorphoses, where it frequently occurs as an epithet of various 
goddesses, such as Diana, Latona, Circe, Hecate. 3 The name does not occur in 
Golding's translation, where it is always paraphrased ; and it happily sums up the 
magical and mystic associations of mythology. A large number of tales and 
episodes found in Ovid are referred to or used by Shakespeare, especially in 
his earlier plays. In Titus Andronicus, for instance, the treatment of Lavinia is 
borrowed from the "tragic tale of Philomel." 4 To enter now upon detailed 
examination of his allusions would be out of place. 



1 T. S. Baynes, Shakespeare Studies (Longman, Green & Co., 1896) 178 ff. His essay on What 
Shakespeare Learnt at School occupies a large part of the volume. The latest researches on the subject 
are summed up and supplemented by H. R. D. Anders, Shakespeare's Books: A Dissertation 
on Shakespeare's Reading and the Immediate sources of his Works (Berlin: Reimer, 1904), Schriften der 
Deutschen Shakespeare-Gesellschaft Bd. I. 

2 Her. i., 33-4 in Taming of the Shrew iii., 1. 28 ; Her. ii. 66 in 3; Hen. VI., i., 3. 48 ; Met. i. 
150 in Tit Andr, VI., 3. 4; Anders, p. 21. 

3 Baynes, p. 210. 

4 Baynes, p. 216. For details of Shakespeare's debt to Ovid, and the classical writers generally, 
see Baynes 223 fF., and Anders 24 fF., who introduces one or two new points. 



THE BODLEIAN OVID. There is however another piece of evidence 
which deserves to be mentioned. In the Bodleian library is a copy of Ovid's 
Metamorphoses, printed by Aldus in 1 502, which bears on the title page the signature 
Wm. Shr.,' and opposite is written in what appears to be a seventeenth century 
hand : * This little Booke of Ovid was giuen to me by W. Hall who sayd it was 
once Will. Shaksperes T.N. 1682.' John Hall, it will be remembered, 
married Shakespeare's daughter Susanna. The genuineness of the inscriptions 
has of course been questioned, but there is nothing about them to suggest 
forgery. It has been pertinendy remarked that a forger would hardly have 
abbreviated the name. He would have been likely, we may add, to write 
J. Hall instead of W. Hall, and to give more information than the initials T.N. 
The vague allusiveness is in their favour ; and probably they would have been 
at once accepted, but that the find was felt to be too good to be true. The 
book has been used by more than one person for study. One has written 
in a fine minute hand meanings and paraphrases in Latin above the text 
throughout the earlier part of the volume. Many verses have been underlined, 
especially in the earlier books, and very few pages but show some marks of use. 
There are also marginal scribblings and caricatures, which are carelessly done, 
and do not appear to be so old as the rest. 

EARLY TRANSLATIONS OF OVID. Ovid was a favourite with the 
early translators. Caxton prepared for the press, but did not print, a translation 
of the Metamorphoses ; and Wynkyn de Worde printed in 15 13, selections from 
the Art of Love. After the middle of the sixteenth century there are (besides 
Golding) Turberville's Heroides (1567), Underdowne's Ibis (1569), and Church- 
yard's Tristia (1580). Later we have Marlowe's Elegies, the Amores (1597), Browne's 
Remedie of Love (1599), and others in the early years of the seventeenth century. 

GOLDING'S OVID. Besides these, two pamphlets deserve mention as 
forerunners of Golding. One is "The Pleasant Fable of Hermaphroditus and 
Salmacis," translated by Thomas Peend (1565). The tide of the second deserves 
quoting in full. 

"The Fable of Ovid treting of Narcissus, translated out of Latin into 
Englysh Mytre, with a moral therunto, very pleasante to rede. MDLX. 
God resysteth the proud in every place, 
But unto the humble he geveth grace 
Therefore trust not to riches, beauti nor strength 
All these be vayne and shall consume at length. 
Imprynted at London by Thomas Hacketh, and are to be sold at hys shop 
in Cannynge Strete, over agaynste the thre Cranes. 

The contents of this pamphlet, which is not paged, are these : The Prenter to 
the Booke (1 p.) ; The Argument of the Fable (1 p.) ; Ovid's Fable (4 pp. in couplets, 
lines of iz syllables and 14 syllables alternately); The Moralization of the Fable in 
Ovid of Narcissus (26 pp. in seven-line stanza). Imprint : on reverse Woodcut of 
Hunters with bows and dogs. 

The title suggests Golding's own, so 'pleasant and delectable,' with its 
doggrell couplet. The publication of the pamphlet may have suggested the 
work to young Golding ; perhaps he may even have owed something to the 
metre, which differs from Golding's own by a pause in place of a foot in the first 

See an article (kindly pointed out to me by Mr. Madan) by F. A. Leo in Jahrbuch der Shakes- 
peart-Gesellichaft XVI., 367 ff. The name does not appear to me to be Shakspare, as Leo writes it. 
The two e s, though defective seem to be there, but the r is slurred. 

ii. 



line of each couplet. The long line had however already been used for a 
similar purpose by Thomas Phaer in his Seven first Bookes of the Eneides of Virgill 
1558, continued in 1562. But if Golding owed a suggestion to his predecessor, 
he owed little else, as a brief extract will show. 

This man the fearefull hartes, inforcynge to hys nettes 
The caulyng nimphe one daye, beheld that nether ever lettes 

To talke to those that speake, nor yet hathe power of speeche 
Before by Ecco this I mene, the dobbeler of skreeche. 
Five years after the publication of the Fable of Ovid treting of Narcissus, 
Golding printed his first attempt on the Metamorphoses under the following title : 
The Fyrst Fower Bookes of / P Ouidius Nasos Worke, intitled / 
Metamorphosis, translated / oute of Latin into Englishe / meter by Arthur 
Golding / Gent. A woorke very / pleasant and delectable. 

With skill, heede, and judgment, thys woorke / must bee red / For 
els too the reader it stands in small stead. 
Imprinted at London by / Willyam Seres. / Anno. 1565. 

This is followed by a prose dedication to Robert Earl of Leicester. 

Too the Right Honourable and his singular good Lorde Robert Earle 
of Leycester, Baron of Denbygyh, Knyght of the moste noble order of the 
Garter etc., Arthur Goldyng gent, wisheth continuance of health, with 
prosperous estate and fcelicitie. 

If this woorke was fully performed with lyke eloquence and connyng 
of endyting by me in Englishe, as it was written by Thauthor thereof in his 
moother toonge, it might perchaunce delight your honor too bestowe some 
vacant tyme in the reading of it, for the nomber of excellent devises and 
fyne inventions contrived in the same, purporting outwardly moste pleasant 
tales and delectable histories, and fraughted inwardlye with most piththie 
instructions and wholsome examples, and conteynyng bothe wayes moste 
exquisite connynge and deepe knowledge. Wherefore too countervayle my 
default, I request moste humblye the benefyte of your L. favor, whereby 
you are wont not onlye too beare with the want of skill and rudenesse of 
suche as commit their dooinges too your protection, but also are woont too 
encourage them to proceede in their paynfull exercises attempted of a zeale 
and desyre too enryche their native language with thinges not hertoofore 
published in the same. Thassured hope and confidence wherof, (furthered 
by the priviledge of the new yeere, which of an auncient and laudable 
custome, licenceth men too testifye their good willes, not only too their 
friendes and acquaintance, but also too their betters and superiours, by 
presentes though never so simple,) giueth me boldnesse too dedicate this my 
maymed and imperfect translation of the firste fower bookes of Ovides 
Metamorphosis untoo your honor, and too offer it unto you for a poore 
Neweyeres gift, I confesse not correspondent too your worthynesse, or my 
desyre, but yet agreable too the state of the giuer. The which if it maye 
please you too take in good part, I accompt my former travell herin 
sufficiently recompensed, and think myself greatly enforced too persever 
in the full accomplishement of all the whole woorke. And thus beseeching 
God to send your Honor many prosperous and joyfull Newyeres : I cease 
too trowble you any further at this tyme. At Cecill House, the xxiij. of 
December, Anno 1564. 

Your good L. most humbly too command 
Arthur Goldyng. 



111. 



The preface in verse, To the Reader, appears in the same form as in the 
complete work, with a few small differences, the omission of two lines (197-8), 
and the following four in place of lines 174-7 : 

I purpose nowe (if God permit) as here I have beegonne 
So through al Ovids turned shapes with restlesse race to ronne 
Untill such time as bringing him acquainted with our toong, 
He may a lyke in English verse as in his owne bee soong. 
When the task was done, these lines had need to be altered to suit the case. The 
text of the four books is substantially the same as that of the later editions ; the 
chief variants are noted in the Appendix. Each book is separately numbered by 
folios. The peculiarities of spelling more resemble the first (1567) than the 
second edition (1575). 

A comparison of the Fower Bookes and the two first editions will show that 
the work was revised. There are a very large number of small changes, in words 
and in order, and corrections of defective metre, which make the second edition 
on the whole better than the first. Sometimes the second introduces new faults 
of its own ; but these are all due to careless printing. In a few cases a line or a 
couplet has been recast. 

To take a few examples 

Defective Lines. 
II. 653 Ed. i. omits other VII. 318 Ed. i. omits tryple 

1091 Ed. ii. the 1107 the before Love 

III. 809 you 

Some errors are repeated from the Fewer Bookes, others (as III. 809) were correct in 
that issue. There are also a considerable number of smaller misprints, such as the 
omission of a letter (IV. 256 daugher). 

Excessive line: V. 794 Ed. i. inserts thereof after part. 
Words Changed. 





I. 


115 E 


d. 


. fertile 


Ed. ii. 


frutefull 






134 





Autumne 





Harvest 






5" 





applie 


11 


supply 






566 





workes 


11 


povvres 




II. 


324 





brakes 


11 


brookes 






626 


n 


God 


19 


Jove 




IX. 


45* 


it 


brests 
Phrases Revised. 


91 


wombe 


150 Ed. i 


. had ygrowe 




Ed. ii. 


high did growe 


3* 


He did remember furthermore 


And furthermore he cald to mynd 


3'0 


He did determine 


M 


He full determind 



Lines Recast. 
I. 167-8 Ed. i. The stepdames fell their husbands sonnes with poyson do assayle. 
To see their fathers live so long the children doe bewayle. 
Ed. ii. With grisly poyson stepdames fell their husbands Sonnes assayle. 
The Son inquyres aforehand when his fathers lyfe shall fayle. 
I. 489 <* _' Thus by the mightie powre of Gods ere longer time was past, 

Ed. ii. And thus by Gods almyghtie powre, before long tyme was past, 
II. 300 Ed. i. (The bloud by force of that same heate drawne to the outer part 
And there adust from that time forth) became so blacke and swart 
Ed. ii. (By reason that their bloud was drawne foorth to the owter part 
And there bescorched) did becomme ay after black and swart. 
IV. 91 Ed. i. O thou envious wall (they sayd,) why letst those lovers thus? 

Ed. ii. O spytefull wall (sayd they) why doost part us lovers thus i 
IV. 397 Ed. i. Whome thou vouchsafest for thy wife and bedfellow for too bee. 
Ed. ii. Whom thou thy wyfc and bedfellow vouchsafest for too bee. 

iv. 



The differences of spelling between the two editions have not been recorded in the 
notes, but they are sufficiently interesting to deserve notice. Ed. ii. affects double vowels 
as bee, hee, shee, wee, doo, too, moother, moorne, lookei (= locks), beleefe, greefe, cleere,feerce,feeld, 
yeere. The symbols oo and ie in the black letter are each a composite type, the latter being 
accented as a rule ; but the same peculiarities show themselves in the Epistle to Foteer 
Booies, where Roman type is used and the two symbols oo, ee are separate. This must 
therefore be regarded as a spelling definitely preferred. Other peculiarities are : bin, blud, 
breth, deth, heare, hart, Air, teex (almost always for tvax), voutsafe. For the above types 
Ed. i. prefers the following: be, he, she, tee, doe, to, mother, mourne, lokes, beliefe, griefe, 
cleare, feirce, (fierce, fiers), field, year, bene, bhud,fioud (blood, flood), breath, death, haire, heart, 
her, wax, vouchsafe. But Ed. ii. is not consistent, and probably every variety of spelling is to 
be found there. It is also to be noticed that in the seventh book of Ed. i. a change takes 
place in the spelling, which approximates the latter half of Ed. i. to Ed. ii. Some of the 
peculiarities of Ed. i., VII.-XV. and Ed. ii. appear also in the Epistle and Preface to Ed. i. 
Tower Bootes uses the double letters, but partakes of the peculiarities of both. 

The 'Fower Bookes' present another peculiarity, in beginning many lines with a small 
letter. This is done very frequently when the sentence runs on from line to line ; and its 
principle may be seen from a comparison of the passage I., 707-809, where a small letter 
begins the following lines: 709-714 inclusive, 723, 729, 735, 738, 740, 741, 744, 748, 
75. 754. 755. 757-6i, 766, 769, 774, 777, 778, 780, 784-788, 790, 791, 793, 795, 797- 
799, 803, 805-807. 

In the complete editions, the initial small letter is found now and again, but 
apparently by accident. 

SHAKESPEARE AND GOLDING. There is no doubt that Shakes- 
peare used Goldjng.' In the Tempest, 2 Prospero cries 

Ye elves of hills, brooks, standing lakes and groves ! 

echoing the words of Golding. 3 

Ye Ayres and windes : ye Elves of Hilles, of Brookes, of Woods alone 
Of standing Lakes, and of the Night approche ye everychone. 

In Venus and Adonis,* there is a description of the Boar : 
On his bow-back he hath a batde set 
Of brisdy pikes, that ever threat his foes 

His eyes, like glow-worms, shine when he doth fret .... 
His brawny sides, with hairy bristles arm'd, 
Are better proof than thy spear's point can enter. 

with which compare Golding : 5 

His eies did glister blud and fire : right dreadfull was to see 

His brawned necke, right dredfull was his haire which grew as thicke 

With pricking points as one of them could well by other sticke. 

And like a front of armed Pikes set close in battell ray, 

The sturdie bristles on his back stoode staring up alway. 

A description of the storm in Othello also recals Golding. 6 



1 See Malone's Variorum edition xv. 160 ; Anders p. 23, from whom I take the quotations. 

2 Tempest V., i. 33. 

3 Golding, vii. 265 = Ovid Met. vii. 197. 

4 V and A 619 ff. 

s Golding, viii. 376 == Ovid Met. viii. 284 ff. 
6 Othello II., i. 188 ff, cp. Golding xi. 550 ff. 



GOLDING'S LIFE AND WORKS. Little is known of the translator's 
life. Arthur Golding was born about 1536, and died early in the seventeenth 
century. He was connected by marriage with John de Vere, Earl of Oxford, 
and a friend of Sir Philip Sidney. He seems to have written nothing original 
except "A Discourse upon the Earthquake that hapened through this realme of 
Englandc and other places of Christendom, the sixt of Aprill, 1580," and a copy 
of verses in praise of Baret's Alveare, prefixt to that work in the same year. 
But his translations were many. Amongst them are several of Calvin's works : 
a 'Treatise concerning offences' (1567), Commentaries upon the Prophet Daniell 
(1570), Sermons upon the Book of job (1574), Sermons upon the Epistle of 
S. Paule too the Ephesians (1577), and from Nicholas Hemming, 'A Postill or 
Exposition of the Gospel' (1 569). He also completed Sir P. Sidney's translation 
of de Mornay's 'History of Christianity' (1589). One of these was dedicated 
to the Earl of Leicester. From David Chytraeus he translated 'A Postil or 
orders Disposing of certaine Episdes usually red in the Church of God' (1570). 
He touches the drama with his version of Theodore Beza's "Tragedie of 
Abraham's Sacrifice . . . finished at Powles Belchamp, in Essex, the nth 
day of August, 1575." His classical translations are Ovid's Metamorphoses 
(1565-7, 1575, 1587, 1603, 1 6 12): Justin (1564); Pomponius Mela (1585) ; 
Seneca on Benefits (1578) ; and Caesar (1563, 1565, 1590). He also translated 
a number of other works, on historical and theological subjects. 

THIS EDITION. This is a reprint of a copy of the First Edition (1567) 
in the Cambridge University Library, the original spelling being retained, except 
that j and v are written for i and u according to modern custom, and an occasional 
small letter at the beginning of a line has been replaced by a capital. But all 
misprints have been corrected, usually from my own copy of the second edition; 
the exact reading of the first being recorded in the critical notes. Names which 
the original prints in Roman letters are here printed in Italic, and words wrongly 
run together have been separated. Abbreviations are expanded : & c and,' 
-q~' quoth,' and w ch , y*, y', and so forth unless there was no room in the line. 
The punctuation is mainly that of the original, but not always. A few faults 
escaped in the printing are corrected in the notes. These are all mistakes in 
spelling ; it can hardly be hoped that there are no other such, but the text is 
believed to be accurate. Enmy stands once or twice for emny, the sheets having 
been printed off before I discovered that this spelling was deliberately adopted. 

It remains to thank my friend, Professor Gollancz, for his assistance and 
criticism in the compilation of this Introduction. 



VI. 




TO THE RYGHT HONORABLE AND HIS SINGULAR 
GOOD LORD, ROBERT ERLE OF LEYCESTER; 

BARON OF DENBYGH, KNYGHT OF THE MOST NOBLE 

ORDER OF THE GARTER, &c. ARTHUR GOLDING 

GENT. WISHETH CONTINUANCE OF 

HEALTH, WITH PROSPEROUS 

ESTATE AND FELICITIE. 



THE EPISTLE 

5T length my chariot wheele about the mark hath found the way, 
And at their weery races end, my breathlesse horses stay. 
The woork is brought too end by which the author did account 
(And rightly) with eternall fame above the starres too mount, 
For whatsoever hath bene writ of auncient tyme in greeke 
By sundry men dispersedly, and in the latin eeke, 
Of this same dark Philosophic of turned shapes, the same 
Hath Ovid into one whole masse in this booke brought in frame. 
Fowre kynd of things in this his worke the Poet dooth conteyne. 
That nothing under heaven dooth ay in stedfast state remayne. 10 

And next that nothing perisheth : but that eche substance takes 
Another shape than that it had. Of theis twoo points he makes 
The proof by shewing through his woorke the wonderfull exchaunge 
Of Goddes, men, beasts, and elements, too sundry shapes right straunge, 
Beginning with creation of the world, and man of slyme, 
And so proceeding with the turnes that happened till his tyme. 
Then sheweth he the soule of man from dying to be free, 
By samples of the noblemen, who for their vertues bee 
Accounted and canonized for Goddes by heathen men, 

And by the peynes of Lymbo lake, and blysfull state agen 20 

Of spirits in th' Elysian feelds. And though that of theis three 
He make discourse dispersedly : yit specially they bee 
Discussed in the latter booke in that oration where 
He bringeth in Pythagoras disswading men from feare 
Of death, and preaching abstinence from flesh of living things. 
But as for that opinion which Pythagoras there brings 
Of soules removing out of beasts too men, and out of men 
Too birdes and beasts both wyld and tame, both too and fro agen : 
It is not too be understand of that same soule whereby 

Wee are endewd with reason and discretion from on hie : 30 

But of that soule or lyfe the which brute beasts as well as wee 
Enjoy. Three sortes of lyfe or soule (for so they termed bee) 
Are found in things. The first gives powre too thryve, encrease and grow, 
And this in senselesse herbes and trees and shrubs itself dooth show. 
The second giveth powre too move and use of senses fyve, 
And this remaynes in brutish beasts, and keepeth them alyve. 



Both thcis are mortall, as the which receyved of the aire 

By force of Phebus, after death, doo thither eft repayre. 

The third gives understanding, wit, and reason : and the same 

Is it alonly which with us of soule dooth beare the name. 40 

And as the second dooth conteine the first : even so the third 

Conteyneth both the other twaine. And neyther beast, nor bird, 

Nor fish, nor herb, nor tree, nor shrub, nor any earthly wyght 

(Save only man) can of the same partake the heavenly myght. 

I graunt that when our breath dooth from our bodies go away, 

It dooth eftsoones returne too ayre : and of that ayre there may 

Both bird and beast participate, and wee of theirs likewyse. 

For whyle wee lyve, (the thing itself appeereth to our eyes) 

Bothe they and wee draw all one breath. But for too deeme or say 

Our noble soule (which is divine and permanent for ay) 50 

Is common too us with the beasts, I think it nothing lesse 

Than for too bee a poynt of him that wisdome dooth professe. 

Of this I am ryght well assurde there is no Christen wyght 

That can by fondnesse be so farre seduced from the ryght 

And finally hee dooth procede in shewing that not all 

That beare the name of men (how strong, feerce, stout, bold, hardy, tall, 

How wyse, fayre, rych, or hyghly borne, how much renownd by fame, 

So ere they bee, although on earth of Goddes they beare the name) 

Are for too be accounted men : but such as under awe 

Of reasons rule continually doo live in vertues law : 60 

And that the rest doo differ nought from beasts, but rather bee 

Much woorse than beasts, bicause they doo abace theyr owne degree. 

To naturall philosophye the formest three perteyne, 

The fowrth too morall : and in all are pitthye, apt and pleyne 

Instructions which import the prayse of vertues, and the shame 

Of vices, with the due rewardes of eyther of the same. 

Out of the f As for example, in the tale of Daphnee turnd to Bay 

first booke. a myrror of virginitie appeere untoo us may, 

Which yeelding neyther untoo feare, nor force, nor flatterye, 

Doth purchace everlasting fame and immortalitye. 70 

Out of the fin Phaetons fable untoo syght the Poet dooth expresse 
second. y ne natures f ambition blynd, and youthfull wilfulnesse. 
The end whereof is miserie, and bringeth at the last 
Repentance when it is to late that all redresse is past. 
And how the weaknesse and the want of wit in magistrate 
Confoundeth both his common weale and eeke his owne estate. 
This fable also dooth advyse all parents and all such 
As bring up youth, too take good heede of cockering them too much. 
It further dooth commende the meane: and willeth too beware 
Of rash and hasty promises which most pernicious are, 80 

And not too bee performed : and in fine it playnly showes 
What sorrow too the parents and too all the kinred growes 
By disobedience of the chyld : and in the chyld is ment 
The disobedient subject that ageinst his prince is bent. 
The transformations of the Crow and Raven doo declare 
That Clawbacks and Colcariers ought wysely too beware 
Of whom, too whom, and what they speake. For sore against his will 



Can any freendly hart abyde too heare reported ill 

The partie whom he favoureth. This tale dooth eeke bewray 

The rage of wrath and jelozie too have no kynd of stay : 9 

And that lyght credit too reports in no wyse should be given, 

For feare that men too late too just repentance should bee driven. 

The fable of Ocyroee by all such folk is told 

As are in serching things too come too curious and too bold. 

A very good example is describde in Battus tale 

For covetous people which for gayne doo set theyr toongs too sale. 

Out of the f All such as doo in flattring freaks, and hawkes, and hownds delyght 
"J- And dyce, and cards, and for too spend the tyme both day and nyght 
In foule excesse of chamberworke, or too much meate and drink: 
Uppon the piteous storie of Acteon ought too think. ioo 

For theis and theyr adherents usde excessive are in deede 
The dogs that dayly doo devour theyr followers on with speede. 
Tyresias willes inferior folk in any wyse too shun 
Too judge betweene their betters least in perill they doo run. 
Narcissus is of scornfulnesse and pryde a myrror cleere, 
Where beawties fading vanitie most playnly may appeere. 
And Echo in the selfsame tale dooth kyndly represent 
The lewd behaviour of a bawd, and his due punishment. 

Out of the % The piteous tale of Pyramus and Thisbee doth conteine 

j- The headie force of frentick love whose end is wo and payne. 1 10 

The snares of Mars and Venus shew that tyme will bring too lyght 
The secret sinnes that folk commit in corners or by nyght. 
Hermaphrodite and Salmacis declare that idlenesse 
Is cheefest nurce and cherisher of all volupteousnesse, 
And that voluptuous lyfe breedes sin : which linking all toogither 
Make men too bee effeminate, unweeldy, weake and lither. 

Out of the f Rich Piers daughters turnd too Pyes doo openly declare, 

v - That none so bold too vaunt themselves as blindest bayardes are. 
The Muses playnly doo declare ageine a toother syde, 
That whereas cheefest wisdom is, most meeldnesse dooth abyde. 1 20 

Out of the f Arachnee may example bee that folk should not contend 
V J- Ageinst their betters, nor persist in error too the end. 
So dooth the tale of Niobee and of hir children : and 
The transformation of the Carles that dwelt in Lycie land, 
Toogither with the fleaing of of piper Marsies skin. 
The first doo also show that long it is ere God begin 
Too pay us for our faults, and that he warnes us oft before 
Too leave our folly : but at length his vengeance striketh sore. 
And therefore that no wyght should strive with God in word nor thought 
Nor deede. But pryde and fond desyre of prayse have ever wrought 1 30 

Confusion too the parties which accompt of them doo make. 
For some of such a nature bee that if they once doo take 
Opinion (be it ryght or wrong) they rather will agree 
To dye, than seeme to take a foyle : so obstinate they bee. 
The tale of Tereus, Philomele, and Prognee dooth conteyne 
That folke are blynd in thyngs that too their proper weale perteyne, 
And that the man in whom the fyre of furious lust dooth reigne 
Dooth run too mischeefe like a horse that getteth loose the reyne. 



It also shewes the cruell wreake of women in their wrath 

And that no hainous mischiefe long delay of vengeance hath. 140 

And lasdy that distresse doth drive a man too looke about 

And seeke all corners of his wits, what way too wind him out. 

Out of the f The good successe of Jason in the land of Colchos, and 
v>j- The dooings of Medea since, doo give too understand 

That nothing is so hard but peyne and travell doo it win, 

For fortune ever favoreth such as boldly doo begin : 

That women both in helping and in hurting have no match 

When they too eyther bend their wits : and how that for too catch 

An honest meener under fayre pretence of freendship, is 

An easie matter. Also there is warning given of this, 1 50 

That men should never hastely give eare too fugitives, 

Nor into handes of sorcerers commit their state or lyves. 

It shewes in fine of stepmoothers the deadly hate in part, 

And vengeaunce most unnaturall that was in moothers hart. 

The deedes of Theseus are a spurre too prowesse, and a glasse 

How princes sonnes and noblemen their youthfull yeeres should passe. 

King Minos shewes that kings in hand no wrongfull wars should take 

And what provision for the same they should before hand make. 

King Aeacus gives also there example how that kings 

Should keepe their promise and their leages above all other things. 160 

His grave description of the plage and end thereof, expresse 

The wrath of God on man for sin : and how that nerethelesse 

He dooth us spare and multiply ageine for goodmens sakes. 

The whole discourse of Cephalus and Procris mention makes 

That maried folke should warely shunne the vice of jealozie 

And of suspicion should avoyd all causes utterly. 

Reproving by the way all such as causelesse doo misdeeme 

The chaste and giltlesse for the deedes of those that faultie seeme. 

Out of the ^ The storie of the daughter of King Nisus setteth out 

viij. What wicked lust drives folk untoo too bring their wills about. 1 70 

And of a rightuous judge is given example in the same, 
Who for no meede nor frendship will consent too any blame. 
Wee may perceyve in Dedalus how every man by kynd 
Desyres to bee at libertie, and with an earnest mynd 
Dooth seeke too see his native soyle, and how that streight distresse 
Dooth make men wyse, and sharpes their wits to fynd their owne redresse. 
Wee also lerne by Icarus how good it is too bee 
In meane estate and not too clymb too hygh, but too agree 
Too wholsome counsell : for the hyre of disobedience is 

Repentance when it is too late forthinking things amisse. 1 80 

And Partrich telles that excellence in any thing procures 
Men envie, even among those frendes whom nature most assures. 
Philemon and his feere are rules of godly pacient lyfe, 
Of sparing thrift, and mutuall love betweene the man and wyfe, 
Of due obedience, of the feare of God, and of reward 
For good or evill usage shewd too wandring straungers ward. 
In Erisicthcn dooth appeere a lyvely image both 
Of wickednesse and crueltie which any wyght may lothe, 
And of the hyre that longs theretoo. He sheweth also playne 






That whereas prodigalitie and gluttony dooth reigne, 1 90 

A world of riches and of goods are ever with the least 
Too satisfye the appetite and eye of such a beast. 

Out of the f In Hercules and Acheloyes encounters is set out 

'* The nature and behaviour of twoo wooers that be stout. 
Wherein the Poet covertly taunts such as beeing bace 
Doo seeke by forged pedegrees to seeme of noble race. 
Who when they doo perceyve no truth uppon their syde too stand, 
In stead of reason and of ryght use force and myght of hand. 
This fable also signifies that valiantnesse of hart 

Consisteth not in woords, but deedes : and that all slyght and Art 200 

Give place too prowesse. Furthermore in Nessus wee may see 
What breach of promise commeth too, and how that such as bee 
Unable for too wreake theyr harmes by force, doo oft devyse 
Too wreake themselves by pollicie in farre more cruell wyse. 
And Deyanira dooth declare the force of jealozie 
Deceyved through too lyght beleef and fond simplicitie. 
The processe following peinteth out true manlynesse of hart 
Which yeeldeth neyther untoo death, too sorrow, greef, nor smart. 
And finally it shewes that such as live in true renowne 

Of vertue heere, have after death an everlasting crowne 210 

Of glorie. Cawne and Byblis are examples contrarie : 
The Mayd of most outrageous lust, the man of chastitie. 

Out of the H The tenth booke cheefly dooth containe one kynd of argument, 
* Reproving most prodigious lusts of such as have bene bent 
Too incest most unnaturall. And in the latter end 
It sheweth in Hippomenes how greatly folk offend, 
That are ingrate for benefits which God or man bestow 
Uppon them in the tyme of neede. Moreover it dooth show > 

That beawty (will they nill they) aye dooth men in daunger throw : J 
And that it is a foolyshnesse too stryve ageinst the thing 220 

Which God before determineth too passe in tyme too bring. 
And last of all Adonis death dooth shew that manhod stryves 
Against forewarning though men see the perill of theyr lyves. 

Out of the { The death of Orphey sheweth Gods just vengeaunce on the vyle 
X1 - And wicked sort which horribly with incest them defyle. 
In Midas of a covetous wretch the image wee may see 
Whose riches justly too himself a hellish torment bee, 
And of a foole whom neyther proof nor warning can amend, 
Untill he feele the shame and smart that folly doth him send. 
His Barbour represents all blabs which seeme with chyld too bee 230 

Untill that they have blaazd abrode the things they heare or see, 
In Ceyx and Alcyone appeeres most constant love, 
Such as betweene the man and wyfe too bee it dooth behove. 
This Ceyx also is a lyght of princely courtesie 
And bountie toward such whom neede compelleth for too flye. 
His viage also dooth declare how vainly men are led 
Too utter perill through fond toyes and fansies in their head. 
For Idols doubtfull oracles and soothsayres prophecies 
Do nothing else but make fooles fayne and blynd their bleared eyes. 
Dedalions daughter warnes too use the toong with modestee 240 



And not too vaunt with such as are their betters in degree. 

Out of the 1J The seege of Troy, the death of men, the razing of the citie, 
*>> And slaughter of king Priams stock without remors of pitie, 
Which in the xii. and xiii. bookes bee written, doo declare 
How heynous wilfull perjurie and filthie whoredome are 
In syght of God. The frentick fray betweene the Lapithes and 
The Centaures is a note wherby is given too understand 

Out of the The beasdy rage of drunkennesse. 1f Ulysses dooth expresse 
x "i- The image of discretion, wit, and great advisednesse. 

And Ajax on the other syde doth represent a man 250 

Stout, headie, irefull, hault of mynd, and such a one as can 

Abyde too suffer no repulse. And both of them declare 

How covetouse of glorie and reward mens natures are. 

And finally it sheweth playne that wisdome dooth prevayle 

In all attempts and purposes when strength of hand dooth fayle. 

The death of fayre Polyxena dooth shew a princely mynd 

And firme regard of honor rare engraft in woman kynd. 

And Polymnestor king of Thrace dooth shew himself to bee 

A glasse for wretched covetous folke wherein themselves to see. 

This storie further witnesseth that murther cryeth ay 260 

For vengeance, and itself one tyme or other dooth bewray. 

The tale of Gyant Polypheme doth evidently prove 

That nothing is so feerce and wyld, which yeeldeth not to love. 

And in the person of the selfsame Gyant is set out 

The rude and homely wooing of a country cloyne and lout. 

Out of the fl The tale of Apes reproves the vyce of wilfull perjurie, 
xiiij- And willeth people too beware they use not for too lye. 
Aeneas going downe too hell dooth shew that vertue may 
In saufty trauell where it will, and nothing can it stay. 

The length of lyfe in Sybill dooth declare it is but vayne 270 

Too wish long lyfe, syth length of lyfe is also length of payne. 
The grecian Achemenides dooth lerne us how we ought 
Bee thankfull for the benefits that any man hath wrought. 
And in this Achemenides the Poet dooth expresse 
The image of exceeding feare in daunger and distresse. 
What else are Circes witchcrafts and enchauntments than the vyle 
And filthy pleasures of the flesh which doo our soules defyle ? 
And what is else herbe Moly than the gift of stayednesse 
And temperance which dooth all fowle concupisence expresse ? 
The tale of Anaxaretee willes dames of hygh degree 280 

To use their lovers courteously how meane so ere they bee. 
And Iphis lernes inferior folkes too fondly not too set 
Their love on such as are too hygh for their estate too get. 

Out of the 11 Alemons sonne declares that men should willingly obay 

xv. What God commaundes, and not uppon exceptions seeme to stay. 
For he will find the meanes too bring the purpose well about, 
And in their most necessitie dispatch them saufly out 
Of daunger. The oration of Pithagoras implyes 
A sum of all the former woorke. What person can devyse 

A notabler example of true love and godlynesse 290 

Too ones owne natyve countryward than Cippus dooth expresse ? 



The turning to a blazing starre of Julius Cesar showes, 

That fame and immortalitie of vertuous doing growes. 

And lastly by examples of Augustus and a few 

Of other noble princes sonnes the author there dooth shew 

That noblemen and gendemen shoulde stryve to passe the fame 

And vertues of their aunceters, or else too match the same. 
Theis fables out of every booke I have interpreted, 
Too shew how they and all the rest may stand a man in sted. 

Not adding over curiously the meening of them all, 300 

For that were labor infinite, and tediousnesse not small 

Bothe untoo your good Lordship and the rest that should them reede 

Who well myght thinke I did the bounds of modestie exceede, 

If I this one epistle should with matters overcharge 

Which scarce a booke of many quyres can well conteyne at large. 

And whereas in interpreting theis few I attribute 

The things too one, which heathen men to many Gods impute, 

Concerning mercy, wrath for sin, and other giftes of grace, 

Described for examples sake in proper time and place : 

Let no man marvell at the same. For though that they as blynd 310 

Through unbeleefe, and led astray through error even of kynd, 

Knew not the true eternall God, or if they did him know, 

Yet did they not acknowledge him, but vaynly did bestow 

The honor of the maker on the creature : yit it dooth 

Behove all us (who ryghtly are instructed in the sooth) 

Too think and say that God alone is he that rules all things 

And worketh all in all, as lord of lords and king of kings, 

With whom there are none other Gods that any sway may beare, 

No fatall law too bynd him by, no fortune for too feare. 

For Gods, and fate, and fortune are the termes of heathennesse, 320 

If men usurp them in the sense that Paynims doo expresse. 

But if wee will reduce their sence too ryght of Christian law, 

Too signifie three other things theis termes wee well may draw. 

By Gods wee understand all such as God hath plaast in cheef 

Estate to punish sin, and for the godly folkes releef. 

By fate the order which is set and stablished in things 

By Gods eternall will and word, which in due season brings 

All matters too their falling out, which falling out or end 

(Bicause our curious reason is too weake too comprehend 

The cause and order of the same, and dooth behold it fall 330 

Unwares too us) by name of chaunce or fortune wee it call. 

If any man will say theis things may better lerned bee 

Out of divine philosophic or scripture, I agree 

That nothing may in worthinesse with holy writ compare. 

Howbeeit so farre foorth as things no whit impeachment are 

Too vertue and too godlynesse but furtherers of the same, 

I trust we may them saufly use without desert of blame. 

And yet there are (and those not of the rude and vulgar sort. 

But such as have of godlynesse and lerning good report) 

That thinke the Poets tooke their first occasion of theis things 340 

From holy writ as from the well from whence all wisdome springs. 

What man is he but would suppose the author of this booke 



The first foundation of his woorke from Moyses wryghtings tooke ? 

Not only in effect he dooth with Genesis agree, 

But also in the order of creation, save that hee 

Makes no distinction of the dayes. For what is else at all 

That shapelesse, rude, and pestred heape which Chaos he dooth call, 

Than even that universall masse of things which God did make 

In one whole lump before that ech their proper place did take. 

Of which the Byble saith that in the first beginning God 350 

Made heaven and earth : the earth was waste, and darknesse yit abod 

Uppon the deepe : which holy wordes declare unto us playne 

That fyre, ayre, water, and the earth did undistinct remayne 

"In one grosse bodie at the first : f For God the father that 

" Made all things, framing out the world according too the plat, 

" Conceyved everlastingly in mynd, made first of all 

"Both heaven and earth uncorporall and such as could not fall 

"As objects under sense of sight: and also aire lykewyse, 

"And emptynesse : and for theis twaine apt termes he did devyse. 

"He called ayer darknesse: for the ayre by kynd is darke. 360 

"And emptynesse by name of depth full aptly he did marke: 

"For emptynesse is deepe and waste by nature. Overmore 

"He formed also bodylesse (as other things before) 

"The natures both of water and of spirit. And in fyne 

"The lyght: which beeing made too bee a patter ne most divine 

"Whereby too forme the fixed starres and wandring planets seven, 

"With all the lyghts that afterward should beawtifie the heaven, 

"Was made by God both bodylesse and of so pure a kynd, 

"As that it could alonly bee perceyved by the mynd." 

To thys effect are Philos words. And certainly this same 370 

Is it that Poets in their worke confused Chaos name. 

Not that Gods woorkes at any tyme were pact confusedly 

Toogither : but bicause no place nor outward shape whereby 

To shew them too the feeble sense of mans deceytfull syght 

Was yit appointed untoo things, untill that by his myght 

And wondrous wisdome God in tyme set open too the eye 

The things that he before all tyme had everlastingly 

Decreed by his providence. But let us further see * 

How Ovids scantlings with the whole true patterne doo agree. 

The first day by his mighty word (sayth Moyses) God made lyght, 380 

The second day the firmament, which heaven or welkin hyght. 

The third day he did part the earth from sea and made it drie, 

Commaunding it too beare all kynd of fruits abundantly. 

The fowrth day he did make the lyghts of heaven to shyne from hye, 

And stablished a law in them too rule their courses by. 

The fifth day he did make the whales and fishes of the deepe, 

With all the birds and fethered fowles that in the aire doo keepe. 

The sixth day God made every beast, both wyld and tame, and woormes. 

That creepe on ground according too their severall kynds and formes, 

And in the image of himself he formed man of clay 390 

Too bee the Lord of all his woorkes the very selfsame day. 

This is the sum of Moyses woords. And Ovid (whether it were 

By following of the text aright, or that his mynd did beare 

8 



Him witnesse that there are no Gods but one) dooth playne uphold 

That God (although he knew it not) was he that did unfold 

The former Chaos, putting it in forme and facion new, 

As may appeere by theis his words which underneath ensew. 

"This stryfe did God and nature brealce and set in order dew. 

"The earth from heaven the sea from earth he parted orderly, 

"And from the thicke and foggie aire he tooke the lyghtsome skye." 400 

In theis few lynes he comprehends the whole effect of that 

Which God did woork the first three dayes about this noble plat. 

And then by distributions he entreateth by and by 

More largely of the selfsame things, and paynts them out too eye 

With all their bounds and furniture : And whereas wee doo fynd 

The terme of nature joynd with God : (according to the mynd 

Of lerned men) by joyning so, is ment none other thing, 

But God the Lord of nature who did all in order bring. 

The distributions being doone right lernedly, anon 

Too shew the other three dayes workes he thus proceedeth on. 410 

"The heavenly soyle too Goddes and starres and planets first he gave 

"The waters next both fresh and salt he let the fishes have, 

"The suttle ayre to flickring fowles and birds he hath assignd, 

"The earth too beasts both wylde and tame of sundry sorts and kynd," 

Thus partly in the outward phrase, but more in verie deede, 

He seemes according too the sense of scripture too proceede. 

And when he commes to speake of man, he dooth not vainely say 

(As sum have written) that he was before all tyme for ay, 

Ne mencioneth mo Gods than one in making him. But thus 

He both in sentence and in sense his meening dooth discusse. 420 

" Howbeeit yit of all this whyle the creature wanting was 

" Farre more divine, of nobler mynd, which shoulde the resdew passe 

"In depth of knowlege, reason, wit and hygh capacitee, 

"And which of all the resdew should the Lord and ruler bee. 

"Then eyther he that made the world and things in order set, 

"Of heavenly seede engendred man : or else the earth as yet 

"Yoong, lustie, fresh, and in her flowre, and parted from the skye 

"But late before, the seedes therof as yit hild inwardly. 

"The which Prometheus tempring streyght with water of the spring, 

"Did make in likenesse to the Goddes that governe every thing." 430 

What other thing meenes Ovid heere by terme of heavenly seede, 

Than mans immortall sowle, which is divine, and commes in deede 

From heaven, and was inspyrde by God, as Moyses sheweth playne? 

And whereas of Prometheus he seemes too adde a vayne 

Devyce, as though he ment that he had formed man of clay, 

Although it bee a tale put in for pleasure by the way : 

Yit by thinterpretation of the name we well may gather, 

He did include a misterie and secret meening rather. 

This woord Prometheus signifies a person sage and wyse, 

Of great foresyght, who headily will nothing enterpryse. 440 

It was the name of one that first did images invent: 

Of whom the Poets doo report that he too heaven up went, 

And there stole fyre, through which he made his images alyve : 

And therefore that he formed men the Paynims did contryve. 



Now when the Poet red perchaunce that God almyghty by 

His providence and by his woord (which everlastingly 

Is ay his wisdome) made the world, and also man to beare 

His image, and too bee the lord of all the things that were 

Erst made, and that he shaped him of earth or slymy clay : 

Hee tooke occasion in the way of fabling for too say 450 

That wyse Prometheus tempring earth with water of the spring, 

Did forme it lyke the Gods above that governe every thing. 

Thus may Prometheus seeme too bee theternall woord of God, 

His wisdom, and his providence which formed man of clod. 

"And where all other things behold the ground with groveling eye: 

"He gave too man a stately looke replete with majesty: 

"And willd him too behold the heaven with countnance cast on hye, 

"Too mark and understand what things are in the starrie skye." 

In theis same woordes, both parts of man the Poet dooth expresse 

As in a glasse, and giveth us instruction too addresse 460 

Our selves too know our owne estate : as that wee bee not borne 

Too followe lust, or serve the paunch lyke brutish beasts forlorne, 

But for too lyft our eyes as well of body as of mynd 

Too heaven as too our native soyle from whence wee have by kynd 

Our better part : and by the sight thereof too lerne too know 

And knowledge him that dwelleth there : and wholly too bestow 

Our care and travell too the prayse and glorie of his name 

Who for the sakes of mortall men created first the same. 

Moreover by the golden age what other thing is ment, 

Than Adams tyme in Paradyse, who beeing innocent 470 

Did lead a blist and happy lyfe untill that thurrough sin 

He fell from God ? From which tyme foorth all sorrow did begin. 

The earth accursed for his sake, did never after more 

Yeeld foode without great toyle. Both heate and cold did vexe him sore. 

Disease of body, care of mynd, with hunger, thirst and neede, 

Feare, hope, joy, greefe, and trouble, fell on him and on his seede. 

And this is termd the silver age. Next which there did succeede 

The brazen age, when malice first in peoples harts did breede, 

Which never ceased growing till it did so farre outrage, 

That nothing but destruction could the heate thereof asswage 480 

For why mens stomackes wexing hard as Steele ageinst their God, 

Provoked him from day too day too strike them with his rod. 

Prowd Gyants also did aryse that with presumptuous wills 

Heapt wrong on wrong, and sin on sin lyke howge and lofty hilles 

Whereby they strove too clymb too heaven and God from thence too draw, 

In scorning of his holy woord and breaking natures law. 

For which anon ensewd the flood which overflowed all 

The whole round earth and drowned quyght all creatures great and smal, 

Excepting feaw that God did save as seede whereof should grow 

Another offspring. All these things the Poet heere dooth show 490 

In colour, altring both the names of persons, tyme and place. 

For where according too the truth of scripture in this cace, 

The universall flood did fall but sixteene hundred yeeres 

And sixandfifty after the creation (as appeeres 

By reckening of the ages of the fathers) under Noy, 

10 



With whom seven other persons mo like saufgard did enjoy 

Within the arke, which at the end of one whole yeere did stay, 

Uppon the hilles of Armenie: The Poet following ay 

The fables of the glorying Greekes (who shamelessely did take 

The prayse of all things too themselves) in fablying wyse dooth make 500 

It happen in Deucalions tyme, who reignd in Thessaly 

Eyght hundred winters since Noyes flood or thereupon well nye, 

Bicause that in the reigne of him a myghty flood did fall, 

That drownde the greater part of Greece, townes, cattell, folk, and all, 

Save feaw that by the help of boats atteyned untoo him, 

And too the highest of the forkt Parnasos top did swim. 

And forbycause that hee and his were driven a whyle to dwell 

Among the stonny hilles and rocks until the water fell, 

The Poets hereupon did take occasion for too feyne, 

That he and Pyrrha did repayre mankynd of stones ageyne. 510 

So in the sixth booke afterward Amphions harp is sayd 

The first foundation of the walks or Thebee to have layd, 

Bycause that by his eloquence and justice (which are ment 

By true accord of harmonie and musicall consent) 

He gathered intoo Thebee towne, and in due order knit 

The people that disperst and rude in hilles and rocks did sit. 

So Orphey in the tenth booke is reported too delight 

The savage beasts, and for too hold the fleeting birds from flyght, 

Too move the senselesse stones, and stay swift rivers, and too make 

The trees too follow after him and for his musick sake 520 

Too yeeld him shadowe where he went. By which is signifyde 

That in his doctrine such a force and sweetenesse was implyde, 

That such as were most wyld, stowre, feerce, hard, witlesse, rude, and bent 

Ageinst good order, were by him perswaded too relent, 

And for too bee conformable too live in reverent awe 

Like neybours in a common weale by justyce under law. 

Considring then of things before reherst the whole effect, 

I trust there is alreadie shewd sufficient too detect 

That Poets tooke the ground of all their cheefest fables out 

Of scripture: which they shadowing with their gloses went about 530 

Too turne the truth too toyes and lyes. And of the selfsame rate 

Are also theis : Their Phlegeton, their Styx, their blisfull state 

Of spirits in th' Elysian feelds. Of which the former twayne 

Seeme counterfetted of the place where damned soules remayne, 

Which wee call hell. The third dooth seeme too fetch his pedegree 

From Paradyse which scripture shewes a place of blisse too bee. 

If Poets then with leesings and with fables shadowed so 

The certeine truth, what letteth us too plucke those visers fro 

Their doings, and too bring ageine the darkened truth too lyght, 

That all men may behold thereof the cleerenesse shining bryght ? 540 

The readers therefore earnesdy admonisht are too bee 

Too seeke a further meaning than the letter gives too see. 

The travell tane in that behalf although it have sum payne 

Yit makes it double recompence with pleasure and with gayne. 

With pleasure, for varietie and straungenesse of the things, 

With gaine, for good instruction which the understanding brings. 



11 



And if they happening for to meete with any wanton woord 

Or matter lewd, according as the person dooth avoord 

In whom the evill is describde, doo feele their myndes therby 

Provokte too vyce and wantonnesse, (as nature commonly 550 

Is prone to evill) let them thus imagin in their mynd. 

Behold, by sent of reason and by perfect sight I fynd 

A Panther heere, whose peinted cote with yellow spots like gold 

And pleasant smell allure myne eyes and senses too behold. 

But well I know his face is grim and feerce, which he dooth hyde 

To this intent, that whyle I thus stand gazing on his hyde, 

He may devour mee unbewares. Ne let them more offend 

At vices in this present woork in lyvely colours pend, 

Than if that in a chrystall glasse fowle images they found, 

Resembling folkes fowle visages that stand about it round. 560 

For sure theis fables are not put in wryghting to thentent 

Too further or allure too vyce : but rather this is ment, 

That men beholding what they bee when vyce dooth reigne in stead 

Of vertue, should not let their lewd affections have the head, 

For as there is no creature more divine than man as long 

As reason hath the sovereintie and standeth firme and strong : 

So is there none more beastly, vyle, and develish, than is hee, 

If reason giving over, by affection mated bee. 

The use of this same booke therefore is this : that every man 

(Endevoring for too know himself as neerly as he can, 570 

As though he in a chariot sat well ordered) should direct 

His mynd by reason in the way of vertue, and correct 

His feerce affections with the bit of temprance, least perchaunce 

They taking bridle in the teeth lyke wilfull jades doo praunce 

Away, and headlong carie him to every filthy pit 

Of vyce, and drinking of the same defyle his soule with it: 

Or else all headlong harrie him uppon the rockes of sin, 

And overthrowing forcibly the chariot he sits in, 

Doo teare him woorse than ever was Hippolitus the Sonne 

Of Theseus when he went about his fathers wrath too shun. 580 

This worthie worke in which of good examples are so many, 

This Ortyard of Alcinous in which there wants not any 

Herb, tree, or frute that may mans use for health or pleasure serve, 

This plenteous home of Acheloy which justly dooth deserve 

Too beare the name of treasorie of knowledge, I present 

Too your good Lordship once ageine not as a member rent 

Or parted from the resdew of the body any more : , 

But fully now accomplished, desiring you therefore 

Too let your noble courtesie and favor countervayle 

My faults where Art or eloquence on my behalf dooth fayle. 590 

For sure the marke whereat I shoote is neyther wreathes of bay, 

Nor name of Poet, no nor meede : but cheefly that it may 

Bee lyked well of you and all the wise and lerned sort, 

And next that every wyght that shall have pleasure for to sport 

Him in this gardeine, may as well beare wholsome frute away 

As only on the pleasant flowres his rechlesse senses stay. 

But why seeme I theis doubts too cast, as if that he who tooke 

12 



With favor and with gentlenesse a parcell of the booke 

Would not likewyse accept the whole ? or even as if that they 

Who doo excell in wisdome and in lerning, would not wey 600 

A wyse and lerned woorke aryght ? or else as if that I 

Ought ay too have a speciall care how all men doo apply 

My dooings too their owne behoof? as of the former twayne 

I have great hope and confidence : so would I also fayne 

The other should according too good meening find successe : 

If otherwyse, the fault is theyrs not not myne they must confesse, 

And therefore breefly too conclude, I turne ageine too thee 

O noble Erie of Leycester, whose lyfe God graunt may bee 

As long in honor, helth and welth as auncient Nestors was, 

Or rather as Tithonussis : that all such students as 610 

Doo travell too enrich our toong with knowledge heretofore 

Not common too our vulgar speech, may dayly more and more 

Proceede through thy good furtherance and favor in the same, 

Too all mens profit and delyght, and thy eternall fame. 

And that (which is a greater thing) our natyve country may 

Long tyme enjoy thy counsell and thy travell too her stay. 

At Barwicke the xx. of Aprill, 1567. 

Your good L. most humbly too commaund 

ARTHUR GOLDING. 



r 3 




THE PREFACE. 

TOO THE READER. 

WOULD not wish the simple sort offended for too bee, 
When in this booke the heathen names of feyned Godds they see. 
The trewe and everliving God the Paynims did not knowe : 
Which caused them the name of Godds on creatures too bestowe. 
? j For nature beeing once corrupt and knowledge blynded quyght 
By Adams fall, those little seedes and sparkes of heavenly lyght 
That did as yit remayne in man, endevering foorth to burst 
And wanting grace and powre too growe too that they were at furst, 
Too superstition did decline : and drave the fearefull mynd, 
Straunge woorshippes of the living God in creatures for too fynd. ro 

The which by custome taking roote, and growing so too strength, 
Through Sathans help possest the hartes of all the world at length. 
Some woorshipt al the hoste of heaven : some deadmens ghostes & bones : 
Sum wicked feends : sum woormes & fowles, herbes, fishes, trees & stones. 
The fyre, the ayre, the sea, the land, and every roonning brooke, 
Eche queachie grove, eche cragged clifFe the name of Godhead tooke. 
The nyght and day, the fleeting howres, the seasons of the yeere, 
And every straunge and monstruous thing, for Godds mistaken weere. 
There was no vertue, no nor vice : there was no gift of mynd 
Or bodye, but some God thertoo or Goddesse was assignde. 20 

Of health and sicknesse, lyfe and death, of needinesse and wealth, 
Of peace and warre, of love and hate, of murder, craft and stealth, 
Of bread and wyne, of slouthfull sleepe, and of theyr solemne games, 
And every other tryfling toy theyr Goddes did beare the names. 
And looke how every man was bent too goodnesse or too ill, 
He did surmyse his foolish Goddes enclyning too his will. 
For God perceyving mannes pervers and wicked will too sinne 
Did give him over too his lust too sinke or swim therin. 
By meanes wherof it came too passe (as in this booke yee see) 
That all theyr Goddes with whoordome, theft, or murder blotted bee, 30 

Which argues them too bee no Goddes, but woorser in effect 
Than they whoose open poonishment theyr dooings dooth detect. 
Whoo seeing Jove (whom heathen folke dob arme with triple fyre) 
In shape of Eagle, bull or swan too winne his foule desyre? 
Or grysly Mars theyr God of warre intangled in a net 
By Venus husband purposely too trappe him warely set? 
Whoo seeing Saturne eating up the children he begate? 
Or Venus dalying wantonly with every lustie mate ? 
Whoo seeing Juno play the scold ? or Phoebus moorne and rew 
For losse of hir whom in his rage through jealous moode he slew? 40 

Or else the suttle Mercurie that beares the charmed rod 
Conveying neate and hyding them would take him for a God ? 
For if theis faultes in mortall men doo justly merit blame, 
What greater madnesse can there bee than too impute the same 
Too Goddes, whoose natures ought too bee most perfect, pure and bright, 

*5 






Most vertuous, holly, chaast, and wyse, most full of grace and lyght? 

But as there is no Christen man that can surmyse in mynd 

That theis or other such are Goddes which are no Goddes by kynd : 

So would too God there were not now of christen men profest, 

That worshipt in theyr deedes theis Godds whose names they doo detest. 50 

Whoose lawes wee keepe his thralles wee bee, and he our God indeede. 

So long is Christ our God as wee in christen lyfe proceede. 

But if wee yeeld too fleshlye lust, too lucre, or too wrath, 

Or if that Envy, Gluttony, or Pryde the maystry hath, 

Or any other kynd of sinne the thing the which wee serve, 

Too bee accounted for our God most justly dooth deserve. 

Then must wee thinke the learned men that did theis names frequent, 

Some further things and purposes by those devises ment. 

By Jove and Juno understand all states of princely port : 

By Ops and Saturne auncient folke that are of elder sort : 60 

By Phcebus yoong and lusty brutes of hand and courage stout : 

By Mars the valeant men of warre that love too feight it out : 

By Pallas and the famous troupe of all the Muses nyne, 

Such folke as in the sciences and vertuous artes doo shyne. 

By Mercurie the suttle sort that use too filch and lye, 

With theeves, and Merchants whoo too gayne theyr travell doo applye. 

By Bacchus all the meaner trades and handycraftes are ment : 

By Venus such as of the fleshe too filthie lust are bent, 

By Neptune such as keepe the seas : By Phebe maydens chast, 

And Pilgrims such as wandringly theyr tyme in travell waste. 70 

By Pluto such as delve in mynes, and Ghostes of persones dead : 

By Vulcane smythes and such as woorke in yron, tynne or lead. 

By Hecat witches, Conjurers, and Necromancers reede: 

With all such vayne and devlish artes as superstition breede. 

By Satyres, Sylvanes, Nymphes and Faunes with other such besyde, 

The playne and simple country folke that every where abyde. 

I know theis names too other thinges oft may and must agree : 

In declaration of the which I will not tedious bee, 

But leave them too the Readers will too take in sundry wyse, 

As matter rysing giveth cause constructions too devyse. 80 

Now when thou readst of God or man, in stone, in beast, or tree 

It is a myrrour for thy self thyne owne estate too see. 

For under feyned names of Goddes it was the Poets guyse, 

The vice and faultes of all estates too taunt in covert wyse. 

And likewyse too extoll with prayse such things as doo deserve. 

Observing alwayes comlynesse from which they doo not swarve. 

And as the persone greater is of birth, renowne or fame, 

The greater ever is his laud, or fouler is his shame. 

For if the States that on the earth the roome of God supply, 

Declyne from vertue untoo vice and live disorderly, 90 

Too Eagles, Tygres, Bulks, and Beares, and other figures straunge, 

Bothe too theyr people and themselves most hurtfull doo they chaunge, 

And when the people give themselves too filthie life and sinne, 

What other kinde of shape thereby than filthie can they winne? 

So was Licaon made a Woolfe : and Jove became a Bull : 

The tone for using crueltie, the toother for his trull. 

16 



So was Elpenor and his mates transformed intoo swyne, 

For following of theyr fllthie lust in women and in wyne. 

Not that they lost theyr manly shape as too the outward showe : 

But for that in their brutish brestes most beastly lustes did growe. ioo 

For why this lumpe of flesh and bones, this bodie is not wee : 

Wee are a thing which earthly eyes denyed are too see. 

Our soule is wee, endewd by God with reason from above : 

Our bodie is but as our house, in which wee woorke and move. 

Tone part is common too us all, with God of heaven himself: 

The toother common with the beastes, a vyle and stinking pelf. 

The tone bedect with heavenly giftes and endlesse : toother grosse, 

Fraylie, filthie, weake, and borne too dye as made of earthly drosse. 

Now looke how long this clod of clay too reason dooth obey, 

So long for men by just desert account our selves wee may. 1 10 

But if wee suffer fleshly lustes as lawlesse Lordes too reigne, 

Than are we beastes, wee are no men, wee have our name in vaine. 

And if wee be so drownd in vice that feeling once bee gone, 

Then may it well of us bee sayd, wee are a block or stone. 

This surely did the Poets meene when in such sundry wyse 

The pleasant tales of turned shapes they studyed too devyse. 

There purpose was too profite men, and also too delyght 

And so too handle every thing as best might like the sight. 

For as the Image portrayd out in simple whight and blacke 

(Though well proportiond, trew and faire) if comly colours lacke, 1 20 

Delyghteth not the eye so much, nor yet contentes the mynde 

So much as that that shadowed is with colours in his kynde : 

Even so a playne and naked tale or storie simply told 

(Although the matter bee in deede of valewe more than gold) 

Makes not the hearer so attent too print it in his hart, 

As when the thing is well declarde, with pleasant termes and art. 

All which the Poets knew right well : and for the greater grace, 

As Persian kings did never go abrode with open face, 

But with some lawne or silken skarf, for reverence of theyr state : 

Even so they folowing in their woorkes the selfsame trade and rate, 130 

Did under covert names and termes theyr doctrines so emplye, 

As that it is ryght darke and hard theyr meening too espye. 

But beeing found it is more sweete and makes the mynd more glad, 

Than if a man of tryed gold a treasure gayned had. 

For as the body hath his joy in pleasant smelles and syghts : 

Even so in knowledge and in artes the mynd as much delights. 

Wherof aboundant hoordes and heapes in Poets packed beene 

So hid that (saving untoo fewe) they are not too bee seene. 

And therfore whooso dooth attempt the Poets woorkes too reede, 

Must bring with him a stayed head and judgement too proceede. 140 

For as there bee most wholsome hestes and precepts too bee found, 

So are theyr rockes and shallowe shelves too ronne the ship a ground. 

Some naughtie persone seeing vyce shewd lyvely in his hew, 

Dooth take occasion by and by like vices too ensew. 

Another beeing more severe than wisdome dooth requyre, 

Beeholding vice (too outward shewe) exalted in desyre, 

Condemneth by and by the booke and him that did it make, 

d 17 



And willes it too be burnd with fyre for lewd example sake. 

These persons overshoote themselves, and other folkes deceyve : 

Not able of the authors mynd the meening too conceyve. 1 50 

The Authors purpose is too paint and set before our eyes 

The lyvely Image of the thoughts that in our stomackes ryse. 

Eche vice and vertue seemes too speake and argue too our face, 

With such perswasions as they have theyr dooinges too embrace. 

And if a wicked persone seeme his vices too exalt, 

Esteeme not him that wrate the woorke in such defaultes too halt, 

But rather with an upryght eye consyder well thy thought : 

See if corrupted nature hane the like within thee wrought : 

Marke what affection dooth perswade in every kynd of matter: 

Judge if that even in heynous crymes thy fancy doo not flatter. 160 

And were it not for dread of lawe or dread of God above, 

Most men (I feare) would doo the things that fond affections move. 

Then take theis woorkes as fragrant flowers most full of pleasant juce 

The which the Bee conveying home may put too wholsome use : 

And which the spyder sucking on too poyson may convert, 

Through venym spred in all her limbes and native in hir hart. 

For too the pure and Godly mynd, are all things pure and cleene, 

And untoo such as are corrupt the best corrupted beene : 

Lyke as the fynest meates and drinkes that can bee made by art, 

In sickly folkes too nourishment of sicknesse doo convert. 170 

And therefore not regarding snch whose dyet is so fyne 

That nothing can digest with them onlesse it bee devine, 

Nor such as too theyr proper harme doo wrest and wring awrye 

The thinges that too a good intent are written pleasantly : 

Through Ovids woorke of turned shapes I have with peinfull pace 

Past on, untill I had atteynd the end of all my race. 

And now I have him made so well acquainted with our toong, 

As that he may in English verse as in his owne bee soong. 

Wherein although for pleasant style, I cannot make account, 

Too match myne author, who in that all other dooth surmount : 1 80 

Yit (gende Reader) I doo trust my travell in this cace 

May purchace favour in thy sight my dooings too embrace : 

Considring what a sea of goodes and Jewelles thou shalt fynd, 

Not more delyghtfull too the eare than frutefull too the mynd. 

For this doo lerned persons deeme, of Ovids present woorke : 

That in no one of all his bookes the which he wrate, doo lurke 

Mo darke and secret misteries, mo counselles wyse and sage, 

Mo good ensamples, mo reprooves of vyce in youth and age, 

Mo ryne inventions too delight, mo matters clerkly knit, 

No nor more straunge varietie too shew a lerned wit. 190 

The high, the lowe : the riche, the poore : the mayster, and the slave : 

The mayd, the wife : the man, the chyld : the simple and the brave : 

The yoong, the old: the good, the bad : the warriour strong and stout: 

The wyse, the foole : the countrie cloyne : the lerned and the lout : 

And every other living wight shall in this mirrour see 

His whole estate, thoughtes, woordes and deedes expresly shewd too bee. 

Whereof if more particular examples thou doo crave, 

In reading the Epistle through thou shalt thy longing have. 

18 



Moreover thou mayst fynd herein descriptions of the tymes : 

With constellacions of the starres and pianettes in theyr clymes : 200 

The Sites of Countries, Cities, hilles, seas, forestes, playnes and floods : 

The natures both of fowles, beastes, wormes, herbes, mettals, stones and woods, 

And finally what ever thing is straunge and delectable, 

The same conveyed shall you fynd most featly in some fable. 

And even as in a cheyne, eche linke within another wynds, 

And both with that that went before and that that followes binds : 

So every tale within this booke dooth seeme too take his ground 

Of that that was reherst before, and enters in the bound 

Of that that folowes after it : and every one gives light 

Too other: so that whoo so meenes too understand them ryght, 210 

Must have a care as well too know the thing that went before, 

As that the which he presently desyres too see so sore. 

Now too thintent that none have cause heereafter too complaine 

Of mee as setter out of things that are but lyght and vaine : 

If any stomacke be so weake as that it cannot brooke, 

The lively setting forth of things described in this booke, 

I give him counsell too absteine untill he bee more strong, 

And for too use Ulysses feat ageinst the Meremayds song. 

Or if he needes will heere and see and wilfully agree 

(Through cause misconstrued) untoo vice allured for too bee : 220 

Then let him also marke the peine that dooth therof ensue, 

And hold himself content with that that too his fault is due. 



FINIS. 



19 




f THE FIRST BOOKE OF OVIDS METAMORPHOSIS, 

translated into Englyshe Meter. 

F shapes transformde to bodies straunge, I purpose to entreate ; 
Ye gods vouchsafe (for you are they y wrought this wodrous feate) 
To further this mine enterprise. And from the world begunne, 
Graunt that my verse may to my time, his course directly runne 
Before the Sea and Land were made, and Heaven that all doth hide, 
In all the worlde one onely face of nature did abide, 
Which Chaos hight,a huge rude heape,and nothing else but even 
A heavie lump and clottred clod of seedes togither driven 
Of things at strife among themselves for want of order due. 
No sunne as yet with lightsome beames the shapelesse world did vew. 10 

No Moone in growing did repayre hir homes with borowed light. 
Nor yet the earth amiddes the ayre did hang by wondrous slight 
Just peysed by hir proper weight. Nor winding in and out 
Did Amphitrytee with hir armes embrace the earth about. 
For where was earth, was sea and ayre : so was the earth unstable, 
The ayre all darke, the sea likewise to beare a ship unable. 
No kinde of thing had proper shape, but ech confounded other. 
For in one self same bodie strove the hote and colde togither, 
The moyst with drie, the soft with hard, the light with things of weight. 
This strife did God and Nature breake, and set in order streight. 20 

The earth from heaven, the sea from earth he parted orderly, 
And from the thicke and foggie ayre, he tooke the lightsome skie, 
Which when he once unfolded had, and severed from the blinde 
And clodded heape, He setting ech from other did them binde 
In endlesse freendship too agree. The fire most pure and bright, 
The substance of the heaven it self, bicause it was so light 
Did mount aloft, and set it selfe in highest place of all. 
The second roume of right to ayre, for lightnesse did befall. 
The earth more grosse drew down with it eche weighty kinde of matter, 
And set it self in lowest place. Againe, the waving water 30 

Did lastly chalenge for his place the utmost coast and bound, 
Of all the compasse of the earth, to close the stedfast ground. 
Now when he in this foresaid wise (what God so ere he was) 
Had broke and into members put this rude confused masse : 
Then first bicause in every part, the earth should equall bee, 
He made it like a mighty ball, in compasse as we see. 
And here and there he cast in seas, to whome he gave a lawe 
To swell with every blast of winde, and every stormie flawe, 
And with their waves continually to beate upon the shore 

Of all the earth within their boundes enclosde by them afore. 40 

Moreover, Springs and mighty Meeres and Lakes he did augment, 
And flowing streames of crooked brookes in winding bankes he pent. 
Of which the earth doth drinke up some, and some with restlesse race, 
Do seeke the sea : where finding scope of larger roume and space, 
In steade of bankes, they beate on shores. He did comaund the plaine 

21 



And champion groundes to stretch out wide : and valleys to remaine 

Ay underneath : and eke the woods to hide them decently 

With tender leaves : and stonie hilles to lift themselves on hie. 

And as two Zones doe cut the Heaven upon the righter syde, 

And other twaine upon the left likewise the same devide, 50 

The middle in outragious heat exceeding all the rest : 

Even so likewise through great foresight too God it seemed best, 

The earth encluded in the same should so devided bee, 

As with the number of the Heaven, hir Zones myght full agree. 

Of which the middle Zone in heate, the utmost twaine in colde 

Exceede so farre, that there to dwell no creature dare be bolde. 

Betweene these two so great extremes, two other Zones are fixt, 

Where temprature of heate and colde indifferently is mixt. 

Now over this doth hang the Ayre, which as it is more fleightie 

Than earth or water : so ageine than fire it is more weightie. 60 

There hath he placed mist and cloudes, and for to feare mens mindes, 

The thunder and the lightning eke, with colde and blustring windes, 

But yet the maker of the worlde permitteth not alway, 

The windes to use the ayre at will. For at this present day, 

Though ech from other placed be in sundry coasts aside : 

The violence of their boystrous blasts things scarsly can abide. 

They so turmoyle as though they would the world in pieces rend, 

So cruell is those brothers wrath when that they doe contend. 

And therefore to the morning graye, the Realme of Nabathie, 

To Persis and to other lands and countries that doe lie 70 

Farre underneath the Morning starre, did Eurus take his flight 

Likewise the setting of the Sunne and shutting in of night 

Belong to Zephyr. And the blasts of blustring Boreas raigne 

In Scythia and in other landes set under Charles his waine. 

And unto Auster doth belong the coast of all the South, 

Who beareth shoures and rotten mistes, continuall in his mouth. 

Above all these he set aloft the cleere and lightsome skie, 

Without all dregs of earthly filth or grossenesse utterlie. 

The boundes of things were scarcely yet by him thus pointed out, 

But that appeared in the heaven starres glistring all about, 80 

Which in the said confused heape had hidden bene before. 

And to thintent with lively things eche Region for to store, 

The heavenly soyle, to Gods and Starres and Planets first he gave. 

The waters next both fresh and Salt he let the fishes have. 

The sutde ayre to flickring fowles and birdes he hath assignde. 

The earth to beasts both wilde and tame of sundrie sort and kinde. 

Howbeit yet of all this while the creature wanting was, 

Farre more devine, of nobler minde, which should the residue passe 

In depth of knowledge, reason, wit, and high capacitie, 

And which of all the residue should the Lord and ruler bee. 90 

Then eyther he that made the worlde, and things in order set, 

Of heavenly seede engendred Man : or else the earth as yet 

Yong, lustie, fresh, and in hir floures, and parted from the skie, 

But late before, the seede thereof as yet held inwardlie. 

The which Prometheus tempring straight with water of the spring 

Did make in likenesse to the Gods that governe everie thing. 

22 



And where all other beasts behold the ground with groveling eie, 

He gave to Man a stately looke replete with majestic 

And willde him to behold the Heaven wyth countnance cast on hie, 

To marke and understand what things were in the starrie skye. ioo 

And thus the earth which late before had neyther shape nor hew 

Did take the noble shape of man and was transformed new. 

Then sprang up first the golden age, which of it selfe maintainde, 
The truth and right of every thing unforst and unconstrainde. 
There was no feare of punishment, there was no threatning lawe 
In brazen tables nayled up, to keepe the folke in awe. 
There was no man would crouch or creepe to Judge with cap in hand, 
They lived safe without a Judge in every Realme and lande. 
The loftie Pynetree was not hewen from mountaines where it stood, 
In seeking straunge and forren landes to rove upon the flood. no 

Men knew none other countries yet, than were themselves did keepe : 
There was no towne enclosed yet, with walles and ditches deepe. 
No home nor trumpet was in use, no sword nor helmet worne. 
The worlde was suche, that souldiers helpe might easly be forborne. 
The fertile earth as yet was free, untoucht of spade or plough, 
And yet it yeelded of it selfe of every things inough. 
And men themselves contented well with plaine and simple foode, 
That on the earth by natures gift without their travell stoode, 
Did live by Raspis, heppes and hawes, by cornelles, plummes and cherries, 
By sloes and apples, nuttes and peares, and lothsome bramble berries, 120 

And by the acornes dropt on ground from Joves brode tree in fielde. 
The Springtime lasted all the yeare, and Zephyr with his milde 
And gende blast did cherish things that grew of owne accorde. 
The ground untilde, all kinde of fruits did plenteously avorde. 
No mucke nor tillage was bestowde on leane and barren land, 
To make the corne of better head and ranker for too stand. 
Then streames ran milke, then streames ran wine, and yellow honny flowde 
From ech greene tree whereon the rayes of firie Phebus glowde. 
But when that into Lymbo once Saturnus being thrust, 
The rule and charge of all the worlde was under Jove unjust, 130 

And that the silver age came in more somewhat base than golde, 
More precious yet than freckled brasse, immediatly the olde 
And auncient Spring did Jove abridge and made therof anon, 
Foure seasons : Winter, Sommer, Spring, and Autumne of and on. 
Then first of all began the ayre with fervent heate to swelt. 
Then Isycles hung roping downe : then for the colde was felt 
Men gan to shroud themselves in house : their houses were the thickes, 
And bushie queaches, hollow caves, or hardels made of stickes. 
Then first of all were furrowes drawne, and corne was cast in ground. 
The simple Oxe with sorie sighes, to heavie yoke was bound. 140 

Next after this succeeded streight, the third and brazen age : 
More hard of nature, somewhat bent to cruell warres and rage, 
But yet not wholy past all grace. Of yron is the last 
In no part good and tractable as former ages past. 
For when that of this wicked age once opened was the veyne 
Therein all mischief rushed forth, then Fayth and Truth were faine 
And honest shame to hide their heades : for whom stept stoutly in, 

23 



Craft, Treason, Violence, Envie, Pryde and wicked Lust to win. 
The shipman hoyst his sailes to wind, whose names he did not knowe : 
And shippes thet erst in toppes of hilles and mountaines had ygrowe, 150 

Did leape and daunce on uncouth waves : and men began to bound, 
With dowles and diches drawen in length the free and fertile ground, 
Which was as common as the Ayre and light of Sunne before. 
Not onely corne and other fruites, for sustnance and for store, 
Were now exacted of the earth : but eft they gan to digge 
And in the bowels of the ground unsaciably to rigge, 
For Riches coucht and hidden deepe in places nere to Hell, 
The spurres and stirrers unto vice, and foes to doing well. 
Then hurtfull yron came abrode, then came forth yellow golde 
More hurtfull than the yron farre, then came forth battle bolde 160 

That feightes with both, and shakes his sword in cruell bloudy hand. 
Men live by ravine and by stelth : the wandring guest doth stand 
In daunger of his host : the host in daunger of his guest : 
And fathers of their sonne in laws : yea seldome time doth rest 
Betweene borne brothers such accord and love as ought to bee, 
The goodman seekes the goodwives death, and his againe seekes shee. 
The stepdames fell their husbands sonnes with poyson do assayle. 
To see their fathers live so long the children doe bewayle. 
All godlynesse lyes under foote. And Ladie Astrey last 

Of heavenly vertues from this earth in slaughter drowned past. 1 70 

And to thintent the earth alone thus should not be opprest, 
And heaven above in slouthfull ease and carelesse quiet rest, 
fl Men say that Giantes went about the Realme of Heaven to win 
To place themselves to raigne as Gods and lawlesse Lordes therein. 
And hill on hill they heaped up aloft unto the skie, 
Till God almighty from the Heaven did let his thunder flie, 
The dint whereof the ayrie tops on high Olympus brake, 
And pressed Pelion violently from under Ossa strake. 
When whelmed in their wicked worke those cursed Caitives lay, 
The Earth their mother tooke their bloud yet warme and (as they say) 1 80 

Did give it life. And for bicause some ympes should still remaine 
Of that same stocke, she gave it shape and limmes of men againe. 
This offspring eke against the Gods did beare a native spight, 
In slaughter and in doing wrong was all their whole delight. 
Their deedes declared them of bloud engendred for to bee. 
The which as soone as Saturns sonne from heaven aloft did see, 
He fetcht a sigh, and therewithal! revolving in his thought 
The shamefull act which at a feast Lycaon late had wrought, 
As yet unknowne or blowne abrode : He gan thereat to storme 
And stomacke like an angry Jove. And therefore to reforme 190 

Such haynous actes, he sommonde streight his Court of Parliament, 
Whereto resorted all the Gods that had their sommons sent. 
Highe in the Welkin is a way apparant too the sight. 
In starrie nights, which of his passing whitenesse milkie hight : 
It is the streete that too the Court and Princely Pallace leades, 
Of mightic Jove whose thunderclaps eche living creature dreades. 
On both the sides of this same waye do stand in stately port 
The sumptuous houses of the Pieres. For all the common sort 

24 



Dwell scattring here and there abrode : the face of all the skie, 
The houses of the chiefe estates and Princes doe supplie. 200 

And sure and if I may be bolde too speake my fancie free 
I take this place of all the Heaven the Pallace for to bee. 
Now when the Gods assembled were, and eche had tane his place 
Jove standing up aloft and leaning on his yvorie Mace, 
Right dreadfully his bushie lokes did thrise or foure tymes shake, 
Wherewith he made both sea and land and Heaven it self to quake, 
And afterward in wrathfull wordes his angrie minde thus brake. 
I never was in greater care nor more perplexitie, 
How to maintaine my soveraigne state and Princelie royaltie, 
When with their hundredth handes a peece the Adderfooted rout 210 

Did practise for to conquere Heaven and for to cast us out. 
For though it were a cruell foe : yet did that warre depende 
Upon one ground, and in one stocke it had his finall ende ; 
But now as farre as any sea about the worlde doth winde, 
I must destroy both man and beast and all the mortall kinde, 
I sweare by Styxes hideous streames that run within the ground, 
All other meanes must first be sought : but when there can be found 
No helpe to heale a festred sore, it must away be cut, 
Least that the partes that yet are sound, in daunger should be put, 
We have a number in the worlde that mans estate surmount, 220 

Of such whom for their private Gods the countrie folkes account, 
As Satyres, Faunes, and sundry Nymphes, with Si/vanes eke beside, 
That in the woods and hillie grounds continually abide. 
Whome into heaven since that as yet we vouch not safe to take, 
And of the honour of this place copartners for to make, 
Such landes as to inhabite in, we erst to them assignde, 
That they should still enjoye the same, It is my will and minde ? 
But can you thinke that they in rest and safetie shall remaine 
When proud Lycaon laye in waite by secret meanes and traine, 
To have confounded me your Lorde, who in my hand doe beare 230 

The dreadfull thunder, and of whom even you doe stand in feare ? 
The house was moved at his words and earnestly requirde, 
The man that had so traiterously against theyr Lord conspirde. 
Even so when Rebels did arise to stroy the Romane name 
By shedding of our Cesars bloud, the horror of the same 
Did perce the heartes of all mankind, and made the world to quake, 
Whose fervent zeale in thy behalfe (O August) thou didst take 
As thankfully as Jove doth heere the loving care of his 
Who beckning to them with his hand, forbiddeth them to hisse, 
And therewithall through all the house attentive silence is. 
Assoone as that his majestie all muttring had alayde, 
He brake the silence once againe, and thus unto them sayde : 242 

Let passe this carefull thought of yours : for he that did offende, 
Hath dearely bought the wicked Act the which hee did entende. 
Yet shall you heare what was his fault and vengeance for the same. 
A foule report and infamie unto our hearing came 
Of mischiefe used in those times : which wishing all untrew 
I did descend in shape of man, th' infamed Earth to vew. 
It were a processe overlong to tell you of the sinne, 

E 25 



That did abound in every place where as I entred in. 250 

The brute was lesser than the truth and partiall in report. 

The dreadfull dennes of Menalus where savage beasts resort, 

And Cyllen had I overpast, with all the Pynetrees hie 

Of cold Lyceus, and from thence I entred by and by 

The herbroughlesse and cruell house of late Th'arcadian King, 

Such time as twilight on the Earth dim darknesse gan to bring. 

I gave a signe that God was come, and streight the common sort 

Devoutly prayde, whereat Lycaon first did make a sport 

And after said : by open proufe ere long I minde to see, 

If that this wight a mighty God of mortall creature bee. 260 

The truth shall trie it selfe : he ment (the sequele did declare) 

To steale upon me in the night and kyll me unbeware. 

And yet he was not so content : but went and cut the throte, 

Of one that laye in hostage there which was an Epyrote: 

And part of him he did to rost, and part he did to stew. 

Which when it came upon the borde, forthwith I overthrew 

The house with just revenging fire upon the owners hed, 

Whoo seeing that, slipt out of doores amazde for feare, and fled 

Into the wild and desert woods, where being all alone, 

As he endevorde (but in vaine) to speake and make his mone, 270 

He fell a howling: wherewithall for verie rage and moode 

He ran me quite out of his wits and waxed furious woode, 

Still practising his wonted lust of slaughter on the poore 

And sielie cattle, thirsting still for bleud as heretofore. 

His garments turnde to shackie heare, his armes to rugged pawes : 

So is he made a ravening Woolf : whose shape expressely drawes 

To that the which he was before : his skinne is horie graye, 

His looke still grim with glaring eyes, and every kinde of waye 

His cruell hart in outward shape dooth well it self bewraye. 

Thus was one house destroyed quite: but that one house alone 280 

Deserveth not to bee destroyde : in all the Earth is none, 

But that such vice doth raigne therein, as that ye would beleve, 

That all had sworne and solde themselves too mischiefe, us to greve. 

And therefore as they all ofFende : so am I fully bent, 

That all forthwith (as they deserve) shall have due punishment. 

These wordes of Jove some of the Gods did openly approve, 

And with their sayings more to wrath his angry courage move. 
And some did give assent by signes. Yet did it grieve them all 
That such destruction utterly on all mankinde should fall. 

Demaunding what he purposed with all the Earth to doe, 290 

When that he had all mortall men so cleane destroyde, and whoe 
On holie Altars afterward should offer frankinsence, 
And whother that he were in minde to leave the Earth from thence 
To savage beasts to wast and spoyle bicause of mans offence. 

The king of Gods bade cease their thought and questions in that case, 

And cast the care thereof on him : within a little space, 
He promist for to frame a newe, an other kinde of men 
By wondrous meanes, unlike the first to fill the world agen. 
And now his lightning he had thought on all the earth to throw, 
But that he feared least the flames perhaps so hie should grow 300 

26 



As for too set the Heaven on fire, and burne up all the skie. 

He did remember furthermore how that by destinie 

A certaine tyme should one day come wherein both Sea and Lond 

And heaven it self should feele the force of Vulcans scorching brond, 

So that the huge and goodly worke of all the world so wide 

Should go to wrecke : for doubt whereof forthwith he laide aside 

His weapons that the Cyclops made, intending to correct 

Mans trespasse by a punishment contrary in effect. 

And namely with incessant showres from heaven ypoured downe. 

He did determine with himself the mortall kinde to drowne, 310 

In Aeolus prison by and by he fettred Boreas fast, 

With al such winds as chafe y cloudes, or break them with their blast, 
And set at large the Southerne winde : who straight with watry wings 
And dreadfull face as blacke as pitch, forth out of prison flings. 
His beard hung full of hideous stormes, all dankish was his head, 
With water streaming downe his haire that on his shoulders shead. 
His ugly forehead wrinckled was with fogge mistes full thicke, 
And on his fethers and his breast a stilling dew did sticke. 
Assoone as he betweene his hands the hanging clouds had crusht, 
With ratling noyse adowne from heaven the raine full sadly gusht. 320 

The Rainbow Junos messenger bedect in sundrie hue, 
To maintaine moysture in the cloudes, great waters thither drue : 
The corne was beaten to the grounde, the Tilmans hope of gaine, 
For which he toyled all the yeare, lay drowned in the raine. 
Joves indignation and his wrath began to grow so hot, 
That for to quench the rage therof, his Heaven suffisde not 
His brother Neptune with his waves was faine to doe him ease : 
Who straight assembling all the streames that fall into the seas, 
Said to them standing in his house : Sirs get you home apace, 
(You must not looke too have me use long preaching in this case.) 330 

Poure out your force (for so is neede) your heads ech one unpende, 
And from your open springs, your streames with flowing waters sende 
He had no sooner said the word, but that returning backe, 
Eche one of them unlosde his spring, and let his waters slacke. 
And to the Sea with flowing streames yswolne above their bankes, 
One rolling in anothers necke, they rushed forth by rankes. 
Hinselfe with his threetyned Mace, did lend the earth a blow, 
That made it shake and open wayes for waters forth too flow. 
The flouds at randon where they list through all the fields did stray, 
Men, beastes, trees, corne, and with their gods, were Churches washt away. 340 
If any house were built so strong, against their force to stond, 
Yet did the water hide the top : and turrets in that ponde 
Were overwhelmde : no difference was betweene the sea and ground, 
For all was sea : there was no shore nor landing to be found. 
Some climbed up to tops of hils, and some rowde to and fro 
In Botes, where they not long before to plough and Cart did go, 
One over corne and tops of townes whom waves did overwhelme 
Doth saile in ship, an other sittes a fishing in an Elme. 
In meddowes greene were Anchors cast (so fortune did provide) 
And crooked ships did shadow vynes, the which the floud did hide. 350 

And where but tother day before did feede the hungry Gote, 

27 



The ugly Seales and Porkepisces now to and fro did flote. 
The Seanymphes wondred under waves the townes and groves to see, 
And Dolphines playd among the tops and boughes of every tree. 
The grim and greedy Wolfe did swim among the siely sheepe, 
The Lion and the Tyger fierce were borne upon the deepe. 
It booted not the foming Boare his crooked tuskes to whet, 
The running Hart could in the streame by swiftnesse nothing get. 
The fleeting fowles long having sought for land to rest upon, 
Into the sea with werie wings were driven too fall anon. 360 

Th'outragious swelling of the Sea the lesser hillockes drownde. 
Unwonted waves on highest tops of mountaynes did rebownde. 
The greatest part of men were drownde, and such as scapte the floode 
Forlorne with fasting overlong did die for want of foode. 
Against the fieldes of ASnie and Atticke lyes a lande, 
That Phocis hight, a fertile ground while that it was a lande : 
But at that time a part of Sea, and even a champion fielde 
Of sodaine waters which the floud by forced rage did yeelde. 
Where as a hill with forked top the which Parnasus hight, 

Doth pierce the cloudes and to the starres doth raise his head upright. 370 

When at this hill (for yet the sea had whelmed all beside) 
Deucalion and his bedfellow, without all other guide, 
Arrived in a little Barke immediatly they went, 
And to the Nymphes of Corycus with full devout intent 
Did honor due, and to the Gods to whom that famous hill 
Was sacred, and too Themis eke in whose most holie will 
Consisted then the Oracles. In all the world so rounde 
A better nor more righteous man could never yet be founde 
Than was Deucalion, nor againe a woman mayde nor wife, 

That feared God so much as shee, nor led so good a life. 380 

When Jove behelde how all the world stoode lyke a plash of raine, 
And of so many thousand men and women did remaine 
But one of eche, howbeit those both just and both devout, 
He brake the cloudes, and did commaund that Boreas with his stout 
And sturdie blasts should chase the floud, that Earth might see the skie 
And Heaven the Earth : the Seas also began immediatly 
Their raging furie for to cease. Their ruler laid awaye 
His dreadfull Mace, and with his wordes their woodnesse did alaye. 
He called Tryton too him straight his trumpetter, who stoode 
In purple robe on shoulder cast, aloft upon the floud. 390 

And bade him take his sounding Trump and out of hand too blow 
Retreat, that all the streames might heare, and cease from thence to flow 
He tooke his Trumpet in his hand, hys Trumpet was a shell 
Of some great Whelke or other fishe, in facion like a Bell 
That gathered narrow too the mouth, and as it did descende 
Did waxe more wide and writhen still, downe to the nether ende : 
When that this Trump amid the Sea was set to Trytons mouth, 
He blew so loude that all the streames both East, West, North and South, 
Might easly heare him blow retreate, and all that heard the sound 
Immediatly began to ebbe and draw within their bound. 400 

Then gan the Sea to have a shore, and brookes too fynde a bank, 
And swelling streames of flowing flouds within their chanels sanke. 

28 



Then hils did ryse above the waves that had them overflow, 

And as the waters did decrease the ground did seeme to grow. 

And after long and tedious time the trees did shew their tops 

All bare, save that upon the boughes the mud did hang in knops. 

The worlde restored was againe, which though Deucalion joyde 

Then to beholde : yet forbicause he saw the earth was voyde 

And silent like a wildernesse, with sad and weeping eyes 

And ruthfull voyce he then did speake to Pyrrha in this wise. 410 

O sister, O my loving spouse, O sielie woman left, 

As onely remnant of thy sex that water hath bereft, 
Whome Nature first by right of birth hath linked to me fast 
In that we brothers children bene : and secondly the chast 
And stedfast bond of lawfull bed : and lastly now of all, 
The present perils of the time that latelye did befall. 
On all the Earth from East to West where Phebus shewes his face 
There is no moe but thou and I of all the mortall race. 
The Sea hath swallowed all the rest : and scarsly are we sure, 
That our two lives from dreadfull death in safetie shall endure. 420 

For even as yet the duskie cloudes doe make my hart adrad. 
Alas poore wretched sielie soule, what heart wouldst thou have had 
To beare these heavie happes, if chaunce had let thee scape alone ? 
Who should have bene thy comfort then ? who should have rewd thy mone ? 
Now trust me truly loving wyfe had thou as now bene drownde, 
I would have followed after thee and in the sea bene fownde. 
Would God I could my fathers Arte, of claye too facion men 
And give them life that people might frequent the world agen. 
Mankinde (alas) doth onely now within us two consist, 
As mouldes whereby too facion men. For so the Gods doe list. 430 

And with these words the bitter teares did trickle down their cheeke, 

Untill at length betweene themselves they did agree too seeke 
To God by prayer for his grace, and to demaund his ayde 
By aunswere of his Oracle ; wherein they nothing stayde, 
But to Cephisus sadly went, whose streame as at that time 
Began to run within his bankes though thicke with muddie slime, 
Whose sacred liquor straight they tooke and sprinkled with the same 
Their heads and clothes : and afterward too Themis chappell came, 
The roofe whereof with cindrie mosse was almost overgrowne. 
For since the time the raging floud, the worlde had overflowne, 440 

No creature came within the Churche : so that the Altars stood 
Without one sparke of holie fyre or any sticke of wood. 
Assoone as that this couple came within the chappell doore, 
They fell downe flat upon the ground, and trembling kist the floore. 
And sayde : if prayer that proceedes from humble hart and minde 
May in the presence of the Gods such grace and favor finde 
As to appease their worthie wrath, then vouch thou safe to tell 
(O gentle Themis) how the losse that on our kinde befell, 
May now eftsoones recovered bee, and helpe us too repaire 
The world, which drowned under waves doth lie in great dispaire. 450 

The Goddesse moved with their sute, this answere did them make : 
Depart you hence : Go hille your heads, and let your garmentes slake, 
And both of you your Graundames bones behind your shoulders cast. 

2 9 



They stoode amazed at these wordes, tyll Pyrrha at the last, 

Refusing too obey the hest the whych the Goddesse gave, 

Brake silence, and with trembling cheere did meekely pardon crave. 

For sure she said she was afraid hir Graundames ghost to hurt 

By taking up hir buried bones to throw them in the durt. 

And with the aunswere here upon eftsoones in hand they go, 

The doubtfull woordes wherof they scan and canvas to and fro. 460 

Which done, Prometheus sonne began by counsell wise and sage 

His cousin germanes fearfulnesse thus gently too asswage. 

Well, eyther in these doubtfull words is hid some misterie, 

Whereof the Gods permit us not the meaning to espie, 

Or questionlesse and if the sence of inward sentence deeme 

Like as the tenour of the words apparantly doe seeme, 

It is no breach of godlynesse to doe as God doth bid. 

I take our Graundame for the earth, the stones within hir hid 

I take for bones, these are the bones the which are meaned heere. 

Though Titans daughter at this wise conjecture of hir fere 470 

Were somewhat moved : yet none of both did stedfast credit geve, 

So hardly could they in their hartes the heavenly hestes beleve. 

But what and if they made a proufe ? what harme could come therby ? 

They went their wayes, and veild their heades, and did their cotes untie, 

And at their backes did throw the stones by name of bones foretolde. 

The stones (who would beleve the thing, but that the time of olde 

Reportes it for a stedfast truth ? ) of nature tough and harde, 

Began too warre both soft and smoothe : and shortly afterwarde 

Too winne therwith a better shape: and as they did encrease, 

A mylder nature in them grew, and rudenesse gan to cease. 480 

For at the first their shape was such, as in a certaine sort 

Resembled man, but of the right and perfect shape came short. 

Even like to Marble ymages new drawne and roughly wrought, 

Before the Carver by his Arte to purpose hath them brought. 

Such partes of them where any juice or moysture did abound, 

Or else were earthie, turnd too flesh : and such as were so sound 

And harde as would not bow nor bende did turne too bones : againe, 

The part that was a veyne before, doth still his name retaine. 

Thus by the mightie powre of Gods ere longer time was past, 

The mankinde was restorde by stones the which a man did cast. 490 

And likewise also by the stones the which a woman threw, 

The womankinde repayred was and made againe of new. 

Of these are we the crooked ympes, and stonie race in deede, 

Bewraying by our toyling life, from whence we doe proceede. 

The lustie earth of owne accorde soone after forth did bring, 
According to their sundrie shapes eche other living thing, 
Assoone as that the moysture once caught heate against the Sunne, 
And that the fat and slimie mud in moorish groundes begunne 
To swell through warmth of Phebus beames, and that the fruitfull seede 
Of things well cherisht in the fat and lively soyle indeede, 500 

As in their mothers wombe, began in length of time too grow, 
To one or other kinde of shape wherein themselves to show. 
Even so when that the seven mouthed Nile the watrie fieldes forsooke, 
And to his auncient chanell eft his bridled streames betooke, 

30 



i 






So that the Sunne did heate the mud, the which he left behinde, 
The husbandmen that tilde the ground, among the cloddes did finde, 
Of sundrie creatures sundrie shapes : of which they spied some 
Even in the instant of their birth but newly then begonne, 
And some unperfect wanting brest or shoulders in such wise, 
That in one bodie oftentymes appeared to the eyes 510 

One halfe thereof alyve too bee, and all the rest beside 
Both voyde of lyfe and seemely shape, starke earth to still abyde. 
For when that moysture with the heate is tempred equally, 
They doe conceyve, and of them twaine engender by and by 
All kinde of things. For though that fire with water aye debateth 
Yet moysture mixt with equall heate all living things createth. 
And so those discordes in their kinde, one striving with the other, 
In generation doe agree and make one perfect mother. 
And therefore when the mirie earth bespred with slimie mud 
Brought over all but late before by violence of the flud, 520 

Caught heate by warmnesse of the Sunne and culmenesse of the skie : 
Things out of number in the worlde, forthwith it did applie. 
Whereof in part the like before in former times had bene, 
And some so straunge and ougly shapes as never erst were sene. 
In that she did such Monsters breede, was greatly to hir woe, 
But yet thou ougly Python wert engendred by hir thoe, 
A terror to the newmade folke, which never erst had knowne 
So foule a Dragon in their lyfe, so monstrously foregrowne ; 
So great a ground thy poyson paunch did underneath thee hide. 
The God of shooting who no where before that present tide 530 

Those kinde of weapons put in ure, but at the speckled Deare, 
Or at the Roes so wight of foote, a thousand shaftes well neere, 
Did on that hideous serpent spende : of which there was not one, 
But forced forth the venimd bloud along his sydes to gone. 
So that his quiver almost voyde, he nailde him to the grounde, 
And did him nobly at the last by force of shot confounde. 
And least that time might of this worke deface the worthy fame, 
He did ordeyne in mynde thereof a great and solemne game, > 

Which of the serpent that he slue of Pythians bare the name. J 

Where who so could the maistrie winne in feates of strength, or sleight 540 

Of hande or foote or rolling wheele, might claime to have of right, 
An Oken garland fresh and brave. There was not any wheare 
As yet a Bay : by meanes whereof was Phebus faine to weare > 

The leaves of every pleasant tree about his golden heare. J 

Peneian Daphne was the first where Phebus set his love, 
Which not blind chaunce but Cupids fierce and cruel wrath did move. 
The De/ian God but late before surprisde with passing pride 
For killing of the monstrous worme, the God of love espide, 
With bowe in hand alredy bent and letting arrowes go : 

To whome he sayd, and what hast thou thou wanton baby so 550 

With warlike weapons for to toy ? It were a better sight, 
To see this kinde of furniture on my two shoulders bright : 
Who when we list with stedfast hand both man and beast can wound, 
Who tother day wyth arrowes keene, have nayled to the ground 
The serpent Python so forswolne, whose filthie wombe did hide 

31 



So many acres of the grounde in which he did abide. 

Content thy selfe sonne, sorie loves to kindle with thy brand, 

For these our prayses to attaine thou must not take in hand. 

To him quoth Venus sonne againe, well Phebus I agree 

Thy bow to shoote at every beast, and so shall mine at thee. 560 

And looke how far that under God eche beast is put by kinde, 

So much thy glorie lesse than ours in shooting shalt thou finde. 

This saide, with drift of fethered wings in broken ayre he flue, 

And up the forkt and shadie top of Mount Parnasus drue. 

There from hys quiver full of shafts two arrowes did he take 

Of sundrie workes : tone causeth Love, the tother doth it slake. 

That causeth love, is all of golde with point full sharpe and bright, 

That chaseth love is blunt, whose Steele with leaden head is dight. 

The God this fired in the Nymph Peneis for the nones 

The tother perst Apollos hart and overraft his bones. 570 

Immediatly in smoldring heate of Love the tone did swelt, 

Againe the tother in hir heart no sparke nor motion felt. 

In woods and forrests is hir joy the savage beasts to chase, 

And as the price of all hir paine too take the skinne and case. 

Unwedded Phebe doth she haunt and follow as hir guide, 

Unordred doe hir tresses wave scarce in a fillet tide. 

Full many a wooer sought hir love : she lothing all the rout, 

Impacient and without a man walkes all the woods about. 

And as for Hymen, or for love, and wedlocke often sought, 

She tooke no care, they were the furthest end of all hir thought. 580 

Hir father many a time and oft would saye, my daughter deere 

Thow owest mee a sonneinlaw too bee thy lawfull feere. 

Hir father many a tyme and oft would say, my daughter deere 

Of Nephewes thou my debtour art, their Graundsires heart to cheere. 

She hating as a haynous crime the bond of bridely bed, 

Demurely casting downe hir eyes, and blushing somwhat red, 

Did folde about hir fathers necke with fauning armes : and sed, 

Deere father, graunt me whyle I live my maidenhead for to have, 

As too Diana heretofore hir father freely gave. 

Thy father (Daphne) could consent to that thou doest require, 590 

But that thy beautie and thy forme impugne thy chaste desire ; 

So that thy will and his consent are nothing in this case, 

By reason of the beautie bright that shineth in thy face. 

Apollo loves and longs too have this Daphne to his Feere, 

And as he longs he hopes, but his foredoomes doe fayle him there. 

And as light hame when corne is reapt, or hedges burne with brandes, 

That passers by when day drawes neere throwe loosely fro their handes ; 

So intoo flames the God is gone and burneth in his brest, 

And feedes his vaine and barraine love in hoping for the best. 

Hir heare unkembd about hir necke downe flaring did he see 600 

O Lord and were they trimd (quoth he) how seemely would shee bee? 

He sees hir eyes as bright as fire the starres to represent, 

He sees hir mouth which to have seene he holdes him not content. 

Hir lillie armes mid part and more above the elbow bare, 

Hir handes, hir fingers and hir wrystes, him thought of beautie rare. 

And sure he thought such other partes as garments then did hyde, 

32 






Excelled greatly all the rest the which he had espyed. 

But swifter than the whyrling winde shee flees and will not stay, 

To give the hearing to these wordes the which he had to say. 

I pray thee Nymph Pen<eis stay, I chase not as a fo : 6 1 o 

Stay Nymph : the Lambes so flee y Wolves, the Stags y Lions so : 
With flittring fethers sielie Doves so from the Gossehauke flie, 
And every creature from his foe. Love is the cause that I 
Do followe thee : alas alas how woulde it grieve my heart, ~] 

To see thee fall among the briers, and that the bloud should start > 

Out of thy tender legges, 1 wretch the causer of thy smart. 
The place is rough to which thou runst, take leysure I thee pray, 
Abate thy flight, and I my selfe my running pace will stay. 
Yet would I wishe thee take advise, and wisely for to viewe 
What one he is that for thy grace in humble wise doth sewe. 620 

I am not one that dwelles among the hilles and stonie rockes, 
I am no sheepehearde with a Curre, attending on the flockes : 
I am no Carle nor countrie Clowne, nor neathearde taking charge 
Of cattle grazing here and there within this Forrest large. 
Thou doest not know poore simple soule, God wote thou dost not knowe, 
From whome thou fleest. For if thou knew, thou wouldste not flee me so. 
In Delphos is my chiefe abode, my Temples also stande 
At Glaros and at Patara within the Lycian lande. 
And in the He of TeneJos the people honour mee. 

The king of Gods himself is knowne my father for to bee. 630 

By me is knowne that was, that is, and that that shall ensue, 
By mee men learne to sundrie tunes to frame sweete ditties true. 
In shooting I have stedfast hand, but surer hand had hee 
That made this wound within my heart that heretofore was free. 
Of Phisicke and of surgerie I found the Artes for neede 
The powre of everie herbe and plant doth of my gift proceede. 
Nowe wo is me that neare an herbe can heale the hurt of love 
And that the Artes that others helpe their Lord doth helpelesse prove. 

As Phcebus would have spoken more, away Pen<eis stale 

With fearefull steppes, and left him in the midst of all his tale. 640 

And as shee ran the meeting windes hir garments backewarde blue, 
So that hir naked skinne apearde behinde hir as she flue, 
Hir goodly yellowe golden haire that hanged loose and slacke, 
With every puffe of ayre did wave and tosse behind hir backe. 
Hir running made hir seeme more fayre. The youthfull God therefore 
Coulde not abyde to waste his wordes in dalyance any more. 
But as his love advysed him he gan to mende his pace, 
And with the better foote before the fleeing Nymph to chace. 
And even as when the greedie Grewnde doth course the sielie Hare 
Amiddes the plaine and champion fielde without all covert bare, 650 

Both twaine of them do straine themselves and lay on footemanship, 
Who may best runne with all his force the tother to outstrip, 
The tone for safetie of his lyfe, the tother for his pray, 
The Grewnde aye prest with open mouth to beare the Hare away, 
Thrusts forth his snoute, and gyrdeth out, and at hir loynes doth snatch, 
As though he would at everie stride betweene his teeth hir latch : 
Againe in doubt of being caught the Hare aye shrinking slips, 

F 33 



Upon the sodaine from his Jawes, and from betweene his lips : 

So farde Apollo and the Mayde : hope made Apollo swift, 

And feare did make the Mayden fleete devising how to shift. 660 

Howebeit he that did pursue of both the swifter went, 

As furthred by the feathred wings that Cupid had him lent : 

So that he would not let hir rest, but preased at hir heele 

So neere that through hir scattred haire shee might his breathing feele. 

But when she sawe hir breath was gone and strength began to fayle, 

The colour faded in hir cheekes, and ginning for to quayle, 

Shee looked too Pen<eus streame, and sayde, nowe Father dere, 

And if yon streames have powre of Gods, then help your daughter here. 

O let the earth devour me quicke, on which I seeme to fayre, 

Or else this shape which is my harme by chaunging straight appayre. 670 

This piteous prayer scarsly sed : hir sinewes waxed starke, 

And therewithall about hir breast did grow a tender barke. 

Hir haire was turned into leaves, hir armes in boughes did growe, 

Hir feete that were ere while so swift, now rooted were as slowe. 

Hir crowne became the toppe, and thus of that she earst had beene, 

Remayned nothing in the worlde, but beautie fresh and greene. 

Which when that Phcebus did beholde (affection did so move) 

The tree to which his love was turnde he coulde no lesse but love. 

And as he softly layde his hand upon the tender plant, 

Within the barke newe overgrowne he felt hir heart yet pant. 680 

And in his armes embracing fast hir boughes and braunches lythe, 

He proferde kisses too the tree : the tree did from him writhe. 

Well (quoth Apollo) though my Feere and spouse thou can not bee, 

Assuredly from this time forth yet shalt thou be my tree. 

Thou shalt adorne my golden lockes, and eke my pleasant Harpe, 

Thou shalt adorne my Quyver full of shaftes and arrowes sharpe, 

Thou shalt adorne the valiant knyghts and royall Emperours : 

When for their noble feates of armes like mightie conquerours, 

Triumphandy with stately pompe up to the Capitoll, 

They shall ascende with solemne traine that doe their deedes extoll. 690 

Before Augustus Pallace doore full duely shalt thou warde, 

The Oke amid the Pallace yarde aye faythfully to garde, 

And as my heade is never poulde nor never more without 

A seemely bushe of youthfull haire that spreadeth rounde about : 

Even so this honour give I thee continually to have 

Thy braunches clad from time to tyme with leaves both fresh and brave. 

Now when that Pean of this talke had fully made an ende, 

The Lawrell to his just request did seeme to condescende, 

By bowing of hir newe made boughes and tender braunches downe, 

And wagging of hir seemely toppe, as if it were hir crowne. 700 

There is a lande in Thessalie enclosd on every syde 

With wooddie hilles, that Timpe hight, through mid whereof doth glide 
Pen<eus gushing full of froth from foote of Pindus hye, 
Which with his headlong falling downe doth cast up violently, 
A mistie steame lyke flakes of smoke, besprinckling all about 
The toppe? of trees on eyther side, and makes a roaring out 
That may be heard a great way off. This is the fixed seate, 
This is the house and dwelling place and chamber of the greate 

34 



And mightie Ryver: Here he sittes in Court of Peeble stone, 
And ministers justice to the waves and to the Nymphes eche one, 710 

That in the Brookes and waters dwell. Now hither did resorte, 
(Not knowing if they might rejoyce and unto mirth exhort 
Or comfort him) his Countrie Brookes, Sperchius well beseene, 
With sedgie heade and shadie bankes of Poplars fresh and greene : 
Enipeus restlesse swift and quicke, olde father Apidane, 
Amphrisus with his gentle streame, and Aeas clad with cane : 
With dyvers other Ryvers moe, which having runne their race, 
Into the Sea their wearie waves do lead with restlesse pace. 
From hence the carefull Inachus absentes him selfe alone, 

Who in a corner of his cave with doolefull teares and mone 720 

Augments the waters of his streame, bewayling piteously 
His daughter Id lately lost. He knewe not certainly 
And if she were a live or deade. But for he had hir sought, 
And coulde not finde hir any where, assuredly he thought 
She did not live above the molde, ne drew the vitall breath : 
Misgiving worser in his minde, if ought be worse than death. 
It fortunde on a certaine day that Jove espide this Mayde 
Come running from hir fathers streame alone : to whome he sayde : 

Damsell worthie Jove himselfe like one day for to make 

Some happie person whome thou list unto thy bed to take. 730 

1 pray thee let us shroude our selves in shadowe here togither, 
Of this or that (he poynted both) it makes no matter whither, 
Untill the whotest of the day and Noone be overpast. 

And if for feare of savage beastes perchaunce thou be agast 
To wander in the Woods alone, thou shalt not neede to feare, 
A God shall bee thy guide to save thee harmlesse every where. 
And not a God of meaner sort, but even the same that hath 
The heavenly scepter in his hande, who in my dreadfull wrath 
Do dart downe thunder wandringly : and therefore make no hast 
Too runne away. She ranne apace, and had alreadie past 740 

The Fen of Lenta and the feeld of Lincey set with trees : 
When Jove intending now in vaine no lenger tyme to leese, 
Upon the Countrie all about did bring a foggie mist, 
And caught the Mayden whome poore foole he used as he list. 
Queene Juno looking downe that while upon the open field, 
When in so fayre a day such mistes and darknesse she behelde, 
Did marvell much : for well she knewe those mistes ascended not 
From any Ryver, moorishe ground, or other dankishe plot. 
She lookt about hir for hir Jove as one that was acquainted 

With such escapes and with the deede had often him attainted. 750 

Whome when she founde not in the heaven, onlesse I gesse amisse, 
Some wrong agaynst me (quoth she) now my husbande working is. 
And with that worde she left the Heaven, and downe to earth shee came, 
Commaunding all the mistes away. But Jove foresees the same, 
And to a Cow as white as milke his Leman he convayes. 
She was a goodly Hecfar sure : and Juno did hir prayse, 
Although (God wot) she thought it not : and curiously she sought, 
Where she was bred, whose Cow she was, who had hir thither brought, 
As though she had not knowne the truth. Hir husband by and by 

35 



(By cause she should not search to neare) devisde a cleanly lie, 760 

And tolde hir that the Cow was bred even nowe out of the grounde. 

Then Juno who hir husbands shift at fingers endes had founde, 

Desirde to have the Cow of gift. What should he doe as tho ? 

Great cruelnesse it were too yeelde his Lover to hir so. 

And not to give would breede mistrust. As fast as shame provoked, 

So fast agayne a tother side his Love his minde revoked : 

So much that Love was at the poynt to put all shame to flyght, 

But that he feared if he should denie a gift so light, 

As was a Cowe to hir that was his sister and his wyfe, 

Might make hir thinke it was no Cow, and breede perchaunce some strife. 770 

Now when that Juno had by gift hir husbands Leman got, 

Yet altogether out of feare and carelesse was she not. 
She had him in a jelousie, and thoughtfull was she still, 
For doubt he should invent some meanes to steale hir from hir : till 
To Argus olde Aristors sonne she put hir for to keepe. 
This Argus had an hundreth eyes : of which by turne did sleepe 
Alwayes a couple, and the rest did duely watch and warde, 
And of the charge they tooke in hande had ever good regarde. 
What way so ever Argus stood with face, with backe, or side, 
To Is warde, before his eyes did Id still abide. 780 

All day he let hir graze abroade : the Sunne once under ground, 
He shut hir up and by the necke with wrythen With hir bound. 
With croppes of trees and bitter weedes now was she dayly fed, 
And in the stead of costly couch and good soft featherbed, 
She sate a nightes upon the ground, and on such ground whereas 
Was not sometime so much as grasse : and oftentymes she was 
Compeld to drinke of muddie pittes : and when she did devise, 
To Argus for to lift hir handes in meeke and humble wise, 
She sawe she had no handes at all : and when she did assay 

To make complaint, she lowed out, which did hir so affray, > 790 

That oft she started at the noyse, and would have runne away. J 
Unto hir father Inachs banckes she also did resorte, 
Where many a tyme and oft before she had beene wont to sporte. 
Now when she looked in the streame, and sawe hir horned hed, 
She was agast and from hir selfe would all in hast have fled. 
The Nymphes hir sisters knewe hir not nor yet hir owne deare father, 
Yet followed she both him and them, and suffred them the rather 
To touch and stroke hir where they list, as one that preaced still 
To set hir selfe to wonder at and gaze upon their fill. 

The good olde Inach pulze up grasse and too hir straight it beares. 800 

She as she kyst and lickt his handes did shed forth dreerie teares. 
And had she had hir speach at will to utter forth hir thought, 
She would have tolde hir name and chaunce and him of helpe besought. 
But for bicause she could not speake, she printed in the sande, 
Two letters with hir foote, whereby was given to understande 
The sorrowfull chaunging of hir shape. Which seene, straight cryed out 
Hir father Inach, wo is me, and clasping hir about 
Hir white and seemely Hecfars necke and christal homes both twaine, 
He shrieked out full piteously, Now wo is me again. 
Alas art thou my daughter deare, whome through the worlde I sought 810 

36 



And could not finde ? and now by chaunce art to my presence brought ? 

My sorrow certesse lesser farre a thousande folde had beene 

If never had I seene thee more, than thus to have thee seene. 

Thou standst as dombe and to my wordes no answere can thou give, 

But from the bottom of thy heart full sorie sighes dost drive 

As tokens of thine inwarde griefe, and doolefully dost mooe 

Unto my talke, the onely thing leaft in thy powre to dooe. 

But I mistrusting nothing lesse than this so great mischaunce, 

By some great manage earnestly did seeke thee to advaunce, 

In hope some yssue to have seene betweene my sonne and thee. 820 

But now thou must a husband have among the Heirds I see, 

And eke thine issue must be such as other cattels bee. 

Oh that I were a mortall wight as other creatures are, 

For then might death in length of time quite rid mee of this care. 

But now bycause I am a God, and fate doth death denie, 

There is no helpe but that my griefe must last eternallie. 

As Inach made this piteous mone quick sighted Argus drave 

His daughter into further fieldes to which he could not have 
Accesse, and he himselfe a loof did get him to a hill, 

From whence he sitting at his ease viewd every way at will. 830 

Now could no lenger Jove abide his Lover so forlorne : 
And thereupon he cald his sonne that Maia had him borne, 
Commaunding Argus should be kild. He made no long abod, 
But tyde his feathers to his feete, and tooke his charmed rod, 
(With which he bringeth things a sleepe, and fetcheth soules from Hell) 
And put his Hat upon his head : and when that all was well 
He leaped from his fathers towres, and downe to earth he flue 
And there both Hat and winges also he lightly from him thrue, 
Retayning nothing but his staffe, the which he closely helde 
Betweene his elbowe and his side, and through the common fielde 840 

Went plodding lyke some good plaine soule that had some flocke to feede. 
And as he went he pyped still upon an Oten Reede. 
Queene Junos Heirdmann farre in love with this straunge melodie 
Bespake him thus : Good fellow mine, I pray thee heartely 
Come sitte downe by me on this hill, for better feede I knowe 
Thou shalt not finde in all these fieldes, and (as the thing doth showe) 
It is a coole and shadowie plot, for sheepeheirds verie fitte. 
Downe by his elbow by and by did Atlas nephew sit. 
And for to passe the tyme withall for seeming overlong, 

He helde him talke of this and that, and now and than among, 850 

He playd upon his merrie Pipe to cause his watching eyes 
To fall a sleepe. Poore Argus did the best he could devise 
To overcome the pleasant nappes : and though that some did sleepe, 
Yet of his eyes the greater part he made their watch to keepe. 
And after other talke he askt (for lately was it founde) 
Who was the founder of that Pype that did so sweetely sounde. 

Then sayde the God, there dwelt sometime a Nymph of noble fame 

Among the hilles of Arcadie, that Syrinx had to name. 
Of all the Nymphes of Nonacris and Fairie farre and neere, 

In beau tie and in parsonage thys Ladie had no peere. 860 

Full often had she given the slippe both to the Satyrs quicke 

37 



And other Gods that dwell in Woods, and in the Forrests thicke, 

Or in the fruitfull fieldes abrode. It was hir whole desire 

Too follow chaste Dianas guise in Maydenhead and attire. 

Whome she did counterfaite so nighe, that such as did hir see 

Might at a blush have taken hir, Diana for to bee, 

But that the Nymph did in hir hande a bowe of Cornell holde, 

Whereas Diana evermore did beare a bowe of golde. 

And yet she did deceyve folke so. Upon a certaine day 

God Pan with garland on his heade of Pinetree, sawe hir stray 870 

From Mount Lyceus all alone, and thus to hir did say. 

Unto a Gods request, O Nymph, voucesafe thou to agree 

That doth desire thy wedded spouse and husband for to bee. 

There was yet more behinde to tell : as how that Syrinx fled 
Through waylesse woods and gave no eare to that that Pan had sed, 
Untill she to the gentle streame of sandie Ladon came, 
Where, for bicause it was so deepe, she could not passe the same, 
She piteously to chaunge hir shape the water Nymphes besought: 
And how when Pan betweene his armes, to catch y Nymph had thought, 
In steade of hir he caught the Reedes newe growne upon the brooke, 880 

And as he sighed, with his breath the Reedes he softly shooke, 
Which made a still and mourning noyse, with straungnesse of the which 
And sweetenesse of the feeble sounde the God delighted mich, 
Saide certesse Syrinx for thy sake it is my full intent 
To make my comfort of these Reedes wherein thou doest lament : 
And how that there of sundrie Reedes with wax together knit, 
He made the Pipe which of hir name the Greekes call Syrinx yet. 
But as Cyllenius would have tolde this tale, he cast his sight 
On Argus, and beholde his eyes had bid him all good night. 
There was not one that one that did not sleepe : and fast he gan to nodde. 890 
Immediately he ceast his talke, and with his charmed rodde 
So stroked all his heavie eyes that earnestly they slept. 
Then with his Woodknife by and by he lightly to him stept, 
And lent him such a perlous blowe, where as the shoulders grue 
Unto the necke, that straight his heade quite from the bodie flue. 
Then tombling downe the headlong hill his bloudie coarse he sent, 
That all the way by which he rolde was stayned and besprent, 
There liste thou Argus under foote, with all thy hundreth lights, 
And all the light is cleane extinct that was within those sights, 
One endelesse night thy hundred eyes hath nowe bereft for aye. 900 

Yet would not Juno suffer so hir Heirdmans eyes decay : 
But in hir painted Peacocks tayle and feathers did them set, 
Where they remayne lyke precious stones and glaring eyes as yet. 
She tooke his death in great dispight and as hir rage did move, 
Determinde for to wreeke hir wrath upon hir husbandes Love. 
Forthwith she cast before hir eyes right straunge and ugly sightes, 
Compelling hir to thinke she sawe some Fiendes or wicked sprightes. 
And in hir heart such secret prickes and piercing stings she gave hir, 
As through the worlde from place to place with restlesse sorrow drave hir. 
Thou Ny/us wert assignd to stay hir paynes and travelles past, 910 

To which as soone as Id came with much a doe at last, 
With wearie knockles on thy brim she kneeled sadly downe, 

38 



And stretching foorth hir faire long necke and christall horned crowne, 
Such kinde of countnaunce as she had she lifted to the side, 
And there with sighing sobbes and teares and lowing doolefully 
Did seeme to make hir mone to Jove, desiring him to make 
Some ende of those hir troublous stormes endured for his sake, 
Hee tooke his wife about the necke, and sweetely kissing prayde, 
That lbs penance yet at length might by hir graunt be stayde. 
Thou shalt not neede to feare (quoth he) that ever she shall grieve thee 920 
From this day forth. And in this case the better to beleve mee, 
The Stygian waters of my wordes unparciall witnesse beene. 
Assoone as Juno was appeasde, immediately was seene 
That lb tooke hir native shape in which she first was borne, 
And eke became the selfe same thing the which she was beforne. 
For by and by she cast away hir rough and hairie hyde, 
In steede whereof a soft smouth skinne with tender flesh did byde. 
Hir homes sank down, hir eies and mouth were brought in lesser roome, 
Hir handes, hir shoulders, and hir armes in place againe did come. 
Hir cloven Clees to fingers five againe reduced were, 930 

On which the nayles lyke pollisht Gemmes did shine full bright and clere. 
In fine, no likenesse of a Cow save whitenesse did remaine 
So pure and perfect as no snowe was able it to staine. 
She vaunst hir selfe upon hir feete which then was brought to two, 
And though she gladly would have spoke : yet durst she not so do, 
Without good heede, for feare she should have lowed like a Cow. 
And therefore softly with hir selfe she gan to practise how 
Distinctly to pronounce hir wordes that intermitted were. 
Now as a Goddesse is she had in honour everie where, 

Among the folke that dwell by Ny/e yclad in linnen weede. 940 

Of her in tyme came Epaphus begotten of the seede 
Of myghtie Jove. This noble ympe nowe joyntly with his mother, 
Through all the Cities of that lande have temples tone with toother. 
There was his match in heart and yeares the lustie Phaeton, 
A stalworth stripling strong and stout the golden Phosbus sonne. 
Whome making proude and stately vauntes of his so noble race, 
And unto him in that respect in nothing giving place, 
The sonne of lb could not beare : but sayde unto him thus. 
No marvell though thou be so proude and full of wordes ywus. 
For everie fonde and trifling tale the which thy mother makes 950 

Thy gyddie wit and hairebrainde heade forthwith for gospell takes. 
Well, vaunt thy selfe of Phabus still, for when the truth is seene, 
Thou shalt perceyve that fathers name a forged thing to beene. 
At this reproch did Phaeton wax as red as any fire : 
Howbeit for the present tyme did shame represse his ire. 
Unto his mother Clymen straight he goeth to detect 
The spitefull wordes that Epaphus against him did object. 
Yea mother (quoth he) and which ought your greater griefe to bee, 
I who at other times of talke was wont too be so free 

And stoute, had neere a worde to say, I was ashamde to take 960 

So fowle a foyle : the more because I could none answere make. 
But if I be of heavenly race exacted as ye say, 
Then shewe some token of that highe and noble byrth I pray, 

39 



And vouche mee for to be of heaven. With that he gently cast 

His armes about his mothers necke, and clasping hir full fast, 

Besought hir as she lovde his life, and as she lovde the lyfe 

Of Merops, and had kept hir selfe as undefiled wyfe, 

And as she wished welthily his sisters to bestowe, 

She would some token give whereby his rightfull Syre to knowe, 

It is a doubtfull matter whither Clymen moved more 970 

With this hir Phaetons earnest sute exacting it so sore, \ 

Or with the slaunder of the brute layde to hir charge before, J 

Did holde up both hir handes to heaven, and looking on the Sunne, 

My right deare childe I safely sweare (quoth she to Phaeton) 

That of this starre the which so bright doth glister in thine eye : 

Of this same Sunne that cheares the world with light indifferently 

Wert thou begot : and if I fayne, then with my heart I pray, 

That never may I see him more unto my dying day. 

But if thou have so great desire thy father for to knowe, 

Thou shalt not neede in that behalfe much labour to bestowe. 980 

The place from whence he doth arise adjoyneth to our lande. 

And if thou thinke thy heart will serve, then go and understande 

The truth of him. When PhaSton heard his mother saying so, 

He gan to leape and skip for joye. He fed his fansie tho, 

Upon the Heaven and heavenly things : and so with willing minde, 

From Aethiop first his native home, and afterwarde through Inde 

Set underneath the morning starre he went so long, till as 

He founde me where his fathers house and dayly rising was. 



Finis primi Libri. 



40 




THE SECONDE BOOKE 

of Ovids Metamorphosis. 

jHE Princely Pallace of the Sunne stood gorgeous to beholde 
On stately Pillars builded high of yellow burnisht golde, 
Beset with sparckling Carbuncles that like to fire did shine. 
The roofe was framed curiously of Yvorie pure and fine. 
The two doore leaves of silver cleare a radiant light did cast: 
But yet the cunning workemanship of things therein farre past 
ThestufFewherof thedooresweremade. For there a perfect plat, 
Had Vulcane drawne of all the worlde : Both of the sourges that 
Embrace the earth with winding waves, and of the stedfast ground, 
And of the heaven it selfe also that both encloseth round. 10 

And first and formest in the Sea the Gods thereof did stande 
Loude sounding Tryton with his shirle and writhen Trumpe in hande : 
Unstable Protew chaunging aye his figure and his hue, 
From shape to shape a thousande sithes as list him to renue : 
Aggeon leaning boystrously on backes of mightie Whales 
And Doris with her daughters all : of which some cut the wales 
"With splaied armes, some sate on rockes and dride their goodly haire, 
And some did ryde uppon the backes of fishes here and theare. 
Not one in all poyntes fully lyke an other could ye see, 

Nor verie farre unlike, but such as sisters ought to bee. 20 

The Earth had townes, men, beasts, and Woods with sundrie trees and rods, 
And running Ryvers with their Nymphes and other countrie Gods. 
Directly over all these same the plat of heaven was pight, 
Upon the two doore leaves, the signes of all the Zodiak bright, > 

Indifferently six on the left and six upon the right. J 

When Clymens sonne had climbed up at length with weerie pace, 
And set his foote within his doubted fathers dwelling place, 
Immediately he preaced forth to put him selfe in sight, 
And stoode aloofe. For neere at hande he could not bide the light. 
In purple Robe and royall Throne of Emeraudes fresh and greene 30 

Did Phoebus sitte, and on eche hande stoode wayting well beseene, 
Dayes, Monthes, yeares, ages, seasons, times, and eke the equall houres. 
There stoode the springtime with a crowne of fresh and fragrant floures : 
There wayted Sommer naked starke all save a wheaten Hat : 
And Autumne smerde with treading grapes late at the pressing Fat. 
And lastly quaking for the colde, stood Winter all forlorne, 
With rugged heade as white as Dove, and garments all to torne, 
Forladen with the Isycles that dangled up and downe 
Uppon his gray and hoarie bearde and snowie frozen crowne. 
The Sunne thus sitting in the middes did cast his piercing eye, 40 

(With which full lightly when he list he all thinges doth espye) 
Upon his childe that stood aloofe agast and trembling sore 
At sight of such unwoonted thinges, and thus bespake him thore. 
O noble ympe, O Phaeton which art not such (I see) 
Of whome thy father should have cause ashamed for to bee : > 

Why hast thou traveld to my court ? what is thy will with mee ? J 

g 41 



Then answerde he, of all the worlde O onely perfect light, 

Father Phoebus, (if I may usurpe that name of right, 

And that my mother for to save hir selfe from worldely shame, 

Hyde not hir fault with false pretence and colour of thy name) 50 

Some signe apparant graunt whereby I may be knowne thy Sonne, 

And let mee hang no more in doubt. He had no sooner donne, 

But that his father putting off the bright and fierie beames 

That glistred rounde about his heade like cleare and golden streames, 

Commaunded him to drawe him neere, and him embracing sayde : 

To take mee for thy rightfull Sire thou neede not be afrayde. 

Thy mother Clymen of a truth from falshood standeth free. 

And for to put thee out of doubt, aske what thou wilt of mee, 

And I will give thee thy desire, the Lake whereby of olde 

We Gods do sweare (the which mine eyes did never yet beeholde) \ 60 

Beare witnesse with thee of my graunt : he scarce this tale had tolde, 

But that the foolish Phaeton straight for a day did crave 

The guyding of his winged Steedes, and Chariot for to have. 

Then did his Father by and by forethinke him of his oth. 

And shaking twentie tymes his heade, as one that was full wroth, 

Beespake him thus : thy wordes have made me rashly to consent 

To that which shortly both of us (I feare mee) shall repent. 

Oh that I might retract my graunt, my sonne I doe protest 

1 would denie thee nothing else save this thy fond request. 

I may disswade, there lyes herein more perill than thou weene : 70 

The things the which thou doest desire of great importance beene: 

More than thy weakenesse well can wielde, a charge (as well appeares) 

Of greater weight, than may agree with these thy tender yeeres. 

Thy state is mortall, weake and frayle, the thing thou doest desire 

Is such, whereto no mortall man is able to aspire. 

Yea foolish boy thou doest desire (and all for want of wit) 

A greater charge than any God coulde ever have as yit. 

For were there any of them all so overseene and blinde 

To take upon him this my charge, full quickly should he finde 

That none but I could sit upon the fierie Axeltree. 80 

No not even he that rules this wast and endlesse space we see, 

Not he that darts with dreadfull hande the thunder from the Skie, 

Shall drive this chare. And yet what thing in all the world perdie 

Is able to compare with Jove ? Now first the morning way 

Lyes steepe upright, so that the steedes in coolest of the day 

And beeing fresh have much a doe to climbe against the Hyll. 

Amiddes the heaven the gastly heigth augmenteth terror still. 

My heart doth waxe as colde as yse full many a tyme and oft 

For feare to see the Sea and land from that same place aloft. 

The Evening way doth fall plump downe requiring strength to guide 90 

That Tethis who doth harbrowgh mee within hir sourges wide > 

Doth stand in feare least from the heaven I headlong down should slide. J 

Besides all this, the Heaven aye swimmes and wheeles about full swift 

And with his rolling dryves the starres their proper course to shift. 

Yet doe I keepe my native course against this brunt so stout, 

Not giving place as others doe: but boldely bearing out 

The force and swiftnesse of that heaven that whyrleth so about. 

42 



Admit thou had my winged Steedes and Chariot in thine hande : 
What couldste thou doe ? dost think thy selfe well able to withstand 
The swiftnesse of the whyrled Pooles? but that their brunt and sway ioo 

(Yea doe the best and worst thou can) shall beare thee quite away? 
Perchaunce thou dost imagine there some townes of Gods to finde, 
"With groves and Temples richt with giftes as is among mankinde. 
Thou art deceyved utterly : thou shalt not finde it so. 
By blinde bywayes and ugly shapes of monsters must thou go. 
And though thou knewe the way so well as that thou could not stray, 
Betweene the dreadfull bulles sharp homes yet must thou make thy way. 
Against the cruell Bowe the which the Aemonian archer drawes : 
Against the ramping Lyon armde with greedie teeth and pawes : > 

Against the Scorpion stretching farre his fell and venymd clawes : J no 

And eke the Crab that casteth forth his crooked clees awrie 
Not in such sort as th 'other doth, and yet as dreadfully. 
Againe thou neyther hast the powre nor yet the skill I knowe 
My lustie coursers for too guide that from their nosetrilles throwe 
And from their mouthes the fierie breath that breedeth in their brest. 
For scarcely will they suffer mee who knowes their nature best 
When that their cruell courages begin to catch a heate. 
That hardely should I deale with them, but that I know the feate. 
But least my gift should to thy griefe and utter perill tend, 

My Sonne beware, and (whyle thou mayst) thy fonde request amend. 120 

Bycause thou woulde be knowne to bee my childe, thou seemst to crave 
A certaine signe : what surer signe I pray thee canst thou have 
Than this my feare so fatherly the which I have of thee, 
Which proveth me most certainly thy father for to bee ? 
Beholde and marke my countenaunce. O would to God thy sight 
Coulde pierce within my wofull brest, to see the heavie plight, 
And heapes of cares within my heart. Looke through the worlde so round 
Of all the wealth and goodes therein : if ought there may be found 
In Heaven or Earth or in the Sea, aske what thou lykest best, 
And sure it shall not be denide. This onely one request 130 

That thou hast made I heartely beseech thee to relent, 
Which for to tearme the thing aright is even a punishment, 
And not an honour as thou thinkest : my Phaeton thou dost crave, 
In stead of honour, even a scourge and punishment for to have. 
Thou fondling thou, what dost thou meane with fawning armes about 
My necke thus flattringly to hang ? Thou needest not to dout. 
I have alreadie sworne by Styx, aske what thou wilt of mee 
And thou shalt have. Yet let thy next wish somewhat wiser bee. 
Thus ended his advertisement : and yet the wilfull Lad 
Withstood his counsell, urging still the promisse that he had, > 140 
Desiring for to have the chare as if he had beene mad. J 

His father having made delay as long as he could shift, 
Did lead him where his Chariot stood, which was of Vulcans gift. 
The Axeltree was massie golde, the Bucke was massie golde, 
The utmost fellies of the wheeles, and where the tree was rolde. 
The spokes were all of sylver bright, the Chrysolites and Gemmes 
That stood uppon the Collars, Trace, and hounces in their hemmes 
Did cast a sheere and glimmering light, as Phcebus shone thereon. 

43 



Now while the lustie Phalton stood gazing here upon, 

And wondered at the workemanship of everie thing : beeholde 1 50 

The earely morning in the East beegan mee to unfolde 
Hir purple Gates, and shewde hir house bedeckt with Roses red. 
The twinclding starres withdrew which by the morning star are led: 
Who as the Captaine of that Host that hath no peere nor match, 
Dooth leave his standing last of all within that heavenly watch. 
Now when his Father sawe the worlde thus glister red and trim, 
And that his waning sisters homes began to waxen dim, 
He had the fetherfooted howres go harnesse in his horse. 
The Goddesses with might and mayne themselves thereto enforce. 
His fierifoming Steedes full fed with juice of Ambrosie 160 

They take from Maunger trimly dight : and to their heades doe tie 
Strong reyned bits : and to the Charyot doe them well appoint. 
Then Phxbus did with heavenly salve his Phaetons head annoint, 
That scorching fire coulde nothing hurt : which done, upon his haire 
He put the fresh and golden rayes himselfe was wont to weare. 
And then as one whose heart misgave the sorrowes drawing fast, 
With sorie sighes he thus bespake his retchlesse Sonne at last. 
(And if thou canst) at least yet this thy fathers lore obay : 
Sonne, spare the whip, and reyne them hard, they run so swift away 
As that thou shalt have much a doe their fleeing course to stay. 1 70 

Directly through the Zones all five beware thou doe not ride, 
A brode byway cut out a skew that bendeth on the side, 
Contaynde within the bondes of three the midmost Zones doth lie : 
Which from the grisely Northren beare, and Southren Pole doth flie. 
Keepe on this way : my Charyot rakes thou plainely shalt espie. 
And to thintent that heaven and earth may well the heate endure, 
Drive neyther over high nor yet too lowe. For be thou sure, 
And if thou mount above thy boundes, the starres thou burnest cleane. 
Againe beneath thou burnst the Earth : most safetie is the meane. 
And least perchaunce thou overmuch the right hand way should take 180 

And so misfortune should thee drive upon the writhen Snake, 
Or else by taking overmuche upon the lefter hand, 
Unto the Aultar thou be driven that doth against it stand : 
Indifferently betweene them both I wish thee for to ride. 
The rest I put to fortunes will, who be thy friendly guide, > 

And better for thee than thy selfe as in this case provide. J 

Whiles that I prattle here with thee, behold the dankish night 
Beyond all Spaine hir utmost bound is passed out of sight. 
We may no lenger tariance make : my wonted light is cald, 
The morning with hir countnance cleare the darknesse hath appald. 190 

Take raine in hand, or if thy minde by counsell altred bee, 
Refuse to meddle with my Wayne : and while thou yet art free, 
And doste at ease within my house in safegarde well remaine, 
Of this thine unadvised wish not feeling yet the paine, 
Let me alone with giving still the world his wonted light, 
And thou thereof as heretofore enjoy the harmelesse sight. 

Thus much in vaine: for Phaeton both yong in yeares and wit, 
Into the Chariot lightly lept, and vauncing him in it 
Was not a litle proud that he the brydle gotten had. 

44 



He thanlct his father whom it grievde to see his childe so mad. 200 

While Phebus and his rechelesse sonne were entertallcing this, 

AeSus, Aethon, Phlegon, and the firie Pyrois 

The restlesse horses of the Sunne began to ney so hie 

Wyth flaming breath, that all the heaven might heare them perfectly, 

And with their hoves they mainly beate upon the lattisde grate. 

The which when Tethis (knowing nought of this hir cousins fate) 

Had put aside, and given the steedes the free and open scope 

Of all the compasse of the Skie within the heavenly Cope : 

They girded forth, and cutting through the Cloudes that let their race, 

With splayed wings they overflew the Easterne winde a pace. 210 

The burthen was so lyght as that the Genets felt it not. 

The wonted weight was from the Waine, the which they well did wot. 

For like as ships amids the the Seas that scant of ballace have, 

Doe reele and totter with the wynde, and yeeld to every wave : 

Even so the Waine for want of weight it erst was wont to beare, 

Did hoyse aloft and scayle and reele, as though it empty were. 

Which when the Cartware did perceyve, they left the beaten way, 

And taking bridle in the teeth began to run astray. 

The rider was so sore agast, he knew no use of Reyne, 

Nor yet his way: and though he had, yet had it ben in vayne, > 220 

Bicause he wanted powre to rule the horses and the Wayne. J 

Then first did sweat cold Charles his Wain through force of Phebus rayes 

And in the Sea forbidden him to dive in vaine assayes. 
The Serpent at the frozen Pole both colde and slow by kinde, 
Through heat waxt wroth, and stird about a cooler place to finde. 
And thou BoStes though thou be but slow of footemanship, 
Yet wert thou faine (as Fame reports) about thy Waine to skip. 
Now when unhappy PhaSton from top of all the Skie 
Behelde the Earth that underneath a great way off did lie, 

He waxed pale for sodaine feare, his joints and sinewes quooke, 230 

The greatnesse of the glistring light his eyesight from him tooke. 
Now wisht he that he never had his fathers horses see, 
It yrkt him that he thus had sought to learne his piedegre. 
It grievde him that he had prevailde in gaining his request. 
To have bene counted Merops sonne he thought it now the best. 
Thus thinking was he headlong driven, as when a ship is borne 
By blustring windes, hir saileclothes rent, hir sterne in pieces torne, 
And tacling brust, the which the Pilote trusting all to prayre 
Abandons wholy to the Sea and fortune of the ayre. 

What should he doe ? much of the heaven he passed had behinde 240 

And more he saw before : both whiche he measurde in his minde, 
Eft looking forward to the West which to approch as then 
Might not betide, and to the East eft looking backe agen. 
He wist not what was best to doe, his wittes were ravisht so. 
For neither could he hold the Reynes, nor yet durst let them go, \ 
And of his horses names was none that he remembred tho. J 

Straunge uncoth Monsters did he see dispersed here and there 
And dreadfull shapes of ugly beasts that in the Welkin were. 
There is a certaine place in which the hidious Scorpion throwes 
His armes in compasse far abrode, much like a couple of bowes, 250 

45 



With writhen tayle and clasping cles, whose poyson limmes doe stretch 

On every side, that of two signes they full the roume doe retch. 

Whome when the Lad beheld all moyst with blaclce and lothly swet, 

With sharpe and nedlepointed sting as though he seemde to thret, 

He was so sore astraught for feare, he let the bridels slacke. 

Which when the horses felt lie lose upon their sweating backe, 

At rovers straight throughout the Ayre by wayes unknowne they ran 

Whereas they never came before since that the worlde began. 

For looke what way their lawlesse rage by chaunce and fortune drue : 

Without controlment or restraint that way they freely flue. 260 

Among the starres that fixed are within the firmament 

They snatcht the Chariot here and there. One while they coursing went 

Upon the top of all the skie : anon againe full round 

They troll me downe to lower wayes and neerer to the ground. 

So that the Moone was in a Maze to see hir brothers Waine 

Run under hirs : the singed clouds began to smoke amaine. 

Eche ground the higher that it was and nearer to the Skie, 

The sooner was it set on fire, and made therewith so drie, 

That every where it gan to chinke. The Medes and Pastures greene 

Did seare away: and with the leaves, the trees were burned cleene. 270 

The parched corne did yeelde wherewith to worke his owne decaie. 

Tushe, these are trifles. Mightie townes did perish that same daie 
Whose countries with their folke were burnt : and forests full of wood 
Were turnde to ashes with the rocks and mountains where they stood. 
Then Athe, Cilician Taure, and Tmole, and Oeta flamed hie, 
And Ide erst full of flowing springs was then made utter drie. 
The learned virgins daily haunt, the sacred Helicon, 
And Thracian Hemus (not as yet surnamde Oeagrion,) 
Did smoke both twaine : and Aetna hote of nature aye before, 
Encreast by force of Phebus flame, now raged ten times more. 280 

The forkt Parnasus, Eryx, Cynth, and Othrys then did swelt 
And all the snow of Rhodope did at that present melt. > 

The like outrage Mount Dindymus, and Mime and Micale felt. J 
Cytheron borne to sacred use, with Osse, and Pindus hie 
And Olymp greater than them both did burne excessively. 
The passing colde that Scithie had defended not the same 
But that the barren Caucasus was partner of this flame. 
And so were eke the Airie Alpes and Appennyne beside, 
For all the Cloudes continually their snowie tops doe hide. 

Then wheresoever Phaeton did chaunce to cast his vew, 290 

The world was all on flaming fire. The breath the which he drew, 
Came smooking from his scalding mouth as from a seething pot. 
His Chariot also under him began to waxe red hot. 
He could no lenger dure the sparkes and cinder flyeng out. 
Againe the culme and smouldring smoke did wrap him round about. 
The pitchie darkenesse of the which so wholy had him hent, 
As that he wist not where he was, nor yet which way he went. 
The winged horses forcibly did drawe him where they wolde. 
The Aethiopians at that time (as men for truth uphoide) 

(The bloud by force of that same heate drawne to the outer part 300 

And there adust from that time forth) became so blacke and swart. 

46 



The moysture was so dried up in Lybie land that time 

That altogither drie and scorcht continueth yet that Clyme. 

The Nymphes with haire about their eares bewayld their springs and lakes. 

BeStia for hir Dyrces losse great lamentation makes. 

For Amimone Argos wept, and Corinth for the spring 

Pyrene, at whose sacred streame the Muses usde to sing. 

The Rivers further from the place were not in better case. 

By Tanais in his deepest streame did boyle and steme apace. 

Old Penew and Caycus of the countrie Teuthranie, 310 

And swift Ismenos in their bankes by like misfortune frie. 

Then burnde the Psophian Erymanth: and (which should burne ageine) 

The Trojan Xanthus and Lycormas with his yellowe veine. 

Meander playing in his bankes aye winding to and fro, 

Migdonian Me/as with his waves as blacke as any slo, 

Eurotas running by the foote of Tenare boyled tho. 

Then sod Euphrates cutting through the middes of Babilon : 

Then sod Orontes, and the Scithian swift Thermodoon, 

Then Ganges, Cokhian Phasis, and the noble Istre, 

Alpheus and Sperchius bankes with flaming fire did glistre. 320 

The golde that Tagus streame did beare did in the chanell melt. 

Amid Cayster of this fire the raging heat was felt 

Among the quieres of singing Swannes that with their pleasant lay 

Along the bankes of Lidian brakes from place to place did stray. 

And Ny/e for feare did run away into the furthest Clyme 

Of all the world, and hid his heade, which (o this present tyme 

Is yet unfound : his mouthes all seven cleane voyde of water beene. 

Like seven great valleys where (save dust) could nothing else be seene, 

By like misfortune Hebrus dride and Strymon both of Thrace. 

The Westerne Rivers Rhine and Rhone and Po were in like case: 330 

And Tyber unto whome the Goddes a faithfull promise gave 

Of all the world the Monarchic and soveraigne state to have. 

The ground did cranie everie where, and light did pierce to hell 

And made afraide the King and Queene that in that Realme doe dwell. 

The Sea did shrinke and where as waves did late before remaine, 

Became a Champion field of dust and even a sandy plaine. 

The hilles erst hid farre under waves like Uelandes did appeare 

So that the scattred Cyclades for the time augmented were. 

The fishes drew them to the deepes : the Dolphines durst not play 

Above the water as before, the Seales and Porkpis lay 340 

With bellies upward on the waves starke dead, and fame doth go 

That Nereus with his wife and daughters all were faine as tho 

To dive within the scalding waves. Thrise Neptune did advaunce 

His armes above the scalding Sea with sturdy countenaunce : 

And thrise for hotenesse of the Ayre, was faine himselfe to hide. 

But yet the Earth the Nurce of things enclosde on every side 

(Betweene the waters of the Sea and Springs that now had hidden 

Themselves within their Mothers wombe) for all the paine abidden, 

Up to the necke put forth hir head, and casting up hir hand, 

Betweene hir forehead and the sunne as panting she did stand 350 

With dreadfull quaking all that was she fearfully did shake, 

And shrinking somewhat lower downe with sacred voyce thus spake. 

47 



O King of Gods, and if this be thy will and my desart, 

Why doste thou stay with deadly dint thy thunder downe to dart ? 

And if that needes I perish must through force of firie flame, 

Let thy celestiall fire O God I pray thee doe the same. 

A comfort shall it be to have thee Author of my death. 

I scarce have powre to speak these words (the smoke had stopt hir breath) 

Behold my singed haire : behold my dim and bleared eye, 

See how about my scorched face the scalding embers flie. 360 

Is this the guerdon wherewithall ye quite my fruitfulnesse ? 

Is this the honor that yee gave me for my plenteousnesse 

And dutie done with true intent? for suffring of the plough 

To draw deepe woundes upon my backe, and rakes to rend me through ? 

For that I over all the yeare continually am wrought? 

For giving foder to the beasts and cattell all for nought ? 

For yeelding corne and other foode wherewith to keepe mankinde ? 

And that to honor you withall sweete frankinsence I finde ? 

But put the case that my desert destruction duely crave : 

What hath thy brother: what the Seas deserved for to have? 370 

Why doe the Seas his lotted part thus ebbe and fall so low, 

Withdrawing from thy Skie to which it ought most neare to grow ? 

But if thou neyther doste regarde thy brother, neyther mee, 

At least have mercy on thy heaven, looke round about and see 

How both the Poles begin to smoke : which if the fire appall, 

To utter ruine (be thou sure) thy pallace needes must fall. 

Behold how Atlas ginnes to faint, his shoulders though full strong, 

Unneth are able to uphold the sparkling Extree long. 

If Sea and Land doe go to wrecke, and heaven it selfe doe burne : 

To olde confused Chaos then of force we must returne. 380 

Put to thy helping hand therefore to save the little left, 

If ought remaine before that all be quite and cleane bereft. 

When ended was this piteous plaint, the Earth did hold hir peace : 
She could no lenger dure the heate but was compelde to cease. 

Into hir bosome by and by she shrunke hir cinged heade 

More nearer to the Stygian caves, and ghostes of persones deade. 

The Sire of heaven protesting all the Gods and him also 

That lent the Chariot to his child, that all of force must go 

To havocke if he helped not, went to the highest part 

And top of all the Heaven from whence his custome was to dart 390 

His thunder and his lightning downe. But neyther did remaine 

A Cloude wherewith to shade the Earth, nor yet a showre of raine. 

Then with a dreadfull thunderclap up to his eare he bent 

His fist, and at the Wagoner a flash of lightning sent, 

Which strake his bodie from the life and threw it over wheele 

And so with fire he quenched fire. The Steedes did also reele 

Upon their knees, and starting up sprang violently, one here, 

And there another, that they brast in in pieces all their gere. 

They threw the Collars from their neckes, and breaking quite a sunder 

The Trace and Harness, flang away : here lay the bridles : yonder 400 

The Extree plucked from the Naves : and in another place 

The shevered spokes of broken wheeles : and so at every pace 

The pieces of the Chariot torne lay strowed here and there. 

48 



But Phaeton (fire yet biasing stil among his yellow haire) 

Shot headlong downe, and glid along the Region of the Ayre 

Like to [a] Starre in Winter nightes (the wether cleare and fayre) 

Which though it doe not fall indeede, yet falleth to our sight. 

Whome almost in another world and from his countrie quite 

The River Padus did receyve, and quencht his burning head. 

The water Nymphes of Italie did take his carkasse dead 410 

And buried it yet smoking still, with Joves threeforked flame, 

And wrate this Epitaph in the stone that lay upon the same. 

Here lies the lusty Phaeton which tooke in hand to guide "] 

His fathers Chariot : from the which although he chaunst to slide : > 

Yet that he gave a proud attempt it cannot be denide. J 

With ruthfull cheere and heavie heart his father made great mone. 

And would not shew himselfe abrode, but mournd at home alone. 
And if it be to be beleved, as bruted is by fame, "I 

A day did passe without the Sunne. The brightnesse of the flame \ 
Gave light : and so unto some kinde of use that mischiefe came. J 420 

But Clymen having spoke as much as mothers usually 
Are wonted in such wretched case, discomfortablely, 
And halfe beside hir selfe for wo, with torne and scratched brest, 
Sercht through the universall world, from East to furthest West, 
First seeking for hir sonnes dead coarse, and after for his bones. 
She found them by a forren streame, entumbled under stones. 
Then fell she groveling on his grave, and reading there his name, 
Shed teares thereon, and layd hir brest all bare upon the same. 
The daughters also of the Sunne no lesse than did their mother, 
Bewaild in vaine with flouds of teares, the fortune of their brother : 430 

And beating piteously their breasts, incessantly did call 
The buried Phaeton day and night, who heard them not at all, 
About whose tumbe they prostrate lay. Foure times the Moone had filde 
The Circle of hir joyned homes, and yet the sisters hilde 
Their custome of lamenting still : (for now continuall use 
Had made it custome.) Of the which the eldest Phaetuse 
About to kneele upon the ground, complaynde hir feete were nom. 
To whom as fayre Lampetie was rising for to com, 
Hir feete were held with sodaine rootes. The third about to teare 
Hir ruffled lockes, filde both hir handes with leaves in steade of heare. 440 

One wept to see hir legges made wood : another did repine 
To see hir armes become long boughes. And shortly to define, 
While thus they wondred at themselves, a tender barke began 
To grow about their thighes and loynes, which shortly overran 
Their bellies, brestes, and shoulders eke, and hands successively, 
That nothing (save their mouthes) remainde, aye calling piteously 
Upon the wofull mothers helpe. What could the mother doe, 
But runne now here now there, as force of nature drue hir too, 
And deale hir kisses while she might ? she was not so content : 
But tare their tender braunches downe : and from the slivers went > 450 
Red drops of bloud as from a wound. The daughter that was rent J 
Cride spare us mother spare I pray, for in the shape of tree 
The bodies and the flesh of us your daughters wounded bee. 

h 49 



} 



And now farewell. That word once said, the barke grew over all. 
Now from these trees flow gummy teares that Amber men doe call. > 
Which hardened with the heate of sunne as from the boughs they fal, J 
The trickling River doth receyve, and sends as things of price 
To decke the daintie Dames of Rome and make them fine and nice. 
Now present at this monstruous hap was Cygnus Stenels son 
Who being by the mothers side a kinne to Phaeton 460 

Was in condicion more a kinne. He leaving up his charge, 
(For in the land of Ligurie his Kingdome stretched large) 
Went mourning all alone the bankes and pleasant streame of Po 
Among the trees encreased by the sisters late ago. 
Annon his voyce became more small and shrill than for a man. 
Gray fethers muffled in his face : his necke in length began 
Far from his shoulders for to stretche : and furthermore there goes 
A fine red string a crosse the joyntes in knitting of his toes : 
With fethers closed are his sides : and on his mouth there grew 
A brode blunt byll : and finally was Cygnus made a new 470 

And uncoth fowle that hight a Swan, who neither to the winde, 
The Ayre, nor Jove betakes himselfe, as one that bare in minde 
The wrongfull fire sent late against his cousin Phaeton. 
In Lakes and Rivers is his joy : the fire he aye doth shon 
And chooseth him the contrary continually to won. 

Forlorne and altogether voyde of that same bodie shene 
Was Phaetons father in that while which erst had in him bene, 
Like as he looketh in Theclypse. He hates the yrkesome light, 
He hates him selfe, he hates the day, and settes his whole delight 
In making sorrowe for his sonne, and in his griefe doth storme 480 

And chaufe denying to the worlde his dutie to performe. 
My lot (quoth he) hath had inough of this unquiet state 
From first beginning of the worlde. It yrkes me (though too late) 
Of resdesse toyles and thankelesse paines. Let whoso will for me 
Go drive the Chariot in the which the light should caried be, 
If none dare take the charge in hand, and all the Gods persist 
As insufficient, he himself go drive it if he list. 
That at the least by venturing our bridles for to guide, 
His lightning making childlesse Sires he once may lay aside. 
By that time that he hath assayde the unappalled force 490 

That doth remaine and rest within my firiefooted horse, 
I trow he shall by tried proufe be able for to tell 
How that he did not merit death that could not rule them well. 
The Goddes stoode all about the Sunne thus storming in his rage, 
Beseching him in humble wise his sorrow to asswage, 
And that he would not on the world continuall darkenesse bring, 
Jove eke excusde him of the fire the which he chaunst to fling, \ 

And with entreatance mingled threates as did become a King. J 

Then Phebus gathered up his steedes that yit for feare did run 
Like flaighted fiendes, and in his moode without respect begun 500 

To beate his whipstocke on their pates and lash them on the sides. 
It was no neede to bid him chaufe, for ever as he rides 
He still upbraides them with his sonne, and layes them on the hides. 

5 



And Jove almighty went about the walles of heaven too trie, 
If ought were perisht with the fire : which when he did espie 
Continuing in their former state, all strong and safe and sound 
He went to vew the workes of men, and things upon the ground. 
Yet for his land of Arcadie he tooke most care and charge. 
The Springs and streames that durst not run he set againe at large. 
He clad the earth with grasse, the trees with leaves both fresh and grene, 510 
Commaunding woods to spring againe that erst had burned bene. 
Now as he often went and came it was his chaunce too light 
Upon a Nymph of Nonacris, whose forme and beautie bright 
Did set his heart on flaming fire. She used not to spinne, 
Nor yet to curie hir frisled haire with bodkin or with pinne. 
A garment with a buckled belt fast girded did she weare, 
And in a white and slender Call slight trussed was hir heare. J>- 

Sometime a dart sometime a bow she used for to beare. j 

She was a knight of Phebes troope. There came not at the mount 
Of Menalus of whome Diana made so great account. 520 

But favor never lasteth long. The Sunne had gone that day 
A good way past the poynt of Noone : when werie of hir way 
She drue to shadowe in a wood that never had bene cut. 
Here off hir shoulder by and by hir quiver did she put, 
And hung hir bow unbent aside, and coucht hir on the ground 
Hir quiver underneth hir head : whom when that Jove had found 
Alone and wearie, sure (he said) my wife shall never know 
Of this escape, and if she do, I know the worst I trow. > 

She can but chide, shall feare of chiding make me to forslow ? J 

He counterfeiteth Phebe streight in countnance and aray, 530 

And says O virgine, of my troope, where dist thou hunt to day ? 
The Damsell started from the ground and said hayle Goddesse deare, 
Of greater worth than Jove (I thinke) though Jove himself did heare. 
Jove heard hir well and smylde thereat, it made his heart rejoyce 
To heare the Nymph preferre him thus before himselfe in choyce. 
He fell to kissing : which was such as out of square might seeme, 
And in such sort as that a mayde could nothing lesse beseeme. 
And as she would have told what woods she ranged had for game, 
He tooke hir fast betweene his armes, and not without his shame, > 
Bewrayed playnly what he was and wherefore that he came. J 540 

The wench against him strove as much as any woman could : 
1 would that Juno had it seene : for then I know thou would 
Not take the deede so heynously : with all hir might she strove : 
But what poore wench, or who alive could vanquish mighty Jove ? 
Jove having sped flue straight to heaven. She hateth in hir hart 
The guiltlesse fields and wood where Jove had playd that naughty part. 
Away she goes in such a griefe as that she had welnie 
Forgot hir quiver wich hir shaftes and bow that hanged by. 
Dictynna garded with hir traine and proude of killing Deere, 
In raunging over Menalus espying cald hir neere. 550 

The Damsell hearing Phebe call, did run away amaine, 
She feared least in Phebes shape that Jove had come againe, 
But when she saw the troope of Nymphes that garded hir about, 
She thought there was no more deceyt, and came among the rout. 

5i 



Oh Lord how hard a matter ist for guiltie hearts to shift, 

And kepe their countnance ? from the ground hir eyes scarce durst she lift. 

She prankes not by hir mistresse side, she preases not to bee 

The foremost of the companie, as when she erst was free, 

She standeth muet : and by chaunging of hir colour ay, 

The treading of hir shooe awrie she plainely doth bewray: > 560 

Diana might have founde the fault but that she was a May. 

A thousand tokens did appeare apparant to the eye, 

By which the Nymphes themselves (men say) hir fault did well espie. 

Nine times the Moone full too the worlde had shewde hir horned face 

When fainting through hir brothers flames and hunting in the chace, 

She found a coole and shadie lawnde, through midst wherof she spide 

A shallowe brooke with trickling streame on gravell bottom glide, 

And liking well the pleasant place, upon the upper brim 

She dipt hir foote, and finding there the water coole and trim, 

Away (she sayd) with standers by: and let us bath us here. 570 

Then Parrhasis cast downe hir head with sad and bashfull chere. 

The rest did strip them to their skinnes : she only sought delay, 

Untill that would or would she not hir clothes were pluckt away. 

Then with hir naked body straight hir crime was brought to light. 

Which yll ashamde as with hir hands she would have hid from sight, 

Fie beast (quoth Cynthia) get thee hence thou shalt not here defile 

This sacred spring, and from hir traine she did hir quite exile. 

The Matrone of the thundring Jove had incling of the fact, 

Delaying till convenient time the punishment to exact. 
There is no cause of further stay. To spight hir heart withall, 580 

Hir husbands Leman bare a boy that Areas men did call. 
On whome she casting lowring looke with fell and cruell minde 
Saide : was there, arrant strumpet thou, none other shift to finde, 
But that thou needes must be with barne, that all the world must see 
My husbandes open shame and thine in doing wrong to mee? 
But neyther unto heaven nor hell this trespasse shalt thou beare. 
I will bereve thee of thy shape through pride whereof thou were 
So hardy to entyce my Feere. Immediatly with that 
She raught hir by the foretop fast and fiercely threw hir flat 
Against the grounde. The wretched wench hir armes up mekely cast, 590 

Hir armes began with griesly heare too waxe all rugged fast. 
Hir handes gan warpe and into pawes ylfavordly to grow, 
And for to serve in stede of feete. The lippes that late ago 
Did like the mightie Jove so well, with side and flaring flappes 
Became a wide deformed mouth, and further least perhaps 
Hir prayers and hir humble wordes might cause hir to relent : 
She did bereve hir of hir speach. In steade whereof there went 
An yrefull horce and dreadfull voyce out from a threatning throte : 
But yet the selfe same minde that was before she turnde hir cote, 
Was in hir still in shape of Beare. The griefe whereof she showes 600 

By thrusting forth continuall sighes : and up she gastly throwes 
Such kinde of handes as then remainde unto the starrie Skie. 
And forbicause she could not speake, she thought Jove inwardly 
To be unthankfull. Oh how oft she daring not abide 
Alone among the desert woods, full many a time and tide, 

5 2 



Woulde stalke before hir house in grounds that were hir owne erewhile ? 

How oft oh did she in the hilles the barking houndes beguile? 

And in the lawndes where she hir selfe had chased erst hir game, 

Now flie hirselfe to save hir lyfe when hunters sought the same ? 

Full oft at sight of other beastes she hid hir head for feare, 610 

Forgetting what she was hir selfe, for though she were a Beare, 

Yet when she spied other Beares she quooke for verie paine : 

And feared Wolves although hir Sire among them did remaine. 

Beholde Lycaons daughters sonne that Archas had to name 

About the age of fiftene yeares within the forrest came 
Of Erymanth, not knowing ought of this his mothers case. 
There after pitching of his toyles, as he the stagges did chase, 
Upon his mother sodenly it was his chaunce to light, 
Who for desire to see hir sonne did stay hirselfe from flight, 
And wistly on him cast hir looke as one that did him know. 620 

But he not knowing what shee was began his heeles to show. 
And when he saw hir still persist in staring on his face, 
He was afrayde, and from hir sight withdrew himselfe a pace, 
But when he could not so be rid, he tooke an armed pike, 
In full intent hir through the hart with deadly wound to strike. 
But God almighty held his hand, and lifting both away 
Did disappoint the wicked Act. For straight he did convay 
Them through the Ayre with whirling windes to top of all the skie, 
And there did make them neighbour starres about the Pole on hie. 

When Juno shining in the heaven hir husbands minion found, 630 

She swelde for spight : and downe she comes to watry Tethis round 
And unto olde Oceanus, whome even the Gods aloft 
Did reverence for their just deserts full many a time and oft. 
To whom demaunding hir the cause : And aske ye (quoth she) why 
That I which am the Queene of Goddes come hither from the sky ? 
Good cause there is I warrant you. Another holdes my roome. 
For never trust me while I live, if when the night is come, 
And overcasteth all the world with shadie darkenesse whole, 
Ye see not in the heigth of heaven hard by the Northren Pole 
Whereas the utmost circle runnes about the Axeltree 640 

In shortest circuit, gloriously enstalled for to bee 
In shape of starres the stinging woundes that make me yll apayde. 
Now is there (trow ye) any cause why folke should be afrayde 
To do to Juno what they list, or dread hir wrathfull mood, 
Which only by my working harme doe turne my foes to good ? 

what a mightie act is done ? how passing is my powre : 

1 have bereft hir womans shape, and at this present howre > 
She is become a Goddesse. Loe this is the scourge so sowre J 
Wherewith I strike mine enimies. Loe here is all the spight 

That I can doe: this is the ende of all my wondrous might. 650 

No force. I would he should (for me) hir native shape restore, 

And take away hir brutish shape, Like as he hath before 

Done by his other Paramour that fine and proper piece 

Of Argos whom he made a Cow, I meane Phoronews Niece. 

Why makes he not a full devorce from me, and in my stead 

Straight take his Sweetheart to his wife, and coll hir in my bed ? 

53 



) 



i ur 

} 



He can not doe a better deede (I thinke) than for to take 

Lycaon to his fatherinlaw. But if that you doe make 

Accompt of me your foster childe, then graunt that for my sake, 

The Oxen and the wicked Waine of starres in number seven, 660 

For whoredome sake but late ago receyved into heaven, 

May never dive within your waves. Ne let that strumpet vyle 

By bathing of hir filthie limmes your waters pure defile. 

The Gods did graunt hir hir request : and straight to heaven she flue, 
In hadsome Chariot through the Ayre, which painted peacocks drue 
As well beset with biasing eyes late tane from Argus hed, 
As thou, thou prating Raven white by nature being bred, 
Hadst on thy fethers justly late a coly colour spred. 
For this same birde in auncient time had fethers faire and whight 
As ever was the driven snow, or silver cleare and bright. 670 

He might have well comparde himselfe in beautie with the Doves 
That have no blemish, or the Swan that running water loves : 
Or with the Geese that afterward should with their gagling out 
Preserve the Romaine Capitoll beset with foes about. 
His tongue was cause of all his harme, his tading tongue did make 
His colour which before was white, became so foule and blake. 
Coronis of Larissa was the fairest maide of face, 
In all the land of Thessalie. Shee stoode in Phebus grace 
As long as that she kept hir chast, or at the least as long 

As that she scaped unespide in doing Phebus wrong. 680 

But at the last Apollos birde hir privie packing spide, 
Whom no entreatance could persuade, but that he swiftly hide 
Him to his maister, to bewray the doings of his love. 
Now as he flue, the pratling Crow hir wings apace did move: 
And overtaking fell in talke and was inquisitive 
For what intent and to what place he did so swiftly drive. 
And when she heard the cause thereof, she said : now trust me sure, 
This message on the which thou goste no goodnesse will procure. 
And therefore hearken what I say : disdaine thou not at all, 
To take some warning by thy friende in things that may befall. 690 

Consider what I erst have bene, and what thou seest me now : 
And what hath bene the ground hereof. I bodly dare avow, 
That thou shalt finde my faithfulnesse imputed for a crime. 
For Pallas in a wicker chest had hid upon a time 
A childe calde Ericthonius, whome never woman bare, 
And tooke it unto Maidens three that Cecrops daughters were, 
Not telling them what was within, but gave them charge to keepe 
The Casket shut, and for no cause within the same to peepe. 
I standing close among the leaves upon an Elme on hie, 

Did marke their doings and their wordes, and there I did espie > 700 

How Pandrosos and Herse kept their promise faithfully. J 

Aglauros calles them Cowardes both, and makes no more a doe, 
But takes the Casket in hir hand, and doth the knots undooe. 
And there they saw a childe whose partes beneath were like a Snake. 
Straight to the Goddesse of this deede a just report I make. 
For which she gave me this reward that never might 1 more 
Accompt hir for my Lady and my Mistresse as before. 

54 






And in my roume she put the fowle that flies not but by night. 

A warning unto other birdes my lucke should be of right, 

To holde their tongues for being shent. But you will say perchaunce, 710 

I came unsentfor of my selfe, she did me not advaunce. 

I dare well say, though Pallas now my heavie Mistresse stand, 

Yet if perhaps ye should demaund the question at hir hand, 

As sore displeased as she is, she would not this denie : 

But that she chose me first hirself to beare hir companie. 

For (well I know) my father was a prince of noble fame, 

Of Phocis King by long discent, Coronew was his name. 

I was his darling and his joy, and many a welthie Piere 

(I would not have you thinke disdaine) did seeke me for their Fere. 

My forme and beautie did me hurt. For as I leysurely 720 

Went jetting up and downe the shore upon the gravell drie, 

As yet I customably doe : the God that rules the seas 

Espying me fell straight in love. And when he saw none ease 

In sute, but losse of wordes and time he oflred violence, 

And after me he runnes apace. I skudde as fast fro thence, 

From sand to shore, from shore to sand, still playing Foxe to hole, 

Untill I was so tirde that he had almost got the gole. 

Then cald I out on God and man. But (as it did appeare) 

There was no man so neare at hand that could my crying heare. 

A Virgin Goddesse pitied me bicause I was a mayde : 730 

And at the utter plunge and pinche did send me present ayde. 

I cast mine armes to heaven, mine armes waxt light with fethers black, 1 

I went about to cast in hast my garments from my back, I 

And all was fethers. In my skinne the rooted fethers stack. 

I was about with violent hand to strike my naked breast, 

But nether had I hand nor breast that naked more did reast. 

I ran, but of my feete as erst remained not the print, 

Me thought I glided on the ground. Anon with sodaine dint, 

I rose and hovered in the Ayre. And from that instant time 

Did wait on Pallas faithfully without offence or crime. 740 

But what availes all this to me, and if that in my place 

The wicked wretch Nyctyminee (who late for lacke of grace 

Was turned to an odious birde) to honor called bee ? 

I pray thee didst thou never heare how false Nyctyminee 

(A thing all over Lesbos knowne) defilde hir fathers couch ? 

The beast is now become a birde : whose lewdnesse doth so touch 

And pricke hir guiltie conscience, that she dares not come in sight, 

Nor shewe hirselfe abrode a days, but fleeteth in the night 

For shame least folke should see hir fault : and every other birde 

Doth in the Ayre and Ivie toddes with wondring at hir girde. 750 

A mischiefe take thy tatling tongue the Raven answerde tho. 

Thy vaine forspeaking moves me not. And so he forth did go 

And tels his Lorde Apollo how he saw Coronis lie 

With Isthyis a Gentleman that dwelt in Thessalie. 

When Phebus hard his lovers fault, he fiersly gan to frowne, 
And cast his garlond from his head, and threw his viall downe. 

His colour chaungde, his face lookt pale, and as the rage of yre 

That boyled in his belking breast had set his heart on fyre, 

55 



He caught me up his wonted tooles, and bent his golden bow, 

And by and by with deadly stripe of unavoyded blow 760 

Strake through the breast the which his owne had toucht so oft afore. 

She wounded gave a piteous shrike, and (drawing from the sore 

The deadly Dart the which the bloud pursuing after fast 

Upon hir white and tender limmes a scarlet colour cast) 

Saide P/iebus, well, thou might have wreakt this trespasse on my head "1 

And yet forborne me till the time I had bene brought a bed. I 

Now in one body by thy meanes a couple shall be dead. 

Thus muche she saide : and with the bloud hir life did fade away. 

The bodie being voyde of soule became as colde as clay. 

Than all too late, alas too late gan Phebus to repent 770 

That of his lover he had tane so cruell punishment. 

He blames himselfe for giving eare so unadvisedly. 

He blames himselfe in that he tooke it so outragiously. 

He hates and bannes his faithfull birde bicause he did enforme 

Him of his lovers naughtinesse that made him so to storme. 

He hates his bow, he hates his shaft that rashly from it went : 

And eke he hates his hasty hands by whom the bow was bent. 

He takes hir up betweene his armes endevoring all too late 

By plaister made of precious herbes to stay hir helplesse fate. 

But when he saw there was no shift but that she needes must burne, 780 

And that the solemn sacred fire was prest to serve the turne : 

Then from the bottome of his heart full sorie sighes he fet, 

(For heavenly powres with watrie teares their cheekes may never wet) 

In case as when a Cow beholdes the cruell butcher stand 

With launcing Axe embrewd with bloud, and lifting up his hand 

Aloft to snatch hir sucking Calfe that hangeth by the heeles, 

And of the Axe the deadly dint upon his forehead feeles. 

Howbeit after sweete perfumes bestowde upon hir corse, 

And much embracing, having sore bewailde hir wrong divorse, 

He followed to the place assignde hir bodie for to burne. 790 

There coulde he not abide to see his seede to ashes turne, 

But tooke the baby from hir wombe and from the firie flame, 

And unto double Chyrons den conveyed straight the same. 

The Raven hoping for his truth to be rewarded well, 

He maketh blacke, forbidding him with whiter birdes to dwell. 

The Centaure Chyron in the while was glad of Phebus boy, 

And as the burthen brought some care, the honor brought him joy. 
Upon a time with golden lockes about hir shoulders spred, 
A daughter of the Centaurs (whome a certaine Nymph had bred, 
About the brooke Caycus bankes) that hight OcyroS 800 

Came thither. This same fayre yong Nymph could not contented be 
To learne the craft of Surgerie as perfect as hir Sire, 
But that to learne the secret doomes of Fate she must aspire. 
And therfore when the furious rage of frenzie had hir cought, 
And that the spright of Prophecie enflamed had hir thought, 
She lookt upon the childe and saide : sweete babe the Gods thee make 
A man, for all the world shall fare the better for thy sake. 
All sores and sicknesse shalt thou cure : thy powre shall eke be syche, 
To make the dead alive again. For doing of the whiche 

56 



Against the pleasure of the Gods, thy Graundsire shall thee strike 810 

So with his fire, that never more thou shalt performe the like. 

And of a God a bludlesse corse, and of a corse (full straunge) 

Thou shalt become a God againe, and twice thy nature chaunge. 

And thou my father liefe and deare, who now by destinie, 

Art borne to live for evermore and never for to die, 

Shalt suffer such outragious paine throughout thy members all, 

By wounding of a venimde dart that on thy foote shall fall, 

That oft thou shalt desire to die, and in the latter end 

The fatall dames shall breake thy threede, and thy desire thee send. 

There was yet more behinde to tell, when sodenly she fet 820 

A sore deepe sigh, and downe hir cheekes the teares did trickle wet. 

Mine owne misfortune (quoth she) now hath overtake me sure. 

I cannot utter any more, for wordes waxe out of ure. > 

My cunning was not worth so much as that it should procure J 

The wrath of God. I feele by proufe far better had it bene : 

If that the chaunce of things to come I never had foreseene. 

For now my native shape withdrawes. Me thinkes I have delight 

To feede on grasse and fling in fieldes : I feele my selfe so light. 

I am transformed to a Mare like other of my kinne. 

But wherefore should this brutish shape all over wholy winne? 830 

Considering that although both horse and man my father bee : 

Yet is his better part a man as plainly is to see. 

The latter ende of this complaint was fumbled in such wise, 

As what she meant the standers by could scarcely well devise. 

Anon she neyther semde to speake nor fully for to ney, 

But like to one that counterfeites in sport the Mare to play. 

Within a while she neyed plaine, and downe hir armes were pight 

Upon the ground all clad with haire, and bare hir bodie right : 

Hir fingers joyned all in one, at ende whereof did grow 

In stede of nayles a round tough hoofe of welked home bylow. 840 

Hir head and necke shot forth in length, hir kirtle trayne became 

A faire long taile. Hir flaring haire was made a hanging Mane. 

And as hir native shape and voyce most monstrously did passe, 

So by the uncoth name of Mare she after termed was. 

The Centaure Chyron wept hereat : and piteously dismaide 
Did call on thee (although in vaine) thou Delphian God for ayde. 
For neyther lay it in thy hande to breake Joves mighty hest : 
And though it had, yet in thy state as then thou did not rest. 
In Elis did thou then abide and in Messene lande. 

It was the time when under shape of shepehierd with a wande 850 

Of Olyve and a pipe of reedes thou kept Admetus sheepe. 
Now in this time that (save of Love) thou tooke none other keepe, 
And madste thee merrie with thy pipe, the glistring Maias sonne 
By chaunce abrode the fields of Pyle spide certaine cattle runne 
Without a hierd, the which he stole and closely did them hide 
Among the woods. This pretie slight no earthly creature spide, 
Save one old churle that Battus hight. This Battus had the charge 
Of welthie Neleus feeding groundes, and all his pastures large, 

57 



) 



And kept a race of goodly Mares. Of him he was afraide. 

And least by him his privie theft should chaunce to be bewraide, ^ 860 

He tooke a bribe to stop his mouth, and thus unto him saide. 

My friend I pray thee if perchaunce that any man enquire 

This cattell say thou saw them not. And take thou for thy hire 

This faire yong Bullocke. Tother tooke the Bullocke at his hand. 

And shewing him a certaine stone that lay upon the lande 

Sayd, go thy way : Assoone this stone thy doings shall bewray, 

As I shall doe. So Mercurie did seeme to go his way. 

Annon he commes me backe againe, and altred both in speche 

And outward shape, saide Countrieman Ich heartely bezeche, 

And if thou zawest any Kie come royling through this grounde, 870 

Or driven away, tell what he was and where they may be vownde. 

And I chill gethee vor thy paine an Hecfar an hir match. 

The Carle perceyving double gaine, and greedy for to catch, 

Sayde : under yonsame hill they were, and under yonsame hill 

Cham zure they are, and with his hand he poynted thereuntill, 

At that Mercurius laughing saide : false knave, and doste bewray 

Me to my selfe ? doste thou bewray me to my selfe I say ? 

And with that word straight to a stone he turnde his double heart, 

In which the slaunder yet remaines without the stones desart. 

The bearer of the charmed Rod the suttle Mercurie 880 

This done arose with waving winges and from that place did flie. 
And as he hovered in the Ayre, he viewde the fieldes bylow 
Of Atticke and the towne it selfe with all the trees that grow > 

In Lycey where the learned Clarkes did wholsome preceptes show. J 

By chaunce the verie selfe same day, the virgins of the towne 
Of olde and auncient custome bare in baskets on their crowne 
Beset with garlands fresh and gay and strowde with flowres sweete, 
To Pallas towre such sacrifice as was of custome meete. 
The winged God beholding them returning in a troupe, 

Continued not directly forth, but gan me downe to stoupe, 890 

And fetch a wyndlasse rounde about. And as the hungry Kite 
Beholding unto sacrifice a Bullocke redie dight, 
Doth sore about his wished pray desirous for to snatche, 
But that he dareth not for such as stand about and watch : 
So Mercurie with nimble wings doth keepe a lower gate 
About Minervas loftie towres in round and wheeling rate. 

As far as doth the Morning starre in cleere and streaming light 

Excell all other starres in heaven : as far also as bright 
Dame Phebe dimmes the Morning starre, so farre did Herses face 
Staine all the Ladies of hir troupe : she was the verie grace 900 

And beautie of that solemne pompe, and all that traine so fayre. 
Joves sonne was ravisht with the sight, and hanging in the ayre 
Began to swelt within himself, in case as when the poulder 
Hath driven the Pellet from the Gunne, the Pellet ginnes to smoulder, 
And in his flying waxe more hote. In smoking brest he shrowdes 
His fiamej not brought fro heaven above but caught beneath the clouds. 
He leaves his jorney toward heaven, and takes another race 
Not minding any lenger time to hide his present case. 



So great a trust and confidence his beautie to him gave : 

Which though it seemed of it selfe sufficient force to have: > 910 

Yet was he curious for to make himselfe more fine and brave. 

He kembd his head, and strokt his beard, and pried on every side, 

To see that in his furniture no wrinkle might be spide. 

And forbicause his Cloke was fringde and garded brode with golde, 

He cast it on his shoulder up most seemely to beholde. 

He takes in hand his charmed rod that bringeth things asleepe, 

And wakes them when he list againe. And lastly taketh keepe 

That on his faire welformed feete his golden shooes sit cleene, 

And that all other things thereto well correspondent beene. 

In Cecrops Court were Chambers three set far from all resort, 920 

With yvorie beddes all furnished in far most royall sort. 

Of which Aglauros had the left, and Pandrose had the right, 

And Herse had the middlemost. She that Aglauros hight 

First markt the comming of the God, and asking him his name, 

Demaunded him for what entent and cause he thither came. 

Pleiones Nephew Maias sonne did make hir aunswere thus. 

I am my fathers messenger his pleasure to discusse 

To mortall folke and hellish fiendes, as list him to commaund. 

My father is the mightie Jove. To that thou doste demaund, 

I will not feyne a false excuse : I aske no more but graunt 930 

To keepe thy sisters counsell close, and for to be the Aunt 

Of such the issue as on hir my chaunce shalbe to get : 

Thy sister Herse is the cause that hath me hither fet : > 

I pray thee beare thou with my love that is so firmely set. J 

Aglauros cast on Mercurie hir scornfull eyes aside, 

With which against Minervas will hir secretes late she spide, 

Demaunding him in recompence a mighty masse of Golde : 

And would not let him enter in until the same were tolde. 

The warlike Goddesse cast on hir a sterne and cruell looke, 

And fetched such a cutting sigh that forcibly it shooke 940 

Both brest and brestplate, wherewithall it came unto hir thought, 

How that Aglauros late ago against hir will had wrought 

In looking on the Lemman childe (contrarie to hir othe) 

The which she tooke hir in the chest : for which she waxed wrothe. 

Againe she saw hir cancred hart maliciously repine 

Against hir sister and the God. And furthermore in fine 

How that the golde which Mercurie had given hir for hir meede, 

Would make hir both in welth and pride all others to exceede. 

She goes me straight to Envies house, a foule and irksome cave 

Replete with blacke and lothly filth and stinking like a grave. 950 

It standeth in a hollow dale where neyther light of Sunne, 

Nor blast of any winde or Ayre may for the deepenesse come. 

A dreyrie sad and dolefull den ay full of slouthfull colde, 

As which ay dimd with smoldring smoke doth never fire beholde. 

When Pallas that same manly Maide approched nere this plot, 

She staide without, for to the house in enter might she not. 

And with hir Javelin point did give a push against the doore. 

The doore flue open by and by, and fell me in the floore. 

There saw she Envie sit within fast gnawing on the flesh 

59 



Of Snakes and Todes, the filthie foode that keepes hir vices fresh. 960 

It lothde hir to beholde the sight. Anon the Elfe arose 
And left the gnawed Adders flesh, and slouthfully she goes 
With lumpish leysure like a Snayle : and when she saw the face 
Of Pallas and hir faire attire adournde with heavenly grace, 
She gave a sigh a sorie sigh from bottome of hir heart. 
Hir lippes were pale, hir cheekes were wan, and all hir face was swart : 
Hir bodie leane as any Rake. She looked eke a skew : 
Hir teeth were furde with filth and drosse, hir gums were waryish blew. 
The working of hir festered gall had made hir stomacke greene. 
And all bevenimde was hir tongue. No sleepe hir eyes had seene. 970 

Continuall Carke and cancred care did keepe hir waking still : 
Of laughter (save at others harmes) the Helhound can no skill. 
It is against hir will that men have any good successe. 
And if they have, she frettes and fumes within hir minde no lesse 
Than if hir selfe had taken harme. In seeking to annoy : 
And worke distresse to other folke, hir selfe she doth destroy. 
Thus is she torment to hir selfe. Though Pallas did hir hate, 
Yet spake she briefly these few wordes to hir without hir gate. 
Infect thou with thy venim one of Cecrops daughters three, 

It is Aglauros whome I meane : for so it needes must bee. 980 

This said, she pight hir speare in ground, and tooke hir rise thereon. "] 
And winding from that wicked wight did take hir flight anon. > 

The Caitife cast hir eye aside, and seeing Pallas gon, J 

Began to mumble with hir selfe the Divels Paternoster, 
And fretting at hir good successe, began to blow and bluster. 
She takes a crooked staffe in hand bewreathde with knubbed prickes, 
And covered with a coly cloude, where ever that she stickes 
Hir filthie feete she tramples downe and seares both grasse and corne : 
That all the fresh and fragrant fieldes seeme utterly forlorne. 
And with hir staffe she tippeth of the highest poppie heades. 990 

Such poyson also every where ungraciously she sheades, 
That every Cottage where she comes, and every Towne and Citie 
Doe take infection at hir breath. At length (the more is pitie) 
She found the faire Athenian towne that flowed freshly then 
In feastfull peace and joyfull welth and learned witts of men. 
And forbicause she nothing saw that might provoke to weepe, 
It was a corsie to hir heart hir hatefull teares to keepe. 
Now when she came within the Court, she went without delay, 
Directly to the lodgings where King Cecrops daughters lay. 
There did she as Minerva bad : she laide hir scurvie fist 1000 

Besmerde with venim and with filth upon Aglauros brist. 
The which she fillde with hooked thornes : and breathing on hir face, 
Did shead the poyson in hir bones : which spred it selfe apace, 
As blacke as ever virgin pitch through Lungs and Lights and all. 
And to thintent that cause of griefe abundantly should fall, 
She placed ay before hir eyes hir sisters happie chaunce 
In being wedded to the God, and made the God to glaunce 
Continually in heavenly shape before hir wounded thought. 
And all these things she painted out : which in conclusion wrought 
Such corsies in Aglauros brest, that sighing day and night 10 10 

60 



She gnawde and fretted in hir selfe for very cankred spight. 

And like a wretche she wastes hirselfe with restlesse care and pine, 

Like as the yse whereon the Sunne with glimering light doth shine. 

Hir sister Herses good successe doth make hir heart to yerne, 

In case as when that fire is put to greenefeld wood or fearne, 

Which giveth neyther light nor heate, but smulders quite away. "] 

Sometime she minded to her Sire hir sister to bewray, ^ 

Who (well she knew) would yll abide so lewde a part to play. J 

And oft she thought with wilfull hande to brust hir fatall threede, 

Bicause she woulde not see the thing that made hir heart to bleede. 1020 

At last she sate hir in the doore, and leaned to a post, 

To let the God from entring in. To whome now having lost 

Much talke and gentle wordes in vayne, she said : Sir leave I pray 

For hence I will not (be you sure) onlesse you go away. 

I take thee at thy word (quoth he) and therewithall he pusht 

His rod against the barred doore, and wide it open rusht. 

She making proffer for to rise, did feele so great a waight 

Through all hir limmes, that for hir life she could not stretch hir straight. 

She strove to set hirself upright : but striving booted not. 

Hir hamstrings and hir knees were stiffe, a chilling colde had got 1030 

In at hir nayles, through all hir limmes, and eke hir veynes began 

For want of bloud and lively heate, to waxe both pale and wan. 

And as the freting Fistula forgrowne and past all cure 

Runnes in the flesh from place to place, and makes the sound and pure 

As bad or worser than the rest : even so the cold of death, 

Strake to hir heart, and closde hir veines, and lastly stopt hir breath : 

She made no profer for to speake, and though she had done so, 

It had bene vaine. For way was none for language forth to go. 

Hir throte congealed into stone : hir mouth became hard stone, 

And like an image sate she still, hir bloud was clearely gone. 1040 

The which the venim of hir heart so fowly did infect, 

That ever after all the stone with freckled spots was spect. 

When Mercurie had punisht thus Aglauros spightfull tung 
And cancred heart immediatly from Pallas towne he flung. 
And flying up with flittering wings did pierce to heaven above. 
His father calde him straight aside (but shewing not his love) 
Said : sonne, my trustie messenger and worker of my will, 
Make no delay, but out of hand flie downe in hast untill 
The land that on the left side lookes upon thy mother's light, 
Yonsame where standeth on the coast the towne that Sidon hight. 1050 

The king hath there a heirde of Neate that on the mountaines feede : 
Go take and drive them to the sea with all convenient speede. 
He had no sooner said the worde but that the heirde begun 
Driven from the mountaine to the shore appointed for to run, 
Whereas the daughter of the king was wonted to resort 
With other Ladies of the Court there for to play and sport. 
Betweene the state of Majestie and love is set such oddes, 
As that they can not dwell in one. The Sire and king of Goddes 
Whose hand is armd with triplefire, who only with his frowne 
Makes Sea and Land and heaven to quake, doth lay his scepter downe 1060 
With all the grave and stately port belonging thereunto, 

61 



And putting on the shape of bull (as other cattell doe) 

Goes lowing gently up and downe among them in the field 

The fairest beast to looke upon that ever man beheld. 

For why ? his colour was as white as any winters snow 

Before that eyther trampling feete or Southerne winde it thow. 

His necke was brawnd with rolles of flesh, and from his chest before, 

A dangling dewlap hung me downe good halfe a foote and more. 

His homes were small, but yet so fine as that ye would have thought 

They had bene made by cunning hand, or out of waxe bene wrought. 1070 

More cleare they were a hundreth fold than is the Christall stone. 

In all his forehead fearfull frowne or wrinkle there was none. 

No fierce, no grim, no griesly looke as other cattle have : 

But altogether so demure as friendship seemde to crave. 

Agenors daughter marveld much so tame a beast to see, 

But yet to touche him at the first too bolde she durst not bee. 

Annon she reaches to his mouth hir hand with herbes and flowres. 

The loving beast was glad thereof, and neither frownes nor lowres. 

But till the hoped joy might come with glad and fauning cheare 

He lickes hir hands, and scarce ah scarce the resdue he forbeare. 1080 

Sometime he friskes and skippes about, and showes hir sport at hand : 

Annon he layes his snowie side against the golden sand. 

So feare by little driven away, he ofrred eft his brest 

To stroke and coy, and eft his homes with flowers to be drest. 

At last Europa knowing not (for so the Maide was calde) 

On whome she venturde for to ride, was nerawhit appalde 

To set hir selfe upon his backe. Then by and by the God 

From maine drie land to maine moyst Sea gan leysurly to plod. 

At first he did but dip his feete within the outmost wave, 

And backe againe : then further in another plunge he gave, 1090 

And so still further, till at the last he had his wished pray 

Amid the deepe, where was no meanes to scape with life away. 

The Ladie quaking all for feare, with rufull countnance cast 

Ay toward shore from whence she came, held with hir righthand fast 

One of his homes: and with the left did stay upon his backe. 

The weather flaskt and whisked up hir garments being slacke. 






Finis secundi Libri. 



62 




THE THIRD BOOKE 

of Ovids Metamorphosis. 

jHE God now having laide aside his borrowed shape of Bull, 
Had in his likenesse shewde himselfe : And with his pretie trull 
Tane landing in the Isle of Crete. When in that while hir Sire 
Not knowing where she was become, sent after to enquire 
Hir brother Cadmus^ charging him his sister home to bring, 
Or never for to come againe : wherein he did a thing, 
For which he might both justly kinde,and cruell called bee. "| 
When Cadmus over all the world had sought, (for who is hee I 

That can detect the thefts of Jove ?) and no where could hir see : 
Then as an outlaw (too avoyde his fathers wrongfull yre) 10 

He went to Phebus Oracle most humbly to desire 
His heavenly counsell, where he would assigne him place to dwell. 
An Hecfar all alone in field (quoth Phebus) marke hir well, 
Which never bare the pinching yoke, nor drew the plough as yit, 
Shall meete thee : follow after hir, and where thou seest hir sit, 
There builde a towne, and let thereof Beotia be the name. 
Downe from Parnasus stately top scarce fully Cadmus came, 
When royling sofdy in the vale before the herde alone 
He saw an Hecfar on whose necke of servage print was none. 
He followde after leysurly as hir that was his guide, 20 

And thanked Phebus in his heart that did so well provide. 
Now had he past Cephisus forde, and eke the pleasant groundes 
About the Citie Panope conteinde within the boundes. 
The Hecfar staide, and lifting up hir forehead to the skie 
Full seemely for to looke upon with homes like braunches hie, \ 

Did with hir lowing fill the Ayre : and casting backe hir eie J 

Upon the rest that came aloofe, as softly as she could 
Kneelde down, and laide hir hairie side against the grassie mould. 
Then Cadmus gave Apollo thankes, and falling flat bylow, 

Did kisse the ground and haile the fields which yet he did not know. 30 

He was about to sacrifice to Jove the Heavenly King, 
And bad his servants goe and fetch him water of the spring. 

An olde forgrowne unfelled wood stood neare at hand thereby, 
And in the middes a queachie plot with Sedge and Oysiers hie. 
Where courbde about with peble stone in likenesse of a bow 
There was a spring with silver streames that forth thereof did flow. 
Here lurked in his lowring den God Mars his griesly Snake 
With golden scales and firie eyes beswolne with poyson blake. 
Three spirting tongues, three rowes of teeth within his head did sticke. 
No sooner had the Tirian folke set foote within this thicke 40 

And queachie plot, and deped downe their bucket in the well, 
But that to buscle in his den began this Serpent fell, 
And peering with a marble head right horribly to hisse. 
The Tirians let their pitchers slip for sodaine feare of this, 
And waxing pale as any clay, like folke amazde and flaight, 
Stoode trembling like an Aspen leafe. The specled serpent straight 

63 



Comes trailing out in waving linkes, and knottie rolles of scales, 

And bending into bunchie boughts his bodie forth he hales. 

And lifting up above the wast himselfe unto the Skie, 

He overlooketh all the wood, as huge and big welnie 50 

As is the Snake that in the heaven about the Nordren pole 

Devides the Beares. He makes no stay but deales his dreadfull dole 

Among the Tirians. Whether they did take them to their tooles, 

Or to their heeles, or that their feare did make them stand like fooles, 

And helpe themselves by none of both : he snapt up some alive, 

And swept in others with his taile, and some he did deprive 

Of life with rankenesse of his breath, and other some againe 

He stings and poysons unto death till all at last were slaine. 

Now when the Sunne was at his heigth and shadowes waxed short, 
And Cadmus saw his company make tarience in that sort, 60 

He marveld what should be their let, and went to seeke them out. 
His harnesse was a Lions skin that wrapped him about. 
His weapons were a long strong speare with head of yron tride, 
And eke a light and piercing Dart. And thereunto beside 
Worth all the weapons in the world a stout and valiant hart. 
When Cadmus came within the wood, and saw about that part 
His men lie slaine upon the ground, and eke their cruell fo 
Of bodie huge stand over them, and licking with his bio 
And blasting tongue their sorie woundes : well trustie friendes (quoth he) 
I eyther of your piteous deathes will streight revenger be, 70 

Or else will die my selfe therefore. With that he raughting fast 
A mightie Milstone, at the Snake with all his might it cast. 
The stone with such exceding force and violence forth was driven, 
As of a fort the bulwarkes strong and walles it would have riven. 
And yet it did the Snake no harme : his scales as hard and tough "I 
As if they had bene plates of mayle did fence him well inough, l 

So that the stone rebounded backe against his freckled slough. 
But yet his hardnesse savde him not against the piercing dart. 
For hitting right betweene the scales that yeelded in that part 
Whereas the joynts doe knit the backe, it thirled through the skin, 80 

And pierced to his filthy mawe and greedy guts within. 
He fierce with wrath wrings backe his head, and looking on the stripe 
The Javeling steale that sticked out, betweene his teeth doth gripe. 
The which with wresting to and fro at length he forthe did winde, 
Save that he left the head thereof among his bones behinde. 
When of his courage through the wound more kindled was the ire, 
His throteboll sweld with puffed veines, his eyes gan sparkle fire. 
There stoode about his smeared chaps a lothly foming froth. 
His skaled brest ploughes up the ground, the stinking breath that goth 
Out from his blacke and hellish mouth infectes the herbes full fowle. 90 

Sometime he windes himselfe in knots as round as any Bowie. 
Sometime he stretcheth out in length as straight as any beame. 
Anon againe with violent brunt he rusheth like a streame 
Encreast by rage of latefalne raine, and with his mightie sway 
Beares downe the wood before his breast that standeth in his way. 
Agenors sonne retiring backe doth with his Lions spoyle 
Defend him from his fierce assaults, and makes him to recoyle 

64 



Aye holding at the weapons poynt. The Serpent waxing wood 

Doth crashe the Steele betwene his teeth, and bites it till the blood 

Dropt mixt with poyson from his mouth, did die the greene grasse blacke. ioo 

But yet the wound was verie light bicause he writhed backe 

And puld his head still from the stroke : and made the stripe to die 

By giving way, untill that Cadmus following irefully 

The stroke, with all his powre and might did through y throte him rive, 

And naylde him too an Oke behind the which he eke did clive. 

The Serpents waight did make the tree to bend. It grievde the tree 

His bodie of the Serpents taile thus scourged for to bee. 

While Cadmus wondred at the hugenesse of the vanquisht foe 

Upon the sodaine came a voyce : from whence he could not know. 
But sure he was he heard the voyce. Which said, Agenors sonne no 

What gazest thus upon this Snake ? the time will one day come 
That thou thy selfe shalt be a Snake. He pale and wan for feare, 
Had lost his speach : and ruffled up stifle staring stood his heare. 
Behold (mans helper at his neede) Dame Pallas gliding through 
The vacant Ayre was straight at hand, and bade him take a plough 
And cast the Serpents teeth in ground as of the which should spring 
Another people out of hand. He did in every thing 
As Pallas bade, he tooke a plough, and earde a forrow low 
And sowde the Serpents teeth whereof the foresaid folke should grow. 
Anon (a wondrous thing too tell) the clods began to move, 120 

And from the forrow first of all the pikes appearde above, 
Next rose up helmes with fethered crests, and then the Poldrens bright, 
Successively the Curets whole, and all the armor right. 
Thus grew up men like corne in field in rankes of battle ray 
With shieldes and weapons in their hands to feight the field that day 
Even so when stages are attirde against some solemne game, 
With clothes of Arras gorgeously, in drawing up the same 
The faces of the ymages doe first of all them show, "1 

And then by peecemeale all the rest in order seemes too grow, > 
Untill at last they stand out full upon their feete bylow. J 130 

Afrighted at this new found foes gan Cadmus for to take 

Him to his weapons by and by resistance for to make. 
Stay, stay thy selfe (cride one of them that late before were bred 
Out of the ground) and meddle not with civill warres. This sed, 
One of the brothers of that brood with launcing sworde he slue. 
Another sent a dart at him, the which him overthrue. 
The third did straight as much for him and made him yeelde the breath, 
(The which he had receyvde but now) by stroke of forced death. 
Likewise outraged all the rest untill that one by one 

By mutuall stroke of civill warre dispatched everychone, 140 

This broode of brothers all behewen and weltred in their blood, 
Lay sprawling on their mothers womb, the ground where erst they stood, 
Save only five that did remaine. Of whom Echion led 
By Pallas counsell, threw away the helmet from his head, 
And with his brothers gan to treat attonement for to make. 
The which at length (by Pallas helpe) so good successe did take, 

k 65 



) 



That faithful friendship was confirmd and hand in hand was plight. 
These afterward did well assist the noble Tyrian knight, 
In building of the famous towne that Phebus had behight. 

Now Thebes stood in good estate, now Cadmus might thou say 1 50 

That when thy father banisht thee it was a luckie day. 
To joyne aliance both with Mars and Venus was thy chaunce, 
Whose daughter thou hadst tane to wife, who did thee much advaunce, 
Not only through hir high renowne, but through a noble race 
Of sonnes and daughters that she bare : whose children in like case 
It was thy fortune for to see all men and women growne. 
But ay the ende of every thing must marked be and knowne, 
For none the name of blessednesse deserveth for to have, 
Unlesse the tenor of this life last blessed to his grave. 

Among so many prosprous happes that flowde with good successe, 1 60 

Thine eldest Nephew was a cause of care and sore distresse. 
Whose head was armde with palmed homes, whose own hounds in y wood 
Did pull their master to the ground and fill them with his bloud. 
But if you sift the matter well, ye shall not finde desart 
But cruell fortune to have bene the cause of this his smart. 
For who could doe with oversight ? Great slaughter had bene made 
Of sundrie sortes of savage beastes one morning, and the shade 
Of things was waxed verie short. It was the time of day 
That mid betweene the East and West the Sunne doth seeme to stay ; 
When as the Thebane stripling thus bespake his companie, 170 

Still raunging in the waylesse woods some further game to spie. 
Our weapons and our toyles are moist and staind with bloud of Deare: 
This day hath done inough as by our quarrie may appeare. 
Assoone as with hir scarlet wheeles next morning bringeth light, 
We will about our worke againe. But now Hiperion bright 
Is in the middes of Heaven, and seares the fieldes with firie rayes. 
Take up your toyles, and ceasse your worke, and let us go our wayes. 
They did even so, and ceast their worke. There was a valley thicke 
With Pinaple and Cipresse trees that armed be with pricke. 
Gargaphie hight this shadie plot, it was a sacred place 180 

To chast Diana and the Nymphes that wayted on hir grace. 
Within the furthest end thereof there was a pleasant Bowre 
So vaulted with the leavie trees, the Sunne had there no powre : 
Not made by hand nor mans devise, and yet no man alive, 
A trimmer piece of worke than that could for his life contrive. 
With flint and Pommy was it wallde by nature halfe about, 
And on the right side of the same full freshly flowed out 
A lively spring with Christall streame : whereof the upper brim 
Was greene with grasse and matted herbes that smelled verie trim. 
When Phebe felt hir selfe waxe faint, of following of hir game, 190 

It was hir custome for to come and bath hir in the same. 
That day she having timely left hir hunting in the chace, 
Was entred with hir troupe of Nymphes within this pleasant place. 
She tooke hir quiver and hir bow the which she had unbent, 
And eke hir Javelin to a Nymph that served that intent. 
Another Nymph to take hir clothes among hir traine she chose, 
Two losde hir buskins from hir legges and pulled of hir hose. 

66 



The Thebane Ladie Crocale more cunning than the rest, 

Did trusse hir tresses handsomly which hung behind undrest. 

And yet hir owne hung waving still. Then Nipke nete and cleene 200 

With Hiale glistring like the grash in beautie fresh and sheene, 

And Rhanis clearer of hir skin than are the rainie drops, 

And little bibling Phyale, and Pseke that pretie Mops, 

Powrde water into vessels large to washe their Ladie with. 

Now while she keepes this wont, behold, by wandring in the frith 

He wist not whither (having staid his pastime till the morrow) 

Comes Cadmus Nephew to this thicke : and entring in with sorrow 

(Such was his cursed cruell fate) saw Phebe where she washt. 

The Damsels at the sight of man quite out of countnance dasht, 

(Bicause they everichone were bare and naked to the quicke) 210 

Did beate their handes against their brests, and cast out such a shricke, 

That all the wood did ring thereof: and clinging to their dame 

Did all they could to hide both hir and eke themselves fro shame. 

But Phebe was of personage so comly and so tall, 

That by the middle of hir necke she overpeerd them all. 

Such colour as appeares in Heaven by Phebus broken rayes 

Directly shining on the Cloudes, or such as is alwayes 

The colour of the Morning Cloudes before the Sunne doth show, 

Such sanguine colour in the face of Phcebe gan to glowe 

There standing naked in his sight. Who though she had hir gard 220 

Of Nymphes about hir : yet she turnde hir bodie from him ward. 

And casting backe an angrie looke, like as she would have sent 

An arrow at him had she had hir bow there readie bent : 

So raught the water in hir hande, and for to wreake the spight, 

Besprinckled all the heade and face of the unluckie Knight, \ 

And thus forespake the heavie lot that should upon him light. 

Now make thy vaunt among thy Mates, thou sawste Diana bare. 

Tell if thou can : I give thee leave : tell heardly : doe not spare. 

This done, she makes no further threates, but by and by doth spread 

A payre of lively olde Harts homes upon his sprinckled head. 230 

She sharpes his eares, she makes his necke both slender, long and lanke. 

She turnes his fingers into feete, his armes to spindle shanke. 

She wrappes him in a hairie hyde beset with speckled spottes, 

And planteth in him fearefulnesse. And so away he trottes, 

Full greatly wondring to him selfe what made him in that cace 

To be so wight and swift of foote. But when he saw his face 

And horned temples in the brooke, he would have cryde alas, 

But as for then no kinde of speach out of his lippes could passe. 

He sight and brayde : for that was then the speach that did remaine, 

And downe the eyes that were not his, his bitter teares did raine. 240 

No part remayned (save his minde) of that he earst had beene. 

What should he doe ? turne home againe to Cadmus and the Queene ? 

Or hyde himselfe among the Woods ? Of this he was afrayd, 

And of the tother ill ashamde. While doubting thus he stayd : 

His houndes espyde him where he was, and Blackfoote first of all 

And Stalker speciall good of sent began aloud to call. 
This latter was a hound of Crete, the other was of Spart. 
Then all the kenell fell in round, and everie for his part, 

67 



Dyd follow freshly in the chase more swifter than the winde, 

Spy, Eateal, Scalecliffe, three good houndes comne all of Areas Icinde. 250 

Strong Kilbucke, currish Savage, Spring, and Hunter fresh of smell, 

And Lightfoote who to lead a chase did beare away the bell. 

Fierce Woodman hurte not long ago in hunting of a Bore 

And Shepeheird woont to follow sheepe and neate to fielde afore. 

And Laund a fell and eger bitch that had a Wolfe to Syre : 

Another brach callde Greedigut with two hir Puppies by hir. 

And Ladon gant as any Greewnd a hownd in Sycion bred, 

Blab, Fleetewood, Patch whose necked skin w sundrie spots was spred : 

Wight, Bowman, Royster, beautie faire and white as winters snow, 

And Tawnie full of duslcie haires that over all did grow, 260 

With lustie Ruffler passing all the resdue there in strength, 

And Tempest best of footemanshipe in holding out at length. 

And Cole, and Swift, and little Woolfe, as wight as any other, 

Accompanide with a Ciprian hound that was his native brother, 

And Snatch amid whose forehead stoode a starre as white as snowe, 

The resdue being all as blacke and slicke as any Crowe, 

And shaggie Rugge with other twaine that had a Syre of Crete, 

And dam of Sparta : Tone of them callde Jollyboy, a great 

And large flewd hound : the tother Chorle who ever gnoorring went, 

And Ringwood with a shyrle loud mouth the which he freely spent, 270 

With divers mo whose names to tell it were but losse of tyme. 

This fellowes over hill and dale in hope of pray doe clyme. 

Through thick and thin and craggie cliffes where was no way to go, 

He flyes through groundes where oftentymes he chased had ere tho, 

Even from his owne folke is he faine (alas) to flee away. 

He strayned oftentymes to speake, and was about to say, > 

I am Acteon : know your Lorde and Mayster sirs I pray. 

But use of wordes and speach did want to utter forth his minde. 

Their crie did ring through all the Wood redoubled with the winde. 

First Slo did pinch him by the haunch, and next came Kildeere in, 280 

And Hylbred fastned on his shoulder, bote him through the skinne. 

These came forth later than the rest, but coasting thwart a hill, 

They did gainecope him as he came, and helde their Master still, 

Untill that all the rest came in, and fastned on him to. 

No part of him was free from wound. He could none other do 

But sigh, and in the shape of Hart with voyce as Hartes are woont, 

(For voyce of man was none now left to helpe him at the brunt) 

By braying show his secret grief among the Mountaynes hie, 

And kneeling sadly on his knees with dreerie teares in eye, 

As one by humbling of himselfe that mercy seemde to crave, 290 

With piteous looke in stead of handes his head about to wave. 

Not knowing that it was their Lord, the huntsmen cheere their hounds 

With wonted noyse and for Acteon looke about the grounds. 

They hallow who could lowdest crie still calling him by name 

As though he were not there, and much his absence they do blame, > 

In that he came not to the fall, but slackt to see the game. 

As often as they named him he sadly shooke his head, 

And faine he would have beene away thence in some other stead, 

But there he was. And well he could have found in heart to see 

68 



His dogges fell deedes, so that to feele in place he had not bee. 300 

They hem him in on everie side, and in the shape of Stagge, 

With greedie teeth and griping pawes their Lord in peeces dragge. 

So fierce was cruell Phcebes wrath, it could not be alayde, 

Till of his fault by bitter death the raunsome he had payde. 

Much muttring was upon this fact. Some thought there was extended 

A great deale more extremitie than neded. Some commended 

"Dianas doing : saying that it was but worthely 

For safegarde of hir womanhod. Eche partie did applie 

Good reasons to defende their case. Alone the wife of Jove, 

Of lyking or misliking it not all so greatly strove, 310 

As secredy rejoyst in heart that such a plague was light 

On Cadmus linage : turning all the malice and the spight 

Conceyved earst against the wench that Jove had fet fro Tyre, 

Upon the kinred of the wench. And for to fierce hir ire, 

Another thing cleane overthwart there commeth in the nicke : 

The Ladie Seme// great with childe by Jove as then was quicke. 

Hereat she gan to freat and fume, and for to ease hir heart, 

Which else would burst, she fell in hande with scolding out hir part. 
And what a goodyeare have I woon by scolding erst ? (she sed) 
It is that arrant queane hir selfe, against whose wicked hed 320 

I must assay to give assault : and if (as men me call) 

I be that Juno who in heaven beare greatest swing of all, 

If in my hand I worthie bee to holde the royall Mace, 

And if I be the Queene of Heaven and soveraigne of this place, 

Or wife and sister unto Jove, (his sister well I know : 

But as for wife that name is vayne, I serve but for a show, 

To cover other privie skapes) I will confound that Whore. 

Now (with a mischiefe) is she bagd and beareth out before 

Hir open shame to all the world, and shortly hopes to bee 

The mother of a sonne by Jove, the which hath hapt to mee 330 

Not passing once in all my time : so sore she doth presume 

Upon hir beautie. But I trowe hir hope shall soone consume. 

For never let me counted be for Saturns daughter more, 

If by hir owne deare darling Jove on whom she trustes so sore, 

I sende hir not to Styxes streame. This ended up she rose 

And covered in golden cloud to Semelles house she goes. 

And ere she sent away the cloud, she takes an olde wyves shape 

With hoarie haire and riveled skinne, with slow and crooked gate. 

As though she had the Palsey had hir feeble limmes did shake, 

And eke she foltred in the mouth as often as she spake. 340 

She seemd olde Beldame BeroS of Epidaure to bee, 

This Ladie Semelles Nourse as right as though it had beene shee. 
So when that after mickle talke of purpose ministred, 
Joves name was upned : by and by she gave a sigh and sed, 

I wish with all my heart that Jove bee cause to thee of this. 

But daughter deare I dreade the worst, I feare it be amisse. 

For manie Varlets under name of Gods, to serve their lust, 

Have into undefiled beddes themselves full often thrust. 

And though it bene the mightie Jove yet doth not that sufinze, 

Onlesse he also make the same apparant to our eyes. 350 

69 



} 



And if it be even verie hee, I say it doth behove, 

He prove it by some open signe and token of his love. 

And therefore pray him for to graunt that loolce in what degree, 

What order, fashion, sort and state he use to companie 

With mightie Juno, in the same in everie poynt and cace 

To all intents and purposes he thee likewise embrace, 

And that he also bring with him his bright threeforked mace. 

With such instructions Juno had enformed Cadmus Neece : 

And she poore sielie simple soule immediately on this 
Requested Jove to graunt a boone the which she did not name. 360 

Aske what thou wilt sweete heart (quoth he) thou shalt not misse the same, 
And for to make thee sure hereof, the grisely Stygian Lake, 
Which is the feare and God of Gods beare witnesse for thy sake. 
She joying in hir owne mischaunce, not having any powre 
To rule hir selfe, but making speede to hast hir fatall howre, 
In which she through hir Lovers helpe should worke hir owne decay, 
Sayd : Such as Juno findeth you when you and she doe play 
The games of Venus, such I pray thee shew thy selfe to mee 
In everie case. The God would faine have stopt hir mouth. But shee 
Had made such hast that out it was. Which made him sigh full sore, 370 

For neyther she could then unwish the thing she wisht before, 
Nor he revoke his solemne oth. Wherefore with sorie hart 
And heavy countnance by and by to Heaven he doth depart. 
And makes to follow after him with looke full grim and stoure 
The flakie clouds all grisly blacke, as when they threat a shoure. 
To which he added mixt with winde a fierce and flashing flame, 
With drie and dreadfull thunderclaps and lightning to the same 
Of deadly unavoyded dynt. And yet as much as may 
He goes about his vehement force and fiercenesse to allay. 

He doth not arme him with the fire with which he did remove 380 

The Giant with the hundreth handes Typhosus from above : > 

It was too cruell and too sore to use agaynst his Love. J 

The Cyclops made an other kinde of lightning farre more light, 
Wherein they put much lesse of fire, lesse fiercenesse, lesser might. 
It hight in Heaven the second Mace. Jove armes himselfe with this, 
And enters into Cadmus house where Semelles chamber is. 
She being mortall was too weake and feeble to withstande 
Such troublous tumultes of the Heavens : and therefore out of hande 
Was burned in hir Lovers armes. But yet he tooke away 

His infant from the mothers wombe unperfect as it lay, 390 

And (if a man may credit it) did in his thigh it sowe, 
Where byding out the mothers tyme, it did to ripenesse growe. 
And when the time of birth was come, his Aunt the Ladie Ine 
Did nourse him for a while by stealth and kept him trym and fine. 
The Nymphes of Nysa afterwarde did in their bowres him hide, 
And brought him up with Milke till tyme he might abrode be spyde. 

Now while these things were done on earth, and that by fatal doome 

The twice borne Bacchus had a tyme to mannes estate to come : 
They say that Jove disposde to myrth as he and Juno sate 

A drinking Nectar after meate in sport and pleasant rate, 400 

Did fall a jeasting with his wife, and saide : a greater pleasure 

70 



In Venus games ye women have than men beyonde all measure. 

She answerde no. To trie the truth, they both of them agree 

The wise Tyresias in this case indifferent judge to bee, 

Who both the man and womans joyes by tryall understood. 

For finding once two mightie Snakes engendring in a Wood, 

He strake them overthwart the backs, by meanes whereof beholde 

(As straunge a thing to be of truth as ever yet was tolde) 

He being made a woman straight, seven winter lived so. 

The eight he finding them againe did say unto them tho : 410 

And if to strike ye have such powre as for to turne their shape 

That are the givers of the stripe, before you hence escape, 

One stripe now will I lende you more. He strake them as beforne 

And straight returnd his former shape in which he first was borne. 

Tyresias therefore being tane to judge this jesting strife, 

Gave sentence on the side of Jove. The which the Queene his wife 

Did take a great deale more to heart than needed, and in spight 

To wreake hir teene upon hir Judge, bereft him of his sight. 

But Jove (for to the Gods it is unleeful to undoe 

The things which other of the Gods by any meanes have doe) 420 

Did give him sight in things to come for losse of sight of eye, 

And so his grievous punishment with honour did supplie. 

By meanes whereof within a while in Citie, fielde, and towne 

Through all the coast of AOny was bruted his renowne. 

And folke to have their fortunes read that dayly did resorte, 

Were aunswerde so as none of them could give him misreporte. 

The first that of his soothfast wordes had proufe in all the Realme, 
Was freckled Lyriop, whom sometime surprised in his streame, 
The floud Cephisus did enforce. This Lady bare a sonne 

Whose beautie at his verie birth might justly love have wonne. 430 

Narcissus did she call his name. Of whom the Prophet sage 
Demaunded if the childe should live to many yeares of age, 
Made aunswere, yea full long, so that him selfe he doe not know. 
The Soothsayers wordes seemde long but vaine, untill the end did show 
His saying to be true in deede by straungenesse of the rage, 
And straungenesse of the kinde of death that did abridge his age 
For when yeares three times five and one he fully lyved had, 
So that he seemde to stande beetwene the state of man and Lad, 
The hearts of divers trim yong men his beautie gan to move, 
And many a Ladie fresh and faire was taken in his love. 440 

But in that grace of Natures gift such passing pride did raigne, 
That to be toucht of man or Mayde he wholy did disdaine. 
A babling Nymph that Echo hight : who hearing others talke, 
By no meanes can restraine hir tongue but that it needes must walke, 
Nor of hir selfe hath powre to ginne to speake to any wight, 
Espyde him dryving into toyles the fearefull stagges of flight. 
This Echo was a body then and not an onely voyce, 
Yet of hir speach she had that time no more than now the choyce, 
That is to say of many wordes the latter to repeate. 

The cause thereof was Junos wrath. For when that with the feate 450 

She might have often taken Jove in daliance with his Dames, 
And that by stealth and unbewares in middes of all his games: 

7i 



This elfe would with hir tatling talke deteine hir by the way, 

Untill that Jove had wrought his will and they were fled away. 

The which when Juno did perceyve, she said with wrathfull mood, 

This tongue that hath deluded me shall doe thee little good : 

For of thy speach but simple use hereafter shalt thou have. 

The deede it selfe did straight confirme the threatnings that she gave. 

Yet Echo of the former talke doth double oft the ende 

And backe againe with just report the wordes earst spoken sende. 460 

Now when she sawe Narcissus stray about the Forrest wyde, 
She waxed warme and step for step fast after him she hyde. 

The more she followed after him and neerer that she came, 

The whoter ever did she waxe as neerer to hir flame. 

Lyke as the lively Brimstone doth which dipt about a match, 

And put but softly to the fire, the flame doth lightly catch. 

O Lord how often would she faine (if nature would have let) 

Entreated him with gentle wordes some favour for to get? 

But nature would not suffer hir nor give hir leave to ginne. 

Yet (so farre forth as she by graunt at natures hande could winne) 470 

Ay readie with attentive eare she harkens for some sounde, 

"Whereto she might replie hir wordes, from which she is not bounde. 

By chaunce the stripling being strayde from all his companie, 

Sayde : is there any bodie nie? straight Echo answerde: I. 

Amazde he castes his eye aside, and looketh round about, 

And come (that all the Forrest roong) aloud he calleth out. 

And come (sayth she :) he looketh backe, and seeing no man followe, 

Why fliste, he cryeth once againe : and she the same doth hallowe. 

He still persistes, and wondring much what kinde of thing it was 

From which that answering voyce by turne so duely seemde to passe, 480 

Sayd : let us joyne. She (by hir will desirous to have said, 

In fayth with none more willingly at any time or stead) 

Sayd : let us joyne. And standing somewhat in hir owne conceit, 

Upon these wordes she left the Wood, and forth she yeedeth streit, 

To coll the lovely necke for which she longed had so much. 

He runnes his way, and will not be imbraced of no such. 

And sayth : I first will die ere thou shalt take of me thy pleasure. 

She answerde nothing else thereto, but take of me thy pleasure. 

Now when she saw hir selfe thus mockt, she gate hir to the Woods, 

And hid hir head for verie shame among the leaves and buddes. 490 

And ever sence she lyves alone in dennes and hollow Caves. 

Yet stacke hir love still to hir heart, through which she dayly raves 

The more for sorrowe of repulse. Through restlesse carke and care 

Hir bodie pynes to skinne and bone, and waxeth wonderous bare. 

The bloud doth vanish into ayre from out of all hir veynes, 

And nought is left but voyce and bones: the voyce yet still remaynes: 

Hir bones they say were turnde to stones. From thence she lurking still 

In Woods, will never shewe hir head in field nor yet on hill. 

Yet is she heard of every man : it is hir onely sound, 

And nothing else that doth remayne alive above the ground. 500 

Thus had he mockt this wretched Nymph and many mo beside, 

That in the waters, Woods, and groves, or Mountaynes did abide. 

Thus had he mocked many men. Of which one, miscontent 

72 



To see himselfe deluded so, his handes to Heaven up bent, 
And sayd : I pray to God he may once feele fierce Cupids fire 
As I doe now, and yet not joy the things he doth desire. 
The Goddesse Ramnuse (who doth wrealce on wicked people take) 
Assented to his just request for ruth and pities sake. 

There was a Spring withouten mudde as silver cleare and still, 

Which neyther sheepeheirds, nor the Goates that fed upon the hill, 510 
Nor other cattell troubled had, nor savage beast had styrd, 
Nor braunch, nor sticke, nor leafe of tree, nor any foule nor byrd. 
The moysture fed and kept aye fresh the grasse that grew about, 
And with their leaves the trees did keepe the heate of Phoebus out. 
The stripling wearie with the heate and hunting in the chace, 
And much delighted with the spring and coolenesse of the place, 
Did lay him downe upon the brimme : and as he stooped lowe 
To staunche his thurst, another thurst of worse effect did growe. 
For as he dranke, he chaunst to spie the Image of his face, 

The which he did immediately with fervent love embrace. 520 

He feedes a hope without cause why. For like a foolishe noddie 
He thinkes the shadow that he sees, to be a lively boddie. 
Astraughted like an ymage made of Marble stone he lyes, 
There gazing on his shadow still with fixed staring eyes. 
Stretcht all along upon the ground, it doth him good to see 
His ardent eyes which like two starres full bright and shyning bee, 
And eke his fingars, fingars such as Bacchus might beseeme, 
And haire that one might worthely Apollos haire it deeme. 
His beardlesse chinne and yvorie necke, and eke the perfect grace 
Of white and red indifFerently bepainted in his face. 530 

All these he woondreth to beholde, for which (as I doe gather) 
Himselfe was to be wondred at, or to be pitied rather. 
He is enamored of himselfe for want of taking heede. 
And where he lykes another thing, he lykes himselfe in deede. 
He is the partie whome he wooes, and suter that doth wooe, 
He is the flame that settes on fire, and thing that burneth tooe. 
O Lord how often did he kisse that false deceitfull thing? 
How often did he thrust his armes midway into the spring, 
To have embraste the necke he saw and could not catch himselfe ? 
He knowes not what it was he sawe. And yet the foolishe elfe 540 

Doth burne in ardent love thereof. The verie selfe same thing 
That doth bewitch and blinde his eyes, encreaseth all his sting, 
Thou fondling thou, why doest thou raught the fickle image so ? 
The thing thou seekest is not there. And if a side thou go, 
The thing thou lovest straight is gone. It is none other matter 
That thou dost see, than of thy selfe the shadow in the water. 
The thing is nothing of it selfe : with thee it doth abide, 
With thee it would departe if thou withdrew thy selfe aside. 

No care of meate could draw him thence, nor yet desire of rest. 

But lying flat against the ground, and leaning on his brest, 550 

With greedie eyes he gazeth still uppon the falced face, 
And through his sight is wrought his bane. Yet for a little space 
He turnes and settes himselfe upright, and holding up his hands 
With piteous voyce unto the wood that round about him stands, 

L 73 



Cryes out and ses : alas ye Woods, and was there ever any, 

That loovde so cruelly as I ? you know : for unto many 

A place of harbrough have you beene, and fort of refuge strong. 

Can you remember any one in all your tyme so long, 

That hath so pinde away as I ? I see and am full faine, 

Howbeit that I like and see I cannot yet attaine : > 560 

So great a blindnesse in my heart through doting love doth raigne. J 

And for to spight me more withall, it is no journey farre, 

No drenching Sea, no Mountaine hie, no wall, no locke, no barre, 

It is but even a little droppe that keepes us two asunder. 

He would be had. For looke how oft I kisse the water under, 

So oft againe with upwarde mouth he ryseth towarde mee, 

A man would thinke to touch at least I should yet able bee. 

It is a trifle in respect that lettes us of our love. 

What wight soever that thou art come hither up above. 

pierlesse piece, why dost thou mee thy lover thus delude? 570 
Or whither fliste thou of thy friende thus earnestly pursude ? 

Iwis I neyther am so fowle nor yet so growne in yeares, 

That in this wise thou shouldst me shoon. To have me to their Feeres, 

The Nymphes themselves have sude ere this. And yet (as should appeere) 

Thou dost pretende some kinde of hope of friendship by the cheere. 

For when I stretch mine armes to thee, thou stretchest thine likewise, 

And if I smile thou smilest too : And when that from mine eyes 

The teares doe drop, I well perceyve the water stands in thine. 

Like gesture also dost thou make to everie becke of mine. 

And as by moving of thy sweete and lovely lippes I weene, 580 

Thou speakest words although mine eares conceive not what they beene. 

It is my selfe I well perceyve, it is mine Image sure, 

That in this sort deluding me, this furie doth procure. 

1 am inamored of my selfe, I doe both set on fire, 

And am the same that swelteth too, through impotent desire. 
What shall I doe ? be woode or wo ? whome shall I wo therefore ? 
The thing I seeke is in my selfe, my plentie makes me poore. 

would to God I for a while might from my bodie part. 
This wish is straunge to heare a Lover wrapped all in smart, 
To wish away the thing the which he loveth as his heart. J 590 
My sorrowe takes away my strength. I have not long to live, 
But in the floure of youth must die. To die it doth not grieve, 

For that by death shall come the ende of all my griefe and paine. 

1 woulde this yongling whome I love might lenger life obtaine : > 
For in one soule shall now delay we stedfast Lovers twaine. J 

This saide in rage he turnes againe unto the foresaide shade, 

And rores the water with the teares and sloubring that he made, > 

That through his troubling of the Well his ymage gan to fade. J 

Which when he saw to vanish so, Oh whither dost thou flie? 

Abide I pray thee heartely, aloud he gan to crie. 600 

Forsake me not so cruelly that loveth thee so deere, 

But give me leave a little while my dazled eyes to cheere 

With sight of that which for to touch is utterly denide, 

Thereby to feede my wretched rage and furie for a tide. 

As in this wise he made his mone, he stripped off" his cote 

74 



1 



And with his fist outragiously his naked stomacke smote. 
A ruddie colour where he smote rose on his stomacke sheere, 
Lyke Apples which doe partly white and striped red appeere. 
Or as the clusters ere the grapes to ripenesse fully come : 

An Orient purple here and there beginnes to grow on some. 610 

Which things assoone as in the spring he did beholde againe, 
He could no longer beare it out. But fainting straight for paine, 
As lith and supple waxe doth melt against the burning flame, 
Or morning dewe against the Sunne that glareth on the same : 
Even so by piecemale being spent and wasted through desire, 
Did he consume and melt away with Cupids secret fire. 
His lively hue of white and red, his cheerefulnesse and strength 
And all the things that lyked him did wanze away at length. 
So that in fine remayned not the bodie which of late 

The wretched Echo loved so. Who when she sawe his state, 620 

Although in heart she angrie were, and mindefull of his pride, 
Yet ruing his unhappie case, as often as he cride 
Alas, she cride alas likewise with shirle redoubled sound. 
And when he beate his breast, or strake his feete agaynst the ground, 
She made like noyse of clapping too. These are the wordes that last 
Out of his lippes beholding still his woonted ymage past. 
Alas sweete boy belovde in vaine, farewell. And by and by 
With sighing sound the selfe same wordes the Echo did reply. 
With that he layde his wearie head against the grassie place, 
And death did cloze his gazing eyes that woondred at the grace > 630 

And beautie which did late adorne their Masters heavenly face. J 

And afterward when into Hell receyved was his spright, 
He goes me to the Well of Styx, and there both day and night 
Standes tooting on his shadow still as fondely as before. 
The water Nymphes his sisters wept and wayled for him sore, > 

And on his bodie strowde their haire dipt off and shorne therefore. J 
The Woodnymphes also did lament. And Echo did rebound 
To every sorrowfull noyse of theirs with like lamenting sound. 
The fire was made to burne the corse, and waxen Tapers light. 
A Herce to lay the bodie on with solemne pompe was dight. 640 

But as for bodie none remaind : In stead thereof they found 
A yellow floure with milke white leaves new sprong upon the ground. 
This matter all Achaia through did spreade the Prophets fame : 
That every where of just desert renowmed was his name. 
But Penthey olde Echions sonne (who proudely did disdaine 
Both God and man) did laughe to scorne the Prophets words as vaine, 
Upbraiding him most spitefully with loosing of his sight, 
And with the fact for which he lost fruition of this light. 
The good olde father (for these words his pacience much did move) 
Said : O how happie shouldest thou be and blessed from above, 650 

If thou wert blinde as well as I, so that thou might not see 
The sacred rytes of Bacchus band ? For sure the time will bee, 
And that full shortely (as I gesse) that hither shall resort 
Another Bacchus Semelles sonne, whom if thou not support 
With pompe and honour like a God, thy carcasse shall be tattred, 
And in a thousand places eke about the Woods be scattred. 

IS 



And for to reade thee what they are that shall perfourme the deede, 
It is thy mother and thine Auntes that thus shall make thee bleede. 
I know it shall so come to passe, for why thou shalt disdaine, 
To honour Bacchus as a God : and then thou shalt with paine 660 

Feele how that blinded as I am, I sawe for thee too much. 
As olde Tiresias did pronounce these wordes and other such, 
Echions sonne did trouble him. His wordes prove true in deede, 
For as the Prophet did forespeake, so fell it out with speede. 
Anon this newefound Bacchus commes : the woods and fieldes rebound, 
With noyse of shouts and howling out, and such confused sound. 
The folke runne flocking out by heapes, men, Mayds, and wives togither 
The noble men and rascall sorte ran gadding also thither, 
The Orgies of this unknowne God full fondely to performe, 
The which when Penthey did perceyve, he gan to rage and storme, 670 

And sayde unto them. O ye ympes of Mars his snake by kinde, 
What ayleth you? what fiend of hell doth thus enrage your minde? 
Hath tinking sound of pottes and pannes ? hath noyse of crooked home ? 
Have fonde illusions such a force, that them whom heretoforne 
No arming sworde, no bloudie trumpe, no men in battail ray 
Coulde cause to shrinke, no sheepish shriekes of simple women fray ? 
And dronken woodnesse wrought by wine ? and roughts of filthie freakes ? 
And sound of toying timpanes dauntes? and quite their courage breakes? 
Shall I at you yee auncient men which from the towne of Tyre, 
To bring your housholde Gods by Sea, in safetie did aspyre, 680 

And setled them within this place the which ye nowe doe yeelde 
In bondage quite without all force and fighting in the fielde : 
Or woonder at you yonger sorte approching unto mee 
More neare in courage and in yeares ? whome meete it were to see 
With speare and not with thirse in hande, with glittring helme on hed, 
And not with leaves ? Now call to minde of whome ye all are bred, 
And take the stomackes of that Snake, which being one alone, 
Right stoutly in his owne defence confounded many one. 
He for his harbrough and his spring his lyfe did nobly spend. 
Doe you no more but take a heart your Countrie to defend. 690 

He put to death right valeant Knightes. Your battaile is with such 
As are but Meicocks in effect : and yet ye doe so much 
In conquering them, that by the deede the olde renowne ye save, 
Which from your fathers by discent this present time ye have. 
If fatall destnies doe forbid that Theb<e long shall stande, 
Would God that men with Canon shot might raze it out of hande. 
Would God the noyse of fire and sworde did in our hearing sound : 
For then in this our wretchednesse there could no fault be found. 
Then might we justly waile our case that all the world might see 
Wee should not neede of sheading teares ashamed for to bee. 700 

But now our towne is taken by a naked beardelesse boy, 
Who doth not in the feates of armes nor horse nor armour joy. 
But for to moyst his haire with Mirrhe, and put on garlands gay, 
And in soft Purple silke and golde his bodie to aray. 
But put to you your helping hande, and straight without delay 
1 will compell him poynt by poynt his lewdnesse to bewray, 
Both in usurping Joves high name in making him his sonne, 

76 






And forging of these Ceremonies lately now begonne. 
Hath King Acrisius heart inough this fondling for to hate, 

That makes himselfe to be a God? and for to shit the gate 710 

Of Argus at his comming there ? and shall this rover make 
King Penthey and the noble towne of Theba thus to quake ? 
Go quickly sirs (these wordes he spake unto his servaunts) go 
And bring the Captaine hither bound with speede, why stay ye so ? 
His Grandsire Cadmus, Athamas and others of his kinne 
Reproved him by gentle meanes : but nothing could they winne. 
The more intreatance that they made, the fiercer was he still. 
The more his friendes did go about to breake him of his will : 
The more they did provoke his wrath, and set his rage on fire. 
They made him worse in that they sought to bridle his desire. 720 

So have I seene a brooke ere this, where nothing let the streame, 
Runne smooth with little noyse or none : but where as any beame 
Or cragged stones did let his course, and make him for to stay : 
It went more fiercely from the stoppe with fomie wroth away. 
Beholde all bloudie come his men, and straight he then demaunded 
Where Bacchus was, and why they had not done as he commaunded ? 
Sir (aunswerde they) we saw him not, but this same fellow heere 
A chiefe companion in his traine and worker in this geere, 
Wee tooke by force : And therewithall presented to their Lord 
A certaine man of Tirrhene lande, his handes fast bound with cord, 730 

Whome they, frequenting Bacchus rites had found but late before. 
A grim and cruell looke which yre did make to seeme more sore, 
Did Penthey cast upon the man. And though he scarcely stayd 
From putting him to tormentes strait : O wretched man (he sayde) 
Who by thy worthie death shalt be a sample unto other, 
Declare to me the names of thee, thy father and thy mother, 
And in what Countrie thou wert borne, and what hath caused thee, 
Of these straunge rites and sacrifice, a follower for to bee. 

He voyd of feare made aunswere thus, Acetis is my name : 
Of Parentes but of lowe degree in Lidy land I came. 740 

No ground for painfull Oxe to till, no sheepe to beare me wooll 
My father left me : no nor horse, nor Asse, nor Cow nor Booll. 
God wote he was but poore himselfe, With line and bayted hooke 
The frisking fishes in the pooles upon his Reede he tooke. 
His handes did serve in steade of landes, his substance was his craft. 
Now have I made you true accompt of all that he me laft, 
As well of ryches as of trades, in which I was his heire 
And successour. For when that death bereft him use of aire, 
Save water he me nothing left. It is the thing alone 

Which for my lawfull heritage I clayme, and other none. 750 

Soone after I (bicause that loth I was to ay abide 
In that poore state) did learne a ship by cunning hande to guide, 
And for to knowe the raynie signe, that hight th' Olenien Gote, 
Which with hir milke did nourish Jove. And also I did note 
The Pleiads and the Hiads moyst, and eke the siely Plough, 
With all the dwellings of the winds that made the seas so rough, 
And eke such Havens as are meete to harbrough vessels in, 
With everie starre and heavenly signe that guides to shipmen bin. 

77 



Now as by chaunce I late ago did toward Dilos sayle, 

I came on coast of Scios He, and seeing day to fayle, 760 

Tooke harbrough there and went a lande. Assoone as that the night 

Was spent, and morning gan to peere with ruddie glaring light, 

I rose and bad my companie fresh water fetch aboord. 

And pointing them the way that led directly to the foorde, 

I went me to a little hill, and viewed round about 

To see what weather we were lyke to have eresetting out. 

Which done, I cald my watermen and all my Mates togither, 

And willde them all to go a boord my selfe first going thither. 

Loe here we are (Opheltes sayd) (he was the Maysters Mate) 

And (as he thought) a bootie found in desert fields a late, 770 

He dragd a boy upon his hande that for his beautie sheene, 

A mayden rather than a boy appeared for to beene. 

This childe, as one forelade with wine, and dreint with drousie sleepe 

Did reele, as though he scarcely coulde himselfe from falling keepe. 

I markt his countnance, weede, and pace, no inckling could I see, 

By which I might conjecture him a mortall wight to bee. 

I thought, and to my fellowes sayd : what God I can not tell, 

But in this bodie that we see some Godhead sure doth dwell. 

What God so ever that thou art, thy favour to us showe, 

And in our labours us assist, and pardone these also. 780 

Pray for thy selfe and not for us (quoth Dictys by and by.) 

A nimbler fellow for to climbe upon the Mast on hie 

And by the Cable downe to slide, there was not in our keele. 

Swart Melanth patrone of the shippe did like his saying weele. 

So also did Alcimedon : and so did Libys to, 

And blacke Epopeus eke whose charge it did belong unto \ 

To see the Rowers at their tymes their dueties duely do. 

And so did all the rest of them : so sore mennes eyes were blinded 

Where covetousenesse of filthie gaine is more than reason minded. 

Well sirs (quoth I) but by your leave ye shall not have it so : 790 

I will not suffer sacriledge within this shippe to go. 

For I have here the most to doe. And with that worde I stept 

Uppon the Hatches, all the rest from entrance to have kept. 

The rankest Ruffian of the rout that Lycab had to name, 

(Who for a murder being late driven out of Tuscane came 

To me for succor) waxed woode, and with his sturdie fist 

Did give me such a churlish blow bycause I did resist, 

That over boord he had me sent, but that with much ado 

I caught the tackling in my hand and helde me fast thereto. 

The wicked Varlets had a sport to see me handled so. 800 

Then Bacchus (for it Bacchus was) as though he had but tho 

Bene waked with their noyse from sleepe, and that his drousie braine 

Discharged of the wine, begon to gather sence againe 

Said : what a doe ? what noyse is this ? how came I here I pray ? 

Sirs tell me whether you doe meane to carie me away. 

Feare not my boy (the Patrone sayd) no more but tell me where 

Thou doest desire to go a lande, and we will set thee there. 

To Naxus ward (quoth Bacchus tho) set ship upon the fome. 

There would I have yow harbrough take, for Naxus is my home. 

78 



Like perjurde Caitifs, by the Sea and all the Gods thereof, 810 

They falsly sware it should be so, and therewithall in scoffe 

They bade me hoyse up saile and go. Upon the righter hand 

I cast about to fetch the winde, for so did Naxus stand. 

What meanst? art mad? Opheltes cride, and therewithall begun 

A feare of loosing of their pray through every man to run. 

The greater part with head and hand a signe did to me make, 

And some did whisper in mine eare the left hand way to take. 

I was amazde and said take charge henceforth who will for me : 

For of your craft and wickednesse I will no furthrer be. 

Then fell they to reviling me, and all the route gan grudge : 820 

Of which Ethalion said in scorne : by like in you Sir snudge 

Consistes the savegard of us all, and wyth that word he takes 

My roume, and leaving Naxus quite, to other countries makes. 

The God then dalying with these mates, as though he had at last 

Begon to smell their suttle craft, out of the foredecke cast 

His eye upon the Sea, and then as though he seemde to weepe, 

Sayd : sirs to bring me on this coast ye doe not promise keepe, 

I see that this is not the land the which I did request. 

For what occasion in this sort deserve I to be drest ? 

What commendation can you win, or praise thereby receyve, 830 

If men a Lad, if many one ye compasse to deceyve? 

I wept and sobbed all this while, the wicked villaines laught, 

And rowed forth with might and maine, as though they had bene straught. 

Now even by him (for sure than he in all the worlde so wide. 

There is no God more neare at hande at every time and tide), 

I sweare unto you that the things the which I shall declare, 

Like as they seeme incredible, even so most true they are. 

The ship stoode still amid the Sea as in a dustie docke. 

They wondring at this miracle, and making but a mocke, 

Persist in beating with their Ores, and on with all their sayles : 840 

To make their Galley to remove, no Art nor labor fayles, 

But Ivie troubled so their Ores that forth they could not row : 

And both with Beries and with leaves their sailes did overgrow. 

And he himselfe with clustred grapes about his temples round, 

Did shake a Javeling in his hand that round about was bound 

With leaves of Vines : and at his feete there seemed for to couch 

Of Tygers, Lynx, and Panthers shapes most ougly for to touch. 

I cannot tell you whether feare or woodnesse were the cause, 

But every person leapeth up and from his labor drawes. 

And there one Medon first of all began to waxen blacke, 850 

And having lost his former shape did take a courbed backe. 

What Monster shall we have of thee (quoth Licab) and with that 

This Licabs chappes did waxen wide, his nosethrils waxed flat, 

His skin waxt tough, and scales thereon began anon to grow. 

And Libis as he went about the Ores away to throw, 

Perceived how his hands did shrinke and were become so short, 

That now for finnes and not for hands he might them well report. 

Another as he would have claspt his arme about the corde, 

Had nere an arme, and so bemaimd in bodie, over boord 

He leapeth downe among the waves, and forked is his tayle 860 

79 



As are the homes of Phebes face when halfe hir light doth fayle. 

They leape about and sprinkle up much water on the ship, 

One while they swim above, and downe againe anon they slip. 

They fetch their friskes as in a daunce, and wantonly they writhe 

Now here now there, among the waves their bodies bane and lithe. 

And with their wide and hollow nose the water in they snuffe, 

And by their noses out againe as fast they doe it puffe. 

Of twentie persons (for our ship so many men did beare) 

I only did remaine nigh straught and trembling still for feare. 

The God could scarce recomfort me, and yet he said go too, 870 

Feare not but saile to Dia ward. His will I gladly doe. 

And so assoone as I came there, with right devout intent, 

His Chaplaine I became. And thus his Orgies I frequent. 

Thou makste a processe verie long (quoth Penthey) to thintent 
That (choler being coolde by time) mine anger might relent. 

But Sirs (he spake it to his men) go take him by and by, 

With cruell torments out of hand goe cause him for to die. 

Immediatly they led away Acetes out of sight, 

And put him into prison strong from which there was no flight, 

But while the cruell instruments of death as sword and fire 880 

Were in preparing wherewithall t' accomplish Pentheys yre, 

It is reported that the doores did of their owne accorde 

Burst open, and his chaines fall off. And yet this cruell Lorde 

Persisteth fiercer than before, not bidding others go 

But goes himselfe unto the hill Cytheron, which as tho 

To Bacchus being consecrate did ring of chaunted songs, 

And other loud confused sounds of Bacchus drunken throngs. 

And even as when the bloudie Trumpe doth to the battell sound, 

The lustie horse streight neying out bestirres him on the ground, 

And taketh courage thereupon t' assaile his enmie proud : 890 

Even so when Penthey heard a farre the noyse and howling loud 

That Bacchus franticke folke did make, it set his heart on fire, 

And kindled fiercer than before the sparks of settled ire. 
There is a goodly plaine about the middle of the hill, 
Environd in with Woods, where men may view eche way at will. 

Here looking on these holie rites with lewde prophaned eyes 

King Pentheys moother first of all hir foresaid sonne espies. 

And like a Bedlem first of all she doth upon him runne, 

And with hir Javeling furiously she first doth wound hir sonne. 

Come hither sisters come she cries, here is that mighty Bore, 900 

Here is the Bore that stroyes our fieldes, him will I strike therefore. 

With that they fall upon him all as though they had bene mad, 

And clustring all upon a heape fast after him they gad. 

He quakes and shakes : his words are now become more meeke and colde, 

He now condemnes his owne default, and sayes he was too bolde, 

And wounded as he was he cries helpe Aunt AutonoH, 

Now for Acteons blessed soule some mercie show to me. 

She wist not who Acteon was, but rent without delay 

80 



His right hand off: and Ino tare his tother hand away. 

To lift unto his mother tho the wretch had nere an arme : 910 

But shewing hir his maimed corse, and woundes yet bleeding warme, 

O mother, see, he sayes : with that Agave howleth out : 

And writhed with hir necke awrie, and shooke hir haire about. 

And holding from his bodie torne his head in bloudie hands, 

She cries : O fellowes in this deede our noble conquest stands. 

No sooner could the winde have blowen the rotten leaves fro trees, 

When Winters frost hath bitten them, then did the hands of these 

Most wicked women Pentheys limmes from one another teare. 

The Thebanes being now by this example brought in feare, 

Frequent this newfound sacrifice, and with sweete frankinsence 920 

God Bacchus Altars lode with gifts in every place doe cense. 



Finis tertii Libri. 



m 81 




fTHE FOURTH BOOKE 

of Ovids ^Metamorphosis. 

JET would not stout Alcithol Duke Mineus daughter bow 
The Orgies of this newfound God in conscience to allow : 
But still she stiffly doth denie that Bacchus is the sonne 
Of Jove; and in this heresie hir sisters with hir runne. 
The Priest had bidden holiday, and that as well the Maide 
As Mistress (for the time aside all other businesse layde) 
In Buckskin cotes, with tresses loose, and garlondes on their heare, 
Should in their hands the leavie speares (surnamed Thyrsis) beare. 
Foretelling them that if they did the Goddes commaundement breake, 
He would with sore and grievous plagues his wrath upon them wreake. 10 

The women straight both yong and olde doe thereunto obay. 
Their yarne, their baskets, and their flax unsponne aside they lay, 
And burne to Bacchus frankinsence. Whome solemly they call 
By all the names and titles high that may to him befall. 
As Bromius, and LySus eke, begotten of the flame, 
Twice borne, the sole and only childe that of two mothers came. 
Unshorne Thyoney, Niseus, Len'e'us, and the setter 
Of Vines, whose pleasant liquor makes all tables fare the better. 
Nyctileus and th'E/ekan Sire, Iacchus, Evan eke, 

With divers other glorious names that through the land of Greke 20 

To thee O Liber wonted are to attributed bee. 

Thy youthful yeares can never wast : there dwelleth ay in thee > 

A childhod tender, fresh and faire : In Heaven we doe thee see 
Surmounting every other thing in beautie and in grace : 
And when thou standste without thy homes thou hast a Maidens face. 
To thee obeyeth all the East as far as Ganges goes, 
Which doth the scorched land of Inde with tawnie folke enclose. 
Lycurgus with his twibill sharpe, and Penthey who of pride 
Thy Godhead and thy mightie power rebelliously denide, 

Thou right redowted didst confounde : Thou into Sea didst send 30 

The Tyrrhene shipmen. Thou with bittes the sturdy neckes doste bend > 
Of spotted Lynxes : Throngs of Frowes and Satyres on thee tend, J 

And that olde Hag that with a staffe his staggering limmes doth stay 
Scarce able on his Asse to sit for reeling every way. 
Thou commest not in any place but that is hearde the noyse 
Of gagling womens tatling tongues and showting out of boyes. 
With sound of Timbrels, Tabors, Pipes, and Brazen pannes and pots 
Confusedly among the rout that in thine Orgies trots. 
The Thebane women for thy grace and favour humbly sue, 

And (as the Priest did bid) frequent thy rites with reverence due. 40 

Alonly Mineus daughters bent of wilfulnesse, with working 
Quite out of time to breake the feast, are in their houses lurking: 
And there doe fall to spinning yarne, or weaving in the frame, 
And kepe their maidens to their worke. Of which one pleasant dame 
As she with nimble hand did draw hir slender threede and fine, 
Said : whyle that others idelly doe serve the God of wine, 

82 



Let us that serve a better Sainct Minerva, finde some talke 

To ease our labor while our handes about our profite walke. 

And for to make the time seeme shorte, let eche of us recite, 

(As every bodies turne shall come) some tale that may delight. 50 

Hir saying likte the rest so well that all consent therein. 

And thereupon they pray that first the eldest would begin. 

She had such store and choyce of tales she wist not which to tell : 

She doubted if she might declare the fortune that befell 

To Dircetes of Babilon whome now with scaly hide 

In altred shape the Philistine beleveth to abide 

In watrie Pooles : or rather how hir daughter taking wings 

In shape of Dove on toppes of towres in age now sadly sings : 

Or how a certaine water Nymph by witchcraft and by charmes 

Converted into fishes dumbe, of yongmen many swarmes, 60 

Untill that of the selfe same sauce hir selfe did tast at last : 

Or how the tree that used to beare fruite white in ages past, 

Doth now beare fruite in maner blacke, by sprincling up of blood. 

This tale (bicause it was not stale nor common) seemed good 

To hir to tell : and thereupon she in this wise begun 

Hir busie hand still drawing out the flaxen threede shee spun. 

Within the towne (of whose huge walles so monstrous high and thicke 
The fame is given Semyramis for making them of bricke) 

Dwelt hard together two yong folke in houses joynde so nere 

That under all one roofe well nie both twaine conveyed were. 70 

The name of him was Pyramids, and Thisbe calde was she. 

So faire a man in all the East was none alive as he, 

Nor nere a woman maide nor wife in beautie like to hir. 

This neighbrod bred acquaintance first, this neyghbrod first did stirre 

The secret sparkes, this neighbrod first an entrance in did showe, 

For love to come to that to which it afterward did growe. 

And if that right had taken place, they had bene man and wife, 

But still their Parents went about to let which (for their life) 

They could not let. For both their hearts with equall flame did burne. 

No man was privie to their thoughts. And for to serve their turne 80 

In steade of talke they used signes : the closelier they supprest 

The fire of love, the fiercer still it raged in their brest. 

The wall that parted house from house had riven therein a crany 

Which shronke at making of the wall. This fault not markt of any 

Of many hundred yeares before (what doth not love espie?) 

These lovers first of all found out, and made a way whereby 

To talke togither secretly, and through the same did goe 

Their loving whisprings verie light and safely to and fro. 

Now as a toneside Pyramus and Thisbe on the tother 

Stoode often drawing one of them the pleasant breath from other, 90 

O thou envious wall (they sayd,) why letst thou lovers thus ? 

What matter were it if that thou permitted both of us 

In armes eche other to embrace? Or if thou thinke that this 

Were overmuch, yet mightest thou at least make roume to kisse. 

And yet thou shalt not finde us churles : we thinke our selves in det 

For the same piece of courtesie, in vouching safe to let 

Our sayings to our friendly eares thus freely come and goe. 

83 



Thus having where they stoode in vaine complayned of their woe, 

When night drew nere, they bade adew and eche gave kisses sweete 

Unto the parget on their side, the which did never meete. ioo 

Next morning with hir cherefull light had driven the starres asyde 

And Phebus with his burning beames the dewie grasse had dride. 

These lovers at their wonted place by foreappointment met. 

Where after much complaint and mone they covenanted to get 

Away from such as watched them, and in the Evening late 

To steale out of their fathers house and eke the Citie gate. 

And to thentent that in the feeldes they strayde not up and downe, 

They did agree at Ninus Tumb to meete without the towne, 

And tarie underneath a tree that by the same did grow 

Which was a faire high Mulberie with fruite as white as snow, 1 10 

Hard by a coole and trickling spring. This bargaine pleasde them both, 

And so daylight (which to their thought away but slowly goth) 

Did in the Ocean fall to rest : and night from thence doth rise. 

Assoone as darkenesse once was come, straight Thisbe did devise 

A shift to wind hir out of doores, that none that were within 

Perceyved hir : And muffling hir with clothes about hir chin, 

That no man might discerne hir face, to Ninus Tumb she came 

Unto the tree, and sat hir downe there underneath the same. 

Love made hir bold. But see the chauce, there comes besmerde with blood, 

About the chappes a Lionesse all foming from the wood, 120 

From slaughter lately made of kine, to staunch hir bloudie thurst 

With water of the foresaid spring. Whome Thisbe spying furst 

A farre by moonelight, thereupon with fearfull steppes gan flie, 

And in a darke and yrkesome cave did hide hirselfe thereby. 

And as she fled away for hast she let hir mantle fall 

The whych for feare she left behind not looking backe at all. 

Now when the cruell Lionesse hir thurst had stanched well, 

In going to the Wood she found the slender weede that fell 

From Thisbe, which with bloudie teeth in pieces she did teare. 

The night was somewhat further spent ere Pyramus came there : 1 30 

Who seeing in this suttle sande the print of Lions paw, 

Waxt pale for feare. But when also the bloudie cloke he saw 

All rent and torne, one night (he sayd) shall lovers two confounde, 

Of which long life deserved she of all that live on ground. 

My soule deserves of this mischaunce the perill for to beare. 

I wretch have bene the death of thee, which to this place of feare 

Did cause thee in the night to come, and came not here before. 

My wicked limmes and wretched guttes with cruell teeth therfore 

Devour ye O ye Lions all that in this rocke doe dwell. 

But Cowardes use to wish for death. The slender weede that fell 140 

From Thisbe up he takes, and streight doth beare it to the tree, 

Which was appointed erst the place of meeting for to bee. 

And when he had bewept and kist the garment which he knew, 

Receyve thou my bloud too (quoth he) and therewithall he drew 

His sworde, the which among his guttes he thrust, and by and by 

Did draw it from the bleeding wound beginning for to die > 

And cast himselfe upon his backe. The bloud did spin on hie 

As when a Conduite pipe is crackt, the water bursting out 

84 



Doth shote itselfe a great way off and pierce the Ayre about. 

The leaves that were upon the tree besprincled with his blood 1 50 

Were died blacke. The roote also bestained as it stoode, 

A deepe darke purple colour straight upon the Berries cast. 

Anon scarce ridded of hir feare with which shee was agast, y 

For doubt of disapointing him commes Thisbe forth in hast, 

And for hir lover lookes about, rejoycing for to tell 

How hardly she had scapt that night the daunger that befell. 

And as she knew right well the place and facion of the tree 

(As whych she saw so late before :) even so when she did see 

The colour of the Berries turnde, shee was uncertaine whither 

It were the tree at which they both agreed to meete togither. 1 60 

While in this doubtfull stounde she stood, shee cast hir eye aside 

And there beweltred in his bloud hir lover she espide 

Lie sprawling with his dying limmes : at which she started backe, 

And looked pale as any Box, a shuddring through hir stracke, 

Even like the Sea which sodenly with whissing noyse doth move, *| 

When with a little blast of winde it is but toucht above. \ 

But when approching nearer him shee knew it was hir love, 

She beate hir brest, she shrieked out, she tare hir golden heares, 

And taking him betweene hir armes did wash his wounds with teares. 

She meynt hir weeping with his bloud, and kissing all his face 1 70 

(Which now became as colde as yse) she cride in wofull case 

Alas what chaunce my Pyramus hath parted thee and mee ? 

Make aunswere O my Pyramus: It is thy Thisb, even shee \ 

Whome thou doste love most heartely that speaketh unto thee. J 

Give eare and rayse thy heavie heade. He hearing Thisbes name, 

Lift up his dying eyes, and having seene hir closde the same. 

But when she knew hir mantle there and saw his scabberd lie 

Without the swoorde : Unhappy man thy love hath made thee die : 

Thy love (she said) hath made thee slea thy selfe. This hand of mine 

Is strong inough to doe the like. My love no lesse than thine 180 

Shall give me force to worke my wound. I will pursue the dead. 

And wretched woman as I am, it shall of me be sed 

That like as of thy death I was the only cause and blame, 

So am I thy companion eke and partner in the same. 

For death which only coulde alas a sunder part us twaine, 

Shall never so dissever us but we will meete againe. 

And you the Parentes of us both, most wretched folke alyve, 

Let this request that I shall make in both our names bylive, 

Entreate you to permit that we whome chaste and stedfast love 

And whome even death hath joynde in one, may as it doth behove 1 90 

In one grave be together laya. And thou unhappie tree 

Which shroudest now the corse of one, and shalt anon through mee 

Shroude two, of this same slaughter holde the sicker signes for ay. 

Blacke be the colour of thy fruite and mourninglike alway, > 

Such as the murder of us twaine may evermore bewray. J 

This said, she tooke the sword yet warme with slaughter of hir love 

And setting it beneath hir brest, did too hir heart it shove. 

Hir prayer with the Gods and with their Parentes tooke effect. 

For when the frute is throughly ripe, the Berrie is bespect 

85 



) 
} 



With colour tending to a blacke. And that which after fire 200 

Remained, rested in one Tumbe as Thisbe did desire. 

This tale thus tolde, a little space of pawsing was betwist, 

And then began Leucotho'e thus, hir sisters being whist. 
This Sunne that with his streaming light al worldly things doth cheare 
Was tane in love. Of Phebus loves now list and you shall heare. 
It is reported that this God did first of all espie 
(For everie thing in Heaven and Earth is open to his eie) 
How Venus with the warlike Mars advoutrie did commit. 
It grieved him to see the fact and so discovered it, 

He shewed hir husband Junos sonne th' advoutrie and the place 210 

In which this privie scape was done. Who was in such a case 
That heart and hand and all did faile in working for a space. 
Anon he featly forgde a net of Wire so fine and slight 
That neyther knot nor nooze therein apparant was to sight. 
This piece of worke was much more fine than any handwarpe oofe 
Or that whereby the Spider hangs in sliding from the roofe. 
And furthermore the suttlenesse and slight thereof was such, 
It followed every little pull and closde with every touch, 
And so he set it handsomly about the haunted couch. 

Now when that Venus and hir mate were met in bed togither 220 

Hir husband by his newfound snare before convayed thither, 
Did snarle them both togither fast in middes of all theyr play 
And setting ope the Ivorie doores, callde all the Gods streight way 
To see them : they with shame inough fast lockt togither lay. 
A certaine God among the rest disposed for to sport 
Did wish that he himselfe also were shamed in that sort. 
The resdue laught and so in heaven there was no talke a while, 
But of this Pageant how the Smith the lovers did beguile. 

Dame Venus highly stomacking this great displeasure, thought 

To be revenged on the part by whome the spight was wrought. 230 

And like as he hir secret loves and meetings had bewrayd : 
So she with wound of raging love his guerdon to him payd. 
What now avayles {Hyperions sonne) thy forme and beautie bright ? 
What now avayle thy glistring eyes with cleare and piercing sight? 
For thou that with thy gleames art wont all countries for to burne, 
Art burnt thy selfe with other gleames that serve not for thy turne. 
And thou that oughtst thy cherefull looke on all things for to show, "] 
Alonly on LeucothoS doste now the same bestow. y 

Thou fastnest on that Maide alone the eyes that thou doste owe J 

To all the worlde. Sometime more rathe thou risest in the East, 240 

Sometime againe thou makste it late before thou fall to reast. 
And for desire to looke on hir, thou often doste prolong 
Our winter nightes. And in thy light thou faylest eke among. 
The fancie of thy faultie mind infectes thy feeble sight, 
And so thou makste mens hearts afrayde by daunting of thy light. 
Thou looxte not pale bycause the globe of Phebe is betweene 
The Earth and thee : but love doth cause this colour to be seene. 
Thou lovest this LeucothoS so far above all other, 
That neyther now for Clymene", for Rhodos, nor the mother 
Of Circe", nor for ClytiS (who at that present tyde 250 

86 



Rejected from thy companie did for thy love abide 

Most grievous torments in hir heart) thou seemest for to care. 

Thou mindest hir so much that all the rest forgotten are. 

Hir mother was Eurynomi of all the fragrant clime 

Of Arabie esteemde the flowre of beautie in hir time. 255 

But when hir daughter came to age the daughter past the mother 

As far in beautie, as before the mother past all other. 

Hir father was king Orchamus and rulde the publike weale 

Of Persey, counted by descent the seventh from auncient Bele. 

Far underneath the Westerne clyme of Hesperus doe runne 260 

The pastures of the firie steedes that draw the golden Sunne. 

There are they fed with Ambrosie in stead of grasse all night 

Which doth refresh their werie limmes and keepeth them in plight 

To beare their dailie labor out. Now while the steedes there take 

Their heavenly foode, and night by turne his timely course doth make : 

The God disguised in the shape of Queene Eurynomi 

Doth prease within the chamber doore of faire LeucothoS 

His lover, whome amid twelve Maides he found by candlelight 

Yet spinning on hir little Rocke, and went me to hir right. 

And kissing hir as moothers use to kisse their daughters deare, 270 

Saide Maydes withdraw your selves a while and sit not listning here. 

I have a secret thing to talke. The Maides avoyde eche one. 

The God then being with his love in chamber all alone, 

Said : I am he that meetes the yeare, that all things doe beholde, 

By whome the Earth doth all things see, the Eye of all the worlde. 

Trust me I am in love with thee. The Ladie was so nipt 

With sodaine feare, that from hir hands both rocke and spindle slipt. 

Hir feare became hir wondrous well. He made no mo delayes, 

But turned to his proper shape and tooke hys glistring rayes. 

The damsell being sore abasht at this so straunge a sight, 280 

And overcome with sodaine feare to see the God so bright, 

Did make no outcrie nor no noyse, but helde hir pacience still, 

And sufrred him by forced powre his pleasure to fulfill. 

Hereat did Clyde sore repine. For she beyond all measure 
Was then enamoured of the Sunne : and stung with this displeasure 
That he another Leman had, for verie spight and yre 
She playes the blab, and doth defame Leucotho'e to hir Syre. 
He cruell and unmercifull would no excuse accept, 
But holding up hir hands to heaven when tenderly she wept, 
And said it was the Sunne that did the deede against hir will : 290 

Yet like a savage beast full bent his daughter for to spill, 
He put hir deepe in delved ground, and on hir bodie laide 
A huge great heape of heavie sand. The Sunne full yll appaide 
Did with his beames disperse the sand and made an open way 
To bring thy buried face to light, but such a weight there lay 
Upon thee, that thou couldst not raise thine head aloft againe, 
And so a corse both voide of bloud and life thou didst remaine. 
There never chaunst since Phaetons fire a thing that grievde so sore 
The ruler of the winged steedes as this did. And therfore 

He did attempt if by the force and vertue of his ray 300 

He might againe to lively heate hir frozen limmes convay. 

87 



} 



But forasmuch as destenie so great attempts denies, 

He sprincles both the corse it selfe and place wherein it lyes 

With fragrant Nectar. And therewith bewayling much his chaunce 

Sayd : yet above the starrie skie thou shalt thy selfe advaunce. 

Anon the body in this heavenly liquor steeped well 

Did melt, and moisted all the earth with sweete and pleasant smell. 

And by and by first taking roote among the cloddes within, 

By little and by little did with growing top begin 

A pretie spirke of Frankinsence above the Tumbe to win. J 310 

Although that Clytie might excuse hir sorrow by hir love, 
And seeme that so to play the blab hir sorrow did hir move : 

Yet would the Author of the light resort to hir no more 

But did withholde the pleasant sportes of Venus usde before. 

The Nymph not able of hir selfe the frantike fume to stay, 

With restlesse care and pensivenesse did pine hir selfe away. 

Bareheaded on the bare cold ground with flaring haire unkempt 

She sate abrode both night and day, and clearly did exempt 

Hirselfe by space of thrise three dayes from sustnance and repast, 

Save only dewe, and save hir teares with which she brake hir fast. 320 

And in that while shee never rose but stared on the Sunne 

And ever turnde hir face to his as he his corse did runne. 

Hir limmes stacke fast within the ground, and all hir upper part 

Did to a pale ashcolourd herbe cleane voyde of bloud convart. 

The floure whereof part red part white beshadowed with a blew 

Most like a Violet in the shape hir countenance overgrew. 

And now (though fastned with a roote) shee turnes hir to the Sunne 

And keepes (in shape of herbe) the love with which she first begunne. 
She made an ende : and at hir tale all wondred : some denide 
Hir saying to bee possible : and other some replide 330 

That such as are in deede true Gods may all things worke at will : 

But Bacchus is not any such. This arguing once made still, 

To tell hir tale as others had Alcithoes turne was come, 

Who with hir shettle shooting through hir web within the Loome, 

Said : Of the shepherd Daphnyes love of Ida whom erewhile 

A jealouse Nymph (bicause he did with Lemans hir beguile) 

For anger turned to a stone (such furie love doth sende :) 

I will not speake : it is to knowe : ne yet I doe entende 

To tell how Scython variably digressing from his kinde, 

Was sometime woman, sometime man, as liked best his minde. 340 

And Celmus also will I passe, who for bicause he cloong 

Most faithfully to Jupiter when Jupiter was yoong, 

Is now become an Adamant. So will I passe this howre 

To shew you how the Curets were ingendred of a showre : 

Or how that Crocus and his love faire Smylax turned were 

To little flowres, with pleasant newes your mindes now will I chere. 

Learne why the fountaine Salmacis diffamed is of yore, 

Why with his waters overstrong it weakneth men so sore 

That whose bathes him there, commes thence a perfect man no more. 

The operation of this Well is knowne to every wight: 350 

But few can tell the cause thereof, the which I will recite. 

88 



The waternymphes did nurce a sonne of Mercuries in Ide 
Begot on Venus, in whose face such beautie did abide, 
As well therein his father both and mother might be knowne, 
Of whome he also tooke his name. Assoone as he was growne 
To fiftene yeares of age, he left the Countrie where he dwelt 
And Ida that had fostered him. The pleasure that he felt 
To travell Countries, and to see straunge rivers with the state 
Of forren landes, all painfulnesse of travell did abate. 

He travelde through the lande of Lycie to Carie that doth bound 360 

Next unto Lycia. There he saw a Poole which to the ground 
Was Christall cleare. No fennie sedge, no barren reeke, no reede 
Nor rush with pricking poynt was there, nor other moorish weede. 
The water was so pure and shere, a man might well have seene 
And numbred all the gravell stones that in the bottome beene. 
The utmost borders from the brim environd were with clowres 
Beclad with herbes ay fresh and greene and pleasant smelling flowres. 
A Nymph did haunt this goodly Poole : but such a Nymph as neyther 
To hunt, to run, nor yet to shoote, had any kinde of pleasure. 
Of all the Waterfaries she alonly was unknowne 370 

To swift Diana. As the brute of fame abrode hath blowne, 
Hir sisters oftentimes would say : take lightsome Dart or bow, 
And in some painefull exercise thine ydle time bestow. 
But never could they hir persuade to runne, to shoote or hunt, 
Or any other exercise as Phebes knightes are wont. 375 

Sometime hir faire welformed limbes shee batheth in hir spring : 
Sometime she downe hir golden haire with Boxen combe doth bring. 
And at the water as a glasse she taketh counsell ay 
How every thing becommeth hir. Erewhile in fine aray 

On soft sweete hearbes or soft greene leaves hir selfe she nicely layes : "1 380 
Erewhile again a gathering flowres from place to place she strayes. > 

And (as it chaunst) the selfe same time she was a sorting gayes J 

To make a Poisie, when she first the yongman did espie, 
And in beholding him desirde to have his companie. 
But though she thought she stoode on thornes untill she went to him : 
Yet went she not before she had bedect hir neat and trim, 
And pride and peerd upon hir clothes that nothing sat awrie, 
And framde hir countnance as might seeme most amrous to the eie. 
Which done shee thus begon : O childe most worthie for to bee 
Estemde and taken for a God, if (as thou seemste to mee) > 390 

Thou be a God, to Cupids name thy beautie doth agree. J 

Or if thou be a mortall wight, right happie folke are they, 
By whome thou camste into this worlde, right happy is (I say) 
Thy mother and thy sister too (if any bee :) good hap 
That woman had that was thy Nurce and gave thy mouth hir pap. 
But farre above all other, far more blist than these is shee 
Whome thou vouchsafest for thy wife and bedfellow for too bee. 
Now if thou have alredy one, let me by stelth obtaine 
That which shall pleasure both of us. Or if thou doe remaine 
A Maiden free from wedlocke bonde, let me then be thy spouse, 400 

And let us in the bridelie bed our selves togither rouse. 

n 89 



This sed, the Nymph did hold hir peace, and therewithall the boy 
Waxt red : he wist not what love was : and sure it was a joy 
To see it how exceeding well his blushing him became. 
For in his face the colour fresh appeared like the same 
That is in Apples which doe hang upon the Sunnie side : 
Or Ivorie shadowed with a red : or such as is espide 
Of white and scarlet colours mixt appearing in the Moone 
When folke in vaine with sounding brasse would ease unto hir done. 
When at the last the Nymph desirde most instantly but this, 410 

As to his sister brotherly to give hir there a kisse, 
And therewithall was clasping him about the Ivorie necke : 
Leave of (quoth he) or I am gone, and leeve thee at a becke 
With all thy trickes. Then Salmacis began to be afraide, 
And to your pleasure leave I free this place my friend shee sayde. 
With that she turnes hir backe as though she would have gone hir way : 
But evermore she looketh backe, and (closely as she may) 
She hides her in a bushie queach, where kneeling on hir knee 
She alwayes hath hir eye on him. He as a childe and free, 

And thinking not that any wight had watched what he did, 420 

Romes up and downe the pleasant Mede : and by and by amid 
The flattring waves he dippes his feete, no more but first the sole 
And to the ancles afterward both feete he plungeth whole. 
And for to make the matter short, he tooke so great delight 
In cooleness of the pleasant spring, that streight he stripped quight 
His garments from his tender skin. When Salmacis behilde 
His naked beautie, such strong pangs so ardently hir hilde, 
That utterly she was astraught. And even as Phebus beames 
Against a myrrour pure and clere rebound with broken gleames : 
Even so hir eyes did sparcle fire. Scarce could she tarience make: 430 

Scarce could she any time delay hir pleasure for to take. 
She wolde have run, and in hir armes embraced him streight way : 
She was so far beside hir selfe, that scarsly could she stay. 
He clapping with his hollow hands against his naked sides, 
Into the water lithe and baine with armes displayed glydes. 
And rowing with his hands and legges swimmes in the water cleare : 
Through which his bodie faire and white doth glistringly appeare, 
As if a man an Ivorie Image or a Lillie white 
Should overlay or close with glasse that were most pure and bright. 

The price is won (cride Salmacis aloud) he is mine owne. 440 

And therewithall in all post hast she having lightly throwne 
Hir garments off, flew to the Poole and cast hir thereinto, 
And caught him fast betweene hir armes for ought that he could doe. 
Yea maugre all his wrestling and his struggling to and fro, 
She held him still, and kissed him a hundred times and mo. 
And willde he nillde he with hir handes she toucht his naked brest : 
And now on this side now on that (for all he did resist 
And strive to wrest him from hir gripes) she clung unto him fast, 
And wound about him like a Snake, which snatched up in hast 
And being by the Prince of Birdes borne lightly up aloft, 450 

Doth writhe hir selfe about his necke and griping talants oft, 
And cast hir taile about his wings displayed in the winde : 

90 



Or like as Ivie runnes on trees about the utter rinde : 
Or as the Crabfish having caught his enmy in the Seas, 
Doth claspe him in on every side with all his crooked cleas. 
But Atlas Nephew still persistes, and utterly denies 
The Nymph to have hir hoped sport : she urges him likewise, 
And pressing him with all hir weight, fast cleaving to him still, 
Strive, struggle, wrest and writhe (she said) thou froward boy thy fill : 
Doe what thou canst thou shalt not scape. Ye Goddes of Heaven agree 460 
That this same wilfull boy and I may never parted bee. 
The Gods were pliant to hir boone. The bodies of them twaine 
Were mixt and joyned both in one. To both them did remaine 
One countnance. Like as if a man should in one barke beholde 
Two twigges both growing into one and still togither holde : 
Even so when through hir hugging and hir grasping of the tother 
The members of them mingled were and fastned both togither, 
They were not any lenger two : but (as it were) a toy 
Of double shape : Ye could not say it was a perfect boy, 

Nor perfect wench : it seemed both and none of both to beene. 470 

Now when Hermaphroditus saw how in the water sheene 
To which he entred in a man, his limmes were weakened so 
That out fro thence but halfe a man he was compelde to go : 
He lifteth up his hands and said (but not with manly reere) 
O noble father Mercurie, and Venus mother deere, 
This one petition graunt your son which both your names doth beare, 
That whoso commes within this Well may so bee weakened there, 
That of a man but halfe a man he may fro thence retire. 
Both Parentes mooved with the chaunce did stablish this desire 
The which their doubleshaped sonne had made, and thereupon 480 

Infected with an unknowne strength the sacred spring anon. 

Their tales did ende and Mineus daughters still their businesse plie 
In spight of Bacchus whose high feast they breake contemptuously. 
When on the sodaine (seeing nought) they heard about them round 
Of tubbish Timbrels perfectly a hoarse and jarring sound, 
With shraming shalmes and gingling belles, and furthermore they felt 
A cent of Saffron and of Myrrhe that verie hotly smelt. 
And (which a man would ili beleve) the web they had begun 
Immediatly waxt fresh and greene, the flaxe the which they spun > 
Did flourish full of Ivie leaves. And part thereof did run j 490 

Abrode in Vines. The threede it selfe in braunches forth did spring. 
Yong burgeons full of clustred grapes their Distaves forth did bring, 
And as the web they wrought was dide a deepe darke purple hew, 
Even so upon the painted grapes the selfe same colour grew. 
The day was spent, and now was come the time which neyther night 
Nor day, but middle bound of both a man may terme of right. 
The house at sodaine seemde to shake, and all about it shine 
With burning lampes, and glittering fires to flash before their eyen. 
And likenesses of ougly beastes with gastfull noyses yeld. 

For feare whereof in smokie holes the sisters were compeld 500 

To hide their heades, one here and there another, for to shun 
The glistring light. And while they thus in corners blindly run, 
Upon their little pretie limmes a fine crispe filme there goes, 

9i 



And slender finnes in stead of handes their shortned armes enclose. 

But how they lost their former shape of certaintie to know 

The darknesse would not suffer them. No feathers on them grow : 

And yet with shere and velume wings they hover from the ground. 

And when they goe about to speake they make but little sound, 

According as their bodies give, bewayling their despight 1 

By chirping shirlly to themselves. In houses they delight ^ 510 

And not in woods : detesting day they flitter towards night : J 

Wherethrough they of the Evening late in Latin take their name, 

And we in English language Backes or Reermice call the same. 

Then Bacchus name was reverenced through all the Theban coast. 

And Ino of hir Nephewes powre made every where great boast. 
Of Cadmus daughters she alone no sorowes tasted had, 
Save only that hir sisters haps perchaunce had made hir sad. 
Now Juno noting how shee waxt both proud and full of scorne, 
As well by reason of the sonnes and daughters she had borne, 
As also that she was advaunst by mariage in that towne 520 

To Achamas King Aeolus sonne a Prince of great renowne, 
But chiefly that hir sisters sonne who nourced was by hir 
Was then exalted for a God : began thereat to stir: 
And freating at it in hirselfe said : coulde this harlots burd 
Transforme the Lydian watermen, and drowne them in the foord ? 
And make the mother teare the guttes in pieces of hir sonne? 
And Mineus al three daughters clad with wings, bicause they sponne \ 
Whiles others howling up and down like frantick folke did ronne : 
And can I Juno nothing else save sundrie woes bewaile? 

Is that sufficient? can my powre no more than so availe? 530 

He teaches me what way to worke. A man may take (I see) 
Example at his enmies hand the wiser for to bee. 
He shewes inough and overmuch the force of furious wrath 
By Pentheys death : why should not Ine be taught to tread the path > 
The which hir sisters heretofore and kinred troden hath ? J 

There is a steepe and irksome way obscure with shadow fell 

Of balefull yewgh, all sad and still, that leadeth down to hell. 
The foggie Styx doth breath up mistes : and downe this way doe wave 
The ghostes of persons lately dead and buried in the grave. 

Continuall colde and gastly feare possesse this queachie plot 540 

On eyther side. The siely Ghost new parted knoweth not 
The way that doth directly leade him to the Stygian Citie 
Or where blacke Pluto keepes his Court that never sheweth pitie. 
A thousand wayes, a thousand gates that alwayes open stand, 
This Citie hath : and as the Sea the streames of all the lande 
Doth swallow in his gredie gulfe, and yet is never full : 
Even so that place devoureth still and hideth in his gull 
The soules and ghostes of all the world : and though that nere so many 
Come thither, yet the place is voyd as if there were not any. 
The ghostes without flesh, bloud, or bones, there wander to and fro. 550 

Of which some haunt the judgement place : and other come and go 
To Plutos Court : and some frequent the former trades and Artes 
The which they used in their life : and some abide the smartes > 

And tormentes for their wickednesse and other yll desartes. 

92 



So cruell hate and spightfull wrath did boyle in Junos brest 
That in the high and noble Court of Heaven she coulde not rest : 
But that she needes must hither come : whose feete no sooner toucht 
The thresholde, but it gan to quake. And Cerberus erst coucht 
Start sternely up with three fell heades which barked all togither. 
Shee callde the daughters of the night the cruell furies thither. 560 

They sate a kembing foule blacke Snakes from of their filthie heare 
Before the dungeon doore, the place where Caitives punisht were, 
The which was made of Adamant : when in the darke in part 
They knew Queen Juno, by and by upon their feete they start. 
There Titius stretched out (at least) nine acres full in length, 
Did with his bowels feede a Grype that tare them out by strength. 
The water fled from Tantalus that toucht his neather lip, 
And Apples hanging over him did ever from him slip. 
There also labored Sisyphus that drave against the hill 

A rolling stone that from the top came tumbling downeward still. 570 

Ixion on his resdesse wheele to which his limmes were bound 
Did flie and follow both at once in turning ever round. 
And Danaus daughters forbicause they did their cousins kill, 
Drew water into running tubbes which evermore did spill. 

When Juno with a louring looke had vewde them all throughout: 
And on Ixion specially before the other rout : 
She turnes from him to Sisyphus, and with an angry cheere 
Sayes : wherefore should this man endure continuall penance here, 
And Athamas his brother reigne in welth and pleasure free, 

Who through his pride hath ay disdainde my husband Jove and mee? 580 

And therewithall she poured out th 'occasion of hir hate, 
And why she came and what she would. She would that Cadmus state 
Should with the ruine of his house be brought to swyft decay, 
And that to mischiefe Athamas the Fiendes should force some way, 
She biddes, she prayes, she promises, and all is with a breth, 
And moves the furies earnesdy : and as these things she seth, 
The hatefull Hag Tisiphone with horie ruffled heare, 
Removing from hir face the Snakes that loosely dangled there, 
Sayd thus : Madame there is no neede long circumstance to make. 
Suppose your will already done. This lothsome place forsake, 590 

And to the holsome Ayre of heaven your selfe agayne retire. 
Qyeene Juno went right glad away with graunt of hir desire. 
And as she woulde have entred heaven, the Ladie Iris came 
And purged hir with streaming drops. Anon upon the same 
The furious Fiende Tisiphone doth cloth hir out of hand 
In garment streaming gorie bloud, and taketh in hir hand 
A burning Cresset steept in bloud, and girdeth hir about 
With wreathed Snakes, and so goes forth. And at hir going out, 
Feare, terror, griefe and pensivenesse for companie she tooke, 
And also madnesse with his flaight, and gasdy staring looke. 600 

Within the house of Athamas no sooner foote she set, 
But that the postes began to quake and doores looke blacke as Jet. 
The sonne withdrew him, Athamas and eke his wife were cast 
With ougly sightes in such a feare, that out of doores agast 
They would have fled. There stoode the Fiend, and stopt their passage out, 

93 



And splaying forth hir filthie armes belcnit with Snakes about, 

Did tosse and wave hir hatefull heade. The swarme of scaled snakes 

Did make an irksome noyse to heare as she hir tresses shakes. 

About hir shoulders some did craule : some trayling downe hir brest 

Did hisse and spit out poyson greene, and spirt with tongues infest. 610 

Then from amyd hir haire twoo snakes with venymd hand she drew 

Of which she one at Athamas and one at Ino threw. 
The snakes did craule about their breasts, inspiring in their hear*: 
Most grievous motions of the minde : the bodie had no smart 
Of any wound : it was the minde that felt the cruell stings. 
A poyson made in Syrup wise shee also with hir brings, 
The filthie fame of Cerberus, the casting of the Snake 
Echidna, bred among the Fennes about the Stygian Lake, 
Desire of gadding foorth abroad, forgetfulnesse of minde, 

Delight in mischiefe, woodnesse, teares, and purpose whole inclinde > 620 
To cruell murther : all the which shee did togither grinde, J 

And mingling them with newe shed bloud had boyled them in brasse, 
And stird them with a Hemlock stalke. Now whyle that Athamas 
And Ino stoode and quakte for feare, this poyson ranke and fell 
Shee tourned into both their breastes and made their heartes to swell. 
Then whisking often round about hir head hir balefull brand, 
Shee made it soone by gathering winde to kindle in hir hand. 
Thus as it were in triumph wise accomplishing hir hest, 
To Duskie Plutos emptie Realme shee gettes hir home to rest, > 

And putteth of the snarled Snakes that girded in hir brest. J 630 

Immediatly King Aeolus sonne stark madde comes crying out 

Through all the court, what meane yee Sirs ? why go yee not about 
To pitch our toyles within this chace. I sawe even nowe, here ran 
A Lyon with hir two yong whelpes. And there withall he gan 
To chase his wyfe as if in deede shee had a Lyon beene. 
And lyke a Bedlem boystouslie he snatched from betweene 
The mothers armes his little babe Lcearchus smyling on him 
And reaching foorth his preatie armes, and floong him fiercely from him 
A twice or thrice as from a slyng : and dasht his tender head 
Against a hard and rugged stone untill he sawe him dead. 640 

The wretched mother (whither griefe did move hir thereunto ; 
Or that the poyson spred within did force hir so to doe) 
Hould out and frantikly with scattered haire about hir eares 
And with hir little Melicert whom hastily shee beares 
In naked armes shee cryeth out hoe Bacchus. At the name 
Of Bacchus Juno gan to laugh, and scorning sayde in game, > 

This guerden lo thy foster child requiteth for the same. J 

There hangs a rocke above the Sea, the foote whereof is eate 
So hollow with the saltish waves which on the same doe beate, 
That like a house it keepeth off the moysting showers of rayne : 650 

The toppe is rough and shootes his front amiddes the open mayne. 
Dame Ino (madnesse made hir strong) did climb this cliffe anon 
And headlong downe (without regarde of hurt that hoong thereon) 
Did throwe hir burden and hir selfe, the water where shee dasht 
In sprincling upwarde glisterd red. But Venus sore abasht 
At this hir Neeces great mischaunce without offence or fault, 

94 



Hir Uncle gently thus bespake. O ruler of the hault 
And swelling Seas, O noble Neptune whose dominion large 
Extendeth to the Heaven, whereof the mightie Jove hath charge, 
The thing is great for which I sew. But shewe thou for my sake 660 

Some mercie on my wretched friends whome in thine endlesse lake 
Thou seest tossed to and fro. Admit thou them among 
Thy Goddes. Of right even here to mee some favour doth belong, 
At least wise if amid the Sea engendred erst I were 
Of Froth, as of the which yet still my pleasaunt name I beare. 
Neptunus graunted hir request, and by and by bereft them 
Of all that ever mortall was. In sted wherof he left them 
A hault and stately majestie : and altring them in hew, 
With shape and names most meete for Goddes he did them both endew. 
Leucotho'e was the mothers name, Palemon was the sonne. 670 

The Thebane Ladies following hir as fast as they could runne, 
Did of hir feete perceive the print upon the utter stone. 
And taking it for certaine signe that both were dead and gone, 
In making mone for Cadmus house, they wrang their hands and tare 
Their haire, and rent their clothes, and railde on Juno out of square, 
As nothing just, but more outragious farre than did behove 
In so revenging of hir selfe upon hir husbands love. 
The Goddesse Juno could not beare their railing. And in faith 
You also will I make too bee as witnesses (she sayth) 

Of my outragious crueltie. And so shee did in deede. 680 

For shee that loved Ino best was following hir with speede 
Into the Sea. But as shee would hir selfe have downeward cast, 
Shee could not stirre, but to the rock as nailed sticked fast. 
The second as shee knockt hir breast, did feele hir armes wax stiffe. 
Another as shee stretched out hir hands upon the cliffe, 
Was made a stone, and there stoode still ay stretching forth hir hands 
Into the water as before. And as an other standes 
A tearing of hir ruffled lockes, hir fingers hardened were 
And fastned to hir frisled toppe still tearing of hir heare. 

And looke what gesture eche of them was taken in that tide, 690 

Even in the same transformde to stones, they fastned did abide. 
And some were altered into birds which Cadmies called bee 
And in that goolfe with flittering wings still to and fro doe flee. 

Nought knoweth Cadmus that his daughter and hir little childe 
Admitted were among the Goddes that rule the surges wilde. 
Compellde with griefe and great mishappes that had ensewd togither, 
And straunge foretokens often seene since first his comming thither, 
He utterly forsakes his towne the which he builded had, 
As though the fortune of the place so hardly him bestad, 

And not his owne. And fleeting long like pilgrims, at the last 700 

Upon the cast of Illirie his wife and he were cast. 
Where ny forpind with cares and yeares, while of the chaunces past 
Upon their house, and of their toyles and former travails tane 
They sadly talkt betweene themselves, was my speare head the bane 
Of that same ougly Snake of Mars (quoth Cadmus) when I fled 
From Sidon ? or did I his teeth in ploughed pasture spred ? 
If for the death of him the Goddes so cruell vengeaunce take, 

95 



Drawen out in length upon my wombe then traile I like a snake. 
He had no sooner sayde the worde but that he gan to glide 
Upon his belly like a Snake. And on his hardened side 710 

He felt the scales new budding out, the which was wholy fret 
With speeded droppes of blacke and gray as thicke as could be set. 
He falleth groveling on his brest, and both his shankes doe growe 
In one round spindle Bodkinwise with sharpned point below. 
His armes as yet remayned still : his armes that did remayne, 
He stretched out, and sayde with teares that plentuously did raine 
A downe his face, which yet did keepe the native fashion sownd, 
Come hither wyfe, come hither wight most wretched on the ground, 
And whyle that ought of me remaynes vouchsafe to touche the same. 
Come take mee by the hand as long as hand may have his name, 720 

Before this snakish shape doe whole my body over runne. 
He would have spoken more when sodainely his tongue begunne 
To split in two and speache did fayle : and as he did attempt 
To make his mone, he hist : for nature now had cleane exempt 
All other speach. His wretched wyfe hir naked stomack beete, 
And cryde, what meaneth this ? deare Cadmus where are now thy feete ? 
Where are thy shoulders and thy handes, thy hew and manly face ? 
With all the other things that did thy princely person grace ? 
Which nowe I overpasse. But why yee Goddes doe you delay 
My bodie unto lyke misshape of Serpent to convay ? 730 

When this was spoken, Cadmus lickt his wyfe about the lippes : 
And (as a place with which he was acquaynted well) he slippes 
Into hir boosome, lovingly embracing hir, and cast 
Himselfe about hir necke, as oft he had in tyme forepast. 
Such as were there (their folke were there) were flaighted at the sight, 
For by and by they sawe their neckes did glister slicke and bright. 
And on their snakish heades grew crests : and finally they both 
Were into verie Dragons turnd, and foorth together goth 
Tone trayling by the tothers side untill they gaynd a wood, 
The which direct against the place where as they were then stood. 740 

And now remembring what they were themselves in tymes forepast, 
They neyther shonne nor hurten men with stinging nor with blast. 
But yet a comfort to them both in this their altred hew 
Became that noble impe of theirs that Indie did subdew, > 

Whom al Achaia worshipped with temples builded new. J 

All only Acrise Abas sonne (though of the selfe same stocke) 
Remaind, who out of Argos walles unkindly did him locke. 
And moved wilfull warre against his Godhead : thinking that 
There was not any race of Goddes : for he beleved not 

That Persey was the sonne of Jove : or that he was conceyved 750 

By Danae of golden shower through which shee was deceived. 
But yet ere long (such present force hath truth) he doth repent 
As well his great impietie against God Bacchus meant 
As also that he did disdaine his Nephew for to knowe. 
But Bacchus now full gloriously himselfe in Heaven doth showe. 
And Persey bearing in his hand the monster Gorgons head, 
That famous spoyle which here and there with snakish haire was spread, 
Doth beat the ayre with wavyng wings. And as he overflew 

96 



The Lybicke sandes, the droppes of bloud that from the head did sew 

Of Gorgon being new cut off, upon the ground did fal. 760 

Which taking them (and as it were conceyving therwithall,) 

Engendred sundrie Snakes and wormes : by meanes wherof that clyme 

Did swarme with Serpents ever since, even to this present tyme. 

From thence he lyke a watrie cloud was caried with the weather, 
Through all the heaven, now here, now there, as light as any feather. 
And from aloft he viewes the earth that underneath doth lye : 
And swiftly over all the worlde doth in conclusion flie. 
Three times the chilling beares, three times y crabbes fell cleas he saw : *] 
Oft times to Weast, oftimes to East, did drive him many a flaw. I 

Now at such time as unto rest the sunne began to drawe, 770 

Bicause he did not thinke it good to be abroad all night, 
Within King Atlas Westerne Realme he ceased from his flight, > 

Requesting that a little space of rest enjoy he might, 
Untill such tyme as Lucifer shoulde bring the morning gray, 
And morning bring the lightsome Sunne that guides the cherefull day. 
This Atlas Japets Nephewe, was a man that did excell 
In stature everie other wight that in the worlde did dwell. 
The utmost coast of all the earth and all that Sea wherein 
The tyred steedes and wearied Wayne of Phcebus dived bin, 
Were in subjection to this King. A thousande flockes of sheepe, 780 

A thousand heirdes of Rother beastes he in his fields did keepe. 
And not a neighbor did anoy his ground by dwelling nie. 
To him the wandring Persey thus his language did applie. 
If high renowne of royall race thy noble heart may move, 
I am the sonne of Jove himselfe : or if thou more approve 
The valiant deedes and hault exploytes, thou shalt perceive in mee 
Such doings as deserve with prayse extolled for to bee. 
I pray thee of thy courtesie receive mee as thy guest, 
And let mee only for this night within thy palace rest. 

King Atlas called straight to minde an auncient prophesie 790 

Made by Parnassian T/iemys, which this sentence did implie. 
The time shall one day Atlas come in which thy golden tree 
Shall of hir fayre and precious fruite dispoyld and robbed bee. 
And he shall be the sonne of Jove that shall enjoy the pray. 
For feare hereof he did enclose his Orchard everie way 
With mightie hilles, and put an ougly Dragon in the same 
To keepe it. Further he forbad that any straunger came 
Within his Realme, and to this knight he sayde presumtuouslie, 
Avoyd my land, onlesse thou wilt by utter perill trie > 

That all thy glorious actes whereof thou doest so loudly lie J 800 

And Jove thy father be too farre to helpe thee at thy neede. 
To these his wordes he added force, and went about in deede 
To drive him out by strength of hand. To speake was losse of winde 
For neyther could intreating faire nor stoutnesse tourne his minde. 
Well then (quoth Persey) sith thou doest mine honour set so light, 
Take here a present : and with that he turnes away his sight, 
And from his left side drewe mee out Medusas lothly head. 
As huge and big as Atlas was he tourned in that stead 
Into a mountaine : Into trees his beard and locks did passe : 

o 97 



) 



His hands and shoulders made the ridge: that part which lately was 810 

His head, became the highest top of all the hill : his bones 
Were turnd to stones : and therewithall he grew mee all at ones 
Beyond all measure up in heigth (For so God thought it best) 
So farre that Heaven with all the starres did on his shoulders rest. 
In endlesse prison by that time had Aeolus lockt the wind : 
And now the cheerely morning starre that putteth folke in mind 
To rise about the daylie worke shone brightly in the skie. 
Then Persey unto both his feete did streight his feathers tie ) 

And girt his Woodknife to his side, and from the earth did stie : J 

And leaving nations nomberlesse beneath him everie way 820 

At last upon King Cepheyes fields in Aethiop did he stay. 
Where cleane against all right and law by Joves commaundement 
Andromad for hir mothers tongue did suffer punishment, 
Whome to a rocke by both the armes when fastned hee had seene, 
He would have thought of Marble stone shee had some image beene, 
But that hir tresses to and fro the whisking winde did blowe, 
And trickling teares warme from hir eyes a downe hir cheeks did flow. 
Unwares hereat gan secret sparkes within his breast to glow. 
His wittes were straught at sight thereof and ravisht in such wise, 
That how to hover with his wings he scarsly could devise. 830 

Assoone as he had stayd himselfe, O Ladie faire (quoth hee) 
Not worthie of such bands as these, but such wherewith we see \ 

Togither knit in lawfull bed the earnest lovers bee, 
I pray thee tell mee what thy selfe and what this lande is named 
And wherefore thou dost weare these Chains ? the Ladie ill ashamed 
Was at the sodaine striken domb : and lyke a fearfull maid 
Shee durst not speake unto a man. Had not hir handes beene staid 
She would have hid hir bashfull face. Howbeit as she might 
With great abundance of hir teares shee stopped up hir sight. 
But when that Persey oftentimes was earnestly in hand 840 

To learne the matter, for bicause shee woulde not seeme to stand > 

In stubborne silence of hir faultes, shee tolde him what the land J 

And what she hight : and how hir mother for hir beauties sake 
Through pride did unadvisedly too much upon hir take. 
And ere shee full had made an ende, the water gan to rore : 
An ougly monster from the deepe was making to the shore 
Which bare the Sea before his breast. The Virgin shrieked out. 
Hir father and hir mother both stood mourning thereabout 
In wretched ease both twaine, but not so wretched as the maid 
Who wrongly for hir mothers fault the bitter raunsome paid. 850 

They brought not with them any help : but (as the time and cace 
Requird) they wept and wrang their hands, and streightly did embrace 
Hir bodie fastened to the rock. Then Persey them bespake 
And sayde : the time may serve too long this sorrow for to make : 
But time of helpe must eyther now or never else be take. 
Now if I Persey sonne of hir whome in hir fathers towre 
The mightie Jove begat with childe in shape of golden showre, 
Who cut off" ougly Gorgons head bespred with snakish heare. 
And in the Ayre durst trust these winges my body for to beare, 
Perchaunce should save your daughters life, I think ye should as then 860 

98 



Accept mee for your sonne in lawe before all other men. 

To these great thewes (by the help of God) I purpose for to adde 

A just desert in helping hir that is so hard bestadde. 

I covenaunt with you by my force and manhod for to save hir, 

Conditionly that to my wife in recompence I have hir. 

Hir parents tooke his offer streight : for who would sticke thereat, 
And praid him faire, and promisde him that for performing that 
They would endow him with the ryght of all their Realme beeside. 
Like as a Gaily with hir nose doth cut the waters wide, 

Enforced by the sweating armes of Rowers wyth the tide : 870 

Even so the monster with his brest did beare the waves aside, 
And was now come as neere the rocke as well a man myght fling 
Amid the pure and vacant aire a pellet from a sling, 
When on the sodaine Persey pusht his foote against the ground, 
And flied upward to the clouds : his shadow did rebound 
Upon the sea : the beast ran fierce upon the passing shade. 
And as an Egle when he sees a Dragon in a glade 
Lye beaking of his blewish backe against the sunnie rayes, 
Doth sease upon him unbeware, and with his talants layes 

Sure holde upon his scalie necke, least writhing back his head 880 

His cruell teeth might doe him harme : So Persey in that stead 
Discending downe the ayre a maine with all his force and might "| 
Did cease upon the monsters backe : and underneath the right I 
Finne hard unto the verie hilt his hooked sworde did smight. J 
The monster being wounded sore did sometime leape aloft, 
And sometime under water dive, bestirring him full oft 
As doth a chaufed Boare beset with barking Dogges about. 
But Persey with his lightsome wings still keeping him without 
The monsters reach, with hooked sword doth sometime hew his back 
Whereas the hollow scales give way : and sometime he doth hacke 8 90 

The ribbes on both his maled sides : and sometime he doth wound 
His spindle tayle where into fish it growes most smal and round. 
The Whale at Persey from his mouth such waves of water cast, 
Bemixed with the purple bloud, that all bedreint at last / 

His feathers verie heavie were : and doubting any more 
To trust his wings now waxing wet, he straight began to sore 
Up to a rocke, which in the calme above the water stood, 
But in the tempest evermore was hidden with the flood : 
And leaning thereunto, and with his left hand holding just 

The top thereof, a dozen times his weapon he did thrust 900 

Among his guttes. The joyful noyse and clapping of their hands 
The which were made for loosening of Andromad from hir bands, 
Fillde all the coast and heaven it selfe. The parents of the Maide 
Cassiope and Cephetis were glad and well appayde : 
And calling him their sonne in law confessed him to bee 
The helpe and savegarde of their house. Andromade the fee 
And cause of Perseys enterprise from bondes now beyng free, 
He washed his victorious hands. And least the Snakie head 
With lying on the gravell harde shoulde catch some harme, he spred 

99 



Soft leaves and certaine tender twigs that on the water grew, "| 910 

And laid Medusas head thereon : the twigs yet being new > 

And quicke and full of juicie pith full lightly to them drew J 

The nature of this monstrous head, for both the leafe and bough 

Full straungely at the touch thereof became both hard and tough. 

The Seanymphes tride this wondrous fact in divers other roddes 

And were full glad to see the chaunge, bicause there was no oddes 

Of leaves or twigs or of the seedes new shaken from the coddes. 

For still like nature ever since is in our Corall founde : 

That looke how soone it toucheth Ayre it waxeth hard and sounde, 

And that which under water was a sticke, above is stone. 920 

Three altars to as many Gods he makes of Turfe anon : 

Upon the left hand Mercuries : Minervas on the right : 

And in the middle Jupiters: to Pallas he did dight 

A Cow : a Calfe to Mercurie : a Bull to royall Jove. 

Forthwith he tooke Andromade the price for which he strove 

Endowed with hir fathers Realme. For now the God of Love 

And Hymen unto mariage his minde in hast did move. 

Great fires were made of sweete perfumes, and curious garlandes hung 

About the house, which every where of mirthfull musicke rung 

The gladsome signe of merie mindes. The Pallace gates were set 930 

Wide open : none from comming in were by the Porters let. 

All Noblemen and Gentlemen that were of any port 

To this same great and royall feast of Cephey did resort. 

When having taken their repast as well of meate as wine 
Their hearts began to pleasant mirth by leysure to encline, 
The valiant Persey of the folke and facions of the land 
Began to be inquisitive. One Lincide out of hand > 

The rites and maners of the folke did doe him t'understand. J 

Which done he sayd : O worthie knight I pray thee tell us by 
What force or wile thou gotst the head with haires of Adders slie. 940 

Then Persey tolde how underneath colde Atlas lay a plaine 
So fenced in on every side with mountaines high, that vaine 
Were any force to win the same. In entrance of the which 
Two daughters of King Phorcis dwelt whose chaunce and hap was such 
That one eye served both their turnes : whereof by wilie slight 
And stealth in putting forth his hand he did bereve them quight, 
As they from tone to tother were delivering of the same. 
From whence by long blind crooked wayes unhandsomly he came 
Through gastly groves by ragged cliffes unto the drerie place 
Whereas the Gorgons dwelt : and there he saw (a wretched case) 950 

The shapes as well of men as beasts lie scattered everie where 
In open fields and common wayes, the which transformed were > 
From living things to stones at sight of foule Medusas heare : J 
But yet that he through brightnesse of his monstrous brazen shield 
The which he in his left hand bare, Medusas face beheld. 
And while that in a sound dead sleepe were all hir Snakes and she, 
He softly pared of hir head : and how that he did see 
Swift Pegasus the winged horse and eke his brother grow 
Out of their mothers new shed bloud. Moreover he did show 



100 



A long discourse of all his happes and not so long as trew : 960 

As namely of what Seas and landes the coasts he overflew, > 

And eke what starres with stying wings he in the while did vew. J 
But yet his tale was at an ende ere any lookt therefore. 
Upon occasion by and by of wordes reherst before 
There was a certaine noble man demaunded him wherefore 
Shee only of the sisters three haire mixt with Adders bore. 
Sir (aunswerde Persey) sith you aske a matter worth report 
I graunt to tell you your demaunde : she both in comly port 
And beautie, every other wight surmounted in such sort, 

That many suters unto hir did earnestly resort. J 970 

And though that whole from top to toe most bewtifull she were, 
In all hir bodie was no part more goodly than hir heare. 
I know some parties yet alive, that say they did hir see. 
It is reported how she should abusde by Neptune bee 
In Pallas Church : from which fowle facte Joves daughter turnde hir eye, 
And with hir Target hid hir face from such a villanie. 
And least it should unpunisht be, she turnde hir seemely heare 
To lothly Snakes : the which (the more to put hir foes in feare) \ 

Before hir brest continually she in hir shield doth beare. J 



Finis quarti Libri. 



101 




fTHE FYFT BOOKE 

of Ovids Metamorphosis. 

JOW while that Danaes noble sonne was telling of these things 
Amid a throng of Cepheys Lordes, through al the Pallace rings 
A noyse of people nothing like the sound of such as sing 
At wedding feastes, but like the rore of such as tidings bring 
Of cruell warre. This sodaine chaunge from feasting unto fray 
Might well be likened to the Sea: whych standing at a stay 
The woodnesse of the windes makes rough by raising of the wave. 
King Cepheys brother Phyney was the man that rashly gave 
The first occasion of this fray. Who shaking in his hand 

A Dart of Ash with head of Steele, sayd loe, loe here I stand 10 

To chalenge thee that wrongfully my ravisht spouse doste holde. 
Thy wings nor yet thy forged Dad in shape of feyned golde 
Shall now not save thee from my hands. As with that word he bent 
His arme aloft, the foresaid Dart at Persey to have sent : 
What doste thou brother (Cephey cride) what madnesse moves thy minde 
To doe so foule a deede? is this the friendship he shall finde 
Among us for his good deserts ? And wilt thou needes requite 
The saving of thy Neeces life with such a foule despight? 
Whome Persey hath not from thee tane : but (if thou be advisde) 
But Neptunes heavie wrath bicause his Seanymphes were despisde, 20 

But horned Hammon : but the beast which from the Sea arrived 
On my deare bowels for to feede. That time wert thou deprived 
Of thy betroothed, when hir life upon the losing stoode : 
Onlesse perchaunce to see hir lost it woulde have done thee good, 
And easde thy heart to see me sad. And may it not suffice 
That thou didst see hir to the rocke fast bound before thine eyes, 
And didst not helpe hir beyng both hir husband and hir Eame, 
Onlesse thou grudge that any man should come within my Realme 
To save hir life? and seeke to rob him of his just rewarde? 

Which if thou thinke to be so great, thou shouldst have had regarde 30 

Before, to fetch it from the rocke to whichthou sawste it bound. 
I pray thee brother seeing that by him the meanes is found 
That in mine age without my childe I go not to the grounde, 
Permit him to enjoy the price for which we did compounde, 
And which he hath by due desert of purchace deerely bought. 
For brother let it never sinke nor enter in thy thought, 
That I set more by him than thee : but this may well be sed, 
I rather had to give hir him than see my daughter dead. 
He gave him not a worde againe : But looked eft on him, 

And eft on Persey irefully with countnance stoure and grim, 40 

Not knowing which were best to hit : And after little stay 
He shooke his Dart, and flung it forth with all the powre and sway 
That Anger gave at Perseys head. But harme it did him none, 
It sticked in the Bedsteddes head that Persey sate upon. 

Then Persey sternely starting up and pulling out the Dart, 
Did throw it at his foe agayne, and therewithall his hart 

102 



Had cliven a sunder, had he not behinde an Altar start. 

The Altar (more the pitie was) did save the wicked wight. 

Yet threw he not the Dart in vaine : it hit one Rhetus right 

Amid the foreheade : who therewith sanke downe, and when the Steele 50 

Was plucked out, he sprawlde about and spurned with his heele, 

And all berayed the boord with bloud. Then all the other rout 

As fierce as fire flang Dartes : and some there were that cried out 

That Cephey with his sonne in lawe was worthy for to die. 

But he had wound him out of doores, protesting solemly 

As he was just and faithfull Prince, and swearing eke by all 

The Gods of Hospitalitie, that thatsame broyle did fall 

Full sore against his will. At hand was warlie Pallas streight 

And shadowed Persey with hir shielde, and gave him heart in feight. 

There was one Atys borne in Inde, (of faire Lymniace 60 

The River Ganges daughter thought the issue for to be,) 

Of passing beautie which with rich aray he did augment. 

He ware that day a scarlet Cloke, about the which there went 

A garde of golde : a cheyne of golde he ware about his necke : 

And eke his haire perfumde with Myrrhe a costly crowne did decke. 

Full sixtene yeares he was of age : such cunning skill he coulde 

In darting, as to hit his marke farre distant when he would, 

But how to handle Bow and shaftes much better did he know. 

Now as he was about that time to bende his horned Bowe, 

A firebrand Persey raught that did upon the Aultar smoke, 70 

And dasht him overthwart the face with such a violent stroke, > 
That all bebattred was his head and bones a sunder broke. J 

When Lycabas of Assur lande his moste assured friend 
And deare companion being no dissembler of his miend 
Which most entierly did him love, behelde him on the ground 
Lie weltring with disfigurde face, and through that grievous wound 
Now gasping out his parting ghost, his death he did lament, 
And taking hasdy up the bow that Atys erst had bent, 
Encounter thou with me (he saide) thou shalt not long enjoy 
Thy triumphing in braverie thus, for killing of this boy, 80 

By which thou getst more spight than prayse. All this was scarcely sed, 
But that the arrow from the string went streyned to the head. 
Howbeit Persey (as it hapt) so warely did it shunne, 
As that it in his coteplights hung, then to him did he runne, 
With Harpe in his hand bestaind with grim Medusas blood, 
And thrust him through the brest therwith : he quothing as he stood, 
Did looke about where Atys lay with dim and dazeling eyes. 
Now waving under endlesse night : and downe by him he lies, > 

And for to comfort him withall togither with him dies. J 

Behold through gredie haste to feight one Phorbas Methions son 90 

A Swevite: and of Lybie lande one callde Amphimedon 
By fortune sliding in the blood with which the ground was wet, 
Fell downe : and as they woulde have rose, Perseus fauchon met 
With both of them. Amphimedon upon the ribbes he smote, 
And with the like celeritie he cut me Phorbas throte. 
But unto Erith Actors sonne that in his hande did holde 
A brode browne Byll, with his short sword he durst not be too bolde 

103 



wn 

) 



To make approch. With both his handes a great and massie cup 

Embost with cunnyng portrayture aloft he taketh up, 

And sendes it at him. He spewes up red bloud: and falling downe 100 

Upon his backe, against the ground doth knocke his dying crowne. 

Then downe he Polydemon throwes extract of royall race 

And Abaris the Scithian, and Clytus in lyke case, 

And E/ice with his unshorne lockes, and also Phlegias, 

And Lycet olde Sperchesies sonne, with divers other mo, 

That on the heapes of corses slaine he treades as he doth go. 
And Phyney daring not presume to meete his foe at hand 
Did cast a Dart : which hapt to light on Idas who did stand 

Aloofe as neuter (though in vaine) not medling with the Fray. 

Who casting backe a frowning looke at Phyney, thus did say. 1 10 

Sith whether that I will or no compeld I am perforce 

To take a part, have Phyney here him whome thou dost enforce 

To be thy foe, and with this wound my wrongfull wound requite. 

But as he from his body pullde the Dart, with all his might 

To throw it at his foe againe, his limmes so feebled were 

With losse of bloud, that downe he fell and could not after steare. 

There also lay Odites slaine the chiefe in all the land 

Next to King Cephey, put to death by force of Clymens hand. 

Protenor was by Hypsey killde, and Lyncide did as much 

For Hypsey. In the throng there was an auncient man and such 120 

A one as loved righteousnesse and greatly feared God : 

Emathion called was his name : whome sith his yeares forbod 

To put on armes, he feights with tongue, inveying earnesdy 

Against that wicked war the which he banned bitterly. 

As on the Altar he himselfe with quivering handes did stay, 

One Cromis tipped of his head : his head cut off streight way 

Upon the Altar fell, and there his tongue not fully dead, 

Did bable still the banning wordes the which it erst had sed, 

And breathed forth his fainting ghost among the burning brandes. 

Then Brote and Hammon brothers, twins, stout champions of their hands 130 
In wrestling Pierlesse (if so be that wrestling could sustaine 

The furious force of slicing swordes) were both by Phyney slaine. 

And so was Alphit Ceres Priest that ware upon his crowne 

A stately Miter faire and white with Tables hanging downe. 

Thou also Japets sonne for such affaires as these unmeete 

But meete to tune thine instrument with voyce and Ditie sweete 

The worke of peace, were thither callde th'assemblie to rejoyce 

And for to set the manage forth with pleasant singing voyce. 

As with his Viall in his hand he stoode a good way off, 

There commeth to him Petalus and sayes in way of scoffe : 140 

Go sing the resdue to the ghostes about the Stygian Lake, 

And in the left side of his heade his dagger poynt he strake. 

He sanke downe deade with fingers still yet warbling on the string, 

And so mischaunce knit up with wo the song that he did sing. 

But fierce Lycormas could not beare to see him murdred so 

Without revengement. Up he caught a mightie Leaver tho 

That wonted was to barre the doore a right side of the house, 

And therewithall to Petalus he lendeth such a souse 

104 



Full in the noddle of the necke, that like a snetched Oxe 

Streight tumbling downe, against the ground his groveling face he knox. 150 

And Pelates a Garamant attempted to have caught 

The left doore barre : but as thereat with stretched hand he raught, 

One Coryt sonne of Marmarus did with a Javelin stricke 

Him through the hand, that to the wood fast nayled did it sticke. 

As Pelates stoode fastned thus, one Abas goard his side : 

He could not fall, but hanging still upon the poste there dide 

Fast nayled by the hand. And there was overthrowne a Knight 

Of Perseyes band callde Melaney, and one that Dorill hight 

A man of greatest landes in all the Realme of Nasamone. 

That occupide so large a grounde as Dorill was there none, 1 60 

Nor none that had such store of corne : there came a Dart a skew 

And lighted in his Coddes the place where present death doth sew. 

When Alcion of Barcey he that gave this deadly wound 

Beheld him yesking forth his ghost and falling to the ground 

With watrie eyes the white turnde up : content thy selfe he said 

With that same little plot of grounde whereon thy corse is layde, 

In steade of all the large fat fieldes which late thou didst possesse. 

And with that word he left him dead. Perseus to redresse 

This slaughter and this spightfull taunt, streight snatched out the Dart 

That sticked in the fresh warme wound, and with an angrie hart 170 

Did send it at the throwers head : the Dart did split his nose 

Even in the middes, and at his necke againe the head out goes : 

So that it peered both the wayes. Whiles fortune doth support 

And further Persey thus, he killes (but yet in sundrie sort) 

Two brothers by the mother : tone callde Clyde tother Dane. 

For on a dart through both his thighes did Clyde take his bane : 

And Danus with another Dart was striken in the mouth. 

There died also Celadon a Gipsie of the South : 

And so did bastard Astrey too, whose mother was a Jew : 

And sage Ethion well foreseene in things that should ensew, 180 

But utterly beguilde as then by Birdes that aukly flew. 

King Cepheyes harnessebearer callde Thoactes lost his life, 

And Agyrt whom for murdring late his father with a knife 

The worlde spake shame off. Nathelesse much more remainde behinde 

Than was dispatched of of hand : for all were full in minde 

To murder one, the wicked throng had sworne to spend their blood 

Against the right, and such a man as had deserved good. 

A totherside (although in vaine) of mere affection stood 

The Father and the Motherinlaw, and eke the heavie bride, 

Who filled with their piteous playnt the Court on everie side. 190 

But now the clattring of the swordes and harnesse at that tide 

With grievous grones and sighes of such as wounded were or dide, 

Did raise up such a cruell rore that nothing could be heard. 

For fierce Bellona so renewde the battell afterward, 

That all the house did swim in blood. Duke Phyney with a rout 

Of moe than of a thousand men environd round about 

The valiant Persey all alone. The Dartes of Phyneys bande 

Came thicker than the Winters hayle doth fall upon the lande, 

By both his sides his eyes and eares. He warely thereupon 

p 105 



Withdrawes, and leanes his backe against a huge great arche of stone : 200 

And being safe behind, he settes his face against his foe 

Withstanding all their fierce assaultes. There did assaile him thoe 

Upon the left side Molpheus a Prince of Choanie, 

And on the right Ethemon borne hard by in Arabic 

Like as the Tyger when he heares the lowing out of Neate 

In sundry Medes, enforced sore through abstinence from meate, 

Would faine be doing with them both, and can not tell at which 

Were best to give adventure first : So Persey who did itch 

To be at host with both of them, and doubtfull whether side 

To turne him on, the right or left, upon advantage spide 210 

Did wound me Molphey on the leg, and from him quight him drave. 

He was contented with his flight : for why Ethemon gave 

No respite to him to pursue : but like a franticke man 

Through egernesse to wounde his necke, without regarding whan 

Or how to strike for haste, he burst his brittle sworde in twaine 

Against the Arche : the poynt whereof rebounding backe againe, 

Did hit himselfe upon the throte. Howbeit that same wound 

Was unsufficient for to sende Ethemon to the ground. 

He trembled holding up his handes for mercie, but in vaine. 

For Persey thrust him through the hart with Hermes hooked skaine. 220 

But when he saw that valiantnesse no lenger could avayle, 

By reason of the multitude that did him still assayle, 
Sith you your selves me force to call mine enmie to mine ayde, 
I will do so : if any friend of mine be here (he sayd) 
Sirs turne your faces all away : and therewithall he drew 
Out Gorgons head. One Thessa/us streight raging to him flew, 
And sayd : go seeke some other man whome thou mayst make abasht 
With these thy foolish juggling toyes. And as he would have dasht 
His Javeling in him with that worde to kill him out of hand, 
With gesture throwing forth his Dart all Marble did he stand. 230 

His sworde through Lyncids noble hart had Amphix thought to shove : 
His hand was stone, and neyther one nor other way could move : 
But Niley who did vaunt himselfe to be the Rivers sonne 
That through the boundes of Aegypt land in channels seven doth runne, 
And in his shielde had graven part of silver, part of golde 
The said seven channels of the Nile, sayd : Persey here beholde 
From whence we fetch our piedegree : it may rejoyce thy hart 
To die of such a noble hand as mine. The latter part 
Of these his words could scarce be heard : the dint therof was drownde : 
Ye would have thought him speaking still with open mouth : but sound > 240 
Did none forth passe : there was for speache no passage to be found. J 
Rebuking them cries Eryx: Sirs it is not Gorgons face 
It is your owne faint heartes that make you stonie in this case. 
Come let us on this fellow run and to the grounde him beare 
That feightes by witchcraft : as with that his feete forth stepping were, 
They stacke still fastened to the floore : he could not move a side, 
An armed image all of stone he speachlesse did abide. 
All these were justly punished. But one there was a knight 
Of Perseys band, in whose defence as Acont stoode to feight, 
He waxed overgrowne with stone at ugly Gorgons sight. J 250 

106 



} 



Whome still as yet Astyages supposing for to live, "| 

Did with a long sharp arming sworde a washing blow him give. I 

The sword did clinlce against the stone and out the sparcles drive. J 

While all amazde Astyages stoode wondering at the thing, 

The selfe same nature on himselfe the Gorgons head did bring. 

And in his visage which was stone a countnance did remaine 

Of wondring still. A wearie worke it were to tell you plaine 

The names of all the common sort. Two hundred from that fray 

Did scape unslaine : but none of them did go alive away. 

The whole two hundred every one at sight of Gorgons heare 260 

Were turned into stockes of stone. Then at the length for feare 

Did Phyney of his wrongfull war forthinke himselfe full sore. 

But now (alas) what remedie ? he saw there stand before 

His face, his men like Images in sundrie shapes all stone. 

He knew them well, and by their names did call them everychone 

Desiring them to succor him : and trusting not his sight 

He feeles the bodies that were next, and all were Marble quight. 

He turnes himselfe from Persey ward and humbly as he standes 

He wries his armes behinde his backe : and holding up his handes, 

O noble Persey thou hast got the upper hand he sed. 270 

Put up that monstruous sheelde of thine : put up that Gorgons head. 

That into stones transformed! men : put up I thee desire. 

Not hatred, nor bicause to reigne as King I did aspire, 

Have moved me to make this fray. The only force of love 

In seeking my betrothed spouse, did here unto me move. 

The better title seemeth thine bicause of thy desert : 

And mine by former promise made. It irkes me at the heart 

In that I did not give the place. None other thing I crave 

worthie knight, but that thou graunt this life of mine to save. 

Let all things else beside be thine. As he thus humbly spake 280 

Not daring looke at him to whome he did entreatance make, 

The thing (quoth Persey) which to graunt both I can finde in heart, 

And is no little courtesie to shewe without desert 

Upon a Coward, I will graunt O fearefull Duke to thee. 

Set feare a side : thou shalt not hurt with any weapon bee. 

1 will moreover so provide, as that thou shalt remaine 
An everlasting monument of this dayes toyle and paine. 
The pallace of my Fathrinlaw shall henceforth be thy shrine 
Where thou shalt stand continually before my spouses eyen. 

That of hir husband having ay the Image in hir sight, 290 

She may from time to time receyve some comfort and delight. 
He had no sooner sayd these wordes but that he turnde his shielde 
With Gorgons heade to that same part where Phyney with a mielde 
And fearfull countnance set his face. Then also as he wride 
His eyes away, his necke waxt stiffe, his teares to stone were dride. 
A countnance in the stonie stocke of feare did still appeare 
With humble looke and yeelding handes and gastly ruthfull cheare. 
With conquest and a noble wife doth Persey home repaire 
And in revengement of the right against the wrongfull heyre, 

107 



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As in his Graundsires just defence he falles in hand with Prete "] 300 

Who like no brother but a foe did late before defeate 

King Acrise of his townes by warre and of his royall seate. 

But neyther could his men of warre nor fortresse won by wrong 

Defend him from the griesly looke of grim Medusa long. 

And yet thee foolish Polydect of little Serip/i King, 

Such rooted rancor inwardly continually did sting, 

That neyther Perseys prowesse tride in such a sort of broyles, 

Nor yet the perils he endurde, nor all this troublous toyles 

Could cause thy stomacke to relent. Within thy stonie brest 

Workes such a kinde of festred hate as cannot be represt. 310 

Thy wrongfull malice hath none ende. Moreover thou of spite 

Repining at his worthy praise, his doings doste backbite, 

Upholding that Medusas death was but a forged lie : 

So long till Persey for to shewe the truth apparantly, 

Desiring such as were his friendes to turne away there eye, 

Drue out Medusas ougly head. At sight whereof anon 

The hatefull Tyran Polydect was turned to a stone. 

The Goddesse Pallas all this while did keepe continually 

Hir brother Persey companie, till now that she did stie 
From Seriph in a hollow cloud, and leaving on the right 320 

The Isles of Scyre and Gyaros, she made from thence hir flight 
Directly over that same Sea as neare as eye could ame 
To Thebe and Mount Helicon. And when she thither came, 
She stayde hir selfe, and thus bespake the learned sisters nine, 
A rumor of an uncouth spring did pierce these eares of mine, 
The which the winged steede should make by stamping with his hoofe. 
This is the cause of my repaire ; I would for certaine proofe 
Be glad to see the wondrous thing. For present there I stoode 
And saw the selfe same Pegasus spring of his mother's blood. 
Dame Uranie did entertaine and aunswere Pallas thus. 330 

What cause so ever moves your grace to come and visit us, 
Most heartely you welcome are : and certaine is the fame 
Of this our Spring, that Pegasus was causer of the same. 
And with that worde she led hir foorth to see the sacred spring, 
Who musing greatly with hir selfe at straungeness of the thing, 
Surveyde the Woodes and groves about of auncient stately port. 
And when she saw the Bowres to which the Muses did resort, > 

And pleasant fields beclad with herbes of sundrie hew and sort, J 

She said that for their studies sake they were in happie cace 
And also that to serve their turne they had so trim a place. 340 

Then one of them replied thus. O noble Ladie who 
(But that your vertue greater workes than these are, calles you to) 
Should else have bene of this our troupe, your saying is full true. 
To this our trade of life and place is commendation due. 
And sure we have a luckie lot and if the world were such 
As that we might in safetie live : but lewdnesse reignes so much 
That all things make us Maides afraide. Me thinkes I yet do see "] 
The wicked Tyran Pyren still : my heart is yet scarce free > 

From that same feare with which it hapt us slighted for to bee. 
This cruell Pyren was of Thrace and with his men of war 350 

108 






The land of Phocis had subdude, and from this place not far 

Within the Citie Daw/is reignde by force of wrongfull hand. 

One day to Phebus Temples warde that on Parnasus stand 

As we were going, in our way he met us courteously, 

And by the name of Goddesses saluting reverently 

Said : O ye Dames of Meonie (for why he knew us well) 

I pray you stay and take my house untill this storme (there fell 

That time a tempest and a showre) be past : the Gods aloft 

Have entred smaller sheddes than mine full many a time and oft. 

The rainie weather and his wordes so moved us, that wee 360 

To go into an outer house of his did all agree. 

As soone as that the showre was past and heaven was voyded cleare 

Of all the Cloudes which late before did every where appeare, 

Untill that Boreas had subdude the rainie Southerne winde : 

We woulde have by and by bene gone. He shet the doores, in minde 

To ravish us : but we with wings escaped from his hands. 

He purposing to follow us, upon a Turret stands, 

And sayth he needes will after us the same way we did flie. 

And with that worde full frantickly he leapeth downe from hie, 

And pitching evelong on his face, the bones a sunder crasht, 370 

And dying, all abrode the ground his wicked bloud bedasht. 

Now as the Muse was telling this, they herd a noyse of wings, 
And from the leavie boughes aloft a sound of greeting rings. 
Minerva looking up thereat demaunded whence the sounde "] 

Of tongues that so distincdy spake did come so plaine and rounde. ^ 
She thought some woman or some man had greeted hir that stounde. J 
It was a flight of Birdes. Nyne Pies bewailing their mischaunce, 
In counterfeiting everie thing from bough to bough did daunce. 
As Pallas wondred at the sight, the Muse spake thus in summe. 
These also being late ago in chalenge overcome, 380 

Made one kinde more of Birdes then was of auncient time beforne. 
In Macedone they were about the Citie Pella borne 
Of Pierus a great riche Chuffe and Euip, who by ayde 
Of strong Lucina travelling ninetimes, nine times was laide 
Of daughters in hir childbed safe. This fond and foolish rout 
Of doltish sisters taking pride and waxing verie stout, 
Bicause they were in number nine, came flocking all togither 
Through all the townes of Thessalie and all Achaia hither, 
And us with these or such like wordes to combate did provoke. 
Cease off ye Thespian Goddesses to mocke the simple folke 390 

With fondnesse of your Melodic And if ye thinke in deede 
Ye can doe aught, contend with us and see how you shall speede. 
I warrant you ye passe us not in cunning nor in voyce. 
Ye are here nine, and so are we. We put you to the choyce, 
That eyther we will vanquish you and set you quight beside 
Your fountaine made by Pegasus which is your chiefest pride, 
And Aganippe too : or else confounde you us, and we 
Of all the woods of Macedone will dispossessed be, 
As farre as snowie Peonie : and let the Nymphes be Judges. 
Now in good sooth it was a shame to cope with suchie Drudges, 400 

But yet more shame it was to yeeld. The chosen Nymphes did sweare 

109 



By Styx, and sate them downe on seates of stone that growed there. 

Then streight without commission or election of the rest, 

The for most of them preasing forth undecently, profest 

The chalenge to performe : and song the battels of the Goddes. 

She gave the Giants all the praise, the honor and the oddes, 

Abasing sore the worthie deedes of all the Gods. She telles 

How Typhon issuing from the earth and from the deepest helles 

Made all the Gods above afraide, so greatly that they fled 

And never staide till Aegypt land and Nile whose streame is shed 410 

In channels seven, received them forwearied all togither: 

And how the Helhound Typhon did pursue them also thither, 

By means whereof the Gods eche one were faine themselves to hide 

In forged shapes. She saide that Jove the Prince of Gods was wride > 

In shape of Ram : which is the cause that at this present tide 

Joves ymage which the Lybian folke by name of Hammon serve, 

Is made with crooked welked homes that inward still doe terve : 

That Phebus in a Raven lurkt, and Bacchus in a Geate, 

And Phebus sister in a Cat, and Juno in a Neate, 

And Venus in the shape of Fish, and how that last of all 420 

Mercurius hid him in a Bird which Ibis men doe call. 

This was the summe of all the tale which she with rolling tung 

And yelling throteboll to hir harpe before us rudely sung. 

Our turne is also come to speake, but that perchaunce your grace 
To give the hearing to our song hath now no time nor space. 
Yes yes (quoth Pallas) tell on forth in order all your tale : 
And downe she sate among the trees which gave a pleasant swale. 
The Muse made aunswere thus : To one Calliope here by name 
This chalenge we committed have and ordring of the same. 

Then rose up faire Calliope with goodly bush of heare 430 

Trim wreathed up with yvie leaves, and with hir thumbe gan steare 
The quivering strings, to trie them if they were in tune or no. 
Which done, she playde upon hir Lute, and song hir Ditie so. 

Dame Ceres first to breake the Earth with plough the maner found, 
She first made corne and stover soft to grow upon the ground, 
She first made lawes : for all these things we are to Ceres bound. 
Of hir must I as now intreate : would God 1 could resound 
Hir worthie laude : she doubtlesse is a Goddesse worthie praise. 
Bicause the Giant Typhon gave presumptuously assayes 
To conquer Heaven, the howgie He of Trinacris is layd 440 

Upon his limmes, by weight whereof perforce he downe is weyde. 
He strives and strugles for to rise full many a time and oft. 
But on his right hand toward Rome Pelorus standes aloft : 
Pachynnus standes upon his left : his legs with Lilybie 
Are pressed downe : his monstrous head doth under Aetna lie. 
From whence he lying bolt upright with wrathfull mouth doth spit 
Out flames of fire : he wrestleth oft and walloweth for to wit 
And if he can remove the weight of all that mightie land 
Or tumble downe the townes and hilles that on his bodie stand. 
By meanes whereof it commes to passe that oft the Earth doth shake : 450 

And even the King of Ghostes himselfe for verie feare doth quake, 
Misdouting least the Earth should clive so wide that light of day 

no 



Might by the same pierce downe to Hell and there the Ghostes affray, 

Forecasting this, the Prince of Fiendes forsooke his darksome hole, 

And in a Chariot drawen with Steed es as blacke as any cole 

The whole foundation of the He of Sicill warely vewde. 

When throughly he had sercht eche place that harme had none ensewde, 

As carelessly he raungde abrode, he chaunced to be seene 

Of Venus sitting on hir hill : who taking streight betweene 

Hir armes hir winged Cupid, said : my sonne, mine only stay, 460 

My hand, mine honor and my might, go take without delay 

Those tooles which all wightes do subdue, and strike them in the hart 

Of that same God that of the world enjoyes the lowest part. 

The Gods of Heaven, and Jove himselfe, the powre of Sea and Land I 

And he that rules the powres on Earth obey thy mightie hand : \ 

And wherefore then should only Hell still unsubdued stand? 

Thy mothers Empire and thine own why doste thou not advaunce? 

The third part of al the world now hangs in doutful chaunce. 

And yet in heaven too now, their deedes thou seest me faine to beare. 

We are despisde : the strength of love with me away doth weare. 470 

Seeste not the Darter Diane and dame Pallas have already 

Exempted them from my behestes ? and now of late so heady 

Is Ceres daughter too, that if we let hir have hir will, 

She will continue all hir life a Maid unwedded still. 

For that is all hir hope, and marke whereat she mindes to shoote. 

But thou (if ought this gracious turne our honor may promote, 

Or ought our Empire beautifie which joyntly we doe holde,) 

This Damsell to hir uncle joyne. No sooner had she tolde 

These wordes, but Cupid opening streight his quiver chose therefro 

One arrow (as his mother bad) among a thousand mo. 480 

But such a one it was, as none more sharper was than it, 

Nor none went streighter from the Bow the amed marke to hit. 

He set his knee against his Bow and bent it out of hande, 

And made his forked arrowes steale in Plutos heart to stande. 

Neare Enna walles there standes a Lake Pergusa is the name. 

Cayster heareth not mo songs of Swannes than doth the same. 
A wood environs everie side the water round about, 
And with his leaves as with a veyle doth keepe the Sunne heate out. 
The boughes do yeelde a coole fresh Ayre : the moystnesse of the grounde 
Yeeldes sundrie flowres : continuall spring is all the yeare there founde. 490 
While in this garden Proserpine was taking hir pastime, 
In gathering eyther Violets blew, or Lillies white as Lime, 
And while of Maidenly desire she fillde hir Maund and Lap, 
Endevoring to outgather hir companions there. By hap 
Dis spide hir : lovde hir : caught hir up : and all at once well neere : 
So hastie, hote, and swift a thing is Love, as may appeare. 
The Ladie with a wailing voyce afright did often call 
Hir Mother and hir waiting Maides, but Mother most of all 
And as she from the upper part hir garment would have rent, 
By chaunce she let her lap slip downe, and out the flowres went. 500 

And such a sillie simplenesse hir childish age yet beares, 
That even the verie losse of them did move hir more to teares. 
The Catcher drives his Chariot forth, and calling every horse 



1 11 



By name, to make away apace he doth them still enforce : 

And shakes about their neckes and Manes their rustie bridle reynes 

And through the deepest of the Lake perforce he them constreynes. 

And through the Palik pooles, the which from broken ground doe boyle 

And smell of Brimstone verie ranke : and also by the soyle 

Where as the Bacchies folke of Corinth with the double Seas, 

Betweene unequall Havons twaine did reere a towne for ease. 510 

Betweene the fountaines of Cyane and Arethuse of Pise 
An arme of Sea that meetes enclosde with narrow homes their lies. 

Of this the Poole callde Cyane which beareth greatest fame 

Among the Nymphes of Sicilie did Algates take the name. 

Who dauncing hir unto the waste amid hir Poole did know 

Dame Proserpine, and said to Dis : ye shall no further go : 

You cannot Ceres sonneinlawe be, will she so or no. 

You should have sought hir courteously and not enforst hir so. 

And if I may with great estates my simple things compare, 

Anapus was in love with me : but yet he did not fare 520 

As you do now with Proserpine. He was content to woo 

And I unforst and unconstreind consented him untoo. 

This said, she spreaded forth hir armes and stopt him of his way. 

His hastie wrath Saturnus sonne no lenger then could stay. 

But chearing up his dreadfull Steedes did smight his royall mace 

With violence in the bottome of the Poole in that same place. 

The ground streight yeelded to his stroke and made him way to Hell, 

And downe the open gap both horse and Chariot headlong fell. 

Dame Cyan taking sore to heart as well the ravishment 

Of Proserpine against hir will, as also the contempt 530 

Against hir fountaines priviledge, did shrowde in secret hart 

An inward corsie comfortlesse, which never did depart > 

Untill she melting into teares consumde away with smart. 

The selfe same waters of the which she was but late ago 

The mighty Goddesse, now she pines and wastes hirselfe into. 

Ye might have seene hir limmes wex lithe, ye might have bent hir bones : 

Hir nayles wext soft : and first of all did melt the smallest ones : 

As haire and fingars, legges and feete : for these same slender parts 

Doe quickly into water turne, and afterward converts 

To water, shoulder, backe, brest, side : and finally in stead 540 

Of lively bloud, within hir veynes corrupted there was spred 

Thinne water : so that nothing now remained whereupon 

Ye might take holde, to water all consumed was anon. 

The carefull mother in the while did seeke hir daughter deare 
Through all the world both Sea and Land, and yet was nere the neare. 

The Morning with hir deawy haire hir slugging never found, 

Nor yet the Evening star that brings the night upon the ground. 

Two seasoned Pynetrees at the mount of Aetna did she light 

And bare them restlesse in hir handes through all the dankish night. 

Againe as soone as chierfull day did dim the starres, she sought 550 

Hir daughter still from East to West. And being overwrought 

She caught a thirst : no lyquor yet had come within hir throte. 

By chaunce she spied nere at hand a pelting thatched Cote 

Wyth peevish doores : she knockt thereat, and out there commes a trot. 



112 



The Goddesse asked hir some drinke and she denide it not : 

But out she brought hir by and by a draught of merrie go downe 

And therewithall a Hotchpotch made of steeped Barlie browne 

And Flaxe and Coriander seede, and other simples more 

The which she in an Earthen pot together sod before. 

Whiles Ceres was a eating this, before hir gazing stood 560 

A hard faaste boy a shrewde pert wag that could no maners good : 

He laughed at hir and in scorne did call hir greedie gut. 

The Goddesse being wroth therewith, did on the Hotchpotch put 

The liquor ere that all was eate, and in his face it threw. 

Immediatly the skinne thereof became of speckled hew. 

And into legs his armes did turne : and in his altred hide 

A wrigling tayle streight to his limmes was added more beside, 

And to th'intent he should not have much powre to worken scathe, 

His bodie in a little roume togither knit she hathe. 

For as with pretie Lucerts he in facion doth agree: 570 

So than the Lucert somewhat lesse in every poynt is he. 

The poore old woman was amazde : and bitterly she wept : 

She durst not touche the uncouth worme, who into corners crept. 

And of the flecked spottes like starres that on his hide are set 

A name agreeing thereunto in Latine doth he get. > 

It is our Swift whose skinne with gray and yellow specks is fret. J 

What Lands and Seas the Goddesse sought it were too long to saine. 

The worlde did want. And so she went to Sicill backe againe. 
And as in going every where she serched busily, 

She also came to Cyane: who would assuredly 580 

Have tolde hir all things, had shee not transformed bene before. 
But mouth and tongue for uttrance now would serve hir turne no more. 
Howbeit a token manifest she gave hir for to know 
What was become of Proserpine. Hir girdle she did show 
Still hovering on hir holie poole, which slightly from hir fell 
As she that way did passe : and that hir mother knew too well. 
For when she saw it, by and by as though she had but than 
Bene new advertisde of hir chaunce, she piteously began 
To rend hir ruffled haire, and beate hir handes against hir brest. 
As yet she knew not where she was. But yet with rage opprest, 590 

She curst all landes, and said they were unthankfull everychone 
Yea and unworthy of the fruites bestowed them upon. 
But bitterly above the rest she banned Sici/ie, 
In which the mention of hir losse she plainely did espie. 
And therefore there with cruell hand the earing ploughes she brake, 
And man and beast that tilde the ground to death in anger strake. 
She marrde the seede, and eke forbade the fieldes to yeelde their frute. 
The plenteousnesse of that same He of which there went such brute 
Through all the world, lay dead : the corne was killed in the blade : 
Now too much drought, now too much wet did make it for to fade. 600 

The starres and blasting windes did hurt, the hungry foules did eate 
The corne in ground : the Tines and Briars did overgrow the Wheate, 
And other wicked weedes the corne continually annoy, 
Which neyther tylth nor toyle of man was able to destroy. 

q 113 



Then Arethuse floud Alpheys love lifts from hir Elean waves 
Hir head, and shedding to hir eares hir deawy haire that waves 

About hir foreheade sayde : O thou that art the mother deare 

Both of the Maiden sought through all the worlde both far and neare, 

And eke of all the earthly fruites, forbeare thine endlesse toyle, 

And be not wroth without a cause with this thy faithfull soyle. 610 

The Lande deserves no punishment, unwillingly God wote 

She opened to the Ravisher that violently hir smote. 

It is not sure my native soyle for which I thus entreate. 

I am but here a sojourner, my native soyle and seate 

Is Pisa and from Ely towne I fetch my first discent. 

I dwell but as a straunger here, but sure to my intent 

This Countrie likes me better farre than any other land. 

Here now I Arethusa dwell : here am I setled : and 

I humbly you beseche extend your favour to the same. 

A time will one day come when you to mirth may better frame, 620 

And have your heart more free from care, which better serve me may 

To tell you why I from my place so great a space doe stray, 

And unto Ortygie am brought through so great Seas and waves. 

The ground doth give me passage free, and by the lowest caves 

Of all the Earth I make my way, and here I raise my head, 

And looke upon the starres agayne neare out of knowledge fled. 

Now while I underneath the Earth the Lake of Styx did passe, 

I saw your daughter Proserpine with these same eyes. She was 

Not merrie, neyther rid of feare as seemed by hir cheere. 

But yet a Queene, but yet of great God Dis the stately Feere : 630 

But yet of that same droupie Realme the chiefe and sovereigne Peere. 

Hir mother stoode as starke as stone, when she these newes did heare, 
And long she was like one that in another worlde had beene. 

But when hir great amazednesse by greatnesse of hir teene 

Was put aside, she gettes hir to hir Chariot by and by 

And up to Heaven in all post haste immediatly doth stie : 

And there beslowbred all hir face ; hir haire about hir eares, 

To royall Jove in way of plaint this spightfull tale she beares. 

As well for thy bloud as for mine a suter unto thee 

I hither come, if no regard may of the mother bee, 640 

Yet let the childe hir father move, and have not lesser care 

Of hir (I pray) bicause that I hir in my bodie bare. 

Behold our daughter whome I sought so long is found at last : 

If finding you it terme, when of recoverie meanes is past. 

Or if you finding do it call to have a knowledge where 

She is become. Hir ravishment we might consent to beare, 

So restitution might be made. And though there were to me 

No interest in hir at all, yet forasmuche as she 

Is yours, it is unmeete she be bestowde upon a theefe. 

Jove aunswerde thus. My daughter is a Jewell deare and leefe : 650 

A collup of mine owne flesh cut as well as out of thine. 

But if we in our heartes can finde things rightly to define, 

This is not spight, but love. And yet Madame in faith I see 

No cause of such a sonne in law ashamed for to bee, y 

So you contented were therewith. For put the case that hee J 

114 



Were destitute of all things else, how great a matter ist 

Joves brother for to be ? but sure in him is nothing mist, 

Nor he inferior is to me save only that by lot 

The Heavens to me, the Helles to him the destnies did allot. 

But if you have so sore desire your daughter to divorce, 660 

Though she againe to Heaven repayre I doe not greatly force. 

But yet conditionly that she have tasted there no foode : "I 

For so the destnies have decreed. He ceaste : and Ceres stoode > 

Full bent to fetch hir daughter out : but destnies hir withstoode, J 

Bicause the Maide had broke hir fast. For as she hapt one day 

In Pluto 5 Ortyard rechlessely from place to place to stray, 

She gathering from a bowing tree a ripe Pownegarnet, tooke 

Seven kernels out and sucked them. None chaunst hereon to looke, 

Save onely one Ascalaphus whom Orphne erst a Dame 

Among the other Elves of Hell not of the basest fame 670 

Bare to hir husband Acheron within hir duskie den. 

He sawe it, and by blabbing it ungraciously as then, 

Did let hir from returning thence. A grievous sigh the Queene 

Of Hell did fetch, and of that wight that had a witnesse beene 

Against hir made a cursed Birde. Upon his face she shead 

The water of the Phlegeton : and by and by his head 

Was nothing else but Beake and Downe, and mightie glaring eyes. 

Quight altred from himselfe betweene two yellow wings he flies. 

He groweth chiefly into head and hooked talants long, 

And much a doe he hath to flaske his lazie wings among. 680 

The messenger of Morning was he made, a filthie fowle, 

A signe of mischiefe unto men, the sluggish skreching Owle. 

This person for his lavas tongue and telling tales might seeme 
To have deserved punishment. But what should men esteeme 
To be the verie cause why you Acheloes daughters weare 
Both feete and feathers like to Birdes, considering that you beare 
The upper partes of Maidens still ? and commes it so to passe, 
Bicause when Ladie Proserpine a gathering flowers was, 
Ye Meremaides kept hir companie, whome after you had sought 
Through all the Earth in vaine, anon of purpose that your thought 690 

Might also to the Seas be knowen, ye wished that ye might 
Upon the waves with hovering wings at pleasure rule your flight, 
And had the Goddes to your request so pliant, that ye found 
With yellow feathers out of hand your bodies clothed round : 
Yet least that pleasant tune of yours ordeyned to delight 
The hearing, and so high a gift of Musicke perish might 
For want of uttrance, humaine voyce to utter things at will 
And countnance of virginitie remained to you still. 
But meane betweene his brother and his heavie sister goth 

God Jove, and parteth equally the yeare betweene them both ; 700 

And now the Goddesse Proserpine indifferently doth reigne 
Above and underneath the Earth : and so doth she remaine 
One halfe yeare with hir mother and the resdue with hir Feere. 
Immediately she altred is as well in outwarde cheere > 

As inwarde minde, for where hir looke might late before appeere J 

"5 



I 



Sad even to Dis, hir countnance now is full of mirth and grace, 
Even like as Phebus having put the watrie cloudes to chace, 
Doth shew himselfe a Conqueror with bright and shining face. 

Then fruitfull Ceres voide of care in that she did recover 

Hir daughter, prayde thee Arethuse the storie to discover 710 

What caused thee to fleete so farre and wherefore thou became 
A sacred spring, the waters whist. The Goddesse of the same 
Did from the bottome of the Well hir goodly head up reare. 
And having dried with hir hand hir faire greene hanging heare, 
The River Alpheys auncient loves she thus began to tell. 

I was (quoth she) a Nymph of them that in Achaia dwell. 

There was not one that earnester the Lawndes and forests sought, 
Or pitcht hir toyles more handsomly. And though that of my thought 
It was no part, to seeke the fame of beautie : though I were 
All courage : yet the pricke and prise of beautie I did beare. 720 

My overmuch commended face was unto me a spight. 
This gift of bodie in the which another would delight, 
I rudesbye was ashamed off: me thought it was a crime 
To be belikte. I beare it well in minde that on a time 
In comming wearie from the chase of Stymphalus, the heate 
Was fervent, and my travelling had made it twice as great. 
I found a water neyther deepe nor shallow which did glide 
Without all noyse, so calme that scarce the moving might be spide. 
And throughly to the very ground it was so crispe and cleare, 
That every little stone therein did plaine aloft appeare. 730 

The hone Sallowes and the Poplars growing on the brim 
Unset, upon the shoring bankes did cast a shadow trim. 
I entred in, and first of all I deeped but my feete : 
And after to my knees. And not content to wade so fleete, 
I put off all my clothes, and hung them on a Sallow by, 
And threw my selfe amid the streame : which as I dallyingly 
Did beate and draw, and with my selfe a thousand maistries trie, 
In casting of mine armes abrode and swimming wantonly : 
I felt a bubling in the streame I wist not how or what, 
And on the Rivers nearest brim I stept for feare : with that 740 

Arethusa whither runst ? and whither runst thou cride 

Floud Alphey from his waves againe with hollow voyce. I hide > 

Away unclothed as I was. For on the further side J 

My clothes hung still. So much more hote and eger then was he : 

And for I naked was, I seemde the readier for to be. \ 

My running and his fierce pursuite was like as when ye se J 

The sillie Doves with quivering wings before the Gossehauke stie, 

The Gossehauke sweeping after them as fast as he can flie. 

To Orchomen, and Psophy land, and Cyllen I did holde 

Out well, and thence to Menalus and Erymanth the colde, 750 

And so to Ely: all this way no ground of me he wonne. 

But being not so strong as he, this restlesse race to runne 

1 could not long endure, and he could hold it out at length. 
Yet over plaines and wooddie hilles (as long as lasted strength) 

And stones, and rockes, and desert groundes I still maintaind my race. 
The Sunne was full upon my backe. I saw before my face 

116 



A lazie shadow : were it not that feare did make me seete : 

But certenly he feared me with trampling of his feete : 

And of his mouth the boystous breath upon my hairlace blew. 

Forwearied with the toyle of flight : Helpe Diane, I thy true 760 

And trustie Squire (I said) who oft have caried after thee 

Thy bow and arrowes, now am like attached for to bee. 

The Goddesse moved, tooke a cloude of such as scattred were 

And cast upon me. Hidden thus in mistie darkenesse there 

The River poard upon me still and hunted round about 

The hollow cloude, for feare perchaunce I should have scaped out. 

And twice not knowing what to doe he stalkt about the cloude 

Where Diane had me hid, and twice he called out a loude 

Hoe Arethuse, hoe Arethuse, What heart had I poore wretch then ? 

Even such as hath the sillie Lambe that dares not stirre nor quetch when 770 

He heares the howling of the Wolfe about or neare the foldes. 

Or such as hath the squatted Hare that in hir foorme beholdes 

The hunting houndes on every side, and dares not move a whit. 

He would not thence, for why he saw no footing out as yit. 

And therefore watcht he narrowly the cloud and eke the place. 

A chill colde sweat my sieged limmes opprest, and downe a pace 

From all my bodie steaming drops did fall of watrie hew. 

Which way so ere I stird my foote the place was like a stew. 

The deaw ran trickling from my haire. In halfe the while I then 

Was turnde to water, that I now have tolde the tale agen. 780 

His loved waters Alphey knew, and putting off the shape 

Of man the which he tooke before, bicause I should not scape, 

Returned to his proper shape of water by and by, 

Of purpose for to joyne with me and have my companie. 

But Delia brake the ground, at which I sinking into blinde 

Bycorners, up againe my selfe at Ortigie doe winde, 

Right deare to me bicause it doth Dianas surname beare, 

And for bicause to light againe I first was raysed there. 

Thus far did Arethusa speake : and then the fruitfull Dame 

Two Dragons to hir Chariot put, and reyning hard the same, 790 

Midway betweene the Heaven and Earth she in the Ayer went, 

And unto Prince Triptolemus hir lightsome Chariot sent 

To Pallas Citie lode with corne, commaunding him to sowe 

Some part in ground new broken up, and some thereof to strow 

In ground long tillde before. Anon the yong man up did stie 

And flying over Europe and the Realme of Asias hie, 

Alighted in the Scithian land. There reyned in that coast 

A King callde Lyncus, to whose house he entred for to host. 

And being there demaunded how and why he thither came, 

And also of his native soyle and of his proper name, 800 

I hight (quoth he) Triptolemus, and borne was in the towne 

Of Athens in the land of Greece, that place of high renowne. 

I neyther came by Sea nor Lande, but through the open Aire : 

I bring with me Dame Ceres giftes, which being sowne in faire 

And fertile fields may fruitfull Harvests yeelde and finer fare. 

The savage King had spight : and to the thintent that of so rare 

And gracious gifts himselfe might seeme first founder for to be, 

117 



He entertainde him in his house, and when a sleepe was he, 
He came upon him with a sword : but as he would have killde him, 
Dame Ceres turnde him to a Lynx, and waking tother willde him 8 10 

His sacred Teemeware through the Ayre to drive abrode agen. 
The chiefe of us had ended this hir learned song, and then 
The Nymphes with one consent did judge that we the Goddesses 
Of He/icon had wonne the day. But when I sawe that these 
Unnurtred Damsels overcome began to fall a scolding, 
I sayd : so little sith to us you thinke your selves beholding, 
For bearing with your malapertnesse in making chalenge, that 
Besides your former fault, ye eke doe fall to rayling flat, 
Abusing thus our gentlenesse : we will from hence proceede 
The punishment, and of our wrath the rightfull humor feede. 820 

Euippyes daughters grind and jeerde and set our threatnings light. 
But as they were about to prate, and bent their fistes to smight 
Theyr wicked handes with hideous noyse, they saw the stumps of quilles 
New budding at their nayles, and how their armes soft feather hilles. 
Eche saw how others mouth did purse and harden into Bill, 
And so becomming uncouth Birdes to haunt the woods at will. 
For as they would have clapt their handes their wings did up them heave, 
And hanging in the Ayre the scoldes of woods did Pies them leave. 
Now also being turnde to Birdes they are as eloquent 
As ere they were, as chattring still, as much to babling bent. 830 



Finis quinti Libri. 



118 




fTHE SIXT BOOKE 

of Ovids Metamorphosis. 

\RITONIA unto all these wordes attentive hearing bendes, 
\ And both the Muses learned song and rightfull wrath commendes, 
(And thereupon within hir selfe this fancie did arise. 
t It is no matter for to prayse : but let our selfe devise 
> Some thing to be commended for : and let us not permit 
I Our Majestie to be despisde without revenging it. 
'And therewithall she purposed to put the Lydian Maide 
Arachne to hir neckeverse, who (as had to hir bene saide) 
Presumed to prefer hir selfe before hir noble grace 

In making cloth. This Damsell was not famous for the place 10 

In which she dwelt, nor for hir stocke, but for hir Arte. Hir Sier 
Was Idmon one of Colophon a pelting Purple Dier. 
Hir mother was deceast : but she was of the baser sort, 
And egall to hir Make in birth, in living, and in port. 
But though this Maide were meanly borne, and dwelt but in a shed 
At litde Hypep : yet hir trade hir fame abrode did spred 
Even all the Lydian Cities through. To see hir wondrous worke 
The Nymphes that underneath the Vines of shadie Tmolus lurke 
Their Vineyards oftentimes forsooke. So did the Nymphes also 
About Pactolus oftentimes their golden streames forgo. 20 

And evermore it did them good not only for to see 
Hir clothes already made, but while they eke a making bee : > 

Such grace was in hir workmanship. For were it so that shee J 
The newshorne fleeces from the sheepe in bundels deftly makes, 
Or afterward doth kemb the same, and drawes it out in flakes 
Along like cloudes, or on the Rocke doth spinne the handwarpe woofe, 
Or else embroydreth, certenly ye might perceive by proofe 
She was of Pallas bringing up: which thing she nathelesse 
Denyeth, and disdaining such a Mistresse to confesse, 

Let hir contend with me she saide : and if she me amend 30 

I will refuse no punishment the which she shall extend. 

Minerva tooke an olde wives shape and made hir haire seeme gray, 
And with a stafFe hir febled limmes pretended for to stay. 
Which done, she thus began to speake. Not all that age doth bring 
We ought to shonne. Experience doth of long continuance spring. 
Despise not mine admonishment. Seeke fame and chiefe report 
For making cloth, and Arras worke, among the mortall sort : 
But humbly give the Goddesse place : and pardon of hir crave 
For these thine unadvised wordes. I warrant thou shalt have 
Forgivenesse, if thou aske it hir. Arachne bent hir brewes 40 

And lowring on hir, left hir worke : and hardly she eschewes 
From flying in the Ladies face. Hir countnance did bewray 
Hir moodie minde : which bursting forth in words she thus did say. 
Thou commest like a doting foole : thy wit is spent with yeares : 
Thy life hath lasted over long as by thy talke appeares. 
And if thou any daughter have, or any daughtrinlawe, 

119 



I would she heard these wordes of mine : I am not such a Daw, 

But that without thy teaching I can well ynough advise 

My selfe. And least thou shouldest thinke thy words in any wise 

Availe, the selfe same minde I keepe with which I first begonne. 50 

Why commes she not hirselfe I say ? this matche why doth she shonne ? 

Then said the Goddesse : here she is. And therewithall she cast 

Hir oldewives riveled shape away, and shewde hir selfe at last 

Minerva like. The Nymphes did streight adore hir Majestie, 

So did the yong newmaried wives that were of Migdonie. 

The Maiden only unabasht woulde nought at all relent. 

But yet she blusht and sodenly a ruddynesse besprent 

Hir cheekes which wanzd away againe, even like as doth the Skie 

Looke sanguine at the breake of day, and turneth by and by 

To white at rising of the Sunne. As hote as any fire 60 

She sticketh to hir tackling still. And through a fond desire 

Of glorie, to hir owne decay all headlong forth she runnes. 

For Pallas now no lenger warnes, ne now no lenger shunnes 

Ne seekes the chalenge to delay. Immediatly they came 

And tooke their places severally, and in a severall frame 

Eche streynde a web, the warpe whereof was fine. The web was tide 

Upon a Beame. Betweene the warpe a stay of reede did slide. 

The woofe on sharpened pinnes was put betwixt the warp, and wrought 

With fingars. And as oft as they had through the warpe it brought, 

They strake it with a Boxen combe. Both twayne of them made hast, 70 

And girding close for handsomnesse their garments to their wast, 

Bestirde their cunning handes apace. Their earnestnesse was such 

As made them never thinke of paine. They weaved verie much 

Fine Purple that was dide in Tyre, and colours set so trim 

That eche in shadowing other seemde the very same with him. 

Even like as after showres of raine when Phebus broken beames 

Doe strike upon the Cloudes, appeares a compast bow of gleames 

Which bendeth over all the Heaven : wherein although there shine 

A thousand sundry colours, yet the shadowing is so fine, 

That looke men nere so wistly, yet beguileth it their eyes : 80 

So like and even the selfsame thing eche colour seemes to rise 

Whereas they meete, which further off" doe differ more and more. 

Of glittring golde with silken threede was weaved there good store, 

And stories put in portrayture of things done long afore. 

Minerva painted Athens towne and Marsis rocke therein, 
And all the strife betweene hirselfe and Neptune, who should win 
The honor for to give the name to that same noble towne. 
In loftie thrones on eyther side of Jove were settled downe 
Six Peeres of Heaven with countnance grave and full of Majestie, 
And every of them by his face discerned well might be. 90 

The Image of the mightie Jove was Kinglike. She had made 
Neptunus standing striking with his long threetyned blade 
Upon the ragged Rocke : and from the middle of the clift 
She portrayd issuing out a horse, which was the noble gift 
For which he chalengde to himselfe the naming of the towne. 
She picturde out hirselfe with shielde, and Morion on hir crowne, 
With Curet on hir brest, and Speare in hand with sharpened ende. 

120 



She makes the Earth (the which hir Speare doth seeme to strike) to sende 

An Olyf tree with fruite thereon : and that the Gods thereat 

Did wonder: and with victorie she finisht up that plat. ioo 

Yet to thintent examples olde might make it to be knowne 
To hir that for desire of praise so stoutly helde hir owne, 

What guerdon she shoulde hope to have for hir attempt so madde, "1 

Foure like contentions in the foure last corners she did adde. V 

The Thracians Heme and Rodope the formost corner hadde : 

Who being sometime mortall folke usurpt to them the name 

Of Jove and Juno, and were turnde to mountaines for the same. 

A Pigmie womans piteous chaunce the second corner shewde, 

Whome Juno turned to a Crane (bicause she was so lewde 

As for to stand at strife with hir for beautie) charging hir no 

Against hir native countriefolke continuall war to stir. 

The thirde had proude Antigone who durst of pride contende 

In beautie with the wife of Jove: by whome she in the ende 

Was turned to a Storke, no whit availed hir the towne 

Of Troy, or that Laomedon hir father ware a crowne, 

But that she clad in feathers white hir lazie wings must flap 

And with a bobbed Bill bewayle the cause of hir missehap. 

The last had chyldelesse Cinyras : who being turnde to stone, 

Was picturde prostrate on the grounde, and weeping all alone, 

And culling fast betweene his armes a Temples greeces fine 120 

To which his daughters bodies were transformde by wrath divine. 

The utmost borders had a wreath of Olyf round about : 

And this is all the worke the which Minerva portrayd out. 

For with the tree that she hirselfe had made but late afore 

She bounded in hir Arras cloth, and then did worke no more. 
The Lydian maiden in hir web did portray to the full 
How Europe was by royall Jove beguilde in shape of Bull. 

A swimming Bull, a swelling Sea, so lively had she wrought 

That Bull and Sea in very deede ye might them well have thought. 

The Ladie seemed looking backe to landwarde and to crie 130 

Upon hir women, and to feare the water sprinkling hie, 

And shrinking up hir fearfull feete. She portrayd also there 

Asteriee struggling with an Erne which did away hir beare. 

And over Leda she had made a Swan his wings to splay. 

She added also how by Jove in shape of Satyr gaye 

The faire Antiope with a paire of children was besped : 

And how he tooke Amphitrios shape when in Alcmenas bed 

He gate the worthie Hercules: and how he also came 

To Danae like a shoure of golde, to Aegine like a flame, 

A sheepeherd to Mnemosyne, and like a Serpent sly 140 

To Proserpine. She also made Neptunus leaping by 

Upon a Maide of Aeolus race in likenesse of a Bull, 

And in the streame Enipeus shape begetting on a trull 

The Giants Othe and Ephialt, and in the shape of Ram 

Begetting one Theophane Bisalties ympe with Lam, 

And in a lustie Stalions shape she made him covering there 

Dame Ceres with the yellow lockes, and hir whose golden heare 

Was turnde to crawling Snakes : on whome he gate the winged horse. 

r 121 



} 



She made him in a Dolphins shape Melantho to enforce. 

Of all these things she missed not their proper shapes, nor yit 150 

The full and just resemblance of their places for to hit. 

In likenesse of a Countrie cloyne was Phebus picturde there, 

And how he now ware Gossehauke's wings, and now a Lions heare. 

And how he in a shepeherdes shape was practising a wile 

The daughter of one Macarie dame Issa to beguile. 

And how the faire Erygone by chaunce did suffer rape 

By Bacchus who deceyved hir in likenesse of a grape. 

And how that Saturne in the shape of Genet did beget 

The double Chiron. Round about the utmost Verdge was set 

A narrow Trade of pretie floures with leaves of Ivie fret. J 1 60 

Not Pallas, no nor spight it selfe could any quarrell picke 
To this hir worke : and that did touch Minerva to the quicke. 

Who thereupon did rende the cloth in pieces every whit, 

Bicause the lewdnesse of the Gods was biased so in it. 

And with an Arras weavers combe of Box she fiercely smit 

Arachne on the forehead full a dozen times and more. 

The Maide impacient in hir heart, did stomacke this so sore, 

That by and by she hung hirselfe. Howbeit, as she hing, 

Dame Pallas pitying hir estate, did stay hir in the string 

From death, and said lewde Callet live : but hang thou still for mee. 1 70 

And least hereafter from this curse that time may set thee free, 

I will that this same punishment enacted firmely bee, 

As well on thy posteritie for ever as on thee. 

And after when she should depart, with juice of Hecats flowre 

She sprinkled hir : and by and by the poyson had such powre, 

That with the touch thereof hir haire, hir eares, and nose did fade, 

And verie small it both hir heade and all hir bodie made. 

In sted of legs, to both hir sides sticke fingars long and fine : 

The rest is bellie. From the which she nerethelesse dooth twine 

A slender threede, and practiseth in shape of Spider still 180 

The Spinners and the Websters crafts of which she erst had skill. 
All Lydia did repine hereat, and of this deede the fame 
Through Phrygie ran, and through the world was talking of the same. 

Before hir marriage Niobe had knowen hir verie well, 

When yet a Maide in * Meonie and Sipyle she did dwell. * Lydia 

And yet Arachnes punishment at home before hir eyes, 

To use discreeter kinde of talke it could hir not advise, 

Nor (as behoveth) to the Gods to yeelde in humble wise. 

For many things did make hir proud. But neyther did the towne 

The which hir husband builded had, nor houses of renowne 190 

Of which they both descended were, nor yet the puissance 

Of that great Realme wherein they reignde so much hir minde enhaunce 

(Although the liking of them all did greatly hir delight) 

As did the offspring of hir selfe. And certenly she might 

Have bene of mothers counted well most happie, had she not 

So thought hir selfe. For she whome sage Tyresias had begot 

The Prophet Manto through instinct of heavenly power, did say 

These kinde of wordes in open strete. Ye Thebanes go your way 

Apace, and unto Laton and to Latons children pray, 



1 



122 



} 



And offer godly Frankinsence, and wreath your haire with Bay. 200 

Latona by the mouth of me commaundes you so to do. 

The Thebane women by and by obeying thereunto, 

Deckt all their heades with Laurell leaves as Manto did require, 

And praying with devout intent threw incense in the fire. 
Beholde, out commeth Niobe environde with a garde 
Of servaunts and a solemne traine that followed afterward. 

She was hirselfe in raiment made of costly cloth of golde 

Of Phrygia facion verie brave and gorgeous to beholde. 

And of hir selfe she was right faire and beautifull of face, 

But that hir wrathfull stomake then did somewhat staine hir grace. 210 

She moving with hir portly heade hir haire the which as then 

Did hang on both hir shoulders loose, did pawse a while : and when 

Wyth loftie looke hir stately eyes she rolled had about, 

What madnesse is it (quoth she) to prefer the heavenly rout 
Of whome ye doe but heare, to such as daily are in sight ? 

Or why should Laton honored be with Altars ? Never wight 

To my most sacred Majestie did offer incense. Yit 

My Father was that Tantalus whome only as most fit 

The Gods among them at their boordes admitted for to sit. 

A sister of the Pleyades is my mother. Finally 220 

My Graundsire on the mothers side is that same Atlas hie 

That on his shoulders beareth up the heavenly Axeltree. 

Againe my other Graundfather is Jove: and (as you see) 

He also is my Fathrinlawe, wherein I glorie may. 

The Realme of Phrygia here at hand doth unto me obay. 

In Cadmus pallace I thereof the Ladie doe remaine 

And joyntly with my husbande I as peerlesse Princesse reigne 

Both over this same towne whose walles my husbands harpe did frame, 

And also over all the folke and people in the same. 

In what soever corner of my house I cast mine eye, 230 

A worlde of riches and of goods I everywhere espie. 

Moreover for the beautie, shape, and favor growen in me, 

Right well 1 know I doe deserve a Goddesse for to be. 

Besides all this, seven sonnes I have and daughters seven likewise, 

By whome shall shortly sonneinlawes and daughtrinlawes arise. 

Judge you now if that I have cause of statelynesse or no. 

How dare ye then prefer to me Latona that same fro 

The Titan Ceres ympe, to whome then readie downe to lie 

The howgie Earth a little plot to childe on did denie ? 

From Heaven, from Earth, and from the Sea your Goddesse banisht was, 240 

And as an outcast through the world from place to place did passe, 

Untill that Delos pitying hir, sayde thou doste fleete on land 

And I on Sea, and thereupon did lende hir out of hand 

A place unstable. Of two twinnes there brought a bed was she : 

And this is but the seventh part of the issue borne by me. 

Right happie am I : who can this denie ? and shall so still 

Continue : who doth doubt of that ? abundance hath and will 

Preserve me. I am greater than that frowarde fortune may 

Empeache me. For although she shoulde pull many things away, 

Yet should she leave me many more. My state is out of feare. 250 

I2 3 



Of thys my howge and populous race surmise you that it were 

Possible some of them should misse : yet can I never be 

So spoyled, that no mo than two shall tarie styll with me. 

Leave quickly this lewde sacrifice, and put me off this Bay 

That on your heades is wreathed thus. They laide it streight away 

And left their holie rites undone, and closely as they may 

With secret whispring to themselves to Laton they did pray. 

How much from utter barrennesse the Goddesse was : so much 
Disdeind she more : and in the top of Cynthus framed such 

Complaint as this to both hir twinnes. Lo I your mother deare, 260 

Who in my bodie once you twaine with painefull travell beere, 

Lo I whose courage is so stout as for to yeelde to none 

Of all the other Goddesses except Joves wife alone, 

Am lately doubted whether I a Goddesse be or no. 

And if you helpe not children mine, the case now standeth so 

That I the honor must from hence of Altars quight forgo. 

But this is not mine only griefe. Besides hir wicked fact, 

Most railing words hath Niobe to my defacing rackt. 

She durst prefer hir Barnes to you. And as for mee, she naamde 

Me barren in respect of hir, and was no whit ashaamde 270 

To shewe hir fathers wicked tongue which she by birth doth take. 

This said : Latona was about entreatance for to make. 

Cease off (quoth Phebus) long complaint is nothing but delay 

Of punishment : and the selfe same wordes did Phebe also say. 

And by and by they through the Ayre both gliding swiftly downe, 

On Cadmus pallace hid in cloudes did light in Thebe towne. 

A fielde was underneath the wall both levell, large and wide, 
Betrampled every day with horse that man therein did ride, 

Where store of Carres and Horses hoves the cloddes to dust had trode. 

A couple of Amphions sonnes on lustie coursers rode 280 

In this same place. Their horses faire Coperisons did weare 

Of scarlet : and their bridles brave with golde bedecked were. 

Of whome as Niobs eldest sonne Ismenos hapt to bring 

His horse about, and reynd him in to make him keepe the ring. 

He cride alas : and in his brest with that an arrow stacke. 

And by and by hys dying hand did let the bridle slacke. 

And on the right side of the horse he slipped to the ground. 

The second brother Sipylus did chaunce to heare the sound 

Of Quivers clattring in the Ayre, and giving streight the reyne 

And spur togither to his horse, began to flie amayne, 290 

As doth the master of a ship, who when he sees a shoure 

Approching, by some mistie cloud that ginnes to gloome and loure, 

Dooth clap on all his sayles bicause no winde should scape him by 

Though nere so small. Howbeit as he turned for to flie, 

He was not able for to scape the Arrow which did stricke 

Him through the necke. The nocke thereof did shaking upward sticke, 

The head appeared at his throte. And as he forward gave 

Himselfe in flying: so to ground he groveling also drave, 

And toppled by the horses mane and feete amid his race, 

And with his warme neweshedded bloud berayed all the place. 300 

But Phedimus, and Tantalus the heier of the name 

124 



Of Tantalus his Graundfather, who customably came 

From other dailie exercise to wrestling, had begun 

To close, and eache at other now with brest to brest to run, 

"When Phebus Arrow being sent with force from streyned string 

Did strike through both of them as they did fast togither cling. 

And so they sighed both at once, and both at once for paine 

Fell downe to ground, and both of them at once their eyes did streine 

To see their latest light, and both at once their ghostes did yeelde. 

Alphenor this mischaunce of theirs with heavie hart behelde, 310 

And scracht and beate his wofull brest : and therewith flying out 

To take them up betweene his armes, was as he went about 

This worke of kindly pitie, killde. For Phebus with a Dart 

Of deadly dint did rive him through the Bulke and brake his hart. 

And when the steale was plucked out, a percell of his liver 

Did hang upon the hooked heade : and so he did deliver 

His life and bloud into the Ayre departing both togither. 

But Damaskthon (on whose heade came never sizzer) felt 

Mo woundes than one. It was his chaunce to have a grievous pelt 

Upon the verie place at which the leg is first begun, 320 

And where the hamstrings by the joynt with supple sinewes run. 

And while to draw this arrow out he with his hand assaide, 

Another through his wezant went, and at the feathers staide. 

The bloud did drive out this againe, and spinning high did spout 

A great way off, and pierst the Ayre with sprinkling all about, 

The last of all Ilionie with stretched handes, and speche 

Most humble (but in vaine) did say, O Gods I you beseche 

Of mercie all in generall. He wist not what he saide 

Ne how that unto all of them he ought not to have praide. 

The God that helde the Bow in hande was moved: but as then 330 

The Arrow was alredie gone so farre, that backe agen 

He could not call it. Nerethelesse the wound was verie small 

Of which he dide, for why his heart it did but lightly gall. 

The rumor of the mischiefe selfe, and mone of people, and 
The weeping of hir servants gave the mother t'understand 
The sodaine stroke of this mischaunce. She wondred verie much 
And stormed also that the Gods were able to doe such 
A deede, or durst attempt it, yea she thought it more than right 
That any of them over hir shoulde have so mickle might. 

Amphion had fordone himselfe alreadie with a knife, 340 

And ended all his sorrowes quite togither with his life. 
Alas, alas how greatly doth this Niobe differ here, 
From tother Niobe who a late disdaining any Pere, 
Did from Latonas Altars drive hir folke, and through the towne 
With haultie looke and stately gate went pranking up and downe, 
Then spighted at among hir owne, but piteous now to those 
That heretofore for hir deserts had bene hir greatest foes. 
She falleth on the corses colde, and taking no regard, 
Bestowde hir kysses on hir sonnes as whome she afterwarde 
Did know she never more shoulde kisse. From whome she lifting thoe "j 350 
Hir blew and broosed armes to heaven sayd : O thou cruell foe > 

Latona, feede, yea feede thy selfe I say upon my woe J 

125 



And overgorge thy stomacke, yea and glut thy cruell hart 
With these my present painefull pangs of bitter griping smart. 
In corses seven I seven times deade am caried to my grave : 
Rejoyce thou foe and triumph now in that thou seemste to have 
The upper hande. What ? upper hand ? no no it is not so. 
As wretched as my case doth seeme, yet have I left me mo 
Then thou for all thy happinesse canst of thine owne account : 
Even after all these corses yet I still doo thee surmount. 360 

Upon the ende of these same wordes the twanging of the string 
In letting of the Arrow flie was clearly heard: which thing 
Made every one save Niobe afraide. Hir heart was so 
With sorrowe hardned, that she grew more bolde. Hir daughters tho 
Were standing all with mourning weede and hanging haire before 
Their brothers coffins. One of them in pulling from the sore 
An Arrow sticking in his heart, sanke downe upon hir brother 
With mouth to mouth, and so did yeelde hir fleeting ghost. Another 
In comforting the wretched case and sorrow of hir mother 

Upon the sodaine helde hir peace. She stricken was within 370 

With double wound : which caused hir hir talking for to blin 
And shut hir mouth : But first hir ghost was gone. One all in vaine 
Attempting for to scape by flight was in hir flying slaine. 
Another on hir sisters corse doth tumble downe starke dead. 
This quakes and trembles piteously, and she doth hide hir head. 
And when that sixe with sundrye wounds dispatched were and gone, 
At last as yet remained one : and for to save that one, 
Hir mother with hir bodie whole did cling about hir fast, 
And wrying hir did over hir hir garments wholy cast : 

And cried out: O leave me one: this little one yet save: 380 

Of many but this only one the least of all I crave. 

But while she prayd, for whome she prayd was kild. Then downe she sate 
Bereft of all hir children quite, and drawing to hir fate, 
Among hir daughters and hir sonnes and husband newly dead. 
Hir cheekes waxt hard, the Ayre could stirre no haire upon hir head. 
The colour of hir face was dim and cleerly voide of blood, 
And sadly under open lids hir eyes unmoved stood. 
In all hir bodie was no life. For even hir verie tung 
And palat of hir mouth was hard, and eche to other clung. 
Hir Pulses ceased for to beate, hir necke did cease to bow, 390 

Hir armes to stir, hir feete to go, all powre forwent as now, 
And into stone hir very wombe and bowels also bind. 
But yet she wept : and being hoyst by force of whirling wind, 
Was carried into PArygie. There upon a mountaines top 
She weepeth still in stone : from stone the drerie teares do drop. 
Then all both men and women fearde Latonaas open ire, 
And far with greater sumptuousnesse and earnester desire 
Did worship the great majestie of this their Goddesse, who 
Did beare at once both Phebus and his sister Phebe to. > 

And through occasion of this chaunce, (as men are wont to do J 400 

In cases like) the people fell to telling things of old 
Of whome a man among the rest this tale ensuing told. 

126 



The auncient follce that in the fieldes of fruitfull Lycia dwelt 
Due penance also for their spight to this same Goddesse felt. 

The basenesse of the parties makes the thing it selfe obscure. 

Yet is the matter wonderfull. My selfe I you assure 

Did presently beholde the Pond, and saw the very place 

In which this wondrous thing was done. My father then in case, 

Not able for to travell well by reason of his age, 

To fetch home certaine Oxen thence made me to be his page, 410 

Appointing me a countryman of Lycia to my guide. 

With whome as I went plodding in the pasture groundes, I spide 

Amids a certaine Pond an olde square Aultar coloured blacke 

With cinder of the sacrifice that still upon it stacke. 

About it round grew wavering Reedes. My guide anon did stay : 

And softly, O be good to me, he in himselfe did say. 

And I with like soft whispering did say be good to mee. 

And then I askt him whether that the Altar wee did see 

Belonged to the Waternymphes, or Faunes, or other God 

Peculiar to the place it selfe upon the which we yod. 420 

He made me aunswere thus. My guest no God of countrie race 

Is on this Altar worshipped. That Goddesse claymes this place 

From whome the wife of mightie Jove did all the world forfend, 

When wandring resdesse here and there full hardly in the end 

Unseded Delos did receyve then floting on the wave, 

As tide and weather to and fro the swimming Hand drave. 

There maugre Juno (who with might and main against hir strave) 

Latona staying by a Date and Olyf tree that sted 

In travell, of a paire of twinnes was safely brought a bed. 

And after hir delivrance, folke report that she for feare 430 

Of Junos wrath did flie from hence, and in hir armes did beare 

Hir babes which afterwarde became two Gods. In which hir travell 

In Sommer when the scorching Sunne is wont to burne the gravell 

Of Lycie countrie where the fell Chymera hath his place, 

The Goddesse wearie with the long continuance of hir race, 

Waxt thirstie by the meanes of drought with going in the Sunne. 

Hir babes had also suckt hir brestes as long as milke wold runne. 

By chaunce she spide this little Pond of water here bylow. 

And countrie Carles were gathering there these Oysyer twigs that grow 

So thicke upon a shrubbie stalke, and of these rushes greene, 440 

And flags that in these moorish plots so rife of growing beene. 

She comming hither kneeled downe the water up to take 

To coole hir thirst. The churlish cloynes forfended hir the Lake. 

Then gendy said the Goddesse : Sirs why doe you me forfend 

The water ? Nature doth to all in common water send. 

For neither Sunne, nor Ayre, nor yet the Water private bee : 

I seeke but that which natures gift hath made to all thinges free, > 

And yet I humbly crave of you to graunt it unto mee. J 

I did not go about to wash my werie limmes and skin, 

I would but only quench my thirst. My throte is scalt within 450 

For want of moysture, and my chappes and lippes are parching drie, 

And scarsly is there way for wordes to issue out thereby. 

A draught of water will to me be heavenly Nectar now, 

127 



And sure I will confesse I have received life of you. 

Yea in your giving of a drop of water unto mee, 

The case so standeth as you shall preserve the lives of three. 

Alas let these same sillie soules that in my bosome stretch 

Their little armes (by chaunce hir babes their pretie dolles did retch) 

To pitie move you. What is he so hard that would not yeeld 

To this the gentle Goddesses entreatance meeke and meeld ? 460 

Yet they for all the humble wordes she could devise to say, 

Continued in their willfull moode of churlish saying nay, > 

And threatned for to sende hir thence onlesse she went away, J 

Reviling hir most spightfully. And not contented so, 

"With handes and feete the standing Poole they troubled to and fro, 

Untill with trampling up and downe maliciously, the soft 

And slimie mud that lay beneath was raised up aloft. 

With that the Goddesse was so wroth that thirst was quight forgot, 

And unto such unworthie Carles hirselfe she humbleth not, 

Ne speaketh meaner wordes than might beseeme a Goddesse well. 470 

But holding up hir handes to heaven : for ever mought you dwell 

In this same Pond, she said. Hir wish did take effect with speede : 

For underneath the water they delight to be in deede. 

Now dive they to the bottome downe, now up their heades they pop, 

Another while with sprawling legs they swim upon the top. 

And oftentimes upon the bankes they have a mind to stond, 

And oftentimes from thence againe to leape into the Pond. 

And there they now doe practise still their filthy tongues to scold. 

And shamelessely (though underneath the water) they doe hold V 

Their former wont of brawling still amid the water cold. J 480 

Their voices stil are hoarse and harsh, their throtes have puffed goawles, 

Their chappes with brawling widened are, their hammer headed Joawles 

Are joyned to their shoulders just, the neckes of them doe seeme 

Cut off, the ridgebone of their backe stickes up of colour greene. 

Their paunch which is the greatest part of all their trunch is gray, 

And so they up and downe the Pond made newly Frogges doe play. 

When one of Lyce (I wote not who) had spoken in this sort, 

Another of a Satyr streight began to make report, 
Whome Phebus overcomming on a pipe (made late ago 

By Pallas) put to punishment. Why fleaest thou me so, 490 

Alas he cride it irketh me. Alas a sorie pipe 
Deserveth not so cruelly my skin from me to stripe. 
For all his crying ore his eares quight pulled was his skin. 
Nought else he was than one whole wounde. The griesly bloud did spin 
From every part, the sinewes lay discovered to the eye, 
The quivering veynes without a skin lay beating nakedly. 
The panting bowels in his bulke ye might have numbred well, 
And in his brest the shere small strings a man might easly tell. 
The Country Faunes, the Gods of Woods, the Satyrs of his kin, 
The Mount Olympus whose renowne did ere that time begin, 500 

And all the Nymphes, and all that in those mountaines kept their sheepe, 
Or grazed cattell thereabouts, did for this Satyr weepe. 
The fruitfull earth waxt moyst therewith, and moysted did receyve 
Their teares, and in hir bowels deepe did of the same conceyve. 

128 



And when that she had turned them to water, by and by 

She sent them forth againe aloft to see the open Side. 

The River that doth rise thereof beginning there his race, 

In verie deepe and shoring bankes to Seaward runnes a pace 

Through Phrygie, and according as the Satyr, so the streame 

Is called Marsias, of the brookes the cleerest in that Realme. 510 

With such examples as these same the common folke returnde 
To present things, and every man through all the Citie moornde 

For that Amphion was destroyde with all his issue so. 

But all the fault and blame was laide upon the mother tho. 

For hir alonly Pelops mournde (as men report) and hee 

In opening of his clothes did shewe that everie man might see > 

His shoulder on the left side bare of Ivorie for to bee. 

This shoulder at his birth was like his tother both in hue 

And flesh, untill his fathers handes most wickedly him slue, 

And that the Gods when they his limmes againe togither drue, 520 

To joyne them in their proper place and forme by nature due, 

Did finde out all the other partes, save only that which grue 

Betweene the throteboll and the arme, which when they could not get, 

This other made of Ivorie white in place thereof they set, 

And by that meanes was Pelops made againe both whole and sound. 
The neyghbor Princes thither came, and all the Cities round 
About besought their Kings to go and comfort Thebe: as Arge 

And Sparta, and Mycene which was under Pelops charge. 

And Calydon unhated of the frowning Phebe yit, 

The welthie towne Orchomenos, and Corinth which in it 530 

Had famous men for workmanship in mettals : and the stout 

Messene which full twentie yeares did hold besiegers out. 

And Patre, and the lowly towne Cleona, Nelies Pyle, 

And Troyzen not surnamed yet Pittheia for a while. 

And all the other Borough townes and Cities which doe stand 

Within the narrow balke at which two Seas doe meete at hand, > 

Or which do bound upon the balke without in maine firme land. J 

Alonly Athens (who would thinke ?) did neither come nor send : 

Warre barred them from courtesie the which they did entend. 

The King of Pontus with an host of savage people lay 540 

In siege before their famous walles and curstly did them fray. 

Untill that Tereus King of Thrace approching to their ayde, 

Did vanquish him, and with renowne was for his labor payde. 

And sith he was so puissant in men and ready coyne, 

And came of mightie Marsis race, Pandion sought to joyne 

Aliance with him by and by, and gave him to his Feere 

His daughter Progne. At this match (as after will appeare) 

Was neyther Juno, President of mariage wont to bee, 

Nor Hymen, no nor any one of all the graces three. 

The Furies snatching Tapers up that on some Herce did stande 550 

Did light them, and before the Bride did beare them in their hande. 

The Furies made the Bridegroomes bed. And on the house did rucke 

A cursed Owle the messenger of yll successe and lucke. 

And all the night time while that they were lying in their beds, 

She sate upon the bedsteds top right over both their heds. 

s 129 



Such handsell Progne had the day that Tereus did hir wed : 

Such handsell had they when that she was brought of childe a bed. 

All Thracia did rejoyce at them, and thanlct their Gods, and wild 

That both the day of Prognes match with Tereus should be hild 

For feastfull, and the day likewise that Itys first was borne: 560 

So little know we what behoves. The Sunne had now outworne 

Five Harvests, and by course five times had runne his yearly race, 

When Progne flattring Tereus saide : If any love or grace 

Betweene us be, send eyther me my sister for to see, 

Or finde the meanes that hither she may come to visit mee. 

You may assure your Fathrinlaw she shall againe returne 

Within a while. Ye doe to me the highest great good turne 

That can be, if you bring to passe I may my sister see. 

Immediately the King commaundes his shippes a flote to bee. 

And shortly after, what with sayle and what with force of Ores, 570 

In Athens haven he arrives and landes at Pyrey shores. 

Assoone as of his fathrinlaw the presence he obtainde, 

And had of him bene courteously and friendly entertainde, 

Unhappie handsell entred with their talking first togither. 

The errandes of his wife the cause of his then comming thither 

He had but new begon to tell, and promised that when 

She had hir sister seene, she should with speede be sent agen : 

When (see the chaunce) came Philomele in raiment very rich, 

And yet in beautie farre more rich, even like the Fairies which 

Reported are the pleasant woods and water springs to haunt, 580 

So that the like apparell and attire to them you graunt. 

King Tereus at the sight of hir did burne in his desire, 

As if a man should chaunce to set a gulfe of corne on fire, 

Or burne a stacke of hay. Hir face in deede deserved love. 

But as for him, to fleshy lust even nature him did move. 

For of those countries commonly the people are above 

All measure prone to lecherie. And therefore both by kinde 

His flame encreast, and by his owne default of vicious minde. 

He purposde fully to corrupt hir servants with reward : 

Or for to bribe hir Nurce, that she should slenderly regard 590 

Hir dutie to hir mistresseward. And rather then to fayle, 

The Ladie even hirselfe with giftes he minded to assayle, 

And all his kingdome for to spend : or else by force of hand 

To take hir, and in maintenance thereof by sword to stand. 

There was not under heaven the thing but that he durst it prove, 

So far unable was he now to stay his lawlesse love. 

Delay was deadly : Backe againe with greedie minde he came, 

Of Prognes errands for to talke : and underneath the same 

He workes his owne ungraciousnesse. Love gave him power to frame 

His talke at will. As oft as he demaunded out of square, 600 

Upon his wives importunate desire himselfe he bare. 

He also wept : as though his wife had willed that likewise. 

O God, what blindnesse doth the heartes of mortall men disguise ? 

By working mischiefe Tereus gets him credit for to seeme 

A loving man, and winneth praise by wickednesse extreeme. 

Yea and the foolish Philomele the selfe same thing desires. 

130 



} 



} 



"Who hanging on hir fathers necke with flattring armes, requires 
Against hir life and for hir life his licence for to go 
To see hir sister. Tereus beholdes hir wistly tho, 

And in beholding handles hir with heart. For when he saw 610 

Hir kisse hir father, and about his necke hir armes to draw, 
They all were spurres to pricke him forth, and wood to feede his fire, 
And foode of forcing nourishment to further his desire. 
As oft as she hir father did betweene hir armes embrace, "] 

So often wished he himselfe hir father in that case. K 

For nought at all should that in him have wrought the greater grace. 
Hir father could not say them nay they lay at him so sore. 
Right glad thereof was Philomele and thanked him therefore. 
And wretched wench she thinkes she had obtained such a thing, 
As both to Progne and hir selfe should joy and comfort bring, 620 

When both of them in verie deede should afterward it rew. 
To endward of his daily race and travell Phebus drew, \ 

And on the shoring side of Heaven his horses downeward flew. 
A princely supper was prepaarde, and wine in golde was set : 
And after meate to take their rest the Princes did them get. 
But though the King of Thrace that while were absent from hir sight, 
Yet swelted he : and in his minde revolving all the night 
Hir face, hir gesture, and hir hands, imaginde all the rest 
(The which as yet he had not seene) as likte his fancie best. 
He feedes his flames himselfe. No winke could come within his eyes, 630 

For thinking ay on hir. Assoone as day was in the skies, 
Pandion holding in his hand the hand of Tereus prest 
To go his way, and sheading teares betooke him thus his guest. 
Deare sonneinlaw I give thee here (sith godly cause constraines) 
This Damsell. By the faith that in thy Princely hart remaines, 
And for our late aliance sake, and by the Gods above, 
I humbly thee beseche, that as a Father thou doe love 
And maintaine hir, and that as soone as may be (all delay 
Will unto me seeme over long) thou let hir come away > 

The comfort of my carefull age on whome my life doth stay. J 640 

And thou my daughter Philomele (it is inough ywis 
That from hir father set so farre thy sister Progne is) 
If any sparke of nature doe within thy heart remayne, 
With all the haast and speede thou canst returne to me againe. \ 

In giving charge he kissed hir : and downe his cheekes did raine J 

The tender teares : and as a pledge of faith he tooke the right 
Handes of them both, and joyning them did eche to other plight, 
Desiring them to beare in minde his commendations to 
His daughter and hir little sonne. And then with much a doe 
For sobbing, at the last he bad adew as one dismaid : 650 

The foremisgiving of his minde did make him sore afraid. 
Assoone as Tereus and the Maide togither were a boord, 
And that their ship from land with Ores was haled on the foord, 
The fielde is ours he cride aloude, I have the thing I sought 
And up he skipt, so barbrous and so beastly was his thought, > 

That scarce even there he could forbeare his pleasure to have wrought. J 
His eye went never off of hir : as when the scarefull Erne 

131 



} 



With hooked talants trussing up a Hare among the Feme, 
Hath laid hir in his nest, from whence the prisoner can not scape : 
The ravening fowle with greedie eyes upon his pray doth gape. 660 

Now was their journey come to ende : now were they gone a land 
In TAracia, when that Tereus tooke the Ladie by the hand, 
And led hir to a pelting graunge that peakishly did stand 
In woods forgrowen. There waxing pale and trembling sore for feare, 
And dreading all things, and with teares demaunding sadly where 
Hir sister was, he shet hir up : and therewithall bewraide 
His wicked lust, and so by force bicause she was a Maide 
And all alone he vanquisht hir. It booted nought at all 
That she on sister, or on Sire, or on the Gods did call. 

She quaketh like the wounded Lambe which from the Wolves hore teeth 670 
New shaken, thinkes hir selfe not safe : or as the Dove that seeth 
Hir fethers with hir owne bloud staynde, who shuddring still doth feare 
The greedie Hauke that did hir late with griping talants teare. 
Anon when that this mazednesse was somewhat overpast, 
She rent hir haire, and beate hir brest, and up to heavenward cast 
Hir hands in mourningwise, and said : O cankerd Carle, O fell 
And cruell Tyrant, neyther could the godly teares that fell 
A downe my fathers cheekes when he did give thee charge of mee, 
Ne of my sister that regarde that ought to be in thee, 

Nor yet my chaast virginitie, nor conscience of the lawe 680 

Of wedlocke, from this villanie thy barbrous heart withdraw ? 
Beholde thou hast confounded all. My sister thorough mee 
Is made a Cucqueane : and thy selfe through this offence of thee 
Art made a husband to us both, and unto me a foe, 
A just deserved punishment for lewdly doing so. 
But to thintent O perjurde wretch no mischiefs may remaine 
Unwrought by thee, why doest thou from murdring me refraine ? 
Would God thou had it done before this wicked rape. From hence 
Then should my soule most blessedly have gone without offence. 
But if the Gods doe see this deede, and if the Gods I say 690 

Be ought, and in this wicked worlde beare any kinde of sway, 
And if with me all other things decay not, sure the day 
Will come that for this wickednesse full dearly thou shalt pay. 
Yea I my selfe rejecting shame thy doings will bewray. 
And if I may have power to come abrode, them blase I will 
In open face of all the world : or if thou keepe me still > 

As prisoner in these woods, my voyce the verie woods shall fill, J 

And make the stones to understand. Let Heaven to this give eare 
And all the Gods and powers therein if any God be there. > 

The cruell tyrant being chaaft, and also put in feare J 700 

With these and other such hir wordes both causes so him stung, 
That drawing out his naked sworde that at his girdle hung, 
He tooke hir rudely by the haire, and wrung hir hands behind hir, 
Compelling hir to holde them there while he himselfe did binde hir. 
When Philomela sawe the sworde she hoapt she should have dide, 
And for the same hir naked throte she gladly did provide. 
But as she yirnde and called ay upon hir fathers name, 
And strived to have spoken still, the cruell tyrant came, 

132 



And with a paire of pinsons fast did catch hir by the tung, 

And with his sword did cut it off. The stumpe whereon it hung 710 

Did patter still. The tip fell downe, and quivering on the ground 
As though that it had murmured it made a certaine sound, 
And as an Adders tayle cut off doth skip a while : even so "J 

The tip of Philomelaas tongue did wriggle to and fro, I 

And nearer to hir mistresseward in dying still did go. 
And after this most cruell act, for certaine men report 
That he (I scarcely dare beleve) did oftentimes resort 
To maymed Philomela and abusde hir at his will. 
Yet after all this wickednesse he keeping countnance still, 

Durst unto Progne home repaire. And she immediatly 720 

Demaunded where hir sister was. He sighing feynedly 
Did tell hir falsly she was dead : and with his suttle teares *) 

He maketh all his tale to seeme of credit in hir eares. \ 

Hir garments glittring all with golde she from hir shoulders teares 
And puts on blacke, and setteth up an emptie Herce, and keepes 
A solemne obite for hir soule, and piteously she weepes 
And waileth for hir sisters fate who was not in such wise 
As that was, for to be bewailde. The Sunne had in the Skies 
Past through the twelve celestiall signes, and finisht full a yeare. 
But what should Philomela doe ? She watched was so neare 730 

That start she could not for hir life, the walles of that same graunge 
Were made so high of maine hard stone, that out she could not raunge. 
Againe hir tunglesse mouth did want the utterance of the fact. 
Great is the wit of pensivenesse, and when the head is ract 
With hard misfortune, sharpe forecast of practise entereth in. 
A warpe of white upon a frame of Thracia she did pin, 
And weaved purple letters in betweene it, which bewraide 
The wicked deede of Tereus. And having done, she praide 
A certaine woman by hir signes to beare them to hir mistresse. 
She bare them and delivered them not knowing nerethelesse 740 

What was in them. The Tyrants wife unfolded all the clout, 
And of hir wretched fortune red the processe whole throughout. 
She held hir peace (a wondrous thing it is she should so doe) 
But sorrow tide hir tongue, and wordes agreeable unto 
Hir great displeasure were not at commaundment at that stound, 
And weepe she could not. Ryght and wrong she reckeneth to confound, > 
And on revengement of the deede hir heart doth wholy ground. J 

It was the time that wives of Thrace were wont to celebrate 
The three yeare rites of Bacchus which were done a nighttimes late. 
A nighttimes soundeth Rhodope of tincling pannes and pots: 750 

A nighttimes giving up hir house, abrode Queene Progne trots, 
Disguisde like Bacchus other froes, and armed to the proofe 
With all the frenticke furniture that serves for that behoofe. 
Hir head was covered with a vine. About hir loose was tuckt 
A Reddeeres skin, a lightsome Launce upon hir shoulder ruckt. 
In poast gaddes terrible Progne through the woods, and at hir heeles 
A flocke of froes : and where the sting of sorrow which she feeles 
Enforceth hir to furiousnesse, she feynes it to proceede 
Of Bacchus motion. At the length she finding out in deede 

133 



The outset Graunge, howlde out, and cride now well, and open brake 760 

The gates, and streight hir sister thence by force of hand did take, 

And veyling hir in like attire of Bacchus hid hir head 

With Ivie leaves, and home to Court hir sore amazed led. 
Assoone as Philomela wist she set hir foote within 
That cursed house, the wretched soule to shudther did begin, 

And all hir face waxt pale. Anon hir sister getting place 

Did pull off Bacchus mad attire, and making bare hir face 

Embraced hir betweene hir armes. But she considering that 

Qyeene Progne was a Cucqueane made by meanes of hir, durst nat 

Once raise hir eyes : but on the ground fast fixed helde the same. 770 

And where she woulde have taken God to witnesse that the shame 

And villanie was wrought to hir by violence, she was fayne 

To use hir hand instead of speache. Then Progne chaaft a maine > 

And was not able in hir selfe hir choler to restraine, J 

But blaming Philomela for hir weeping, said these wordes. 

Thou must not deale in this behalfe with weeping, but with swordes, 

Or with some thing of greater force than swords. For my part, I 

Am readie, yea and fully bent all mischiefe for to trie. 

This pallace will I eyther set on fire, and in the same 

Bestow the cursed Tereus the worker of our shame : 780 

Or pull away his tongue : or put out both his eyes : or cut 

Away those members which have thee to such dishonor put : 

Or with a thousand woundes expulse that sinfull soule of his. 

The thing that I doe purpose on, is great what ere it is. 

I know not what it may be yet. While Progne hereunto 

Did set hir minde, came Itys in, who taught hir what to doe. 

She staring on him cruelly, said. Ah, how like thou art 

Thy wicked father, and without moe wordes a sorrowfull part > 

She purposed, such inward ire was boyling in hir heart. J 

But notwithstanding when hir sonne approched to hir neare, 790 

And lovingly had greeted hir by name of mother deare, 

And with his pretie armes about the necke had hugde hir fast, 

And flattring wordes with childish toyes in kissing forth had cast : 

The mothers heart of hirs was then constreyned to relent, 

Asswaged wholy was the rage to which she erst was bent, 

And from hir eyes against hir will the teares enforced went. 

But when she saw how pitie did compell hir heart to yeelde, 

She turned to hir sisters face from Itys, and behelde 

Now tone, now tother earnestly and said, why tatdes he, 

And she sittes dumbe bereft of tongue? as well why calles not she 800 

Me sister, as this boy doth call me mother ? Seest thou not 

Thou daughter of Pandion what a husband thou hast got ? 

Thou growest wholy out of kinde. To such a husband as 

Is Tereus, pitie is a sinne. No more delay there was. 

She dragged Itys after hir as when it happes in Inde 

A Tyger gets a little Calfe that suckes upon a Hynde, 

And drags him through the shadie woods. And when that they had found 

A place within the house far off and far above the ground, 

Then Progne strake him with a sword now plainly seeing whother 

He should, and holding up his handes, and crying mother, mother, 8 10 

J 34 



1 



And flying to hir necke : even where the brest and side doe bounde, 
And never turnde away hir face. Inough had bene that wound 
Alone to bring him to his ende. The tother sister slit 
His throte. And while some life and soule was in his members yit, 
In gobbits they them rent: whereof were some in Pipkins boyld, ] 
And other some on hissing spits against the fire were broyld : > 

And with the gellied bloud of him was all the chamber foyld. 

To this same banket Progne bade hir husband, knowing nought, 
Nor nought mistrusting of the harme and lewdnesse she had wrought. 
And feyning a solemnitie according to the guise 820 

Of Athens, at the which there might be none in any wise 
Besides hir husband and hir selfe, she banisht from the same 
Hir householde folke and sojourners, and such as guestwise came. 
King Tereus sitting in the throne of his forefathers, fed 
And swallowed downe the selfe same flesh that of his bowels bred. 
And he (so blinded was his heart) fetch Itys hither, sed. 
No lenger hir most cruell joy dissemble could the Queene, 
But of hir murther coveting the messenger to beene, 
She said : the thing thou askest for, thou hast within. About 
He looked round, and asked where? To put him out of dout, > 830 

As he was yet demaunding where, and calling for him : out J 

Lept Philomele with scattred haire aflaight like one that fled 
Had from some fray where slaughter was, and threw the bloudy head 
Of Itys in his fathers face. And never more was shee 
Desirous to have had hir speache, that able she might be > 

Hir inward joy with worthie wordes to witnesse franke and free. J 
The tyrant with a hideous noyse away the table shoves, 

And reeres the fiends from Hell. One while with yauning mouth he roves 
To perbrake up his meate againe, and cast his bowels out. 

Another while with wringing handes he weeping goes about. 840 

And of his sonne he termes himselfe the wretched grave. Anon 
With naked sword and furious heart he followeth fierce upon 
Pandions daughters. He that had bin present would have deemde 
Their bodies to have hovered up with fethers. As they seemde, 
So hovered they with wings in deede. Of whome the one away 
To woodward flies, the other still about the house doth stay. 
And of their murther from their brestes not yet the token goth, 
For even still yet are stainde with bloud the fethers of them both. 
And he through sorrow and desire of vengeance waxing wight, 
Became a Bird upon whose top a tuft of feathers light > 850 

In likenesse of a Helmets crest doth trimly stand upright. J 

In stead of his long sword, his bill shootes out a passing space : 
A Lapwing named is this Bird, all armed seemes his face. 

The sorrow of this great mischaunce did stop Pandions breath 
Before his time, and long ere age determinde had his death. 
Erecthey reigning after him the government did take : 
A Prince of such a worthinesse as no man well can make 
Resolution, if he more in armes or justice did excell. 
Foure sonnes, and daughters foure he had. Of which a couple well 
Did eche in beautie other match. The one of these whose name 860 

Was Procris unto Cephalus King Aeolus sonne became 

135 



A happie wife. The Thracians and King Tereus were a let 
To Boreas: so that long it was before the God could get 
His dearbeloved Orithya, while trifling he did stand 
With fiure entreatance rather than did use the force of hand. 
But when he saw he no reliefe by gentle meanes could finde, 
Then turning unto boystous wrath (which unto that same winde S- 
Is too familiar and too much accustomed by kinde) J 

He said : I served am but well : for why laid I a part 

My proper weapons, fiercenesse, force, and ire, and cruell hart ? 870 

And fell to fauning like a foole, which did me but disgrace ? 
For me is violence meete. Through this the pestred cloudes I chace. 
Through this I tosse the Seas. Through this I turne up knottie Okes, 
And harden Snow, and beate the ground in hayle with sturdie strokes. 
When I my brothers chaunce to get in open Ayre and Skie, 
(For that is my fielde in the which my maisteries I doe trie) 
I charge upon them with some brunt, that of our meeting smart 
The Heaven betweene us soundes, and from the hollow Cloudes doth start 
Enforced fire. And when I come in holes of hollow ground, 
And fiersely in those empty caves do rouse my backe up round, 880 

I trouble even the ghostes, and make the verie world to quake. 
This helpe in wooing of my wife (to speede) I should have take, 
Erecthey should not have bene prayde my Fatherinlaw to be : 
He should have bene compelde thereto by stout extremitie. 
In speaking these or other wordes as sturdie, Boreas gan 
To flaske his wings. With waving of the which he raysed than 
So great a gale, that all the earth was blasted therewithall, 
And troubled was the maine brode Sea. And as he traylde his pall 
Bedusted over highest tops of things, he swept the ground, 
And having now in smokie cloudes himselfe enclosed round, 890 

Betweene his duskie wings he caught Orithya straught for feare, 
And like a lover, verie soft and easly did hir beare. 
And as he flew, the flames of love enkindled more and more 
By meanes of stirring. Neither did he stay his flight before 
He came within the land and towne of Cicons with his pray. 
And there soone after being made his wife, she hapt to lay 
Hir belly, and a paire of boyes she at a burthen brings, 
Who else in all resembled full their mother, save in wings 
The which they of their father tooke. Howbeit (by report) 
They were not borne with wings upon their bodies in this sort. 900 

While Calais and Zetes had no beard upon their chin, 
They both were callow. But assoone as haire did once begin 
In likenesse of a yellow Downe upon their cheekes to sprout, 
Then (even as comes to passe in Birdes) the feathers budded out > 
Togither on their pinyons too, and spreaded round about J 

On both their sides. And finally when childhod once was spent 
And youth come on, togither they with other Minyes went 
To Colchos in the Galley that was first devisde in Greece, 
Upon a sea as then unknowen, to fetch the golden fleece. 



Finis sexti Libri. 
136 




THE SEVENTH BOOKE 

of Ovids Metamorphosis. 

jND now in ship of Pagasa the Mynies cut the seas, 
1 And leading under endlesse night his age in great disease 
Of scarcitie was Phiney seene, and Boreas sonnes had chaste 
I Away the Maidenfaced foules that did his vittels waste. 
And after sufrring many things in noble Jasons band, 
In muddie Phasis gushing streame at last they went a land. 
! There while they going to the King demaund the golden fleece 

Brought thither certaine yeares before by Phryxus out of Greece, 

And of their dreadfull labors wait an answere to receive, 

Aeetas daughter in hir heart doth mightie flames conceyve. 10 

And after strugling verie long, when reason could not win 

The upper hand of rage : she thus did in hir selfe begin. 

In vaine Medea doste thou strive : some God what ere he is 
Against thee bendes his force, for what a wondrous thing is this ? 

Is any thing like this which men doe terme by name of Love? 

For why should I my fathers hestes esteeme so hard above 

All measure ? sure in very deede they are too hard and sore. 

Why feare I least yon straunger whome I never saw before 

Should perish? what should be the cause of this my feare so great? 

Unhappie wench (and if thou canst) suppresse this uncouth heat-', ^ i . 20 

That burneth in thy tender brest. And if so be I coulde, 

A happie turne it were, and more at ease then be I shoulde. 

But now an uncouth maladie perforce against my will 

Doth hale me. Love persuades me one, another thing my skill. 5 : > 

The best I see and like : the worst I follow headlong still. J 

"Why being of the royall bloud so fondly doste thou rave, 

Upon a straunger thus to dote, desiring for to have 

An husband or another world ? at home thou mightest finde 

A lover meete for thine estate on whome to set thy minde. 

And yet it is but even a chaunce if he shall live or no : 30 

God graunt him for to live. I may without offence pray so, 

Although I lovde him not : for what hath Jason trespast me ? 

Who woulde not pitie Jasons youth onlesse they cruell be ? 

What creature is there but his birth and prowesse might him move ? 

And setting all the rest asyde, who woulde not be in love 

With Jasons goodlie personage ? my heart assuredly 

Is toucht therewith. But if that I provide not remedie, 

With burning breath of blasting Bulles needes sindged must he bee. 

Of seedes that he himselfe must sow a harvest shall he see 

Of armed men in battell ray upon the ground up grow, 40 

Against the which it hoveth him his manhode for to show. 

And as a pray he must be set against the Dragon fell. 

If I these things let come to passe, I may confesse right well 

That of a Tyger I was bred : and that within my brest 

A heart more harde than any Steele or stonie rocke doth rest. 

Why rather doe I not his death with wrathfull eyes beholde? 

t 137 



And joy with others seeing him to utter perill solde ? 

Why doe I not enforce the Bulles against him ? why I say 

Exhort I not the cruell men which shall in battell ray 

Arise against him from the ground? and that same Dragon too 50 

Within whose eyes came never sleepe ? God shield I so should doo. 

But prayer smally bootes, except I put to helping hand. 

And shall I like a Caytife then betray my fathers land ? 

Shall I a straunger save, whome we nor none of ours doth know ? 

That he by me preserved may without me homeward row? 

And take another to his wife, and leave me wretched wight 

To torments? If I wist that he coulde worke me such a spight, > 

Or could in any others love than only mine delight, J 

The Churle should die for me. But sure he beareth not the face 

Like one that wold doe so. His birth, his courage, and his grace 60 

Doe put me clearly out of doubt he will not me deceyve, 

No nor forget the great good turnes he shall by mee receyve. 

Yet shall he to me first his faith for more assurance plight, 

And solemly he shall be sworne to keepe the covenant right. 

Why fearste thou now without a cause? step to it out of hand : 

And doe not any lenger time thus lingring fondly stand. 

For ay shall Jason thinke himselfe beholding unto thee : 

And shall thee marrie solemly : yea honored shalt thou bee 

Of all the Mothers greate and small throughout the townes of Greece 

For saving of their sonnes that come to fetch the golden fleece. 70 

And shall I then leave brother, sister, father, kith and kin, 

And household Gods, and native soyle, and all that is therein, 

And saile I know not whither with a straunger? yea: why not? 

My father surely cruell is, my Countrie rude God wot : 

My brother yet a verie babe : my sister I dare say 

Contented is with all hir heart that I should go away. 

The greatest God is in my selfe : the things I doe forsake 

Are trifles in comparison of those that I shall take. 

For saving of the Greekish ship renoumed shall I bee. 

A better place I shall enjoy with Cities riche and free, 80 

Whose fame doth florish fresh even here, and people that excell 

In civill life and all good Artes : and whome I would not sell 

For all the goods within the worlde Duke Aesons noble sonne. 

Whome had I to my lawfull Feere assuredly once wonne, 

Most happie yea and blest of God I might my selfe account, 

And with my head above the starres to heaven I should surmount. 

But men report that certaine rockes (I know not what) doe meete 

Amid the waves, and monstruously againe a sunder fleete : 

And how Charybdis utter foe to ships that passe thereby 

Now sowpeth in, now speweth out the Sea incessantly : 90 

And ravening Scylla being hemde with cruell dogs about, 

Amids the gulfe of Sicilie doth make a barking out. 

What skilleth that? As long as I enjoy the thing I love, 

And hang about my Jasons necke, it shall no whit me move 

To saile the daungerous Seas : as long as him I may embrace 

I cannot surely be afraide in any kinde of case. 

Or if I chaunce to be afraide, my feare shall only tende 

138 



But for my husband. Callste thou him thy husband ? doste pretende 
Gay titles to thy foule offence Medea ? nay not so : 

But rather looke about how great a lewdnesse thou doste go, ioo 

And shun the mischiefe while thou mayst. She had no sooner said 
These wordes, but right and godlinesse and shamefastnesse were staid > 
Before hir eyes, and frantick love did flie away dismaid. 
She went me to an Altar that was dedicate of olde 
To Perseys daughter Hecate (of whome the witches holde 
As of their Goddesse) standing in a thicke and secrete wood 
So close it coulde not well be spide : and now the raging mood 
Of furious love was well alaide and clearely put to flight : 
When spying Aesons sonne, the flame that seemed quenched quight 
Did kindle out of hand againe. Hir cheekes began to glowe, no 

And flushing over all hir face the scarlet bloud did flowe. 
And even as when a little sparke that was in ashes hid, 
Uncovered with the whisking windes is from the ashes rid, 
Eftsoones it taketh nourishment and kindleth in such wise, 
That to his former strength againe and flaming it doth rise : 
Even so hir quailed love which late ye would have thought had quight 
Bene vanisht out of minde, as soone as Jason came in sight 
Did kindle to his former force in vewing of the grace 
With which he did avaunce himselfe then comming there in place. \ 

And (as it chaunced) farre more faire and beautifull of face J 120 

She thought him then than ever erst : but sure it doth behove 
Hir judgement should be borne withall bicause she was in love. 
She gapte and gased in his face with fixed staring eyen 
As though she never had him seene before that instant time. 
So farre she was beside hir selfe she thought it should not bee 
The face of any worldly wight the which she then did see, 
She was not able for hir life to turne hir eyes away. 
But when he tooke hir by the hand and speaking gan to pray 
Hir softly for to succor him, and promisde faithfully 

To take hir to his wedded wife, she falling by and by > 130 

A weeping, said. Sir, what I doe I see apparantly. J 

Not want of knowledge of the truth, but love shall me deceive. 
You shalbe saved by my meanes. And now I must receive 
A faithfull promise at your hand for saving of your life. 
He made a solemne vow, and sware to take hir to his wife, 
By triple Hecates holie rites, and by what other power 
So ever else had residence within that secret bower. 
And by the Sire of him that should his Fathrinlaw become 
Who all things doth behold, and as he hopte to overcome 

The dreadfull daungers which he had soone after to assay. 140 

Duke Jason being credited receivde of hir streight way 
Enchaunted herbes : and having learnde the usage of the same, 
Departed thence with merrie heart, and to his lodging came. 

Next Morne had chaste y streaming stars : and folke by heapes did flocke 
To Marsis sacred field, and there stoode thronging in a shocke, 
To see the straunge pastimes. The King most stately to beholde 
With yvorie Mace above them all did sit in throne of golde. 
Anon the brazenhoved Bulles from stonie nosethrils cast 

139 



Out flakes of fire : their scalding breath the growing grasse did blast, 

And loolce what noise a chimney full of burning fewell makes, 150 

Or Flint in softning in the Kell when first the fire it takes 

By sprincling water thereupon : such noyse their boyling brests 

Turmoyling with the firie flames enclosed in their chests, 

Such noise their scorched throtebolles make : yet stoutly Jason went 

To meete them. They their dreadfull eyes against him grimly bent, 

And eke their homes with yron tipt : and strake the dust about 

In stamping with their cloven clees : and with their belowing out 

Set all the fielde upon a smoke. The Myneis seeing that 

Were past their wits with sodaine feare, but Jason feeled nat 

So much as any breath of theirs : such strength hath sorcerie. 1 60 

Their dangling Dewlaps with his hand he coyd unfearfully, 

And putting yokes upon their neckes he forced them to draw 

The heavie burthen of the plough which erst they never saw, 

And for to breake the fielde which erst had never felt the share. 

The men of Colchos seeing this, like men amazed fare. 

The Myneis with their shouting out their mazednesse augment, 

And unto Jason therewithall give more encouragement. 

Then in a souldiers cap of Steele a Vipers teeth he takes, 

And sowes them in the new plowde fielde : the ground then soking makes 

The seede foresteepte in poyson strong, both supple lithe and soft, 1 70 

And of these teeth a right straunge graine there growes anon aloft. 

For even as in the mothers wombe an infant doth begin 

To take the lively shape of man, and formed is within 

To due proportion piece by piece in every limme, and when 

Full ripe he is, he takes the use of Aire with other men : 

So when that of the Vipers teeth the perfect shape of man 

Within the bowels of the earth was formed, they began 

To rise togither orderly upon the fruitefull fielde : 

And (which a greater wonder is) immediatly they wielde > 

Their weapons growing up with them : whom when the Greekes behilde j 1 80 

Preparing for to push their Pikes (which sharply headed were) 

In Jasons face, downe went their heades, their heartes did faint for feare : 

And also she that made him safe began abasht to bee. 

For when against one naked man so huge an armie shee 

Beheld of armed enmies bent, hir colour did abate 

And sodainly both voyd of bloud and livelie heate she sate. 

And least the chaunted weedes the which she had him given before 

Should faile at neede, a helping charme she whispred overmore, > 

And practisde other secret Artes the which she kept in store. J 

He casting streight a mightie stone amid his thickest foes, 1 90 

Doth voyde the battell from him selfe and turnes it unto those. 

These earthbred brothers by and by did one another wound 

And never ceased till that all lay dead upon the ground. 

The Greekes were glad, and in their armes did clasp their Champion stout, 

And clinging to him earnestly embraced him about. 

And thou O fond Medea too couldst well have found in hart 

The Champion for to have embraste, but that withhelde thou wart 

By shamefastnesse : and yet thou hadst embraced him, if dread 

Of stayning of thine honor had not staid thee in that stead. 

140 



But yet as far forth as thou maist, thou dost in heart rejoyce, 200 

And secretly (although without expressing it in voyce) 

Doste thanke thy charmes and eke the Gods as Authors of the same. 

Now was remaining as the last conclusion of this game, 
By force of chaunted herbes to make the watchfull Dragon sleepe 
Within whose eyes came never winke : who had in charge to keepe 
The goodly tree upon the which the golden fleeces hung. 
With crested head, and hooked pawes, and triple spirting tung. 
Right ougly was he to beholde. When Jason had besprent 
Him with the juice of certaine herbes from Lethey River sent, 
And thrice had mumbled certaine wordes which are of force to cast 210 

So sound a sleepe on things that even as dead a time they last, 
Which make the raging surges calme, and flowing Rivers stay : 
The dreadfull Dragon by and by (whose eyes before that day 
Wist never erst what sleeping ment) did fall so fast a sleepe 
That Jason safely tooke the fleece of golde that he did keepe. 
Of which his bootie being proud, he led with him away 
The Author of his good successe, another fairer pray. 
And so with conquest and a wife he loosde from Colchos strond, 
And in Larissa haven safe did go againe a lond. 

The auncient men of Thessalie togither with their wives 220 

To Church with offrings gone for saving of their childrens lives. 
Great heapes of fuming frankincense were fryed in the flame, 
And vowed Bulles to sacrifice with homes faire gilded came. 
But from this great solemnitie Duke Aeson was away, 
Now at deathes doore and spent with yeares. Then Jason thus gan say. 

wife to whome I doe confesse I owe my life in deede, 
Though al things thou to me hast given, and thy deserts exceede 
Beleife : yet if enchauntment can, (for what so hard appeares 

Which strong enchauntment can not doe?) abate thou from my yeares, 

And adde them to my fathers life. As he these wordes did speake, 230 

The teares were standing in his eyes. His godly sute did breake 

Medeas heart : who therewithall bethought hir of hir Sire, 

In leaving whome she had exprest a far unlike desire. 

But yet bewraying not hir thoughts she said : O Husband, fie, 

What wickednesse hath scapt your mouth? suppose you then that I 

Am able of your life the terme where I will to bestow? 

Let Hecat never suffer that. Your sute (as well you know) 

Against all right and reason is. But I will put in proofe 

A greater gift than you require, and more for your behoofe. 

1 will assay your fathers lire by cunning to prolong, 240 
And not with your yeares for to make him yong againe and strong : 

So our threeformed Goddesse graunt with present helpe to stand 
A furthrer of the great attempt the which I take in hand. 

Before the Moone should circlewise close both hir homes in one 
Three nightes were yet as then to come. Assoone as that she shone 
Most full of light, and did behold the earth with fulsome face, 
Medea with hir haire not trust so much as in a lace, 
But flaring on hir shoulders twaine, and barefoote, with hir gowne 
Ungirded, gate hir out of doores and wandred up and downe 
Alone the dead time of the night: both Man, and Beast, and Bird 250 

141 



Were fast a sleepe : the Serpents slie in trayling forward stird 

So sofdy as you would have thought they still a sleepe had bene. 

The moysting Ayre was whist : no leafe ye could have moving sene. 

The starres alonly faire and bright did in the welkin shine. 

To which she lifting up hir handes did thrise hirselfe encline, 

And thrice with water of the brooke hir haire besprincled shee : 

And gasping thrise she opte hir mouth : and bowing downe hir knee 

Upon the bare hard ground, she said : O trustie time of night 

Most faithfull unto privities, O golden starres whose light 

Doth joindy with the Moone succeede the beames that blaze by day 260 

And thou three headed Hecati who knowest best the way > 

To compasse this our great attempt and art our chiefest stay : J 

Ye Charmes and Witchcrafts, and thou Earth which both with herbe and weed 

Of mightie working furnishest the Wizardes at their neede : 

Ye Ayres and windes : ye Elves of Hilles, of Brookes, of Woods alone, 

Of standing Lakes, and of the Night approche ye everychone. 

Through helpe of whom (the crooked bankes much wondring at the thing) 

I have compelled streames to run clean e backward to their spring. 

By charmes I make the calme Seas rough, and make y rough Seas plaine 

And cover all the Skie with Cloudes, and chase them thence againe. 270 

By charmes I rayse and lay the windes, and burst the Vipers jaw, 

And from the bowels of the Earth both stones and trees doe drawe. 

Whole woods and Forestes I remove : I make the Mountaines shake, 

And even the Earth it selfe to grone and fearfully to quake. 

I call up dead men from their graves : and thee O lightsome Moone 

I darken oft, though beaten brasse abate thy perill soone > 

Our Sorcerie dimmes the Morning faire, and darkes y Sun at Noone. J 

The flaming breath of fine Bulles ye quenched for my sake. 

And caused there unwieldie neckes the bended yoke to take. 

Among the Earthbred brothers you a mortall war did set 280 

And brought a sleepe the Dragon fell whose eyes were never shet. 

By meanes whereof deceiving him that had the golden fleece 

In charge to keepe, you sent it thence by Jason into Greece. 

Now have I neede of herbes that can by vertue of their juice 

To flowring prime of lustie youth old withred age reduce. 

I am assurde ye will it graunt. For not in vaine have shone 

These twincling starres, ne yet in vaine this Chariot all alone 

By draught of Dragons hither comes. With that was fro the Skie 

A Chariot softly glaunced downe, and stayed hard thereby. 

Assoone as she had gotten up, and with hir hand had coyd 290 

The Dragons reined neckes, and with their bridles somewhat toyd, 
They mounted with hir in the Ayre whence looking downe she saw 
The pleasant Temp of Thessalie, and made hir Dragons draw 
To places further from resort : and there she tooke the view 
What herbes on high mount Pelion, and what on Ossa grew, 
And what on mountaine Othris, and on Pyndus growing were, 
And what Olympus (greater than mount Pyndus far) did beare. 
Such herbes of them as liked hir she pullde up roote and rinde, 
Or cropt them with a hooked knife. And many did she finde > 

Upon the bankes of Apidane agreeing to hir minde : J 300 

And many at Amphrisus foords : and thou Enipeus eke 

142 




Didst yeelde hir many pretie weedes of which she well did like. 
Peneus and Sperchius streames contributarie were, 
And so were Bwbes rushie bankes of such as growed there. 
About Anthedon which against the He Eubcva standes, 
A certaine kind of lively grasse she gathered with hir handes, 
The name whereof was scarsly knowen or what the herbe could doe 
Untill that Glaucus afterward was chaunged thereinto. 
Nine dayes with winged Dragons drawen, nine nights in Chariot swift 
She searching everie field and frith from place to place did shift. 310 

She was no sooner home returnde but that the Dragons fell, 
Which lightly of hir gathered herbes had taken but the smell, 
Did cast their sloughes and with their sloughes their riveled age forgo. 
She would none other house than heaven to hide hir head as tho : 
But kept hir still without the doores : and as for man was none 
That once might touch hir. Altars twayne of Turfe she builded : one 
Upon hir lefthand unto Youth, another on the right 
To tryple Hecat. Both the which assoone as she had dight 
With Vervin and with other shrubbes that on the fieldes doe rise, 
Not farre from thence she digde two pits : and making sacrifice 320 

Did cut a couple of blacke Rams throtes, and filled with their blood 
The open pits, on which she pourde of warme milke pure and good 
A boll full, and another boll of honie clarifide. 
And babling to hir selfe therewith full bitterly she cride 
On Pluto and his ravisht wife the sovereigne states of Hell, 
And all the Elves and Gods that on or in the earth doe dwell, 
To spare olde Aesons life a while, and not in hast deprive 
His limmes of that same aged soule which kept them yet alive. 
Whome when she had sufficiently with mumbling long besought, 
She bade that Aesons feebled corse should out of doores be brought 330 

Before the Altars. Then with charmes she cast him in so deepe 
A slumber, that upon the herbes he lay for dead a sleepe. 
Which done, she willed Jason thence a great way off to go 
And likewise all the Ministers that served hir as tho : 
And not presume those secretes with unhallowed eyes to see. 
They did as she commaunded them. When all were voyded, shee 
With scattred haire about hir eares like one of Bacchus froes 
Devoutly by and by about the burning Altars goes : 
And dipping in the pits of bloud a sort of clifted brandes, 

Upon the Altars kindled them that were on both hir handes. 340 

And thrise with brimstone, thrise with fire, and thrise with water pure 
She purged Aesons aged corse that slept and slumbred sure. 
The medicine seething all the while a wallop in a pan 
Of brasse, to spirt and leape a loft and gather froth began. 
There boyled she the rootes, seedes, flowres, leaves, stalkes, and juice togither 
Which from the fieldes of Thessalie she late had gathered thither. 
She cast in also precious stones fetcht from the furthest East, 
And (which the ebbing Ocean washt) fine gravell from the West. 
She put thereto the deaw that fell upon a Monday night : 

And flesh and feathers of a Witch a cursed odious wight 350 

Which in the likenesse of an Owle abrode a nightes did flie, 
And Infants in their cradels chaunge or sucke them that they die. 

143 



The singles also of a * Wolfe which when he list could take A Ware 

The shape of man, and when he list the same againe forsake : woi fi 

And from the River Cyniphis which is in Lybie lande 

She had the fine sheere scaled filmes of water snayles at hand : 

And of an endlesselived heart the liver had she got. 

To which she added of a Crowe that then had lived not 

So little as nine hundred yeares the head and Bill also. 

Now when Medea had with these and with a thousand mo 360 

Such other kinde of namelesse things bestead hir purpose through 
For lengthning of the old mans life, she tooke a withered bough 
Cut lately from an Olyf tree, and jumbling all togither 
Did raise the bottome to the brim : and as she stirred hither 
And thither with the withered sticke, behold it waxed greene, 
Anon the leaves came budding out : and sodenly were seene 
As many berries dangling downe as well the bough could beare. 
And where the fire had from the pan the scumming cast, or where > 
The scalding drops did fall, the ground did springlike florish there, 
And flowres with fodder fine and soft immediady arose. 370 

Which when Medea did behold, with naked knife she goes 
And cuttes the olde mans throte : and letting all his old bloud go, 
Supplies it with the boyled juice : the which when Aeson tho 
Had at his mouth or at his wounde receyved in, his heare 
As well of head as beard, from gray to coleblacke turned were. 
His leane, pale, hore, and withered corse grew fulsome, faire and fresh : 
His furrowed wrincles were fulfilde with yong and lustie flesh. 
His limmes waxt frolicke, baine and lithe : at which he wondring much, 
Remembred that at fortie yeares he was the same or such. 

And as from dull unwieldsome age to youth he backward drew : 380 

Even so a lively youthfull spright did in his heart renew. 

The wonder of this monstruous act had Bacchus seene from hie : 
And finding that to youthfull yeares his Nurses might thereby 
Restored bee, did at hir hand receive it as a gift. 
And least deceitfull guile should cease, Medea found a shift 
To feyne that Jason and hir selfe were falne at oddes in wroth : 
And thereupon in humble wise to Pelias Court she goth. 
Where forbicause the King himselfe was feebled sore with age, 
His daughters entertainde hir : whome Medea being sage, 

Within a while through false pretence of feyned friendship, brought 390 

To take hir baite. For as she tolde what pleasures she had wrought 
For Jason, and among the rest as greatest, sadly tolde 
How she had made his father yong that withred was and olde, 
And taried long upon that point : they hoped glad and faine 
That their olde father might likewise his youthfull yeares regaine. > 

And this they craving instantly did proffer for hir paine J 

What recompence she would desire. She helde hir peace a while 
As though she doubted what to doe : and with hir suttle guile 
Of counterfetted gravitie more eger did them make. 

Assoone as she had promisde them to doe it for their sake, 40x3 

For more assurance of my graunt, your selves (quoth she) shall see 
The oldest Ram in all your flocke a Lambe streight made to bee 
By force of my confections strong. Immediatly a Ram 

144 



So olde that no man thereabouts remembred him a Lam, 

Was thither by his warped homes, which turned inward to 

His hollow Temples, drawne : whose withred throte she slit in two. 

And when she cleane had drayned out that little bloud that was : 

Upon the fire with herbes of strength she set a pan of brasse, 

And cast his carcasse thereinto. The Medcine did abate 

The largenesse of his limmes, and seard his dossers from his pate, 410 

And with his homes abridgde his yeares. Anon was plainly heard 

The bleating of a new yeand Lambe from mid the Ketleward. 

And as they wondred for to heare the bleating, streight the Lam 

Leapt out, and frisking ran to seeke the udder of some Dam. 

King Pelias daughters were amazde, and when they did beholde 

Hir promise come to such effect, they were a thousand folde 

More earnest at hir than before. Thrise Phcebus having pluckt 

The Collars from his horses neckes, in Iber had them duckt. 

And now in Heaven the streaming starres the fourth night shined cleare : 

When false Medea on the fire had hanged water shere, 420 

With herbes that had no powre at all. The King and all his garde 

Which had the charge that night about his person for to warde, 

Were through hir nightspels and hir charmes in deadly sleepe all cast. 

And Pelias daughters with the Witch which eggde them forward, past 

Into his chamber by the watch, and compast in his bed. 

Then : wherefore stand ye doubting thus like fooles, Medea sed. 

On : draw your swordes, and let ye out his old bloud, that I may 

Fill up his emptie veynes againe with youthfull bloud streight way. 

Your fathers life is in your handes : it lieth now in you 

To have him olde and withred still, or yong and lustie. Now 430 

If any nature in ye be, and that ye doe not feede 

A fruitelesse hope, your dutie to your father doe with speede. 

Expulse his age by sword, and let the filthy matter out. 

Through these persuasions which of them so ever went about 

To shew hirselfe most naturall, became the first that wrought 

Against all nature : and for feare she should be wicked thought, > 

She executes the wickednesse which most to shun she sought. J 

Yet was not any one of them so bolde that durst abide 

To looke upon their father when she strake, but wride aside 

Hir eyes : and so their cruell handes not marking where they hit 440 

With faces turnde another way at all aventure smit. 

He all beweltred in his bloud awaked with the smart, 

And maimde and mangled as he was did give a sodeyne start 

Endevoring to have risen up, but when he did beholde 

Himselfe among so many swordes, he lifting up his olde 

Pale waryish arme's, said: daughters mine what doe ye? who hath put 

These wicked weapons in your hands your fathers throte to cut ? 

With that their heartes and handes did faint. And as he talked yet, 

Medea breaking of his wordes, his windpipe quickly slit, 

And in the scalding liquor tome did drowne him by and by. 450 

But had she not with winged wormes streight mounted in the skie 

She had not scaped punishment, but stying up on hie 
She over shadie Pelion flew where Chyron erst did dwell, 
And over Othrys and the grounds renowmde for that befell 

u 145 



) 



To auncient Ceramb: who such time as old Deucalions flood 

Upon the face of all the Earth like one maine water stood, 

By helpe of Nymphes with fethered wings was in the Ayer lift, 

And so escaped from the floud undrowned by the shift. 

She left Aeolian Pytanie upon hir left hand : and 

The Serpent that became a stone upon the Lesbian sand. 460 

And Ida woods where Bacchus hid a Bullocke (as is sayd) 

In shape of Stag the which his sonne had theevishly convayde. 

And where the Sire of Corytus lies buried in the dust. 

The fieldes which Meras (when he first did into barking brust) 

Afrraide with straungenesse of the noyse. And eke Eurypils towne 

In which the wives of Cos had homes like Oxen on their crowne 

Such time as Hercles with his hoste departed from the He. 

And Rhodes to Phcebus consecrate : and Ialyse where ere while 

The Telchines with their noysome sight did every thing bewitch. 

At which their hainous wickednesse Jove taking rightful pritch, 470 

Did drowne them in his brothers waves. Moreover she did passe 

By Ceos and olde Carthey walles where Sir Alcidamas 

Did wonder how his daughter should be turned to a Dove. 

The Swannie Temp and Hyries Poole she viewed from above, 

The which a sodeine Swan did haunt. For Phyllie there for love 

Of Hyries sonne did at his bidding Birdes and Lions tame, 

And being willde to breake a Bull performed streight the same : 

Till wrothfull that his love so oft so streightly should him use, 

When for his last reward he askt the Bull, he did refuse 

To give it him. The boy displeasde, said : well : thou wilt anon 480 

Repent thou gave it not : and leapt downe headlong from a stone. 

They all supposde he had bene falne : but being made a Swan 

With snowie feathers in the Ayre to flacker he began. 

His mother Hyrie knowing not he was preserved so, 

Resolved into melting teares for pensivenesse and wo, 

And made the Poole that beares hir name. Not far from hence doth stand 

The Citie Brauron, where sometime by mounting from the land 

With waving pinions Ophies ympe dame Combe did eschue 

Hir children which with naked swordes to slea hir did pursue. 

Anon she kend Calaurie fieldes which did sometime pertaine 490 

To chast Diana, where a King and eke his wife both twaine 

Were turnde to Birdes. Cyllene hill upon hir right hand stood, 

In which Menephron like a beast of wilde and savage moode, 

To force his mother did attempt. Far thence he spide where sad 

Cephisus mourned for his Neece whome Phebus turned had 

To ugly shape of swelling Seale : and Eumelles pallace faire 

Lamenting for his sonnes mischaunce with whewling in the Aire. 

At Corinth with hir winged Snakes at length she did arrive. 

Here men (so auncient fathers said that were as then alive) 

Did breede of deawie Mushrommes. But after that hir teene 500 

With burning of hir husbands bride by witchcraft wreakt had beene, 

And that King Creons pallace she on biasing fire had seene, 

And in hir owne deare childrens bloud had bathde hir wicked knife, 

Not like a mother but a beast bereving them of life: 

Least Jason should have punisht hir, she tooke hir winged Snakes, 

146 



} 



) 



And flying thence againe in haste to Pallas Citie makes, 
"Which saw the auncient Periphas and rightuous Phiney to 
Togither flying, and the Neece of Polypemon, who 
Was fastened to a paire of wings as well as tother two. 

Aegeus enterteined hir wherein he was too blame, 510 

Although he had no further gone but staid upon the same. 
He thought it not to be inough to use hir as his guest, 
Onlesse he tooke hir to his wife. And now was Thesey prest, 
Unknowne unto his father yet, who by his knightly force 
Had set from robbers cleare the balke that makes the streight divorce 
Betweene the seas Ionian and Aegean. To have killde 
This worthie knight, Medea had a Goblet readie fillde 
"With juice of Flintwoort venemous, the which she long ago 
Had out of Scythie with hir brought. The common brute is so 
That of the teeth of Cerberus this Flintwoort first did grow. 520 

There is a cave that gapeth wide with darksome entrie low : 
There goes a way slope downe by which with triple cheyne made new 
Of strong and sturdie Adamant the valiant Hercle drew 
The currish Helhounde Cerberus: who dragging arsward still, 
And writhing backe his scowling eyes because he had no skill 
To see the Sunne and open day, for verie moodie wroth 
Three barkings yelled out at once, and spit his slavering froth 
Upon the greenish grasse. This froth (as men suppose) tooke roote 
And thriving in the batling soyle in burgeons forth did shoote, 
To bane and mischiefe men withall : and forbicause the same 530 

Did grow upon the bare hard Flints, folke gave the foresaid name 
Of Flintwoort thereunto. The King by egging of his Queene 
Did reach his sonne this bane as if he had his enmie beene. 
And Thesey of this treason wrought not knowing ought, had tane 
The Goblet at his fathers hand which helde his deadly bane : 
When sodenly by the Ivorie hilts that were upon his sword, 
Aegeus knew he was his sonne : and rising from the borde, 
Did strike the mischiefe from his mouth. Medea with a charme 
Did cast a mist and so scapte death deserved for the harme 
Entended. Now albeit that Aegeus were right glad 540 

That in the saving of his sonne so happy chaunce he had : 
Yet grieved it his heart full sore that such a wicked wight 
With treason wrought against his sonne should scape so cleare and quight. 
Then fell he unto kindling fire on Altars everie where 
And glutted all the Gods with Gifts. The thicke neckt Oxen were 
With garlands wreathd about their homes knockt downe for sacrifice. 
A day of more solemnitie than this did never rise 
Before on Athens (by report). The auncients of the Towne 
Made feastes : so did the meaner sort, and every common clowne. 
And as the wine did sharpe their wits, they sang this song. O knight 550 

Of peerlesse prowesse Theseus, thy manhod and thy might 
Through all the coast of Marathon with worthie honor soundes, 
For killing of the Cretish Bull that wasted those same groundes. 
The folke of Cremyon thinke themselves beholden unto thee, 
For that without disquietting their fieldes may tilled be. 
By thee the land of Epidaure hathe seene the clubbish sonne 

147 



Of Vulcane dead. By thee likewise the countrie that doth runne 
Along Cephisus bankes behelde the fell Procrustes slaine. 
The dwelling place of Ceres our Eleusis glad and faine 

Beheld the death of Cercyon. That orpid Sinis who 560 

Abusde his strength in bending trees and tying folke thereto, 
Their limmes a sunder for to teare, when loosened from the stops, 
The trees unto their proper place did trice their streyned tops, 
Was killde by thee. Thou made the way that leadeth to the towne 
Akathoe in Beotia cleare by putting Scyron downe. 
To this same outiawes scattred bones the land denied rest, 
And likewise did the Sea refuse to harbrough such a guest : 
Till after floting to and fro long while, as men doe say, 
At length they hardened into stones : and at this present day 
The stones are called Scyrons cliffes. Now if we should account 570 

Thy deedes togither with thy yeares, thy deedes would far surmount 
Thy yeares. For thee most valiant Prince these publike vowes we kecpe, 
For thee with chereful heartes we quaffe these bolles of wine so deepe. 
The Pallace also of the noyse and shouting did resounde 
The which the people made for joy. There was not to be founde 
In all the Citie any place of sadnesse. Nathelesse 
(So hard it is of perfect joy to find so great excesse, 
But that some sorrow therewithall is medled more or lesse), 
Aegeus had not in his sonnes recoverie such delight, 

But that there followed in the necke a piece of fortunes spight. 580 

King Minos was preparing war : who though he had great store 
Of ships and souldiers, yet the wrath the which he had before 
Conceyved in his fathers brest for murthring of his sonne 
Androgeus, made him farre more strong and fiercer for to ronne > 

To rightfull battell to revenge the great displeasure donne. J 

Howbeit he thought it best ere he his warfare did begin, 
To finde the meanes of forreine aides some friendship for to win. 
And thereupon with flying fleete where passage did permit 
He went to visit all the Isles that in those seas doe sit. 

Anon the lies Astypaley and Anaphey both twaine, 590 

The first constreynde for feare of war, the last in hope of gaine, 
Tooke part with him. Low Myconey did also with him hold : 
So did the chalkie Cymoley, and Syphney which of olde 
Was verie riche with veynes of golde, and Scyros full of bolde 
And valiant men, and Seryphey the smooth or rather fell, 
And Parey which for Marblestone doth beare away the bell, 
And Sythney which a wicked wench callde Arne did betray 
For mony : who upon receit therof without delay 
Was turned to a birde which yet of golde is gripple still, 

And is as blacke as any cole, both fethers feete and bill : 600 

A Cadowe is the name of hir. But yet Olyarey, 
And Didymey, and Audrey eke, and Tene, and Gyarey, 
And Pepareth where Olive trees most plenteously doe grow, 
In no wise would agree their helpe on Minos to bestow. 
Then Minos turning lefthandwise did sayle to Oenope 
Where reignde that time King Aeacus. This He had called be 
Of old by name of Oenope: but Aeacus turnde the name 

148 






And after of his mothers name Aegina callde the same. 
The common folke ran out by heapes desirous for to see 

A man of such renowne as Minos bruted was to bee. 610 

The Kings three sonnes Duke Telamon Duke Pe/ey, and the yong 
Duke Phocus went to meete with him. Old Aeacus also clung 
With age, came after leysurely, and asked him the cause 
Of his repaire. The ruler of the hundred Shires gan pause : 
And musing on the inward griefe that nipt him at the hart 
Did shape him aunswere thus. O Prince vouchsafe to take my part 
In this same godly warre of mine : assist me in the just 
Revengement of my murthred sonne that sleepeth in the dust. 
I crave your comfort for his death. Aeginas sonne replide, 
Thy suite is vaine : and of my Realme perforce must be denide. 620 

For unto Athens is no lande more sure than this alide. 
Such leagues betweene us are, which shall infringde for me abide. 
Away went Minos sad : and said : full dearly shalt thou bie 
Thy leagues. He thought it for to be a better pollicie 
To threaten war than war to make, and there to spend his store 
And strength which in his other needes might much availe him more. 
As yet might from Oenopia walles the Cretish fleete be kend, 
When thitherward with puffed sayles and wind at will did tend 
A ship from Athens, which anon arriving at the strand 

Set Cephal with Ambassade from his Countrimen a land. 630 

The Kings three sonnes though long it were since last they had him seene : 
Yet knew they him. And after olde acquaintance eft had beene 
Renewde by shaking hands, to Court they did him streight convay : 
This Prince which did allure the eyes of all men by the way, 
As in whose stately person still remained to be seene 
The markes of beautie which in flowre of former yeares had beene, 
Went holding out an Olife braunch that grew in Atticke lande : 
And for the reverence of his age, there went on eyther hand 
A nobleman of yonger yeares. Sir Clytus on the right 

And Butes on the left, the sonnes of one that Pallas hight. 640 

When greeting first had past betweene these Nobles and the King, 
Then Cephal setting streight a broche the message he did bring, 
Desired aide : and shewde what leagues stoode then in force betweene 
His countrie and the Aeginites, and also what had beene 
Decreed betwixt their aunceters, concluding in the ende 
That under colour of this war which Minos did pretende V 

To only Athens, he in deede the conquest did intende J 

Of all Achaia. When he thus by helpe of learned skill 
His countrie message furthred had, King Aeacus leaning still 
His left hand on his scepter, saide. My Lordes, I would not have 650 

Your state of Athens seeme so straunge as succor here to crave. 
I pray commaund. For be ye sure that what this He can make, 
Is yours. Yea all that ere I have shall hazard for your sake. 
I want no strength. I have such store of souldiers, that I may 
Both vex my foes and also keepe my Realme in quiet stay. 
And now I thinke me blest of God, that time doth serve to showe 
Without excuse the great good will that I to Athens owe. > 

God holde it sir (quoth Cephalus) God make the number grow J 

149 



Of people in this towne of yours : it did me good a late 

When such a goodly sort of youth of all one age and rate 660 

Did meete me in the streete, but yet me thinkes that many misse 

Which at my former being here I have beheld ere this. 

At that the king did sigh, and thus with plaintfull voice did say. 
A sad beginning afterward in better lucke did stay, 
I would I plainly could the same before your faces lay. 
Howbeit I will disorderly repeate it as I may. 
And least I seeme to wearie you with overlong delay, 
The men that you so mindefully enquire for lie in ground, 
And nought or them save bones and dust remayneth to be found. 
But as it hapt what losse thereby did unto me redound ? 670 

A cruell plague through Junos wrath who dreadfully did hate 
This land that of hir husbands Love did take the name a late, 
Upon my people fell : as long as that the maladie 
None other seemde than such as haunts mans nature usually, 
And of so great mortalitie the hurtfull cause was hid, 
We strove by Phisicke of the same the Pacients for to rid. 
The mischief overmaistred Art : yea Phisick was to seeke 
To doe it selfe good. First the Aire with foggie stinking reeke 
Did daily overdreepe the earth : and close culme Clouds did make 
The wether faint : and while the Moone foure times hir light did take > 680 
And fillde hir emptie homes therewith, and did as often slake : 
The warme South windes with deadly heate continually did blow. 
Infected were the Springs, and Ponds, and streames that ebbe and flow. 
And swarmes of Serpents crawld about the fieldes that lay untillde, 
Which with their poison even the brookes and running waters fillde. 
In sodaine dropping downe of Dogs, of Horses, Sheepe and Kine, 
Of Birds and Beasts both wild and tame as Oxen, Wolves, and Swine, 
The mischiefe of this secret sore first outwardly appeeres. 
The wretched Plowman was amazde to see his sturdie Steeres 
Amid the forrow sinking downe ere halfe his worke was donne. 690 

Whole flocks of sheepe did faindy bleate, and therewithall begonne 
Their fleeces for to fall away and leave the naked skin, 
And all their bodies with the rot attainted were within. 
The lustie Horse that erst was fierce in field renowne to win, 
Against his kinde grew cowardly, and now forgetting quight 
The auncient honor which he preast so oft to get in fight, 
Stoode sighing sadly at the Racke as wayting for to yeelde 
His wearie life without renowne of combat in the fielde. 
The Boare to chafe, the Hinde to runne, the cruell Beare to fall 
Upon the herdes of Rother beastes had now no lust at all. 700 

A languishing was falne on all. In wayes, in woods, in plaines, 
The filthie carions lay, whose stihche the Aire it selfe distaines. 
(A wondrous thing to tell) not Dogges, not ravening Foules, nor yit 
Horecoted Wolves would once attempt to tast of them a bit. 
Looke where they fell, there rotted they : and with their favor bred 
More harme, and further still abrode the foule infection spred. 

With losse that touched yet more nere, on Husbandmen it crept, 
And ragingly within the walles of this great Citie stept. 
It tooke men first with swelting heate that scalt their guts within, 

150 



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The signes whereof were steaming breth and fine colourde skin. 710 

The tongue was harsh & swolne, the mouth through drought of burning veines 

Lay gaping up to hale in breath : and as the pacient streines 

To draw it in, he suckes therewith corrupted Aire beside. 

No bed, no clothes though nere so thinne the pacients could abide, 

But laide their hardened stomackes flat against the bare colde ground. 

Yet no abatement of the heate therein their bodies found, 

But het the earth, and as for Leache was none that helpe could hight : 

The Surgians and Phisitions too, were in the selfe same plight. 

Their curelesse cunning hurt themselves. The nerer any man 

Approcheth his diseased friend, and doth the best he can 720 

To succor him most faithfully, the sooner did he catch 

His bane. All hope of health was gone. No easment nor dispatch 

Of this disease except in death and buriall did they finde. 

Looke whereunto that eche mans minde and fancie was enclinde 

That followed he. He never past what was for his behoofe, 

For why ? that nought could doe them good was felt too much by proofe. 

In everie place without respect of shame or honestie "| 

At Wels, at brookes, at ponds, at pits, by swarmes they thronging lie : > 

But sooner might they quench their life than staunch their thirst thereby. J 

And therewithall so heavie and unwieldie they become, 730 

That wanting power to rise againe, they died there. Yet some 

The selfe same waters guzled still without regard of feare. 

So weary of their lothsome beds the wretched people were, 

That out they lept : or if to stand their feeble force denide, 

They wallowed downe and out of doores immediatly them hide : 

It was a death to every man his owne house to abide. 

And for they did not know the cause whereof the sicknesse came, 

The place (bicause they did it know) was blamed for the same. 

Ye should have seene some halfe fordead go plundring here and there 

By highways sides, while that their legges were able them to beare. 740 

And some lie weeping on the ground or rolling piteously 

Their wearie eyes which afterwards should never see the Skie : 

Or stretching out their limmes to Heaven that overhangs on hie, 

Some here, some there, and yonder some, in what so ever coste 

Death finding them enforced them to yeelde their fainting Ghoste. 

What heart had I suppose you then, or ought I then to have? 

In faith I might have lothde my life, and wisht me in my grave 
As other of my people were. I could not cast mine eie 
In any place, but that dead folke there strowed I did spie, 

Even like as from a shaken twig when rotten Apples drop, 750 

Or Mast from Beches, Holmes or Okes when Poales doe scare their top. 
Yon stately Church with greeces long against our Court you see : 
It is the shrine of Jupiter. What Wight was he or shee 
That on those Altars burned not their frankincense in vaine ? 
How oft, yea even with Frankincense that partly did remaine 
Still unconsumed in their hands, did die both man and wife, 
As ech of them with mutuall care did pray for others life ? 
How often dide the moother there in sewing for hir sonne, 
Unheard upon the Altarstone, hir prayer scarce begonne? 
How often at the Temple doore even while the Priest did bid 760 

151 



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} 



His Beades, and poure pure wine betwene their homes, at sodaine slid 

The Oxen downe without stroke given ? Yea once when I had thought 

My selfe by offring sacrifice Joves favor to have sought, 

For me, my Realme, and these three ymps, the Oxe with grievous grone 

Upon the sodaine sunke me downe : and little bloud or none 

Did issue scarce to staine the knife with which they slit his throte : 

The sickly inwardes eke had lost the signes whereby we note 

What things the Gods for certaintie would warne us of before : 

For even the verie bowels were attainted with the sore. 

Before the holie Temple doores, and (that the death might bee 770 

The more dispitefull) even before the Altars did I see 

The stinking corses scattred. Some with haltars stopt their winde, 

By death expulsing feare of death : and of a wilfull minde 

Did haste their ende, which of it selfe was coming on a pace. 

The bodies which the plague had slaine were (O most wretched case) 

Not caried forth to burial! now. For why such store there was 

That scarce the gates were wyde inough for Coffins forth to passe. 

So eyther lothly on the ground unburied did they lie, 

Or else without solemnitie were burnt in bonfires hie. 

No reverence or regard was had. Men fell togither by J 780 

The eares for firing. In the fire that was prepared for one 

Another straungers corse was burnt. And lastly few or none 

"Were left to mourne. The sillie soules of Mothers with their small 

And tender babes, and age with youth as Fortune did befall 

Went wandring gastly up and downe unmourned for at all. 

In fine, so farre outrageously this helpelesse Murren raves, 

There was not wood inough for fire, nor ground inough for graves. 

Astonied at the stourenesse of so stout a storme of ills 

I said, O father Jupiter whose mightie power fulfills 
Both Heaven and Earth, if flying fame report thee not amisse 790 

In vouching that thou didst embrace in way of Love ere this 
The River Asops daughter faire Aegina even by name, 
And that to take me for thy sonne thou count it not a shame : 
Restore thou me my folke againe, or kill thou me likewise. 
He gave a signe by sodaine flash of lightning from the Skies, 
And double peale of Thundercracks. I take this same (quoth I) 
And as I take it for a true and certaine signe whereby 
Thou doest confirme me for thy sonne : so also let it be 
A hansell of some happie lucke thou mindest unto me. 

Hard by us as it hapt that time, there was an Oken tree 800 

With spreaded armes as bare of boughes as lightly one shall see. 
This tree (as all the rest of Okes) was sacred unto Jove 
And sprouted of an Acorne which was fet from Dodon grove. 
Here markt we how the pretie Ants the gatherers up of graine 
One following other all along in order of a traine, 
Great burthens in their little mouthes did painfully sustaine, 
And nimbly up the rugged barke their beaten path maintaine. 
As wondring at the swarme I stoode, I said, O father deere 
As many people give thou me, as Ants are creeping heere, 

And fill mine empty walks againe. Anon the Oke did quake, 810 

And unconstreynde of any blast, his loftie braunches shake, 

152 






The which did yeeld a certaine sound. With that for dreadfull fearc 
A shuddring through my bodie strake and up stoode stiffe my heare. 
But yet I kissed reverently the ground and eke the tree. 
Howbeit I durst not be so bolde of hope acknowne to bee. 
Yet hoped I : and in my heart did shroude my secret hope. 
Anon came night : and sleepe upon my carefull carcasse crope. 
Me thought I saw the selfe same Oke with all his boughes and twigs, 
And all the Pismeres creeping still upon his tawnts and sprigs. 
Which trembling with a sodaine brayd these Harvest folke of threw, 820 

And shed them on the ground about, who on the sodaine grew 
In bignesse more and more, and from the earth themselves did lift, 
And stoode upright against the tree, and therewithall did shift 
Their meygernesse, and coleblacke hue, and number of their feete, 
And clad their limmes with shape of man. Away my sleepe did fleete. 
And when I wooke, misliking of my dreame I made my mone 
That in the Gods I did perceive but slender helpe or none. 
But straight much trampling up and downe and shuffling I did heare, "1 
And (which to me that present time did verie straunge appeare) I 

Of people talking in my house me thought I herd the reare. 830 

Now while I musing on the same supposde it to have been 
Some fancie of the foolish dreame which lately I had seen, 
Behold, in comes me Telamon in hast, and thrusting ope 
My Chamber doore, said: Sir, a sight of things surmounting hope 
And credit shall you have : come forth. Forth came I by and by 
And even such men for all the world there standing did I spie 
As in my sleepe I dreamed of, and knew them for the same. 
They comming to me greeted me their sovereigne Lord by name. 
And I (my vowes to Jove performde), my Citie did devide 
Among my new inhabiters : and gave them land beside 840 

Which by decease of such as were late owners of the same 
Lay wast. And in remembrance of the race whereof they came, 
The name of Emets I them gave. Their persons you have seen : 
Their disposition is the same that erst in them hath been. 
They are a sparing kinde of folke, on labor wholy set, 
A gatherer, and an hoorder up of such as they doe get. 
These fellowes being like in yeares and courage of the minde, 
Shall go a warfare ny assoone as that the Easterne winde 
Which brought you hither luckely, (the Easterne winde was it 
That brought them thither) turning, to the Southerne coast doe flit. 850 

With this and other such like talke they brought the day to ende : 
The Even in feasting, and the night in sleeping they did spende. 
The Sunne next Morrow in the heaven with golden beames did burne, 
And still the Easterne winde did blow and hold them from returne. 
Sir Pal/as sonnes to Cephal came (for he their elder was) 
And he and they to AZacus Court togither forth did passe. 
The King as yet was fast a sleepe. Duke Phocus at the gate 
Did meete them, and receyved them according to their state. 
For Telamon and Peleus alreadie forth were gone, 

To muster Souldiers for the warres. So Phocus all alone 860 

Did leade them to an inner roume, where goodly Parlours were, 
And caused them to sit them downe. As he was also there 



Now sitting with them, he beheld a Dart in Cephals hand, 

With golden head, the steale whereof he well might understand 

Was of some straunge and unknowne tree. When certaine talke had past 

A while of other matters there, I am (quoth he) at last 

A man that hath delight in woods and loves to follow game, 

And yet I am not able sure by any meanes to ame 

What wood your Javeling steale is of. Of Ash it can not bee, 

For then the colour should be browne: and if of Cornell tree, 870 

It would be full of knubbed knots. I know not what it is : 

But sure mine eies did never see a fairer Dart than this. 

The one of those same brethren twaine replying to him said: 
Nay then the speciall propertie will make you more dismaid, 
Than doth the beautie of this Dart. It hitteth whatsoever 
He throwes it at. The stroke thereof by Chaunce is ruled never. 
For having done his feate, it flies all bloudie backe agen 
Without the helpe of any hand. The Prince was earnest then 
To know the truth of all : as whence so riche a present came, 
Who gave it him, and whereupon the partie gave the same. 880 

Duke Cephal answerde his demaund in all points (one except) 
The which (as knowne apparantly) for shame he overlept : 
His beautie namely, for the which he did receive the Dart. 
And for the losse of his deare wife right pensive at the hart, 
He thus began with weeping eies. This Dart O Goddesse sonne 
(Ye ill would thinke it) makes me yirne, and long shall make me donne, 
If long the Gods doe give me life. This weapon hath undonne 
My deare beloved wife and me. O would to God this same 
Had never unto me bene given. There was a noble Dame 
That Procris hight (but you perchaunce have oftner heard the name 890 

Of great Orythia whose renowne was bruted so by fame, 
That blustring Boreas ravisht her). To this Orythia shee 
Was sister. If a bodie should compare in ech degree 
The face and natures of them both, he could none other deeme 
But Procris worthier of the twaine of ravishment should seeme. 
Hir father and our mutuall love did make us man and wife. 
Men said I had (and so I had in deede) a happie life. 
Howbeit Gods will was otherwise, for had it pleased him 
Of all this while, and even still yet in pleasure should I swim. 
The second Month that she and I by band of lawfull bed 900 

Had joynde togither bene, as I my masking Toyles did spred, 
To overthrow the horned Stags, the early Morning gray 
Then newly having chased night and gun to breake the day, 
From Mount Hymettus highest tops that freshly flourish ay, 
Espide me, and against my will conveyde me quight away. 
I trust the Goddesse will not be offended that I say 
The troth of hir. Although it would delight one to beholde 
Hir ruddie cheekes : although of day and night the bounds she holde : 
Although on juice of Ambrosie continually she feede: 

Yet Procris was the only Wight that I did love in deede. 910 

On Procris only was my heart : none other word had I 
But Procris only in my mouth : still Procris did I crie. 
I upned what a holy thing was wedlocke : and how late 

154 



It was ago since she and I were coupled in that state, 

"Which band (and specially so soone) it were a shame to breake. 

The Goddesse being moved at the wordes that I did speake, 

Said : cease thy plaint thou Carle, and keepe thy Procris still for me, "1 

But (if my minde deceyve me not) the time will shortly be \ 

That wish thou wilt thou had hir not. And so in anger she 

To Procris sent me backe againe. In going homeward as 920 

Upon the Goddesse sayings with my selfe I musing was, 

I gan to dreade bad measures least my wife had made some scape. 

Hir youthfull yeares begarnished with beautie, grace and shape, 

In maner made me to beleve the deede already done. 

Againe hir maners did forbid mistrusting over soone. 

But I had bene away : but even the same from whom I came 

A shrewde example gave how lightly wives doe run in blame : 

But we poore Lovers are afraide of all things. Hereupon 

I thought to practice feates : which thing repented me anon, 

And shall repent me while I live. The purpose of my drifts 930 

Was for tassault hir honestie with great rewards and gifts. 

The Morning fooding this my feare, to further my device, 

My shape (which thing me thought I felt) had altered with a trice. 

By meanes whereof anon unknowne to Pallas towne I came, 

And entred so my house. The house was clearely voide of blame, 

And shewed signes of chastitie in mourning ever sith 

Their maister had bene rapt away. A thousand meanes wherewith 

To come to Procris speach had I devisde : and scarce at last 

Obteinde I it. Assoone as I mine eie upon hir cast, 

My wits were ravisht in such wise that nigh I had forgot 940 

The purposde triall of hir troth. Right much a doe God wot f> 

I had to holde mine owne, that I the truth bewrayed not. j 

To keepe my selfe from kissing hir full much a doe I had 

As reason was I should have done. She looked verie sad. 

And yet as sadly as she lookte, no Wight alive can show 

A better countenance than did she. Hir heart did inward glow 

In longing for hir absent spouse. How beautifull a face 

Thinke you Sir Phocus was in hir whome sorrow so did grace? 

What should I make report how oft hir chast behaviour strave 

And overcame most constantly the great assaults I gave? 950 

Or tell how oft she shet me up with these same words ? To one 

(Where ere he is) I keepe my selfe, and none but he alone 

Shall sure enjoy the use of me. What creature having his 

Wits perfect would not be content with such a proofe as this 

Of hir most stedfast chastitie ? I could not be content : 

But still to purchase to my selfe more wo I further went. 

At last by profering endlesse welth, and heaping gifts on gifts, 

In overlading hir with wordes I drave hir to hir shifts. 

Then cride I out : Thine evill heart my selfe I tardie take. 

Where of a straunge advouterer the countenance I did make, 960 

I am in deede thy husband. O unfaithfull woman thou, 

Even I my selfe can testifie thy lewde behavior now. 

She made none answere to my words, but being stricken dum 

And with the sorrow of hir heart alonly overcum, 



Forsaketh hir entangling house, and naughtie husband quight : 

And hating all the sort of men by reason of the spight 

That I had wrought hir, straide abrode among the Mountaines hie, 

And exercisde Dianas feates. Then kindled by and by 

A fiercer fire within my bones than ever was before, 

When she had thus forsaken me by whome I set such store. 970 

I prayde hir she woulde pardon me, and did confesse my fault, 

Affirming that my selfe likewise with such a great assault 

Of richesse might right well have bene enforst to yeelde to blame, 

The rather if performance had ensewed of the same. 

When I had this submission made, and she sufficiently 

Revengde hir wronged chastitie, she then immediatly 

Was reconcilde : and afterward we lived many a yeare 

In joy, and never any jarre betweene us did appeare. 

Besides all this (as though hir love had bene to small a gift) 

She gave me eke a goodly Grewnd which was of foote so swift, 980 

That when Diana gave him hir, she said he should out go 

All others : and with this same Grewnd she gave this Dart also 

The which you see I hold in hand. Perchaunce ye faine would know 

What fortune to the Grewnd befell. I will unto you show 

A wondrous case. The straungenesse of the matter will you move. 

The krinkes of certaine Prophesies surmounting farre above 

The reach of auncient wits to read, the Brookenymphes did expound : ~j 

And mindlesse of hir owne darke doubts Dame Themis being found, > 

Was as a rechelesse Prophetisse throwne flat against the ground. J 

For which presumptuous deede of theirs she tooke just punishment. 990 

To Thebes in B<eotia streight a cruell beast she sent, 

Which wrought the bane of many a Wight. The countryfolk did feed 
Him with their cattell and themselves, untill (as was agreed) 
That all we youthfull Gentlemen that dwelled there about 
Assembling pitcht our corded toyles the champion fields throughout. 
But Net ne toyle was none so hie that could his wightnesse stop, 
He mounted over at his ease the highest of the top. 
Then everie man let slip their Grewnds, but he them all outstript 
And even as nimbly as a birde in daliance from them whipt. 
Then all the field desired me to let my Lalaps go : 1000 

(The Grewnd that Procris unto me did give was named so) 
Who strugling for to wrest his necke already from the band 
Did stretch his collar. Scarsly had we let him of of hand 
But that where L<elaps was become we could not understand. 
The print remained of his feete upon the parched sand, 
But he was clearly out of sight. Was never Dart I trow, 
Nor Pellet from enforced Sling, nor shaft from Cretish bow, 
That flew more swift than he did runne. There was not farre fro thence 
About the middle of the Laund a rising ground, from whence 
A man might overlooke the fieldes. I gate me to the knap 1010 

Of this same hill, and there beheld of this straunge course the hap, 
In which the beast seemes one while caught, and ere a man would think, 
Doth quickly give the Grewnd the slip, and from his bighting shrink. 
And like a wilie Foxe he runnes not forth directly out, 
Nor makes a windlasse over all the champion fieldes about, 

156 



But doubling and indenting still avoydes his enmies lips, 
And turning short, as swift about as spinning wheele he whips 
To disapoint the snatch. The Grewnd pursuing at an inch 
Doth cote him, never losing ground : but likely still to pinch 
Is at the sodaine shifted of: continually he snatches 1 020 

In vaine : for nothing in his mouth save only Aire he latches. 
Then thought I for to trie what helpe my Dart at neede could show. 
Which as I charged in my hand by levell aime to throw, > 

And set my fingars to the thongs, I lifting from bylow J 

Mine eies, did looke right forth againe, and straight amids the field 
(A wondrous thing) two Images of Marble I beheld : 
Of which ye would have thought the tone had fled on still a pace 
And that with open barking mouth the tother did him chase. 
In faith it was the will of God (at least if any Goddes 

Had care of them) that in their pace there should be found none oddes. 1030 
Thus farre : and then he held his peace. But tell us ere we part 
(Quoth Phocus) what offence or fault committed hath your Dart ? 
His Darts offence he thus declarde. My Lorde the ground of all 
My griefe was joy. Those joyes of mine remember first I shall. 
It doth me good even yet to thinke upon that blissfull time 
(I meane the fresh and lustie yeares of pleasant youthfull Prime) 
When I a happie man enjoyde so faire and good a wife, 
And she with such a loving Make did lead a happie life. 
The care was like of both of us, the mutuall love all one. 

She would not to have line with Jove my presence have foregone. 1040 

Ne was there any Wight that could of me have wonne the love, 
No though Dame Venus had hir selfe descended from above. 
The glowing brands of love did burne in both our brests alike. 
Such time as first with erased beames the Sunne is wont to strike 
The tops of Towres and mountaines high, according to the wont 
Of youthfull men, in woodie Parkes I went abrode to hunt. 
But neither horse nor Hounds to make pursuit upon the sent, 
Nor Servingman, nor knottie toyle before or after went. 
For 1 was safe with this same Dart. When wearie waxt mine arme 
With striking Deere, and that the day did make me somewhat warme, 1050 

Withdrawing for to coole my selfe I sought among the shades 
For Aire that from the valleyes colde came breathing in at glades. 
The more excessive was my heate, the more for Aire I sought. 
I waited for the gentle Aire : the Aire was that that brought > 

Refreshing to my wearie limmes. And (well I beart in thought) J 

Come Aire, I wonted was to sing. Come ease the paine of me 
Within my bosom lodge thy selfe most welcome unto me, 
And as thou heretofore art wont, abate my burning heate. 
By chaunce (such was my destinie) proceeding to repeate 

Mo words of daliance like to these, I used for to say 1060 

Great pleasure doe I take in thee : for thou from day to day 
Doste both refresh and nourish me. Thou makest me delight 
In woods and solitarie grounds. Now would to God I might 
Receive continuall at my mouth this pleasant breath of thine. 
Some man (I wote not who) did heare these doubtfull words of mine, 
And taking them amisse supposde that this same name of Aire 

J 57 



The which I callde so oft upon, had bene some Ladie faire : 

He thought that I had loovde some Nymph. And thereupon streight way 

He runnes me like a Harebrainde blab to Procris, to bewray 

This fault as he surmised it: and there with lavas tung, 1070 

Reported all the wanton words that he had heard me sung. 

A thing of light beliefe is love. She (as I since have harde) 

For sodeine sorrow swounded downe : and when long afterwarde 

She came againe unto hir selfe, she said she was accurst 

And borne to cruell destinie : and me she blamed wurst 

For breaking faith : and freating at a vaine surmised shame 

She dreaded that which nothing was : she fearde a headlesse name. 

She wist not what to say or thinke. The wretch did greatly feare 

Deceit : yet could she not beleve the tales that talked were. 

Onlesse she saw hir husbands fault apparant to hir eie, 1080 

She thought she would not him condemne of any villanie. 

Next day as soone as Morning light had driven the night away, 

I went abrode to hunt againe : and speeding, as I lay 

Upon the grasse, I said, come Aire and ease my painfull heate. 

And on the sodaine as I spake there seemed for to beate 

A certaine sighing in mine eares of what I could not gesse. 

But ceasing not for that, I still proceeded nathelesse : 

And said, O come most pleasant Aire. With that I heard a sound 

Of russling softly in the leaves that lay upon the ground. 

And thinking it had bene some beast, I threw my flying Dart. 1090 

It was my wife : who being now sore wounded at the hart, 

Cride out alas. Assoone as I perceyved by the shrieke 

It was my faithfull spouse, I ran me to the voiceward lieke 

A madman that had lost his wits. There found I hir halfe dead 

Hir scattred garments staining in the bloud that she had bled, 

And (wretched creature as I am) yet drawing from the wound 

The gift that she hir selfe had given. Then softly from the ground 

I lifted up that bodie of hirs of which I was more chare 

Than of mine owne, and from hir brest hir clothes in hast I tare. 

And binding up hir cruell wound, I strived for to stay 1 100 

The bloud, and prayd she would not thus by passing so away 

Forsake me as a murtherer. She waxing weake at length 

And drawing to hir death a pace, enforced all hir strength 

To utter these few wordes at last. I pray thee humbly by 

Our bond of wedlocke, by the Gods as well above the Skie 

As those to whome I now must passe, as ever I have ought 

Deserved well by thee, and by the Love which having brought 

Me to my death doth even in death unfaded still remaine, 

To nestle in thy bed and mine let never Aire obtaine. 

This sed, she held hir peace, and I perceyved by the same 1 1 10 

And tolde hir also how she was beguiled in the name. 

But what avayled telling then ? she quoathde : and with hir bloud 

Hir little strength did fade. Howbeit as long as that she coud 

See ought, she stared in my face, and gasping still on me, 

158 






Even in my mouth she breathed forth hir wretched ghost. But she 

Did seeme with better cheare to die for that hir conscience was 

Discharged quight and cleare of doubtes. Now in conclusion as 

Duke Cephal weeping told this tale to Phocus and the rest 

Whose eyes were also moyst with teares to heare the pitious gest, 

Behold King Aeacus and with him his eldest sonnes both twaine 1 1 20 

Did enter in, and after them there followed in a traine 

Of well appointed men of warre new levied : which the King 

Delivered unto Cephalus to Athens towne to bring. 



Finis septimi Librt. 



159 




THE EIGHT BOOKE 

of Ovids Metamorphosis. 

(HE day starre now beginning to disclose the Morning bright 
And for to dense the droupie Skie from darkenesse of the night, 
TheEasterne wi nd went downe&flakes of foggie clouds gan show 
And from the South a merrie gale on Cephals sayles did blow. 
The which did hold so fresh and large, that he and all his men 
Before that he was looked for arrived safe agen 
In wished Haven. In that while King Minos with his fleete 
Did wast the cost of Megara. And first he thought it meete 
To make a triall of the force and courage of his men 

Against the towne Alcathoe where Nisus reigned then. 10 

Among whose honorable haire that was of colour gray, 
One scarlet haire did grow upon his crowne, whereon the stay 
Of all his Kingdome did depende. Sixe times did Phoebe fill 
Hir homes with borrowed light, and yet the warre hung wavering still 
In fickle fortunes doubtfull scoales : and long with fleeting wings "j 

Betwene them both flew victorie. A Turret of the Kings > 

Stood hard adjoyning to the Wall, which being touched rings. J 

For Phoebus (so men say) did lay his golden Viall there, 
And so the stones the sound thereof did ever after beare. 

King Nisus daughter oftentimes resorted to this Wall, 20 

And strake it with a little stone to raise the sound withall 
In time of peace : And in the warre she many a time and oft 
Behelde the sturdie stormes of Mars from that same place aloft. 
And by continuance of the siege the Captaines names she knew, 
Their armes, horse, armor and aray in everie band and crew. 
But specially above the rest she noted Minos face. 
She knew inough and more than was inough as stoode the case. 
For were it that he hid his head in Helme with fethered crest, 
To hir opinion in his Helme he stayned all the rest. 

Or were it that he tooke in hand of Steele his target bright, 30 

She thought in weelding of his shielde he was a comly Knight. 
Or were it that he raisde his arme to throw the piercing Dart, 
The Ladie did commend his force and manhode joynde with Art. 
Or drew he with his arrow nockt his bended Bow in hand, 
She sware that so in all respectes was Phoebus wont to stand. 
But when he shewde his visage bare with Helmet laid aside, 
And on a Milke white Steede brave trapt, in Purple Robe did ride, 
She scarce was Mistresse of hir selfe, hir wits were almost straught. 
A happie Dart she thought it was that he in fingars caught, > 

And happie called she those reynes that he in hand had raught. 40 

And if she might have had hir will, she could have founde in hart, 
Among the enmies to have gone : she could have found in hart, 
From downe the higher Turret there hir bodie to have throwne, 
Among the thickest of the Tents of Gnossus to have flowne : 
Or for to ope the brazen gates and let the enmie in, 

160 



Or whatsoever else she thought might Minos favor win. 

And as she sate beholding still the King of Candies tent, 

She said : I doubt me whether that I rather may lament 
Or of this wofull warre be glad. It grieves me at the hart 

That thou O Minos unto me thy Lover enmie art. 50 

But had not this same warfare bene, I never had him knowne. 

Yet might he leave this cruell warre, and take me as his owne. 

A wife, a feere, a pledge for peace he might receive of me. 

O flowre of beautie, O thou Prince most pearlesse : if that she 

That bare thee in hir wombe were like in beautie unto thee, 

A right good cause had Jove on hir enamored for to bee. 

Oh happie were I if with wings I through the Aire might glide 

And safely to King Minos Tent from this same Turret slide. 

Then would I utter who I am, and how the firie flame 

Of Cupid burned in my brest, desiring him to name 60 

What dowrie he would aske with me in loan of his love, 

Save only of my Fathers Realme no question he should move. 

For rather than by traitrous meanes my purpose should take place, 

Adue desire of hoped Love. Yet oftentimes such grace 

Hath from the gentle Conqueror proceeded erst, that they 

Which tooke the foyle have found the same their profit and their stay. 

Assuredly the warre is just that Minos takes in hand, 

As in revengement of his sonne late murthered in this land. 

And as his quarrell seemeth just, even so it cannot faile, 

But rightful! warre against the wrong must (I beleve) prevaile. 70 

Now if this Citie in the ende must needes be taken : why 

Should his owne sworde and not my Love be meanes to win it by ? 

It were yet better he should speede by gentle meanes, without 

The slaughter of his people, yea and (as it may fall out) 

With spending of his owne bloud too. For sure I have a care 

Minos least some Souldier wound thee ere he be aware. 
For who is he in all the world that hath so hard a hart, 
That wittingly against thy head would aime his cruell Dart ? 

1 like well this devise, and on this purpose will I stand, 

To yeelde my selfe endowed with this Citie to the hand 80 

Of Minos: and in doing so to bring this warre to ende. 

But smally it availeth me the matter to intende. 

The gates and yssues of this towne are kept with watch and warde, 

And of the Keyes continually my Father hath the garde. 

My Father only is the man of whome I stand in dreede, 

My Father only hindreth me of my desired speede. 

Would God that I were Fatherlesse. Tush everie Wight may bee 

A God as in their owne behalfe, and if their hearts be free 

From fearefulnesse. For fortune works against the fond desire 

Of such as through faint heartednesse attempt not to aspire. > 90 

Some other feeling in hir heart such flames of Cupids fire, J 

Already would have put in proofe some practise to destroy 

What thing so ever of hir Love the furtherance might anoy. 

And why should any woman have a bolder heart than I ? 

Throw fire and sword I boldly durst adventure for to flie. 

And yet in this behalfe at all there needes no sword nor fire, 

y 161 



There needeth but my fathers haire to accomplish my desire. 
That Purple haire of his to me more precious were than golde : 
That Purple haire of his would make me blest a thousand folde: 
That haire would compasse my desire and set my heart at rest. ioo 

Night (chiefest Nurce of thoughts to such as are with care opprest,) 
Approched while she spake these words, and darknesse did encrease 
Hir boldnesse. At such time as folke are wont to finde release 
Of cares that all the day before were working in their heds, 
By sleepe which falleth first of all upon them in their beds, 
Hir fathers chamber secretly she entered : where (alasse 
That ever Maiden should so farre the bounds of nature passe) 
She robde hir Father of the haire upon the which the fate 
Depended both of life and death and of his royall state. 

And joying in hir wicked pray, she beares it with hir so no 

As if it were some lawfull spoyle acquired of the fo. 
And passing through a posterne gate she marched through the mid 
Of all hir enmies (such a trust she had in that she did) 
Untill she came before the King : whom troubled with the sight 
She thus bespake. Enforst O King by love against all right 
I Scylla Nisus daughter doe present unto thee heere 
My native soyle, my household Gods, and all that else is deere. 
For this my gift none other thing in recompence I crave, 
Than of thy person, which I love, fruition for to have. 

And in assurance of my love receyve thou here of mee 1 20 

My fathers Purple haire : and thinke I give not unto thee 
A haire but even my fathers head. And as these words she spake, 
The cursed gift with wicked hand she profered him to take. 
But Minos did abhorre hir gift : and troubled in his minde 
With straungenesse of the heynous act so sore against hir kinde, 
He aunswerde. O thou slaunder of our age the Gods expell 
Thee out of all this world of theirs and let thee no where dwell. 
Let rest on neither Sea nor Land be graunted unto thee. 
Assure thy selfe that as for me I never will agree 

That Candie Joves owne foster place (as long as I there raigne) 130 

Shall unto such a monstruous Wight a Harbrow place remaine. 
This said, he like a righteous Judge among his vanquisht foes 
Set order under paine of death. Which done, he willed those 
That served him to go a boorde and Anchors up to wey. 
When Scylla saw the Candian fleete a flote to go away, 
And that the Captaine yeelded not so good reward as shee 
Had for hir lewdnesse looked for : and when in fine she see 
That no entreatance could prevaile : then bursting out in ire 
With stretched hands and scattred haire, as furious as the fire 
She shraming cryed out aloud. And whither doste thou flie 140 

Rejecting me the only meanes that thou hast conquerde by? 
O cankerde Churle preferde before my native soyle, preferd 
Before my father, whither flyste O Carle of heart most hard ? 
Whose conquest as it is my sinne, so doth it well deserve 
Reward of thee, for that my fault so well thy turne did serve. 
Doth neither thee the gift I gave, nor yet my faithfull love, 
Nor yet that all my hope on thee alonly rested, move ? 

162 



For whither shall I now resort forsaken thus of thee ? 

To Megara the wretched soyle of my nativitie ? 

Behold it lieth vanquished and troden under foote. 150 

But put the case it flourisht still : yet could it nothing boote. 

I have foreclosde it to my selfe through treason when I gave 

My fathers head to thee. Whereby my countriefolke I drave 

To hate me justly for my crime. And all the Realmes about 

My lewde example doe abhorre. Thus have I shet me out 

Of all the world, that only Crete might take me in : which if 

Thou like a Churle denie, and cast me up without relief, 

The Ladie Europ surely was not mother unto thee, 

But one of Affricke Sirts where none but Serpents fostred bee : 

But even some cruell Tiger bred in Armen or in Inde t 1 60 

Or else the Gulfe Charybdis raisde with rage of Southerne winde. 

Thou wert not got by Jove: ne yet thy mother was beguilde 

In shape of Bull : of this thy birth the tale is false compilde. 

But rather some unwieldie Bull even altogither wilde 

That never lowed after Cow was out of doubt thy Sire. 

father Nisus put thou me to penance for my hire. 
Rejoyce thou in my punishment thou towne by me betrayd. 

1 have deserved (I confesse) most justly to be payd 

With death. But let some one or them that through my lewdnesse smart 

Destroy me : why doste thou that by my crime a gainer art, 1 70 

Commit like crime thy selfe ? Admit this wicked act of me 

As to my land and Fatherward in deede most hainous be : 

Yet oughtest thou to take it as a friendship unto thee. 

But she was meete to be thy wife, that in a Cow of tree 

Could play the Harlot with a Bull, and in hir wombe could beare 

A Barne, in whome the shapes of man and beasts confounded were. 

How sayst thou Carle ? compell not these my words thine eares to glow : 

Or doe the windes that drive thy shyps, in vaine my sayings blow ? 

In faith it is no wonder though thy wife PasiphaS 

Preferrde a Bull to thee, for thou more cruell wert than he : 180 

Now wo is me. To make more hast it standeth me in hand. 

The water sounds with Ores, and hales from me and from my land. 

In vaine thou strivest O thou Churle forgetfull quight of my 

Desertes : for even in spight of thee pursue thee still will I. 

Upon thy courbed Keele will I take holde : and hanging so 

Be drawen along the Sea with thee where ever thou do go. 

She scarce had said these words, but that she leaped on the wave, 
And getting to the ships by force of strength that Love hir gave, > 
Upon the King of Candies Keele in spight of him she clave. J 

Whome when hir father spide (for now he hovered in the aire, 190 

And being made a Hobby Hauke did soare betweene a paire 
Of nimble wings of yron Mayle) he soused downe a maine 
To seaze upon hir as she hung, and would have torne hir faine 
With bowing Beake. But she for feare did let the Caricke go : 
And as she was about to fall, the lightsome Aire did so 
Uphold hir, that she could not touch the Sea as seemed tho. 
Anon all fethers she became, and forth away did flie 
Transformed to a pretie Bird that stieth to the Skie. 

163 



And for bicause like clipped haire hir head doth beare a marke, 

The Greekes it Cyris call, and we doe name the same a Larke. 200 

Assoone as Minos came a land in Crete, he by and by 

Performde his vowes to Jupiter in causing for to die 
A hundred Bulles for sacrifice. And then he did adorne 
His Pallace with the enmies spoyles by conquest wonne beforne. 
The slaunder of his house encreast: and now appeared more 
The mothers filthie whoredome by the monster that she bore 
Of double shape, an ugly thing. This shamefull infamie, 
This monster borne him by his wife he mindes by pollicie 
To put away : and in a house with many nookes and krinks 
From all mens sights and speach of folke to shet it up he thinks. a 10 

Immediatly one D<eda/us renowmed in that lande 
For fine devise and workmanship in building, went in hand 
To make it. He confounds his worke with sodaine stops and stayes, 
And with the great uncertaintie of sundrie winding wayes 
Leades in and out, and to and fro, at divers doores astray. 
And as with trickling streame the Brooke Meander seemes to play 
In Phrygia, and with doubtfull race runnes counter to and fro, 
And meeting with himselfe doth looke if all his streame or no 
Come after, and retiring eft cleane backward to his spring 

And marching eft to open Sea as streight as any string, 220 

Indenteth with reversed streame : even so of winding wayes 
^Innumerable Dtedalus within his worke convayes. 
Yea scarce himselfe could find the meanes to winde himselfe well out: 
So busie and so intricate the house was all about. 

Within this Maze did Minos shet the Monster that did beare 

The shape of man and Bull. And when he twise had fed him there 
With bloud of Atticke Princes sonnes that given for tribute were : 
The third time at the ninth yeares end the lot did chaunce to light 
On Theseus King Aegteus sonne : who like a valiant Knight 
Did overcome the Minotaur: and by the pollicie 230 

Of Minos eldest daughter (who had taught him for to tie 
A clew of Linnen at the doore to guide himselfe thereby) 
As busie as the turnings were, his way he out did finde, 
Which never man had done before. And streight he having winde, 
With Minos daughter sailde away to Dia : where (unkinde 
And cruell creature that he was) he left hir post alone 
Upon the shore. Thus desolate and making dolefull mone 
God Bacchus did both comfort hir and take hir to his bed. 
And with an everlasting starre the more hir fame to spred, 
He tooke the Chaplet from hir head, and up to Heaven it threw. 240 

The Chaplet thirled through the Aire : and as it gliding flew, 
The precious stones were turnd to starres which biased cleare and bright, 
And tooke their place (continuing like a Chaplet still to sight) 
Amid betweene the kneeler downe and him that gripes the Snake. 

Now in this while gan Daedalus a wearinesse to take 

Of living like a banisht man and prisoner such a time 
In Crete, and longed in his heart to see his native Clime. 
But Seas enclosed him as if he had in prison be. 
Then thought he : though both Sea and land King Minos stop fro me, 

164 






I am assurde he cannot stop the Aire and open Skie : 250 

To make my passage that way then my cunning will I trie. 

Although that Minos like a Lord held all the world beside : 

Yet doth the Aire from Minos yoke for all men free abide. 

This sed: to uncoth Arts he bent the force of all his wits 

To alter natures course by craft. And orderly he knits 

A rowe of fethers one by one, beginning with the short, 

And overmatching still eche quill with one of longer sort, 

That on the shoring of a hill a man would thinke them grow. 

Even so the countrie Organpipes of Oten reedes in row 

Ech higher than another rise. Then fastned he with Flax 260 

The middle quilles, and joyned in the lowest sort with Wax. 

And when he thus had finisht them, a little he them bent 

In compasse, that the verie Birdes they full might represent. 

There stoode me by him Icarus his sonne a pretie Lad : 

Who knowing not that he in handes his owne destruction had, 

With smiling mouth did one while blow the fethers to and fro 

Which in the Aire on wings of Birds did flask not long ago : 

And with his thumbes another while he chafes the yelow Wax 

And lets his fathers wondrous worke with childish toyes and knax. 

Assoone as that the worke was done, the workman by and by "1 270 

Did peyse his bodie on his wings, and in the Aire on hie ^ 

Hung wavering : and did teach his sonne how he should also flie. 

I warne thee (quoth he) Icarus a middle race to keepe. 

For if thou hold to low a gate, the dankenesse of the deepe 

Will overlade thy wings with wet. And if thou mount to hie, 

The Sunne will sindge them. Therefore see betweene them both thou flie. 

I bid thee not behold the Starre Bootes in the Skie, 

Nor looke upon the bigger Beare to make thy course thereby, 

Nor yet on Orions naked sword. But ever have an eie 

To keepe the race that I doe keepe, and I will guide thee right. 280 

In giving counsell to his sonne to order well his flight, 

He fastned to his shoulders twaine a paire of uncoth wings. 

And as he was in doing it and warning him of things, 

His aged cheekes were wet, his handes did quake, in fine he gave 

His sonne a kisse the last that he alive should ever have. 

And then he mounting up aloft before him tooke his way 

Right fearfull for his followers sake : as is the Bird the day 

That first she tolleth from hir nest among the braunches hie 

Hir tender yong ones in the Aire to teach them for to flie. 

So heartens he his little sonne to follow teaching him 290 

A hurtfull Art. His owne two wings he waveth verie trim, 

And looketh backward still upon his sonnes. The fishermen 

Then standing angling by the Sea, and shepeherdes leaning then 

On sheepehookes, and the Ploughmen on the handles of their Plough, 

Beholding them, amazed were : and thought that they that through 

The Aire could flie were Gods. And now did on their left side stand 

The lies of Pans and of Dele, and Samos, Junos land : 

And on their right, Lebinthos, and the faire Calydna fraught 

With store of honie : when the Boy a frolicke courage caught 

To flie at randon. Whereupon forsaking quight his guide, 300 

165 



Of fond desire to flie to Heaven, above his boundes he stide. 

And there the nerenesse of the Sunne which burnd more hote aloft, 

Did make the Wax (with which his wings were glewed) lithe and soft. 

Assoone as that the Wax was molt, his naked armes he shakes, 

And wanting wherewithall to wave, no helpe of Aire he takes. 

But calling on his father loud he drowned in the wave : 

And by this chaunce of his, those Seas his name for ever have. 

His wretched Father (but as then no father) cride in feare 

O Icarus O Icarus where art thou ? tell me where 

That I may finde thee Icarus. He saw the fethers swim 310 

Upon the waves, and curst his Art that so had spighted him. 

At last he tooke his bodie up and laid it in a grave, 

And to the He the name of him then buried in it gave. 

And as he of his wretched sonne the corse in ground did hide, 
The cackling Partrich from a thicke and leavie thorne him spide, 
And clapping with his wings for joy aloud to call began. 
There was of that same kinde of Birde no mo but he as than : 
In times forepast had none bene seene. It was but late anew 
Since he was made a bird : and that thou Dadalus maist rew : > 

For whyle the world doth last, thy shame shall thereupon ensew. 320 

For why thy sister ignorant of that which after hapt, 
Did put him to thee to be taught full twelve yeares old, and apt 
To take instruction. He did marke the middle bone that goes 
Through fishes, and according to the paterne tane of those 
He filed teeth upon a piece of yron one by one, 
And so devised first the Saw where erst was never none. 
Moreover he two yron shankes so joynde in one round head, 
That opening an indifferent space the one point downe shall tread, 
And tother draw a circle round. The finding of these things, 
The spightfull hart of D<edalus with such a malice stings, 330 

That headlong from the holye towre of Pallas downe he thrue 
His Nephew, feyning him to fall by chaunce, which was not true. 
But Pallas (who doth favour wits) did stay him in his fall, 
And chaunging him into a Bird did clad him over all 
With fethers soft amid the Aire. The quicknesse of his wit 
(Which erst was swift) did shed it selfe among his wings and feete. 
And as he Partrich hight before, so hights he Partrich still. 
Yet mounteth not this Bird aloft ne seemes to have a will 
To build hir nest in tops of trees among the boughes on hie, 
But flecketh nere the ground and layes hir egges in hedges drie. 340 

And forbicause hir former fall she ay in minde doth beare, 
She ever since all lofty things doth warely shun for feare. 
And now forwearied Daedalus alighted in the land 
Within the which the burning hilles of firie Aetna stand. 
To save whose life King Cocalus did weapon take in hand, 
For which men thought him merciful. And now with high renowne 
Had Theseus ceast the wofull pay of tribute in the towne 
Of Athens. Temples decked were with garlands every where, 
And supplications made to Jove and warlicke Pallas were, 

And all the other Gods. To whome more honor for to show, 350 

Gifts, blud of beasts, and frankincense the people did bestow 

166 



} 



As in performance of their vowes. The right redoubted name 
Of Theseus through the lande of Greece was spred by flying fame. 
And now the folke that in the lande of rich Achaia dwelt, 
Praid him of succor in the harmes and perils that they felt. 
Although the land of Calydon had then Me/eager: 
Yet was it faine in humble wise to Theseus to prefer 
A supplication for the aide of him. The cause wherefore 
They made such humble suit to him was this. There was a Bore 
The which Diana, for to wreake hir wrath conceyvde before, J 360 

Had thither as hir servant sent the countrie for to waast : 
For men report that Oenie, when he had in storehouse plaast 
The full encrease of former yeare, to Ceres did assigne 
The firstlings of his corne and fruits : to Bacchus, of the Vine : 
And unto Pa/las Olife oyle. This honoring of the Gods 
Of graine and fruits who put their help to toyling in the clods, 
Ambitiously to all, even those that dwell in heaven did clime. 
Dianaas Altars (as it hapt) alonly at that time 
Without reward of Frankincense were overskipt (they say). 
Even Gods are subject unto wrath. He shall not scape away 370 

Unpunisht. Though unworshipped he passed me wyth spight : 
He shall not make his vaunt he scapt me unrevenged quight, 
Quoth Phoebe. And anon she sent a Bore to Oenies ground 
Of such a hugenesse as no Bull could ever yet be found, 
In Epyre: But in Sicilie are Bulles much lesse than hee. 
His eies did glister blud and fire : right dreadfull was to see 
His brawned necke, right dredfull was his haire which grew as thicke 
With pricking points as one of them could well by other sticke. 
And like a front of armed Pikes set close in battell ray, 

The sturdie brisdes on his back stoode staring up alway. 380 

The scalding fome with gnashing hoarse which he did cast aside, 
Upon his large and brawned shield did white as Curdes abide. 
Among the greatest Oliphants in all the land of Inde, 
A greater tush than had this Boare, ye shall not lightly finde. 
Such lightning flashed from his chappes, as seared up the grasse. 
Now trampled he the spindling corne to ground where he did passe, 
Now ramping up their riped hope he made the Plowmen weepe. 
And chankt the kernell in the eare. In vaine their floores they sweepe: > 
In vaine their Barnes for Harvest long the likely store they keepe. J 

The spreaded Vines with clustred Grapes to ground he rudely sent, 390 

And full of Berries loden boughes from Olife trees he rent. 
On cattell also did he rage. The shepeherd nor his dog, 
Nor yet the Bulles could save the herdes from outrage of this Hog. 
The folke themselves were faine to flie. And yet they thought them not ~\ 
In safetie when they had themselves within the Citie got : > 

Untill their Prince Mekager, and with their Prince a knot J 

Of Lords and lustie gentlemen of hand and courage stout, 
With chosen fellowes for the nonce of all the Lands about, 
Inflamed were to win renowne. The chiefe that thither came 
* Castor W Were both * the twinnes of Tyndarus of great renowne and fame, 400 

Pollux. The one in all activitie of manhode, strength and force, 

The other for his cunning skill in handling of a horse : 

167 



Pltxippus 
(J Texeut. 



* Eurytus 
(J Cleatus. 



* Ametus. 



* Enestmus 
A Icon & 
Dexippus. 

t Laertes. 



* Mopsus. 

t Amphi- 
ardus. 



And Jason, he that first of all the Gallie did invent : 

And Theseus with Pirithous, betwene which two there went 

A happie leage of amitie : And # two of Thesties race : 

And Lyme the sonne of Apharie, and Idas swift of pace. 

And fierce Leucyppus, and the brave Acastus with his Dart, 

In handling of the which he had the perfect skill and Art. 

And Cany who by birth a wench, the shape of man had wonne. 

And Drias and Hippothous: and Phcenix eke the sonne 

Of olde Amyntor: and * a paire of Actors ympes : and Phyle 

Who came from Ells. Telamon was also there that while : 

And so was also Peleus the great Achilles Sire : 

And * Pherets sonne : and Iblay the Thebane, who with fire, 

Helpt Hercules the monstruous heades of Hydra of to seare. 

The lively Lad Eurytion and Echion who did beare 

The pricke and prise for footmanship, were present also there, 

And Lelex of Narytium to. And Panopie beside : 

And Hyle: and cruell Hippasus: and N<estor who that tide 

Was in the Prime of lustie youth : Moreover thither went 

Three children of Hippocoon from olde Amide sent. 

And f he that of Penelope the fathrinlaw became, 

And eke the sonne of Parrhasus Ancaus cald by name. 

There was * the sonne of Ampycus of great forecasting wit : 

And f Oeclies sonne who of his wife was unbetrayed yit. 

And from the Citie Tegea there came the Paragone 

Of Lycey forrest, Atalant, a goodly Ladie, one 

Of Schoenyes daughters, then a Maide. The garment she did weare 

A brayded button fastned at hir gorget. All hir heare 

Untrimmed in one only knot was trussed. From hir left 

Side hanging on hir shoulder was an Ivorie quiver deft : 

Which being full of arrowes, made a clattring as she went. 

And in hir right hand shee did beare a Bow already bent. 

Hir furniture was such as this. Hir countnance and hir grace 

Was such as in a Boy might well be cald a Wenches face, 

And in a Wench be cald a Boyes. The Prince of Calydon 

No sooner cast his eie on hir, but being caught anon 

In love, he wisht hir to his wife : but unto this desire 

God Cupid gave not his consent. The secret flames of fire 

He haling inward still did say : O happy man is he 

Whom this same Ladie shall vouchsafe hir husband for to be. 

The shortnesse of the time and shame would give him leave to say 

No more : a worke of greater weight did draw him then away. 

A wood thick growen with trees which stoode unfelled to that day 
Beginning from a plaine, had thence a large prospect throughout 
The falling grounds that every way did muster round about. 
Assoone as that the men came there, some pitched up the toyles, 
Some tooke the couples from the Dogs, and some pursude the foyles 
In places where the Swine had tract : desiring for to spie 
Their owne destruction. Now there was a hollow bottom by, 
To which the watershots of raine from all the high grounds drew. 
Within the compasse of this pond great store of Oysyers grew : 
And Sallowes lithe, and flackring Flags, and moorish Rushes eke, 



410 



} 



420 



430 



440 






450 



168 



UUl 

} 



And lazie Reedes on little shankes, and other baggage like. 
From hence the Bore was rowzed out, and fiersly forth he flies 
Among the thickest of his foes like thunder from the Skies, 
When Clouds in meeting force the fire to burst by violence out. 
He beares the trees before him downe, and all the wood about 
Doth sound of crashing. All the youth with hideous noyse and shout 
Against him bend their Boarspeare points with hand and courage stout. 460 

He rushes forth among the Dogs that held him at a bay, 
And now on this side now on that, as any come in way, 
He rippes their skinnes and splitteth them, and chaseth them away. 
Echion first of all the rout a Dart at him did throw, 
Which mist, and in a Maple tree did give a litde blow. 
The next (if he that threw the same had used lesser might,) 
The backe at which he aimed it was likely for to smight. 
It overflew him. Jason was the man that cast the Dart. 

With that the sonne of Ampycus sayd : Phcebus (if with hart Mopsus. 

I have and still doe worship thee) now graunt me for to hit 470 

The thing that I doe levell at. Apollo graunts him it 
As much as lay in him to graunt. He hit the Swine in deede : 
But neyther entred he his hide nor caused him to bleede, 
For why Diana (as the Dart was flying) tooke away 
The head of it : and so the Dart could headlesse beare no sway. 
But yet the moodie beast thereby was set the more on fire : 
And chafing like the lightning swift he uttreth forth his ire. 
The fire did sparkle from his eyes : and from his boyling brest 
He breathed flaming flakes of fire conceyved in his chest. 

And looke with what a violent brunt a mightie Bullet goes 480 

From engines bent against a wall, or bulwarks full of foes : 
With even such violence rusht the Swine among the Hunts a mayne, 
And overthrew Eupalamon and Pelagon both twaine 
That in the right wing placed were. Their fellowes stepping to 
And drawing them away, did save their lives with much a do. 
But as for poore Enesimus Hippocoons sonne had not 
The lucke to scape the deadly dint. He would away have got, 
And trembling turnde his backe for feare. The Swine him overtooke, 
And cut his hamstrings, so that streight his going him forsooke. 
And N<estor to have lost his life was like by fortune ere 490 

The siege of Troie, but that he tooke his rist upon his speare : 
And leaping quickly up upon a tree that stoode hard by, 
Did safely from the place behold his foe whome he did flie. 
The Boare then whetting sharpe his tuskes against the Oken wood, 
To mischiefe did prepare himselfe with fierce and cruell mood. 
And trusting to his weapons which he sharpened had a new, 
In great Orithyas thigh a wound with hooked groyne he drew. 
Canor is The valiant brothers those same twinnes of Tyndarus (not yet 
Celestiall signes) did both of them on goodly coursers sit 

As white as snow : and ech of them had shaking in his fist 500 

A lightsome Dart with head of Steele to throw it where he lyst : > 

And for to wound the bristled Bore they surely had not mist, J 

But that he still recovered so the coverts of the wood, 
That neyther horse could follow him, nor Dart doe any good. 

z 169 



Still after followed Telamon: whom taking to his feete 

No heede at all for eagernesse, a Maple roote did meete, 

Which tripped up his heeles, and flat against the ground him laid. 

And while his brother Peleus relieved him, the Maid 

Of Tegea tooke an arrow swift, and shot it from hir bow. 

The arrow lighting underneath the havers eare bylow, 510 

And somewhat rasing of the skin, did make the bloud to show. 

The Maid hirselfe not gladder was to see that luckie blow, 

Than was the Prince Meleager. He was the first that saw, 

And first that shewed to his Mates the blud that she did draw : 

And said, for this thy valiant act due honor shalt thou have. 

The men did blush, and chearing up ech other, courage gave 

With shouting, and disorderly their Darts by heaps they threw. 

The number of them hindred them, not suffring to ensew 

That any lighted on the marke at which they all did ame. 

Behold, enragde against his ende, the hardie Knight that came 520 

From Arcadie, rusht rashly with a Pollax in his fist, 

And said, you yonglings learne of me what difference is betwist 

A wenches weapons and a mans : and all of you give place 

To my redoubted force. For though Diana in this chase 

Should with hir owne shielde him defend, yet should this hand of mine, 

Even maugre Dame Dianaas heart, confound this orped Swine. 

Such boasting words as these through pride presumptuously he crakes : 

And streyning out himselfe upon his tiptoes, streight he takes 

His Pollax up with both his hands. But as this bragger ment 

To fetch his blow, the cruell beast his malice did prevent : 530 

And in his coddes (the speeding place of death) his tushes puts, 

And rippeth up his paunche. Downe falles Anceus and his guts 

Come tumbling out besmearde with bloud, and foyled all the plot. 

Pirithous Ixions sonne at that abashed not : 

But shaking in his valiant hand his hunting staffe did goe 

Still stoutly forward face to face t'encounter with his foe. 

To whome Duke Theseus cride a farre. O dearer unto mee 

Than is my selfe, my soule I say, stay : lawfull we it see 

For valiant men to keepe aloofe. The over hardie hart 

In rash adventring of him selfe hath made Ancaus smart. 540 

This sed, he threw a weightie Dart of Cornell with a head 

Of brasse : which being leveld well was likely to have sped, 

But that a bough of Chestnut tree thicke leaved by the way 

Did latch it, and by meanes therof the dint of it did stay. 

Another Dart that Jason threw, by fortune mist the Bore, 

And light betwene a Maistifes chaps, and through his guts did gore, 

And naild him to the earth. The hand of Prince Meleager 

Plaid hittymissie. Of two Darts his first did flie so far, 

And lighted in the ground : the next amid his backe stickt fast. 

And while the Bore did play the fiend and turned round agast, 550 

And grunting flang his fome about togither mixt with blood 

The giver of the wound (the more to stirre his enmies mood,) 

Stept in, and underneath the shield did thrust his Boarspeare through. 

Then all the Hunters shouting out demeaned joy inough, 

And glad was he that first might come to take him by the hand. 

170 



About the ugly beast they all with gladnesse gazing stand, 
And wondring what a field of ground his carcasse did possesse, 
There durst not any be so bolde to touch him. Nerethelesse, 
They every of them with his bloud their hunting staves made red. 
Then stepped forth Mekager, and treading on his hed 560 

Said thus : O Ladie Atalant, receive thou here my fee, 
And of my glorie vouch thou safe partaker for to bee. 
Immediatly the ugly head with both the tusshes brave, 
And eke the skin with bristles stur right griesly, he hir gave. 
The Ladie for the givers sake, was in hir heart as glad 
As for the gift. The rest repinde that she such honor had. 
Through all the rout was murmuring : Of whom with roring reare 
And armes displayd that all the field might easly see and heare, > 

The Thesties cried, Dame come of, and lay us downe this geare : 
And thou a woman offer not us men so great a shame, 570 

As we to toyle, and thou to take the honor of our game. 
Ne let that faire smooth face of thine beguile thee, least that hee 
That being doted in thy love did give thee this our fee, 
Be over farre to rescow thee. And with that word they tooke 
The gift from hir, and right of gift from him. He could not brooke 
This wrong : but gnashing with his teeth for anger that did boyle 
Within, said fiersly : learne ye you that other folkes dispoyle 
Of honor given, what diffrence is betweene your threats, and deedes. 
And therewithall Plexippus brest (who no such matter dreedes) 
With wicked weapon he did pierce. As Toxey doubting stood 580 

What way to take, desiring both t'advenge his brothers blood, 
And fearing to be murthered as his brother was before : 
Mekager (to dispatch all doubts of musing any more) 
Did heate his sword for companie in bloud of him againe, 
Before Plexippus bloud was cold that did thereon remaine. 
Althtea going toward Church with presents for to yild 
Due thankes and worship to the Gods bycause hir sonne had kild 
The Boare, beheld hir brothers brought home dead : and by and by 
She beate hir brest, and filde the towne with shrieking piteously, 
And shifting all hir rich aray, did put on mourning weede. 590 

But when she understoode what man was doer of the deede, > 

She left all mourning, and from teares to vengeance did proceede. J 

There was a certaine firebrand which when Oenies wife did lie 
In childebed of Mekagar, she chaunced to espie 
The Destnies putting in the fire : and in the putting in, 
She heard them speake these words, as they his fatall threede did spin : 
O lately borne, like time we give to thee and to this brand. 
And when they so had spoken, they departed out of hand. 
Immediatly the mother caught the blazing bough away, 

And quenched it. This bough she kept full charely many a day : 600 

And in the keeping of the same she kept hir sonne alive. 
And now intending of his life him clearely to deprive, 
She brought it forth, and causing all the coales and shivers to 
Be layed by, she like a foe did kindle fire thereto. 
Fowre times she was about to cast the firebrand in the flame : 
Fowre times she pulled backe hir hand from doing of the same. 

171 



As moother and as sister both she strove what way to go : 

The divers names drew diversly hir stomacke to and fro. 

Hir face waxt often pale for feare of mischiefe to ensue : 

And often red about the eies through heatc of ire she grew. 610 

One while hir looke resembled one that threatned cruelnesse : 

Another while ye would have thought she minded pitiousnesse. 

And though the cruell burning of hir heart did drie hir teares, 

Yet burst out some. And as a Boate which tide contrarie beares 

Against the winde, feeles double force, and is compeld to yeelde 

To both : So Thesties daughter now unable for to weelde 

Hir doubtfull passions, diversly is caried of and on : 

And chaungeably she waxes calme, and stormes againe anon. 

But better sister ginneth she than mother for to be. 

And to thintent hir brothers ghostes with bloud to honor, she 620 

In meaning to be one way kinde, doth worke another way 

Against kinde. When the plagie fire waxt strong, she thus did say : 

Let this same fire my bowels burne. And as in cursed hands 

The fatall wood she holding at the Hellish Altar stands, 

She said : ye triple Goddesses of wreake, ye Helhounds three, 

Beholde ye all this furious fact and sacrifice of mee. 

I wreake, and do against all right : with death must death be payde : 

On mischiefe mischiefe must be heapt : on corse must corse be laide : 

Confounded let this wicked house with heaped sorrowes bee. 

Shall Oenie'yoy his happy sonne in honor for to see, 630 

And Thestie mourne bereft of his ? Nay : better yet it were, 

That eche with other companie in mourning you should beare. 

Ye brothers Ghostes and soules new dead, I wish no more, but you 

To feele the solemne obsequies which I prepare as now : 

And that mine ofiring you accept, which dearly I have bought, 

The yssue of my wretched wombe. Alas, alas what thought 

I for to doe ? brothers I besech you beare with me : 

I am his mother: so to doe my hands unable be. 

His trespasse I confesse deserves the stopping of his breath : 

But yet I doe not like that I be Author of his death. 640 

And shall he then with life and limme, and honor to, scape free, 

And vaunting in his good successe the King of Calidon bee, 

And you deare soules lie raked up but in a little dust ? 

I will not surely suffer it. But let the villaine trust 

That he shall die, and draw with him to ruine and decay 

His Kingdome, Countrie, and his Sire that doth upon him stay. 

Why, where is now the mothers heart and pitie that should raigne 

In Parents ? and the ten Monthes paines that once I did sustaine ? 

would to God thou burned had a babie in this brand, 

And that I had not tane it out and quencht it with my hand. 650 

That all this while thou lived hast, my goodnesse is the cause, 
And now most justly unto death thine owne desert thee drawes. 
Receive the guerdon of thy deede : and render thou agen 
Thy twice given life, by bearing first, and secondarly when 

1 caught f his firebrand from the flame : or else come deale with me 
As with my brothers, and with them let me entumbed be. 
I would, and cannot. What then shall I stand to in this case ? 

172 






One while my brothers corses seeme to prease before my face 
With lively Image of their deaths. Another while my minde 
Doth yeelde to pitie, and the name of mother doth me blinde. 660 

Now wo is me. To let you have the upper hand is sinne : 
But nerethelesse the upper hand O brothers doe you win, 
Condicionly that when that I to comfort you withall 
Have wrought this feate, my selfe to you resort in person shall. 
This sed, she turnde away hir face, and with a trembling hand 
Did cast the deathfull brand amid the burning fire. The brand 
Did eyther sigh, or seeme to sigh in burning in the flame, 
Which sorie and unwilling was to fasten on the same. 
Me/eager being absent and not knowing ought at all, 

Was burned with this flame: and felt his bowels to appall 670 

With secret fire. He bare out long the paine with courage stout. 
But yet it grieved him to die so cowardly, without 
The shedding of his bloud. He thought Aneeus for to be 
A happie man that dide of wound. With sighing called he 
Upon his aged father, and his sisters, and his brother, 
And lastly on his wife to, and by chaunce upon his mother. 
His paine encreased with the fire, and fell therewith againe : 
And at the selfe same instant quight extinguisht were both twaine. 
And as the ashes soft and hore by leysure overgrew 

The glowing coales : so leysurly his spirit from him drew. 680 

Then drouped stately Calydon. Both yong and olde did mourne : 
The Lords and Commons did lament : and maried wives with torne 
And tattred haire did crie alas. His father did beray 
His horie head and face with dust, and on the earth flat lay, \ 

Lamenting that he lived had to see that wofull day. J 

For now his mothers giltie hand had for that cursed crime 
Done execution on hirselfe by sword before hir time. 
If God to me a hundred mouthes with sounding tongues should send, 
And reason able to conceyve, and thereunto should lend 

Me all the grace of eloquence that ere the Muses had, 690 

I could not shew the wo wherewith his sisters were bestad. 
Unmindfull of their high estate, their naked brests they smit, 
Untill they made them blacke and blew. And while his bodie yit 
Remained, they did cherish it, and cherish it againe, 
They kist his bodie : yea they kist the chist that did containe 
His corse. And after that the corse was burnt to ashes, they 
Did presse his ashes with their brests : and downe along they lay 
Upon his tumb, and there embraste his name upon the stone, 
And fillde the letters of the same with teares that from them gone. 
At length Diana satisfide with slaughter brought upon 700 

The house of Oenie y lifts them up with fethers everichone 
(Save Gorgee and the daughtrinlaw of noble Alcmene) and 
Makes wings to stretch along their sides, and horned nebs to stand 
Upon their mouthes. And finally she altring quight their faire 
And native shape, in shape of Birds dooth send them through the Aire. 
The noble Theseus in this while with others having donne 
His part in killing of the Boare, too Athens ward begonne 
Too take his way. But Acheloy then being swolne with raine 

173 



Did stay him of his journey, and from passage him restraine. 

Of Athens valiant knight (quoth he) come underneath my roofe, 710 

And for to passe my raging streame as yet attempt no proofe. 

This brooke is woont whole trees too beare and evelong stones too carry 

With hideous roring down his streame. I oft have seene him harry 

Whole Shepcotes standing nere his banks, with flocks of sheepe therin : 

Nought booted buls their strength, nought steedes by swiftnes there could win. 

Yea many lustie men this brooke hath swallowed, when the snow 

From mountaines molten, caused him his banks too overflow. 

The best is for you for too rest untill the River fall 

Within his boundes : and runne ageine within his chanell small. 

Content (quoth Theseus) : Ache/oy, I will not sure refuse 720 

Thy counsell nor thy house. And so he both of them did use. 

Of Pommy hollowed diversly and ragged Pebble stone 

The walles were made. The floore with Mosse was soft to tread upon. 

The roofe thereof was checkerwise with shelles of Purple wrought 

And Perle. The Sunne then full two parts of day to end had brought, 

And Theseus downe to table sate with such as late before 

Had friendly borne him companie at killing of the Bore. 

A tone side sate Ixions sonne, and on the other sate 

The Prince of Troyzen, Le/ex, with a thin hearde horie pate, 

And then such other as the brooke of Atarnania did 730 

Vouchsafe the honor to his boord and table for to bid, 

Who was right glad of such a guest. Immediatly there came 

Barefooted Nymphes who brought in meate. And when that of the same 

The Lords had taken their repast, the meate away they tooke, 

And set downe wine in precious stones. Then Theseus who did looke 

Upon the Sea that underneath did lie within their sight, 

Said : tell us what is yonsame place, (and with his fingar right > 

Hee poynted thereuntoo) I pray, and what that Hand hight, 

Although it seemeth mo than one. The River answerd thus, 

It is not one mayne land alone that kenned is of us : 740 

There are uppon a fyve of them. The distaunce of the place, 

Dooth hinder too discerne betweene eche He the perfect space. 

And that the lesse yee woonder may at Phwbees act a late, 

To such as had neglected hir uppon contempt or hate, 

Theis lies were sumtyme Waternimphes : who having killed Neate, 

Twyce fyve, and called too theyr feast the Country Gods too eate, 

Forgetting mee kept frolicke cheere. At that gan I too swell, 

And ran more large than ever erst : and being over fell 

In stomacke and in streame, I rent the wood from wood, and feeld 

From feeld, & with the ground the Nymphes as then with stomacks meeld 750 

Remembring mee, I tumbled to the Sea. The waves of mee 

And of the sea the ground that erst all whole was wont too bee 

Did rend a sunder into all the lies you yonder see, 

And made a way for waters now too passe between them free. 

They now of Urchins have theyr name. But of theis Hands, one 

A great way of (behold yee) stands a great way of alone, 

As you may see. The Mariners doo call it Perimell. 

With her (she was as then a Nymph) so farre in love I fell, 

That of her maydenhod I hir spoyld : which thing displeasd so sore 

174 



Her father Sir Hippodamas, that from the craggy shore 760 

He threw her headlong downe to drowne her in the sea. But I 
Did latch her streight, and bearing her a flote did lowd thus crie. 

Neptune with thy threetynde Mace, who hast by lot the charge 
Of all the waters wylde that bound uppon the earth at large, 

To whom wee holy streames doo runne, in whom we take our end : 

Draw neere, and gently to my boone effectually attend. 

This Ladie whome I beare a flote myselfe hath hurt. Bee meeke 

And upright. If Hippodamas perchaunce were fatherleeke, 

Or if that he extremitie through outrage did not seeke, 

He oughted too have pitied her and for too beare with mee. 770 

Now help us Neptune 1 thee pray, and condescend that shee 

Whom from the land her fathers wrath and cruelnesse dooth chace, "j 

Who through her fathers cruelnesse is drownd : may find the grace > 

To have a place : or rather let hirselfe become a place, 

And I will still embrace the same. The King of Seas did move 

His head, and as a token that he did my sute approve, 

He made his surges all too shake. The Nymph was sore afrayd. 

Howbeet shee swam, and as shee swam, my hand I softly layd 

Upon her brest which quivered still. And whyle I toucht the same, 

1 sensibly did feele how all her body hard became: 780 
And how the earth did overgrow her bulk. And as I spake, 

New earth enclosde hir swimming limbes, which by and by did take 
Another shape, and grew intoo a mighty He. With that 
The River ceast, and all men there did woonder much thereat. . 
Pirithous being over hault of mynde and such a one 
As did despyse bothe God and man, did laugh them everychone 
Too scorne for giving credit, and sayd thus. The woords thou spaakst 
Are feyned fancies Acheloy: and overstrong thou maakst 
The Gods : to say that they can give and take way shapes. This scoflfe 
Did make the heerers all amazde, for none did like thereof. 790 

And Lelex of them all the man most rype in yeeres and wit, 
Sayd thus. Unmeasurable is the powre of heaven, and it 
Can have none end. And looke what God dooth mynd too bring about, 
Must take effect. And in this case too put yee out of dout, 

Upon the hilles of Phrygie neere a Teyle there stands a tree 
Of Oke enclosed with a wall. Myself the place did see. 
For Pithey untoo Pelops feelds did send mee where his father 
Did sumtyme reigne. Not farre fro thence there is a poole which rather 
Had bene dry ground inhabited. But now it is a meare 

And Moorecoks, Cootes, and Cormorants doo breede and nestle there. 800 

The mightie Jove and Mercurie his sonne in shape of men 
Resorted thither on a tyme. A thousand houses when 
For roome too lodge in they had sought, a thousand houses bard 
Theyr doores against them. Nerethelesse one Cotage afterward 
Receyved them, and that was but a pelting one in deede. 
The roofe therof was thatched all with straw and fennish reede. 
Howbeet twoo honest auncient folke, (of whom shee Baucis hight 
And he Philemon) in that Cote theyr fayth in youth had plight : 
And in that Cote had spent theyr age. And for they paciently 
Did beare their simple povertie, they made it light thereby, 810 

*75 



And shewed it no thinge to bee repyned at at all. 

It skilles not whether there for Hyndes or Maister you doo call, 

For all the houshold were but two : and both of them obeyde, 

And both commaunded. When the Gods at this same Cotage staid, 

And ducking downe their heads, within the low made Wicket came, 

Philemon bringing ech a stoole, bade rest upon the same 

Their limmes : and busie Baucis brought them quishons homely geere. 

Which done, the embers on the harth she gan abrode to steere, 

And laid the coales togither that were raakt up overnight, 

And with the brands and dried leaves did make them gather might, > 820 

And with the blowing of hir mouth did make them kindle bright. J 

Then from an inner house she fetcht seare sticks and clifted brands, 

And put them broken underneath a Skillet with hir hands. 

Hir Husband from their Gardenplot fetcht Coleworts. Of the which 

She shreaded small the leaves, and with a Forke tooke downe a flitche 

Of restie Bacon from the Balke made blacke with smoke, and cut 

A peece thereof, and in the pan to boyling did it put. 

And while this meate a seething was, the time in talke they spent, 

By meanes whereof away without much tedousnesse it went. 

There hung a Boawle of Beeche upon a spirget by a ring. 830 

The same with warmed water filld the twoo old folke did bring 

To bathe their guests foule feete therein. Amid the house there stood 

A Couch whose bottom sides and feete were all of Sallow wood, 

And on the same a Mat of Sedge. They cast upon this bed 

A covering which was never wont upon it too be spred 

Except it were at solemne feastes : and yet the same was olde 

And of the coursest, with a bed of sallow meete to holde. 

The Gods sate downe. The aged wife right chare and busie as 

A Bee, set out a table, of the which the thirde foote was 

A little shorter than the rest. A tylesherd made it even 840 

And tooke away the shoringnesse : and when they had it driven 

To stand up levell, with greene Mintes they by and by it wipte. 

Then set they on it # Pallas fruite with dubble colour stripte, Olyfs. 

And Cornels kept in pickle moyst, and Endive, and a roote 

Of Radish, and a jolly lump of Butter fresh and soote, 

And Egges reare rosted. AH these Cates in earthen dishes came. 

Then set they downe a graven cup made also of the same 

Selfe kinde of Plate, and Mazers made of Beech, whose inner syde 

Was rubd with yellow wax. And when they pawsed had a tyde, 

Whote meate came pyping from the fyre. And shortly thereupon 850 

A cup of greene hedg wyne was brought. This tane away, anon 

Came in the latter course, which was of Nuts, Dates, dryed figges, 

Sweete smelling Apples in a Mawnd made flat of Oysyer twigges. 

And Prunes and Plums and Purple grapes cut newly from the tree, 

And in the midst a honnycomb new taken from the Bee. 

Besydes all this there did ensew good countnance overmore, 

With will not poore nor nigardly. Now all the whyle before, 

As often as Philemon and Dame Baucis did perceyve 

The emptle Cup to fill alone, and wyne too still receyve, 

Amazed at the straungenesse of the thing, they gan streyght way 860 

With fearfull harts and hands hilld up too frame themselves too pray, 

176 



Desyring for theyr slender cheere and fare too pardoned bee ; 

They had but one poore Goose which kept theyr little Tennantree, 

And this too offer too the Gods theyr guestes they did intend. 

The Gander wyght of wing did make the slow old folke too spend 

Theyr paynes in vayne, and mokt them long. At length he seemd too flye 

For succor too the Gods themselves, who bade he should not dye, 

For wee bee Gods (quoth they) and all this wicked towneship shall 

Abye their gylt. On you alone this mischeef shall not fall. 

No more but give you up your house, and follow up this hill 870 

Toogither, and upon the top thereof abyde our will. 

They bothe obeyd. And as the Gods did lead the way before, 

They lagged slowly after with theyr staves, and labored sore > 

Ageinst the rysing of the hill. They were not mickle more J 

Than full a flyghtshot from the top, when looking backe they saw 

How all the towne was drowned save their lyttle shed of straw. 

And as they woondred at the thing and did bewayle the case 

Of those that had their neyghbours beene, the old poore Cote so base 

Whereof they had beene owners erst, became a Church. The proppes 

Were turned into pillars howge: The straw uppon the toppes 880 

Was yellow, so that all the roof did seeme of burnisht gold : 

The floore with Marble paved was : The doores on eyther fold 

Were graven. At the sight hereof Philemon and his make 

Began too pray in feare. Then Jove thus gently them bespake. 

Declare thou ryghtuowse man, and thou O woman meete too have 

A ryghtuowse howsband what yee would most cheefly wish or crave. 

Philemon taking conference a little with his wyfe, 

Declared bothe theyr meenings thus. We covet during lyfe, 

Your Chapleynes for too bee too keepe your Temple. And bycause 

Our yeeres in concord wee have spent, I pray when death neere drawes 890 

Let bothe of us toogither leave our lives : that neyther I 

Behold my wyves deceace, nor shee see myne when I doo dye. 

Theyr wish had sequele to theyr wyll. As long as lyfe did last, 

They kept the Church. And beeing spent with age of yeares forepast, 

By chaunce as standing on a tyme without the Temple doore 

They told the fortune of the place, Philemon old and poore 

Saw Baucis floorish greene with leaves, and Baucis saw likewyse 

Philemon braunching out in boughes and twigs before hir eyes. 

And as the Bark did overgrow the heades of bothe, eche spake 

Too other whyle they myght. At last they eche of them did take 900 

Theyr leave of other bothe at once, and therewithall the bark 

Did hyde theyr faces both at once. The Phrygians in that park 

Doo at this present day still shew the trees that shaped were 

Of theyr twoo bodies, growing yit togither joyntly there. 

Theis things did auncient men report of credit verie good. 

For why there was no cause why they should lye. As I there stood 

I saw the garlands hanging on the boughes, and adding new 

I sayd let them whom God dooth love be Gods, and honor dew > 

Bee given to such as honor him with feare and reverence trew. J 

He hilld his peace, and bothe the thing and he that did it tell 910 

Did move them all, but Theseus most. Whom being mynded well 
To heere of wondrous things, the brooke of Calydon thus bespake. 

2 A I77 



There are O valiant knyght sum folke that had the powre too take 

Straunge shape for once, and all their lyves continewed in the same, 

And othersum to sundrie shapes have power themselves to frame, 

As thou O Pro tew dwelling in the sea that cleepes the land. 

For now a yoonker, now a boare, anon a Lyon, and 

Streyght way thou didst become a Snake, and by and by a Bull, 

That people were afrayd of thee too see thy horned skull. 

And oftentymes thou seemde a stone, and now and then a tree, 920 

And counterfeiting water sheere thou seemedst oft to bee 

A River : and another whyle contrarie thereuntoo 

Thou wart a fyre. No lesser power than also thus too doo 

Had Erisicthons daughter whom Awtolychus tooke to wyfe. 

Hir father was a person that despysed all his lyfe 

The powre of Gods, and never did vouchsauf them sacrifyse. 

He also is reported too have heawen in wicked wyse 

The grove or Ceres, and to fell her holy woods which ay 

Had undiminisht and unhackt continewed to that day. 

There stood in it a warrie Oke which was a wood alone. 930 

Uppon it round hung fillets, crownes, and tables, many one, 

The vowes of such as had obteynd theyr hearts desyre. Full oft 

The Woodnymphes underneath this tree did fetch theyr frisks aloft, 

And oftentymes with hand in hand they daunced in a round 

About the Trunk, whose bignesse was of timber good and sound 

Full fifteene fadom. All the trees within the wood besyde, 

Were untoo this, as weedes to them : so farre it did them hyde. 

Yit could not this move Triops sonne his axe therefro too hold, 

But bade his servants cut it downe. And when he did behold 

Them stunting at his hest, he snatcht an axe with furious mood 940 

From one of them, and wickedly sayd thus. Although thys wood 

Not only were the derling of the Goddesse, but also 

The Goddesse even herself: yet would I make it ere I go 

Too kisse the clowers with hir top that pranks with braunches so. 

This spoken, as he sweakt his axe asyde to fetch his blow, 

The manast Oke did quake and sygh, the Acornes that did grow 

Thereon toogither with the leaves too wex full pale began, 

And shrinking in for feare the boughes and braunches looked wan. 

Assoone as that his cursed hand had wounded once the tree, 

The blood came spinning from the carf, as freshly as yee see 950 

It issue from a Bullocks necke whose throte is newly cut 

Before the Altar, when his flesh to sacrifyse is put. 

They were amazed everychone. And one among them all 

Too let the wicked act, durst from the tree his hatchet call. 

The lewd Thessalian facing him sayd : Take thou heere too thee 

The guerdon of thy godlynesse : and turning from the tree, 

He chopped of the fellowes head. Which done, he went agen 

And heawed on the Oke. Streight from amid the tree as then 

There issued such a sound as this. Within this tree dwell I 

A Nymph too Ceres very deere, who now before I dye 960 

In comfort of my death doo give thee warning thou shalt bye 

Thy dooing deere within a whyle. He goeth wilfully 

Still thorrough with his wickednesse, untill at length the Oke 



178 



Pulld partly by the force of ropes, and cut with axes stroke, 

Did fall, and with his weyght bare downe of under wood great store. 

The Woodnymphes with the losses of the woods and theyrs right sore 

Amazed, gathered on a knot, and all in mourning weede 

Went sad too Ceres, praying her too wreake that wicked deede 

Of Erisicthons. Ceres was content it should bee so. 

And with the mooving of her head in nodding too and fro, 970 

She shooke the feeldes which laden were with frutefull Harvest tho. 

And therewithall a punishment most piteous shee proceedes 

Too put in practyse : were it not that his most heynous deedes, 

No pitie did deserve to have at any bodies hand. 

With helplesse hungar him to pyne, in purpose shee did stand. 

And forasmuch as shee herself and famin myght not meete, 

(For fate forbiddeth famin too abyde within the leete 

Where plentie is) she thus bespake a fayrie of the hill. 

There lyeth in the utmost bounds of Tartarie the chill 

A Dreerie place, a wretched soyle, a barreine plot : no grayne, 980 

No frute, no tree, is growing there : but there dooth ay remayne 

Unweeldsome cold, with trembling feare, and palenesse white as clowt, 

And foodlesse famin. Will thou her immediatly withowt 

Delay too shed hirself intoo the stomacke of the wretch, 

And let no plentie staunch her force, but let her working stretch 

Above the powre of mee. And least the longnesse of the way 

May make thee wearie, take thou heere my charyot : take I say 

My draggons for to beare thee through the aire. In saying so 

She gave hir them. The Nymph mounts up : and flying thence as tho 

Alyghts in Seythy land, and up the cragged top of hye "| 990 

Mount Caucasus did cause hir Snakes with much a doo too stye, ^ 

Where seeking long for famin, shee the gaptoothd elfe did spye 

Amid a barreine stony feeld a ramping up the grasse 

With ougly nayles, and chanking it. Her face pale colourd was. 

Hir heare was harsh and shirle, her eyes were sunken in her head. 

Her lyppes were hore with filth, her teeth were furd and rusty read ; 

Her skinne was starched, and so sheere a man myght well espye 

The verie bowels in her bulk how every one did lye. 

And eke above her coorbed loynes her withered hippes were seene. "j 

In stead of belly was a space where belly should have beene. > 1000 

Her brest did hang so sagging downe as that a man would weene J 

That scarcely to her ridgebone had hir ribbes beene fastened well ; 

Her leannesse made her joynts bolne big, and kneepannes for too swell, 

And with exceeding mighty knubs her heeles behynd boynd out. 

Now when the Nymph behild this elfe a farre (she was in dout 

Too come too neere her :) shee declarde her Ladies message. And 

In that same little whyle although the Nymph aloof did stand, 

And though shee were but newly come, yit seemed shee too feele 

The force of famin. Whereuppon shee turning backe her wheele 

Did reyne her dragons up aloft: who streyght with courage free 1010 

Conveyd her into Thessaly. Although that famin bee > 

Ay contrarye too Ceres woork : yit did shee then agree J 

Too doo her will, and glyding through the Ayre supported by 

The wynd, shee found thappoynted house : and entring by and by 

179 



The caytifs chamber where he slept (it was in tyme of nyght) 

Shee hugged him betweene her armes there snorting bolt upryght. 

And breathing her into him, blew uppon his face and brest, 

That hungar in his emptie veynes myght woorke as hee did rest. 

And when she had accomplished her charge, shee then forsooke 

The frutefull Clymates of the world, and home ageine betooke 1020 

Herselfe untoo her frutelesse feeldes and former dwelling place. 

The gentle sleep did all this whyle with fethers soft embrace 

The wretched Erisicthons corse. Who dreaming streight of meate 

Did stirre his hungry jawes in vayne as though he had too eate : 

And chanking tooth on tooth a pace he gryndes them in his head, 

And occupies his emptie throte with swallowing, and in stead 

Of food devoures the lither ayre. But when that sleepe with nyght 

Was shaken of, immediatly a furious appetite 

Of feeding gan too rage in him, which in his greedy gummes 

And in his meatlesse maw dooth reigne unstauncht. Anon there cummes 1030 

Before him whatsoever lives on sea, in aire or land : 

And yit he crieth still for more. And though the platters stand 

Before his face full furnished, yit dooth he still complayne 

Of hungar, craving meate at meale. The food that would susteine 

Whole householdes, Towneships, Shyres and Realmes suffyce not him alone : 

The more his pampred paunch consumes the more it maketh mone. 

And as the sea receyves the brookes of all the worldly Realmes, 

And yit is never satisfyde for all the forreine streames : 

And as the fell and ravening fyre refuseth never wood, 

But burneth faggots numberlesse, and with a furious mood 1040 

The more it hath, the more it still desyreth evermore, 

Encreacing in devouring through encreasement of the store : 

So wicked Erisicthons mouth in swallowing of his meate 

Was ever hungry more and more, and longed ay to eate. 

Meate tolld in meate : and as he ate the place was empty still. 

The hungar of his brinklesse Maw the gulf that nowght might fill 

Had brought his fathers goods too nowght. But yit continewed ay 

His cursed hungar unappeasd : and nothing could alay 

The flaming of his starved throte. At length when all was spent, 

And intoo his unfilled Maw both goods and lands were sent : 1050 

An only daughter did remayne unworthy too have had 

So lewd a father. Hir he sold, so hard he was bestad. 

But shee of gentle courage could no bondage well abyde. 

And therfore stretching out her hands too seaward there besyde, 

Now save mee quoth shee from the yoke of bondage I thee pray, 

thou that my virginitie enjoyest as a pray. 
Neptunus had it : Who too this her prayer did consent. 

And though her maister looking backe (for after him shee went) 

Had newly seene her : yit he turnd hir shape and made hir man, 

And gave her looke of fisherman. Her mayster looking than 1060 

Upon hir, sayd. Good fellow thou that on the shore doost stand 

With angling rod and bayted hooke and hanging lyne in hand, 

1 pray thee as thou doost desyre the Sea ay calme too thee, 
And fishes for to byght thy bayt, and striken still too bee, 
Tell where the frizzletopped wench in course and sluttish geere, 

180 



That stoode right now uppon this shore (for well I wote that heere 

I saw her standing) is become. For further than this place 

No footestep is appering. Shee perceyving by the cace 

That Neptunes gift made well with her, and beeing glad too see 

Herselfe enquyrd for of herselfe, sayd thus: who ere you bee 1070 

I pray you for too pardon mee. I turned not myne eye 

A tonesyde ne a toother from this place, but did apply 

My labor hard. And that you may the lesser stand in dowt, 

So Neptune further still the Art and craft I go abowt, 

As now a whyle no living Wyght uppon this levell sand 

(Myself excepted) neyther man nor woman heere did stand. 

Her maister did beleeve her words : and turning backward went 

His way beguyld : and streight too her her native shape was sent. 

But when her father did perceyve his daughter for too have 

A bodye so transformable, he oftentymes her gave 1080 

For monny, but the damzell still escaped, now a Mare, 

And now a Cow, and now a Bird, a Hart, a Hynd, or Hare, > 

And ever fed her hungry Syre with undeserved fare. J 

But after that the maladie had wasted all the meates 

As well of store as that which shee had purchast by hir feates : 

Most cursed keytife as he was, with bighting hee did rend 

His flesh, and by diminishing his bodye did intend 

To feede his bodye, till that death did speed his fatall end. 

But what meene I too busye mee in forreine matters thus ? 

Too alter shapes within precinct is lawfull even too us 1090 

My Lords. For sumtime I am such as you doo now mee see : 

Sumtyme I wynd mee in a Snake : and oft I seeme too bee > 

A Capteine of the herd with homes. For taking homes on mee, J 

1 lost a tyne which heeretoofore did arme mee, as the print 

Dooth playnly shew. With that same word he syghed and did stint. 



Finis octavi Libri. 



181 




THE NINTH BOOKE 

of Ovids Metamorphosis. 

fHAT ayleth thee (quoth Theseus) too sygh so sore ? and how 
Befell it thee to get this mayme that is uppon thy brow ? 
The noble streame of Calydon made answer, who did weare 
A Garland made of reedes and flags upon his sedgie heare. 
A greevous pennance you enjoyne, for who would gladly show 
The combats in the which himself did take the overthrow ? 
Yit will I make a just report in order of the same. 
For why ? too have the woorser hand was not so great a shame, 
As was the honor such a match too undertake. And much 
It comforts mee that he who did mee overcome, was such 10 

A valiant champion. If perchaunce you erst have heard the name 
Of Deyanyre : the fayrest Mayd that ever God did frame 
Shee was in myne opinion. And the hope too win her love 
Did mickle envy and debate among hir wooers move. 
With whome I entring too the house of him that should have bee 
My fathrilaw, Parthaons sonne (I sayd) accept thou mee 
Thy Sonnylaw. And Hercules in selfe same sort did woo. 
And all the other suters streight gave place untoo us twoo. 
He vaunted of his father Jove, and of his famous deedes, 

And how ageinst his stepdames spyght his prowesse still proceedes. 20 

And I ageine a toother side sayd thus. It is a shame 
That God should yeeld too man. (This stryfe was long ere he became 
A God). Thou seeist me a Lord of waters in thy Realme 
Where I in wyde and wynding banks doo beare my flowing streame. 
No straunger shalt thou have of mee sent farre from forreine land : 
But one of household, or at least a neyghbour heere at hand. 
Alonly let it bee too mee no hindrance that the wyfe 
Of Jove abhorres mee not, ne that upon the paine of lyfe 
Shee sets mee not too task. For where thou bostest thee too bee 
Alcmenas sonne, Jove eyther is not father unto thee : 30 

Or if he bee, it is by sin. In making Jove thy father, 

Thou maakst thy moother but a whoore. Now choose thee whither rather 
Thou had too graunt this tale of Jove surmised for too bee, 
Or else thy selfe begot in shame and borne in bastardee. 

At that he grimly bendes his browes, and much a doo he hath 
Too hold his hands, so sore his hart inflamed is with wrath. 
He said no more but thus : My hand dooth serve mee better than 
My toong. Content I am (so I in feighting vanquish can) > 

That thou shalt overcome in wordes. And therewithall he gan J 

Mee feercely to assaile. Mee thought it was a shame for mee 40 

That had even now so stoutly talkt, in dooings faint to bee. 
I casting of my greenish cloke thrust stifly out at length 
Mine amies, and streynd my pawing handes too hold him out by strength, 
And framed every limme too cope. With both his hollow hands 
He caught up dust and sprincked mee : and I likewise with sands 

182 



Made him all yelow too. One whyle hee at my necke doth snatch : 

Another whyle my cleere crisp legges he striveth for too catch, ^ 

Or trippes at mee : and everywhere the vauntage he dooth watch. J 

My weightinesse defended mee, and cleerly did disfeate 

His stout assaults, as when a wave with hideous noyse doth beate 50 

Against a Rocke, the Rocke dooth still both sauf and sound abyde 

By reason of his massinesse. Wee drew a whyle a syde : 

And then incountring fresh ageine, wee kept our places stowt, 

Full minded not too yeeld an ynch, but for too hold it owt. 

Now were wee stonding foote too foote. And I with all my brest 

Was leaning forward, and with head ageinst his head did rest, 

And with my gryping fingars I ageinst his fingars thrust. 

So have I seene twoo myghtie Bulles togither feercely just 

In seeking as their pryse to have the fayrest Cow in all 

The feeld too bee their make, and all the herd bothe great and small 60 

Stand gazing on them fearfully not knowing untoo which 

The conquest of so greate a gayne shall fall. Three tymes a twich 

Gave Hercules and could not wrinch my leaning brest him fro : 

But at the fourth he shooke mee of and made mee too let go 

My hold : and with a push (I will tell truthe) he had a knacke 

Too turne me of, and heavily he hung upon my backe. 

And if I may beleeved bee (as sure I meene not I 

To vaunt my selfe vayngloriously by telling of a lye,) 

Mee thought a mountaine whelmed me. But yit with much a doo 

I wrested in my sweating armes, and hardly did undoo 70 

His griping hands. He following still his vauntage, suffred not 

Mee once too breath or gather strength, but by and by he got 

Mee by the necke. Then was I fayne too sinke with knee too ground, 

And kisse the dust. Now when in strength too weake myself I found, 

I tooke mee too my slights, and slipt in shape of Snake away 

Of woondrous length. And when that I of purpose him too fray 

Did bend myself in swelling rolles, and made a hideous noyse 

Of hissing with my forked toong, he smyling at my toyes, 

And laughing them to scorne sayd thus. It is my Cradle game 

To vanquish Snakes O Acheloy. Admit thou overcame 80 

All other Snakes, yet what art thou compared too the Snake 

Of Lerna, who by cutting of did still encreasement take? 

For of a hundred heades not one so soone was paarde away, 

But that uppon the stump therof there budded other tway. 

This sprouting Snake whose braunching heads by slaughter did revive 

And grow by cropping, I subdewd, and made it could not thryve. 

And thinkest thou (who being none wouldst seeme a Snake) too scape ? 

Who doost with foorged weapons feyght and under borowed shape? > 

This sayd, his fingars of my necke he fastned in the nape. J 

Mee thought he graand my throte as though he did with pinsons nip : 90 

I struggled from his churlish thumbes my pinched chappes too slip : 

But doo the best and worst I could, he overcame mee so. 

Then thirdly did remayne the shape of Bull, and quickly tho > 

I turning too the shape of Bull rebelld ageinst my fo. J 

He stepping too my left syde cloce, did fold his armes about 

My wattled necke, and following mee then running maynely out 

183 



Did drag mcc backe, and made mee pitch my homes against the ground, 
And in the deepest of the sand he overthrew mee round. 
And yit not so content, such hold his cruell hand did take 

Uppon my welked home, that he a sunder quight it brake, xoo 

And pulld it from my maymed brew. The waterfayries came 
And filling it with frute and flowres did consecrate the same, 
And so my home the Tresory of plenteousnesse became. 
Assoone as Acheloy had told this tale a wayting Mayd 
With flaring heare that lay on both hir shoulders, and arayd 
Like one of Dame Dianas Nymphes, with solemne grace forth came 
And brought that rich and precious home, and heaped in the same 
All kynd of frutes that Harvest sendes, and specially such frute 
As serves for latter course at meales of every sort and sute. 

Assoone as daylight came ageine, and that the Sunny rayes 1 10 

Did shyne upon the tops of things, the Princes went their wayes. 
They would not tarry till the floud were altogither falne, 
And that the River in his banks ran low ageine and calme. 
Then Acheloy amid his waves his Crabtree face did hyde 
And head disarmed of a home. And though he did abyde 
In all parts else bothe sauf and sound, yit this deformitye 
Did cut his comb : and for to hyde this blemish from the eye, 
He hydes his hurt with Sallow leaves, or else with sedge and reede. 

But of the selfsame Mayd the love killd thee feerce Nesse in deede, \ 
When percing swiftly through thy back an arrow made thee bleede. J 120 
For as Joves issue with his wyfe was onward on his way 
In going too his countryward, enforst he was too stay 
At swift Euenus bank, bycause the streame was risen sore 
Above his bounds through rage of rayne that fell but late before. 
Agein so full of whoorlpooles and of guiles the channell was, 
That scarce a man could any where fynd place of passage. As 
Not caring for himself but for hys wyfe he there did stand, 
This Nessus came unto him (who was strong of body and 
Knew well the foordes,) and sayd use thou thy strength O Hercules 
In swimming. I will fynd the meanes this Ladie shall with ease 130 

Bee set uppon the further bank. So Hercules betooke 
His wyfe too Nessus. Shee for feare of him and of the brooke 
Lookte pale. Her husband as he had his quiver by his syde 
Of arrowes full, and on his backe his heavy Lyons hyde, 
(For too the further bank he urst his club and bow had cast) 
Said. Sith I have begonne, this brooke bothe must and shal bee past. 
He never casteth further douts, nor seekes the calmest place, 
But through the roughest of the streame he cuts his way a pace. 
Now as he on the furthersyde was taking up his bow, 

He heard his wedlocke shreeking out, and did hir calling know: 140 

And cryde to Nesse (who went about to deale unfaythfully 
In running with his charge away) Hoawe whither doost thou fly 
Thou Royster thou, uppon vaine hope by swiftnesse too escape 
My hands ? I say give eare thou Nesse for all thy double shape, 
And meddle not with that thats myne. Though no regard of mee 
Might move thee too refrayne from rape, thy rather yit might bee 
A warning, who for ofrring shame too Juno now dooth feele 

184 



Continuall torment in his limbes by turning on a wheele. 

For all that thou hast horses feete which doo so bolde thee make, 

Yit shalt thou not escape my hands. I will thee overtake > 150 

With wound and not with feete. He did according as he spake. 

For with an arrow as he fled he strake him through the backe, 

And out before his brist ageine the hooked iron stacke, 

And when the same was pulled out, the blood a mayne ensewd 

At both the holes with poyson foule of Lerna Snake embrewd : 

This blood did Nessus take, and said within himselfe : well : sith 

I needes must dye, yet will I not dye unrevendgd. And with 

The same he staynd a shirt, and gave it unto Dyanyre, 

Assuring hir it had the powre too kindle Cupids fyre. 

A greate whyle after when the deedes of worthy Hercules 1 60 

Were such as filled all the world, and also did appease 
The hatred of his stepmother : As he uppon a day 
With conquest from Qechalia came, and was abowt to pay 
His vowes to Jove upon the Mount of Cenye: tatling fame 
(Who in reporting things of truth delyghts too sauce the same 
With tales, and of a thing of nowght dooth ever greater grow 
Through false and newly forged lyes that shee hirself dooth sow) 
Told Dyanyre that Hercules did cast a liking too 
A Ladie called Islee. And Dyanyra (whoo 

Was jealous over Hercules?) gave credit too the same. 170 

And when that of a Leman first the tidings too hir came, 
She being striken too the hart, did fall too teares alone, 
And in a lamentable wise did make most wofull mone. 

Anon she said : what meene theis teares thus gushing from myne eyen ? 

My husbands Leman will rejoyce at theis same teares of myne. 
Nay, sith she is too come, the best it were too shonne delay, 
And for too woork sum new devyce and practyse whyle I may, > 

Beefore that in my bed hir limbes the filthy strumpet lay. J 

And shall I then complayne ? or shall I hold my toong with skill ? 
Shall I returne too Calydon ? or shall I tarry still ? > 1 80 

Or shall I get me out of doores, and let them have their will? J 

What if that I (Meleager) remembring mee too bee 

Thy suster, too attempt sum act notorious did agree ? > 

And in a harlots death did shew (that all the world myght see) J 

What greef can cause the womankynd too enterpryse among ? 
And specially when thereuntoo they forced are by wrong. > 

With wavering thoughts ryght violently hir mynd was tossed long. J 

At last shee did preferre before all others, for too send 
The shirt bestayned with the blood of Nessus t too the end 

Too quicken up the quayling love. And so not knowing what 190 

She gave, she gave her owne remorse and greef too Lychas, that 
Did know as little as herself: and wretched woman, shee 
Desyrd him gently too her Lord presented it too see. 
The noble Prince receyving it without mistrust therein, 
Did weare the poyson of the Snake of Lerna next his skin. 

Too offer incense and too pray too Jove he did begin, 

And on the Marble Altar he full boawles of wyne did shed, 
When as the poyson with the heate resolving, largely spred 

2 b 185 



} 



Through all the limbes of Hercules. As long as ere he could, 

The stoutnesse of his hart was such, that sygh no whit he would. 200 

But when the mischeef grew so great all pacience too surmount, 

He thrust the altar from him streight, and filled all the mount 

Of Oeta with his roring out. He went about too teare 

The deathfull garment from his backe : but where he pulled, there 

He pulld away the skin : and (which is lothsum too report) 

It cyther cleaved to his limbes and members in such sort 

As that he could not pull it of, or else it tare away 

The flesh, that bare his myghty bones and grisly sinewes lay. 

The scalding venim boyling in his blood, did make it hisse, 

As when a gad of Steele red whot in water quenched is. 210 

There was no measure of his paine. The frying venim hent 

His inwards, and a purple swet from all his body went. 

His sindged sinewes shrinking crakt, and with a secret strength 

The poyson even within his bones the Maree melts at length. 

Then holding up his hands too heaven he sayd with hideous reere : 

O Saturnes daughter feede thy selfe on my distresses heere. 

Yea feede, and cruell wyght this plage behold thou from above, 
And glut thy savage hart therewith. Or if thy fo may move 
Thee untoo pitie, (for too thee I am an utter fo) 

Bereeve mee of my hatefull soule distrest with helplesse wo, 220 

And borne too endlesse toyle. For death shall untoo mee bee sweete, 
And for a cruell stepmother is death a gift most meete. 
And is it I that did destroy Busiris who did foyle 
His temple floores with straungers blood? 1st I that did dispoyle 
Attteus of his moothers help ? 1st I that could not bee 
Abashed at the Spanyard who in one had bodies three ? 
Nor at the trypleheaded shape O Cerberus of thee ? 
Are you the hands that by the homes the Bull of Candie drew ? 
Did you king Augies stable clenze whom afterward yee slew ? 
Are you the same by whom the fowles were scaard from Stymphaly? 230 

Caught you the Stag in Maydenwood which did not run but fly ? 
Are you the hands whose puissance receyved for your pay 
The golden belt of Thermodon ? Did you convey away > 

The Apples from the Dragon fell that waked nyght and day ? J 

Ageinst the force of mee, defence the Centaures could not make. 
Nor yit the Boare of Arcadie; nor yit the ougly Snake 
Of Lerna, who by losse did grow and dooble force still take. 
What ? is it I that did behold the pampred Jades of Thrace 
With Maungers full of flesh of men on which they fed a pace ? 
1st I that downe at syght thereof theyr greazy Maungers threw, 240 

And bothe the fatted Jades themselves and eke their mayster slew? 
The Nemean Lyon by theis armes lyes dead uppon the ground. 
Theis armes the monstruous Giant Cake by Tyber did confound. 
Uppon theis shoulders have I borne the weyght of all the skie. 
Joves cruell wyfe is weerye of commaunding mee. Yit 1 
Unweerie am of dooing still. But now on mee is lyght 
An uncoth plage, which neyther force of hande, nor vertues myght, 
Nor Arte is able too resist. Like wasting fyre it spreedes 
Among myne inwards, and through out on all my body feedes. 

186 



} 



But all this whyle Eurysthye lives in health. And sum men may "1 250 

Beleeve there bee sum Goddes in deede. Thus much did Hercule say. I 
And wounded over Oeta hygh, he stalking gan too stray, 
As when a Bull in maymed bulk, a deadly Dart dooth beare, 
And that the dooer of the deede is shrunke asyde for feare. 
Oft syghing myght you him have seene, oft trembling, oft about 
Too teare the garment with his hands from top too to throughout. 
And throwing downe the myghtye trees, and chaufing with the hilles, 
Or casting up his handes too heaven where Jove his father dwelles. 
Behold, as Lychas trembling in a hollow rock did lurk, 

He spyed him. And as his greef did all in furie woork, 260 

He sayd. Art thou syr Lychas he that broughtest untoo mee 
This plagye present? of my death must thou the woorker bee? 
Hee quaakt and shaakt, and looked pale, and fearfully gan make 
Excuse. But as with humbled hands hee kneeling too him spake, 
The furious Hercule caught him up, and swindging him about 
His head a halfe a doozen tymes or more, he floong him out 
Into th' 'Euboyan sea with force surmounting any sling. 
He hardened intoo peble stone as in the ayre he hing. 
And even as rayne conjeald by wynd is sayd too turne too snowe, 
And of the snow round rolled up a thicker masse too growe, 270 

Which falleth downe in hayle : so men in auncient tyme report, 
That Lychas beeing swindgd about by violence in that sort, 
(His blood then beeing drayned out, and having left at all 
No moysture) intoo peble stone was turned in his fall. 
Now also in th' Euboyan sea appeeres a hygh short rocke 
In shape of man ageinst the which the shipmen shun too knocke, 
As though it could them feele, and they doo call it by the name 277 

Of Lychas still. But thou Joves imp of great renowme and fame, \ 

Didst fell the trees of Oeta high and making of the same 

A pyle, didst give too * Pceans sonne thy quiver and thy bow, Philoctete 

And arrowes which should help agein Troy towne too overthrow . 
He put too fyre, and as the same was kindling in the pyle, 
Thy selfe didst spred thy Lyons skin upon the wood the whyle, 
And leaning with thy head ageinst thy Club, thou laydst thee downe 
As cheerfully, as if with flowres and garlonds on thy crowne 285 

Thou hadst beene set a banquetting among full cups of wyne. 
Anon on every syde about those carelesse limbes of thyne 
The fyre began too gather strength, and crackling noyse did make, 
Assayling him whose noble hart for daliance did it take. 

The Goddes for this defender of the earth were sore afrayd, 290 

Too whom with cheerefull countnance Jove perceyving it thus sayd. 
This feare of yours is my delyght, and gladly even with all 
My hart I doo rejoyce Gods that mortall folk mee call 
Their king and father, thinking mee ay myndfull of their weale, 
And that myne ofspring should doo well your selves doo show such zeale. 
For though that you doo attribute your favor too desert, 
Considring his most woondrous acts : yit I too for my part 
Am bound untoo you. Nerethelesse, for that I would not have 
Your faythfull harts without just cause in fearfull passions wave, 
I would not have you of the flames in Oeta make account. 300 

187 



For as he hath all other things, so shall he them surmount. 

Save only on that part that he hath taken of his mother, 

The fyre shall have no power at all. Eternall is the tother, 

The which he takes of mee, and cannot dye, ne yeeld too fyre. 

When this is rid from earthly drosse, then will I lift it hygher, 

And take it intoo heaven : and I beleeve this deede of myne 

Will gladsome bee to all the Gods. If any doo repyne, 

If any doo repyne I say that Hercule should become 

A God, repyne he still for mee, and looke he sowre and glum. 

But let him know that Hercules deserveth this reward, 310 

And that he shall ageinst his will alow it afterward. 

The Gods assented everychone. And Juno seemd too make 

No evill countnance too the rest, untill hir husband spake 

The last, for then her looke was such as well they might perceyve, 

Shee did her husbands noting her in evill part conceyve. 

Whyle Jove was talking with the Gods, as much as fyre could waste 
So much had fyre consumde. And now O Hercules thou haste 
No carkesse for too know thee by. That part is quyght bereft 
Which of thy mother thou didst take. Alonly now is left 

The likenesse that thou tookst of Jove. And as the Serpent slye 320 

In casting of his withered slough, renewes his yeeres thereby, 
And wexeth lustyer than before, and looketh crisp and bryght 
With scoured scales : so Hercules as soone as that his spryght 
Had left his mortall limbes, gan in his better part too thryve, 
And for too seeme a greater thing than when he was alyve, 
And with a stately majestie ryght reverend too appeere. 
His myghty father tooke him up above the cloudy spheere, 
And in a charyot placed him among the streaming starres. 
Howge Atlas felt the weyght thereof. But nothing this disbarres 
Eurysthyes malice. Cruelly he prosecutes the hate 330 

Uppon the offspring, which he bare ageinst the father late. 
But yit too make her mone untoo and wayle her miserie 
And tell her sonnes great woorkes, which all the world could testifie, 
Old Alcmen had Dame Jslee. By Hercules last will 
In wedlocke and in hartie love shee joyned was too Hill, 
By whome shee then was big with chyld : when thus Alcmena sayd, 
The Gods at least bee mercifull and send thee then theyr ayd, 
And short thy labor, when the frute the which thou goste withall 
Now beeyng rype enforceth thee with fearfull voyce too call 
Uppon Ilithya president of chyldbirthes, whom the ire 340 

Of Juno at my travelling made deaf too my desire. 
For when the Sun through twyce fyve signes his course had fully run, 
And that the paynfull day of birth approched of my sonne : 
My burthen strayned out my wombe, and that that I did beare 
Became so greate that of so howge a masse yee well myght sweare 
That Jove was father. Neyther was I able too endure 
The travell any lenger tyme. Even now I you assure 
In telling it a shuddring cold through all my limbes dooth strike, 
And partly it renewes my peynes too thinke uppon the like. 
I beeing in most cruell throwes nyghts seven and dayes eke seven, 350 

And tyred with continuall pangs, did lift my hands too heaven, 

188 






And crying out aloud did call Lucina too myne ayd, 

Too loose the burthen from my wombe. Shee came as I had prayd : 

But so corrupted long before by Juno my most fo, 

That for too martir mee too death with peyne she purposde tho. 

For when shee heard my piteous plaints and gronings, downe shee sate 

On yon same altar which you see there standing at my gate. 

Upon hir left knee shee had pitcht hir right ham, and besyde 

Shee stayd the birth with fingars one within another tyde 

In lattiswyse. And secretly she whisperde witching spells 360 

Which hindred my deliverance more then all her dooings ells. 

I labord still : and forst by payne and torments of my fitts, 

I rayld on Jove (although in vayne) as one besyde her witts. 

And ay I wished for too dye. The woords that I did speake, 

Were such as even the hardest stones of very flint myght breake. 

The wyves of Thebee beeing there, for sauf deliverance prayd 

And giving cheerefull woords, did bid I should not bee dismayd. 

Among the other women there that too my labor came, 

There was an honest yeomans wyfe, Galantis was her name. 

Her heare was yellow as the gold, she was a jolly Dame, 370 

And stoutly served mee, and I did love her for the same. 

This wyfe (I know not how) did smell some packing gone about 

On Junos part. And as she oft was passing in and out, 

Shee spyde Lucina set uppon the altar holding fast 

Her armes toogither on her knees, and with her fingars cast 

Within ech other on a knot, and sayd untoo her thus. 

I pray you who so ere you bee, rejoyce you now with us, 

My Lady Alcmen hath her wish, and sauf is brought a bed. 

Lucina leaped up amazde at that that shee had sed, 

And let her hands a sunder slip. And I immediady 380 

With loosening of the knot, had sauf deliverance by and by. 

They say that in deceyving Dame Lucina Galant laught. 

And therfore by the yellow locks the Goddesse wroth hir caught, 

And dragged her. And as she would have risen from the ground, 

Shee kept her downe, and into legges her armes shee did confound. 

Hir former stoutnesse still remaynes : hir backe dooth keepe the hew 

That erst was in her heare : her shape is only altered new. 

And for with lying mouth shee helpt a woman laboring, shee 

Dooth kindle also at her mouth. And now she haunteth free > 

Our houses as shee did before, a Weasle as wee see. J 390 

With that shee syghes too think uppon her servants hap, and then 

Her daughtrinlaw immediatly replied thus agen. 
But mother, shee whose altred shape dooth move your hart so sore, 
Was neyther kith nor kin too you. What will you say therefore, 
If of myne owne deere suster I the woondrous fortune show ? 
Although my sorrow and the teares that from myne eyes doo flow, > 

Doo hinder mee, and stop my speeche. Her mother (you must know J 
My father by another wyfe had mee) bare never mo 
But this same Ladie Dryopee, the fayrest Ladye tho 

In all the land of Oechalye. Whom beeing then no mayd 400 

'Apollo. (For why the * God of Delos and of Delphos had hir frayd) > 

Andr<emon taketh too his wyfe, and thinkes him well apayd. J 

189 



There is a certaine leaning Lake whose bowing banks doo show 

A likenesse of the salt sea shore. Uppon the brim doo grow 

All round about it Mirdetrees. My suster thither goes 

Unwares what was her destinie, and (which you may suppose 

Was more too bee disdeyned at) the cause of comming there 

Was too the fayries of the Lake fresh garlonds for too beare. 

And in her armes a babye, her sweete burthen shee did hold, 

Who sucking on her brest was yit not full a twelvemoonth old. 410 

Not farre from this same pond did grow a Lote tree florisht gay 

With purple flowres and beries sweete, and leaves as greene as Bay. 

Of theis same flowres too please her boy my suster gathered sum, 

And I had thought too doo so too, for I was thither cum. 

I saw how from the slivered flowres red drops of blood did fall, 

And how that shuddring horribly the braunches quaakt withall. 

You must perceyve that (as too late the Countryfolk declare) 

A Nymph cald Lotos flying from fowle Pryaps filthy ware, 

Was turned intoo this same tree reserving still her name. 

My suster did not know so much, who when shee backward came 420 

Afrayd at that that shee had seene, and having sadly prayd 

The Nymphes of pardon, too have gone her way agen assayd : 

Her feete were fastned downe with rootes. Shee stryved all she myght 

Too plucke them up, but they so sure within the earth were pyght, 

That nothing save hir upper partes shee could that present move. 

A tender barke growes from beneath up leysurly above, 

And softly overspreddes her loynes : which when shee saw, shee went 

About too teare her heare, and full of leaves her hand shee hent. 

Her head was overgrowen with leaves. And little Amphise (so 

Had Eurytus his Graundsyre naamd hir sonne not long ago) 430 

Did feele his mothers dugges wex hard. And as he still them drew 

In sucking, not a whit of milke nor moysture did ensew. 

I standing by thee did behold thy cruell chaunce : but nought 

I could releeve thee suster myne : yit too my powre I wrought 

Too stay the growing of thy trunk and of thy braunches, by 

Embracing thee. Yea I protest I would ryght willingly 

Have in the selfe same barke with thee bene closed up. Behold, 

Her husband good Andr<emon and hir wretched father old 

Sir Eurytus came thither and enquyrd for Dryopee : 

And as they askt for Dryopee, I shewd them Lote the tree. 440 

They kist the wood which yit was warme, and falling downe bylow, 

Did hug the rootes of that their tree. My suster now could show 

No part which was not wood except her face. A deawe of teares 

Did stand uppon the wretched leaves late formed of her heares. 

And whyle shee might, and whyle her mouth did give hir way too speake, 

With such complaynt as this, her mynd shee last of all did breake. 

If credit may bee given too such as are in wretchednesse, 

I sweare by God I never yit deserved this distresse. 

I suffer peyne without desert. My lyfe hath guiltlesse beene. 

And if I lye, I would theis boughes of myne which now are greene, 450 

Myght withered bee, and I heawen downe and burned in the fyre. 

This infant from his mothers brests remove you I desyre : 

And put him forth too nurce, and cause him underneath my tree 

190 



Oft tymes too sucke, and oftentymes too play. And when that hee 
Is able for too speake, I pray you let him greete mee heere, 
And sadly say, in this same trunk is hid my mother deere. 
But lerne him for too shun all ponds and pulling flowres from trees, 
And let him in his heart beleeve that all the shrubs he sees 
Are bodyes of the Goddesses. Adew deere husband now, 
Adew deere father, and adew deere suster. And in yow 460 

If any love of mee remayne, defend my boughes I pray 
From wound of cutting hooke and ax, and bit of beast for ay. 
And for I cannot stoope too you, rayse you yourselves too mee, 
And come and kisse mee whyle I may yit toucht and kissed bee. 
And lift mee up my little boy. I can no lenger talke, 
For now about my lillye necke as if it were a stalke 
The tender rynd beginnes too creepe, and overgrowes my top. 
Remove your fingars from my face, the spreading barke dooth stop 
My dying eyes without your help. Shee had no sooner left 
Her talking, but her lyfe therewith toogither was bereft. 470 

But yit a goodwhyle after that her native shape did fade, 
Her newmade boughes continewed warme. Now whyle that Idle made 
Report of this same woondrous tale, and whyle Alcmena (who 
Did weepe) was drying up the teares of Me weeping too, 
By putting too hir thomb : there hapt a sodeine thing so straunge, 
That untoo mirth from heavinesse theyr harts it streight did chaunge. 
For at the doore in maner even a very boy as then 
With short soft Downe about his chin, revoked backe agen 
Too youthfull yeares, stood Way with countnance smooth and trim. 
Dame Hebee Junos daughter had bestowde this gift on him, 480 

Entreated at his earnest sute. Whom mynding fully there 
The giving of like gift ageine too any too forsweare, 
Dame Themis would not suffer. For (quoth shee) this present howre 
Is cruell warre in Thebee towne, and none but Jove hath powre 
Too vanquish stately Canapey. The brothers shall a like 
Wound eyther other. And alyve a Prophet shall go seeke 
His owne quicke ghoste among the dead, the earth him swallowing in. 
The sonne by taking vengeance for his fathers death, shall win 
The name of kynd and wicked man, in one and self same cace. 
And flayght with mischeefes, from his wits and from his native place ^ 490 
The furies and his mothers ghoste shall restlessely him chace, J 

Untill his wyfe demaund of him the fatall gold for meede, 
And that his cousin Phegies swoord doo make his sydes too bleede. 
Then shall the fayre Callirrhoee Achelous daughter pray 
The myghty Jove in humble wyse too graunt her children may 
Retyre ageine too youthfull yeeres, and that he will not see 
The death of him that did revenge unvenged for too bee. 
Jove moved at her sute shall cause his daughtrinlaw too give 
Like gift, and backe from age too youth Callirrho'e's children drive. 

When Themis through foresyght had spoke theis woords of prophesie, 500 
The Gods began among themselves vayne talke to multiplie. 
They mooyld why others myght not give like gift as well as shee. 
First Pallants daughter grudged that her husband old should bee. 
The gentle Ceres murmurde that hir Jasions heare was hore. 

191 



And Vulcane would have calld ageine the yeeres long spent before 

By Ericthonius. And the nyce Dame Venus having care 

Of tyme too come, the making yong of old Anchises sware. > 

So every God had one too whom he speciall favor bare. 

And through this partiall love of theyrs seditiously increast 

A hurlyburly, till the time that Jove among them preast, 510 

And sayd. So smally doo you stand in awe of mee this howre, 

As thus too rage? Thinkes any of you himselfe too have such powre, 

As for too alter destinye ? I tell you Islay 

Recovered hath by destinye his yeeres erst past away, 

Callirrho'e's children must returne too youth by destiny, 

And not by force of armes, or sute susteynd ambitiously. 

And too th en tent with meelder myndes yee may this matter beare, 

Even I myself by destinyes am rulde : which if I were 

Of power too alter, thinke you that our Aeacus should stoope 

By reason of his feeble age ? or Radamanth should droope? 520 

Or MinoSy who by reason of his age is now disdeynd, 

And lives not in so sure a state as heretoofore he reygnd ? 

The woords of Jove so movd the Gods that none of them complaynd, 
Sith Radamanth and Aeacus were both with age constreynd : 

And Minos also : who (as long as lusty youth did last) 

Did even with terror of his name make myghty Realmes agast. 

But then was Minos weakened sore, and greatly stood in feare 

Of Milet one of Deyons race : who proudly did him beare 

Uppon his father Phcebus and the stoutnesse of his youth. 

And though he feard he would rebell yit durst he not his mouth 530 

Once open for too banish him his Realme : untill at last 

Departing of his owne accord, Miletus swiftly past 

The Gotesea, and did build a towne uppon the Asian ground, 

Which still reteynes the name of him that first the same did found. 

And there the daughter of the brooke Maander which dooth go 

So often backward, Cyane a Nymph of body so 

Exceeding comly as the lyke was seldome heard of, as 

Shee by her fathers wynding bankes for pleasure walking was, 

Was knowen by Milet: unto whom a payre of twinnes shee brought, 

And of the twinnes the names were Caune and Byblis. Byblis ought 540 

Too bee a mirror untoo Maydes in lawfull wyse too love. 

This Byblis cast a mynd too Caune. But not as did behove 
A suster too her brotherward. When first of all the fyre 

Did kindle, shee perceyvd it not. Shee thought in her desyre 

Of kissing him so oftentymes no sin, ne yit no harme 

In cleeping him about the necke so often with her arme. 

The glittering glosse of godlynesse beguyld her long. Her love 

Began from evill untoo woorse by little too remove. 

Shee commes too see her brother deckt in brave and trim attyre, 

And for too seeme exceeding fayre it was her whole desyre. 550 

And if that any fayrer were in all the flocke than shee 

It spyghts hir. In what case she was as yit shee did not see. 

Her heate exceeded not so farre as for too vow : and yit 

Shee sufrred in her troubled brist full many a burning fit. 

Now calleth shee him mayster, now shee utter hateth all 

192 



1 



The names of kin. Shee rather had he should her Byblis call, 

Than suster. Yit no filthy hope shee durst permit too creepe 

Within her mynd awake. But as shee lay in quiet sleepe, 

Shee oft behild her love : and oft she thought her brother came 

And lay with her, and (though a sleepe) shee blushed at the same. 560 

When sleepe was gone, she long lay dumb still musing on the syght, 

And said with wavering mynd. Now wo is mee most wretched wyght. > 

What meenes the image or this dreame that I have seene this nyght ? 

I would not wish it should bee trew. Why dreamed I then so ? 

Sure hee is fayre although hee should bee judged by his fo. 

Hee likes mee well, and were he not my brother, I myght set 

My love on him, and he were mee ryght woorthy for too get, 

But unto this same match the name of kinred is a let. 

Well. So that I awake doo still mee undefyled keepe, 

Let come as often as they will such dreamings in my sleepe. 570 

In sleepe there is no witnesse by. In sleepe yit may I take 

As greate a pleasure (in a sort) as if I were awake. 

Oh Venus and thy tender sonne Sir Cupid, what delyght, 

How present feeling of your sport hath touched mee this night ? 

How lay I as it were resolvd both maree, flesh, and bone ? 

How gladdes it mee too thinke thereon ? Alas too soone was gone 

That pleasure, and too hastye and despyghtfull was the nyght 

In breaking of my joyes. O Lord if name of kinred myght 

Betweene us twoo remooved bee, how well it would agree 

Caune that of thy father I the daughtrinlaw should bee? ^ 580 
How fitly myght my father have a sonneinlaw of thee ? 
Would God that all save auncesters were common too us twayne : 

1 would thou were of nobler stocke than I. I cannot fayne 
O perle of beautie what shee is whom thou shalt make a mother. 
Alas how ill befalles it mee that I could have none other 
Than those same parents which are thyne ? So only still my brother 
And not my husband mayst thou bee. The thing that hurts us bothe 
Is one, and that betweene us ay inseparably gothe. 

What meene my dreames then ? What effect have dreames ? and may there bee 

Effect in dreames? The Gods are farre in better case than wee. 590 

For why ? the Gods have matched with theyr susters as wee see. 

So Saturne did alie with Ops the neerest of his blood. 

So Tethys with Oceanus: So Jove did think it good 

Too take his suster Juno too his wyfe. What then ? the Goddes 

Have lawes and charters by themselves. And sith there is such oddes 

Betweene the state of us and them, why should I sample take, 

Our worldly matters equall with the heavenly things too make ? 

This wicked love shall eyther from my hart be driven away, 

Or if it cannot bee expulst, God graunt I perish may, 

And that my brother kisse me layd on Herce too go too grave. 600 

But my desyre the full consent of both of us dooth crave. 

Admit the matter liketh me. He will for sin it take. 

But yit the sonnes of Aeolus no scrupulousnesse did make 

In going too theyr susters beds. And how come I too know 

The feates of them ? Too what intent theis samples doo I show? 

Ah whither am I headlong driven ? avaunt foule filthy fyre : 

2 c 193 



} 
} 



And let mee not in otherwyse than susterlyke desyre 

My brothers love. Yit if that he were first in love with mee, 

His fondness too inclyne untoo perchaunce I could agree. > 

Shall I therefore who would not have rejected him if hee J 610 

Had sude too mee, go sue too him : and canst thou speake in deede? 

And canst thou utter forth thy mynd ? and tell him of thy neede ? 

My love will make mee speake. I can. Or if that shame doo stay 

My toong, a sealed letter shall my secret love bewray. 

This likes hir best : uppon this poynt now restes her doubtfull mynd. 

So raysing up herself uppon her leftsyde shee enclynd, 
And leaning on her elbow sayd. Let him advyse him what 
Too doo, for I my franticke love will utter playne and flat. 
Alas too what ungraciousnesse intend I for too fall ? 

What furie raging in my hart my senses dooth appall ? 620 

In thinking so, with trembling hand shee framed her too wryght 
The matter that her troubled mynd in musing did indyght. 
Her ryght hand holdes the pen, her left dooth hold the empty wax. 
She ginnes. Shee doutes, shee wryghtes : shee in the tables findeth lacks. 
Shee notes, shee blurres, dislikes, and likes : and chaungeth this for that. 
Shee layes away the booke, and takes it up. Shee wotes not what 
She would herself. What ever thing shee myndeth for too doo 
Misliketh hir. A shamefastnesse with boldenesse mixt theretoo 
Was in her countnance. Shee had once writ Suster. Out agen 
The name of Suster for too raze shee thought it best. And then 630 

Shee snatcht the tables up, and did theis following woords ingrave. 

The health which if thou give her not shee is not like too have, 

Thy lover wisheth untoo thee. I dare not ah for shame 
I dare not tell thee who I am, nor let thee heare my name. 
And if thou doo demaund of mee what thing I doo desyre, 
Would God that namelesse I myght pleade the matter I requyre, 
And that I were unknowen too thee by name of Byb/is, till 
Assurance of my sute were wrought according too my will. 
As tokens of my wounded hart myght theis too thee appeere : 
My colour pale, my body leane, my heavy mirthlesse cheere, 640 

My watry eyes, my sighes without apparant causes why, 
My oft embracing of thee: and such kisses (if perdye 
Thou marked them) as very well thou might have felt and found 
Not for too have beene Susterlike. But though with greevous wound 
I then were striken too the hart, although the raging flame 
Did burne within : yit take I God too witnesse of the same, 
I did as much as lay in mee this outrage for too tame. 
And long I stryved (wretched wench) too scape the violent Dart 
Of Cupid. More I have endurde of hardnesse and of smart, 
Than any wench (a man would think) were able too abyde. 650 

Force forceth mee too shew my case which faine I still would hyde, 
And mercy at thy gentle hand in fearfull wyse too crave. 
Thou only mayst the lyfe of mee thy lover spill or save. 
Choose which thou wilt. No enmy craves this thing : but such a one 
As though shee bee alyde so sure as surer can bee none, 
Yit covets shee more surely yit alyed for too bee, 
And with a neerer kynd or band too link her selfe too thee. 



} 



194 



Let aged folkes have skill in law : too age it dooth belong 

Too keepe the rigor of the lawes and search out ryght from wrong. 

Such youthfull yeeres as ours are yit, rash folly dooth beseeme. 660 

Wee know not what is lawfull yit. And therefore wee may deeme 

That all is lawfull that wee list : ensewing in the same 

The dooings of the myghtye Goddes. Not dread of worldly shame 

Nor yit our fathers rough nesse, no nor fearfulnesse should let 

Our purpose. Only let all feare asyde be wholy set. 

Wee underneath the name of kin our pleasant scapes may hyde. 

Thou knowest I have libertie too talke with thee a syde, 

And openly wee kysse and cull. And what is all the rest 

That wants? Have mercy on mee now, who playnly have exprest 

My case : which thing I had not done, but that the utter rage 670 

Or love constreynes mee thereuntoo the which I cannot swage. 

Deserve not on my tumb thy name subscribed for too have, 

That thou art he whose cruelnesse did bring mee too my grave. 

Thus much shee wrate in vayne, and wax did want her too indyght, 
And in the margent she was fayne the latter verse too wryght. 
Immediatly too seale her shame shee takes a precious stone, 
The which shee moystes with teares : from tung the moysture quight was gone. 
Shee calld a servant shamefastly, and after certaine fayre 
And gentle woords, my trusty man I pray thee beare this payre 
Of tables (quoth shee) too my (and a great whyle afterward 680 

Shee added) brother. Now through chaunce or want of good regard 1 > 
The table slipped downe too ground in reaching too him ward. J 

The handsell troubled sore her mynd. But yit shee sent them. And 
Her servant spying tyme did put them intoo Caunyes hand. 
Meanders nephew sodeinly in anger floong away 
The tables ere he half had red, (scarce able for too stay 
His fistocke from the servants face, who quaakt) and thus did say. 
Avaunt thou baudye ribawd whyle thou mayst. For were it not 
For shame I should have killed thee. Away afrayd he got, 
And told his mistresse of the feerce and cruell answer made 690 

By Caunye. By and by the hew of Byblis gan too fade, 
And all her body was benumd with Icie colde for feare 
Too heere of this repulse. Assoone as that her senses were 
Returnd ageine, her furious flames returned with her witts. 
And thus shee sayd so oft that scarce hir toong the ayer hitts : 
And woorthely. For why was I so rash as too discover 
By hasty wryghting this my wound which most I ought to cover ? 
I should with dowtfull glauncing woords have felt his humor furst, 
And made a trayne too trye him if pursue or no he durst. 
I should have vewed first the coast, too see the weather cleere, 700 

And then I myght have launched sauf and boldly from the peere. 
But now I hoyst up all my sayles before I tryde the wynd : 
And therfore am I driven uppon the rockes ageinst my mynd, > 

And all the sea dooth overwhelme mee. Neyther may I fynd J 

The meanes too get too harbrough, or from daunger too retyre. 
Why did not open tokens warne too bridle my desyre, 
Then when the tables falling in delivering them declaard 
My hope was vaine ? And ought not I then eyther too have spaard 

95 



.. } 



From sending them as that day ? or have chaunged whole my mynd ? 

Nay rather shifted of the day? For had I not beene blynd, 710 

Even God himselfe by soothfast signes the sequele seemd too hit. 

Yea rather than too wryghting thus my secrets too commit, 

I should have gone and spoke myself, and presently have showde 

My fervent love. He should have seene how teares had from mee flowde. 

Hee should have seene my piteous looke ryght loverlike. I could 

Have spoken more than intoo those my tables enter would. 

About his necke against his will, myne armes I myght have wound, 

And had he shaakt me of, I myght have seemed for too swound. 

I humbly myght have kist his feete, and kneeling on the ground 

Besought him for too save my lyfe. All theis I myght have proved: 720 

Wherof although no one alone his stomacke could have moved, 

Yit all toogither myght have made his hardened hart relent. 

Perchaunce there was some fault in him that was of message sent. 

He stept untoo him bluntly (I beleeve) and did not watch 

Convenient tyme, in merrie kew at leysure him too catch. 

Theis are the things that hindred mee. For certeinly I knowe 

No sturdy stone nor massy Steele dooth in his stomacke grow. 

He is not made of Adamant. He is no Tygers whelp. 

He never sucked Lyonesse. He myght with little help 

Bee vanquisht. Let us give fresh charge uppon him. Whyle I live 730 

Without obteyning victorie I will not over give. 

For firstly (if it lay in mee my dooings too revoke) 

I should not have begonne at all. But seeing that the stroke 

Is given, the second poynt is now too give the push too win. 

For neyther he (although that I myne enterpryse should blin) 

Can ever whyle he lyves forget my deede. And sith I shrink, 

My love was lyght, or else I meant too trap him, he shall think. 

Or at the least he may suppose that this my rage of love 

Which broyleth so within my brest, proceedes not from above 

By Cupids stroke, but of some foule and filthy lust. In fyne 740 

I cannot but too wickednesse now more and more inclyne. 

By wryghting is my sute commenst : my meening dooth appeere : 

And though I cease : yit can I not accounted bee for cleere. 

Now that that dooth remayne behynd is much as in respect 

My fond desyre too satisfy : and little in effect 

Too aggravate my fault withall. Thus much shee sayd. And so 

Unconstant was her wavering mynd still floting too and fro, 

That though it irkt hir for too have attempted, yit proceedes 

Shee in the self same purpose of attempting, and exceedes 

All measure, and unhapy wench shee takes from day too day 750 

Repulse upon repulse, and yit shee hath not grace too stay. 

Soone after when her brother saw there was with her no end, 
He fled his countrie forbycause he would not so offend, 
And in a forreine land did buyld a Citie. Then men say 
That Byblis through despayre and thought all wholy did dismay. 
Shee tare her garments from her brest, and furiously shee wroong 
Her hands, and beete her armes, and like a bedlem with her toong 
Confessed her unlawfull love. But beeing of the same 
Dispoynted, shee forsooke her land and hatefull house for shame, 



196 



And followed after flying Caune. And as the Froes of Thrace 760 

In dooing of the three yeere rites of Bacchus: in lyke cace 

The maryed wyves of Bubasie saw Byblis howling out 1 

Through all theyr champion feeldes. The which shee leaving, ran about S- 

In Carta too the Le/egs who are men in battell stout, J 

And so too Lycia. Shee had past Crag, Limyre, and the brooke 

Of Xanthus, and the countrie where Chym<era that same pooke 

Hath Goatish body, Lions head and brist, and Dragons tayle, 

When woods did want : and Byblis now beginning for too quayle 

Through weerynesse in following Caune, sank down and layd her hed 

Ageinst the ground, and kist the leaves that wynd from trees had shed. 770 

The Nymphes of Carta went about in tender armes too take "J 

Her often up. They oftentymes perswaded her too slake I 

Her love. And woords of comfort too hir deafe eard mynd they spake. J 

Shee still lay dumbe : and with her nayles the greenish herbes shee hild, 

And moysted with a streame of teares the grasse upon the feeld. 

The waternymphes (so folk report) put under her a spring, 

Whych never myght be dryde. And could they give a greater thing? 

Immediatly even like as when yee wound a pitchtree rynd, 

The gum dooth issue out in droppes : or as the westerne wynd > 

With gentle blast toogither with the warmth of Sunne, unbynd J 780 

The yce : or as the clammy kynd of cement which they call 

Bitumen issueth from the ground full fraughted therewithall : 

So Phoebus neece Dame Byblis then consuming with her teares, 

Was turned too a fountaine, which in those same vallyes beares 

The tytle of the founder still, and gusheth freshly out 

From underneath a Sugarchest as if it were a spowt. 

The fame of this same wondrous thing perhappes had filled all 
The hundred Townes of Candye, had a greater not befall 
More neerer home by Iphys meanes transformed late before. 
For in the shyre of Phestos hard by Gnossus dwelt of yore 790 

A yeoman of the meaner sort that Lyctus had too name. 
His stocke was simple, and his welth according too the same. 
Howbeet his lyfe so upryght was, as noman could it blame. 
He came untoo his wyfe then big and ready downe too lye, 
And sayd : twoo things I wish thee. Tone, that when thou out shalt crye, 
Thou mayst dispatch with little payne : the other that thou have 
A Boay. For Gyrles too bring them up a greater cost doo crave, 
And I have no abilitie. And therefore if thou bring 
A wench (it goes ageinst my heart too thinke uppon the thing) 
Although ageinst my will, I charge it streyght destroyed bee. 800 

The bond of nature needes must beare in this behalf with mee. 
This sed, both wept exceedingly, as well the husband who 
Did give commaundement, as the wyfe that was commaunded too. 
Yit Telethusa earnestly at Lyct her husband lay, 
(Although in vayne) too have good hope, and of himselfe more stay. 
But he was full determined. Within a whyle, the day 
Approched that the frute was rype, and shee did looke too lay 
Her belly every mynute : when at midnyght in her rest 
Stood by her (or did seeme too stand) the Goddesse Isis, drest 
And trayned with the solemne pomp of all her rytes. Twoo homes 810 

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Uppon her forehead lyke the moone, with eares of rypened comes 

Stood glistring as the burnisht gold. Moreover shee did weare 

A rich and stately diademe. Attendant on her were 

The barking bug Anubis, and the saint of Bubast, and 

The pydecote Apis, and the God that gives too understand 

By fingar holden too his lippes that men should silence keepe, 

And Lybian wormes whose stinging dooth enforce continuall sleepe, 

And thou Osyris whom the folk of Aegypt ever seeke, 

And never can have sought inough, and Ritderatdes eke. 

Then even as though that Telethuse had fully beene awake, 820 

And seene theis things with open eyes, thus Isis too her spake. 

My servant Te/ethusa, cease this care, and breake the charge 

Or Lyct. And when Lucina shall have let thy frute at large, 

Bring up the same what ere it bee. I am a Goddesse who 

Delyghts in helping folke at neede. I hither come too doo 

Thee good. Thou shalt not have a cause hereafter too complayne 

Of serving of a Goddesse that is thanklesse for thy payne. > 

When Isis had this comfort given, shee went her way agayne. J 

A joyfull wyght rose Telethuse, and lifting too the sky 

Her hardened hands, did pray her dreame myght woorke effectually. 830 
Her throwes increast, and forth alone anon the burthen came, 
A wench was borne too Lyctus who knew nothing of the same. 
The mother making him beleeve it was a boay, did bring 
It up, and none but shee and nurce were privie too the thing. 
The father thanking God did give the chyld the Graundsyres name, 
The which was Iphys. Joyfull was the moother of the same, 
Bycause the name did serve alike too man and woman bothe. 
And so the lye through godly guile forth unperceyved gothe. 
The garments of it were a boayes. The face of it was such 
As eyther in a boay or gyrle of beawtie uttered much. 840 

When Iphys was of thirteene yeeres, her father did insure 
The browne I'dnthee untoo hir, a wench of looke demure, 
Commended for her favor and her person more than all 
The Maydes of Phestos : Te/est, men her fathers name did call. 
He dwelt in Dyctis. They were bothe of age and favor leeke, 
And under both one schoolemayster they did for nurture seeke. > 
And hereupon the hartes of both, the dart of Love did streeke, J 
And wounded both of them aleeke. But unlike was theyr hope. 
Both longed for the wedding day toogither for too cope. 

For whom I'dnthee thinkes too bee a man, shee hopes too see 850 

Her husband. Iphys loves whereof shee thinkes shee may not bee 
Partaker, and the selfe same thing augmenteth still her flame. 
Herself a Mayden with a Mayd (ryght straunge) in love became. 

Shee scarce could stay her teares. What end remaynes for mee (quoth shee) 

How straunge a love? how uncoth? how prodigious reygnes in mee? 
If that the Gods did favor mee, they should destroy mee quyght. 
Or if they would not mee destroy, at leastwyse yit they myght 
Have given mee such a maladie as myght with nature stond, 
Or nature were acquainted with. A Cow is never fond 

Uppon a Cow, nor Mare on Mare. The Ram delyghts the Eawe, 860 

The Stag the Hynde, the Cocke the Hen. But never man could shew 

198 



That female yit was tane in love with female kynd. O would 

Too God I never had beene borne. Yit least that Candy should 

Not bring foorth all that monstruous were, the daughter of the Sonne 

Did love a Bull. Howbeet there was a Male too dote uppon. 

My love is furiouser than hers, if truthe confessed bee. "] 

For shee was fond of such a lust as myght bee compast. Shee > 

Was served by a Bull beguyld by Art in Cow of tree. J 

And one there was for her with whom advowtrie to commit. 

If all the conning in the worlde and slyghts of suttle wit 870 

Were heere, or if that D<edalus himselfe with uncowth wing 

Of Wax should hither fly againe, what comfort should he bring ? 

Could he with all his conning crafts now make a boay of mee? 

Or could he O Idnthee chaunge the native shape of thee ? 

Nay rather Iphys setde thou thy mynd and call thy witts 

Abowt thee : shake thou of theis flames that foolishly by fitts 

With out all reason reigne. Thou seest what Nature hathe thee made, 

(Onlesse thou wilt deceyve thy selfe.) So farre foorth wysely wade 

As ryght and reason may support, and love as women ought. 

Hope is the thing that breedes desyre, hope feedes the amorous thought. 880 

This hope thy sex denieth thee. Not watching doth restreyne 

Thee from embracing of the thing wherof thou art so fayne. 

Nor yit the Husbands jealowsie, nor rowghnesse of her Syre, 

Nor yit the coynesse of the Wench dooth hinder thy desyre. 

And yit thou canst not her enjoy. No though that God and Man 

Should labor too their uttermost and doo the best they can 

In thy behalfe, they could not make a happy wyght of thee. 

I cannot wish the thing but that I have it. Frank and free > 

The Goddes have given mee what they could. As I will, so will hee J 

That must become my fathrinlaw, so willes my father too. 890 

But nature stronger than them all consenteth not theretoo. 

This hindreth mee, and nothing else. Behold the blissful tyme, 

The day of Mariage is at hand. Ianthee shalbee myne, 

And yit I shall not her enjoy. Amid the water wee 

Shall thirst. O Juno president of mariage, why with thee 

Comes Hymen too this wedding where no brydegroome you shall see, 

But bothe are Brydes that must that day toogither coupled bee ? 

This spoken, shee did hold hir peace. And now the toother mayd 
Did burrie as whote in love as shee. And earnestly shee prayd 
The brydale day myght come with speede. The thing for which shee longd 900 
Dame Telethusa fearing sore, from day too day prolongd 
The tyme, oft feyning siknesse, oft pretending shee had seene 
111 tokens of successe. At length all shifts consumed beene. 
The wedding day so oft delayd was now at hand. The day 
Before it, taking from her head the kercheef quyght away, 
And from her daughters head likewyse, with scattred heare she layd 
Her hands upon the Altar, and with humble voyce thus prayd. 
O his who doost haunt the towne of Paretonie, and 
The feeldes by Marions lake, and Pharos which dooth stand 
By Alexandria, and the Nyle divided intoo seven 910 

Great channels, comfort thou my feare, and send mee help from heaven. 

199 



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Thyself O Goddesse, even thyself, and theis thy relikes I 
Did once behold and knew them all : as well thy company 
As eke thy sounding ratdes, and thy cressets burning by, 
And myndfully I marked what commaundement thou didst give. 
That I escape unpunished, that this same wench dooth live, 
Thy counsell and thy hest it is. Have mercy now on twayne, 
And help us. With that word the teares ran downe her cheekes amayne. 
The Goddesse seemed for too move her Altar : and in deede 
She moved it. The temple doores did tremble like a reede. 920 

And homes in likenesse too the Moone about the Church did shyne, 
And Ratdes made a raughtish noyse. At this same luckie signe, 
Although not wholy carelesse, yit ryght glad shee went away. 
And Iphys followed after her with larger pace than ay 
Shee was accustomd. And her face continued not so whyght. 
Her strength encreased, and her looke more sharper was too syght. 
Her heare grew shorter, and shee had a much more lively spryght, 
Than when shee was a wench. For thou O Iphys who ryght now 
A moother wert, art now a boay. With ofrrings both or yow 
Too Church retyre, and there rejoyce with fayth unfearfull. They 930 

With ofrrings went too Church ageine, and there theyr vowes did pay. 
They also set a table up, which this breef meeter had. 
The vowes that Iphys vowd a wench, he hath performd a Lad. 
Next morrow over all the world did shine with lightsome flame, 
When luno, and Dame Venus, and Sir Hymen joyntly came 
Too Iphys mariage, who as then transformed too a boay 
Did take Ianthee too his wyfe, and so her love enjoy. 



Finis noni Libri. 



200 




THE TENTH BOOKE 

of Ovids Metamorphosis, 

iROM thence in saffron colourd robe flew Hymen through y ayre, 
And into Thracia beeing calld by Orphy did repayre. 
He came in deede at Orphyes call : but neyther did he sing 
The woordes of that solemnitie, nor merry countnance bring, 
Nor any handsell of good lucke. His torch with drizling smoke 
Wasdim : thesame too burneout cleere, no stirring could provoke. 
The end was woorser than the signe. For as the Bryde did rome 

Abrode accompanyde with a trayne of Nymphes too bring her home, 

A serpent lurking in the grasse did sting her in the ancle : 

Whereof shee dyde incontinent, so swift the bane did rancle. 10 

Whom when the Thracian Poet had bewayld sufficiently 

On earth, the Ghostes departed hence he minding for too trie, 

Downe at the gate of T<enarus did go too Limbo Lake. 

And thence by gastly folk and soules late buried he did take 

His journey too Persephonee and too the king of Ghosts 

That like a Lordly tyran reignes in those unpleasant coasts. 

And playing on his tuned harp he thus began too sound. 

O you the Sovereines of the world set underneath the ground, 
Too whome wee all (what ever thing is made of mortall kynd) 

Repayre, if by your leave I now may freely speake my mynd, 20 

1 come not hither as a spye the shady Hell too see : 

Nor yet the foule three headed Curre whose heares all Adders bee 

Too tye in cheynes. The cause of this my vyage is my wyfe 

Whose foote a Viper stinging did abridge her youthfull lyfe. 

I would have borne it paciently : and so too doo I strave. 

But Love surmounted powre. This God is knowen great force too have 

Above on earth. And whether he reigne heere or no I dowt, 

But I beleeve hee reignes heere too. If fame that flies abowt 

Of former rape report not wrong, Love coupled also yow. 

By theis same places full of feare : by this howge Chaos now 30 

And by the stilnesse of this waste and emptye Kingdome, I 

Beseech yee of Eurydicee unreele the destinye 

That was so swiftly reeled up. All things too you belong. 

And though wee lingring for a whyle our pageants doo prolong, 

Yit soone or late wee all too one abyding place doo rome : 

Wee haste us hither all : this place becomes our latest home : 

And you doo over humaine kynd reigne longest tyme. Now when 

This woman shall have lived full her tyme, shee shall agen 

Become your owne. The use of her but for a whyle I crave. 

And if the Destnyes for my wyfe denye mee for too have 40 

Releace, I fully am resolvd for ever heere too dwell. 

Rejoyce you in the death of both. As he this tale did tell, 

And played on his instrument, the bloodlesse ghostes shed teares : 
Too tyre on Titius growing hart the greedy Grype forbeares : 

The shunning water Tantalus endevereth not too drink : 

And Danaus daughters ceast too fill theyr tubbes that have no brink. 

2D 20I 



Ixions wheele stood still : and downe sate Sisyphus uppon 

His rolling stone. Then first of all (so fame for truth hath gone) 

The Furies beeing striken there with pitie at his song 

Did weepe. And neyther Pluto nor his Ladie were so strong 50 

And hard of stomacke too withhold his just petition long. 

They called foorth Eurydicee who was as yit among 

The newcome Ghosts, and limped of her wound. Her husband tooke 

Her with condicion that he should not backe uppon her looke, 

Untill the tyme that hee were past the bounds of Limbo quyght: 

Or else too lose his gyft. They tooke a path that steepe upryght 

Rose darke and full of foggye mist. And now they were within 

A kenning of the upper earth, when Orphye did begin 

Too dowt him least shee followed not, and through an eager love 

Desyrous for too see her, he his eyes did backward move. 60 

Immediatly shee slipped backe. He retching out his hands, 

Desyrous too bee caught and for too ketch her grasping stands. 

But nothing save the slippry aire (unhappy man) he caught. 

Shee dying now the second tyme complaynd of Orphye naught. 

For why what had shee too complayne, onlesse it were of love ? 

Which made her husband backe agen his eyes uppon her move ? 

Her last farewell shee spake so soft, that scarce he heard the sound, 

And then revolted too the place in which he had her found. 

This double dying of his wyfe set Orphye in a stound, 

No lesse than him who at the syght of Plutos dreadfull Hound 70 

That on the middle necke of three dooth beare an iron cheyne, 
Was striken in a sodein feare and could it not restreyne, 
Untill the tyme his former shape and nature beeing gone, 
His body quyght was overgrowne, and turned intoo stone : 
Or than the foolish Olenus, who on himself did take 
Anothers fault, and giltlesse needes himself would giltie make, 
Toogither with his wretched wyfe Leth<ea, for whose pryde 
They both becomming stones, doo stand even yit on watry Ide. 
He would have gone too Hell ageine, and earnest sute did make : 
But Charon would not suffer him too passe the Stygian lake. 80 

Seven dayes he sate forlorne uppon the bank and never eate 
A bit of bread. Care, teares, and thought, and sorrow were his meate : 
And crying out uppon the Gods of Hell as cruell, hee 
Withdrew too lofty Rhodopee and Heme which beaten bee 

With Northern wynds. Three tymes the Sunne had passed through the sheere 
And watry signe of Pisces and had finisht full the yeere. 
And Orphye (were it that his ill successe hee still did rew, 
Or that he vowed so too doo) did utterly eschew 
The womankynd. Yit many a one desyrous were too match 
With him, but he them with repulse did all alike dispatch. 90 

He also taught the Thracian folke a stewes of Males too make 
And of the flowring pryme of boayes the pleasure for too take. 

There was a hyll, and on the hyll a verie levell plot 

Fayre greene with grasse. But as for shade or covert was there not. 
Assoone as that this Poet borne of Goddes, in that same place 
Sate downe and toucht his tuned strings, a shadow came a pace. 
There wanted neyther Chaons tree, nor yit the trees too which 

202 



Fresh Phaetons susters turned were, nor Beeche, nor Holme, nor Wich, 

Nor gentle Asp, nor wyvelesse Bay, nor lofty Chestnuttree, 

Nor Hazle spalt, nor Ash wherof the shafts of speares made bee, I oo 

Nor knotlesse Firre, nor cheerfull Plane, nor Maple flecked grayne, 

Nor Lote, nor Sallow which delights by waters too remayne, 

Nor slender twigged Tamarisk, nor Box ay greene of hew, 

Nor Figtrees loden with theyr frute of colours browne and blew, 

Nor double colourd Myrtletrees. Moreover thither came 

The wrything Ivye, and the Vyne that runnes uppon a frame : 

Elmes clad with Vynes, and Ashes wyld, and Pitchtrees blacke as cole, 

And full of trees with goodly frute red stryped, Ortyards whole, 

And Palmetrees lythe which in reward of conquest men doo beare, 

And Pynapple with tufted top and harsh and prickling heare, I IO 

The tree too Cybele mother of the Goddes most deere. For why ? 

Her minion Atys putting of the shape of man, did dye, 

And hardened intoo this same tree. Among this companee 

Was present with a pyked top the Cypresse, now a tree, 

Sumtime a boay beloved of the God that with a string 

Dooth arme his bow, and with a string in tune his Viall bring. 

For, hallowed too the Nymphes that in the feeldes of Carthye were 

There was a goodly myghty Stag whose homes such bredth did beare, 

As that they shadowed all his head. His homes of gold did shyne, 

And downe his brest hung from his necke a cheyne with jewels fyne ; 120 

Amid his frunt with prettie strings a tablet beeing tyde, 

Did waver as he went : and from his eares on eyther syde 

Hung perles of all one growth about his hollow temples bryght. 

This goodly Spitter beeing voyd of dread, as having quyght 

Forgot his native fearefulnesse, did haunt mens houses, and 

Would suffer folk (yea though unknowen) too coy him with theyr hand. 

But more than untoo all folke else he deerer was too thee, 

O Cyparisse the fayrest Wyght that ever man did see 

In Ccea. Thou too pastures, thou too water springs him led, 

Thou wreathedst sundry flowres betweene his homes uppon his hed. 130 

Sumtyme a horsman thou his backe for pleasure didst bestryde, 

And haltring him with silken bit from place too place didst ryde. 

In summer tyme about hygh noone when Titan with his heate 

Did make the hollow crabbed cleas of Cancer for too sweate, 

Unweeting Cyparissus with a Dart did strike this Hart 

Quyght through. And when that of the wound he saw he must depart, 

He purposd for too die himself. What woords of comfort spake 

Not Phcebus too him ? willing him the matter lyght too take > 

And not more sorrow for it than was requisite too make. J 

But still the Lad did sygh and sob, and as his last request, 140 

Desyred God he myght thenceforth from moorning never rest. 

Anon through weeping overmuch his blood was drayned quyght : 

His limbes wext greene : his heare which hung upon his forehead whyght 

Began too bee a bristled bush : and taking by and by 

A stifFnesse, with a sharpened top did face the starrie skye. 

The God did sigh, and sadly sayd : Myselfe shall moorne for thee, 

And thou for others : and ay one in moorning thou shalt bee. 

Such wood as this had Orphye drawen about him as among 

203 



The herdes of beasts, and flocks of Birds he sate amyds the throng. 

And when his thumbe sufficiently had tryed every string, i jo 

And found that though they severally in sundry sounds did ring, I 

Yit made they all one Harmonie : He thus began too sing. 

O Muse my mother frame my song of Jove. For every thing 
Is subject untoo royall Jove. Of Jove the heavenly King 
I oft have shewed the glorious power. I erst in graver verse 
The Gyants slayne in PhUgra feeldes with thunder, did reherse. 
But now I neede a meelder style too tell of prettie boyes 
That were the derlings of the Gods : and of unlawfull joyes 
That burned in the brests of Girles, who for theyr wicked lust 
According as they did deserve, receyved penance just. 160 

The King of Goddes did burne erewhyle in love of Ganymed 
The Phrygian., and the thing was found which Jupiter that sted 
Had rather bee than that he was. Yit could he not beteeme 
The shape of any other Bird than Aegle for too seeme. 
And so he soring in the ayre with borrowed wings trust up 
The Trojane boay who still in heaven even yit dooth beare his cup, 
And brings him Nectar though against Dame Junos will it bee. 
And thou Amyclys sonne (had not thy heavy destinee 
Abridged thee before thy tyme) hadst also placed beene 
By Phoebus in the firmament. How bee it (as is seene) 170 

Thou art eternall so farre forth as may bee. For as oft 
As watrie Piscis giveth place too Aries that the soft 
And gentle springtyde dooth succeede the winter sharp and stowre : 
So often thou renewest thyself, and on the fayre greene clowre 
Doost shoote out flowres. My father bare a speciall love too thee 
Above all others. So that whyle the God went oft too see 
Eurotas and unwalled Spart, he left his noble towne 
Of Delphos (which a mid the world is situate in renowne) 
Without a sovereigne. Neyther Harp nor Bow regarded were. 
Unmyndfull of his Godhead, he refused not too beare 180 

The nets, nor for too hold the hounds, nor as a peynfull mate 
Too travell over cragged hilles, through which continuall gate 
His flames augmented more and more. And now the sunne did stand 
Well neere midway betweene the nyghts last past and next at hand. 
They stript themselves and noynted them with oyle of Olyfe fat, 
And fell to throwing of a Sledge that was ryght howge and flat. 
Fyrst Phoebus peysing it did throw it from him with such strength, 
As that the weyght drave downe the clouds in flying. And at length 
It fell upon substantiall ground, where plainly it did show 

As well the cunning as the force of him that did it throw. 1 90 

Immediatly upon desyre himself the sport too trie, 
The Spartane lad made haste too take up unadvisedly 
The Sledge before it still did lye. But as he was in hand 
Too catch it, it rebounding up ageinst the hardened land, 
Did hit him full upon the face. The God himselfe did looke 
As pale as did the lad, and up his swounding body tooke. 
Now culles he him, now wypes he from the wound the blood away, 
Anotherwhyle his fading lyfe he stryves with herbes too stay. 
Nought booted Leechcraft. Helplesse was the wound. And like as one 

204 



Broosd violet stalkes or Poppie stalkes or Lillies growing on 200 

Browne spindles, streight they withering droope with heavy heads and are 
Not able for too hold them up, but with their tops doo stare 
Uppon the ground. So Hyacinth in yeelding of his breath 
Chopt downe his head. His necke bereft of strength by meanes of death 
Was even a burthen too itself, and downe did loosely wrythe 
On both his shoulders, now a tone and now a toother lythe. 
Thou faadst away my Hyacinth defrauded of the pryme 
Of youth (quoth Phcebus) and I see thy wound my heynous cryme. 
Thou art my sorrow and my fault: this hand of myne hath wrought 
Thy death : I like a murtherer have too thy grave thee brought. 210 

But what have I offended thow ? onlesse that too have playd, 
Or if that too have loved, an offence it may be sayd. 
Would God I render myght my lyfe with and in stead of thee. 
Too which syth fatall destinee denyeth too agree, 
Both in my mynd and in my mouth thou evermore shalt bee. 
My Viall striken with my hand, my songs shall sound of thee, 
And in a newmade flowre thou shalt with letters represent 
Our syghings. And the tyme shall come ere many yeeres bee spent, 
That in thy flowre a valeant Prince shall joyne himself with thee, 
And leave his name uppon the leaves for men too reede and see. 220 

Whyle Phoebus thus did prophesie, behold the blood of him 
Which dyde the grasse, ceast blood too bee, and up there sprang a trim 
And goodly flowre, more orient than the Purple cloth ingrayne, 
In shape a Lillye, were it not that Lillyes doo remayne 
Of sylver colour, whereas theis of purple hew are seene. 
Although that Phcebus had the cause of this greate honor beene, 
Yit thought he not the same ynough. And therfore did he wryght 
His syghes uppon the leaves thereof: and so in colour bryght 
The flowre hath a t writ theron, which letters are of greef. 

So small the Spartanes thought the birth of Hyacinth repreef 230 

Unto them, that they woorship him from that day untoo this. 
And as their fathers did before, so they doe never misse 
With solemne pomp too celebrate his feast from yeere too yeere. 
But if perchaunce that Amathus the rich in mettals, weere 
Demaunded if it would have bred the Propels it would sweare, 
Yea even as gladly as the folke whose brewes sumtyme did beare 
A payre of welked homes : whereof they Cerastes named are. 
Before theyr doore an Altar stood of Jove that takes the care 
Of alyents and of travellers, which lothsome was too see, 

For lewdnesse wrought theron. If one that had a straunger bee 240 

Had lookt thereon, he would have thought there had on it beene killd 
Sum sucking calves or lambes. The blood of straungers there was spilld. 
Dame Venus sore offended at this wicked sacrifyse, 
Too leave her Cities and the land of Cyprus did devyse. 
But then bethinking her, shee sayd. What hath my pleasant ground 
What have my Cities trespassed? what fault in them is found ? 
Nay rather let this wicked race by exyle punnisht beene, 
Or death, or by sum other thing that is a meane betweene 
Both death and exyle. What is that ? save only for too chaunge 
Theyr shape. In musing with herself what figure were most straunge, 250 

205 



Shee cast her eye uppon a home. And therewithall shee thought 
The same too bee a shape ryght meete uppon them too bee brought. 
And so shee from theyr myghty limbes theyr native figure tooke, 
And turnd them intoo boystous Bulles with grim and cruell looke. 
Yit durst the filthy Propels stand in stifle opinion that 
Dame Venus was no Goddesse, till shee beeing wroth thereat, 
Too make theyr bodies common first compelld them everychone, 
And after chaungd theyr former kynd. For when that shame was gone, 
And that they wexed brazen faast, shee turned them too stone, 
In which betweene their former shape was difrrence small or none. 260 

Whom forbycause Pygmalion saw too leade theyr lyfe in sin, 
Offended with the vice whereof greate store is packt within 
The nature of the womankynd, he led a single lyfe. 
And long it was ere he could fynd in hart too take a wyfe. 
Now in the whyle by wondrous Art an image he did grave 
Of such proportion, shape, and grace as nature never gave 
Nor can too any woman give. In this his worke he tooke 
A certaine love. The looke of it was ryght a Maydens looke, 
And such a one as that yee would beleeve had lyfe, and that 
Would moved bee, if womanhod and reverence letted not: 270 

So artificiall was the work. He woondreth at his Art, 
And of his counterfetted corse conceyveth love in hart. 
He often toucht it, feeling if the woork that he had made 
Were verie flesh or Ivorye still. Yit could he not perswade 
Himself too think it Ivory. For he oftentymes it kist, 
And thought it kissed him ageine. He hild it by the fist, 
And talked too it. He beleeved his fingars made a dint 
Uppon her flesh, and feared least sum blacke or broosed print 
Should come by touching over hard. Sumtyme with pleasaunt boords 
And wanton toyes he dalyingly dooth cast foorth amorous woords. 280 

Sumtime (the giftes wherein yong Maydes are wonted too delyght) 
He brought her owches, fyne round stones, and Lillyes fayre and whyght, 
And pretie singing birds, and flowres of thousand sorts and hew, 
And peynted balles, and Amber from the tree distilled new. 
In gorgeous garments furthermore he did her also decke, 
And on her fingars put me rings, and cheynes about her necke. 
Riche perles were hanging at her eares, and tablets at her brest. 
All kynd of things became her well. And when she was undrest, 
Shee seemed not lesse beawtifull. He layd her in a bed 

The which with scarlet dyde in Tyre was richly overspred, \ 290 

And terming her his bedfellow, he couched downe hir head 
Uppon a pillow soft, as though shee could have felt the same. 
The feast of Venus hallowed through the He of Cyprus, came 
And Bullocks whyght with gilden homes were slayne for sacrifyse, 
And up too heaven of frankincence the smoky fume did ryse. 
When as Pygmalion having doone his dutye that same day, 
Beefore the altar standing, thus with fearefull hart did say : 
If that you Goddes can all things give, then let my wife (I pray) 
(He durst not say bee yoonsame wench of Ivory, but) bee leeke 
My wench of Ivory. Venus (who was nought at all to seeke 300 

What such a wish as that did meene) then present at her feast, 

206 



1 



For handsell of her freendly helpe did cause three tymes at least 
The fyre to kindle and to spyre thryse upward in the ayre. 
Assoone as he came home, streyght way Pygmalion did repayre 
Unto the Image of his wench, and leaning on the bed, 
Did kisse her. In hir body streyght a warmenesse seemd too spred. 
He put his mouth againe to hers, and on her brest did lay 
His hand. The Ivory wexed soft : and putting quyght away 
All hardnesse, yeelded underneathe his fingars, as wee see 

A peece of wax made soft ageinst the Sunne, or drawen too bee 310 

In divers shapes by chaufing it betweene ones handes, and so 
To serve to uses. He amazde stood wavering too and fro 
Tweene joy and feare too bee beeguyld, ageine he burnt in love, 
Ageine with feeling he began his wisshed hope too prove. 
He felt it verrye flesh in deede. By laying on his thumb, 
He felt her pulses beating. Then he stood no longer dumb, 
But thanked Venus with his hart : and at the length he layd 
His mouth to hers, who was as then become a perfect mayd. 
Shee felt the kisse, and blusht therat : and lifting fearefully 
Hir eyelidds up, hir Lover and the light at once did spye. 320 

The mariage that her selfe had made the Goddesse blessed so, 
That when the Moone with fulsum lyght nyne tymes her course had go, 
This Ladye was delivered of a Sun that Paphus hyght, 
Of whom the Hand takes that name. Of him was borne a knyght 
Calld Cinyras who (had he had none issue) surely myght 
Of all men underneathe the sun beene thought the happyest wyght. 
Of wicked and most cursed things to speake I now commence : 
Yee daughters and yee parents all go get yee farre from hence, 
Or if yee mynded bee to heere my tale, beleeve mee nought 
In this beehalfe : ne think that such a thing was ever wrought. 330 

Or if yee will beeleeve the deede, beleeve the vengeance too 
Which lyghted on the partye that the wicked act did doo. 
But if that it be possible that any wyght so much 
From nature should degenerate, as for to fall to such 
A heynous cryme as this is, I am glad for Thracia, I 
Am glad for this same world of ours, yea glad exceedingly 
I am for this my native soyle, for that there is such space 
Betweene it and the land that bred a chyld so voyd of grace. 
I would the land Panchaya should of Amomie be rich, 

And Cinnamom, and Costus sweet, and Incence also which 340 

Dooth issue largely out of trees, and other flowers straunge, 
As long as that it beareth Myrrhe : not woorth it was the chaunge, 
Newe trees to have of such a pryce. The God of love denyes 
His weapons too have hurted thee, O Myrrha, and he tryes 
Himselfe ungiltie by thy fault. One of the Furies three 
With poysonde Snakes and hellish brands hath rather blasted thee. 
To hate ones father is a cryme as heynous as may bee, 
But yit more wicked is this love of thine than any hate. 
The youthfull Lordes of all the East and Peeres of cheef estate 
Desyre to have thee too their wyfe, and earnest sute doo make : 350 

Of all (excepting onely one) thy choyce O Myrrha take. 

207 



Shee feeles her filthye love, and stryves ageynst it, and within 
Herself sayde : whither roonnes my mynd ? what thinke I to begin? 
Yee Gods (I pray) and godlynesse, yee holy rites and awe 
Of parents, from this heynous cryme my vicious mynd withdrawe, 
And disappoynt my wickednesse. At leastwyse if it bee 
A wickednesse that I intend. As farre as I can see, 
This love infrindgeth not the bondes of godlynesse a whit. 
For every other living wyght dame nature dooth permit 

Too match without offence of sin. The Hecfer thinkes no shame 360 

Too beare her father on her backe : The Horse beestrydes the same 
Of whom he is the syre : The Gote dooth bucke the Kid that hee 
Himself begate : and birdes doo tread the self same birdes wee see 
Of whom they hatched were before. In happye cace they are 
That may doo so without offence. But mans malicious care 
Hath made a brydle for it self, and spyghtfull lawes restreyne 
The things that nature setteth free : yit are their Realmes (men sayne) 
In which the moother with the sonne, and daughter with the father 
Doo match, where through of godlynesse the bond augments the rather 
With doubled love. Now wo is mee it had not beene my lot 370 

In that same countrie too bee borne. And that this lucklesse plot 
Should hinder mee. Why thinke I thus? Avaunt unlawfull love. 
I ought too love him I confesse : but so as dooth behove 
His daughter : were not Cinyras my father then, Iwis 
I myght obtaine too lye with him. But now bycause he is 
Myne owne, he cannot bee myne owne. The neerenesse of our kin 
Dooth hurt me. Were I further of perchaunce I more myght win. 
And if I wist that I therby this wickednesse myght shunne, 
I would forsake my native soyle and farre from Cyprus runne. 
This evill heate dooth hold mee backe, that beeing present still 380 

I may but talke with Cinyras and looke on him my fill, 
And touch, and kisse him, if no more may further graunted bee. 
Why wicked wench ? and canst thou hope for further ? doost not see 
How by thy fault thou doost confound the ryghts of name and kin ? 
And wilt thou make thy mother bee a Cucqueane by thy sin ? 
Wilt thou thy fathers leman bee? wilt thou bee both the moother 
And suster of thy chyld ? shall he bee both thy sonne and brother? 
And standst thou not in feare at all of those same susters three 
Whose heads with crawling snakes in stead of heare bematted bee ? 
Which pushing with theyr cruell bronds folks eyes and mouthes, doo see 390 
Theyr sinfull harts ? but thou now whyle thy body yit is free, 
Let never such a wickednesse once enter in thy mynd. 
Defyle not myghtye natures hest by lust ageinst thy kynd. 
What though thy will were fully bent? yit even the very thing 
Is such as will not suffer thee the same too end too bring. 
For why he beeing well disposde and godly, myndeth ay 
So much his dewtye, that from ryght and truth he will not stray. > 
Would God lyke furie were in him as is in mee this day. J 

This sayd, her father Cinyras (who dowted what too doo 
By reason of the worthy store of suters which did woo 400 

His daughter,) bringing all theyr names did will hir for too show 
On which of them shee had herself most fancie too bestow. 

208 



At first shee hild her peace a whyle, and looking wistly on 

Her fathers face, did boyle within : and scalding teares anon 

Ran downe her visage. Cyniras, (who thought them too proceede 

Of tender harted shamefastnesse) did say there was no neede 

Of teares, and dryed her cheelces, and kist her. Myrrha tooke of it 

Exceeding pleasure in her selfe : and when that he did wit 

What husband shee did wish too have, shee sayd : one like too yow. 

He understanding not hir thought, did well her woordes allow. 410 

And sayd : in this thy godly mynd continew. At the name 

Of godlynesse, shee cast mee downe her looke for very shame. \ 

For why her giltie hart did knowe shee well deserved blame. 

Hygh mydnight came, and sleepe bothe care and carkesses opprest, 
But Myrrha lying brode awake could neyther sleepe nor rest. 
Shee fryes in Cupids flames, and woorkes continewally uppon 
Her furious love. One while shee sinkes in deepe despayre. Anon 
Shee fully myndes to give attempt, but shame doth hold her in. 
Shee wisshes and shee wotes not what too doo, nor how too gin. 
And like as when a mightye tree with axes heawed rownd, 420 

Now reedye with a strype or twaine to lye uppon the grownd, 
Uncerteine is which way to fall and tottreth every way : 
Even so her mynd with dowtfull wound efFeebled then did stray 
Now heere now there uncerteinely, and tooke of bothe encreace. 
No measure of her love was found, no rest, nor yit releace, 
Save onely death. Death likes her best. Shee ryseth, full in mynd 
To hang herself. About a post her girdle she doth bynd. 
And sayd farewell deere Cinyras, and understand the cause 
Of this my death. And with that woord about her necke shee drawes 
The nooze. Her trustye nurce that in another Chamber lay, 430 

By fortune heard the whispring sound of theis her woordes (folk say). 
The aged woman rysing up unboltes the doore. And whan 
Shee saw her in that plyght of death, shee shreeking out began > 

Too smyght her self, and scratcht her brest, and quickly too her ran J 
And rent the girdle from her necke. Then weeping bitterly 
And holding her betweene her armes, shee askt the question why > 
Shee went about to hang her self so unadvisedly. J 

The Lady hilld her peace as dumb, and looking on the ground 
Unmovably, was sorye in her hart for beeing found 

Before shee had dispatcht herself. Her nurce still at her lay, 440 

And shewing her her emptie dugges and naked head all gray, 
Besought her for the paynes shee tooke with her both night and day 
In rocking and in feeding her, shee would vouchsafe to say 
What ere it were that greeved her. The Ladye turnd away 
Displeasde and fetcht a sygh. The nurce was fully bent in mynd 
Too bowlt the matter out : for which not onely shee did bynd 
Her fayth, in secret things to keepe : but also sayd, put mee 
In trust too fynd a remedye. I am not (thou shalt see) > 

Yit altoogither dulld by age. If furiousenesse it bee, J 

I have bothe charmes and chaunted herbes to help. If any wyght 450 

Bewitcheth thee, by witchcraft I will purge and set thee quyght. 
Or if it bee the wrath of God, we shall with sacrifyse 
Appease the wrath of God right well. What may I more surmyse ? 

2 e 209 



No theeves have broken in uppon this house and spoyld the welth. 

Thy mother and thy father bothe are living and in helth. 

When Myrrha heard her father naamd, a greevous sygh she fet 

Even from the bottom of her hart. Howbeet the nurce as yet 

Misdeemd not any wickednesse. But nerethelesse shee gest 

There was some love : and standing in one purpose, made request 

Too breake her mynd untoo her. And shee set her tenderly 460 

Uppon her lappe. The Ladye wept and sobbed bitterly. ^ 

Then culling her in feeble armes, shee sayd I well espye 

Thou art in love. My diligence in this behalf I sweare 

Shall servisable too thee bee. Thou shalt not neede too feare 

That ere thy father shall it knowe. At that same woord shee lept 

From nurces lappe like one that had beene past her witts, and stept 

With fury to her bed, at which shee leaning downe hir face 

Sayd, hence I pray thee : force mee not to shewe my shamefull cace. 

And when the nurce did urge her still, shee answered eyther get 

The hence, or ceace too aske mee why myself I thus doo fret : 470 

The thing that thou desyrste too knowe is wickednesse. The old 

Poore nurce gan quake, and trembling both for age and feare did hold 

Her handes to her. And kneeling downe right humbly at her feete, 

One whyle shee fayre intreated her with gentle woordes and sweete, 

Another whyle (onlesse shee made her privie of her sorrow) 

Shee threatned her, and put her in a feare shee would next morrow 

Bewray her how shee went about to hang herself. But if 

Shee told her, shee did plyght her fayth and help too her releef. 

Shee lifted up her head, and then with teares fast gusshing out 

Beesloobered all her nurces brest : and going oft about 480 

Too speake, shee often stayd : and with her garments hid her face 

For shame, and lastly sayd : O happye is my moothers cace 

That such a husband hath : with that a greevous sygh shee gave, 

And hilld her peace. Theis woordes of hers a trembling chilnesse drave 

In nurcis limbes, which perst her bones : (for now shee understood 

The cace) and all her horye heare up stiffly staring stood : 

And many things she talkt to put away her cursed love, 

If that it had beene possible the madnesse to remove. 

The Mayd herself to be full trew the councell dooth espye : 

Yit if shee may not have her love shee fully myndes to dye. 490 

Live still (quoth nurce) thou shalt obteine (shee durst not say thy father, 

But stayd at that.) And forbycause that Myrrha should the rather 

Beleeve her, shee confirmd her woordes by othe. The yeerely feast 

Of gentle Ceres came, in which the wyves bothe moste and least 

Appareld all in whyght, are woont the firsdings of the feeld 

Fyne garlonds made of eares of corne too Ceres for to yeeld. 

And for the space of thryce three nyghts they counted it a sin 

To have the use of any man, or once too touche his skin. 

Among theis women did the Queene freequent the secret rites. 

Now whyle that of his lawfull wyfe his bed was voyd a nyghtes, 500 

The nurce was dooble diligent : and fynding Cinyras 
Well washt with wyne, shee did surmyse there was a pretye lasse 
In love with him. And hyghly shee her beawty setteth out. 
And beeing asked of her yeeres, she sayd shee was about 

210 



The age of Myrrha: well (quoth he) then bring her too my bed. 
Returning home shee sayd : bee glad my nurcechilde : we have sped. 
Not all so wholly in her hart was wretched Myrrha glad, 
But that her fore misgiving mynd did also make her sad. 
Howbeete shee also did rejoyce as in a certaine kynd, 

Such discord of affections was within her combred mynd. 510 

It was the tyme that all things rest. And now Bootes bryght, 
The driver of the Oxen seven about the northpole pyght, 
Had sumwhat turnd his wayne asyde, when wicked Myrrha sped 
About her buysnesse. Out of heaven the golden Phcebee fled. ) 

With clowds more black than any pitch the starres did hyde their hed. J 
The nyght beecommeth utter voyd of all her woonted lyght. 
And first before all other hid their faces out of syght 
Good Icar and Erigonee his daughter, who for love 
Most vertuous too her fatherward, was taken up above 

And made a starre in heaven. Three tymes had Myrrha warning given 520 
By stumbling, to retyre. Three tymes the deathfull Owle that eeven 
With doolefull noyse prognosticates unhappie lucke. Yet came 
Shee forward still : the darknesse of the nyght abated shame. 
Her left hand held her nurce, her right the darke blynd way did grope. 
Anon shee too the chamber came : anon the doore was ope : 
Anon shee entred in : with that her foltring hammes did quake : 
Her colour dyde : her blood and hart did cleerly her forsake. 
The neerer shee approched too her wickednesse, the more 
Shee trembled : Or her enterpryse it irked her full sore : 

And fayn shee would shee might unknowen have turned back. Nurce led "] 530 
Her pawsing forward by the hand : and putting her too bed, > 

Heere take this Damzell Cinyras, shee is thine owne shee sed. J 

And so shee layd them brest too brest. The wicked father takes 
His bowelles intoo filthy bed, and there with wordes asslakes 
The maydens feare, and cheeres her up. And least this cryme of theyres 
Myght want the ryghtfull termes, by chaunce as in respect of yeeres 
He daughter did hir call, and shee him father. Beeing sped 
With cursed seede in wicked womb, shee left her fathers bed, 
Of which soone after shee became greate bagged with her shame. 
Next night the lewdnesse doubled. And no end was of the same, 550 

Untill at length that Cinyras desyrous for to knowe 
His lover that so many nyghts uppon him did bestowe, 
Did fetch a light : by which he sawe his owne most heynous cryme, 
And eeke his daughter. Nathelesse, his sorrow at that time 
Represt his speeche. Then hanging by he drew a Rapier bryght. 
Away ran Myrrha, and by meanes of darknesse of the nyght 
Shee was delivered from the death : and straying in the broade 
Datebearing feeldes of Arabye, shee through Panchaya yode, 
And wandring full nyne moonethes, at length shee rested beeing tyrde 
In Saba land. And when the tyme was neere at hand expyrde, 550 

And that uneath the burthen of her womb shee well could beare, 
Not knowing what she might desyre, distrest betweene the feare 
Of death, and tediousnesse of lyfe, this prayer shee did make. 
O Goddes, if of repentant folke you any mercye take, 
Sharpe vengeance I confesse I have deserved, and content 

211 



1 am to take it paciently. How bee it too thentent 

That neyther with my lyfe the quick, nor with my death the dead 

Anoyed bee, from both of them exempt mee this same sted. 

And altring mee, deny too mee both lyfe and death. We see 

Too such as doo confesse theyr faults sum mercy shewd too bee. 560 

TheGoddes did graunt her this request, the last that she should make. 

The ground did overgrow hir feete, and ancles as shee spake. 

And from her bursten toes went rootes, which wrything heere and there 

Did fasten so the trunk within the ground, shee could not steare. 

Her bones did intoo timber turne, whereof the marie was 

The pith, and into watrish sappe the blood of her did passe. 

Her armes were turnd too greater boughes, her fingars into twig, 

Her skin was hardned into bark. And now her belly big 

The eatching tree had overgrowen, and overtane her brest, 

And hasted for to win her neck, and hyde it with the rest. 570 

Shee made no taryence nor delay, but met the comming tree, 

And shroonk her face within the barke therof. Although that shee 

Toogither with her former shape her senses all did loose, 

Yit weepeth shee, and from her tree warme droppes doo softly woose : 

The which her teares are had in pryce and honour. And the Myrrhe 

That issueth from her gummy bark dooth beare the name of her, 

And shall doo whyle the world dooth last. The misbegotten chyld 
Grew still within the tree, and from his mothers womb defyld 
Sought meanes too bee delyvered. Her burthened womb did swell 
Amid the tree, and stretcht her out. But woordes wherwith to tell 580 

And utter foorth her greef did want. She had no use of speech 
With which Lucina in her throwes shee might of help beseech. 
Yit like a woman labring was the tree, and bowwing downe 
Gave often sighes, and shed foorth teares as though shee there should drowne. 
Lucina to this wofull tree came gendy downe, and layd 
Her hand theron, and speaking woordes of ease, the midwife playd. 
The tree did cranye, and the barke deviding made away, 
And yeelded out the chyld alyve, which cryde and wayld streyght way. > 
The waternymphes uppon the soft sweete hearbes the chyld did lay, 
And bathde him with his mothers teares. His face was such, as spyght 590 
Must needes have praysd. For such he was in all condicions right, 
As are the naked Cupids that in tables picturde bee. 
But too thentent he may with them in every poynt agree, 
Let eyther him bee furnisshed with wings and quiver light, 
Or from the Cupids take theyr wings and bowes and arrowes quight. 
Away slippes fleeting tyme unspyde and mocks us too our face, 
And nothing may compare with yeares in swiftnesse of theyr pace. 
That wretched imp whom wickedly his graundfather begate, 
And whom his cursed suster bare, who hidden was alate 

Within the tree, and lately borne, became immediatly 600 

The beawtyfullyst babe on whom man ever set his eye. 
Anon a stripling hee became, and by and by a man, 
And every day more beawtifull than other he becam. 
That in the end Dame Venus fell in love with him : wherby 
He did revenge the outrage of his mothers villanye. 
For as the armed Cupid kist Dame Venus, unbeware 



212 



An arrow sticking out did raze hir brest uppon the bare. 

The Goddesse being wounded, thrust away her sonne. The wound 

Appeered not too bee so deepe as afterward was found. 

It did deceyve her at the first. The beawty of the lad 610 

Inflaamd hir. Too Cythera He no mynd at all shee had, 

Nor untoo Paphos where the sea beats round about the shore, ~| 

Nor fisshy Gnyde, nor Amathus that hath of mettalls store : \ 

Yea even from heaven shee did absteyne. Shee lovd Adonis more J 

Than heaven. To him shee dinged ay, and bare him companye. \ 

And in the shadowe woont shee was too rest continually, \ 

And for too set her beawtye out most seemely too the eye 

By trimly decking of her self. Through bushy grounds and groves, 

And over Hills and Dales, and Lawnds and stony rocks shee roves, 

Bare kneed with garment tucked up according too the woont 620 

Of Phebe, and shee cheerd the hounds with hallowing like a hunt, 

Pursewing game of hurtlesse sort, as Hares made lowe before, 

Or stagges with loftye heades, or bucks. But with the sturdy Boare, 

And ravening woolf, and Bearewhelpes armd with ugly pawes, and eeke 

The cruell Lyons which delyght in blood, and slaughter seeke, 

Shee meddled not. And of theis same shee warned also thee 

Adonis for too shoonne them, if thou wooldst have warned bee. 

Bee bold on cowards (Venus sayd) for whoso dooth advaunce 

Himselfe against the bold, may hap too meete with sum mischaunce. 

Wherfore I pray thee my sweete boy forbeare too bold too bee, 630 

For feare thy rashnesse hurt thy self and woork the wo of mee. 

Encounter not the kynd of beastes whom nature armed hath, 

For dowt thou buy thy prayse too deere procuring thee sum scath. 

Thy tender youth, thy beawty bryght, thy countnance fayre and brave 

Although they had the force too win the hart of Venus, have 

No powre ageinst the Lyons, nor ageinst the bristled swyne. 

The eyes and harts of savage beasts doo nought too theis inclyne. 

The cruell Boares beare thunder in theyr hooked tushes, and 

Exceeding force and feercenesse is in Lyons too withstand, 

And sure I hate them at my hart. Too him demaunding why? 640 

A monstrous chaunce (quoth Venus) I will tell thee by and by, 

That hapned for a fault. But now unwoonted toyle hath made 

Mee weerye : and beholde, in tyme this Poplar with his shade 

Allureth, and the ground for cowch dooth serve too rest uppon. 

I prey thee let us rest us heere. They sate them downe anon, 

And lying upward with her head uppon his lappe along, 

Shee thus began : and in her tale shee bussed him among. 

Perchaunce thou hast or this tyme hard of one that overcame 
The swiftest men in footemanshippe : no fable was that same. 
She overcame them out of dowt. And hard it is to tell 650 

Thee whither she did in footemanshippe or beawty more excell. 
Uppon a season as she askt of Phebus, what he was 
That should her husband bee, he sayd. For husband doo not passe, 
O Atalanta, thou at all of husband hast no neede : 
Shonne husbanding. But yit thou canst not shonne it I thee reede ; 
Alyve thou shalt not be thy self. Shee being sore afrayd 
Of this Apollos Oracle, did keepe herself a mayd, 

213 



And lived in the shady woodes. When wooers to her came, 

And were of her importunate, shee drave away the same > 

With boystous woordes, and with the sore condition of the game. 660 

I am not too be had (quoth shee) onlesse yee able bee 

In ronning for too vanquish mee. Yee must contend with mee 

In footemanshippe. And who so winnes the wager, I agree 

Too bee his wife. But if that he bee found too slowe, then hee 

Shall lose his head. This of your game the verrye law shall bee. 

Shee was in deede unmercifull. But such is beawties powre, 

That though the sayd condition were extreme and over sowre, 

Yit many suters were so rash too undertake the same. 

Hippomenes as a looker on of this uncurteous game, 

Sate by, and sayd : Is any man so mad to seeke a wyfe 670 

With such apparant perill and the hazard of his lyfe ? 

And utterly he did condemne the yongmens love. But when 

He saw her face and bodye bare, (for why the Lady then 

Did strippe her too her naked skin) the which was like too myne, 

Or rather (if that thou wert made a woman) like too thyne : 

He was amazde. And holding up his hands too heaven, he sayth : 

Forgive mee you with whom I found such fault even now : In fayth 

I did not know the wager that yee ran for. As hee prayseth 

The beawty of her, in him selfe the fyre of love he rayseth. 

And through an envy fearing least shee should a way be woonne, 680 

He wisht that nere a one of them so swift as shee might roonne. 

And wherfore (quoth hee), put not I myself in preace too trye 

The fortune of this wager ? God himself continually 

Dooth help the bold and hardye sort. Now whyle Hippomenes 

Debates theis things within himselfe and other like to these, 

The Damzell ronnes as if her feete were wings. And though that shee 

Did fly as swift as arrow from a Turkye bowe : yit hee 

More woondred at her beawtye than at swiftnesse of her pace : 

Her ronning greatly did augment her beawtye and her grace. 

The wynd ay whisking from her feete the labells of her socks 690 

Uppon her back as whyght as snowe did tosse her golden locks, 

And eeke thembroydred garters that were tyde beneathe her ham. 

A rednesse mixt with whyght uppon her tender bodye cam, 

As when a scarlet curtaine streynd ageinst a playstred wall 

Dooth cast like shadowe, making it seeme ruddye therwithall. 

Now whyle the straunger noted this, the race was fully ronne, 

And Atalant (as shee that had the wager cleerely wonne) 

Was crowned with a garlond brave. The vanquisht sighing sore, 

Did lose theyr lyves according too agreement made before. 

Howbeeit nought at all dismayd with theis mennes lucklesse cace 700 

He stepped foorth, and looking full uppon the maydens face, 

Sayd : wherfore doost thou seeke renowne in vanquisshing of such 

As were but dastards ? cope with mee. If fortune bee so much 

My freend too give mee victorie, thou needest not hold scorne 

Too yeeld too such a noble man as I am. I am borne 

The sonne of noble Megaree Onchestyes sonne, and hee 

Was sonne to Neptune. Thus am I great graundchyld by degree 

In ryght descent, of him that rules the waters. Neyther doo 

214 



I out of kynd degenerate from vertue meete thertoo. 

Or if my fortune bee so hard as vanquisht for too bee, 710 

Thou shalt obteine a famous name by overcomming mee. 

In saying thus, Atlanta cast a gentle loolce on him, 

And dowting whither shee rather had too lose the day or win, 

Sayd thus. What God an enmy to the beawtyfull, is bent 

Too bring this person to his end, and therfore hath him sent 
Too seeke a wyfe with hazard of his lyfe? If I should bee 
Myselfe the judge in this behalfe, there is not sure in mee 
That dooth deserve so deerely too bee earned. Neyther dooth 
His beawty moove my hart at all. Yit is it such in sooth 

As well might moove mee. But bycause as yit a chyld he is, 720 

His person mooves mee not so much as dooth his age Iwis. 
Beesydes that manhod is in him, and mynd unfrayd of death : 
Beesydes that of the watrye race from Neptune as he seth 
He is the fowrth : beesydes that he dooth love mee, and dooth make 
So great accompt too win mee too his wyfe, that for my sake 
He is contented for too dye, if fortune bee so sore 
Ageinst him too denye him mee. Thou straunger hence therfore. 
Away I say now whyle thou mayst, and shonne my bloody bed. 
My mariage cruell is, and craves the losing of thy hed. 

There is no wench but that would such a husband gladly catch, 730 

And shee that wyse were, myght desyre too meete with such a match. 
But why now after heading of so many, doo I care 
For thee ? Looke thou too that. For sith so many men as are 
Alreadye put too slawghter can not warne thee too beeware, 
But that thou wilt bee weerye of thy lyfe, dye : doo not spare. 
And shall he perrish then bycause he sought to live with mee ? 
And for his love unwoorthely with death rewarded bee ? 
All men of such a victory will speake too foule a shame. 
But all the world can testifye that I am not too blame. 

Would God thou wouldst desist. Or else bycause thou are so mad, 740 

I would too God a litle more thy feete of swiftnesse had. 
Ah what a maydens countenance is in this chyldish face ? 
Ah foolish boy Hippomines, how wretched is thy cace ? 
I would thou never hadst mee seene. Thou woorthy art of lyfe. 
And if so bee I happy were, and that too bee a wyfe 
The cruell destnyes had not mee forbidden, sure thou art 
The onely wyght with whom I would bee matcht with all my hart. > 

This spoken : shee yit rawe, and but new striken with the dart J 

Of Cupid, beeing ignorant, did love and knew it nat. 
Anon her father and the folk assembled, willed that 750 

They should begin theyr woonted race. Then Neptunes issue prayd 
With carefull hart and voyce too mee, and thus devoudy sayd, V 

O Venus, favor myne attempt, and send mee downe thyne ayd J 

Too compasse my desyred love which thou hast on mee layd. 
His prayer movd mee (I confesse), and long I not delayd 
Before I helpt him. Now there is a certaine feeld the which 
The Cyprian folk call Damasene, most fertile and most rich 

215 



Of all the Cyprian feelds : the same was consecrate too mee "| 

In auncient tyme, and of my Church the glebland woont too bee. > 

Amid this feeld, with golden leaves there growes a goodly tree J 760 

The crackling boughes whereof are all of yellew gold. I came 

And gathered golden Apples three : and bearing thence the same 

Within my hand, immediatly too Hippomen I gat 

Invisible too all wyghts else save him and taught him what 

Too doo with them. The Trumpets blew : and girding forward, both 

Set foorth, and on the hovering dust with nimble feete eche goth. 

A man would think they able were uppon the Sea too go 

And never wet theyr feete, and on the ayles of corne also 

That still is growing in the feeld, and never downe them tread. 

The man tooke courage at the showt and woordes of them that sed, 770 

Now now is tyme Hippomenes too ply it, hye a pace : 

Enforce thyself with all thy strength : lag not in any cace : 

Thou shalt obteine. It is a thing ryght dowtfull whither hee 

At theis well willing woordes of theyrs rejoysed more, or shee. 

O Lord how often when shee might outstrippe him did shee stay, 

And gazed long uppon his face, right loth too go her way ? 

A weerye breath proceeded from theyr parched lippes, and farre 

They had too ronne. Then Neptunes imp her swiftnesse too disbarre, 

Trolld downe a toneside of the way an Apple of the three. 

Amazde thereat, and covetous of the goodly Apple, shee 780 

Did step asyde and snatched up the rolling frute of gold. 

With that Hippomenes coted her. The folke that did behold 

Made noyse with clapping of theyr hands. She recompenst her slothe 

And losse of tyme with footemanshippe : and streight ageine outgothe 

Hippomenes, leaving him behind : and beeing stayd agen 

With taking up the second, shee him overtooke. And when 

The race was almost at an end : He sayd : O Goddesse, thou 

That art the author of this gift, assist mee freendly now. 

And therwithall, of purpose that she might the longer bee 

In comming, hee with all his might did bowle the last of three 790 

A skew a toneside of the feelde. The Lady seemde too make 

A dowt in taking of it up. I forced her too take 

It up, and too the Apple I did put a heavy weyght, 

And made it of such massinesse shee could not lift it streight. 

And least that I in telling of my tale may longer bee 

Than they in ronning of their race, outstripped quight was shee. 

And he that wan her, marying her enjoyd her for his fee. 

Thinkst thou I was not woorthy thanks, Adonis, thinkest thow 
I earned not that he too mee should frankincence allow ? 
But he forgetfull, neyther thanks nor frankincence did give. 800 

By meanes wherof too sooden wrath he justly did me drive, 
For beeing greeved with the spyght, bycause I would not bee 
Despysd of such as were too come, I thought it best for mee 
Too take such vengeance of them both as others might take heede 
By them. And so ageinst them both in anger I proceede. 

216 



A temple of the mother of the Goddes that vowwed was 

And buylded by Echion in a darksome grove, they passe. 

There through my might Hippomenes was toucht and stirred so, 

That needes he would too Venerie though out of season go. 

Not farre from this same temple was with little light a den 810 

With pommye vawlted naturally, long consecrate ere then 

For old religion, not unlike a cave : wher priests of yore 

Bestowed had of Images of wooden Goddes good store. 

Hippomenes entring herintoo defyld the holy place 

With his unlawfull lust : from which the Idolls turnd theyr face. 

And Cybell with the towred toppes disdeyning, dowted whither 

Shee in the lake of Styx might drowne the wicked folk toogither. 

The pennance seemed over lyght, and therefore shee did cawse 

Thinne yellow manes to growe uppon theyr necks : and hooked pawes 

In stead of fingars too succeede. Theyr shoulders were the same 820 

They were before : with woondrous force deepe brested they beecame. 

Theyr looke beecame feerce, cruell, grim, and sowre : a tufted tayle 

Stretcht out in length farre after them upon the ground dooth trayle. 

In stead of speech they rore : in stead of bed they haunt the wood : 

And dreadfull unto others, they for all theyr cruell moode 

With tamed teeth chank Cybells bitts in shape of Lyons. Shonne 

Theis beastes, deere hart : and not from theis alonely see thou ronne, 

But also from eche other beast that turnes not backe too flight, 

But offreth with his boystows brest too try the chaunce of fyght : 

Anemis least thy valeantnesse bee hurtfull to us both. 830 

This warning given, with yoked swannes away through aire she goth. 

But manhod by admonishment restreyned could not bee. 
By chaunce his hounds in following of the tracke, a Boare did see, 
And rowsed him. And as the swyne was comming from the wood 
Adonis hit him with a dart a skew, and drew the blood. 
The Boare streyght with his hooked groyne the huntingstaffe out drew 
Bestayned with his blood, and on Adonis did pursew, 
Who trembling and retyring back too place of refuge drew, 
And hyding in his codds his tuskes as farre as he could thrust 
He layd him all along for dead uppon the yellow dust. 840 

Dame Venus in her chariot drawen with swannes was scarce arrived 
At Cyprus, when shee knew a farre the sygh of him depry ved 
Of lyfe. Shee turnd her Cygnets backe, and when shee from the skye 
Beehilld him dead, and in his blood beweltred for to lye, 
Shee leaped downe, and tare at once hir garments from her brist, 
And rent her heare, and beate uppon her stomack with her fist, 
And blaming sore the destnyes, sayd : Yit shall they not obteine 
Their will in all things. Of my greefe remembrance shall remayne 
(Adonis) whyle the world doth last. From yeere too yeere shall growe 
A thing that of my heavinesse and of thy death shall showe > 850 

The lively likenesse. In a flowre thy blood I will bestowe. J 

Hadst thou the powre Persephonee rank sented Mints too make 
Of womens limbes? and may not I lyke powre upon mee take 

2 F 217 



) 



Without disdeine and spyght, too turne Adonis too a flowre? 

This scd, shee sprinckled Nectar on the blood, which through the powre 

Therof did swell like bubbles sheere that ryse in weather cleere 

On water. And before that full an howre expyred weere, 

Of all one colour with the blood a flowre she there did fynd, 

Even like the flowre of that same tree whose frute in tender rynde 

Have pleasant graynes inclosde. Howbeet the use of them is short. 860 

For why the leaves doo hang so looce through lightnesse in such sort, 

As that the windes that all things perce, with every little blast 

Doo shake them of and shed them so, as that they cannot last. 



Finis detimi Libri. 



218 




THE ELEVENTH BOOKE 

of Ovids Metamorphosis, 

|OW whyle the Thracian Poet with this song delyghts y mynds 
Of savage beastes, & drawes both stones and trees ageynst their 
Behold the wyves of Ciconie with reddeerskinnes about [kynds, 
Their furious brists, as in the feeld they gadded on a rout, 
Espyde him from a hillocks toppe still singing too his harp. 
Of whom one shooke her head at him, and thus began to carp. 
\ Behold (sayes shee) behold yoonsame is he that doth disdeine 
Us women. And with that same woord shee sent her lawnce amayne 
At Orphyes singing mouth. The Lawnce armd round about with leaves, 
Did hit him, and without a wound a marke behynd it leaves. 10 

Another threw a stone at him, which vanquisht with his sweete 
And most melodius harmonye, fell humbly at his feete 
As sorye for the furious act it purposed. But rash 
And heady ryot out of frame all reason now did dash, 
And frantik outrage reigned. Yit had the sweetenesse of his song 
Appeasd all weapons, saving that the noyse now growing strong 
With blowing shalmes, and beating drummes, and bedlem howling out, 
And clapping hands on every syde by Bacchus drunken rout, 
Did drowne the sownd of Orphyes harp. Then first of all stones were 
Made ruddy with the prophets blood, and could not give him eare. 20 

And first the flocke of Bacchus froes by violence brake the ring 
Of Serpents, birds, and savage beastes that for to heere him sing 
Sate gazing round about him there. And then with bluddy hands 
They ran uppon the prophet who among them singing stands. 
They flockt about him like as when a sort of birds have found 
An Owle a day tymes in a tod : and hem him in full round, 
As when a Stag by hungrye hownds is in a morning found, 
The which forestall him round about and pull him to the ground. 
Even so the prophet they assayle, and throwe their Thyrses greene 
At him, which for another use than that invented beene. 30 

Sum cast mee clods, sum boughes of trees, and sum threw stones. And least 
That weapon, wherwithall too wreake their woodnesse which increast, 
Should want, it chaunst that Oxen by were tilling of the ground 
And labring men with brawned armes not farre fro thence were found 
A digging of the hardned earth, and earning of theyr food, 
With sweating browes. They seeing this same rout, no longer stood, 
But ran away and left theyr tooles behynd them. Every where 
Through all the feeld theyr mattocks, rakes, and shovells scattred were. 
Which when the cruell feends had caught, and had a sunder rent 
The horned Oxen, backe ageine to Orphjwzrd they went, 40 

And (wicked wights) they murthred him, who never till that howre 
Did utter woordes in vaine, nor sing without effectuall powre. 
And through that mouth of his (oh lord) which even the stones had heard, 
And unto which the witlesse beastes had often given regard, 
His ghost then breathing intoo aire, departed. Even the fowles 
Were sad for Orphye, and the beast with sorye syghing howles : 

219 



The rugged stones did moorne for him, the woods which many a tyme 

Had followed him too heere him sing, bewayled this same cryme. 

Yea even the trees lamenting him did cast theyr leavy heare. 

The rivers also with theyr teares (men say) encreased were. 50 

Yea and the Nymphes of brookes and woods uppon theyr streames did sayle 

With scattred heare about theyr eares, in boats with sable sayle. 

His members lay in sundrie steds. His head and harp both cam 

To Hebrus and (a woondrous thing) as downe the streame they swam, 

His Harp did yeeld a moorning sound : his livelesse toong did make 

A certeine lamentable noyse as though it still yit spake, 

And bothe the banks in moorning wyse made answer too the same. 

At length a downe theyr country streame too open sea they came, 

And lyghted on Methymnye shore in Lesbos land. And there 

No sooner on the forreine coast now cast a land they were, 60 

But that a cruell naturde Snake did streyght uppon them fly, 

And licking on his ruffled heare the which was dropping drye, 

Did gape too tyre uppon those lippes that had beene woont to sing 

Most heavenly hymnes. But Phebus streyght preventing that same thing, 

Dispoynts the Serpent of his bit, and turnes him into stone 

With gaping chappes. Already was the Ghost of Orphye gone 

To Plutos realme, and there he all the places eft beehilld 

The which he heretoofore had seene. And as he sought the feeld 

Of fayre Elysion (where the soules of godly folk doo woonne,) 

He found his wyfe Eutydkee, to whom he streyght did roonne 70 

And hilld her in imbracing armes. There now he one while walks 

Toogither with hir cheeke by cheeke : another while he stalks 

Before her, and another whyle he followeth her. And now 

Without all kinde of forfeyture he saufly myght avow 

His looking bakward at his wyfe. But Bacchus greeved at 

The murther of the Chapleine of his Orgies, suffred not 

The mischeef unrevengd too bee. For by and by he bound 

The Thracian women by the feete with writhen roote in ground, > 

As many as consenting too this wicked act were found. J 

And looke how much that eche of them the prophet did pursew, 80 

So much he sharpening of their toes, within the ground them drew. 

And as the bird, that fynds her leg besnarled in the net 

The which the fowlers suttlelye hathe clocely for her set, 

And feeles shee cannot get away, stands flickering with her wings, 

And with her fearefull leaping up drawes clocer still the strings : 

So eche of theis, when in the ground they fastned were, assayd 

Aflayghted for to fly away. But every one was stayd 

With winding roote which hilld her downe : her frisking could not boote. 

And whyle she lookte what was become of To, of nayle, and foote, 

Shee sawe her leggs growe round in one, and turning intoo woode. 90 

And as her thyghes with violent hand shee sadly striking stoode, 

Shee felt them tree : her brest was tree : her shoulders eeke were tree. 

Her armes long boughes yee myght have thought, and not deceyved bee. 

But Bacchus was not so content : he quyght forsooke their land, 

And with a better companye removed out of hand 
Unto the Vyneyarde of his owne mount Tmo/us, and the river 
Pactolus though as yit no streames of gold it did deliver, 

220 



Ne spyghted was for precious sands. His olde accustomd rout 
Of woodwards and of franticke froes envyrond him about. 

But t>ld Silenus was away. The Phrygian ploughmen found ioo 

Him reeling bothe for droonkennesse and age, and brought him bound 
With garlands, unto Midas king of Phrygia, unto whom 
The Thracian Orphye and the preest Eumolphus comming from 
The towne of Athens erst had taught the Orgies. When he knew 
His fellowe and companion of the selfe same badge and crew : 
Uppon the comming of this guest, he kept a feast the space 
Of twyce fyve dayes and twyce fyve nyghts toogither in that place. 
And now theleventh tyme Lucifer had mustrcd in the sky 
The heavenly host, when Midas commes too Lydia jocundly 
And yeeldes the old Silenus too his fosterchyld. He glad 1 10 

That he his fosterfather had eftsoones recovered, bad 
King Midas ask him what he would. Right glad of that was hee, 
But not a whit at latter end the better should he bee. 
He minding too misuse his giftes, sayd : graunt that all and some 
The which my body towcheth bare may yellow gold become. 
God Bacchus graunting his request, his hurtfull gift performd, 
And that he had not better wisht he in his stomacke stormd. 
Rejoycing in his harme away full merye goes the king : 
And for too try his promis true he towcheth every thing. 
Scarce giving credit too himself, he pulled yoong greene twiggs 1 20 

From of an Holmetree : by and by all golden were the spriggs. 
He tooke a flintstone from the ground, the stone likewyse became 
Pure gold. He towched next a clod of earth, and streight the same 
By force of towching did become a wedge of yellow gold. 
He gathered eares of rypened come : immediatly, beholde, 
The corne was gold. An Apple then he pulled from a tree : 
Yee would have thought the Hesperids had given it him. If hee 
On Pillars high his fingars layd, they glistred like the sonne. 
The water where he washt his hands did from his hands so ronne, 
As Danae might have beene therwith beguyld. He scarce could hold 130 

His passing joyes within his hart, for making all things gold. 
Whyle he thus joyd, his officers did spred the boord anon, 
And set downe sundry sorts of meate and mancheate theruppon. 
Then whither his hand did towch the bread, the bread was massy gold : 
Or whither he chawde with hungry teeth his meate, yee might behold 
The peece of meate betweene his jawes a plate of gold too bee. 
In drinking wine and water mixt, yee myght discerne and see 
The liquid gold ronne downe his throte. Amazed at the straunge 
Mischaunce, and being both a wretch and rich, he wisht too chaunge 
His riches for his former state, and now he did abhorre 140 

The thing which even but late before he cheefly longed for. 
No meate his hunger slakes : his throte is shrunken up with thurst : 
And justly dooth his hatefull gold torment him as accurst. 
Then lifting up his sory armes and handes too heaven, he cryde : 
O father Bacchus pardon mee. My sinne I will not hyde. 
Have mercy I beseech thee and vouchsauf too rid mee quyght 
From this same harme that seemes so good and glorious untoo syght. 
The gentle Bacchus streight uppon confession of his cryme 



221 



Restored Midas too the state hee had in former tyme. 

And having made performance of his promis, hee beereft him 150 

The gift that he had graunted him. And least he should have left him 

Beedawbed with the dregges of that same gold which wickedly 

Hee wisshed had, he willed him too get him by and by 

Too that great ryver which dooth ronne by Sardis towne, and there 

Along the chanell up the streame his open amies to beare 

Untill he commeth too the spring : and then his head too put 

Full underneathe the foming spowt where greatest was the gut, 

And so in wasshing of his limbes too wash away his cryme. 

The king (as was commaunded him) ageinst the streame did clyme. 

And streyght the powre of making gold departing quyght from him, 1 60 

Infects the ryver, making it with golden streame too swim. 

The force whereof the bankes about so soked in theyr veynes, 

That even as yit the yellow gold uppon the cloddes remaynes. 

Then Midas hating riches haunts the pasturegrounds and groves, 
And up and down with Pan among the Lawnds and mountaines roves. 
But still a head more fat than wyse, and doltish wit he hath, 
The which as erst, yit once againe must woork theyr mayster scath. 
The mountayne Tmole from loftye toppe too seaward looketh downe, 
And spreading farre his boorely sydes, extendeth too the towne 
Of Sardis with the tonesyde and too Hypep with the toother. 1 70 

There Pan among the fayrye elves that dawnced round toogither 
In setting of his conning out for singing and for play 
Uppon his pype of reedes and wax, presuming for too say 
Apollos musick was not like too his, did take in hand 
A farre unequall match, wherof the Tmole forjudge should stand. 
The auncient judge sitts downe uppon his hill, and ridds his eares 
From trees : and onely on his head an Oken garlond weares, 
Wherof the Acornes dangled downe about his hollow brow. 
And looking on the God of neate he sayd : yee neede not now 
Too tarry longer for your judge. Then Pan blew lowd and strong "| 180 

His country pype of reedes, and with his rude and homely song > 
Delighted Midas eares, for he by chaunce was in the throng. J 

When Pan had doone, the sacred Tmole too Phebus turnd his looke, 
And with the turning of his head his busshye heare he shooke. 
Then Phebus with a crowne of Bay uppon his golden heare 
Did sweepe the ground with scarlet robe. In left hand he did beare 
His viall made of precious stones and Ivorye intermixt, 
And in his right hand for too strike, his bowe was reedy fixt : 
He was the verrye paterne of a good Musician ryght. 

Anon he gan with conning hand the tuned strings too smyght, > 190 

The sweetenesse of the which did so the judge of them delyght, J 
That Pan was willed for to put his Reedepype in his cace 
And not too fiddle nor too sing where vialls were in place. 
The judgement of the holy hill was lyked well of all, 
Save Midas, who found fault therwith and wrongfull did it call. 
Apollo could not suffer well his foolish eares too keepe 

Theyr humaine shape, but drew them wyde, and made them long and deepe, 
And filled them full of whytish heares, and made them downe too sag, 
And through too much unstablenesse continually too wag. 

222 



His body keeping in the rest his manly figure still, 200 

Was ponnisht in the part that did offend for want of skill. 
And so a slowe paaste Asses eares his heade did after beare. 
This shame endevereth he too hyde. And therefore he did weare 
A purple nyghtcappe ever since. But yit his Barber who 
Was woont too notte him spyed it : and beeing eager too 
Disclose it, when he neyther durst too utter it, nor could 
It keepe in secret still, hee went and digged up the mowld, 
And whispring sofdy in the pit, declaard what eares hee spyde 
His mayster have, and turning downe the clowre ageine, did hyde 
His blabbed woordes within the ground, and closing up the pit 210 

Departed thence and never made mo woordes at all of it. 
Soone after, there began a tuft of quivering reedes too growe "] 

Which beeing rype bewrayd theyr seede and him that did them sowe : > 
For when the gende sowtherne wynd did lyghtly on them blowe, 
They uttred foorth the woordes that had beene buried in the ground, 
And so reprovde the Asses eares of Midas with theyr sound. 
Apollo after this revenge from Tmolus tooke his flyght : 
And sweeping through the ayre, did on the selfsame syde alyght 
Of Hellespontus, in the Realme of king Laomedon. 

There stoode uppon the right syde of Sig<eum, and uppon 220 

The left of Rhetye clifFe that tyme, an Altar buylt of old 
Too Jove that heereth all mennes woordes. Heere Phebus did behold 
The foresayd king Laomedon beginning for too lay 
Foundation of the walks of Troy : which woork from day too day 
Went hard and slowly forward, and requyrd no little charge, 
Then he toogither with the God that rules the surges large, 
Did put themselves in shape of men, and bargaynd with the king 
Of Phrygia for a summe of gold his woork too end too bring. 
Now when the woork was done, the king theyr wages them denayd, 
And falsly faaste them downe with othes it was not as they sayd. 230 

Thou shalt not mock us unrevendgd (quoth Neptune.) And anon 
He caused all the surges of the sea too rush uppon 
The shore of covetous Troy, and made the countrye like the deepe. 
The goodes of all the husbandmen away he quight did sweepe, 
And overwhelmd theyr feeldes with waves. And thinking this too small 
A pennance for the falshod, he demaunded therwithall 
His daughter for a monster of the Sea : whom beeing bound 
Untoo a rocke, stout Hercules delivering saufe and sound, > 

Requyrd his steeds which were the hyre for which he did compound. J 
And when that of so great desert the king denyde the hyre, 240 

The twyce forsworne false towne of Troy he sacked in his ire. 
And Telamon in honour of his service did enjoy 
The Lady Hesion daughter of the covetous king of Troy. 
For Peleus had already got a Goddesse too his wife, 
And lived untoo both theyr joyes a right renowmed lyfe. 
And sure he was not prowder of his graundsyre, than of thee 
That wert become his fathrinlaw. For many mo than hee > 

Have had the hap, of mighty Jove the nephewes for too bee. J 

But never was it heeretoofore the chaunce of any one 
Too have a Goddesse too his wyfe, save only his alone. 250 

223 



For untoo watry Thetis thus old Protew did foretell. 

Go marry : thou shalt beare a sonne whose dooings shall excell 

His fathers farre in feates of armes, and greater he shall bee 

In honour, hygh renowme, and fame, than ever erst was hee. 

This caused Jove the watry bed of Thetis too forbeare, 

Although his hart were more than warme with love of her, for feare 

The world sum other greater thing than Jove himself should breede, 

And willd the sonne of Ae'dcus this Peleus to succeede 

In that which he himself would faine have done, and for too take 

The Lady of the sea in armes a moother her too make. 260 

There is a bay of Thessaly that bendeth lyke a boawe. 

The sydes shoote foorth, where if the sea of any depth did flowe 
It were a haven. Scarcely dooth the water hyde the sand. 
It hath a shore so firme, that if a man theron doo stand, 
No print of foote remaynes behynd : it hindreth not ones pace, 
Ne covered is with hovering reeke. Adjoyning too this place, 
There is a grove of Myrtletrees with frute of dowle colour, 
And in the midds thereof a Cave. I can not tell you whither 
That nature or the art of man were maker of the same. 

It seemed rather made by arte. Oft Thetis hither came 270 

Starke naked, ryding bravely on a brydled Dolphins backe. 
There Peleus as shee lay a sleepe, uppon her often bracke. 
And forbycause that at her handes entreatance nothing winnes, 
He folding her about the necke with both his armes, beginnes 
Too offer force. And surely if shee had not falne too wyles, 
And shifted oftentymes her shape, he had obteind erewhyles. 
But shee became sumtymes a bird : He hilld her like a bird. 
Anon shee was a massye log : but Peleus never stird 
Awhit for that. Then thirdly shee of speckled Tyger tooke 
The ugly shape: for feare of whose most feerce and cruell looke, 280 

His armes he from her body twicht. And at his going thence, 
In honour of the watry Goddes he burned frankincence, 
And powred wyne uppon the sea, with fat of neate and sheepe : 
Untill the prophet, that dooth dwell within Carpathian deepe, 
Sayd thus. Thou sonne of Aeacus, thy wish thou sure shalt have 
Alonely when shee lyes a sleepe within her pleasant Cave. 
Cast grinnes too trappe her unbewares : hold fast with snarling knot : 
And though shee fayne a hundreth shapes, deceyve thee let her not, 
But sticke untoot what ere it bee, untill the tyme that shee 
Returneth too the native shape shee erst was woont too bee. 290 

When Protew thus had sed, within the sea he duckt his head, 
And suffred on his latter woordes the water for too spred. 
The lyghtsum Titan downeward drew, and with declyning chayre 
Approched too the westerne sea, when Neryes daughter fayre 
Returning from the sea, resorts too her accustomd cowch. 
And Peleus scarcely had begon hir naked limbes too towch, 
But that shee chaungd from shape to shape, untill at length shee found 
Herself surprysd. Then stretching out her armes with sighes profound 
Shee sayd : Thou overcommest mee, and not without the ayd 
Of God : and then she Thetis like, appeerd in shape of mayd. 300 

224 



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} 



The noble prince imbracing her obteynd her at his will 
Too both theyr joyes, and with the great Jchylles did her fill. 
A happye wyght was Peleus in his wyfe : A happy wyght 
Was Peleus also in his sonne. And if yee him acquight 
Of murthring Phocus, happy him in all things count yee myght. 
But giltye of his brothers blood, and bannisht for the same 
From bothe his fathers house and Realme, too Trachin sad he came. 
The sonne of lyghtsum Lucifer king Ceyx (who in face 
Exprest the lively beawtye of his fathers heavenly grace,) 

Without all violent rigor and sharpe executions reignd 310 

In Trachin. He right sad that tyme unlike himself, remaynd 
Yit moorning for his brothers chaunce transformed late before. 
When Peleus thither came, with care and travayle tyred sore, 
He left his cattell and his sheepe (whereof he brought great store) 
Behynd him in a shady vale not farre from Trachin towne, 
And with a little companye himself went thither downe. 
Assoone as leave too come too Court was graunted him, he bare 
A braunche of Olyf in his hand, and humbly did declare 
His name and lynage. Onely of his crime no woord hee spake, 
But of his flyght another cause pretensedly did make: 320 

Desyring leave within his towne or countrye too abyde. 
The king of Trachin gently thus too him ageine replyde. 
Our bownty too the meanest sort (O Peleus) dooth extend : 
Wee are not woont the desolate our countrye too forfend. 
And though I bee of nature most inclyned good too doo : 
Thyne owne renowme, thy graundsyre Jove are forcements thereuntoo. 
Misspend no longer tyme in sute. I gladly doo agree 

Too graunt thee what thou wilt desyre. Theis things that thou doost see > 
I would thou should account them as thyne owne : such as they bee J 

I would they better were. With that he weeped. Peleus and 330 

His freends desyred of his greef the cause too understand. 

He answerd thus. Perchaunce yee think this bird that lives by pray 
And putts all other birds in feare had wings and fethers ay. 
He was a man. And as he was right feerce in feats of armes, 
And stout and readye bothe too wreake and also offer harmes : 
So was he of a constant mynd. D<edalion men him hyght. 
Our father was that noble starre that brings the morning bryght, 
And in the welkin last of all gives place too Phebus lyght. 
My study was too maynteine peace, in peace was my delyght, 
And for too keepe mee true too her too whom my fayth is plyght. 340 

My brother had felicite in warre and bloody fyght. 
His prowesse and his force which now dooth chase in cruell flyght 
The Dooves of Thisbye since his shape was altred thus a new, 
Ryght puyssant Princes and theyr Realmes did heeretoofore subdew. 
He had a chyld calld Chyone, whom nature did endew 
With beawtye so, that when too age of fowreteene yeeres shee grew, 
A thousand Princes liking her did for hir favour sew. 
By fortune as bryght Phebus and the sonne of Lady May 
Came tone from Delphos y toother from mount Cyllen, by the way 
They saw her bothe at once, and bothe at once where tane in love. 350 

Apollo till the tyme of nyght differd his sute too move. 

2 G 225 



) 



But Hermes could not beare delay. He stroked on the face 

The mayden with his charmed rod which hath the powre too chace 

And bring in sleepe : the touch whereof did cast her in so dead 

A sleepe, that Hermes by and by his purpose of her sped. 

Assoone as nyght with twinclding starres the welkin had beesprent 

Apollo in an old wyves shape too Chyon clocely went, 

And tooke the pleasure which the sonne of Maya had forehent. 

Now when shee full her tyme had gon, shee bare by Mercurye 

A sonne that hyght Awtolychus, who provde a wyly pye, 360 

And such a fellow as in theft and filching had no peere. "] 

He was his fathers owne sonne right: he could mennes eyes so bleere, \ 

As for too make y black things whyght, and whyght things black appeere. J 

And by Apollo (for shee bare a payre) was borne his brother 

Philammon, who in musick arte excelled farre all other, 

As well in singing as in play. But what avayled it 

Too beare such twinnes, and of twoo Goddes in favour too have sit, 

And that shee too her father had a stowt and valeant knight, 

Or that her graundsyre was the sonne of Jove that God of might ? 

Dooth glorie hurt too any folk? It surely hurted her. 370 

For standing in her owne conceyt shee did herself prefer 

Before Diana, and dispraysd her face : who there with all 

Inflaamd with wrath, sayd : well, with deedes we better please her shall. 

Immediatly shee bent her bowe, and let an arrow go, 

Which strake her through the toong, whose spight deserved wounding so. 

Her toong wext dumb, her speech gan fayle that erst was over ryfe, 

And as shee stryved for too speake, away went blood and lyfe. 

How wretched was I then O God ? how strake it too my hart ? 

What woordes of comfort did I speake too ease my brothers smart ? 

Too which he gave his eare as much as dooth the stonny rocke 380 

Too hideous roring of the waves that doo against it knocke. 

There was no measure nor none ende in making of his mone, 

Nor in bewayling comfortlesse his daughter that was gone. 

But when he saw her bodye burne, fowre tymes with all his myght 

He russhed foorth too thrust himself amid the fyre in syght: \ 

Fowre tymes hee beeing thence repulst, did put himself too flyght, 

And ran mee wheras was no way, as dooth a Bullocke when 

A hornet stings him in the necke. Mee thought hee was as then 

More wyghter farre than any man. Yee would have thought his feete 

Had had sum wings. So fled he quyght from all, and being fleete 390 

Through eagernesse too dye, he gat too mount Parnasos knappe, 

And there Apollo pitying him and rewing his missehappe, 

When as Dadalion from the clifFe himself had headlong floong, 

Transformd him too a bird, and on the soodaine as hee hung 

Did give him wings, and bowwing beake, and hooked talants keene, 

And eeke a courage full as feerce as ever it had beene. 

And furthermore a greater strength he lent him therwithall, 

Than one would thinke conveyd myght bee within a roome so small. 

And now in shape of Gossehawke hee too none indifferent is, 

But wruakes his teene on all birds. And bycause him selfe ere this 400 

Did feele the force of sorrowes sting within his wounded hart, 

Hee maketh others oftentymes too sorrow and too smart. 

226 






As C<eyx of his brothers chaunce this wondrous story seth, 
Commes ronning thither all in haste and almost out of breth 
An<tor the Phocayan who was Pelyes herdman. Hee ] 

Sayd : Pelye Pelye I doo bring sad tydings untoo thee. ^ 

Declare it man (quoth Peleus) what ever that it bee. J 

King Ceyx at his fearefull woordes did stand in dowtfull stowne. 
Thiz noonetyde (quoth the herdman) Iche did drive your cattell downe 
Too zea, and zum a them did zit uppon the yellow zand 410 

And looked on the large mayne poole of water neere at hand. 
Zum roayled zoftly up and downe, and zum a them did zwim 
And bare their jolly horned heades aboove the water trim. 
A Church stondes neere the zea not deckt with gold nor marble stone 
But made of wood, and hid with trees that dreeping hang theron. 
A vissherman that zat and dryde hiz netts uppo the zhore 
Did tellz that Nereus and his Nymphes did haunt the place of yore, 
And how that thay beene Goddes a zea. There butts a plot vorgrowne 
With zallow trees uppon the zame, the which is overblowne 
With tydes, and is a marsh. Vrom thence a woolf an orped wyght 420 

With hideous noyse of rustling made the groundes neere hand afryght. 
Anon he commes mee buskling out bezmeared all his chappes 
With blood daubaken and with vome as veerce as thunder clappes. 
Hiz eyen did glaster red as vyre, and though he raged zore 
Vor vamin and vor madnesse bothe, yit raged he much more 
In madnesse. Vor hee cared not his hunger vor too zlake, 
Or i the death of oxen twoo or three an end too make : 
But wounded all the herd and made a havocke of them all, 
And zum of us too, in devence did happen vor too vail 

In daunger of his deadly chappes, and lost our lyves. The zhore 430 

And zea is staynd with blood, and all the ven is on a rore. 
Delay breedes losse. The cace denyes now dowting vor too stond, 
Whyle ought remaynes let all of us take weapon in our hond. 
Lets arme our zelves, and let uz altoogither on him vail. 

The herdman hilld his peace. The losse movde Peleus not at all, 
But calling his offence too mynde, he thought that Neryes daughter 
The chyldlesse Ladye Psamathe determynd with that slaughter 
Too keepe an Obit too her sonne whom hee before had killd. 
Immediatly uppon this newes the king of Trachin willd 

His men too arme them, and too take their weapons in theyr hand, 440 

And he addrest himself too bee the leader of the band. 
His wyfe Alcyone by the noyse admonisht of the same, 
In dressing of her head, before shee had it brought in frame, 
Cast downe her heare, and ronning foorth caught Ceyx fast about 
The necke, desyring him with teares too send his folk without 
Himself, and in the lyfe of him too save the lyves of twayne. 
O Princesse, cease your godly feare (quoth Peleus then agayne), 
Your offer dooth deserve great thanks. I mynd not warre to make 
Ageinst straunge monsters. I as now another way must take. 
The seagods must bee pacifyde. There was a Castle hye, 450 

And in the same a lofty towre whose toppe dooth face the skye, > 
A joyfull mark for maryners too guyde theyr vessells by. J 

Too this same Turret up they went, and there with syghes behilld 

227 



The Oxen lying every where stark dead uppon the feelde, 
And eeke the cruell stroygood with his bluddy mouth and heare. 
Then Peleus stretching foorth his handes too Seaward, prayd in feare 
Too watrish Psamath that she would her sore displeasure stay, 
And help him. She no whit relents too that that he did pray. 
But Thetis for hir husband made such earnest sute, that shee 
Obteynd his pardon. For anon the woolfe (who would not bee 460 

Revoked from the slaughter for the sweetenesse of the blood) 
Persisted sharpe and eager still, untill that as he stood 
Fast byghting on a Bullocks necke, shee turnd him intoo stone 
As well in substance as in hew, the name of woolf alone 
Reserved. For although in shape hee seemed still yit one, 
The verry colour of the stone beewrayd him too bee none, 
And that he was not too bee feard. How be it froward fate 
Permitts not Peleus in that land too have a setled state. 
He wandreth like an outlaw too the Magnets. There at last 
Acastus the Thessalien purgd him of his murther past. 470 

In this meane tyme the Trachine king sore vexed in his thought 
With signes that both before and since his brothers death were wrought, 
For counsell at the sacret Spelles (which are but toyes too foode 
Fond fancyes, and not counsellers in perill too doo goode) 
Did make him reedy too the God of Claros for too go. 
For heathenish Phorbas and the folk of Phlegia had as tho > 

The way too Delphos stopt, that none could travell too or fro. J 

But ere he on his journey went, he made his faythfull make 
Alcyone preevye too the thing. Immediatly theyr strake 

A chilnesse too her verry bones, and pale was all her face 480 

Like box, and downe her heavy cheekes the teares did gush apace. 
Three times about too speake, three times shee washt her face with teares, 
And stinting oft with sobbes, shee thus complayned in his eares. 

What fault of myne O husband deere hath turnd thy hart fro mee ? ~| 
Where is that care of mee that erst was woont too bee in thee ? > 

And canst thou having left thy deere Alcyone merrye bee ? J 

Doo journeyes long delyght thee now? dooth now myne absence please 
Thee better then my presence dooth ? Think I that thou at ease 
Shalt go by land ? Shall I have cause but onely for too moorne ? 
And not too bee afrayd? And shall my care of thy returne 490 

Bee voyd of feare ? No no. The sea mee sore afrayd dooth make. 
Too think uppon the sea dooth cause my flesh for feare too quake. 
I sawe the broken ribbes of shippes a late uppon the shore. 
And oft on Tumbes I reade theyr names whose bodyes long before 
The sea had swallowed. Let not fond vayne hope seduce thy mynd, 
That Aeolus is thy fathrinlaw who holdes the boystous wynd 
In prison, and can calme the seas at pleasure. When the wynds 
Are once let looce uppon the sea, no order then them bynds. > 

Then neyther land hathe priviledge, nor sea exemption fynds. j 

Yea even the clowdes of heaven they vex, and with theyr meeting stout 500 
Enforce the fyre with hideous noyse too brust in flasshes out. 
The more that I doo know them, (for ryght well I know theyr powre, 
And saw them oft a little wench within my fathers bowre) 
So much the more I think them too bee feard. But if thy will 

228 



By no intreatance may bee turnd at home too tarry still, 
But that thou needes wilt go : then mee deere husband with thee take. 
So shall the sea us equally toogither tosse and shake : 
So woorser than I feele I shall bee certeine not too feare : 
So shall wee whatsoever happes toogither joyntly beare : 

So shall wee on the broad mayne sea toogither joyntly sayle. 510 

Theis woordes and teares wherewith the imp of AeSlus did assayle 
Her husbond borne of heavenly race, did make his hart relent "] 
(For he lovd her no lesse than shee lovd him). But fully bent \ 

He seemed, neyther for too leave the journey which he ment 
Too take by sea, nor yit too give Alcyone leave as tho 
Companion of his perlous course by water for too go. 
He many woordes of comfort spake her feare away too chace, 
But nought hee could perswade therein too make her like the cace. 
This last asswagement of her greef he added in the end, 

Which was the onely thing that made her loving hart too bend: 520 

All taryance will assuredly seeme over long too mee. 
And by my fathers biasing beames I make my vow too thee, 
That at the furthest ere the tyme (if God thertoo agree) 
The moone doo fill her circle twyce, ageine I will heere bee. 
When in sum hope of his returne this promis had her set, 
He willd a shippe immediady from harbrough too bee fet, 
And throughly rigged for too bee, that neyther maast, nor sayle, 
Nor tackling, no nor other thing should apperteyning fayle. 
Which when Alcyone did behold, as one whoose hart misgave 
The happes at hand, shee quaakt ageine, and teares out gusshing drave. 530 
And streyning Ceyx in her armes with pale and piteous looke, 
Poore wretched soule, her last farewell at length shee sadly tooke, 
And swounded flat uppon the ground. Anon the watermen 
(As Ceyx sought delayes and was in dowt too turne agen), 
Set hand too Ores, of which there were twoo rowes on eyther syde, 
And all at once with equall stroke the swelling sea devyde. 
Shee lifting up her watrye eyes behilld her husband stand 
Uppon the hatches, making signes by beckening with his hand : > 
And shee made signes to him ageine. And after that the land J 

Was farre removed from the shippe, and that the sight began 540 

Too bee unable too discerne the face of any man, 
As long as ere shee could shee lookt uppon the rowing keele, 
And when shee could no longer tyme for distance ken it weele, 
Shee looked still uppon the sayles that flasked with the wynd 
Uppon the maast. And when shee could the sayles no longer fynd 
Shee gate her too her empty bed with sad and sorye hart, 
And layd her downe. The chamber did renew a fresh her smart, > 
And of her bed did bring too mynd the deere departed part. J 

From harbrough now they quyght were gone : and now a plasant gale 
Did blowe. The mayster made his men theyr Ores asyde too hale, 5 50 
And hoysed up the toppesayle on the hyghest of the maast, 
And clapt on all his other sayles bycause no wind should waast. 
Scarce full tone half, (or sure not much above) the shippe had ronne 
Uppon the sea, and every way the land did farre them shonne, 
When toward night the wallowing waves began too waxen whyght, 

229 



And eeke the heady easterne wynd did blow with greater myght : 

Anon the Mayster cryed : strike the toppesayle, let the mayne 

Sheate flye and fardle it too the yard. Thus spake he, but in vayne. 

For why so hideous was the storme uppon the soodeine brayd, 

That not a man was able there too heere what other sayd. 560 

And lowd the sea with meeting waves extreemely raging rores. 

Yit fell they too it of themselves. Sum haalde asyde the Ores : 

Sum fensed in the Gallyes sydes, sum downe the sayleclothes rend : 

Sum pump the water out, and sea too sea ageine doo send. 

Another hales the sayleyards downe. And whyle they did eche thing 

Disorderly, the storme increast, and from eche quarter fling 

The wyndes with deadly foode, and bownce the raging waves toogither : 

The Pilot being sore dismayd sayth playne, he knowes not whither 

Too wend himself, nor what too doo or bid, nor in what state 

Things stood. So howge the mischeef was, and did so overmate 570 

All arte. For why of ratling ropes, of crying men and boyes, 

Of flusshing waves and thundring ayre, confused was the noyse ; 

The surges mounting up aloft did seeme too mate the skye, 

And with theyr sprinckling for too wet the clowdes that hang on hye. 

One whyle the sea, when from the brink it raysd the yellow sand, 

Was like in colour too the same. Another whyle did stand 

A colour on it blacker than the Lake of Styx. Anon 

It lyeth playne and loometh whyght with seething froth thereon. 

And with the sea the Trachin shippe ay alteration tooke. 

One whyle as from a mountaynes toppe it seemed downe too looke 580 

Too vallyes and the depth of hell. Another whyle beset 

With swelling surges round about which neere above it met, 

It looked from the bottom of the whoorlepoole up aloft 

As if it were from hell too heaven. A hideous flusshing oft 

The waves did make in beating full against the Gallyes syde. 

The Gallye being striken gave as great a sownd that tyde, 

As did sumtyme the Battellramb of Steele, or now the Gonne 

In making battrye too a towre. And as feerce Lyons ronne 

Full brist with all theyr force ageinst the armed men that stand 

In order bent too keepe them of with weapons in theyr hand: 590 

Even so as often as the waves by force of wynd did rave, 

So oft uppon the netting of the shippe they maynely drave, 

And mounted farre above the same. Anon of fell the hoopes : 

And having washt the pitch away, the sea made open loopes 

Too let the deadly water in. Behold the clowdes did melt, 

And showers large came pooring downe. The seamen that them felt 

Myght thinke that all the heaven had falne uppon them that same tyme, 

And that the swelling sea likewyse above the heaven would clyme. 

The sayles were throughly wet with showers, and with the heavenly raine 

Was mixt the waters of the sea : no lyghts at all remayne 600 

Of sunne, or moone, or starres in heaven. The darknesse of the nyght 

Augmented with the dreadfull storme, takes dowble powre and myght. 

Howbeet the flasshing lightnings oft doo put the same too flyght, 

And with theyr glauncing now and then doo give a soodeine lyght. 

The lightnings setts the waves on fyre. Above the netting skippe 

The waves, and with a violent force doo lyght within the shippe. 

230 



And as a souldyer stowter than the rest of all his band 

That oft assayles a citie walles defended well by hand, 

At length atteines his hope, and for too purchace prayse withall 

Alone among a thousand men getts up uppon the wall : 610 

So when the loftye waves had long the Gallyes sydes assayd, 

At length the tenth wave rysing up with howger force and hrayd, 

Did never cease assaulting of the weery shippe, till that 

Uppon the hatches like a fo victoriously it gat. 

A part thereof did still as yit assault the shippe without, 

And part had gotten in. The men all trembling ran about, 

As in a Citie commes too passe, when of the enmyes sum 

Dig downe the walles without, and sum already in are come. 

All arte and conning was too seeke. Theyr harts and stomacks fayle : 

And looke how many surges came theyr vessell too assayle, 620 

So many deathes did seeme too charge and breake uppon them all. 

One weepes : another stands amazde : the third them blist dooth call 

Whom buryall dooth remayne. Too God another makes his vow, 

And holding up his handes too heaven the which hee sees not now, 

Dooth pray in vayne for help. The thought of this man is uppon 

His brother and his parents whom he cleerely hath forgone. 

Another calles his house and wyfe and children untoo mynd, 

And every man in generall the things he left behynd. 

Alcyone moveth Ceyx hart. In Ceyx mouth is none 

But onely one Alcyone. And though shee were alone 630 

The wyght that he desyred most, yit was he verry glad 

Shee was not there. Too Trachinwa.rd too looke desyre he had, 

And homeward fayne he would have turnd his eyes which never more 

Should see the land. But then he knew not which way was the shore, 

Nor where he was. The raging sea did rowle about so fast : 

And all the heaven with clowds as black as pitch was over cast, > 

That never nyght was halfe so dark. There came a flaw at last, J 

That with his violence brake the maste, and strake the sterne away. 

A billowe proudly pranking up as vaunting of his pray 

By conquest gotten, walloweth hole and breaketh not a sunder, 640 

Beholding with a lofty looke the waters woorking under. 

And looke as if a man should from the places where they growe 

Rend downe the mountaynes Athe and Pind, and whole them overthrowe 

Intoo the open sea : so soft the Billowe tumbling downe, 

With weyght and violent stroke did sink and in the bottom drowne 

The Gallye. And the moste of them that were within the same 

Went downe therwith, and never up too open aier came, 

But dyed strangled in the gulf. Another sort againe 

Caught peeces of the broken shippe. The king himself was fayne 

A shiver of the sunken shippe in that same hand to hold, '650 

In which hee erst a royall mace had hilld of yellow gold. 

His father and his fathrinlawe he calles uppon (alas 

In vayne). But cheefly in his mouth his wife Alcyone was : 

In hart was shee : in toong was shee : He wisshed that his corse 

Too land where shee myght take it up the surges myght enforce, 

And that by her most loving handes he might be layd in grave. 

In swimming still (as often as the surges leave him gave 

231 



Too ope his lippes) he harped still upon Alcyones name, 
And when he drowned in the waves he muttred still the same. 
Behold, even full uppon the wave a flake of water blacke 660 

Did breake, and underneathe the sea the head of Ceyx stracke. 
That nyght the lyghtsum Lucifer for sorrowe was so dim, 
As scarcely could a man discerne or thinke it too bee him. 
And forasmuch as out of heaven he might not steppe asyde, 
With thick and darksum clowds that nyght his countnance he did hyde. 
Alcyone of so great mischaunce not knowing aught as yit 
Did keepe a reckening of the nyghts that in the whyle did flit, 
And hasted garments both for him and for herself likewyse, 
Too weare at his homecomming which shee vaynely did surmyse. 
Too all the Goddes devoutly shee did offer frankincence : 670 

But most above them all the Church of Juno shee did sence. 
And for her husband (who as then was none) shee kneeld before 
The Altar, wisshing health and soone arrivall at the shore, 
And that none other woman myght before her be preferd. 
Of all her prayers this one peece effectually was heard. 
For Juno could not fynd in hart intreated for too bee 
For him that was already dead. But too thentent that shee I 

From Dame Alcyones deadly hands might keepe her Altars free, 
Shee sayd : Most faythfull messenger of my commaundments, O 
Thou Raynebowe, too the slugguish house of Slomber swiftly go, 680 

And bid him send a Dreame in shape of Ceyx too his wyfe 
Alcyone, for too shew her playne the losing of his lyfe. 
Dame Iris takes her pall wherein a thousand colours were, 
And bowwing lyke a stringed bow upon the clowdy sphere, 
Immediady descended too the drowzye house of Sleepe, 
Whose Court the clowdes continually doo clocely overdreepe. 
The house Among the darke Cimmerians is a hollow mountaine found, 

of skepe And in the hill a Cave that farre dooth ronne within the ground, 

The chamber and the dwelling place where slouthfull sleepe dooth cowch ; 

The lyght of Phebus golden beames this place can never towch. 690 

A foggye mist with dimnesse mixt streames upwarde from the ground, 

And glimmering twylyght evermore within the same is found. 

No watchfull bird with barbed bill and combed crowne dooth call 

The morning foorth with crowing out. There is no noyse at all 

Of waking dogge, nor gagling goose more waker than the hound, 

Too hinder sleepe. Of beast ne wyld ne tame there is no sound. 

No bowghes are stird with blastes of wynd, no noyse of tatling toong 

Of man or woman ever yit within that bower roong. 

Dumb quiet dwelleth there. Yit from the Roches foote dooth go 

The ryver of forgetfulnesse, which ronneth trickling so 700 

Uppon the little pebble stones which in the channell lye, 

That untoo sleepe a great deale more it dooth provoke thereby. 

Before the entry of the Cave, there growes of Poppye store, 

With seeded heades, and other weedes innumerable more, 

Out of the milkye jewce of which the night dooth gather sleepes, 

And over all the shadowed earth with dankish deawe them dreepes. 

Bycause the craking hindges of the doore no noyse should make, 

There is no doore in all the house, nor porter at the gate. 

232 



Amid the Cave, of Ebottye a bedsted standeth hye, 

And on the same a bed of downe with keeverings blacke dooth lye : 710 

In which the drowzye God of sleepe his lither limbes dooth rest. 
About him, forging sundrye shapes as many dreames lye prest, 
As eares of corne doo stand in feeldes in harvest tyme, or leaves 
Doo grow on trees, or sea too shore of sandye cinder heaves. 
Assoone as Iris came within this house, and with her hand 
Had put asyde the dazeling dreames that in her way did stand, 
The brightnesse of her robe through all the sacred house did shine. 
The God of sleepe scarce able for too rayse his heavy eyen, 
A three or fowre tymes at the least did fall ageine too rest, 

And with his nodding head did knocke his chinne ageinst his brest. 720 

At length he shaking of himselfe, uppon his elbowe leande. 
And though he knew for what shee came : he askt her what shee meand. 
O sleepe (quoth shee,) the rest of things, O gentlest of the Goddes, 
Sweete sleepe, the peace of mynd, with whom crookt care is aye at oddes : 
Which cherrishest mennes weery limbes appalld with toyling sore, 
And makest them as fresh too woork and lustye as beefore, 
Commaund a dreame that in theyr kyndes can every thing expresse, 
Too Trachine Hercles towne himself this instant too addresse. 
And let him lively counterfet too Queene Alcyonea 

The image of her husband who is drowned in the sea 730 

By shipwrecke. Juno willeth so. Her message beeing told, 
Dame Iris went her way : shee could her eyes no longer hold 
From sleepe. But when shee felt it come shee fled that instant tyme, 
And by the boawe that brought her downe too heaven ageine did clyme. 
Among a thousand sonnes and mo that father slomber had, 
He calld up Morph the feyner of mannes shape, a craftye lad. 
None other could so conningly expresse mans verrye face, 
His gesture and his sound of voyce, and manner of his pace, 
Toogither with his woonted weede, and woonted phrase of talk. 
But this same Morphye onely in the shape of man dooth walk. 740 

There is another who the shapes of beast or bird dooth take, 
Or else appeereth untoo men in likenesse of a snake. 
The Goddes doo call him Icilos, and mortall folke him name 
Phobetor. There is also yit a third who from theis same 
Woorkes diversly, and Phantasos he highteth. Intoo streames 
This turnes himself, and intoo stones, and earth, and timber beames, 
And intoo every other thing that wanteth life. Theis three 
Great kings and Capteines in the night are woonted for too see. \ 
The meaner and inferiour sort of others haunted bee. J 

Sir Slomber overpast the rest, and of the brothers all 750 

Too doo dame Iris message he did only Morphye call. 
Which doone he waxing luskish, streyght layd downe his drowzy head 
And softly shroonk his layzye limbes within his sluggish bed. 

Away flew Morphye through the aire : no flickring made his wings : 
And came anon too Trachine. There his fethers of he flings, 
And in the shape of Ceyx standes before Alcyones bed, 
Pale, wan, stark naakt, and like a man that was but lately deade. 
His berde seemd wet, and of his head the heare was dropping drye, 
And leaning on her bed, with teares he seemed thus too cry. 

2 h 233 



Most wretched woman knowest thou thy loving Ceyx now? 760 

Or is my face by death disformd ? behold mee well, and thow 

Shalt know mee. For thy husband, thou thy husbandes Ghost shalt see. 

No good thy prayers and thy vowes have done at all too mee. 

For I am dead. In vayne of my returne no reckning make. 

The clowdy sowth amid the sea our shippe did tardy take, > 

And tossing it with violent blastes asunder did it shake. 

And floodes have filld my mouth which calld in vayne uppon thy name. 

No persone whom thou mayst misdeeme brings tydings of the same, > 

Thou hearest not thereof by false report of flying fame : 

But I myself: I presendy my shipwrecke too thee showe. 770 

Aryse therefore, and wofull teares uppon thy spouse bestowe. 

Put moorning rayment on, and let mee not too Limbo go 

Unmoorned for. In shewing of this shipwrecke Morphye so 

Did feyne the voyce of Ceyx, that shee could none other deeme, 

But that it should bee his in deede. Moreover he did seeme 

Too weepe in earnest : and his handes the verry gesture had 

Of Ceyx. Queene Alcyone did grone, and beeing sad 

Did stirre her armes, and thrust them foorth his body too embrace. 

In stead whereof shee caught but ayre. The teares ran downe her face. 

Shee cryed, tarry : whither flyste ? toogither let us go. 780 

And all this whyle she was a sleepe. Both with her crying so, 

And flayghted with the image of her husbands gastly spryght, 

She started up : and sought about if fynd him there shee myght. 

(For why her Groomes awaking with the shreeke had brought a light). 

And when shee no where could him fynd, shee gan her face too smyght, 

And tare her nyghtclothes from her brest, and strake it feercely, and 

Not passing too unty her heare she rent it with her hand. 

And when her nurce of this her greef desyrde too understand 

The cause : Alcoyne is undoone, undoone and cast away 

With Ceyx her deare spouse (shee sayd). Leave comforting I pray. 790 

By shipwrecke he is perrisht : I have seene him : and I knew 

His handes. When in departing I too hold him did pursew, 

I caught a Ghost : but such a Ghost as well discerne I myght 

Too bee my husbands. Nathelesse he had not too my syght 

His woonted countenance, neyther did his visage shyne so bryght, 

As heeretoofore it had beene woont. I saw him wretched wyght 

Starke naked, pale, and with his heare still wet : even verry heere 

I saw him stand. With that shee lookes if any print appeere 

Of footing where as he did stand uppon the floore behynd. 

This this is it that I did feare in farre forecasting mynd, ^ 800 

When flying mee I thee desyrde thou should not trust the wynd. 

But syth thou wenteth too thy death, I would that I had gone 

With thee. Ah meete, it meete had beene thou shouldst not go alone 

Without mee. So it should have come to passe that neyther I 

Had overlived thee, nor yit beene forced twice too dye. 

Already, absent in the waves now tossed have I bee. 

Already have I perrished. And yit the sea hath thee 

Without mee. But the cruelnesse were greater farre of me 

Than of the sea, if after thy decease I still would strive 

In sorrow and in anguish still too pyne away alive. 810 

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But neyther will I strive in care too lengthen still my lyfe, 

Nor (wretched wyght) abandon thee : but like a faythfull wyfe 

At leastwyse now will come as thy companion. And the herse 

Shall joyne us, though not in the selfsame coffin : yit in verse. 

Although in tumb the bones of us toogither may not couch, 

Yit in a graven Epitaph my name thy name shall touch. 

Her sorrow would not suffer her too utter any more. 

Shee sobd and syght at every woord, untill her hart was sore. 

The morning came, and out shee went ryght pensif too the shore 

Too that same place in which shee tooke her leave of him before. 820 

Whyle there shee musing stood, and sayd : he kissed mee even heere, 

Heere weyed hee his Anchors up, heere loosd he from the peere, 

And whyle shee calld too mynd the things there marked with her eyes : 

In looking on the open sea, a great way of shee spyes 

A certeine thing much like a corse come hovering on the wave. 

At first shee dowted what it was. As tyde it neerer drave, 

Although it were a good way of, yit did it plainely showe 

Too bee a corce. And though that whose it was shee did not knowe, 

Yit forbycause it seemd a wrecke, her hart therat did ryse : 

And as it had sum straunger beene, with water in her eyes 830 

Shee sayd : alas poore wretch who ere thou art, alas for her 

That is thy wyfe, if any bee. And as the waves did stirre, 

The body noted neerer land : the which the more that shee 

Behilld, the lesse began in her of stayed wit too bee. 

Anon it did arrive on shore. Then plainely shee did see 

And know it, that it was her feere. Shee shreeked, it is hee. 

And therewithall her face, her heare, and garments shee did teare, 

And untoo Ceyx stretching out her trembling handes with feare, 

Sayd : cumst thou home in such a plyght too mee O husband deere ? 

Returnst in such a wretched plyght? There was a certeine peere 840 

That buylded was by hand, of waves the first assaults too breake, 

And at the havons mouth too cause the tyde too enter weake. 

Shee lept theron. (A wonder sure it was shee could doo so) 

She flew, and with her newgrowen winges did beate the ayre as tho. > 

And on the waves a wretched bird shee whisked too and fro. J 

And with her crocking neb then growen too slender bill and round, 

Like one that wayld and moorned still shee made a moaning sound. 

Howbeet as soone as shee did touch his dumb and bloodlesse flesh, 

And had embraast his loved limbes with winges made new and fresh, 

And with her hardened neb had kist him coldly, though in vayne, 850 

Folk dowt if Ceyx feeling it too rayse his head did strayne, 

Or whither that the waves did lift it up. But surely hee 

It felt : and through compassion of the Goddes both hee and shee 

Were turnd too birdes. The love of them eeke subject too their fate, 

Continued after : neyther did the faythfull bond abate > 

Of wedlocke in them beeing birdes : but standes in stedfast state. J 

They treade, and lay, and bring foorth yoong and now the * Alcyon sitts * The Kings 

In wintertime uppon her nest (which on the water flitts fisher. 

A sevennyght. During all which tyme the sea is calme and still, 

And every man may too and fro sayle saufly at his will. 860 

*3S 



For Aeolus for his ofsprings sake the windes at home dooth keepe, 
And will not let them go abroade for troubling of the deepe. 
An auncient father seeing them about the brode sea fly, 
Did prayse theyr love for lasting too the end so stedfasdy. 
His neyghbour or the selfsame man made answer (such is chaunce) 
Even this fowle also whom thou seest uppon the surges glaunce 
With spindle shanks, (he poynted too the wydegoawld Cormorant) 
Before that he became a bird, of royall race might vaunt. 
And if thou covet lineally his pedegree too seeke, 

His Auncetors were Ilus, and Assaracus, and eeke 870 

Fayre Ganymcd who Jupiter did ravish as his joy, 
Laomedon and Priamus the last that reygnd in Troy. 
Stout Hectors brother was this man. And had he not in pryme 
Of lusty youth beene tane away, his deedes perchaunce in tyme 
Had purchaast him as great a name as Hector, though that hee 
Of Dymants daughter Hecuba had fortune borne too bee. 
For Aesacus reported is begotten to have beene 
By scape, in shady Ida on a mayden fayre and sheene 
Whose name was A/yxothoe, a poore mans daughter that 

With spade and mattocke for himselfe and his a living gat. 880 

This Aesacus the Citie hates, and gorgious Court dooth shonne, 
And in the unambicious feeldes and woods alone dooth wonne. 
He seeldoom haunts the towne of Troy, yit having not a rude 
And blockish wit, nor such a hart as could not be subdewd 
By love, he spyde Eperie (whom oft he had pursewd 
Through all the woodes) then sitting on her father Cebrius brim 
A drying of her heare ageinst the sonne, which hanged trim 
Uppon her back. Assoone as that the Nymph was ware of him, 
She fled as when the grisild woolf dooth scare the fearefull hynd, 
Or when the Fawcon farre from brookes a Mallard happes too fynd. 890 

The Trojane knyght ronnes after her, and beeing swift through love, 
Purseweth her whom feare dooth force apace her feete to move. 
Behold an Adder lurking in the grasse there as shee fled, 
Did byght her foote with hooked tooth, and in her bodye spred 
His venim. Shee did cease her flyght and soodein fell downe dead. 
Her lover being past his witts her carkesse did embrace, 
And cryde, alas it irketh mee, it irkes mee of this chace. 
But this I feard not : neyther was the gaine of that I willd 
Woorth halfe so much. Now twoo of us thee (wretched soule) have killd. 
The wound was given thee by the snake, the cause was given by mee. 900 

The wickedder of both am I : who for too comfort thee 
Will make thee satisfaction with my death. With that at last 
Downe from a rocke (the which the waves had undermynde) he cast 
Himself intoo the sea. Howbeet dame Tethys pitying him, 
Receyvd him sofdy, and as he uppon the waves did swim, 
Shee covered him with fethers. And though fayne he would have dyde, "| 
Shee would not let him. Wroth was he that death was him denyde, V 
And that his soule compelld should bee ageinst his will too byde J 

236 



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1 



Within his wretched body still, from which it would depart, 

And that he was constreynd too live perforce ageinst his hart. 910 

And as he on his shoulders now had newly taken wings, 

He mounted up, and downe uppon the sea his boddye dings. 

His fethers would not let him sinke. In rage he dyveth downe, 

And despratly he strives himself continually too drowne. 

His love did make him leane, long leggs, long neck dooth still remayne. 

His head is from his shoulders farre : of Sea he is most fayne. 

And for he underneath the waves delyghteth for too drive, 

A name according thereuntoo the Latins doo him give. 



Finis undecimi Libri. 



237 




THE TWELFTH BOOKE 

of Ovids Metamorphosis. 

>ING Priam beeing ignorant that Aesacus his sonne 
I Did live in shape of bird, did moorne : and at a tumb wheron 
I His name was written, Hector and his brother solemly 
i Did keepe an Obit. Paris was not at this obsequye. 
Within a whyle with ravisht wyfe he brought a lasting warre 
| Home unto Troy. There followed him a thowsandshippes not farre 
i Conspyrd toogither, with the ayde that all the Greekes could fynd : 
And vengeance had beene tane foorthwith but that the cruell wynd 
Did make the seas unsaylable, so that theyr shippes were fayne 
At rode at fisshye Awlys in B<eotia too remayne. 10 

Heere as the Greekes according too their woont made sacrifyse 
Too Jove, and on the Altar old the flame aloft did ryse, 
They spyde a speckled Snake creepe up uppon a planetree bye, 
Uppon the toppe whereof there was among the braunches hye 
A nest, and in the nest eyght birdes : All which and eeke theyr dam 
That flickering flew about her losse, the hungry snake did cram 
Within his mawe. The standers by were all amazde therat. 
But Calchas Thestors sonne who knew what meening was in that, 
Sayd, wee shall win. Rejoyce yee Greekes, by us shall perish Troy: 
But long the tyme will bee before wee may our will enjoy. 20 

And then he told them how the birds nyne yeeres did signifie 
Which they before the towne of Troy not taking it should lye. 
The Serpent as he wound about the boughes and braunches greene, 
Became a stone, and still in stone his snakish shape is seene. 

The seas continewed verry rough and sufFred not theyr hoste 
Imbarked for too passe from thence too take the further coast. 
Sum thought that Neptune favored Troy bycause himself did buyld 
The walks therof. But Calchas (who both knew, and never hilld 
His peace in tyme) declared that the Goddesse Phebe must 

Appeased bee with virgins blood for wrath conceyved just. 30 

Assoone as pitie yeelded had too cace of puplicke weale, 
And reason got the upper hand of fathers loving zeale, 
So that the Ladye Iphigen before the altar stood 
Among the weeping ministers, too give her maydens blood : 
The Goddesse taking pitie, cast a mist before theyr eyes, 
And as they prayd and stird about too make the sacrifyse, > 

Conveyes her quight away, and with a Hynd her roome supplyes. J 
Thus with a slaughter meete for her Diana beeing pleasd, 
The raging surges with her wrath toogither were appeasd, 

The thousand shippes had wynd at poope. And when they had abode 40 

Much trouble, at the length all safe they gat the Phrygian rode. 

Amid the world tweene heaven, and earth, and sea, there is a place, 
Set from the bounds of eche of them indifferently in space, 
From whence is seene what ever thing is practisd any where, 
Although the Realme bee nere so farre : and roundly too the eare \ 
Commes whatsoever spoken is. Fame hath his dwelling there, J 

238 



Who in the toppe of all the house is lodged in a towre. 

A thousand entryes, glades, and holes are framed in this bowre. 

There are no doores too shet. The doores stand open nyght and day. *] 

The house is all of sounding brasse, and roreth every way, ^ 50 

Reporting dowble every woord it heareth people say : 

There is no rest within, there is no silence any where, 

Yit is there not a yelling out, but humming, as it were 

The sound of surges beeing heard farre of, or like the sound 

That at the end of thunderclappes long after dooth redound, 

When Jove dooth make the clowdes too crack : within the courts is preace 

Of common people, which too come and go doo never ceace. 

And millions both of trothes and lyes ronne gadding every where, 

And woordes confusely flye in heapes. Of which, sum fill the eare 

That heard not of them erst, and sum Colcaryers part doo play, 60 

Too spread abrode the things they heard. And ever by the way 

The thing that was invented growes much greater than before, 

And every one that getts it by the end addes sumwhat more. 

Lyght credit dwelleth there. There dwells rash error : There dooth dwell 

Vayne joy : There dwelleth hartlesse feare, and Brute that loves too tell 

Uncertayne newes uppon report, whereof he dooth not knowe 

The author, and Sedition who fresh rumors loves too sowe. 

This Fame beholdeth what is doone in heaven, on sea, and land, 

And what is wrought in all the world he layes to understand. 

He gave the Troyans warning that the Greekes with valeant men 70 

And shippes approched, that unwares they could not take them then. 
For Hector and the Trojan folk well armed were at hand 
Too keepe the coast and bid them bace before they came a land. 
Protesilay by fatall doome was first that dyde in feeld 
Of Hectors speare : and after him great numbers mo were killd 
Of valeant men. That battell did the Greeks full deerly cost, 
And Hector with his Phrygian folk of blood no little lost, 
In trying what the Greekes could doo. The shore was red with blood. 
And now king Cygnet Neptunes sonne had killed where he stood 
A thousand Greekes. And now the stout Achilles causd to stay 80 

His Charyot : and his lawnce did slea whole bandes of men that day. 
And seeking Cygnet through the feeld or Hector, he did stray : 
At last with Cygnet he did meete. For Hector had delay 
Untill the tenth yeare afterward. Then hasting foorth his horses 
With flaxen manes, ageinst his fo his Chariot he enforces. 
And brandisshing his shaking dart, he sayd : O noble wyght 
A comfort let it bee too thee that such a valeant knyght 
As is Achilles killeth thee. In saying so he threw 
A myghty dart, which though it hit the mark at which it flew, 
Yit perst it not the skinne at all. Now when this blunted blowe 90 

Had hit on Cygnets brest, and did no print of hitting showe : > 

Thou Goddesse sonne (quoth Cygnet) for by fame we doo the knowe J 
Why woondrest at mee for too see I cannot wounded bee ? 
{Achilles woondred much thereat). This helmet which yee see 
Bedect with horses yellow manes, this sheeld that I doo beare, 
Defend mee not. For ornaments alonly I them weare. 
For this same cause armes Mars himself likewyse. I will disarme 

239 



Myself, and yit unrazed will I passe without all harme. 

It is too sum effect, not borne too bee of Neryes race, 

So that a man be borne of him that with threeforked mace ioo 

Rules Nereus and his daughters too, and all the sea besyde. 

This sayd, he at Achilles sent a dart that should abyde 

Uppon his sheeld. It perced through the Steele and through nyne fold 

Of Oxen hydes, and stayd uppon the tenth. Achilles bold 

Did wrest it out, and forcybly did throwe the same agayne. 

His bodye beeing hit ageine, unwounded did remayne, 

And cleere from any print of wound. The third went eeke in vayne, 

And yit did Cygnet too the same give full his naked brist. 

Achilles chafed like a Bull that in the open list 

With dreadfull homes dooth push ageinst the scarlet clothes that there 1 10 

Are hanged up too make him feerce, and when he would them teare 

Dooth fynd his wounds deluded. Then Achilles lookt uppon 

His Javelings socket, if the head thereof were looce or gone. 

The head stacke fast. My hand byleeke is weakened then (quoth hee), 

And all the force it had before is spent on one I see. 

For sure I am it was of strength, both when I first downe threw 

Lyrnessus walles, and when I did He Tenedos subdew, 

And eeke Aetions Thebe with her proper blood embrew. 

And when so many of the folke of Tewthranie I slew, 

That with theyr blood Caycus streame became of purple hew, 120 

And when the noble Telephus did of my Dart of Steele 

The dowble force, of wounding and or healing also feele. 

Yea even the heapes of men slayne heere by mee, that on this strond 

Are lying still too looke uppon, doo give too understond 

That this same hand of myne both had and still hath strength. This sed, 

(As though he had distrusted all his dooings ere that sted), 

He threw a Dart ageinst a man of Lycia land that hyght 

Menetes, through whose Curets and his brest he strake him quyght. 

And when he saw with dying limbes him sprawling on the ground, 

He stepped too him streyght, and pulld the Javeling from the wound, 130 

And sayd alowd : This is the hand, this is the self same dart 

With which my hand did strike even now Menetes too the hart. 

Ageinst my toother Copemate will I use the same : I pray 

Too God it may have like successe. This sed, without delay 

He sent it toward Cygnet, and the weapon did not stray, 

Nor was not shunned. Insomuch it lighted full uppon 

His shoulder, and it gave a rappe as if uppon sum ston 

It lyghted had, rebownding backe. Howbeeit where it hit, 

Achilles saw it bloodye, and was vaynly glad of it. 

For why there was no wound. It was Menetes blood. Then lept 140 

He hastly from his Charyot downe, and like a madman stept 

Too carelesse Cygnet with his swoord. He sawe his swoord did pare 

His Target and his morion bothe. But when it toucht the bare, 

His bodye was so hard, it did the edge thereof abate. 

He could no lenger suffer him to tryumph in that rate, > 

But with the pommell of his swoord did thump him on the pate, J 

And bobd him well about the brewes a doozen tymes and more, 

And preacing on him as he still gave backe amaazd him sore, 

240 



1 



And troubled him with buffetting, not respetting a whit. 

Then Cygnet gan too bee afrayd, and mistes beegan too flit 150 

Before his eyes, and dimd his syght. And as he still did yeeld, 

In giving back, by chaunce he met a stone amid the feeld, 

Ageinst the which Achilles thrust him back with all his myght, 

And throwing him ageinst the ground, did cast him bolt upryght. 

Then bearing bostowsely with both his knees ageinst his chest, 

And leaning with his elbowes and his target on his brest, 

He shet his headpeece cloce and just, and underneathe his chin 

So hard it streynd, that way for breath was neyther out nor in, 

And closed up the vent of lyfe. And having gotten so 

The upper hand, he went about too spoyle his vanquisht fo. 1 60 

But nought he in his armour found. For Neptune had as tho 

Transformd him too the fowle whose name he bare but late ago. 

This labour, this encounter brought the rest of many dayes, 

And eyther partye in theyr strength a whyle from battell stayes. 

Now whyle the Phrygians watch and ward uppon the walles of Troy, 
And Greekes likewyse within theyr trench, there came a day of joy, 
In which Achilles for his luck in Cygnets overthrow, 
A Cow in way of sacrifyse on Pallas did bestowe. 
Whose inwards when he had uppon the burning altar cast 

And that the acceptable fume had through the ayer past 170 

TooGodward, and the holy rytes had had theyr dewes, the rest 
Was set on boords for men too eate in disshes fynely drest. 
The princes sitting downe, did feede uppon the rosted flesh, 
And both theyr thirst and present cares with wyne they did refresh. 
NotHarpes, nor songs, nor hollowe flutes too heere did them delyght. 
They talked till they nye had spent the greatest part of nyght. 
And all theyr communication was of feates of armes in fyght 
That had beene doone by them or by theyr foes. And every wyght 
Delyghts too uppen oftentymes by turne as came about 

The perills and the narrow brunts himself had shifted out. 180 

For what thing should bee talkt beefore Achilles rather ? Or 
What kynd of things than such as theis could seeme more meeter for 
Achilles too bee talking of? But in theyr talk most breeme 
Was then Achilles victory of Cygnet. It did seeme 
A woonder that the flesh of him should bee so hard and tough 
As that no weapon myght have powre too raze or perce it through, 
But that it did abate the edge of Steele : It was a thing 
That both Achilles and the Greekes in woondrous maze did bring. 
Then Nestor sayd : This Cygnet is the person now alone 

Of your tyme that defyed Steele, and could bee perst of none. 190 

But I have seene now long ago one Cene of Perrhebye, 
I sawe one Cene of Perrhebye a thousand woundes defye 
With unatteynted bodye. In mount Othris he did dwell, 
And was renowmed for his deedes : (and which in him ryght well 
A greater woonder did appeere) he was a woman borne. 
This uncouth made them all much more amazed than beforne, 
And every man desyred him to tell it. And among 
The rest, Achilles sayd : Declare I pray thee (for wee long 
Too heare it everv one of us) O eloquent old man 

2 1 241 



The wisedome of our age : what was that Cene, and how he wan 200 

Another than his native shape, and in what rode, or in 

What fyght or skirmish, tweene you first acquaintance did beegin, 

And who in fyne did vanquish him if any vanquisht him. 

Then Nestor. Though the length of tyme have made my senses dim, 

And dyvers things erst seene in youth now out of mynd be gone : 
Yit beare I still mo things in mynd : and of them all is none 
Among so many both of peace and warre, that yit dooth take 
More stedfast roote in memorye. And if that tyme may make 
A man great store of things through long continuance for too see, 
Two hundred yeeres already of my lyfe full passed bee, 210 

And now I go uppon the third. This foresayd Ceny was 
Thedaughter of one Elatey. In beawty shee did passe 
The maydens all of Thessaly. From all the Cities bye 
And from thy Cities also O Achilles came (for why 
Shee was thy countrywoman) store of wooers, who in vayne 
In hope too win her love did take great travell sute and payne. 
Thy father also had perchaunce attempted heere too matcht, 
But that thy moothers maryage was alreadye then dispatcht, 
Or shee at least affyanced. But Ceny matcht with none. 

Howbeeit as shee on the shore was walking all alone, 220 

The God of sea did ravish her, (so fame dooth make report), 
And Neptune for the great delight he had in Venus sport, 
Sayd : Ceny, aske mee what thou wilt, and I will give it thee. 
(This also bruted is by fame). The wrong heere doone too mee 
(Quoth Ceny) makes mee wish great things. And therefore too thentent 
I may no more constreyned bee too such a thing, consent 
I may no more a woman bee. And if thou graunt theretoo, 
It is even all that I desyre, or wish thee for too doo. 
In bacer tune theis latter woordes were uttred, and her voyce 
Did seeme a mannes voyce as it was in deede. For too her choyce 230 

The God of sea had given consent. He graunted him besyde 
That free from wounding and from hurt he should from thence abyde, 
And that he should not dye of Steele. Right glad of this same graunt 
Away went Ceny, and the feeldes of Thessaly did haunt ; 
And in the feates of Chevalrye from that tyme spent his lyfe. 

The overbold * Ixions sonne had taken too his wyfe 'P'mthous. 

Hippodame. And kevering boordes in bowres of boughes of trees, 
His Clowdbred brothers one by one he placed in degrees. 
There were the Lordes of Thessaly. I also was among 

The rest, a cheerefull noyse of feast through all the Pallace roong. > 240 

Sum made the altars smoke, and sum the brydale carrolls soong. J 
Anon commes in the mayden bryde a goodly wench of face, 
With wyves and maydens following her with comly gate and grace. 
Wee sayd that sir Pirithous was happy in his wyfe : 
Which handsell had deceyved us wellneere through soodeine stryfe. 
For of the cruell Centawres thou most cruell Ewryt, tho 
Like as thy stomacke was with wyne farre over charged : so 
Assoone as thou behilldst the bryde, thy hart began too frayne, 
And doubled with thy droonkennesse thy raging lust did reigne. 
The feast was troubled by and by with tables overthrowen. 250 

242 



The bryde was hayled by the head, so farre was furye growen. 

Feerce Ewryt caught Hippodame, and every of the rest 

Caught such as commed next to hand, or such as likte him best. 

It was the lively image of a Citie tane by foes. 

The house did ring of womens shreekes, wee all up quickly rose. 

And first sayd Theseus thus. What aylst ? art mad O Ewrytus ? 

That darest (seeing mee alive) misuse Pirithous, 

Not knowing that in one thou doost abuse us bothe? And least 

He myght have seemd too speake in vayne, he thrustway such as preast 

About the bryde, and tooke her from them freating sore thereat. 260 

No answere made him Ewrytus : (for such a deede as that 

Defended could not bee with woordes) but with his sawcye fist 

He flew at gentle Theseus face, and bobd him on the brist. 

By chaunce hard by, an auncient cuppe of image woork did stand, 

Which being howge himself more howge sir Theseus tooke in hand, 

And threwt at Ewryts head. He spewd as well at mouth as wound 

Mixt cloddes of blood, and brayne and wyne, and on the soyled ground 

Lay sprawling bolt upryght. The death of him did set the rest 

His dowblelimbed brothers so on fyre, that all the quest 

With one voyce cryfid out kill kill. The wyne had given them hart. 270 

Theyr first encounter was with cuppes and Cannes throwen overthwart, 

And brittle tankerds, and with boawles, pannes, dishes, potts, and trayes, 

Things serving late for meate and drinke, and then for bluddy frayes. 

First Amycus Ophions sonne without remorse began 

Too reeve and rob the brydehouse of his furniture. He ran 

And pulled downe a Lampbeame full of lyghtes, and lifting it 

Aloft like one that with an Ax dooth fetch his blowe too slit 

An Oxis necke in sacrifyse, He on the forehead hit 

A Lapith named Celadon, and crusshed so his bones, 

That none could know him by the face : both eyes flew out at ones. 280 

His nose was beaten backe and too his pallat battred flat. 

One Pelates a Macedone exceeding wroth therat, 

Pulld out a maple tressles foote, and napt him in the necks, 

That bobbing with his chin ageinst his brest too ground he becks. 

And as he spitted out his teeth with blackish blood, he lent 

Another blowe too Amycus which streyght too hell him sent. 

Gryne standing by and lowring with a fell grim visage at 

The smoking Altars, sayd: why use we not theis same? with that 

He caught a myghty altar up with burning fyre thereon, 

And it among the thickest of the Lapithes threw anon. > 290 

And twoo he over whelmd therewith calld Brote and Orion. J 

This Orions moother Mycale is knowne of certeintye 

The Moone resisting too have drawne by witchcraft from the skye. 

Full dearely shalt thou by it (quoth Exadius) may I get 

A weapon: and with that in stead of weapon, he did set 

His hand uppon a vowd harts home that on a Pynetree hye 

Was nayld, and with twoo tynes therof he strake out eyther eye 

Of Gryne: whereof sum stacke uppon the home, and sum did flye 

Uppon his beard, and there with blood like jelly mixt did lye. 

A flaming fyrebrand from amids an Altar Rhattus snatcht, 300 

With which uppon the leftsyde of his head Charaxus latcht 

243 



} 



A blow that crackt his skull. The blaze among his yellow heare 

Ran sindging up, as if dry come with lightning blasted were. 

And in his wound the seared blood did make a greevous sound, 

As when a peece of Steele red whot tane up with tongs is drownd 

In water by the smith, it spirts and hisseth in the trowgh. 

Charaxus from his curled heare did shake the fyre, and thowgh 

He wounded were, yit caught he up uppon his shoulders twayne 

A stone the Jawme of eyther doore that well would loade a wayne. 

The masse therof was such as that it would not let him hit 1 310 

} T is fo. It lighted short: and with the falling downe of it > 

A mate of his that Comet hyght, it all in peeces smit. 

Then Rh<ete restreyning not his joy, sayd thus : I would the rowt 

Of all thy mates myght in the selfsame maner prove them stowt. 

And with his halfeburnt brond the wound he searched new agayne, 

Not ceasing for to lay on loade uppon his pate amayne, 

Untill his head was crusht, and of his scalp the bones did swim 

Among his braynes. In jolly ruffe he passed streyght from him 

Too Coryt, and Euagrus, and too Dryant on a rowe : 

Of whom when Coryt (on whose cheekes yoong mossy downe gan grow) 320 

Was slayne, what prayse or honor (quoth Euagrus) hast thou got 

By killing of a boy ? mo woordes him Rhetus suffred not 

Too speake, but in his open mouth did thrust his burning brand, 

And downe his throteboll too his chest. Then whisking in his hand 

His fyrebrand round about his head he feercely did assayle 

The valeant Dryant^ but with him he could not so prevayle. 

For as he triumpht in his lucke, proceeding for too make 

Continuall slaughter of his foes, sir Dryant with a stake 

(Whose poynt was hardned in the fyre) did cast at him a foyne 

And thrust him through the place in which the neck and shoulders joyne. 330 

He groand and from his cannell bone could scarcely pull the stake, 

And beeing foyled with his blood too flyght he did him take. 

Arn<eus also ran away, and Lycidas likewyse. 

And Medon (whose ryght shoulderplate was also wounded) flyes. 

So did Pisenor, so did Cawne, and so did Mermeros, 

Who late outronning every man, now wounded slower goes : 

And so did Phole, and Mene/as, and Abas who was woont 

Too make a spoyle among wylde Boares as oft as he did hunt : 

And eeke the wyzarde Astylos who counselled his mates 

Too leave that fray: but he too them in vayne of leaving prates. 340 

He eeke too Nessus (who for feare of wounding seemed shye) 

Sayd : fly not, thou shalt scape this fray of Hercles bowe too dye. 

But Lycid and Ewrinomos, and Imbreus, and Are 

Escapte not death. Sir Dryants hand did all alike them spare. 

Cayneius also (though that he in flying were not slacke) 

Yit was he wounded on the face : For as he looked backe, 

A weapons poynt did hit him full midway betweene the eyes, 

Wheras the noze and forehead meete. For all this deane, yit lyes 

Aphipnas snorting fast a sleepe not mynding for to wake, 

Wrapt in a cloke of Bearskin nes which in Ossa mount were take, 350 

And in his lither hand he hilld a potte of wyne. Whom when 

That Phorbas saw (although in vayne) not medling with them, then 

244 



He set his fingars too the thong, and saying : thou shalt drink 

Thy wyne with water taken from the Stygian fountaynes brink, 

He threw his dart at him. The dart (as he that tyme, by chaunce 

Lay bolt upright uppon his backe) did through his throteboll glaunce. 

He dyde and felt no payne at all. The blacke swart blood gusht out, 

And on the bed and in the potte fell flushing lyke a spout. 

I saw Petreius go about too pull out of the ground 

An Oken tree. But as he had his armes about it round, 360 

And shaakt it too and fro too make it looce, Pirithous cast 

A Dart which nayled too the tree his wrything stomacke fast. 

Through prowesse of Pirithous (men say) was Lycus slayne. 

Through prowesse of Pirithous dyde Crome. But they both twayne 

Lesse honour too theyr conquerour were, than Dyctis was, or than 

Was He/ops. He/ops with a dart was striken which through ran 

His head, and entring at the ryght eare too the left eare went : 

And Dyctis from a slipprye knappe downe slyding, as he ment 

Too shone PerithSus preacing on, fell headlong downe, and with 

His howgenesse brake the greatest Ash that was in all the frith, 370 

And goard his gutts uppon the stump. Too wreake his death commes Pkare, 

And from the mount a mighty rocke with bothe his handes he tare : 

Which as he was about too throwe, Duke Theseus did prevent, 

And with an Oken plant uppon his mighty elbowe lent 

Him such a blowe, as that he brake the bones, and past no further, 

For leysure would not serve him then his maymed corse too murther. 

He lept on high Bianors backe, who none was woont too beare 

Besydes himself. Ageinst his sydes his knees fast nipping were, \ 

And with his left hand taking hold uppon his foretoppe heare J 

He cuft him with his knubbed plant about the frowning face, 380 

And made his watded browes too breake. And with his Oken mace 

He overthrew Nedimnus: and Lycespes with his dart, 

And Hippasus whose beard did hyde his brest the greater part : 

And Riphey tallar than the trees, and Therey who was woont 

Among the hilles of Thessaly for cruell Beares too hunt 

And beare them angry home alyve. It did Demo/eon spyght "] 

That Theseus had so good successe and fortune in his fyght. ^ 

An old long Pynetree rooted fast he strave with all his myght J 

Too pluck up whole bothe trunk and roote : which when he could not bring 

Too passe, he brake it of, and at his emnye did it fling. 390 

But Theseus by admonishment of heavenly Pa/las (so 

He would have folke beleve it were) start backe a great way fro 

The weapon as it came. Yit fell it not without some harme : 

It cut from Crantors left syde bulke, his shoulder, brest and arme. 

This Crantor was thy fathers Squyre (Achilles) and was given 

Him by Amyntor ruler of the Dolops, who was driven 

By battell for too give him as an hostage for the peace 

Too bee observed faythfully. When Peleus in the preace 

A great way of behind him thus falne dead of this same wound, 

O Crantor deerest man too mee of all above the ground, 400 

Hold heere an obitgift, hee sayd : and both with force of hart 

And hand, at stout Demoleons head he threw an asshen dart, 

Which brake the watling of his ribbes, and sticking in the bone, 

245 



Did shake. He pulled out the steale with much a doo alone. 

The head therof stacke still behynd among his lungs and lyghts. 

Enforst too courage with his payne, he ryseth streight uprights, I 

And pawing at his emny with his horsish feete, he smyghts 

Uppon him. Peleus bare his strokes uppon his burganet 

And fenst his shoulders with his sheeld, and evermore did set 

His weapon upward with the poynt, which by his shoulders perst 410 

Through both his brestes at one full blowe. Howbeet your father erst 

Had killed Hyle and Phlegrye, and Hiphinous aloof, 

And Danes who boldly durst at hand his manhod put in proof. 

Too theis was added Dorylas, who ware uppon his head 

A cap of woolves skinne. And the homes of Oxen dyfid red 

With blood were then his weapon. I (for then my courage gave 

Mee strength) sayd : see how much thy homes lesse force than Iron have, > 

And therewithall with manly might a dart at him 1 drave. J 

Which when he could not shonne, he clapt his right hand flat uppon 

His forehead, where the wound should bee. For why his hand anon 420 

Was nayled too his forehead fast. Hee roared out amayne. 

And as he stood amazed and began too faynt for payne, 

Your father Peleus (for he stood hard by him) strake him under 

The middle belly with his swoord, and ript his womb asunder. 

Out girdes mee Dorill streyght, and trayles his guttes uppon the ground, 

And trampling underneath his feete did breake them, and they wound 

About his leggs so snarling, that he could no further go, 

But fell downe dead with empty womb. Nought booted Cyllar tho 

His beawtye in that frentick fray, (at leastwyse if wee graunt 

That any myght in that straunge shape, of natures beawtye vaunt). 430 

His beard began but then too bud : his beard was like the gold ; 

So also were his yellowe lokes, which goodly too behold 

Midway beneath his shoulders hung. There rested in his face 

A sharpe and lively cheerfulnesse with sweete and pleasant grace. 

His necke, brest, shoulders, armes, and hands, as farre as he was man, 

Were such as never carvers woork yit stayne them could or can. 

His neather part likewyse (which was a horse) was every whit 

Full equall with his upper part, or little woorse than it. 

For had yee given him horses necke, and head, he was a beast 

For Castor too have ridden on. So hourly was his brest, 440 

So handsome was his backe too beare a saddle, and his heare 

Was blacke as jeate, but that his tayle and feete mylk whyghtish were. 

Full many Females of his race did wish him too theyr make, 

But only dame Hylonome for lover he did take. 

Of all the half brutes in the woodes there did not any dwell 

More comly than Hylonome. She usde herself so well 

In dalyance, and in loving, and in uttring of her love, 

That shee alone hilld Cyllarus. As much as did behove > 

In suchye limbes, shee trimmed them as most the eye might move. J 

With combing, smoothe shee made her heare : shee wallowed her full oft 450 

In Roses and in Rosemarye, or Violets sweete and soft: 

Sumtyme shee caryed Lillyes whyght : and twyce a day shee washt 

Her visage in the spring that from the toppe of Pagase past: 

And in the streame shee twyce a day did bath her limbes : and on 

246 



Her leftsyde or her shoulders came the comlyest things : And none 

But fynest skynnes of choycest beasts. Alike eche loved other : 

Toogither they among the hilles roamd up and downe : toogither 

They went too covert : and that tyme toogither they did enter 

The Lapithes house, and there the fray toogither did adventer. 

A dart on Cyllars left syde came, (I know not who it sent) 460 

Which sumwhat underneathe his necke his brest a sunder splent. 

As lyghtly as his hart was raazd, no sooner was the dart 

Pluckt out, but all his bodye wext stark cold and dyed swart. 

Immediatly Hylonome his dying limbes up stayd, 

And put her hand uppon the wound too stoppe the blood, and layd 

Her mouth too his, and labored sore too stay his passing spryght. 

But when shee sawe him throughly dead, then speaking woordes which might 

Not too my hearing come for noyse, shee stikt herself uppon 

The weapon that had gored him, and dyde with him anon 

Embracing him beetweene her armes. There also stood before ~| 470 

Myne eyes the grim PheScomes both man and horse, who wore > 

A Lyons skinne uppon his backe fast knit with knottes afore. J 

He snatching up a timber log (which scarcely twoo good teeme 

Of Oxen could have stird) did throwe the same with force extreeme 

At Phonolenyes sonne. The logge him all in fitters strake, 

And of his head the braynepan in a thousand peeces brake, 

That at his mouth, his eares, and eyes, and at his nosethrills too, 

His crusshed brayne came roping out as creame is woont too doo 

From sives or riddles made of wood, or as a Cullace out 

From streyner or from Colender. But as he went about 480 

Too strippe him from his harnesse as he lay uppon the ground, 

(Your father knoweth this full well) my sword his gutts did wound. 

Teleboas and Cthonius bothe, were also slaine by mee. 

Sir Cthonius for his weapon had a forked bough of tree. > 

The toother had a dart. His dart did wound mee: you may see J 

The scarre therof remayning yit. Then was the tyme that I 

Should sent have beene too conquer Troy. Then was the tyme that I 

Myght through my force and prowesse, if not vanquish Hector stout, 

Yit at the least have hilld him wag, I put you out of Dout. 

But then was Hector no body : or but a babe. And now 490 

Am I forspent and worne with yeeres. What should I tell you how 

Piretus dyde by Periphas ? Or wherefore should I make 

Long processe for too tell you of sir Ampycus that strake 

The fowrefoote Oecle on the face with dart of Cornell tree 

The which had neyther head nor poynt ? Or how that Macaree 

Of Mountaine Pelithronye with a leaver lent a blowe 

Too Erigdupus on the brest, which did him overthrowe ? 

Full well I doo remember that Cymelius threw a dart 

Which lyghted full in Nesseyes flank about his privie part. 

And think not you that Mops the sonne of Ampycus could doo 500 

No good but onely prophesye. This stout Odites whoo 

Had bothe the shapes of man and horse, by Mopsis dart was slayne, 

And labouring for too speake his last he did but strive in vayne. 

For Mopsis dart toogither nayld his toong and neather chappe, 

And percing through his throte did make a wyde and deadly gappe. 

247 



Fyve men had Cent already slayne : theyr wounds I cannot say : 

The names and nomber of them all ryght well I beare away. 

The names of them were Stiphelus, and Bronte, and He/imus, 

Pyracmon with his forest bill, and stout Antimachus. 

Out steppes the biggest Centawre there howge Latreus armed in 510 

Alesus of Aemathias spoyle slayne late before by him. 

His yeeres were mid tweene youth and age, his courage still was yoong, 

And on his abrun head hore heares peerd heere and there amoong. 

His furniture was then a swoord, a target and a lawnce, 

Aemathian like. Too bothe the parts he did his face advaunce, > 

And brandishing his weapon brave, in circlewyse did prawnce 

About, and stoutly spake theis woordes : And must I beare with yow 

Dame Cenye? for none other than a moother (I avow) 

No better than a moother will I count thee whyle I live. 

Remembrest not what shape by birth dame nature did the give? 520 

Forgettst thou how thou purchasedst this counterfetted shape 

Of man? Consyderest what thou art by birth? and how for rape 

Thou art become the thing thou art ? Go take thy distaffe, and 

Thy spindle, and in spinning yarne go exercyse thy hand. 

Let men alone with feates of armes. As Latreus made this stout 

And scornefull taunting, in a ring still turning him about, 

This Cenye with a dart did hit him full uppon the syde 

Where as the horse and man were joynd toogither in a hyde. 

The strype made Latreus mad : and with his lawnce in rage he stracke 

Uppon sir Certyes naked ribbes. The lawnce rebounded backe 530 

Like haylestones from a tyled house, or as a man should pat 

Small stones uppon a dromslets head. He came more neere with that, 

And in his brawned syde did stryve too thrust his swoord. There was 

No way for swoord too enter in. Yit shalt thou not so passe 

My handes (sayd he). Well sith the poynt is blunted thou shalt dye 

Uppon the edge : and with that woord he fetcht his blow awrye, 

And sydling with a sweeping stroke along his belly smit. 

The strype did give a clinke as if it had on marble hit. 

And therewithal! the swoord did breake, and on his necke did lyght. 

When Ceny had sufficiently given Latreus leave too smyght 540 

His flesh which was unmaymeable. Well now (quoth he) lets see, 

If my swoord able bee or no too byght the flesh of thee. 

In saying so, his dreadfull swoord as farre as it would go 

He underneathe his shoulder thrust, and wrinching too and fro 

Among his gutts, made wound in wound. Behold, with hydeous crye 

The dowblemembred Centawres sore abasht uppon him flye, 

And throwe theyr weapons all at him. Theyr weapons downe did fall 

As if they had rebated beene, and Cenye for them all 

Abydes unstriken through. Yea none was able blood too drawe. 

The straungenesse of the cace made all amazed that it sawe. 550 

Fy, fy for shame (quoth Monychus) that such a rable can 

Not overcome one wyght alone, who scarcely is a man. 

Although (too say the very truthe) he is the man, and wee 

Through fayntnesse, that that he was borne by nature for too bee. 

What profits theis huge limbes of ours? what helpes our dowble force? 

Or what avayles our dowble shape of man as well as horse 

248 



By puissant nature joynd in one ? I can not thinke that wee 

Of sovereigne Goddesse Juno were begot, or that wee bee 

Ixions sonnes, who was so stout of courage and so hault, 

As that he durst on Junos love attempt too give assault. 560 

The emny that dooth vanquish us is scarcely half a man. 

Whelme blocks, and stones, and mountaynes whole uppon his hard brayne pan, 

And presse yee out his lively ghoste with trees. Let timber choke 

His chappes, let weyght enforce his death in stead of wounding stroke. 

This sayd, by chaunce he gets a tree blowne downe by blustring blasts 

Of Southerne wynds, and on his fo with all his myght it casts, 

And gave example too the rest too doo the like. Within 

A whyle the shadowes which did hyde mount Pelion waxed thin : 

And not a tree was left uppon mount Othris ere they went. 

Sir Cenye underneathe this great howge pyle of timber pent, 570 

Did chauf and on his shoulders hard the heavy logges did beare. 

But when above his face and head the trees up stacked were, 

So that he had no venting place too drawe his breth : One whyle 

He faynted : and anotherwyle he heaved at the pyle, 

Too tumble downe the loggs that lay so heavy on his backe, 

And for too winne the open ayre ageine above the stacke : 

As if the mountayne Ida (lo) which yoonder we doo see 

So hygh, by earth quake at a tyme should chaunce to shaken bee. 

Men dowt what did become of him. Sum hold opinion that 

The burthen of the woodes had driven his soule too Limbo flat. 580 

But Mopsus sayd it was not so. For he did see a browne 

Bird flying from amid the stacke and towring up and downe. 

It was the first tyme and the last that ever I behild 

That fowle. When Mopsus softly saw him soring in the feeld, 

He looked wistly after him, and cryed out on hye, 

Hayle peerlesse perle of Lapith race, hayle Cetty, late ago 

A valeant knyght, and now a bird of whom there is no mo. 

The author caused men beleeve the matter too bee so. 

Our sorrow set us in a rage. It was too us a greef 

That by so many foes one knyght was killd without releef. 590 

Then ceast wee not too wreake our teene till most was slaine in fyght, 

And that the rest discomfited were fled away by nyght. 
As Nestor all the processe of this battell did reherce 
Betweene the valeant Lapithes and misshapen Centawres ferce, 

Tlepolemus displeased sore that Hercules was past 

With silence, could not hold his peace, but out theis woordes did cast. 

My Lord, I muse you should forget my fathers prayse so quyght. 

For often untoo mee himself was woonted too recite, > 

How that the clowdbred folk by him were cheefly put too flyght. J 

Ryght sadly Nestor answerd thus. Why should you mee constreyne 600 
Too call too mynd forgotten greefs ? and for to reere ageine 

The sorrowes now outworne by tyme ? or force mee too declare 

The hatred and displeasure which I too your father bare ? 

In sooth his dooings greater were than myght bee well beleeved. 

He fild the world with high renowme which nobly he atcheeved, 

Which thing I would I could denye. For neyther set wee out 

Deiphobus, Polydamas, nor Hector that most stout 

2 k 249 



} 



And valeant knyght, the strength of Troy. For whoo will prayse his fo ? "1 
Your father overthrew the walles of Messen long ago, \ 

And razed Pyle, and Ely townes unwoorthye serving so, J 610 

And feerce ageinst my fathers house hee usde bothe swoord and fyre. 
And (not too speake of others whom he killed in his ire) 
Twyce six wee were the sonnes of Nele, all lusty gentlemen : 
Twyce six of us (excepting mee) by him were murthred then. 
The death of all the rest myght seeme a matter not so straunge : 
But straunge was Periclymens death whoo had the powre to chaunge 
And leave and take what shape he list (by Neptune too him given, 
The founder of the house of Nele). For when he had beene driven 
Too try all shapes, and none could help : he last of all became 
The fowle that in his hooked feete dooth beare the flasshing flame 620 

Sent downe from heaven by Jupiter. He practising those birds. 
With flapping wings, and bowwing beake, and hooked talants girds 
At Hercle, and beescratcht his face. Too certeine (I may say) 
Thy father amde his shaft at him. For as hee towring lay 
Among the clowdes, he hit him underneath the wing. The stroke 
Was small : Howbeet, bycause therwith the sinewes being broke, 
He wanted strength to maynteine flyght, he fell mee too the ground 
Through weakenesse of his wing. The shaft that sticked in the wound 
By reason of the burthen of his bodye perst his syde, 

And at the leftsyde of his necke all bloodye foorth did glyde. 630 

Now tell mee O thou beawtyfull Lord Amirall of the fleete 
Of Rhodes, if mee too speake the prayse of Hercle it bee meete. 
But least that of my brothers deathes men think I doo desyre 
A further vendge than silence of the prowesse of thy syre, 
I love thee even with all my hart, and take thee for my freend. 
When Nestor of his pleasant tales had made this freendly end, 
They called for a boll of wyne, and from the table went, 
And all the resdew of the nyght in sleeping soundly spent. 
But neptune like a father tooke the matter sore too hart, 
That Cygnet too a Swan he was constreyned to convert. 640 

And hating feerce Achilles, he did wreake his cruell teene 
Uppon him more uncourteously than had beseeming beene. 
For when the warres well neere full twyce fyve yeeres had lasted. Hee 
Unshorne Apollo thus bespake. O nevew untoo mee 
Most deere of all my brothers impes, who helpedst mee too lay 
Foundation of the walles of Troy for which we had no pay, 
And canst thou syghes forbeare too see the Asian Empyre fall ? 
And dooth it not lament thy hart when thou too mynd doost call 
So many thousand people slayne in keeping Ilion wall ? 

Or (too thentent particlerly I doo not speake of all) 650 

Remembrest thou not Hectors Ghost whoo harryed was about 
His towne of Troy ? where nerethelesse Achilles that same stout 
And farre in fyght more butcherly, whoo stryves with all his myght 
Too stroy the woorke of mee and thee, lives still in healthfull plyght? 
If ever hee doo come within my daunger he shall feele 
What force is in my tryple mace. But sith with swoord of Steele 
I may not meete him as my fo, I pray thee unbeeware 
Go kill him with a sodeine shaft and rid mee of my care. 

250 



Apollo did consent : as well his uncle for too please, 

As also for a pryvate grudge himself had for too ease. 660 

And in a clowd he downe among the host of Troy did slyde, 

Where Paris dribbling out his shaftes among the Greekes hee spyde : 

And telling him what God he was, sayd : wherfore doost thou waast 

Thyne arrowes on the simple sort: If any care thou haste 

Of those that are thy freendes, go turne ageinst Achilles head, 

And like a man revendge on him thy brothers that are dead. 

In saying this, he brought him where Achilles with his brond 

Was beating downe the Trojane folk, and leveld so his hond > 

As that Achilles tumbled downe starke dead uppon the lond. J 

This was the onely thing wherof the old king Priam myght \ 670 

Take comfort after Hectors death. That stout and valeant knyght > 
Achilles whoo had overthrowen so many men in fyght, J 

Was by that coward carpet knyght beereeved of his lyfe, 
Whoo like a caytif stale away the Spartane princes wyfe. 
But if of weapon womanish he had foreknowen it had 
His destnye beene too lose his lyfe, he would have beene more glad 
That Queene Penthesileas bill had slaine him out of hand. 
Now was the feare of Phrygian folk, the onely glory, and 
Defence of Greekes, that peerelesse prince in armes, Achilles turnd 
Too asshes. That same God that had him armd, him also burnd. 680 

Now is he dust : and of that great Achilles bydeth still 
A thing of nought, that scarcely can a little coffin fill. 
Howbeet his woorthy fame dooth lyve, and spreadeth over all 
The world, a measure meete for such a persone too beefall. 
This matcheth thee Achilles full. And this can never dye. 
His target also (too thentent that men myght playnly spye 
What wyghts it was) did move debate, and for his armour burst 
Out deadly foode. Not Diomed, nor Ajax Oylye durst 
Make clayme or chalendge too the same, nor Atreus yoonger sonne, 
Nor yit his elder, though in armes much honour they had wonne. 690 

Alone the sonnes of Telamon and Lain did assay 
Which of them twoo of that great pryse should beare the bell away. 
But Agamemnon from himself the burthen putts, and cleeres 
His handes of envye, causing all the Capteines and the Peeres 
Of Greece too meete amid the camp toogither in a place, 
Too whom he put the heering and the judgement of the cace. 



Finis duodecimi Libri. 



251 




THE THIRTEENTH BOOKE 

of Ovids Metamorphosis. 

'HE Lordes and Capteynes being set toogither with the King, 
I And all the souldiers standing round about them in a ring, 
The owner of the sevenfold sheeld, too theis did Ajax ryse, 
And (as he could not brydle wrath) he cast his frowning eyes 
Uppon the shore, and on the fleete that there at Anchor lyes, 
Andthrowinguphishandes,OGodandmustweeplead(quothhee) 
Our case before our shippes? and must Ulysses stand with mee? 
But like a wretch he ran his way when Hector came with fyre, 
Which I defending from theis shippes did force him too retyre. 
It easyer is therefore with woordes in print too maynteine stryfe, 10 

Than for too fyght it out with fists. But neyther I am ryfe 
In woordes, nor hee in deedes. For loolce how farre I him excell 
In battell and in feates of armes : so farre beares hee the bell 
From mee in talking. Neyther think I requisite too tell 
My actes among you. You your selves have seene them verry well. 
But let Ulysses tell you his doone all in hudther mudther, 
And wheruntoo the only nyght is privy and none other. 
The pryse is great (I doo confesse) For which wee stryve. But yit 
It is dishonour untoo mee, for that in clayming it 

So bace a person standeth in contention for the same. 20 

Too think it myne already ought too counted bee no shame 
Nor pryde in mee: although the thing of ryght great valew bee 
Of which Ulysses standes in hope. For now alreadye hee 
Hath wonne the honour of this pryse, in that when he shall sit 
Besydes the quisshon, he may brag he strave with mee for it. 
And though I wanted valiantnesse, yit should nobilitee 
Make with mee. I of Telamon am knowne the sonne too bee 
Who under valeant Hercules the walles of Troy did scale, 
And in the shippe of Pagasa too Colchos land did sayle. 

His father was that Ae&cus whoo executeth ryght 30 

Among the ghostes where Sisyphus heaves up with all his myght 
The massye stone ay tumbling downe. The hyghest Jove of all 
Acknowledgeth this Aeficus, and dooth his sonne him call. 
Thus am I Ajax third from Jove. Yit let this Pedegree 
O Achyves in this case of myne avaylable not bee, > 

Onlesse I proove it fully with Achylles too agree. J 

He was my brother, and I clayme that was my brothers. Why 
Shouldst thou that art of Sisyphs blood, and for too filch and lye 
Expressest him in every poynt, by foorged pedegree 

Aly thee too the Aeacyds, as though we did not see > 40 

Thee too the house of Ae&cus a straunger for too bee ? J 

And is it reason that you should this armour mee denye 
Bycause I former was in armes, and needed not a spye 
Too fetch mee foorth? Or think you him more woorthye it too have, 
That came too warrefare hindermost, and feynd himself too rave, 
Bycause he would have shund the warre ? untill a suttler head 

252 



And more unprofitable for himself, sir Palamed 

Escryde the crafty fetches of his fearefull hart, and drew 

Him foorth a warfare which he sought so cowardly too eschew? 

Must he now needes enjoy the best and richest armour? whoo 50 

Would none at all have worne onlesse he forced were thertoo? 

And I with shame bee put besyde my cousin germanes gifts, 

Bycause too shun the formest brunts of warres I sought no shifts ? 

Would God this mischeef mayster had in verrye deede beene mad, 

Or else beleeved so too bee : and that wee never had 

Brought such a panion untoo Troy. Then should not P<eans Sonne 

In Lemnos like an outlawe too the shame of all us wonne. 

Who lurking now (as men report) in woodes and caves, dooth move 

The verry flints with syghes and grones, and prayers too God above 

Too send Ulysses his desert. Which prayer (if there bee 60 

A God) must one day take effect. And now beehold how hee > 

By othe a Souldier of our Camp, yea and as well as wee J 

A Capteine too, alas, (who was by Hercules assignde 

Too have the keeping of his shafts,) with payne and hungar pynde, 

Is clad and fed with fowles, and dribs his arrowes up and downe 

At birds, which were by destinye preparde too stroy Troy towne. 

Yit liveth hee bycause hee is not still in companie 

With sly Ulysses. Palamed that wretched knyght perdie, 

Would eeke he had abandond beene. For then should still the same 

Have beene alyve : or at the least have dyde without our shame. 70 

But this companion bearing (ah) too well in wicked mynd 

His madnesse which sir Palamed by wisdome out did fynd, 

Appeached him of treason that he practysde too betray 

The Greekish hoste. And for too vouch the fact, he shewd streyght way 

A masse of goold that he himself had hidden in his tent, "| 

And forged Letters which he feynd from Priam too bee sent. ) 

Thus eyther by his murthring men or else by banishment J 

Abateth hee the Greekish strength. This is Ulysses fyght : 

This is the feare he puttes men in. But though he had more might 

Than Nestor hath in eloquence, he shalnot compasse mee 80 

Too think his leawd abandoning of Nestor for too bee 

No fault : who beeing cast behynd by wounding of his horse, 

And slowe with age, with calling on Ulysses waxing hoarce, 

Was nerethelesse betrayd by him. Sir Diomed knowes this cryme 

Is unsurmysde. For he himselfe did at that present tyme 

Rebuke him oftentymes by name, and feercely him upbrayd 

With flying from his fellowe so who stood in neede of ayd. 

With ryghtfull eyes dooth God behold the deedes of mortall men. 

Lo, he that helped not his freend wants help himself agen. 

And as he did forsake his freend in tyme of neede : so hee 90 

Did in the selfsame perrill fall forsaken for too bee. 

He made a rod too beat himself. He calld and cryed out 

Uppon his fellowes. Streight I came : and there I saw the lout V 

Bothe quake and shake for feare of death, and looke as pale as clout. J 

I set my sheeld betweene him and his foes, and him bestrid : 

And savde the dastards lyfe : small prayse redoundes of that I did. 

But if thou wilt contend with mee, lets to the selfe same place 

*S3 



Agein : bee wounded as thou wart : and in the foresayd case 

Of feare, beset about with foes : cowch underneath my sheeld : 

And then contend thou with mee there amid the open feeld. ioo 

Howbeet, I had no sooner rid this champion of his foes, 

But where for woundes he scarce before could totter on his toes, 

He ran away apace, as though he nought at all did ayle. 

Anon commes Hector too the feeld and bringeth at his tayle 

The Goddes. Not only thy hart there (Ulysses) did the fayle, 

But even the stowtest courages and stomaclcs gan too quayle : 

So great a terrour brought he in. Yit in the midds or all 

His bloody ruffe, I coapt with him, and with a foyling fall 

Did overthrowe him too the ground. Another tyme, when hee 

Did make a chalendge, you my Lordes by lot did choose out mee, i ro 

And I did match him hand too hand. Your wisshes were not vayne. 

For if you aske mee what successe our com bate did obteine, 

I came away unvanquished. Behold, the men of Troy 

Brought fyre and swoord, and all the feendes our navye too destroy. 

And where was slye Ulysses then with all his talk so smooth ? 

This brest of myne was fayne too fence your thousand shippes forsooth, 

The hope of your returning home. For saving that same day 

So many shippes, this armour give. But (if that I shall say > 

The truth) the greater honour now this armour beares away, 

And our renownes toogither link. For (as of reason ought) 120 

An Ajax for this armour, not an armour now is sought 

For Ajax. Let Dulychius match with theis, the horses whyght 

Of Rhesus, dastard Dolon, and the coward carpetknyght ^ 

King Priams Helen, and the stelth ofPalladye by nyght. 

Of all theis things was nothing doone by day nor nothing wrought 

Without the helpe of Diomed. And therefore if yee thought 

Too give them too so small deserts, devyde the same, and let 

Sir Diomed have the greater part. But what should Ithacus get 

And if he had them ? Who dooth all his matters in the dark, 

Who never weareth armour, who shootes ay at his owne mark 130 

Too trappe his fo by stelth unwares ? The very headpeece may 

With brightnesse of the glistring gold his privie feates bewray 

And shew him lurking. Neyther well of force Dulychius were 

The weyght of great Achilles helme uppon his pate too weare. 

It cannot but a burthen bee (and that ryght great) too beare 

(With those same shrimpish armes of his) Achilles myghty speare. 

Agen his target graven with the whole howge world theron 

Agrees not with a fearefull hand, and cheefly such a one 

As taketh filching even by kynd. Thou Lozell thou doost seeke 

A gift that will but weaken thee: which if the folk of Greeke 140 

Shall give thee through theyr oversyght, it will bee untoo thee 

Occasion, of thyne emnyes spoyld not feared for too bee. 

And flyght (wherin thou coward, thou all others mayst outbrag) 

Will hindred bee when after thee such masses thou shalt drag. 

Moreover this thy sheeld that feeles so seeld the force of fyght 

Is sound. But myne is gasht and hakt and stricken thurrough quyght 

A thousand tymes, with bearing blowes. And therefore myne must walk 

And put another in his stead. But what needes all this talk? 

254 



Lets now bee seene another whyle what eche of us can doo. 

The thickest of our armed foes this armour throwe intoo, 150 

And bid us fetch the same fro thence. And which of us dooth fetch 

The same away, reward yee him therewith. Thus farre did stretch 

The woordes of Ajax. At the ende whereof there did ensew 

A muttring of the souldiers, till Laertis sonne the prew 

Stood up, and raysed soberly his eyliddes from the ground 

(On which he had a little whyle them pitched in a stound) 

And looking on the noblemen who longd his woordes too heere, 

He thus began with comly grace and sober pleasant cheere. 

My Lordes, if my desyre and yours myght erst have taken place, 

It should not at this present tyme have beene a dowtfull cace, 1 60 

What person hath most ryght too this great pryse for which wee stryve. 

Achilles should his armour have, and wee still him alyve. 

Whom sith that cruell destinie too both of us denyes, 

(With that same woord as though he wept, he wypte his watry eyes) 

What wyght of reason rather ought too bee Achilles heyre 

Than he through whom too this your camp Achilles did repayre ? 

Alonly let it not avayle sir Ajax heere, that hee 

Is such a dolt and grossehead, as he shewes himself too bee : > 

Ne let my wit (which ay hath done you good O Greekes) hurt mee. J 

But suffer this mine eloquence (such as it is) which now 170 

Dooth for his mayster speake, and oft ere this hath spoke for yow, 

Bee undisdeynd. Let none refuse his owne good gifts he brings. 

For as for stocke and auncetors, and other such like things 

Wherof ourselves no fownders are, I scarcely dare them graunt 

Too bee our owne. But forasmuch as Ajax makes his vaunt 

Too bee the fowrth from Jove: even Jove the founder is also 

Of my house : and than fowre descents I am from him no mo. 

Laertes is my father, and Arcesius his, and hee 

Begotten was of Jupiter. And in this pedegree 

Is neyther any damned soule, nor outlaw as yee see. 1 80 

Moreover by my moothers syde I come of Mercuree, 

Another honor too my house. Thus both by fathers syde 

And moothers (as you may perceyve) I am too Goddes alyde. 

But neyther for bycause I am a better gentleman 

Than Ajax by the moothers syde, nor that my father can 

Avouch himself ungiltye of his brothers blood, doo I 

This armour clayme : wey you the case by merits uprighdy. 

Provyded no prerogatyve of birthryght Ajax beare, 

For that his father Telamon, and Peleus brothers were : 

Let only prowesse in this pryse the honour beare away. 1 90 

Or if the case on kinrid or on birthryght seeme too stay, 

His father Peleus is alive, and Pyrrhus eeke his sonne. 

What tytle then can Ajax make ? This geere of ryght should woone 

Too Phthya, or too Scyros He. And Tewcer is as well 

Achilles uncle as is hee. Yit dooth not Tewcer mell. 

And if he did, should hee obteyne? well sith the cace dooth rest 

On tryall which of us can prove his dooings too bee best, 

I needes must say my deedes are mo than well I can expresse : 

Yit will I shew them orderly as neere as I can gesse. 

255 



Foreknowing that her sonne should dye, The Lady Thetis hid 200 

Achilles in a maydes attyre. By which fyne slyght shee did 

All men deceyve, and Ajax too. This armour in a packe 

With other womens tryflyng toyes I caryed on my backe, 

A bayte too treyne a manly hart. Appareld like a mayd 

Achilles tooke the speare and sheeld in hand, and with them playd. 

Then sayd I : O thou Goddesse sonne, why shouldst thou bee afrayd 

Too raze great Troy, whoose overthrowe for thee is onely stayd? 

And laying hand uppon him I did send him (as you see) 

Too valeant dooings meete for such a valeant man as hee. 

And therfore all the deedes of him are my deedes. I did wound 210 

King Teleph with his speare, and when he lay uppon the ground, > 

I was intreated with the speare too heale him safe and sound. 

That Thebe lyeth overthrowne, is my deede : you must think 

I made the folk of Tenedos and Lesbos for too shrink. 

Both Chryse and Cillas Phebus townes and Scyros I did take, 

And my ryght hand Lyrnessus walles too ground did levell make. 

I gave you him that should confound (besydes a number mo) 

The valeant Hector. Hector that our most renowmed fo 

Is slayne by mee. This armour heere I sew agein too have, 

This armour by the which I found Achilles. I it gave 220 

Achilles whyle he was alive : and now that he is gone 

I clayme it is myne owne agein. What tyme the greefe of one 

Had perst the harts of all the Greekes, and that our thousand sayle 

At Awlis by Ewboya stayd, bycause the wyndes did fayle, 

Continewing eyther none at all or cleene ageinst us long, 

And that our Agamemnon was by destnyes overstrong 

Commaunded for too sacrifyse his giltlesse daughter too 

Diana, which her father then refusing for too doo 

Was angry with the Godds themselves, and though he were a king 

Continued also fatherlyke: by reason, I did bring 230 

His gentle nature too relent for publike profits sake. 

I must confesse (whereat his grace shall no displeasure take) 

Before a parciall judge I undertooke a ryght hard cace. 

Howbeeit for his brothers sake, and for the royall mace 

Committed, and his peoples weale, at length he was content 

Too purchace prayse wyth blood. Then was I too the moother sent, 

Who not perswaded was too bee, but compast with sum guyle. 

Had Ajax on this errand gone, our shippes had all this whyle 

Lyne still there yit for want of wynd. Moreover I was sent 

Too Ilion as ambassadour. I boldly thither went, 240 

And entred and behilld the Court, wherin there was as then 

Great store of princes, Dukes, Lords, knyghts, and other valeant men. 

And yit I boldly nerethelesse my message did at large, 

The which the whole estate of Greece had given mee erst in charge. 

I made complaint of Paris, and accusde him too his head, 

Demaunding restitution of Queene Helen that same sted, 

And of the bootye with her tane. Both Priamus the king 

And eeke Antenor his alye the woordes of mee did sting. 

And Paris and his brothers, and the resdew of his trayne 

That under him had made the spoyle, could hard and scarce refrayne 250 

256 



There wicked hands. You Menelay doo know I doo not feyne. 

And that day was the first in which wee joyntly gan susteyne 

A tast of perrills, store whereof did then behind remayne. 

It would bee overlong too tell eche profitable thing 

That during this long lasting warre I well too passe did bring, 

By force as well as pollycie. For after that the furst 

Encounter once was overpast, our emnyes never durst 

Give battell in the open feeld, but hild themselves within 

Theyr walks and bulwarks till the tyme the tenth yeere did begin. 

Now what didst thou of all that whyle, that canst doo nought but streeke? 260 

Or too what purpose servedst thou ? For if thou my deedes seeke, 

I practysd sundry pollycies too trappe our foes unware : 

I fortifyde our Camp with trench which heretoofore lay bare : 

I hartned our companions with a quiet mynd too beare 

The longnesse of the weery warre : I taught us how wee were 

Bothe too bee fed and furnished : and too and fro I went 

Too places where the Counsell thought most meete I should bee sent. 

Behold the king deceyved in his dreame by false pretence "| 

Of Joves commaundement, bade us rayse our seedge and get us hence. \ 

The author of his dooing so may well bee his defence. 270 

Now Ajax should have letted this, and calld them backe ageine 

Too sacke the towne of Troy: he should have fought with myght and maine. 

Why did he not restreyne them when they ready were too go ? 

Why tooke he not his swoord in hand ? why gave he not as tho 

Sum counsell for the fleeting folk too follow at the brunt ? 

In fayth it had a tryfle beene too him that ay is woont 

Such vaunting in his mouth too have. But he himself did fly 

As well others. I did see, and was ashamed I 

Too see thee when thou fledst, and didst prepare so cowardly 

Too sayle away. And theruppon I thus aloud did cry. 280 

What meene yee sirs? what madnesse dooth you move too go too shippe? 

And suffer Troy as good as tane, thus out of hand too slippe ? 

What else this tenth yeere beare yee home than shame ? with such like woord 

And other, (which the eloquence of sorrowe did avoord,) 

I brought them from theyr flying shippes. Then Agamemnon calld 

Toogither all the capteines who with feare were yit appalld. 

But Ajax durst not then once creake. Yit durst Thersites bee 

So bold as rayle uppon the kings, and he was payd by mee 

For playing so the sawcye Jacke. Then stood I on my toes 

And too my fearefull countrymen gave hart ageinst theyr foes, > 290 

And shed new courage in theyr mynds through talk that fro mee goes. J 

From that tyme foorth what ever thing hath valeantly atcheeved 

By this good fellow beene, is myne, who him from flyght repreeved. 

And now too touche thee: which of all the Greekes commendeth thee? 

Or seeketh thee? But Diomed communicates with mee 

His dooings, and alloweth mee, and thinkes him well apayd 

Too have Ulysses ever as companion at the brayd. 

And sumwhat woorth you will it graunt (I trow) alone for mee 

Out of so many thousand Greekes by Diomed pikt too bee. 

No lot compelled mee too go, and yit I setting lyght, 300 

As well the perrill of my foes as daunger of the nyght, 

2 L 257 



) 



Killd Do/on who about the self same feate that nyght did stray, 

That wee went out for. But I first compelld him too bewray 

All things concerning faythlesse Troy, and what it went about. 

When all was learnd, and nothing left behynd too harken out, 

I myght have then come home with prayse : I was not so content. 

Proceeding further too the Camp of Rhesus streyght 1 went, 

And killed bothe himself and all his men about his tent, 

And taking bothe his chariot and his horses which were whyght, 

Returned home in tryumph like a conquerour from fyght. 310 

Denye you mee the armour of the man whoose steedes the fo 

Requyred for his playing of the spye a nyght, and so 

May Ajax bee more kynd too mee than you are. What should I 

Declare untoo you how my sword did waste ryght valeantly 

Sarpedons hoste of Lycia ? I by force did overthrowe 

Alastor, Crome, and Ceranos, and Haly on a rowe. 

Alcander, and Noemon too, and Prytanis besyde, 

And ThoSn and Theridamas, and Charops also dyde 

By mee, and so did Ewnomos enforst by cruell fate. 

And many mo in syght of Troy I slew of bacer state. 320 

There also are (O countrymen) about mee woundings, which 

The place of them make beawtyfull. See here (his hand did twich 

His shirt asyde) and credit not vayne woordes. Lo heere the brist 

That alwayes too bee one in your affayres hath never mist. 

And yit of all this whyle no droppe of blood hath Ajax spent 

Uppon his fellowes. Woundlesse is his body and unrent. 

But what skills that, as long as he is able for to vaunt 

He fought against bothe Troy and Jove too save our fleete? I graunt 

He did so. For I am not of such nature as of spyght 

Well dooings too deface: so that he chalendge not the ryght 330 

Of all men too himself alone, and that he yeeld too mee 

Sum share, whoo of the honour looke a partener for too bee. 

Patroclus also having on Achilles armour, sent 

The Trojans and theyr leader hence, too burne our navye bent. 

And yit thinks hee that none durst meete with Hector saving hee. 

Forgetting bothe the king, and eeke his brother, yea and mee, 

Where hee himself was but the nyneth, appoynted by the king, 

And by the fortune of his lot preferd too doo the thing. 

But now for all your valeantnesse, what Issue had I pray 

Your combate ? shall I tell ? forsooth, that Hector went his way 340 

And had no harme. Now wo is mee, how greeveth it my hart 

Too think uppon that season when the bulwark of our part 

Achilles dyde ? When neyther teares, nor greef, nor feare could make 

Mee for too stay, but that uppon theis shoulders I did take, 

I say uppon theis shoulders I Achilles body tooke, 

And this same armour claspt theron, which now too weare I looke. 

Sufficient strength I have too beare as great a weyght as this, 

And eeke a hart wherein regard of honour rooted is. 

Think you that Thetis for her sonne so instantly besought 

Sir Vulcane this same heavenly gift too give her, which is wrought 350 

With such exceeding cunning, too thentent a souldier that 

Hath neyther wit nor knowledge should it weare ? He knowes not what 

258 



The things ingraven on the sheeld doo meene. Of Ocean se, 

Of land, of heaven, and of the starres no skill at all hath he. 

The Beare that never dyves in sea he dooth not understand, "| 

The PleyadSy nor the Hyads, nor the Cities that doo stand I 

Uppon the earth, nor yit the swoord that Orion holdes in hand. 

He seekes too have an armour of the which he hath no skill. 

And yit in fynding fault with mee bycause I had no will 

Too follow this same paynfull warre, and sought too shonne the same, "| 360 

And made it sumwhat longer tyme before I thither came, > 

Hee sees not how hee speakes reproch too stout Achilles name. 

For if too have dissembled in this case, yee count a cryme, 

Wee both offenders bee. Or if protracting of the tyme 

Yee count blame woorthye, yit was I the tymelyer of us twayne. 

Achilles loving moother him, my wyfe did mee deteyne. 

The former tyme was given too them, the rest was given too yow. 

And therefore doo I little passe although I could not now 

Defend my fault, sith such a man of prowesse, birth and fame 

As was Achilles, was with mee offender in the same. 370 

But yit was he espyfid by Ulysses wit, but nat 

Ulysses by sir Ajax wit. And least yee woonder at 

The rayling of this foolish dolt at mee, hee dooth object 

Reproche too you. For if that I offended too detect 

Sir Palamed of forged fault, could you without your shame 

Arreyne him, and condemne him eeke too suffer for the same ? 

But neyther could sir Palamed excuse him of the cryme 

So heynous and so manifest : and you your selves that tyme 

Not onely his indytement hard, but also did behold 

His deed avowched too his face by bringing in the gold. 380 

And as for Philoctetes, that he is in Lemnos, I 

Deserve not too bee toucht therwith. Defend your cryme : for why V 

You all consented theruntoo. Yit doo I not denye, J 

But that I gave the counsell too convey him out of way 

From toyle of warre and travell that by rest he myght assay > 

Too ease the greatnesse of his peynes. He did theretoo obey J 

And by so dooing is alyve. Not only faythfull was 

This counsell that I gave the man, but also happye, as 

The good successe hath shewed since. Whom sith the destnyes doo 

Requyre in overthrowing Troy, Appoynt not mee thertoo: 390 

But let sir Ajax rather go. For he with eloquence 

Or by some suttle pollycie, shall bring the man fro thence 

And pacyfie him raging through disease, and wrathfull ire. 

Nay, first the river Simois shall too his spring retyre, 

And mountaine Ida shall theron have stonding never a tree, 

Yea and the faythlesse towne of Troy by Greekes shall reskewd bee, 

Before that Ajax blockish wit shall aught at all avayle, 

When my attempts and practyses in your affayres doo fayle. 

For though thou Philoctetes with the king offended bee, 

And with thy fellowes everychone, and most of all with mee, 400 

Although thou cursse and ban mee too the hellish pit for ay, 

And wisshest in thy payne that I by chaunce myght crosse thy way, 

Of purpose for too draw my blood : yit will I give assay 

259 



Too fetch thee hither once ageine. And (if that fortune say 

Amen), I will as well have thee and eeke thyne arrowes, as 

I have the Trojane prophet whoo by mee surprysed was, 

Or as I did the Oracles and Trojane fates disclose, 

Or as I from her chappell through the thickest of her foes 

The Phrygian Pallads image fetcht : and yit dooth Ajax still 

Compare himself with mee. Yee knowe it was the destnyes will \ 410 

That Troy should never taken bee by any force, untill J 

This Image first were got: and where was then our valeant knight 

Sir Ajax? where the stately woordes of such a hardy wyght? 

Why feareth hee ? why dares Ulysses ventring through the watch 

Commit his persone too the nyght his buysnesse too dispatch ? 

And through the pykes not only for too passe the garded wall ? 

But also for too enter too the strongest towre of all ? 

And for too take the Idoll from her Chappell and her shryne ? 

And beare her thence amid his foes ? For had this deede of myne 

Beene left undoone, in vayne his sheeld of Oxen hydes seven fold 420 

Should yit the sonne of Telamon have in his left hand hold. 

That nyght subdewed I Troy towne, that nyght did I it win, 

And opened it for you likewyse with ease too enter in. 

Cease too upbrayd mee by theis lookes and mumbling woordes of thyne 

With Diomed: his prayse is in this fact as well as myne. 

And thou thy selfe when for our shippes thou diddest in reskew stand, 

Wart not alone : the multitude were helping thee at hand. 

I had but only one with mee. Whoo (if he had not thought 

A wyseman better than a strong, and that preferment ought > 

Not alway followe force of hand) would now himself have sought J 430 

This Armour. So would toother Ajax better stayed doo, 

And feerce Ewrypyle, and the sonne of hault Andremon too. 

No lesse myght eeke Idominey, and eeke Meriones 

His countryman, and Menelay. For every one of these 

Are valeant men of hand, and not inferior untoo thee 

In martiall feates. And yit they are contented rulde too bee 

By myne advyce. Thou hast a hand that serveth well in fyght, 

Thou hast a wit that stands in neede of my direction ryght. 

Thy force is widesse : I have care of that that may ensew. 

Thou well canst fyght : the king dooth choose the tymes for fyghting dew 440 

By myne advyce. Thou only with thy body canst avayle, 

But I with bodye and with mynd too profite doo not fayle. 

And looke how much the mayster dooth excell the gaily slave, 

Or looke how much preheminence the Capteine ought too have 

Above his souldyer : even so much excell I also thee. 

A wit farre passing strength of hand inclosed is in mee. 

In wit rests cheefly all my force. My Lordes I pray bestowe 

This gift on him who ay hath beene your watchman as yee knowe. 

And for my tenne yeeres cark and care endured for your sake, 

Full recompence for my deserts with this same honour make. 450 

Our labour draweth too an end, all lets are now by mee 

Dispatched. And by bringing Troy in cace too taken bee, 

I have already taken it. Now by the hope that yee 

Conceyve, within a whyle of Troy the ruine for too see, 

260 



And by the Goddes of whom a late our emnyes I bereft, 

And as by wisedome too bee doone yit any thing is left, 

If any bold aventrous deede, or any perlous thing, 

That aslceth hazard both of lyfe and limb too passe too bring, 

Or if yee think of Trojane fates there yit dooth ought remayne, 

Remember mee : or if from mee this armour you restrayne, 460 

Bestow it on this same. With that he shewed with his hand 

Minervas fatall image, which hard by in syght did stand. 

The Lords were moved with his woordes, and then appeered playne 
The force that is in eloquence. The lerned man did gayne 
The armour of the valeant. He that did oft susteine 
Alone both fyre, and swoord, and Jove, and Hector could not byde 
One brunt of wrath. And whom no force could vanquish ere that tyde, 
Now only anguish overcommes. He drawes his swoord and sayes : 
Well, this is myne yit. Untoo this no clayme Ulysses layes. 
This must I use ageinst myself: this blade that heretoofore 470 

Hath bathed beene in Trojane blood, must now his mayster gore, 
That none may Ajax overcome save Ajax. With that woord, 
Intoo his brest (not wounded erst) he thrust his deathfull swoord. 
His hand too pull it out ageine unable was. The blood 
Did spout it out. Anon the ground bestayned where he stood, 
Did breede the pretye purple flowre uppon a clowre of greene, 
Which of the wound of Hyacinth had erst engendred beene. 
The selfsame letters eeke that for the chyld were written than, 
Were now againe amid the flowre new written for the man. 
The former tyme complaynt, the last a name did represent. 480 

Ulysses having wonne the pryse, within a whyle was sent 
Too Thoants and Hypsiphiles realme the land defamde of old 
For murthering all the men therin by women over bold. 
At length attayning land and lucke according too his mynd, 
Too carry Hercles arrowes backe he set his sayles too wynd. 
Which when he with the lord of them among the Greekes had brought, 
And of the cruell warre at length the utmost feate had wrought, 
At once both Troy and Priam fell. And Priams wretched wife 
Lost (after all) her womans shape, and barked all her lyfe 

In forreine countrye. In the place that bringeth too a streight 490 

The long spred sea of Hellespont, did Ilion burne in height. 
The kindled fyre with blazing flame continewed unalayd, 
And Priam with his aged blood Joves Altar had berayd. 
And Phebus preestesse casting up her handes too heaven on hye 
Was dragd and haled by the heare. The Grayes most spyghtfully \ 
(As eche of them had prisoners tane in meede of victorye) J 

Did drawe the Trojane wyves away, whoo lingring whyle they mought 
Among the burning temples of theyr Goddes, did hang about 
Theyr sacred shrynes and images. Astyanax downe was cast 
From that same turret from the which his moother in tyme past 500 

Had shewed him his father stand oft fyghting too defend 
Himself and that same famous realme of Troy, that did descend 
From many noble auncetors. And now the northerne wynd 
With prosperous blasts, too get them thence did put the Greekes in mynd. 
The shipmen went aboord, and hoyst up sayles, and made fro thence. 

261 



A deew deere Troy (the women cryde) wee haled are from hence. 
And therwithall they kist the ground, and left yit smoking still 
Theyr native houses. Last of all tooke shippe ageinst her will 
Queene Hecub: who (a piteous cace too see) was found amid 
The tumbes in which her sonnes were layd. And there as Hecub did 510 

Embrace theyr chists and kisse theyr bones, Ulysses voyd of care 
Did pull her thence. Yit raught shee up, and in her boosom bare 
Away a crum of Hectors dust, and left on Hectors grave 
Her hory heares and teares, which for poore offrings shee him gave. 
Ageinst the place where I/ion was, there is another land 
Manured by the Bistort men. In this same Realme did stand 
King Polemnestors palace riche, too whom king Priam sent 
His little infant Polydore too foster, too thentent > 

He might bee out of daunger from the warres: wherin he ment 
Ryght wysely, had he not with him great riches sent, a bayt 520 

Too stirre a wicked covetous mynd too treason and deceyt. 
For when the state of Troy decayd, the wicked king of Thrace 
Did cut his nurcechylds weazant, and (as though the sinfull cace 
Toogither with the body could have quyght beene put away) 
He threw him also in the sea. It happened by the way, > 

That Agamemnon was compeld with all his fleete too stay J 

Uppon the coast of Thrace, untill the sea were wexen calme, 
And till the hideous stormes did cease, and furious wynds were falne. 
Heere rysing gasdy from the ground which farre about him brake, 
Achilles with a threatning looke did like resemblance make, \ 530 

As when at Agamemnon he his wrongfull swoord did shake, J 

And sayd : Unmyndfull part yee hence of mee O Greekes ? and must 
My merits thanklesse thus with mee be buryed in the dust ? 
Nay, doo not so. But too thentent my death dew honour have 
Let Polyxene in sacrifyse bee slayne uppon my grave. 
Thus much be sayd : and shortly his companions dooing as 
By vision of his cruell ghost commaundment given them was, 
Did fetch her from her mothers lappe, whom at that tyme, well neere, 
In that most great adversitie alonly shee did cheere. 

The haultye and unhappye mayd, and rather too bee thought 540 

A man than woman, too the tumb with cruell hands was brought, 
Too make a cursed sacrifyse. Whoo mynding constantly 
Her honour, when shee standing at the Altar prest too dye, 
Perceyvd the savage ceremonies in making ready, and 
The cruell NeSptolemus with naked swoord in hand, 
Stand staring with ungentle eyes uppon her gentle face, 

Shee sayd : Now use thou when thou wilt my gende blood. The cace 
Requyres no more delay. Bestow thy weapon in my chest, 
Or in my throte : (in saying so shee profered bare her brest, 
And eeke her throte). Assure your selves it never shalbee seene, 550 

That any wyght shall (by my will) have slave of Polyxeene. 
Howbeet with such a sacrifyse no God yee can delyght. 
I would desyre no more but that my wretched moother myght 
Bee ignorant of this my death. My moother hindreth mee, 
And makes the pleasure of my death much lesser for too bee. 
Howbeeit not the death of mee should justly greeve her hart : 

262 



But her owne lyfe. Now too thentent I freely may depart 

Too Limbo, stand yee men aloof: and sith I aslce but ryght 

Forbeare too touch mee. So my blood unsteyned in his syght 

Shall farre more acceptable bee, what ever wyght he bee 560 

Whom you prepare too pacifye by sacrifysing mee. 

Yit (if that these last woordes of myne may purchace any grace), 

I daughter of king Priam erst, and now in prisoners cace, 

Beeseeche you all unraunsomed too render too my moother 

My bodye, and for buriall of the same too take none other 

Reward than teares : for whyle shee could shee did redeeme with gold. 

This sayd, the teares that shee forbare the people could not hold. 

And even the verry preest himself, full sore ageinst his will 

And weeping, thrust her through the brest which shee hild stoutly still. 

Shee sinking softly too the ground with faynting legges, did beare 570 

Even too the verry latter gasp a countnance voyd of feare. 

And when shee fell, shee had a care such parts of her too hyde 

As womanhod and chastitie forbiddeth too bee spyde. 

The Trojane women tooke her up, and moorning reckened 
King Priams children, and what blood that house alone had shed. 

They syght for fayer Polyxeene: they syghed eeke for thee 

Whoo late wart Priams wyfe, whoo late wart counted for too bee 

The flowre of Asia in his flowre, and Queene of moothers all : 

But now the bootye of the fo as evill lot did fall, 

And such a bootye as the sly Ulysses did not passe 580 

Uppon her, saving that erewhyle shee Hectors moother was. 

So hardly for his moother could a mayster Hector fynd. 

Embracing in her aged armes the bodye of the mynd 

That was so stout, shee powrd theron with sobbing syghes unsoft 

The teares that for her husband and her children had so oft 

And for her country sheaded beene. Shee weeped in her wound 

And kist her pretye mouth, and made her brest with strokes too sound 

According too her woonted guyse, and in the jellyed blood 

Beerayfid all her grisild heare, and in a sorrowfull mood 

Sayd theis and many other woordes with brest bescratcht and rent : 590 

O daughter myne, the last for whom thy moother may lament, 
(For what remaynes?) O daughter thou art dead and gone. I see 

Thy wound which at the verry hart strikes mee as well as thee. 

And least that any one of myne unwounded should depart, 

Thou also gotten hast a wound. Howbeet bycause thou wart 

A woman, I beleeved thee from weapon too bee free. 

But notwithstanding that thou art a woman, I doo see 

Thee slayne by swoord. Even hee that kild thy brothers killeth thee, 

Achilles the decay of Troy and maker bare of mee. 

What tyme that he of Paris shaft by Phebus meanes was slayne, 600 

I sayd of feerce Achilles now no feare dooth more remayne. 

But then, even then he most of all was feared for too bee. 

The asshes of him rageth still ageinst our race I see. 

Wee feele an emny of him dead and buryed in his grave, 

Too feede Achilles furie, I a frutefull issue gave. 

Great Troy lyes under foote, and with a ryght great greevous fall 

The mischeeves of the common weale are fully ended all. 

263 



But though too others Troy be gone, yit stands it still too mee : 

My sorrowes ronne as fresh a race as ever and as free. 

I late a go a sovereine state, advaunced with such store "1 610 

Of daughters, sonnes, and sonneinlawes, and husband over more I 

And daughtrinlawes, am caryed like an outlawe bare and poore, 

By force and violence haled from my childrens tumbes, to bee 

Presented too Penelope a gift, whoo shewing mee I 

In spinning my appoynted taske, shall say : this same is shee 

That was sumtyme king Priams wyfe, this was the famous moother 

Of Hector. And now after losse of such a sort of other, 

Thou (whoo alonly in my greefe my comfort didst remayne), 

Too pacifye our emnyes wrath upon his tumb art slayne. 

Thus bare I deathgyfts for my foes. Too what intent am I 620 

Most wretched wyght remayning still? why doo I linger? why 

Dooth hurtfull age preserve mee still alive ? too what intent 

Yee cruell Goddes reserve yee mee that hath already spent 

Too many yeeres ? onlesse it bee new buryalls for too see ? 

And whoo would think that Priamus myght happy counted bee 

Sith Troy is razed ? Happy man is hee in being dead. 

His lyfe and kingdoome he forwent toogither : and this stead 

He sees not thee his daughter slaine. But peradventure thou 

Shall like the daughter of a king have sumptuous buryall now, 

And with thy noble auncetors thy bodye layd shall bee. 630 

Our linage hath not so good lucke : the most that shall too thee 

Bee yeelded are thy moothers teares, and in this forreine land 

Too hyde thy murthered corce withall a little heape of sand. 

For all is lost. Nay yit remaynes (for whome I well can fynd 

In hart too lyve a little whyle) an imp untoo my mynd 

Most deere, now only left alone, sumtyme of many mo 

The yoongest, little Po/ydore, delivered late ago 

Too Polemnestor king of Thrace, whoo dwelles within theis bounds. 

But wherfore doo I stay so long in wasshing of her wounds, 

And face berayd with gory blood? In saying thus, shee went 640 

Too seaward with an aged pace and hory heare beerent. 

And (wretched woman) as shee calld for pitchers for too drawe 

Up water, shee of Po/ydore on shore the carkesse sawe, 

And eeke the myghty wounds at which the Tyrants swoord went thurrow. 

The Trojane Ladyes shreeked out. But shee was dumb for sorrow. 

The anguish of her hart forclosde as well her speech as eeke 

Her teares devowring them within. Shee stood astonyed leeke 

As if shee had beene stone. One whyle the ground shee staard uppon. 

Another whyle a gastly looke shee kest too heaven. Anon 

Shee looked on the face of him that lay before her killd. 650 

Sumtymes his woundes (his woundes I say) shee specially behilld, 

And therwithall shee armd her selfe and furnisht her with ire : 

Wherethrough assoone as that her hart was fully set on fyre, 

As though shee still had beene a Queene, too vengeance shee her bent, 

Enforcing all her witts too fynd some kynd of ponnishment. 

And as a Lyon robbed of her whelpes becommeth wood, 

And taking on the footing of her emnye where hee stood, 

Purseweth him though out of syght : even so Queene Hecubee 

264 



(Now having meynt her teares with wrath) forgetting quyght that shee 

Was old, but not her princely hart, too Polymnestor went 660 

The cursed murtherer, and desyrde his presence too thentent 

Too shew too him a masse of gold (so made shee her pretence), 

Which for her lytde Polydore was hid not farre from thence. 

The Thracian king beleeving her, as eager of the pray, "1 

Went with her too a secret place. And as they there did stay, > 

With flattring and deceytfull toong he thus too her did say : 

Make speede I prey thee Hecuba, and give thy sonne this gold. 

I sweare by God it shall bee his, as well that I doo hold 

Already, as that thou shalt give. Uppon him speaking so, 

And swearing and forswearing too, shee looked sternely tho, 670 

And beeing sore inflaamd with wrath, caught hold uppon him, and 

Streyght callying out for succor too the wyves of Troy at hand, 

Did in the traytors face bestowe her nayles, and scratched out 

His eyes : her anger gave her hart and made her strong and stout. 

Shee thrust her fingars in as farre as could bee, and did bore 

Not now his eyes (for why his eyes were pulled out before), 

But bothe the places of his eyes berayd with wicked blood. 

The Thracians at theyr Tyrannes harme for anger wexing wood, 
Began too scare the Trojane wyves with darts and stones. Anon 
Queene Hecub ronning at a stone, with gnarring seazd theron, 680 

And wirryed it beetweene her teeth. And as shee opte her chappe 
Too speake, in stead of speeche shee barkt. The place of this missehappe 
Remayneth still, and of the thing there done beares yit the name. 
Long myndfull of her former illes, shee sadly for the same 
Went howling in the feeldes of Thrace. Her fortune moved not 
Her Trojans only, but the Greekes her foes too ruthe : Her lot 
Did move even all the Goddes to ruthe : and so effectually, 
That Hecub too deserve such end even Juno did denye. 

Although the morning of the selfsame warres had favorer beene, 
Shee had no leysure too lament the fortune of the Queene, 690 

Nor on the slaughters and the fall of Ilion for too think. 
A household care more neerer home did in her stomacke sink, 
For Memnon her beloved sonne, whom dying shee behild 
Uppon the feerce Achilles speare amid the Phrygian feeld. 
Shee saw it, and her ruddy hew with which shee woonted was 
Too dye the breaking of the day, did intoo palenesse passe : 
And all the skye was hid with clowdes. But when his corce was gone 
Too burningward, shee could not fynd in hart too looke theron, 
But with her heare about her eares shee kneeled downe before 
The myghtye Jove, and thus gan speake unto him weeping sore. 700 

Of al that have theyr dwelling place uppon the golden skye, 
The lowest (for through all the world the feawest shrynes have I), 
But yit a Goddesse, I doo come, not that thou shouldst decree 
That Altars, shrynes, and holydayes bee made too honour mee. > 

Yit if thou marke how much that I a woman doo for thee, J 

In keeping nyght within her boundes, by bringing in thee light, 
Thou well mayst thinke mee worthy sum reward too clayme of ryght. 
But neyther now is that the thing the morning cares too have, 
Ne yit her state is such as now dew honour for too crave. 

2 m 265 



Bereft of my deere Memnon who in fyghting valeantly 710 

Too help his uncle, (so it was your will O Goddes) did dye 
Of stout Achilles sturdye speare even in his flowring pryme, 
I sew too thee O king of Goddes too doo him at this tyme 
Sum honour as a comfort of his death, and ease this hart 
Of myne which greatly greeved is with wound of percing smart. 
No sooner Jove had graunted dame Aurora her desyre, 
But that the flame of Memnons corce that burned in the fyre 
Did fall : and flaky rolles of smoke did dark the day, as when 
A foggy mist steames upward from a River or a fen, 

And suffreth not the Sonne too shyne within it. Blacke as cole 720 

The cinder rose: and intoo one round lump assembling whole, 
Grew grosse, and tooke bothe shape and hew. The fyre did lyfe it send, 
The lyghtnesse of the substance self did wings untoo it lend. 
And at the first it flittred like a bird : and by and by 
It flew a fethered bird in deed. And with that one gan fly 
Innumerable mo of selfsame brood : whoo once or twyce 
Did sore about the fyre, and made a piteous shreeking thryce. 
The fowrthtyme in theyr flying round, themselves they all withdrew 
In battells twayne, and feercely foorth of eyther syde one flew 
Too fyght a combate. With theyr billes and hooked talants keene 730 

And with theyr wings couragiously they wreakt theyr wrathfull teene. > 
And myndfull of the valeant man of whom they issued beene, J 

They never ceased jobbing eche uppon the others brest, 
Untill they falling both downe dead with fyghting overprest, 
Had ofrred up theyr bodyes as a woorthy sacrifyse 
Untoo theyr cousin Memnon who too Asshes burned lyes. 
Theis soodeine birds were named of the founder of theyr stocke : 
For men doo call them Memnons birds. And every yeere a flocke 
Repayre too Memnons tumb, where twoo doo in the foresayd wyse 
In manner of a yeeremynd slea themselves in sacrifyse. 740 

Thus where as others did lament that Dymants daughter barkt, 
Auroras owne greef busyed her, that smally shee it markt. 
Which thing shee too this present tyme with piteous teares dooth shewe : 
For through the universall world shee sheadeth moysting deawe. 
Yit suflred not the destinyes all hope too perrish quyght 
Toogither with the towne of Troy. That good and godly knyght 
The sonne of Venus bare away by nyght uppon his backe 
His aged father and his Goddes, an honorable packe. 
Of all the riches of the towne that only pray he chose, 

So godly was his mynd : and like a bannisht man he goes 750 

By water with his owne yoong sonne Ascanius from the He 
Antandros, and he shonnes the shore of Thracia which ere whyle > 

The wicked Tyrants treason did with Polydores blood defyle. J 

And having wynd and tyde at will, he saufly with his trayne 
Arryved at Apollos towne where Anius then did reigne : 
Whoo being both Apollos preest and of that place the king, 
Did enterteyne him in his house and untoo church him bring, 
And shewd him both the Citie and the temples knowen of old, 
And eeke the sacred trees by which Latona once tooke hold, 
When shee of chyldbirth travelled. Assoone as sacrifyse 760 

266 



Was doone with Oxens inwards burnt according too the guyse, 
And casting incence in the fyre, and sheading wyne thereon, 
They joyfull too the court returnd, and there they tooke anon 
Repaste of meate and drink. Then sayd the good Anchyses this : 
O Phebus sovereine preest, onlesse I take my markes amisse, 
(As I remember) when I first of all this towne did see, 
Fowre daughters and a sonne of thyne thou haddest heere with thee. 
King Anius shooke his head wheron he ware a myter whyght, 
And answerd thus. O noble prince, in fayth thou gessest ryght. 
Of children fyve a father then, thou diddest mee behold, 770 

Whoo now (with such unconstancie are mortall matters rolld) 
Am in a manner chyldlesse quyght. For what avayles my sonne 
Whoo in the He of Anderland a great way hence dooth wonne? 
Which country takes his name of him, and in the selfsayd place, 
In stead of father, like a king he holdes the royall mace. 
Apollo gave his lot too him : And Bacchus for too showe 
His love, a greater gift uppon his susters did bestowe, 
Than could bee wisht or credited. For whatsoever they 
Did towche, was turned intoo corne, and wyne, and oyle streyghtway. 
And so theyr was riche use in them. Assoone as that the fame 780 

Hereof too Agamemnons eares the squorge of Trojans came, \ 

Least you myght tast your stormes alone and wee not feele the same J 
In part, an hoste he hither sent, and whither I would or no 
Did take them from mee, forcing them among the Greekes too go, 
Too feede the Greekish army with theyr heavenly gift. But they 
Escaped whither they could by flyght. A couple tooke theyr way 
Too He Ewboya : toother twoo too Anderland did fly, 
Theyr brothers Realme. An host of men pursewd them by and by, 
And threatened warre onlesse they were delivered. Force of feare 
Subdewing nature, did constreyne the brother (men must beare 790 

With fearfulnesse) too render up his susters too theyr fo. 
For neyther was Aenaas there, nor valeant Hector (who 
Did make your warre last ten yeeres long) the countrye too defend. 
Now when they should like prisoners have beene fettred, in the end 
They casting up theyr handes (which yit were free) too heaven, did cry 
Too Bacchus for too succour them, who helpt them by and by. 
At leastwyse if it may bee termd a help, in woondrous wyse 
Too alter folke. For never could I lerne ne can surmyse 
The manner how they lost theyr shape. The thing it selfe is knowen. 
With fethered wings as whyght as snow they quyght away are flowen 800 

Transformed into doovehouse dooves thy wyfe dame Venus burdes. 

When that the time of meate was spent with theis and such like woordes, 
The table was removed streyght, and then they went too sleepe. 
Next morrow rysing up assoone as day began too peepe, 
They went too Phebus Oracle, which willed them too go 
Untoo theyr moother countrey and the coastes theyr stocke came fro. 
King Anius bare them companie. And when away they shoold, 
He gave them gifts. Anchises had a scepter all or goold : 
Ascanius had a quiver and a Cloke right brave and trim : 

Aenaas had a standing Cup presented untoo him. 810 

The Thebane Therses whoo had beene king Anius guest erewhyle 

267 



Did send it out of Thessaly: but Alcon one of Myle 
Did make the cuppe. And hee theron a story portrayd out. 
It was a Citie with seven gates in circuit round about, 
Which men myght easly all discerne. The gates did represent 
The Cities name, and shewed playne what towne thereby was ment. 
Without the towne were funeralls a dooing for the dead, 
With herces, tapers, fyres, and tumbes. The wyves with ruffled head \ 
And stomacks bare pretended greef. The nymphes seemd teares too shead, J 
And wayle the drying of theyr welles. The leaveless trees did seare. 820 

And licking on the parched stones Goats romed heere and there. 
Behold amid this Thebane towne was lyvely portrayd out 
Echions daughters twayne, of which the one with courage stout 
Did profer bothe her naked throte and stomacke too the knyfe : 
And toother with a manly hart did also spend her lyfe, 
For saufgard of her countryfolk: And how that theruppon 
They both were caryed solemly on herces, and anon 
Were burned in the cheefest place of all the Thebane towne. 
Then (least theyr linage should decay whoo dyde with such renowne,) 
Out of the Asshes of the maydes there issued twoo yong men, 830 

And they untoo theyr moothers dust did obsequies agen. 
Thus much was graved curiously in auncient precious brasse, 
And on the brim a trayle of flowres of bearbrich gilded was. 
The Trojans also gave too him as costly giftes agen. 
Bycause he was Apollos preest they gave too him as then 
A Chist too keepe in frankincence. They gave him furthermore 
A Crowne of gold wherin were set of precious stones great store. 
Then calling too remembrance that the Trojans issued were 
Of Tewcers blood, they sayld too Crete. But long they could not there 
Abyde th'infection of the aire : and so they did forsake 840 

The hundred Cities, and with speede to Itaylevtard did make. 
The winter wexed hard and rough, and tost them verry sore. 
And when theyr shippes arrived were uppon the perlous shore 
Among the Strophad lies, the bird Atilo did them feare. 
The costes of Dulich, Ithaca, and Same they passed were, 
And eeke the Court of Neritus where wyse Ulysses reignd, 
And came too Ambrace for the which the Gods strong stryfe maynteind. 
There sawe they turned into stone the judge whoose image yit 
At Actium in Appollos Church in signe therof dooth sit. 

They vewed also Dodon grove where Okes spake : and the coast 850 

Of Chain where the sonnes of king Molossus scapt a most 
Ungracious fyre by taking wings. From thence they coasted by 
The countrye of the Phetlks fraught with frute abundantly. 
Then tooke they land in Epyre, and too Buthrotos they went 
Wheras the Trojane prophet dwelt, whoose reigne did represent 
An image of theyr auncient Troy. There being certifyde 
Of things too come by Helen (whoo whyle there they did abyde 
Informed them ryght faythfully of all that should betyde) 
They passed into Sicilie. With corners three this land 
Shootes out intoo the Sea: of which Pachinnus front dooth stand 860 

Ageinst the southcoast : Lilibye dooth face the gentle west, 
And Pelore untoo Charlsis wayne dooth northward beare his brest. 

268 



} 



The Trojanes under Pelore gate with ores and prosprous tydes, 
And in the even by Zanclye shore theyr fleete at anchor rydes. 
Uppon the leftsyde restlessely Charybdis ay dooth beate them, 
And swalloweth shippes and spewes them up as fast as it dooth eate them. 
And Scylla beateth on theyr ryght : which from the navell downe 
Is patched up with cruell curres : and upward too the crowne 
Dooth keepe the countnance of a mayd : And (if that all bee trew 
That Pofits fayne) shee was sumtyme a mayd ryght fayre of hew. 870 

Too her made many wooers sute : all which shee did eschew. 
And going too the salt Sea nymphes (too whom shee was ryght deere) 
Shee vaunted, too how many men shee gave the slippe that yeere. 
Too whom the Lady Galate in kembing of her heare 

Sayd thus with syghes. But they that sought too thee (O Lady) were > 
None other than of humane kynd, too whom without all feare 
Of harme, thou myghtest (as thou doost) give nay. But as for mee 
Although that I of Nereus and gray Doris daughter bee, 
And of my susters have with mee continually a gard, 

I could not scape the Cyclops love, but too my greef full hard. 880 

(With that her teares did stoppe her speeche.) Assoone as that the mayd 
Had dryde them with her marble thomb, and moande the nymph, she sayd : 
Deere Goddesse tell mee all your greef, and hyde it not from mee : 
For trust mee I will untoo you bothe true and secret bee. 
Then untoo Cratyes daughter thus the nymph her playnt did frame. 
Of Fawne and nymph Simethis borne was Acts, whoo became 
A joy too bothe his parents, but too mee the greater joy. 
For being but a sixteene yeeres of age, this fayre sweete boy 
Did take mee too his love, what tyme about his chyldish chin 
The tender heare like mossy downe too sprowt did first begin. 890 

I loved him beyond all Goddes forbod, and likewyse mee 
The Giant Cyclops, neyther (if demaunded it should bee) 
I well were able for too tell you whither that the love 
Of Ads, or the Cyclops hate did more my stomacke move. 
There was no oddes betweene them. Oh deere Goddesse Venus, what 
A powre haste thou ? Behold how even this owgly Giant that 
No sparke of meekenesse in him hath, whoo is a terrour too 
The verrye woodes, whom never guest nor straunger came untoo 
Without displeasure, whoo the heavens and all the Goddes despyseth, 
Dooth feele what thing is love. The love of mee him so surpryseth, 900 

That Polypheme regarding not his sheepe and hollowe Cave, 
But having care too please, dooth go about too make him brave. 
His sturre stiffe heare he kembeth nowe with strong and sturdy rakes, 
And with a sythe dooth marcussotte his bristled berd : and takes 
Delyght too looke uppon himself in waters, and too frame 
His countnance. Of his murtherous hart the wyldnesse wexeth tame. 
His unastaunched thyrst of blood is quenched : shippes may passe 
And repasse saufly. In the whyle that he in love thus was, 
One Telemus Ewrymeds sonne a man of passing skill 

In birdflyght, taking land that tyme in Skill, went untill 910 

The orped Gyant Polypheme, and sayd : This one round eye 
That now amid thy forehead stands shall one day ere thou dye 
By sly Ulysses blinded bee. The Gyant laught therat, 

269 



And sayd O foolish soothsayre thou deceyved art in that. 
For why another (even a wench) already hathe it blynded. 
Thus skorning him that told him truthe bycause he was hygh mynded, 
He eyther made the ground too shake in walking on the shore, 
Or rowzd him in his shadye Cave. With wedged poynt before 
There shoots a hill intoo the Sea : whereof the sea dooth beate 
On eyther syde. The one eyd feend came up and made his seate 920 

Theron, and after came his sheepe undriven. Assoone as hee 
Had at his foote layd downe his stafFe which was a whole Pyne tree 
Well able for too bee a maast too any shippe, he takes 
His pype compact of fyvescore reedes, and therwithall he makes 
So loud a noyse that all the hilles and waters therabout 
Myght easly heere the shirlnesse of the shepeherds whistling out. 
I lying underneathe the rocke, and leaning in the lappe 
Of Acts markt theis woordes of his which farre I heard by happe. 
More whyght thou art then Primrose leaf my Lady Ga/atee, 
More fresh than meade, more tall and streyght than lofty Aldertree, 930 
More bright than glasse, more wanton than the tender kid forsooth, 
Than Cockleshelles continually with water worne, more smoothe, 
More cheerefull than the winters Sun, or Sommers shadowe cold, 
More seemely and more comly than the Planetree too behold, > 

Of valew more than Apples bee although they were of gold : J 

More cleere than frozen yce, more sweete than Grape through rype ywis, 
More soft than butter newly made, or downe of Cygnet is ; 
And much more fayre and beawtyfull than gardein too myne eye, 
But that thou from my companye continually doost flye. 

And thou the selfsame Galate, art more tettish for too frame 940 

Than Oxen of the wildernesse whom never wyght did tame : 
More fleeting than the waves, more hard than warryed Oke too twyne, 
More tough than willow twiggs, more lyth than is the wyld whyght vyne : 
More than this rocke unmovable, more violent than a streame, 
More prowd than Peacocke praysd, more feerce than fyre and more extreeme : 
More rough than Breers, more cruell than the new delivered Beare, 
More mercilesse than troden snake, than sea more deafe of eare : 
And which (and if it lay in mee I cheefly would restrayne) 
Not only swifter paced than the stag in chace on playne, 

But also swifter than the wynd and flyghtfull ayre. But if 950 

Thou knew me well, it would thee irke to flye and bee a greef 
Too tarrye from mee. Yea thou wouldst endevor all thy powre 
Too keepe mee wholly too thy self. The Quarry is my bowre 
Heawen out of whole mayne stone. No Sun in sommer there can swelt, 
No nipping cold in wintertyme within the same is felt. 
Gay Apples weying downe the boughes have I, and Grapes like gold, 
And purple Grapes on spreaded Vynes as many as can hold, 
Bothe which I doo reserve for thee. Thyself shalt with thy hand 
The soft sweete strawbryes gather, which in wooddy shadowe stand. 
The Cornell berryes also from the tree thy self shalt pull, 960 

And pleasant plommes, sum yellow lyke new wax, sum blew, sum full 
Of ruddy jewce. Of Chestnutts eeke (if my wyfe thou wilt bee) 
Thou shalt have store : and frutes all sortes : All trees shall serve for thee. 

270 



This Cattell heere is all myne owne. And many mo besyde "] 

Doo eyther in the bottoms feede, or in the woodes them hyde, I 

And many standing at theyr stalles doo in my Cave abyde. 

The number of them (if a man should ask) I cannot showe. 

Tush, beggars of theyr Cattell use the number for too knowe. 

And for the goodnesse of the same, no whit beleeve thou mee, 

But come thyself (and if thou wilt) the truth therof too see. 970 

See how theyr udders full doo make them straddle. Lesser ware 

Shet up at home in cloce warme peends, are Lambes. There also are 

In other pinfolds Kidds of selfsame yeaning tyme. Thus have 

I alwayes mylke as whyte as snow, wherof I sum doo save 

Too drink, and of the rest is made good cheese. And furthermore 

Not only stale and common gifts and pleasures wherof store 

Is too bee had at eche mannes hand, (as Leverets, Kidds, and Does, 

A payre of pigeons, or a nest of birds new found, or Roes), 

Shall untoo thee presented bee. I found this toother day 

A payre of Bearewhelpes, eche so lyke the other as they lay 980 

Uppon a hill, that scarce yee eche discerne from other may. 

And when that I did fynd them I did take them up, and say 

Theis will I for my Lady keepe for her therwith too play. 

Now put thou up thy fayre bryght head good Galat I thee pray 

Above the greenish waves : now come my Galat, come away, 

And of my present take no scorne. I know my selfe too bee 

A jollye fellow. For even now I did behold and see 

Myne image in the water sheere, and sure mee thought I tooke 

Delyght too see my goodly shape and favor, in the brooke. 

Behold how big I am, not Jove in heaven (for so you men 990 

Report one Jove too reigne, of whom I passe not for too ken) 

Is howger than this doughty corce of myne. A bush of heare 

Dooth overdreepe my visage grim, and shadowes as it were 

A grove uppon my shoulders twayne. And think it not too bee "1 

A shame for that with brisded heare my body rough yee see. > 

A fowle ilfavored syght it is too see a leavelesse tree, J 

A lothely thing it is, a horse without a mane too keepe. 

As fethers doo become the birdes, and wooll becommeth sheepe, 

Even so a beard and bristled skin becommeth also men. 

I have but one eye, which dooth stand amid my frunt: what then? 1000 

This one round eye of myne is lyke a myghty target. Why ? 

Vewes not the Sun all things from heaven ? Yit but one only eye 

Hath hee : moreover in your Seas my father beares the sway. 

Him will I make thy fathrinlaw. Have mercy I the pray, 

And harken too myne humble sute. For only untoo thee 

Yeeld I. Even I of whom bothe heaven and Jove despysed bee 

And eeke the percing thunderbolt, doo stand in awe and feare 

Of thee O Nerye. Thyne ill will is greevouser too beare 

Than is the deadly Thunderclappe. Yit could I better fynd 

In hart too suffer this contempt of thyne with pacient mynd, 10 10 

If thou didst shonne all other folk as well as mee. But why 

Rejecting Cyclops doost thou love dwarf Acis? why say I 

Preferst thou Acts untoo mee ? well let him liked bee 

Both of himself, and also (which I would be lothe) of thee. 

271 



And if I catch him he shall feele that in my body is 

The force that should bee. I shall paunch him quicke. Those limbes of his 

I will in peeces teare, and strew them in the feeldes, and in 

Thy waters, if he doo thee haunt. For I doo swelt within, 

And being chaafte the flame dooth burne more feerce too my unrest. 

Mee thinks mount Aetna with his force is closed in my brest. 1020 

And yit it nothing moveth thee. Assoone as he had talkt 

Thus much in vayne, (I sawe well all) he rose : and fuming stalkt 
Among his woodes and woonted Lawndes, as dooth a Bulchin, when 
The Cow is from him tane. He could him no where rest as then. 
Anon the feend espyed mee and Acis where wee lay, 
Before wee wist or feared it : and crying out gan say : 
I see yee, and confounded myght I bee with endlesse shame, 
But if I make this day the last agreement of your game. 
Theis wordes were spoke with such a reere as verry well became 
An angry Giant. Aetna shooke with lowdnesse of the same. 1030 

I scaard therwith dopt underneathe the water, and the knyght 
Simethus turning streyght his backe, did give himself too flyght, 
And cryed help mee Galate, help parents I you pray, 
And in your kingdome mee receyve whoo perrish must streyghtway. 
The roundeyd devill made pursewt : and rending up a fleece 
Of Aetna Rocke, threw after him : of which a little peece 
Did Acts overtake, and yit as little as it was, 
It overwhelmed Acis whole. I wretched wyght (alas) 
Did that which destnyes would permit. Foorthwith I brought too passe 
That Acis should receyve the force his father had before. 1040 

His scarlet blood did issue from the lump, and more and more 
Within a whyle the rednesse gan too vannish : and the hew 
Resembled at the first a brooke with rayne distroubled new, 
Which wexeth cleere by length of tyme. Anon the lump did clyve, 
And from the hollow cliffe therof hygh reedes sprang up alyve. 
And at the hollow issue of the stone the bubling water 
Came trickling out. And by and by (which is a woondrous matter) 
The stripling with a wreath of reede about his horned head 
Avaunst his body too the waste. Whoo (save he was that stead 
Much biggar than he erst had beene, and altoogither gray) "1 1050 

Was Acis still : and being turnd too water, at this day 
In shape of ryver still he beares his former name away. 

The Lady Galat ceast her talk and streyght the companye brake, 
And Neryes daughters parting thence, swam in the gende lake. > 
Dame Scylla home ageine returnd. (Shee durst not her betake J 

Too open sea) and eyther roamd uppon the sandy shore 
Stark naakt, or when for weerinesse shee could not walk no more, 
Shee then withdrew her out of syght, and gate her too a poole, 
And in the water of the same, her heated limbes did coole. 
Behold the fortune. Glaucus (whoo then being late before 1060 

Transformed in Ewboya He uppon Anthedon shore, 
Was new becomne a dweller in the sea) as he did swim 
Along the coast, was tane in love at syght of Scylla trim, 
And spake such woordes as he did think myght make her tarry still : 
Yit fled shee still, and swift for feare shee gate her too a hill 

272 



That butted on the sea. Ryght steepe and upward sharp did shootc 
A loftye toppe with trees, beneathe was hollowe at the foote. 
Heere Scylla stayd and being sauf by strongnesse of the place, 
(Not knowing if he monster were, or God, that did her chace), 
Shee looked backe. And woondring at his colour and his heare, 1070 

With which his shoulders and his backe all wholly covered were, 
Shee saw his neather parts were like a fish with tayle wrythde round, 
Who leaning too the neerest Rocke, sayd thus with lowd cleere sound : 
Fayre mayd, I neyther monster am nor cruell savage beast : 
But of the sea a God, whoose powre and favour is not least. 
For neyther Protew in the sea nor Triton have more myght, 
Nor yit the sonne of Athamas that now Pal<emon hyght. 
Yit once I was a mortall man. But you must know that I 
Was given too seawoorkes, and in them mee only did apply. 
For sumtyme I did draw the drag in which the fishes were, 1080 

And sumtyme sitting on the cliffes I angled heere and there. 
There butteth on a fayre greene mede a bank, wherof tone half 
Is cloasd with sea, the rest is clad with herbes which never calf 
Nor horned Ox, nor seely sheepe, nor shakheard Goate did feede : 
The busye Bee did never there of flowres sweete smelling speede, 
No gladsum garlonds ever there were gathered for the head, 
No hand those flowers ever yit with hooked sythe did shred. 
I was the first that ever set my foote uppon that plot. 
Now as I dryde my dropping netts, and layd abrode my lotte, 
Too tell how many fishes had bychaunce too net beene sent, 1090 

Or through theyr owne too lyght beleefe on bayted hooke beene hent : 
(The matter seemeth lyke a lye, but what avayles too lye?) 
Assoone as that my pray had towcht the grasse, it by and by 
Began too move, and flask theyr finnes, and swim uppon the drye, 
As in the Sea. And as I pawsd and woondred at the syght, 
My draught of fishes everychone too seaward tooke theyr flyght, ) 

And leaping from the shore, forsooke their newfound mayster quyght. J 
I was amazed at the thing : and standing long in dowt, 
I sought the cause if any God had brought this same abowt, 
Or else sum jewce of herbe. And as I so did musing stand, 1 100 

What herb (quoth 1) hath such a powre ? and gathering with my hand 
The grasse, I bote it with my toothe. My throte had scarcely yit 
Well swallowed downe the uncouth jewce, when like an agew fit 
I felt myne inwards soodeinly too shake, and with the same, 
A love of other nature in my brest with violence came. 
And long I could it not resist, but sayd : deere land adeew, 
For never shall I haunt thee more. And with that woord I threw 
My bodye in the sea. The Goddes thereof receyving mee, 
Vouchsaved in theyr order mee installed for too bee. 

Desyring old Oceanus and Thetis for theyr sake 1 1 10 

The rest of my mortalitie away from mee too take, 
They hallowed mee, and having sayd nyne tymes the holy ryme 
That purgeth all prophanednesse, they charged mee that tyme 
Too put my brestbulk underneathe a hundred streames. Anon 
The brookes from sundry coastes and all the seas did ryde uppon 
My head. From whence as soone as I returned, by and by 

2 N 273 



I felt my self farre otherwyse through all my limbes, than I 
Had beene before, and in my mynd I was another man. 
Thus farre of all that mee befell make just report I can, 

Thus farre I beare in mynd. The rest my mynd perceyved not. 1 1 20 

Then first of all this hory greene gray grisild beard I got, 
And this same bush of heare which all along the seas I sweepe. 
And theis same myghty shoulders, and theis grayish armes, and feete 
Coonfounded intoo finned fish. But what avayleth mee 
This goodly shape, and of the Goddes of sea too loved bee, > 
Or for too be a God my self, if they delyght not thee ? J 

As he was speaking this, and still about too utter more, 
Dame Scylla him forsooke : wherat he wexing angry sore, 
And beeing quickned with repulse, in rage hee tooke his way 
Too Circes Titans daughters Court which full of monsters lay. 1 1 30 



Finis Libri decimi tertij. 



274 




THE FOURTEENTH BOOKE 

of Ovids Metamorphosis. 

jOW had th'Ewboyan fisherman (whoo lately was becomme 
: A God of sea too dwell in sea for ay,) alreadye swomme 
Past Aetna which uppon the face of Giant Typho lyes, 
Toogither with the pasture of the Cyclops which defyes 
Both Plough and harrowe, and by teemes of Oxen sets no store : 
And Zancle, and crackt Rhegion which stands a toother shore : 

\ And eeke the rough and shipwrecke sea which being hemmed in 

With twoo mayne landes on eyther syde, is as a bound betwin 
The frutefull Realmes of Italy and Skill. From that place 
He cutting through the Tyrrhene sea with both his armes a pace, 10 

Arryved at the grassye hilles and at the Palace hye 
Of Circe Phcebus imp which full of sundry beastes did lye. 
When Glaucus in her presence came, and had her greeted, and 
Receyved freendly welcomming and greeting at her hand, 
He sayd : O Goddesse pitie mee a God I thee desyre : 
Thou only (if at least thou think mee woorthy so great hyre) 
Canst ease this love of myne. No wyght dooth better know than I 
The powre of herbes, whoo late ago transformed was therby. 
And now too open untoo thee of this my greef the ground, 
Uppon th'Italyan shore ageinst Messene walls I found 20 

Fayre Scylla. Shame it is too tell how scornfull shee did take 
The gentle woordes and promises and sute that I did make. 
But if that any powre at all consist in charmes, then let 
That sacret mouth of thyne cast charmes : or if more force bee set 
In herbes too compasse things withall, then use the herbes that have 
Most strength in woorking. Neyther think, I hither come too crave 
A medcine for too heale myself and cure my wounded hart : 
I force no end. I would have her bee partener of my smart. 
But Circe (for no natures are more lyghtly set on fyre 
Than such as shee is) (whither that the cause of this desyre 30 

Were only in herself, or that Dame Venus bearing ay 
In mynd her fathers deede in once disclosing of her play, 
Did stirre her heereuntoo) sayd thus. It were a better way 
For thee too fancye such a one whoose will and whole desyre 
Is bent too thyne, and whoo is sindgd with selfsame kynd of fyre. 
Thou woorthye art of sute too thee : and (credit mee) thou shouldst 
Bee woode in deede if any hope of speeding give thou wouldst. 
And therefore dowt not. Only of thy beawtye lyking have. 
Lo, 1 whoo am a Goddesse and the imp of Phcebus brave, 

Whoo can so much by charmes, whoo can so much by herbes, doo vow 40 

My self too thee. If I disdeine, disdeine mee also thow. 
And if I yeeld, yeeld thou likewyse : and in one only deede 
Avenge thy self of twayne. Too her intreating thus too speede, 
First trees shall grow (quoth Glaucus) in the sea, and reeke shall thryve 
On toppes of hilles, ere I (as long as Scylla is alyve) 
Doo chaunge my love. The Goddesse wext right wroth, and sith she could 

275 



Not hurt his persone beeing falne in love with him, ne would : 

Shee spyghted her that was preferd before her. And uppon 

Displeasure tane of this repulse, shee went her way anon. 

And wicked weedes of grisly jewce toogither shee did bray, 50 

And in the braying, witching charmes shee over them did say. 

And putting on a russet cloke, shee passed through the rowt 

Of savage beastes that in her court came fawning round abowt, 

And going untoo Rhegion cliffe which standes ageinst the shore 

Of Zancle, entred by and by the waters that doo rore 

With violent tydes, uppon the which shee stood as on firme land, 

And ran and never wet her feete awhit. There was at hand 

A little plash that bowwed like a bowe that standeth bent, 

Where Scylla woonted was too rest herself, and thither went 

From rage of sea and ayre, what tyme the sonne amid the skye 60 

Is whotest, making shadowes short by mounting up on hye. 

This plash did Circe then infect ageinst that Scylla came, 

And with her poysons which had powre most monstrous shapes too frame, 

Defyled it. Shee sprincled there the jewce of venymd weedes, 

And thryce nyne tymes with witching mouth shee softly mumbling, reedes 

A charme ryght darke of uncouth woordes. No sooner Scylla came 

Within this plash, and too the waast had waded in the same, 

But that shee sawe her hinderloynes with barking buggs atteint. 

And at the first, not thinking with her body they were meynt 

As parts therof, shee started back, and rated them. And sore 70 

Shee was afrayd the eager curres should byght her. But the more 

Shee shonned them, the surer still shee was too have them there. 

In seeking where her loynes, and thyghes, and feete and ancles were, 

Chappes like the chappes of Cerberus in stead of them shee found. 

Nought else was there than cruell curres from belly downe too ground. 

So underneathe misshapen loynes and womb remayning sound, 

Her mannish mastyes backes were ay within the water drownd. 

Her lover Glaucus wept therat, and Circes bed refusde 

That had so passing cruelly her herbes on Scylla usde. 
But Scylla in that place abode. And for the hate shee bore 80 

Too Circeward, (assoone as meete occasion servde therfore) 
Shee spoyld Ulysses of his mates. And shortly after, shee 
Had also drownd the Trojane fleete, but that (as yit wee see) 
Shee was transformd too rock of stone, which shipmen warely shonne. 
When from this Rocke the Trojane fleete by force of Ores had wonne, 
And from Charybdis greedye gulf, and were in manner readye 
Too have arryvde in Italy, the wynd did ryse so heady, 
As that it drave them backe uppon the coast of Affricke. There 
The Tyrian Queene (whoo afterward unpaciently should beare 
The going of this Trojane prince away) did enterteine 90 

Aen<eas in her house, and was ryght glad of him and fayne. 
Uppon a Pyle made underneathe pretence of sacrifyse 
Shee goard herself upon a swoord, and in most wofull wyse 
As shee herself had beene beguyld : so shee beguyled all. 
Eftsoone Aetiteas flying from the newly reered wall 
Of Carthage in that sandy land, retyred backe agen 
Too Skill, where his faythfull freend Acestes reignd. And when 

276 



He there had doone his sacrifyse, and kept an Obit at 

His fathers tumb, he out of hand did mend his Gallyes that 

Dame Iris Junos messenger had burned up almost. ioo 

And sayling thence he kept his course aloof along the coast 

Of Aedlye and of Vulcanes lies the which of brimston smoke, 

And passing by the Meremayds rocks, (His Pilot by a stroke 

Of tempest being drownd in sea) he sayld by Prochite, and 

Inarime, and (which uppon a barreine hill dooth stand) 

The land of Ape He, which dooth take that name of people slye ~| 

There dwelling. For the Syre of Goddes abhorring utterly I 

The leawdnesse of the Cercops, and theyr wilfull perjurye, 

And eeke theyr guylefull dealing, did transforme them everychone 

Intoo an evillfavored kynd of beast : that beeing none, no 

They myght yit still resemble men. He knit in lesser space 

Theyr members, and he beate mee flat theyr noses too theyr face, 

The which he filled furrowlike with wrinckles every where. 1 

He clad theyr bodyes over all with fallow coulourd heare, I 

And put them intoo this same He too dwell for ever there. 

But first he did bereeve them of the use of speeche and toong, 

Which they too cursed perjurye did use bothe old and yoong. 

Too chatter hoarcely, and too shreeke, too jabber, and too squeake 

He hath them left, and for too moppe and mowe, but not too speake. 

Aen<eas having past this He, and on his ryght hand left 1 20 

The towne ox Naples, and the tumb of My sen on his left, 
Toogither with the fenny grounds : at Cutnye landed, and 
Went untoo longlyvde Cybills house, with whom he went in hand, 
That he too see his fathers ghoste myght go by Averne deepe. 
Shee long uppon the earth in stownd her eyes did fixed keepe. 
And at the length assoone as that the spryght of prophesye 
Was entred her, shee raysing them did thus ageine reply : 
O most renowmed myght, of whom the godlynesse by fyre, 
And valeantnesse is tryde by swoord, great things thou doost requyre. 
But feare not Trojane : for thou shalt bee lord of thy desyre. 1 30 

Too see the reverend ymage of thy deerebeeloved syre, 
Among the fayre Elysian feeldes where godly folke abyde, 
And all the lowest kingdoomes of the world I will thee guyde : 
No way too vertue is restreynd. This spoken, shee did showe 
A golden bowgh that in the wood of Proserpine did growe, 
And willed him too pull it from the tree. He did obey, 
And sawe the powre of dreadfull hell, and where his graundsyres lay, 
And eeke the aged Ghost of stowt Anchises. Furthermore 
He lernd the customes of the land arryvd at late before, 

And what adventures should by warre betyde him in that place. 140 

From thence retyring up ageine a slow and weery pace, 
He did asswage the tediousnesse by talking with his guyde. 
For as he in the twylyght dim this dreadfull way did ryde, 
He sayfid : whither present thou thyself a Goddesse bee, 
Or such a one as God dooth love most deerly, I will thee 
For ever as a Goddesse take, and will acknowledge mee 
Thy servant, for saufguyding mee the place of death too see, 
And for thou from the place of death haste brought mee sauf and free. 

277 



For which desert, what tyme I shall atteyne too open ayre, 
I will a temple to thee buyld ryght sumptuous, large, and fayre, 1 50 

And honour thee with frankincence. The prophetisse did cast 
Her eye uppon Aen<eas backe, and syghing sayd at last : 
I am no Goddesse. Neyther think thou canst with conscience ryght, 
With holy incence honour give too any mortall wyght. 
But too thentent through ignorance thou erre not, I had beene 
Eternall, and of worldly lyfe I should none end have seene, 
If that I would my maydenhod on Phebus have bestowde. 
Howbeeit whyle he stood in hope too have the same, and trowde 
Too overcome mee with his gifts : thou mayd of Cumes (quoth hee) 
Choose what thou wilt, and of thy wish the owner thou shalt bee. 1 60 

I taking full my hand of dust, and shewing it him there, 
Desyred like a foole too live as many yeeres as were 
Small graynes of cinder in that heape. I quight forgot too crave 
Immediately, the race of all those yeeres in youth too have. 
Yit did he graunt mee also that, uppon condicion I 
Would let him have my maydenhod, which thing I did denye. 
And so rejecting Phebus gift a single lyfe I led. 
But now the blessefull tyme of youth is altoogither fled, > 

And irksome age with trembling pace is stolne uppon my head, J 
Which long I must endure. For now already as you see 1 70 

Seven hundred yeares are come and gone : and that the number bee 
Full matched of the granes of dust, threehundred harvestes mo, 
I must three hundred vintages see more, before I go. 
The day will come that length of tyme shall make my body small, 
And litde of my withered limbes shall leave or naught at all, 
And none shall think that ever God was tane in love with mee. 
Even out of Phebus knowledge then perchaunce I growen shall bee, 
Or at the least that ever he mee lovde he shall denye, 
So sore I shall be altered. And then shall no mannes eye 

Discerne mee. Only by my voyce I shall bee knowen. For why 180 

The fates shall leave mee still my voyce for folke too know mee by. 
As Sybill in the vaulted way such talk as this did frame, 
The Trojane knyght Aenaas up at Cumes fro Limbo came, 
And having doone the sacrifyse accustomd for the same, 
He tooke his journey too the coast, which had not yit the name 
Receyved of his nurce. In this same place he found a mate 
Of wyse Ulysses, Macare of Neritus, whoo late 
Before, had after all his long and tediouse toyles, there stayd. 
He spying Achemenides (whom late ago afrayd 

They had among mount Aetnas Cliffs abandond when they fled 190 

From Polypheme) : and woondring for too see he was not dead, 
Sayd thus : O Achemenides, what chaunce, or rather what 
Good God hathe savde the lyfe of thee ? What is the reason that 
A barbrous shippe beares thee a Greeke ? or whither saylest thou ? 
Too him thus Achemenides, his owne man freely now, 
And not forgrowen as one forlorne, nor clad in bristled hyde, 
Made answer : Yit ageine I would I should in perrill byde 
Of Polypheme, and that I myght those chappes of his behold 
Beesmeared with the blood of men, but if that I doo hold 

278 



This shippe more deere than all the Realme of wyse Ulysses, or 200 

If lesser of Aen<eas I doo make account than for 

My father, neyther (though I did as much as doone myght bee), 

I could ynough bee thankfull for his goodnesse towards mee. 

That I still speake and breathe : That I the Sun and heaven doo see : 

Is his gift. Can I thanklesse then or myndlesse of him bee, 

That downe the round eyed gyants throte this soule of myne went not ? 

And that from hencefoorth, when too dye it ever be my lot, 

I may bee layd in grave, or sure not in the Gyants mawe ? *] 

What hart had I that tyme (at least if feare did not withdrawe \ 

Both hart and sence) when left behynd, you taking shippe I sawe? J 210 

I would have called after you but that I was afrayd 

By making outcrye too my fo myself too have beewrayd, 

For even the noyse that you did make did put Ulysses shippe 

In daunger. I did see him from a cragged mountaine strippe 

A myghty rocke, and intoo sea it throwe midway and more : 

Ageine I sawe his giants pawe throwe howge big stones great store 

As if it were a sling. And sore I feared least your shippe 

Should drowned by the water bee that from the stones did skippe, 

Or by the stones themselves, as if my self had beene therin. 

But when that flyght had saved you from death, he did begin 220 

On Aetna syghing up and downe too walke : and with his pawes 

Went groping of the trees among the woodes. And forbycause 

He could not see, he knockt his shinnes ageinst the rocks eche where, 

And stretching out his grisly armes (which all beegrymed were 

With baken blood) too seaward, he the Greekish nation band, 225 

And sayd : O if that sum good chaunce myght bring untoo my hand 

Ulysses or sum mate of his, on whom too wreake myne ire. 

Uppon whose bowells with my teeth I like a Hawke myght tyre : 

Whose living members myght with theis my talants teared beene. 

Whoose blood myght bubble downe my throte: whose flesh myght pant betweene 

My jawes : how lyght or none at all this losing of myne eye 

Would seeme ? Theis wordes and many mo the cruell feend did cry. 

A shuddring horror perced mee too see his smudged face, 

And cruell handes, and in his frunt the fowle round eyelesse place, 

And monstruous members, and his beard beslowbered with the blood 235 

Of man. Before myne eyes then death the smallest sorrow stood. 

I loked every minute too bee seased in his pawe, 

I looked ever when he should have cramd mee in his mawe. \ 

And in my mynd I of that tyme mee thought the image sawe, J 

When having dingd a doozen of our fellowes too the grownd, 240 

And lying lyke a Lyon feerce or hunger sterved hownd 

Uppon them, very eagerly he downe his greedy gut 

Theyr bowwels and theyr limbes yit more than half alive did put, 

And with theyr flesh toogither crasht the bones and maree whyght. 

I trembling like an aspen leaf stood sad and bloodlesse quyght. 

And in beholding how he fed and belked up againe 

His bloody vittells at his mouth, and uttred out amayne 

The clottred gobbets mixt with wyne, I thus surmysde : like lot 

Hangs over my head now, and I must also go too pot. 

And hyding mee for many dayes, and quaking horribly 250 

279 



At every noyse, and dreading death, and wisshing for too dye, 
Appeasing hunger with the leaves of trees, and herbes and mast, 
Alone, and poore, and footelesse, and too death and pennance cast, > 
A long tyme after I espyde this shippe a farre at last, J 

And ronning downeward too the sea by signes did succour seeke, 
Where fynding grace, this Trojane shippe receyved mee a Greeke. 
But now I prey thee gentle freend declare thou untoo mee 
Thy Capteines and thy fellowes lucke that tooke the sea with thee. 

He told him how that Aeolus the sonne of Hippot, hea 

That keepes the wyndes in pryson cloce did reigne in Tuskane sea, 260 
And how Ulysses having at his hand a noble gift, 
The wynd enclosde in leather bagges, did sayle with prosperous drift 
Nyne dayes toogither : insomuch they came within the syght 
Of home : but on the tenth day when the morning gan give lyght, 
His fellowes being somewhat toucht with covetousenesse and spyght, 
Supposing that it had been gold, did let the wyndes out quyght : 
The which returning whence they came, did drive them backe a mayne, 
That in the Realme of AeSlus they went a land agayne. 
From thence (quoth he) we came untoo the auncient Lamyes towne, 
Of which the feerce Antiphates that season ware the crowne. 270 

A cowple of my mates and I were sent untoo him : and 
A mate of myne and I could scarce by flyght escape his hand, 
The third of us did with his blood erribrew the wicked face 
Of leawd Antiphate, whoo with swoord us flying thence did chace, 
And following after with a rowt threw stones and loggs which drownd 
Both men and shippes. Howbeeit one by chaunce escaped sound, 
Which bare Ulysses and my self. So having lost most part 
Of all our deare companions, we with sad and sory hart 
And much complayning, did arryve at yoonder coast, which yow 
May ken farre hence. A great way hence (I say) wee see it now, f 280 

But trust mee truly over neere I saw it once. And thow J 

Aenaas Goddesse Venus sonne the justest knight of all 
The Trojane race (for sith the warre is doone, I can not call 
Thee fo) I warne thee get thee far from Circes dwelling place. 
For when our shippes arryved there, remembring eft the cace 
Of cruell king Antiphates, and of that hellish wyght 
The round eyed gyant Polypheme, wee had so small delyght 
Too visit uncowth places, that wee sayd wee would not go. 
Then cast we lotts. The lot fell out uppon myself as tho, 
And Polyte, and Eury locus, and on Elpenor, who 290 

Delyghted tootoomuch in wyne, and eyghteene other mo. 
All wee did go too Circes house. Assoone as wee came thither, 
And in the portall of the Hall had set our feete toogither, 
A thousand Lyons woolves and beares did put us in a feare 
By meeting us. But none of them was too bee feared there. 
For none of them could doo us harme : but with a gentle looke 
And following us with fawning feete theyr wanton tayles they shooke. 
Anon did Damzells welcome us and led us through the hall 
(The which was made of marble stone, floore, arches, roof, and wall) 
Too Circe. Shee sate underneathe a traverse in a chayre 300 

Aloft ryght rich and stately, in a chamber large and fayre. 

280 



Shee ware a goodly long treynd gowne : and all her rest attyre 

Was every whit of goldsmithes woork. There sate mee also by her 

The Seanymphes and her Ladyes whoose fyne fingers never knew 

What toozing wooll did meene, nor threede from whorled spindle drew. 

They sorted herbes, and picking out the flowers that were mixt, 

Did put them intoo mawnds, and with indifferent space betwixt, 

Did lay the leaves and stalks on heapes according too theyr hew, 1 

And shee herself the woork of them did oversee and vew. > 

The vertue and the use of them ryght perfectly shee knew, 3 1 o 

And in what leaf it lay, and which in mixture would agree. 1 

And so perusing every herb by good advysement, shee l 

Did wey them out. Assoone as shee us entring in did see, 

And greeting had bothe given and tane, shee looked cheerefully, 

And graunting all that wee desyrde, commaunded by and by 

A certeine potion too bee made of barly parched drye, 

And wyne and hony mixt with cheese, and with the same shee slye 

Had meynt the jewce of certeine herbes which unespyde did lye 

By reason of the sweetenesse of the drink. Wee tooke the cup 

Delivered by her wicked hand, and quaft it cleerely up 320 

With thirstye throtes. Which doone, and that the cursed witch had smit 

Our highest heare tippes with her wand, (it is a shame, but yit 

I will declare the truth) I wext all rough with bristled heare, 

And could not make complaint with woordes. In stead of speech I there > 

Did make a rawghtish grunting, and with groveling face gan beare 

My visage downeward too the ground. I felt a hooked groyne 

Too wexen hard uppon my mouth, and brawned neck too joyne 

My head and shoulders. And the handes with which I late ago 

Had taken up the charmed cup, were turnd too feete as tho. > 

Such force there is in Sorcerie. In fyne wyth other mo J 330 

That tasted of the selfsame sawce, they shet mee in a Stye. 

From this missehappe Eurilochus alonly scapte. For why 

He only would not taste the cup, which had he not fled fro, 

He should have beene a bristled beast as well as we. And so 

Should none have borne Ulysses woorde of our mischaunce, nor hee 

Have comme too Circe too revenge our harmes and set us free. 

The peaceprocurer Mercurie had given too him a whyght 

Fayre flowre whoose roote is black, and of the Goddes it Moly hyght. 

Assurde by this and heavenly hestes, he entred Circes bowre, 

And beeing bidden for too drink the cup of balefull powre, 340 

As Circe was about too stroke her wand uppon his heare, 

He thrust her backe, and put her with his naked swoord in feare. 

Then fell they too agreement streyght, and fayth in hand was plyght. 

And beeing made her bedfellowe, he claymed as in ryght > 

Of dowrye, for too have his men ageine in perfect plyght. J 

Shee sprincled us with better jewce of uncowth herbes, and strake 

The awk end of her charmed rod uppon our heades, and spake 

Woordes too the former contrarie. The more shee charmd, the more 

Arose wee upward from the ground on which wee daarde before. 

Our bristles fell away, the clift our cloven clees forsooke : 350 

Our shoulders did returne agein : and next our elbowes tooke 

Our armes and handes theyr former place. Then weeping we embrace 

2 o 281 



Our Lord, and hing about his necke whoo also wept apace. 
And not a woord wee rather spake than such as myght appeere 
From harts most thankfull too proceede. We taryed there a yeere. 

I in that whyle sawe many things, and many things did heere. 

I marked also this one thing with store of other geere 
Which one of Circes fowre cheef maydes (whoose office was alway 
Uppon such hallowes too attend) did secretly bewray 

Too mee. For in the whyle my Lord with Circe kept alone, 360 

This mayd a yoongmannes image sheawd of fayre whyght marble stone 
Within a Chauncell. On the head therof were garlonds store 
And eeke a woodspecke. And as I demaunded her wherfore 
And whoo it was they honord so in holy Church, and why 
He bare that bird uppon his head : Shee answeering by and by, 
Sayd : lerne hereby sir Macare too understand the powre 
My Lady hathe, and marke thou well what I shall say this howre. 

There reignd erewhyle in Italy one Picus Saturnes sonne 

Whoo loved warlike horse and had delyght too see them ronne. 
He was of feature as yee see. And by this image heere 370 

The verry beawtye of the man dooth lyvelely appeere. 
His courage matcht his personage. And scarcely had he well 
Seene twentye yeeres. His countnance did allure the nymphes that dwell 
Among the Latian hilles. The nymphes of fountaines and of brookes, 
' Now called As those that haunted * Albula were ravisht with his lookes, 
Tyber. And so were they that Numicke beares, and Anio too, and Alme 
That ronneth short, and heady Nar, and Farfar coole and calme. 
And all the nymphes that usde too haunt Dianas shadye poole, 
Or any lakes or meeres neere hand, or other waters coole. 

But he disdeyning all the rest did set his love uppon 380 

A lady whom Venilia bare (so fame reporteth) on 
The stately mountayne Palatine by Janus that dooth beare 
The dowble face. Assoone as that her yeeres for maryage were 
Thought able, shee preferring him before all other men, 
Was wedded too this Picus whoo was king of Lawrents then. 
Shee was in beawtye excellent, but yit in singing, much 
More excellent : and theruppon they naamd her Singer. Such 
The sweetenesse of her musicke was, that shee therwith delyghts 
The savage beastes, and caused birdes too cease theyr wandring flyghts, 
And moved stones and trees, and made the ronning streames too stay. 390 

Now whyle that shee in womans tune recordes her pleasant lay 
At home, her husband rode abrode uppon a lustye horse 
Too hunt the Boare, and bare in hand twoo hunting staves of force. 
His cloke was crymzen butned with a golden button fast. 
Intoo the selfsame forest eeke was Phebus daughter past 
From those same feeldes that of herself the name of Circe beare, 
Too gather uncowth herbes among the frutefull hillocks there. 
Assoone as lurking in the shrubbes shee did the king espye, 
Shee was astrawght. Downe fell her herbes too ground. And by and by > 
Through all her bones the flame of love the maree gan too frye. J 400 

And when shee from this forced heate had cald her witts agen, 
Shee purposde too bewray her mynd. But untoo him as then > 

Shee could not come for swiftnesse of his horse and for his men J 

282 



) 



That garded him on every syde. Yit shalt thou not (quoth shee) 

So shift thee fro my handes although the wynd should carrye thee, 

If 1 doo knowe myself, if all the strength of herbes fayle not, 

Or if I have not quyght and cleene my charmes and spelles forgotte. 

In saying theis same woordes, shee made the likenesse of a Boare 

Without a body, causing it too swiftly passe before 

King Picus eyes, and for too seeme too get him too the woode, 410 

Where for the thickenesse of the trees a horse myght doo no good. 

Immediatly the king unwares a whote pursute did make 

Uppon the shadowe of his pray, and quikly did forsake 

His foming horses sweating backe : and following vayne wan hope, 

Did runne a foote among the woodes, and through the bushes crope. 

Then Circe fell a mumbling spelles, and praying like a witch 

Did honour straunge and uncowth Goddes with uncowth charmes, by which 

Shee usde too make the moone looke dark, and wrappe her fathers head 

In watry clowdes. And then likewyse the heaven was overspred 

With darknesse, and a foggye mist steamd upward from the ground, 420 

And neare a man about the king too gard him could bee found, 

But every man in blynd by wayes ran scattring in the chace, 

Through her inchauntments. At the length shee getting tyme and place 

Sayd : By those lyghtsum eyes of thyne which late have ravisht myne, 

And by that goodly personage and lovely face of thyne, 

The which compelleth mee that am a Goddesse too enclyne 

Too make this humble sute too thee that art a mortall wyght, 

Asswage my flame, and make this sonne (whoo by his heavenly syght 

Foresees all things) thy fathrinlawe : and hardly hold not scorne 

Of Circe whoo by long discent of Titans stocke am borne. 430 

Thus much sayd Circe. He ryght feerce rejecting her request, 

And her, sayd : whooso ere thou art go set thy hart at rest. 

I am not thyne, nor will not bee. Another holdes my hart : 

And long God graunt shee may it hold, that I may never start 

Too leawdnesse of a forreine lust from bond of lawfull bed, 

As long as Janus daughter my sweete singer is not dead. 

Dame Circe having oft renewd her sute in vayne beefore, 

Sayd : dearely shalt thou by thy scorne. For never shalt thou more 

Returne too Singer. Thou shalt lerne by proof what one can doo 

That is provoked, and in love, yea and a woman too. 440 

But Circe is bothe stird too wrath, and also tane in love, 

Yea and a woman. Twyce her face too westward she did move, 

And twyce too Eastward. Thryce shee layd her rod uppon his head, 

And therwithall three charmes shee cast. Away king Picus fled : 

And woondring that he fled more swift than earst he had been woont, 

He saw the fethers on his skin, and at the sodein brunt 

Became a bird that haunts the wooddes: wherat he taking spyght, 

With angrye bill did job uppon hard Okes with all his myght, 

And in his moode made hollowe holes uppon theyr boughes. The hew 

Of Crimzen which was in his cloke, uppon his fethers grew. 450 

The gold that was a clasp and did his cloke toogither hold, 

Is fethers, and about his necke goes circlewyse like gold. 

His servants luring in that whyle oft over all the ground 

In vayne, and fynding no where of theyr kyng no incling, found 

283 



Dame Circe. (For by that tyme shee had made the ayfir sheere, 

And suftred both the sonne and wyndes the mistye streames too cleere) 

And charging her with matter trew, demaunded for theyr kyng, 

And oflring force, began theyr darts and Javelings for too fling. 

Shee sprincling noysom venim streyght and jewce of poysoning myght, 

Did call toogither Eribus and Chaos, and the nyght, 460 

And all the feendes of darlcnesse, and with howling out along 

Made prayers untoo Hecate. Scarce ended was her song, 

But that (a woondrous thing too tell) the woodes lept from theyr place, 

The ground did grone : the trees neere hand lookt pale in all the chace : 

The grasse besprent with droppes of blood lookt red : the stones did seeme 

Too roare and bellow hoarce : and doggs too howle and raze extreeme : 

And all the ground too crawle with snakes blacke scaald : and gastly spryghts 

Fly whisking up and downe. The folke were flayghted at theis syghts. 

And as they woondring stood amaazd, shee strokte her witching wand 

Uppon theyr faces. At the touche wherof, there out of hand 470 

Came woondrous shapes of savage beastes uppon them all. Not one 

Reteyned still his native shape. The setting sonne was gone 

Beyond the utmost coast of Spaine, and Singer longd in vayne 

Too see her husband. Bothe her folke and people ran agayne 

Through all the woodes. And ever as they went, they sent theyr eyes 

Before them for too fynd him out, but no man him espyes. 

Then Singer thought it not ynough too weepe and teare her heare, 

And beat herself (all which shee did). Shee gate abrode, and there 

Raundgd over all the broade wyld feelds like one besyds her witts. 

Six nyghts and full as many dayes (as fortune led by fitts) 480 

She strayd mee over hilles and dales, and never tasted rest, 

Nor meate, nor drink of all the whyle. The seventh day, sore opprest 

And tyred bothe with travell and with sorrowe, downe shee sate 

Uppon cold Tybers bank, and there with teares in moorning rate 

Shee warbling on her greef in tune not shirle nor over hye, 

Did make her moane, as dooth the swan : whoo ready for too dye 

Dooth sing his buriall song before. Her maree molt at last 

With moorning, and shee pynde away : and finally shee past 

Too lither ayre. But yit her fame remayned in the place. 

For why the auncient husbandmen according too the cace 490 

Did name it Singer of the nymph that dyed in the same. 

Of such as these are, many things that yeere by fortune came 

Bothe too my heering and my sight. We wexing resty then 

And sluggs by discontinuance, were commaunded yit agen 

Too go a boord and hoyse up sayles. And Circe told us all 

That long and dowtfull passage and rowgh seas should us befall. 

I promis thee those woordes of hers mee throughly made afrayd, 

And therfore hither I mee gat, and heere I have mee stayd. 

This was the end of Macars tale. And ere long tyme was gone, 
Aen<ea$ Nurce was buryed in a tumb of marble stone, 500 

And this short verse was set theron. In this same verry place 
My Nurcechyld whom the world dooth know too bee a chyld of grace, 
Delivering mee Caieta quicke from burning by the Grayes y 
Hathe burnt mee dead with such a fyre as justly winnes him prayse. 
Theyr Cables from the grassye strond were loozde, and by and by 

284 




From Circes skunderous house and from her treasons farre they fly. 

And making too the thickgrowen groves where through the yellow dust 

The shady Tyber intoo sea his gusshing streame dooth thrust, 

Aenaas got the Realme of king Latinus Fawnus sonne 

And eeke his daughter, whom in feyght by force of armes he wonne. 510 

He enterprysed warre ageinst a Nation feerce and strong, "] 

And Turne was wrothe for holding of his wyfe away by wrong. \ 

Ageinst the Shyre of Latium met all Tyrrhene, and long 

With busye care hawlt victorie by force of armes was sought. 

Eche partie too augment theyr force by forreine succour wrought. 

And many sent the Rutilh help, and many came too ayd 

The Trojanes : neyther was the good Aen<eas ill apayd 

Of going too Evanders towne. But Venulus in vayne 

Too outcast Diomeds citie went his succour too obteine. 

This Diomed under Dawnus king of Calabrye did found 520 

A myghtye towne, and with his wyfe in dowrye hild the ground. 
Now when from Turnus, Venulus his message had declaard, 
Desyring help : Th.' Aetolian knyght sayd none could well bee spaard. 
And in excuce, he told him how he neyther durst be bold 
Too prest his fathers folke too warre, of whom he had no hold, 
Nor any of his countrymen had left as then alyve "j 

Too arme : And least yee think (quoth hee) I doo a shift contryve, \ 
Although by uppening of the thing my bitter greef revyve, 
I will abyde too make a new rehersall. After that 

The Greekes had burned Troy and on the ground had layd it flat, 530 

And that the Prince of Narix by his ravishing the mayd 
In Pallas temple, on us all the pennance had displayd 
Which he himself deservd alone : Then scattred heere and there 
And harryed over all the seas, wee Greekes were fayne too beare 
Nyght, thunder, tempest, wrath of heaven and sea, and last of all 
Sore shipwrecke at mount Capharey too mend our harmes withall. 
And least that mee too make too long a processe yee myght deeme 
In setting forth our heavy happes, the Greekes myght that tyme seeme 
Ryght rewfull even too Priamus. Howbeet Minerva shee 

That weareth armour tooke mee from the waves and saved mee. 540 

But from my fathers Realme ageine by violence I was driven. 
For Venus bearing still in mynd the wound I had her given 
Long tyme before, did woork revendge. By meanes wherof such toyle 
Did tosse mee on the sea, and on the land I found such broyle 
By warres, that in my hart I thought them blist of God whom erst 
The violence of the raging sea and hideous wynds had perst, 
And whom the wrathfull Capharey by shipwrecke did confound : 
Oft wisshing also I had there among the rest beene drownd, 
My company now having felt the woorst that sea or warre 

Could woorke, did faynt, and wisht an end of straying out so farre. 550 

But Agmon whot of nature and too feerce through slaughters made, 
Sayd : What remayneth sirs through which our pacience cannot wade ? 
What further spyght hath Venus yit too woork ageinst us more? 
When woorse misfortunes may bee feard than have beene felt before, 
Then prayer may advauntadge men, and vowwing may them boote. 
But when the woorst is past of things, then feare is under foote. 

285 



And when that bale is hyghest growne, then boote must next ensew. 

Although shee heere mee, and doo hate us all (which thing is trew) 

That serve heere under Diomed : Yit set wee lyght her hate. 

And deerely it should stand us on too purchase hygh estate. 560 

With such stowt woordes did Agmon stirre dame Venus untoo ire, 

And raysd ageine her settled grudge. Not many had desyre 

Too heere him talk thus out of square. The moste of us that are 

His freendes rebukte him for his woordes. And as he did prepare 

Too answere, both his voyce and throte by which his voyce should go, 

Were small : his heare too feathers turnd : his necke was clad as tho 

With feathers ; so was brist and backe. The greater fethers stacke 

Uppon his armes, and intoo wings his elbowes bowwed backe. 

The greatest portion of his feete was turned intoo toes : 

A hardened bill of home did growe uppon his mouth and noze, 570 

And sharpened at the neather end. His fellowes Lycus, Ide, 

Rethenor, Nyct, and Abas all stoode woondring by his syde. 

And as they woondred, they receyvd the selfsame shape and hew, 

And finally the greater part of all my band up flew, 

And clapping with theyr newmade wings, about the ores did gird. 

And if yee doo demaund the shape of this same dowtfull bird, 

Even as they bee not verry Swannes, so drawe they verry neere The Elk. 

The shape of Cygnets whyght. With much a doo I setded heere, 

And with a little remnant of my people doo obteyne 

The drygrownds of my fathrinlaw King Dawnus whoo did reigne 580 

In Calabry. Thus much the sonne of Oenye sayd. Anon 

Sir Venulus returning from the king of Calydon, 

Forsooke the coast of Puteoll and the feeldes of Messapie, 
In which hee saw a darksome denne forgrowne with busshes hye, 
And watred with a little spring. The halfegoate Pan that howre 
Possessed it : but heertoofore it was the fayryes bowre. 
A shepeherd of Appulia from that countrye scaard them furst: 
But afterward recovering hart and hardynesse, they durst 
Despyse him when he chaced them, and with theyr nimble feete 
Continewed on their dawncing still in tyme and measure meete. 590 

The shepeherd fownd mee fault with them : and with his lowtlike leapes 
Did counterfette theyr minyon dawnce, and rapped out by heapes 
A rabble of unsavery taunts even like a country cloyne, 
Too which, most leawd and filthy termes of purpose he did joyne. 
And after he had once begon, he could not hold his toong, 
Untill that in the timber of a tree his throte was cloong. 
For now he is a tree, and by his jewce discerne yee may 
His manners. For the Olyf wyld dooth sensibly bewray 
By berryes full of bitternesse his rayling toong. For ay 
The harsh nesse of his bitter woordes the berryes beare away. 600 

Now when the Kings Ambassadour returned home without 

The succour of tWAetolian prince, the Ru tills being stout 
Made luckelesse warre without their help, and much on eyther syde 
Was shed of blood. Behold king Turne made burning bronds too glyde 
Uppon theyr shippes, and they that had escaped water, stoode 
In feare of fyre. The flame had sindgd the pitch, the wax, and wood, 
And other things that nourish fyre, and ronning up the maste 

286 



Caught hold uppon the sayles, and all the takling gan too waste. 

The Rowers seates did also smoke : when calling too her mynd 

That theis same shippes were pynetrees erst and shaken with the wynd 610 

On Ida mount, the moother of the Goddes dame Cybel filld 

The ayre with sound of belles, and noyse of shalmes. And as shee hilld 

The reynes that rulde the Lyons tame which drew her charyot, Shee 

Sayd thus : O Turnus all in vayne theis wicked hands of thee 

Doo cast this fyre : for by myself dispoynted it shall bee. 

I wilnot let the wasting fyre consume theis shippes which are 

A parcell of my forest Ids of which I am most chare. 

It thundred as the Goddesse spake, and with the thunder came 

A storme of rayne and skipping hayle, and soodeyne with the same 

The sonnes of Astrey meeting feerce and feyghting verry sore, 620 

Did trouble bothe the sea and ayre and set them on a rore. 

Dame Cybel using one of them too serve her turne that tyde, 

Did breake the Cables at the which the Trojane shippes did ryde, 

And bare them prone, and underneathe the water did them dryve. 

The Timber of them softning turnd too bodyes streyght alyve : 

The stemmes were turnd too heades, the ores too swimming feete and toes, 

The sydes too rybbes, the keele that through the middle gaily goes 

Became the ridgebone of the backe : the sayles and tackling, heare : 

And intoo armes on eyther syde the sayleyards turned were. 

Theyr hew is duskye as before, and now in shape of mayd 630 

They play among the waves of which even now they were afrayd. 

And beeing Seanymphes, wheras they were bred in mountaynes hard, 

They haunt for ay the water soft, and never afterward 

Had mynd too see theyr natyve soyle. But yit forgetting not 

How many perills they had felt on sea by lucklesse lot, 

They often put theyr helping hand too shippes distrest by wynd, 

Onlesse that any caryed Greekes. For bearing still in mynd \ 

The burning of the towne of Troy, they hate the Greekes by kynd. J 

And therfore of Ulysses shippes ryght glad they were too see 

The shivers, and as glad they were as any glad myght bee, 640 

Too see Alrinous shippes wex hard and turned intoo stone. 

Theis shippes thus having gotten lyfe and beeing turnd eche one 
Too nymphes, a body would have thought the miracle so greate 
Should intoo Turnus wicked hart sum godly feare have beate, 
And made him cease his wilfull warre. But he did still persist. 
And eyther partye had theyr Goddes theyr quarrell too assist, 
And courage also : which as good as Goddes myght well be thought. 
In fyne they neyther for the Realme nor for the scepter sought, 
Nor for the Lady Lavine, but for conquest. And for shame 
Too seeme too shrinke in leaving warre, they still prolongd the same. 650 

At length dame Venus sawe her sonne obteyne the upper hand. 
King Turnus fell, and eeke the towne of Ardea which did stand 
Ryght strong in hygh estate as long as Turnus lived. But 
Assoone as that Aeneas swoord too death had Turnus put, 
The towne was set on fyre, and from amid the embers flew 
A fowle which till that present tyme no persone ever knew, 
And beete the ashes feercely up with flapping of his wing. 
The leanenesse, palenesse, dolefull sound, and every other thing 

287 



} 



That may expresse a Citie sakt, yea and the Cities name 

Remayned still untoo the bird. And now the verrye same 660 

With Hernesewes fethers dooth bewayle the towne wherof it came. 

And now Aenaas prowesse had compelled all the Goddes 

And Juno also (whoo with him was most of all at oddes) 
Too cease theyr old displeasure quyght. And now he having layd 
Good ground wheron the growing welth of July myght be stayd, 
Was rype for heaven. And Venus had great sute already made 
Too all the Goddes, and cleeping Jove did thus with him perswade : 
Deere father whoo hast never beene uncurtuous untoo mee, 
Now shewe the greatest courtesie (I pray thee) that may bee. 
And on my sonne Aenaas (whoo a graundchyld untoo thee 670 

Hath got of my bloode) if thou wilt vouchsafe him awght at all 
Vouchsafe sum Godhead too bestowe, although it bee but small. 
It is ynough that once he hathe alreadye seene the Realme 
Of Pluto utter pleasurelesse, and passed Styxis streame. 
The Goddes assented : neyther did Queene Juno then appeere 
In countnance straunge, but did consent with glad and merry cheere. 
Then Jove : Aenaas woorthy is a saynct in heaven too bee. 
Thy wish for whom thou doost it wish I graunt thee frank and free. 
This graunt of his made Venus glad. Shee thankt him for the same. 
And glyding through the aire uppon her yoked doves, shee came 680 

Too Lawrent shore, where clad with reede the river Numicke deepe 
Too seaward (which is neere at hand) with stealing pace dooth creepe. 
Shee bade this river wash away whatever mortall were 
In good Aeneas bodye, and them under sea too beare. 
The horned brooke fulfilld her hest, and with his water sheere 
Did purge and clenze Aenaas from his mortall bodye cleere. 
The better porcion of him did remayne untoo him sownd. 
His moother having hallowed him did noynt his bodye rownd 
With heavenly odours, and did touch his mouth with Ambrosie, 
The which was mixt with Nectar sweete, and made him by and by 690 

A God too whom the Romanes give the name of Indiges, 
Endevering with theyr temples and theyr altars him too please. 

Ascanius with the dowble name from thence began too reigne, 

In whom the rule of Alba and of Latium did remayne. 
Next him succeeded Silvius, whoose sonne Latinus hild 
The auncient name and scepter which his graundsyre erst did weeld. 
The famous Epit after this Latinus did succeede, 
Then Capys and king Capetus. But Capys was indeede 
The formest of the twoo. From this the scepter of the Realme 
Descended untoo Tyberine, whoo drowning in the streame 700 

Of Tyber left that name theretoo. This Tyberine begat 
Feerce Remulus and Acrota. By chaunce it hapned that 
The elder brother Remulus for counterfeiting oft 
The thunder, with a thunderbolt was killed from aloft. 
From Acrota, whose stayednesse did passe his brothers skill, 
The crowne did comme too Aventine, whoo in the selfsame hill 
In which he reygned buryed lyes, and left thertoo his name. 
The rule of nation Palatine at length too Proca came. 

288 



// may be In this kings reigne * Pomona livd. There was not too bee found 

interpreted Among the woodnymphes any one in all the Latian ground 710 

Applebee. That was so conning for too keepe an Ortyard as was shee, 
Nor none so paynefull too preserve the frute of every tree. 
And theruppon shee had her name. Shee past not for the woodes 
Nor rivers, but the villages and boughes that bare both buddes 
And plentuous frute. In sted of dart a shredding hooke shee bare, 
With which the overlusty boughes shee eft away did pare 
That spreaded out too farre, and eft did make therwith a rift 
Too greffe another imp uppon the stocke within the clift. 
And least her trees should die through drought, with water of the springs 
Shee moysteth of theyr sucking roots the little crumpled strings. 720 

This was her love and whole delyght. And as for Venus deedes 
Shee had no mynd at all of them. And forbycause shee dreedes 
Enforcement by the countrye folke, shee walld her yards about, 
Not suffring any man at all too enter in or out. 
What have not those same nimble laddes so apt too frisk and daunce 
The Satyrs doone? or what the Pannes that wantonly doo praunce 
With horned forheads ? and the old Silenus whoo is ay 
More youthfull than his yeares ? and eeke the feend that scares away 
The theeves and robbers with his hooke, or with his privy part, 
To winne her love ? But yit than theis a farre more constant hart 730 

Had sly * Vertumnus, though he sped no better than the rest. * Turner. 

O Lord, how often being in a moawers garment drest, 
Bare he in bundells sheaves of corne ? and when he so was dyght, 
He was the verry patterne of a harvest moawer ryght. 
Oft bynding newmade hay about his temples he myght seeme 
A haymaker. Oft tymes in hand made hard with woork extreeme 
He bare a goade, that men would sweere he had but newly then 
Unyoakt his weerye Oxen. Had he tane in hand agen 
A shredding hooke, yee would have thought hee had a gardener beene, 
Or proyner of sum vynes. Or had you him with ladder seene 740 

Uppon his necke, a gatherer of frute yee would him deeme : 
With swoord a souldier, with his rod an Angler he did seeme. 
And finally in many shapes he sought too fynd accesse 
Too joy the beawty but by syght, that did his hart oppresse. 
Moreover, putting on his head a womans wimple gay, 
And staying by a staffe, graye heares he foorth too syght did lay 
Uppon his forehead, and did feyne a beldame for too bee. 
By meanes whereof he came within her goodly ortyards free : 
And woondring at the frute, sayd : Much more skill hast thou I see 
Than all the Nymphes of Albula. Hayle Lady myne, the flowre 750 

Unspotted of pure maydenhod in all the world this howre. 
And with that word he kissed her a little : but his kisse 
Was such as trew old women would have never given ywys. 
Then sitting downe uppon a bank, he looked upward at 
The braunches bent with harvests weyght. Ageinst him where he sat 
A goodly Elme with glistring grapes did growe : which after hee 
Had praysed, and the vyne likewyse that ran uppon the tree : 

But if (quoth he) this Elme without the vyne did single stand, 
It should have nothing (saving leaves) too bee desyred : and 

2 p 289 



Ageine if that the vyne which ronnes uppon the Elme had nat 760 

The tree too leane untoo, it should uppon the ground ly flat. 

Yit art not thou admonisht by example of this tree 

Too take a husband, neyther doost thou passe too maryed bee. 

But would too God thou wouldest. Sure Queene Helen never had 

Mo suters, nor the Lady that did cause the battell mad 

Betweene the halfbrute Centawres and the Lapythes, nor the wyfe 

Of bold Ulysses whoo was eeke ay fearefull of his lyfe, 

Than thou shouldst have. For thousands now (even now most cheefly when 

Thou seem est suters too abhorre) desyre thee, both of men, 

And Goddes and halfgoddes, yea and all the fayryes that doo dwell 770 

In Albane hilles. But if thou wilt bee wyse, and myndest well 

Too match thy self, and wilt give eare too this old woman heere, 

(Too whom thou more than too them all art (trust mee) leef and deere, 

And more than thou thyself beleevst) the common matches flee, 

And choose Vertumnus too thy make. And take thou mee too bee > 

His pledge. For more he too himself not knowen is, than too mee. 

He roves not like a ronneagate through all the world abrode, 

This countrye heerabout (the which is large) is his abode. 

He dooth not (like a nomber of theis common wooers) cast 

His love to every one he sees. Thou art the first and last 780 

That ever he set mynd uppon. Alonly untoo thee 

Hee vowes himself as long as lyfe dooth last. Moreover hee 

Is youthfull, and with beawtye sheene endewd by natures gift, 

And apdy intoo any shape his persone he can shift. 

Thou canst not bid him bee the thing, (though all things thou shouldst name) 

But that he fitly and with ease will streyght becomme the same. 

Besydes all this, in all one thing bothe twayne of you delyght, 

And of the frutes that you love best the firstlings are his ryght : 

And gladly he receyves thy gifts. But neyther covets hee 

Thy Apples, Plommes, nor other frutes new gathered from the tree, 790 

Nor yit the herbes of pleasant sent that in thy gardynes bee, 

Nor any other kynd of thing in all the world, but thee. 

Have mercy on his fervent love, and think himself too crave 

Heere present by the mouth of mee, the thing that he would have. 

And feare the God that may revenge : as Venus whoo dooth hate 

Hard harted folkes, and Rhamnuse whoo dooth eyther soone or late 

Expresse her wrath with myndfull wreake. And too thentent thou may 

The more beware, of many things which tyme by long delay 

Hathe taught mee, I will shewe thee one which over all the land 

Of Cyprus blazed is abrode, which being ryghtly skand 800 

May easly bow thy hardned hart and make it for too yild. 

One Iphis borne of lowe degree by fortune had behild 

The Ladye Anaxarele descended of the race 
Of Tewcer, and in vewwing her the fyre of love a pace 
Did spred it self through all his bones. With which he stryving long, 
When reason could not conquer rage bycause it was too strong, 
Came humbly too the Ladyes house : and one whyle laying ope 
His wretched love before her nurce, besought her by the hope 
Of Lady Anaxarete her nurcechylds good successe 
Shee would not bee ageinst him in that cace of his distresse. 810 

290 



Anoother whyle entreating fayre sum freend of hers, he prayd 

Him earnestly with carefull voyce, of furthrance and of ayd. 

Oftymes he did preferre his sute by gentle letters sent. 

Oft garlonds moysted with the deawe of teares that from him went 

He hanged on her postes. Oft tymes his tender sydes he layd 

Ageinst the threshold hard, and oft in sadnesse did upbrayd 

The locke with much ungentlenesse. The Lady crueller 

Than are the rysing narrowe seas, or falling kiddes, and farre 

More hard than Steele of Noricum y and than the stonny rocke 

That in the quarrye hath his roote, did him despyse and mocke. 820 

Besyde her dooings mercylesse, of statelynesse and spyght 

Shee adding prowd and skornefull woordes, defrauds the wretched wyght 

Of verry hope. But Iphis now unable any more 

Too beare the torment of his greef, still standing there before 

Her gate, spake theis his latest woordes : well Anaxarete, 

Thou hast the upper hand. Hencefoorth thou shalt not neede too bee 

Agreeved any more with mee. Go tryumph hardely : 

Go vaunt thy self with joy : go sing the song of victorye : 

Go put a crowne of glittring bay uppon thy cruell head. 

For why thou hast the upper hand, and I am gladly dead. 830 

Well, steely harted well : rejoyce. Compeld yit shalt thou bee 

Of sumwhat in mee for too have a lyking. Thou shalt see 

A poynt wherein thou mayst mee deeme most thankfull untoo thee, 

And in the end thou shalt confesse the great desert of mee. 

But yit remember that as long as lyfe in mee dooth last, 

The care of thee shall never from this hart of myne be cast. 

For bothe the lyfe that I doo live in hope of thee, and toother 

Which nature giveth, shall have end and passe away toogither. 

The tydings neyther of my death shall come too thee bee fame. 

Myself (I doo assure thee) will bee bringer of the same. 840 

My self (I say) will present bee, that those same cruell eyen 

Of thyne may feede themselves uppon this livelesse corce of myne. 

But yit O Goddes, (if you behold mennes deedes) remember mee. 

(My toong will serve too pray no more) and cause that I may bee 

Longtyme heerafter spoken of, and length the lyfe by fame 

The which yee have abridgd in yeeres. In saying of this same 

He lifted up his watrye eyes and armes that wexed wan, 

Too those same stulpes which oft he had with garlondes deckt ere than, 

And fastning on the toppe therof a halter thus did say : 

Thou cruell and ungodly wyght, theis are the wreathes that may 850 

Most pleasure thee. And with that woord he thrusting in his head, 

Even then did turne him towards her as good as being dead, 

And wretchedly did totter on the poste with strangled throte. 

The wicket which his feerefull feete in sprawling maynely smote, 

Did make a noyse : and flying ope bewrayd his dooing playne. 

The servants shreekt, and lifting up his bodye, but in vayne, \ 

Conveyd him too his moothers house : his rather erst was slayne. J 

His moother layd him in her lappe, and cleeping in her armes 

Her sonnes cold bodye, after that shee had bewayld her harmes 

With woordes and dooings mootherlyke, the corce with moorning cheere 860 

Too buryall sadly through the towne was borne uppon a beere. 

291 



The house of Anaxarete by chaunce was neere the way 

By which this piteous pomp did passe, and of the doolefull lay 

The sound came too the eares or her, whom God alreadye gan 

Too strike. Yit let us see (quoth shee) the buryall of this man. \ 

And up the hygh wyde windowde house in saying so, shee ran. 

Scarce had shee well on Iphis lookt that on the beere did lye, 

But that her eyes wext stark, and from her limbes the blood gan flye : 

In stead therof came palenesse in. And as shee backeward was 

In mynd too go, her feete stacke fast and could not stirre. And as 870 

Shee would have cast her countnance backe, shee could not doo it. And 

The stonny hardnesse which a late did in her stomacke stand, 

Within a whyle did overgrow her whole from sole too crowne. 

And least you think this geere surmysde, even yit in Salamin towne 

Of Lady Anaxarete the image standeth playne. 

The temple also in the which the image dooth remayne, 

Is untoo Venus consecrate by name of looker out. 

And therfore weying well theis things, I prey thee looke about 

Good Lady, and away with pryde, and be content too frame 

Thy self too him that loveth thee and cannot quench his flame. 880 

So neyther may the Lentons cold thy budding frutetrees kill, 

Nor yit the sharp and boystous wyndes thy flowring Gardynes spill. 

The God that can uppon him take what kynd of shape he list 

Now having sayd thus much in vayne, omitted too persist 
In beldames shape, and shewde himself a lusty gentleman, 
Appeering too her cheerefully, even like as Phoebus whan 
Hee having overcomme the clowdes that did withstand his myght, 
Dooth blaze his brightsum beames agein with fuller heate and lyght. 
He ofrred force, but now no force was needfull in the cace. 

For why shee beeing caught in love with beawty of his face, > 890 

Was wounded then as well as hee, and gan too yeeld a pace. J 

Next Proca reignd Amulius in Awsonye by wrong. 

Till Numitor the ryghtful heyre deposed verry long, 
Was by his daughters sonnes restorde. And on the feastfull day 
Of Pale, foundation of the walles of Rome they gan too lay, 
Soone after Tacye, and the Lordes of Sabine stird debate : 
And Tarpey for her traytrous deede in opening of the gate 
Of Tarpey towre, was prest too death according too desert 
With armour heapt uppon her head. Then feerce and stowt of hart 
The Sabines like too toonglesse woolves without all noyse of talke 900 

Assayld the Romanes in theyr sleepe, and too the gates gan stalke 
Which Ilias sonne had closed fast with lockes and barres. But yit 
Dame Juno had set open one, and as shee opened it 
Had made no noyse of craking with the hindges, so that none 
Perceyvd the opening of the gate but Venus allalone. 
And shee had shet it up, but that it is not lawfull too 
One God too undoo any thing another God hath doo. 
The waternymphes of Awsonie hild all the groundes about 
The Church of Janus where was store of springs fresh flowing out. 
Dame Venus prayd theis nymphes of help. And they considering that 910 

The Goddesse did request no more but ryght, denyde it nat. 
They opened all theyr fountayne veynes and made them flowe apace. 

292 



Howbeet the passage was not yit too Janus open face 

Forclosed : neyther had as yit the water stopt the way. "| 

They put rank brimstone underneathe the flowing spring that day, ^ 

And eeke with smokye rozen set theyr veynes on fyre for ay. 

Through force of theis and other things, the vapour perced lowe 

Even downe unto the verry rootes on which the springs did growe, 

So that the waters which a late in coldnesse myght compare 

Even with the frozen Alpes, now whot as burning furnace are. 920 

The twoo gate posts with sprinkling of the fyry water smoakt, 

Wherby the gate beehyghted too the Sabines quyght was choakt 

With rysing of this fountaine straunge, untill that Marsis knyght 

Had armed him. Then Romulus did boldly offer fyght. 

The Romane ground with Sabines and with Romanes bothe were spred, 

And with the blood of fathrinlawes which wicked swoord had shed, 

Flowde mixt the blood of sonneinlawes. Howbeet it seemed best 

Too bothe the partyes at the length from battell for too rest, 

And not too fyght too uttrance : And that Tacye should becoome 

Copartner with king Romulus of sovereintye in Roome. 930 

Within a whyle king Tacye dyde : And bothe the Sabines and 

The Romanes under Romulus in equall ryght did stand. 

The God of battell putting of his glittring helmet then, 

With such like woordes as theis bespake the syre of Goddes and men. 

The tyme O father (in as much as now the Romane state 

Is wexen strong uppon the good foundation layd alate, 
Depending on the stay of one) is comme for thee too make 
Thy promis good which thou of mee and of thy graundchyld spake : 
Which was too take him from the earth and in the heaven him stay. 
Thou once (I markt thy gracious woordes and bare them well away) > 940 

Before a great assembly of the Goddes didst too mee say, J 

There shalbee one whom thou shalt rayse above the starry skye. 
Now let thy saying take effect. Jove graunting by and by, > 

The ayre was hid with darksom clowdes, and thunder foorth did fly, J 
And lyghtning made the world agast. Which Mars perceyving too 
Bee luckye tokens for himself his enterpryse too doo, > 

Did take his rist uppon his speare and boldly lept intoo J 

His bloodye charyot. And he lent his horses with his whippe 
A yirking lash, and through the ayre full smoothely downe did slippe. 
And staying on the woody toppe of mountayne Palatine, 950 

He tooke away king Romulus whoo there did then defyne 
The pryvate caces of his folk unseemly for a king. 
And as a leaden pellet broade enforced from a sling, 
Is woont too dye amid the skye : even so his mortall flesh 
Sank from him downe the suttle ayre : In sted wherof a fresh 
And goodly shape more stately and more meete for sacred shryne 
Succeeded, like our Quirin that in stately robe dooth shyne. 

Hersilia for her feere as lost, of moorning made none end, 

Untill Queene Juno did commaund dame Iris too discend 
Uppon the Raynebowe downe, and thus her message for too doo. 960 

O of the Latian country and the Sabine nacion too 
Thou peerlesse perle of womanhod, most woorthy for too bee 
The wyfe of such a noble prince as heertoofore was hee, 

293 



And still too bee the wyfe of him canonized by name 

Of Quirin : cease thy teares. And if thou have desyre the same 

Thy holy husband for too see, ensew mee too the queache 

That groweth greene on Quirins hill, whoose shadowes overreache 

The temple of the Romane King. Dame Iris did obey: 

And slyding by her paynted bowe, in former woordes did say 

Her errand too Hersilia. Shee scarce lifting up her eyes, 970 

With sober countnance answerd : O thou Goddesse (for surmyse 

I cannot whoo thou art, but yit I well may understand 

Thou art a Goddesse) leede mee O deere Goddesse leede mee, and 

My husband too mee shewe. Whom if the fatall susters three 

Will of theyr gracious goodnesse graunt mee leave but once too see, 

I shall account mee intoo heaven receyved for too bee. 

Immediady with Thawmants imp too Quirins hill shee went. 

There glyding from the sky a starre streyght downe too ground was sent, 

The sparkes of whoose bryght blazing beames did burne Hersilias heare. 

And with the starre the ayre did up her heare too heavenward beare. 980 

The buylder of the towne of Roome receyving streyght the same 

Betweene his old acquaynted handes, did alter both her name 

And eeke her bodye, calling her dame Ora. And by this 

Shee joyndy with her husband for a Goddesse woorshipt is. 



Finis Libri decimi guard. 



294 




THE FIFTEENTH BOOKE 

of Ovids Metamorphosis. 

PERSONE in the whyle was sought sufficient too susteine 
[ The burthen of so great a charge, and woorthy for too reigne 
In stead of such a mighty prince. The noble Nume by fame 
, (Whoo harped then uppon the truthe before too passe it came) 
jAppoynted too the Empyre was. This Numa thought it not 
Inough that he the knowledge of the Sabine rites had got : 
[The deepenesse of the noble wit too greater things was bent, "I 
Too serch of things the natures out. The care of this intent L 

Did cause that he from Curie and his native Countrye went 
With peynfull travell, too the towne where Hercules did hoste, 10 

And asking who it was of Greece that in tWItalian coast 
Had buylt that towne, an aged man well seene in storyes old, ] 
Too satisfye his mynd therin the processe thus him told. \ 

As Hercules enriched with the Spannish kyne did hold 
His voyage from the Ocean sea, men say with lucky cut 
He came a land on Lacine coast. And whyle he there did put 
His beace too grazing, he himself in Crotons house did rest, 
The greatest man in all those parts and untoo straungers best: 
And that he there refresht him of his tedious travell, and 

That when he should depart, he sayd : where now thy house dooth stand, 20 
Shall in thy childers childrens tyme a Citie buylded bee, 
Which woordes of his have proved trew as playnly now wee see. 
For why there was one Myscelus a Greeke, Alemons sonne, 
A persone more in favour of the Goddes than any one 
1 Hercules. In those dayes was. The * God that beares the boystous club did stay 
Uppon him being fast a sleepe, and sayd : go seeke streyght way 
The stonny streame of Aeserie. Thy native soyle for ay 
Forsake. And sore he threatned him onlesse he did obey. 
The God and sleepe departed both toogither. Up did ryse 
Alemons sonne, and in himself did secretly devyse 30 

Uppon this vision. Long his mynd strove dowtfull too and fro. ~| 
The God bad go. His country lawes did say he should not go, \ 
And death was made the penaltie for him that would doo so. J 
Cleere Titan in the Ocean sea had hid his lyghtsomme head, 
And duskye nyght had put up hers most thick with starres bespred. 
The selfsame God by Myscelus did seeme too stand eftsoone, 
Commaunding him the selfsame thing that he before had doone, 
And threatning mo and greater plages onlesse he did obey, 
Then being stricken sore in feare he went about streyghtway ^ 

His household from his natyve lond too forreine too convey. J 40 

A rumor heereuppon did ryse through all the towne of Arge, 
And disobedience of the lawe was layed too his charge. 
Assoone as that the cace had first beene pleaded and the deede 
Apparantly perceyved, so that witnesse did not neede, 
Arreyned and forlorne too heaven he cast his handes and eyes, 
And sayd : O God whoose labours twelve have purchaste thee the skyes, 

295 



} 



Assist mee I the pray. For thou art author of my cryme. 

When judgement should bee given it was the guyse in auncient tyme 

With whyght stones too acquit the cleere, and eeke with blacke too cast 

The giltye. That tyme also so the heavy sentence past. 50 

The stones were cast unmercifull all blacke intoo the pot. 

But when the stones were powred out too number, there was not 

A blacke among them. All were whyght. And so through Hercles powre 

A gende judgement did proceede, and he was quit that howre. 

Then gave he thankes too Hercules, and having prosprous blast, 

Cut over the Isnian sea, and so by Tarent past 

Which Spartanes buylt, and Cybaris, and Neath salentine. 

And Thurine bay, and Emese, and eeke the pastures fyne 

Of Calabrye. And having scarce well sought the coastes that lye 

Uppon the sea, he found the mouth of fatall Aeserye. 60 

Not farre from thence, he also found the tumb in which the ground 

Did kiver Crotons holy bones, and in that place did found 

The Citie that was willed him, and gave theretoo the name 

Of him that there lay buryed. Such originall as this same 

This Citie in xK Italian coast is sayd too have by fame. 

Heere dwelt a man of Samos He, who for the hate he had 

Too Lordlynesse and Tyranny, though unconstreynd was glad 
Too make himself a bannisht man. And though this persone weere 
Farre distant from the Goddes by site of heaven: yit came he neere \ 
Too them in mynd. And he by syght of soule and reason cleere J 70 

Behild the things which nature dooth too fleshly eyes denye. 
And when with care most vigilant he had assuredly > 

Imprinted all things in his hart, he set them openly J 

Abroade for other folk too lerne. He taught his silent sort 
(Which woondred at the heavenly woordes theyr mayster did report) 
The first foundation of the world : the cause of every thing : 
What nature was : and what was God : whence snow and lyghtning spring : 
And whither Jove or else the wynds in breaking clowdes doo thunder : 
What shakes the earth : what law the starres doo keepe theyr courses under : 
And what soever other thing is hid from common sence. 80 

He also is the first that did injoyne an abstinence 
Too feede of any lyving thing. He also first of all 
Spake thus, although ryght lernedly, yit too effect but small : 

Yee mortall men forbeare too frank your flesh with wicked foode. 

Yee have both corne and frutes of trees and grapes and herbes right good, 
And though that sum bee harsh and hard, yit fyre may make them well 
Both soft and sweete. Yee may have milk, and honny which dooth smell 
Of flowres of tyme. The lavas earth dooth yeeld you plentiously 
Most gende foode, and riches too content bothe mynd and eye. > 

There needes no slaughter nor no blood too get your living by. J 90 

The beastes doo breake theyr fast with flesh : and yit not all beastes neyther, 
For horses, sheepe, and Rotherbeastes too live by grasse had lever. 
The nature of the beast that dooth delyght in bloody foode, 
Is cruell and unmercifull. As Lyons feerce of moode, 
Armenian Tigers, Beares, and Woolves. Oh what a wickednesse 
It is to cram the mawe with mawe, and frank up flesh with flesh, 
And for one living thing too live by killing of another : 

296 



As whoo should say, that of so great abundance which our moother 

The earth dooth yeeld most bountuously, none other myght delyght 

Thy cruell teethe too chawe uppon, than grisly woundes that myght ioo 

Expresse the Cyclops guyse : or else as if thou could not stawnche 

The hunger of thy greedye gut and evill mannerd pawnche, 

Onlesse thou stroyd sum other wyght. But that same auncient age 

Which wee have naamd the golden world, cleene voyd of all such rage, 

Livd blessedly by frute of trees and herbes that grow on ground, "] 

And stayned not their mouthes with blood. Then birds might safe and sound > 

Fly where they listed in the ayre. The hare unscaard of hound 

Went pricking over all the feeldes. No angling hooke with bayt 

Did hang the seely fish that bote mistrusting no deceyt. 

All things were voyd of guylefulnesse : no treason was in trust : no 

But all was freendshippe, love, and peace. But after that the lust 

Of one (what God so ere he was) disdeyning former fare, 

Too cram that cruell croppe of his with fleshmeate did not spare, 

He made a way for wickednesse. And first of all the knyfe 

Was staynd with blood of savage beastes in ridding them of lyfe. 

And that had nothing beene amisse, if there had beene the stay. 

For why wee graunt, without the breach of godlynesse wee may \ 

By death confound the things that seeke too take our lyves away. 

But as too kill them reason was : even so agein theyr was 

No reason why too eate theyr flesh. This leawdnesse thence did passe 120 

On further still. Wheras there was no sacrifyse beforne, 

The Swyne (bycause with hoked groyne he wrooted up the corne, 

And did deceyve the tillmen of theyr hope next yeere thereby) 

Was deemed woorthy by desert in sacrifyse too dye. 

The Goate for byghting vynes was slayne at Bacchus altar, whoo 

Wreakes such misdeedes. Theyr owne offence was hurtful to theis twoo. 

But what have you poore sheepe misdoone, a cattell meeke and meeld, 

Created for too maynteine man, whoose fulsomme duggs doo yeeld 

Sweete Nectar, whoo dooth clothe us with your wooll in soft aray, 

Whoose lyfe dooth more us benefite than dooth your death farreway? 130 

What trespasse have the Oxen doone, a beast without all guyle 

Or craft, unhurtfull, simple, borne too labour every whyle ? 

In fayth he is unmyndfull and unwoorthy of increace 

Of corne, that in his hart can fynd his tilman too releace 

From plowgh, too cut his throte : that in his hart can fynde (I say) 

Those neckes with hatchets of too strike, whoose skinne is worne away 

With labring ay for him : whoo turnd so oft his land most tough, 

Whoo brought so many harvestes home. Yit is it not ynough 

That such a great outrageousenesse committed is. They father 

Theyr wickednesse uppon the Goddes. And falsly they doo gather 140 

That in the death of peynfull Ox the hyghest dooth delyght. 

A sacrifyse unblemished and fayrest untoo syght, 

(For beawtye woorketh them theyr bane) adornd with garlonds, and 

With glittring gold, is cyted at the altar for too stand. 

There heeres he woordes (he wotes not what) the which the preest dooth pray, "1 

And on his forehead suffereth him betweene his homes too lay > 

The eares of corne that he himself hath wrought for in the clay, J 

And stayneth with his blood the knyfe that he himself perchaunce 

2 q 297 



} 



Hathe in the water sheere ere then behild by soodein glaunce. 

Immediady they haling out his hartstrings still alive, 1 50 

And poring on them, seeke therein Goddes secrets too retryve. 

Whence commes so greedy appetyte in men of wicked meate ? 

And dare yee O yee mortall men adventure thus too eate ? 

Nay doo not (I beseeche yee) so. But give good eare and heede 

Too that that I shall warne you of, and trust it as your creede, 

That whensoever you doo eate your Oxen, you devowre 

Your husbandmen. And forasmuch as God this instant howre 

Dooth move my toong too speake, I will obey his heavenly powre. 

My God Apollos temple I will set you open, and 

Disclose the woondrous heavens themselves, and make you understand 1 60 

The Oracles and secrets of the Godly majestye. 

Greate things, and such as wit of man could never yit espye, 

And such as have beene hidden long, I purpose too descrye. 

I mynd too leave the earth, and up among the starres too stye, 

I mynd too leave this grosser place, and in the clowdes too flye, 

And on stowt Atlas shoulders strong too rest my self on hye, 

And looking downe from heaven- on men that wander heere and there 

In dreadfull feare of death as though they voyd of reason were, 

Too give them exhortation thus, and playnely too unwynd 

The whole discourse of destinie as nature hath assignd. 1 70 

men amaazd with dread of death, why feare yee Limbo Styx y 
And other names of vanitie, which are but Poets tricks ? 

And perrills of another world, all false surmysed geere ? 

For whither fyre or length of tyme consume the bodyes heere, 

Yee well may thinke that further harmes they cannot suffer more. 

For soules are free from death. Howbeet, they leaving evermore 

Theyr former dwellings, are receyvd and live ageine in new. 

For I myself (ryght well in mynd I beare it too be trew) 

Was in the tyme of Trojan warre Euphorbus, Panthewes sonne, 

Quyght through whoose hart the deathfull speare of Menelay did ronne. 180 

1 late ago in Junos Church at Argos did behold 

And knew the target which I in my left hand there did hold. 

All things doo chaunge. But nothing sure dooth perrish. This same spright "1 

Dooth fleete, and Asking heere and there dooth swiftly take his flyght > 

From one place too another place, and entreth every wyght, J 

Removing out of man too beast, and out of beast too man. 

But yit it never perrisheth nor never perrish can. 

And even as supple wax with ease receyveth fygures straunge, 

And keepes not ay one shape, ne bydes assured ay from chaunge, 

And yit continueth alwayes wax in substaunce : So I say 190 

The soule is ay the selfsame thing it was, and yit astray 

It fleeteth intoo sundry shapes. Therfore least Godlynesse 

Bee vanquisht by outragious lust of belly beastlynesse, 

Forbeare (I speake by prophesie) your kinsfolkes ghostes too chace 

By slaughter : neyther nourish blood with blood in any cace. 

And sith on open sea the wynds doo blow my sayles apace, 

In all the world there is not that that standeth at a stay. 

Things eb and flow, and every shape is made too passe away. 

The tyme itself continually is fleeting like a brooke. 

298 



1 



For neyther brooke nor lyghtsomme tyme can tarrye still. But looke 200 

As every wave dryves other foorth, and that that commes behynd 

Bothe thrusteth and is thrust itself: Even so the tymes by kynd 

Doo fly and follow bothe at once, and evermore renew. 

For that that was before is left, and streyght there dooth ensew 

Anoother that was never erst. Eche twincling of an eye 

Dooth chaunge. Wee see that after day commes nyght and darks the sky, 

And after nyght the lyghtsum Sunne succeedeth orderly. 

Like colour is not in the heaven when all things weery lye 

At midnyght sound a sleepe, as when the daystarre cleere and bryght "1 

Commes foorth uppon his milkwhyght steede. Ageine in other plyght I 210 

The morning Pallants daughter fayre the messenger of lyght 

Delivereth intoo Phebus handes the world of cleerer hew. 

The circle also of the sonne what tyme it ryseth new 

And when it setteth, looketh red, but when it mounts most hye, ~| 

Then lookes it whyght, bycause that there the nature of the skye I 

Is better, and from filthye drosse of earth dooth further flye. 

The image also of the Moone, that shyneth ay by nyght, 

Is never of one quantitie. For that that giveth lyght 

Too day, is better than the next that followeth, till the full. 

And then contrarywyse eche day her lyght away dooth pull. 220 

What ? seest thou not how that the yeere as representing playne 

The age of man, departes itself in quarters fowre ? first bayne 

And tender in the spring it is, even like a sucking babe. 

Then greene, and voyd of strength, and lush, and foggye is the blade, 

And cheeres the husbandman with hope. Then all things florish gay. 

The earth with flowres of sundry hew then seemeth for too play, 

And vertue small or none too herbes there dooth as yit belong. 

The yeere from springtyde passing foorth too sommer, wexeth strong, 

Becommeth lyke a lusty youth. For in our lyfe through out 

There is no tyme more plentifull, more lusty whote and stout. 230 

Then followeth Harvest when the heate of youth growes sumwhat cold, 

Rype, meeld, disposed meane betwixt a yoongman and an old, 

And sumwhat sprent with grayish heare. Then ugly winter last 

Like age steales on with trembling steppes, all bald, or overcast 

With shirle thinne heare as whyght as snowe. Our bodies also ay 

Doo alter still from tyme too tyme, and never stand at stay. > 

Wee shall not bee the same wee were too day or yisterday. J 

The day hath beene, wee were but seede and only hope of men, 

And in our moothers woomb wee had our dwelling place as then, 

Dame Nature put too conning hand and sufired not that wee 240 

Within our moothers streyned womb should ay distressed bee, > 

But brought us out too aire, and from our prison set us free. J 

The chyld newborne lyes voyd of strength. Within a season tho 

He wexing fowerfooted lernes like savage beastes too go. 

Then sumwhat foltring, and as yit not firme of foote, he standes 

By getting sumwhat for too helpe his sinewes in his handes. 

From that tyme growing strong and swift, he passeth foorth the space 

Of youth, and also wearing out his middle age a pace, > 

Through drooping ages steepye path he ronneth out his race. J 

This age dooth undermyne the strength of former yeeres, and throwes 250 

299 



It downe : which thing old Milo by example playnely showes. 

For when he sawe those armes of his (which heeretoofore had beene 

As strong as ever Hercules in woorking deadly teene 

Of biggest beastes) hang flapping downe, and nought but empty skin, 

He wept. And Helen when shee saw her aged wrincles in 

A glasse, wept also : musing in herself what men had seene, 

That by twoo noble princes sonnes shee twyce had ravisht beene. > 

Thou tyme, the eater up of things, and age of spyghtfull teene, J 

Destroy all things. And when that long continuance hath them bit, 

You leysurely by lingring death consume them every whit. 260 

And theis that wee call Elements doo never stand at stay. 

The enterchaunging course of them I will before yee lay. 

Give heede thertoo. This endlesse world conteynes therin I say 

Fowre substances of which all things are gendred. Of theis fower 

The Earth and Water for theyr masse and weyght are sunken lower. 

The other cowple Aire and Fyre the purer of the twayne 

Mount up, and nought can keepe them downe. And though there doo remayne 

A space betweene eche one of them : yit every thing is made 

Of themsame fowre, and intoo them at length ageine doo fade. 

The earth resolving leysurely dooth melt too water sheere, 270 

The water fyned turnes too aire. The aire eeke purged cleere 

From grossenesse, spyreth up aloft, and there becommeth fyre. 

From thence in order contrary they backe ageine retyre. 

Fyre thickening passeth intoo Aire, and AyCr wexing grosse 

Returnes to water : Water eeke congealing intoo drosse, 

Becommeth earth. No kind of thing keepes ay his shape and hew. 

For nature loving ever chaunge repayres one shape a new 

Uppon another, neyther dooth there perrish aught (trust mee) 

In all the world, but altring takes new shape. For that which wee V 

Doo terme by name of being borne, is for too gin too bee J 280 

Another thing than that it was : And likewise for too dye, 

Too cease too bee the thing it was. And though that varyably 

Things passe perchaunce from place too place : yit all from whence they came 

Returning, doo unperrisshed continew still the same. 

But as for in one shape, bee sure that nothing long can last. 

Even so the ages of the world from gold too Iron past ; 

Even so have places oftentymes exchaunged theyr estate. 

For I have seene it sea which was substanciall ground alate, 

Ageine where sea was, I have seene the same become dry lond, 

And shelles and scales of Seafish farre have lyen from any strond, 2 90 

And in the toppes of mountaynes hygh old Anchors have beene found. 

Deepe valleyes have by watershotte beene made of levell ground, 

And hilles by force of gulling oft have intoo sea beene worne. 

Hard gravell ground is sumtyme seene where marris was beforne, 

And that that erst did suffer drowght, becommeth standing lakes. 

Heere nature sendeth new springs out, and there the old in takes. 

Full many rivers in the world through earthquakes heretoofore 

Have eyther chaundgd theyr former course, or dryde and ronne no more. 

Soo Lycus beeing swallowed up by gaping of the ground, 

A greatway of fro thence is in another channell found. 30x2 

Even so the river Erasine among the feeldes of Arge 

300 



Sinkes onewhyle, and another whyle ronnes greate ageine at large. 

Caycus also of the land of Mysia (as men say) 

Misliking of his former head, ronnes now another way. 

In Skill also Amesene ronnes sumtyme full and hye, 

And sumtyme stopping up his spring, he makes his chanell drye. 

Men drank the waters of the brooke Anigrus heretoofore, 

Which now is such that men abhorre too towche them any more. 

Which commes too passe (onlesse wee will discredit Poets quyght) 

Bycause the Centaures vanquisshed by Hercules in fyght 310 

Did wash theyr woundes in that same brooke. But dooth not Hypanis 

That springeth in the Scythian hilles, which at his fountaine is 

Ryght pleasant, afterward becomme of brackish bitter taste ? 

Antissa, and Phenycian Tyre, and Pharos in tyme past 

Were compast all about with waves, but none of all theis three 

Is now an He. Ageine the towne of Lewcas once was free 

From sea, and in the auncient tyme was joyned too the land, 

But now environd round about with water it dooth stand. 

Men say that Skill also hath beene joynd too Italy, 

Untill the sea consumde the bounds beetweene, and did supply 320 

The roome with water. If yee go too seeke for Helicee 

And Burye, which were Cities oiAchaia, you shall see 

Them hidden under water, and the shipmen yit doo showe 

The walles and steeples of the townes drownd under as they rowe. 

Not farre from Pitthey Troyzen is a certeine hygh ground found 

All voyd of trees, which heeretoofore was playne and levell ground, 

But now a mountayne : for the wyndes (a woondrous thing too say) 

Inclosed in the hollow caves of ground, and seeking way 

Too passe therefro, in struggling long too get the open skye, "1 

In vayne (bycause in all the cave there was no vent wherby \ 330 

Too issue out) did stretch the ground and make it swell on hye, J 

As dooth a bladder that is blowen by mouth, or as the skinne 

Of horned Goate in bottlewyse when wynd is gotten in. 

The swelling of the foresayd place remaynes at this day still, 

And by continuance waxing hard is growen a pretye hill. \ 

Of many things that come to mynd by heersay, and by skill J 

Of good experience, I a fewe will utter too you mo. 

What ? dooth not water in his shapes chaunge straungely too and fro ? 

The well of horned Hammon is at noonetyde passing cold, 

At morne and even it wexeth warme. At midnyght none can hold 340 

His hand therin for passing heate. The well of Athamane 

Is sayd too kindle woode what tyme the moone is in the wane. 

The Cicons have a certeine streame which beeing droonk dooth bring 

Mennes bowwelles intoo Marble hard : and whatsoever thing 

Is towcht therwith, it turnes too stone. And by your bounds behold 

The rivers Crathe and Sybaris make yellow heare like gold 

And Amber. There are also springs (which thing is farre more straunge) 

Which not the bodye only, but the mynd doo also chaunge. 

Whoo hath not hard of Salmacis that fowle and filthye sink ? 

Or of the lake of Aethyop, which if a man doo drink 350 

He eyther ronneth mad, or else with woondrous drowzinesse 

Forgoeth quyght his memorie. Whoo ever dooth represse 

301 



His thirst with drawght of Clitor well, hates wyne, and dooth delyght 

In only water : eyther for bycause there is a myght 

Contrary untoo warming wyne by nature in the well, 

Or else bycause (for so the folk of Arcadye doo tell) 

Melampus Amythaons sonne (when he delivered had 

King Pratus daughters by his charmes and herbes from beeing mad), 

Cast intoo that same water all the baggage wherewithall 

He purdgd the madnesse of theyr mynds. And so it did befall 360 

That lothsomnesse of wyne did in those waters ay remayne. 

Ageine in Lyncest contrarie effect too this dooth reigne. 

For whoo so drinkes too much therof, he reeleth here and there, 

As if by quaffing wyne no whyt alayd he droonken were. 

There is a Lake in Arcadye which Pheney men did name "j 

In auncient tyme, whose dowtfulnesse deserveth jusdy blame. > 

A nyght tymes take thou heede of it, for if thou taste the same 

A nyghttymes, it will hurt, but if thou drink it in the day 

It hurteth not. Thus lakes and streames (as well perceyve yee may) 

Have divers powres and diversly. Even so the tyme hathe beene 370 

That Delos which stands stedfast now, on waves was rioting seene. 

And Galyes have beene sore afrayd of frusshing by the lies 

Symplegads which toogither dasht uppon the sea erewhyles, 

But now doo stand unmovable ageinst bothe wynde and tyde. 

Mount Aetna with his burning Oovens of brimstone shall not byde 

Ay fyrye : neyther was it so for ever erst. For whither 

The earth a living creature bee, and that too breathe out hither 

And thither flame, great store of vents it have in sundry places, 

And that it have the powre too shift those vents in divers caces, 

Now damming theis, now opening those, in moving too and fro; 380 

Or that the whisking wynds restreynd within the earth bylowe, 

Doo beate the stones ageinst the stones, and other kynd of stuffe 

Of fyrye nature, which doo fall on fyre with every puffe ; 

Assoone as those same wynds doo cease, the caves shall streight bee cold. 

Or if it bee a Rozen mowld that soone of fyre takes hold, 

Or brimstone mixt with clayish soyle on fyre dooth lyghdy fall : 

Undowtedly assoone as that same soyle consumed shall \ 

No longer yeeld the fatty foode too feede the fyre withall, J 

And ravening nature shall forgo her woonted nourishment, 

Then being able too abyde no longer famishment, 390 

For want of sustenance it shall cease his burning. I doo fynd 

By fame, that under Char/sis wayne in Pallene are a kynd 

Of people which by dyving thryce three tymes in Triton lake 

Becomme all fethred, and the shape of birdes uppon them take. 

The Scythian witches also are reported for too doo 

The selfsame thing (but hardly I give credit theruntoo) 

By smearing poyson over all theyr bodyes. But (and if 

A man too matters tryde by proof may saufly give beleef ), 

Wee see how flesh by lying still a whyle and ketching heate 

Dooth turne too little living beastes. And yit a further feate, 400 

Go kill an Ox and burye him, (the thing by proof man sees) 

And of his rotten flesh will breede the flower gathering Bees, 

Which as theyr father did before, love feeldes exceedingly, 

302 






And untoo woork in hope of gayne theyr busye limbes apply. 

The Hornet is engendred of a lustye buryed Steede. 

Go pull away the cleas from Crabbes that in the sea doo breede, 

And burye all the rest in mowld, and of the same will spring 

A Scorpion which with writhen tayle will threaten for too sting. 

The Caterpillers of the feelde the which are woont too weave 

Hore filmes uppon the leaves of trees, theyr former nature leave, 4 1 o 

(Which thing is knowen too husbandmen) and turne too Butterflyes. 

The mud hath in it certeine seede wherof greene frosshes ryse. 

And first it brings them footelesse foorth. Then after, it dooth frame 

Legges apt too swim : and furthermore of purpose that the same 

May serve them for too leape a farre, theyr hinder part is mych 

More longer than theyr forepart is. The Bearwhelp also which 

The Beare hath newly littred, is no whelp immediatly, "| 

But like an evill favored lump of flesh alyve dooth lye. [ > 

The dam by licking shapeth out his members orderly J 

Of such a syse, as such a peece is able too conceyve. 420 

Or marke yee not the Bees, of whom our hony wee receyve, 

How that theyr yoong ones which doo lye within the sixsquare wax 

Are limblesse bodyes at the first, and after as they wex 

In processe take both feete and wings. What man would think it trew 

That Ladye Venus simple birdes the Dooves of silver hew, 

Or Junos bird that in his tayle beares starres, or Joves stowt knyght 

The Earne, and every other fowle of whatsoever flyght, 

Could all bee hatched out of egges, onlesse he did it knowe ? 

Sum folk doo hold opinion when the backebone which dooth growe 

In man, is rotten in the grave, the pith becommes a snake. 430 

Howbeete of other things all theis theyr first beginning take. 

One bird there is that dooth renew itself and as it were 

Beget itself continually. The Syrians name it there 

A Phcenix. Neyther corne nor herbes this Phcenix liveth by, 

But by the jewce of frankincence and gum of Amomye. 

And when that of his lyfe well full fyvehundred yeeres are past, 

Uppon a Holmetree or uppon a Date tree at the last 

He makes him with his talants and his hardened bill a nest : 

Which when that he with Casia sweete and Nardus soft hathe drest, \ 

And strowed it with Cynnamom and Myrrha of the best, J 440 

He rucketh downe uppon the same, and in the spyces dyes. 

Soone after, of the fathers corce men say there dooth aryse 

Another little Phcenix which as many yeeres must live 

As did his father. He (assoone as age dooth strength him give 

Too beare the burthen) from the tree the weyghty nest dooth lift, 

And godlyly his cradle thence and fathers herce dooth shift. 

And flying through the suttle aire he gettes too Phebus towne, 

And there before the temple doore dooth lay his burthen downe. 

But if that any noveltye woorth woondring bee in theis, 

Much rather may we woonder at the Hy'e'n, if we please, 450 

Too see how interchaungeably it one whyle dooth remayne 

A female, and another whyle becommeth male againe. 

33 



} 



The creature also which dooth live by only aire and wynd, 

All colours that it leaneth to dooth counterfet by kynd. 

The Grapegod Bacchus, when he had subdewd the land of Inde, 

Did fynd a spotted beast called Lynx, whoose urine (by report) 

By towching of the open aire congealeth in such sort 

As that it dooth becomme a stone. So Corall (which as long 

As water hydes it, is a shrub and soft) becommeth strong 

And hard assoone as it dooth towch the ayre. The day would end, "I 460 

And Phebus panting steedes should in the Ocean deepe descend, \ 

Before all alterations I in woordes could comprehend. 

So see wee all things chaungeable. One nation gathereth strength, 

Another wexeth wealce, and both doo make exchaunge at length. 

So Troy which once was great and strong as well in welth as men, 

And able tenne yeeres space too spare such store of blood as then, 

Now beeing bace hath nothing left of all her welth too showe, 

Save ruines of the auncient woorkes which grasse dooth overgrowe, > 

And tumbes wherin theyr auncetours lye buryed on a rowe. J 

Once Sparta was a famous towne : great Mycene florisht trim : 470 

Bothe Athens and Amphions towres in honor once did swim. 

A pelting plot is Sparta now : great Mycene lyes on ground. 

Of Theab the towne of Oedipus what have we more than sound ? 

Of Athens king Pandions towne what resteth more than name ? 

Now also of the race of Troy is rysing (so sayth fame) 

The Citie Roome, which at the bank of Tyber that dooth ronne 

Downe from the hill of Appennyne already hath begonne 

With great advysement for too lay foundation of her state. 

This towne then chaungeth by increase the forme it had alate, 

And of the universall world in tyme to comme shall hold 480 

The sovereintye, so prophesies and lotts (men say) have told. 

And (as I doo remember mee) what tyme that Troy decayd, 

The prophet Helen Priams sonne theis woordes ensewing sayd 

Before Aen<eas dowting of his life in weeping plyght: 

O Goddesse sonne, beleeve mee (if thou think I have foresyght 

Of things too comme) Troy shalnot quyght decay whyle thou doost live. 

Bothe fyre and swoord shall untoo thee thy passage freely give. 

Thou must from hence : and Troy with thee convey away in haste, 

Untill that bothe thyself and Troy in forreine land bee plaast 

More freendly than thy native soyle. Moreover I foresee, 490 

A Citie by the ofspring of the Trojans buylt shall bee, 

So great as never in the world the lyke was seene before 

Nor is this present, neyther shall be seene for evermore. > 

A number of most noble peeres for manye yeeres afore J 

Shall make it strong and puyssant : But hee that shall it make 

The sovereine Ladye of the world, by ryght descent shall take 

His first beginning from thy sonne the little Iule. And when 

The earth hathe had her tyme of him, the sky and welkin then 

Shall have him up for evermore, and heaven shall bee his end. 

Thus farre (I well remember mee) did Helens woordes extend 500 

Too good Aen<eas. And it is a pleasure untoo mee 

The Citie of my countrymen increasing thus too see, 

And that the Grecians victorie becommes the Trojans weale. 

34 



But least forgetting quyght themselves our horses happe too steale 
Beyond the mark : the heaven and all that under heaven is found, 
Dooth alter shape. So dooth the ground and all that is in ground. 
And wee that of the world are part (considring how wee bee 
Not only flesh, but also fowles, which may with passage free 
Remove them intoo every kynd of beast both tame and wyld) 
Let live in saufty honestly with slaughter undefyld, 510 

The bodyes which perchaunce may have the spirits of our brothers, 
Our sisters, or our parents, or the spirits of sum others 
Alyed too us eyther by sum freendshippe or sum kin, 
Or at the least the soules of men abyding them within. 
And let us not Thyesteslyke thus furnish up our boordes 
With bloodye bowells. Oh how leawd example he avoordes ? 
How wickedly prepareth he himself too murther man 
That with a cruell knyfe dooth cut the throte of Calf, and can } 

Unmovably give heering too the lowing of the dam, J 

Or sticke the kid that wayleth lyke the little babe, or eate 520 

The fowle that he himself before had often fed with meate ? \- 

What wants of utter wickednesse in woorking such a feate ? J 

What may he after passe too doo ? well eyther let your steeres 
Weare out themselves with woork, or else impute theyr death too yeeres. 
Ageinst the wynd and weather cold let Wethers yeeld yee cotes, 
And udders full of batling milk receyve yee of the Goates. 
Away with sprindges, snares, and grinnes, away with Risp and net, 
Away with guylefull feates : for fowles no lymetwiggs see yee set. 
No feared fethers pitche yee up too keepe the Reddeere in, 
Ne with deceytfull bayted hooke seeke fishes for too win. 530 

If awght doo harme, destroy it, but destroyt and doo no more. 
Forbeare the flesh, and feede your mouthes with fitter foode therfore. 
Men say that Numa furnisshed with such philosophye 
As this and like, returned too his native soyle, and by > 

Entreatance was content of Roome too take the sovereintye. J 

Ryght happy in his wyfe which was a nymph, ryght happy in 
His guydes which were the Muses nyne, this Numa did begin 
Too teach Religion, by the meanes whereof hee shortly drew 
That people untoo peace whoo erst of nought but battell knew. 
And when through age he ended had his reigne and eeke his lyfe, 540 

Through Latium he was moorned for of man and chyld and wyfe 
As well of hygh as low degree. His wyfe forsaking quyght 
The Citie, in vale Aricine did hyde her out of syght, 
Among the thickest groves, and there with syghes and playnts did let ~| 
The sacrifyse of Diane whom Orestes erst had fet > 

From Taurica in Chersonese, and in that place had set. J 

How oft ah did the woodnymphes and the waternymphes perswade 
Egeria for too cease her mone? What meanes of comfort made 
They? Ah how often Theseus sonne her weeping thus bespake? 

O Nymph, thy moorning moderate, thy sorrow sumwhat slake : 550 

Not only thou hast cause too hart thy fortune for too take. 
Behold like happes of other folkes, and this mischaunce of thyne 
Shall greeve thee lesse. Would God examples (so they were not myne) 
Myght comfort thee. But myne perchaunce may comfort thee. If thou 

2 r 35 



In talk by hap haste heard of one Hippolytus ere now, 

That through his fathers lyght beleefe, and stepdames craft was slayne, 

It will a woonder seeme too thee, and I shall have much paync 

Too make thee too beleeve the thing. But I am very hee. 

The daughter of Pasyphae in vayne oft tempting mee 

My fathers chamber too defyle, surmysde mee too have sought 560 

The thing that shee with al her hart would fayne I should have wrought. 

And whither it were for feare I should her wickednesse bewray, 

Or else for spyght bycause I had so often sayd her nay, 

Shee chardgd mee with her owne offence. My father by and by 

Condemning mee, did banish mee his Realme without cause whye, 

And at my going like a fo did ban me bitterly. 

Too Pitthey Troyzett outlawelike my chariot streight tooke I. 

My way lay hard uppon the shore of Corinth. Soodeinly 

The sea did ryse, and like a mount the wave did swell on hye, 

And seemed howger for too growe in drawing ever nye, 570 

And roring clyved in the toppe. Up starts immediatly 

A horned bullocke from amid the broken wave, and by 

The brest did rayse him in the ayre. And at his nosethrills and 

His platter mouth did puffe out part of sea uppon the land. 

My servants harts were sore afrayd. But my hart musing ay 

Uppon my wrongfull banishment, did nought at all dismay. 

My horses setting up theyr eares and snorting wexed shye, 

And beeing greatly flayghted with the monster in theyr eye, 

Turnd downe too sea, and on the rockes my wagon drew. In vayne 

I stryving for too hold them backe, layd hand uppon the reyne 580 

All whyght with fome, and haling backe lay almost bolt upryght. 

And sure the feercenesse of the steedes had yeelded too my might, 

But that the wheele that ronneth ay about the Extree round, 

Pid breake by dashing on a stub, and overthrew too ground. 

Then from the Charyot I was snatcht, the brydles beeing cast 

About my limbes. Yee myght have seene my sinewes sticking fast 

Uppon the stub ; my gutts drawen out alyve ; my members, part 

Still left uppon the stump, and part foorth harryed with the cart : 

The crasshing of my broken bones ; and with what passing peyne 

I breathed out my weery ghoste. There did not whole remayne 590 

One peece of all my corce by which yee myght discerne as tho 

What lump or part it was. For all was wound from toppe too to. 

Now canst thou nymph, or darest thou compare thy harmes with myne ? 

Moreover I the lightlesse Realme behild with theis same eyne, 

And bathde my tattred bodye in the river Phlegeton. 

And had not bright Apollos sonne his cunning shewde uppon > 

My bodye by his surgery, my lyfe had quyght bee gone. J 

Which after I by force of herbes and leechecraft had ageine 

Receyvd by Aesculapius meanes, though Pluto did disdeine, 

Then Cynthia (least this gift of hers myght woorke mee greater spyght) 600 

Thicke clowds did round about mee cast. And too thentent I myght 

Bee saufe myself, and harmelessely appeere too others syght, 

Shee made mee old. And for my face, shee left it in such plyght, 

That none can knowe mee by my looke. And long shee dowted whither 

Too give mee Dele or Crete. At length refusing bothe toogither, 

306 



Shee plaast mee heere. And therwithall shee bade me give up quyght 

The name that of my horses in remembrance put mee myght. 

For whereas erst * Hippolytus hath beene thy name (quoth shee) * Hone tlaine. 

I will that * Virbie afterward thy name for ever bee. * Twyceman. 

From that tyme foorth within this wood I keepe my residence, 

As of the meaner Goddes, a God of small magnificence. 

And heere I hyde mee underneathe my sovereine Ladyes wing, 612 

Obeying humbly too her hest in every kynd of thing. 

But yit the harmes of other folk could nothing help nor boote 

Aegerias sorrowes too asswage. Downe at a mountaines foote 
Shee lying melted intoo teares, till Phebus sister sheene 
For pitie of her great distresse in which shee had her seene, 
Did turne her too a fountaine cleere, and melted quyght away 
Her members intoo water thinne that never should decay. 

The straungenesse of the thing did make the nymphes astonyed, and 620 

The Ladye of Amazons sonne amaazd therat did stand, 
As when the Tyrrhene Tilman sawe in earing of his land 
The fatall clod first stirre alone without the help of hand, 
And by and by forgoing quyght the earthly shape of clod, 
Too take the seemely shape of man, and shortly like a God 
Too tell of things as then too comme. The Tyrrhenes did him call "| 
By name of Tages. He did teach the Tuskanes first of all > 

Too gesse by searching bulks of beastes what after should befall. J 
Or like as did king Romulus when soodeinly he found 

His lawnce on mountayne Palatine fast rooted in the ground, 630 

And bearing leaves, no longer now a weapon but a tree, 
Which shadowed such as woondringly came thither for too see : 
Or else as Cippus when he in the ronning brooke had seene 
His homes. For why he saw them, and supposing there had beene 
No credit too bee given untoo the glauncing image, hee 
Put oft his fingers too his head, and felt it so too bee. 
And blaming now no more his eyes, in comming from the chase 
With conquest of his foes, he stayd. And lifting up his face 
And with his face, his homes to heaven, he sayd : what ever thing 
Is by this woonder meant O Goddes, If joyfull newes it bring 640 

I pray yee let it joyfull too my folk and countrye bee : 
But if it threaten evill, let the evill light on mee. 
In saying so, an altar greene of clowwers he did frame, 
And offred fuming frankincence in fyre uppon the same, 
And powred boawles of wyne theron, and searched therwithall 
The quivering inwards of a sheepe too know what should befall. 
A Tyrrhene wizard having sought the bowelles, saw therin 
Great chaunges and attempts of things then readye too begin, 
Which were not playnly manifest. But when that he at last 
His eyes from inwards of the beast on Cippus homes had cast : 650 

Hayle king (he sayd). For untoo thee O Cippus, untoo thee, 
And too thy homes shall this same place and Roome obedyent bee. 
Abridge delay : and make thou haste too enter at the gates 
Which tarrye open for thee. So commaund the soothfast fates. 
Thou shalt bee king assoone as thou hast entred once the townc, 
And thou and thyne for evermore shalt weare the royall crowne. 

37 



With that he stepping back his foote, did turne his frowning face 

From Roomevtardy saying : Farre, O farre the Goddes such handsel chace. 

More ryght it were I all my lyfe a bannisht man should bee, 

Than that the holy Capitoll mee reigning there should see. 660 

Thus much he sayd : and by and by toogither he did call "] 

The people and the Senators. But yit he first of all I 

Did hyde his homes with Lawrell leaves : and then, without the wall 

He standing on a mount the which his men had made of soddes, 

And having after auncient guyse made prayer too the Goddes, 

Sayd : heere is one that shall (onlesse yee bannish him your towne 

Immediatly) bee king of Roome and weare a royall crowne. 

What man it is, I will by signe, but not by name bewray. 

He hath uppon his brow twoo homes. The wizard heere dooth say, 

That if he enter Roome, you shall lyke servants him obey. 670 

He myght have entred at your gates which open for him lay, 

But I did stay him thence. And yit there is not untoo mee 

A neerer freend in all the world. Howbeet forbid him yee 

O Romanes that he comme not once within your walks. Or if 

He have deserved, bynd him fast in fetters like a theef. 

Or in this fatall Tyrants death, of feare dispatch your mynd. 

Such noyse as Pynetrees make what tyme the heady easterne wynde 

Dooth whiz amongst them, or as from the sea dooth farre rebound : 

Even such among the folk of Roome that present was the sound. 

Howbeet in that confused roare of fearefull folk, did fall 680 

But one voyce asking : whoo is hee ? And staring therewithall 

Uppon theyr foreheads, they did seeke the foresayd homes. Agen 

(Quoth Cippus) : lo, yee have the man for whom yee seeke. And then 

He pulld (ageinst his peoples will) his garlond from his head, 

And shewed them the twoo fayre homes that on his browes were spred. 

At that the people dassheth downe theyr lookes and syghing, is 

Ryght sorye (whoo would think it trew ?) too see that head of his 

Most famous for his good deserts. Yit did they not forget 

The honour of his personage, but willingly did set 

The Lawrell garlond on his head ageine. And by and by 690 

The Senate sayd, Well Cippus, sith untill the tyme thou dye 

Thou mayst not comme within theis walles, wee give thee as much ground 

In honour of thee, as a teeme of steeres can plough thee round, 

Betweene the dawning of the day, and shetting in of nyght. 

Moreover on the brazen gate at which this Cippus myght 

Have entred Roome, a payre of homes were gravde too represent 

His woondrous shape, as of his deede an endlesse monument. 

Yee Muses, whoo too Poets are the present springs of grace, 
Now shewe (for you knowe, neyther are you dulld by tyme or space) 
How Aesculapius in the He that is in Tyber deepe 700 

Among the sacred sayncts of Roome had fortune for too creepe. 
A cruell plage did heertoofore infect the Latian aire, 
And peoples bodyes pyning pale the murreine did appayre. 
When tyred with the buriall of theyr freends, they did perceyve 
Themselves no helpe at mannes hand nor by Phisicke too receyve. 
Then seeking help from heaven, they sent too Delphos (which dooth stand 
Amid the world) for counsell too bee had at Phebus hand, 

308 



Beseeching him with helthfull ayd too succour theyr distresse, 

And of the myghtye Citie Roome the mischeef too redresse. 

The quivers which Apollo bryght himself was woont too beare, 710 

The Baytrees, and the place itself toogither shaken were. 

And by and by the table from the furthest part of all 

The Chauncell spake theis woords, which did theyr harts with feare appal. 

The thing yee Romans seeke for heere, yee should have sought more ny 

Your countrye. Yea and neerer home go seeke it now. Not I 

Apollo, but Apollos sonne is hee that must redresse 

Your sorrowes. Take your journey with good handsell of successe, 

And fetch my sonne among you. When Apollos hest was told 

Among the prudent Senators, they sercht what towne did hold 

His sonne, and untoo Epidawre a Gallye for him sent. 720 

Assoone as that th'Ambassadour arryved there they went 

Untoo the counsell and the Lordes of Greekland : whom they pray 1 

Too have the God the present plages of Romanes for too stay, \ 

And for themselves the oracle of Phebus foorth they lay. 

The Counsell were of sundry mynds and could not well agree. 

Sum thought that succour in such neede denyed should not bee, 

And divers did perswade too keepe theyr helpe, and not too send 

Theyr Goddes away sith they themselves myght neede them in the end. 

Whyle dowtfully they of and on debate this curious cace, 

The evening twylyght utterly the day away did chace, 730 

And on the world the shadowe of the earth had darknesse brought. 

That nyght the Lord Ambassadour as sleepe uppon him wrought, > 

Did dreame he saw before him stand the God whose help he sought, 

In shape as in his chappell he was woonted for too stand, 

With ryght hand stroking downe his berd, and staffe in toother hand, 

And meekely saying : feare not, I will comme and leave my shryne. 

This serpent which dooth wreath with knottes about this staffe of mine 

Mark well, and take good heede therof : that when thou shalt it see, 

Thou mayst it knowe. For intoo it transformed will I bee. 

But bigger I will bee : for I will seeme of such a syse, 740 

As may celestiall bodyes well too turne intoo suffise. 

Streyght with the voyce, the God : and with the voyce and God, away 

Went sleepe : and after sleepe was gone ensewed cheerfull day. 

Next morning having cleerely put the fyrye starres too flyght, 

The Lordes not knowing what too doo, assembled all foorthryght 

Within the sumptuous temple of the God that was requyred, 

And of his mynd by heavenly signe sum knowledge they desyred. 

They scarce had doone theyr prayers, when the God in shape of snake "1 

With loftye crest of gold, began a hissing for too make, V 

Which was a warning given. And with his presence he did shake J 750 

The Altar, shryne, doores, marble floore, and roofe all layd with gold, 

Aud vauncing up his brest he stayd ryght stately too behold > 

Amid the Church, and round about his fyrye eyes he rold. J 

The syght did fray the people. But the wyvelesse preest (whoose heare 

Was trussed in a fayre whyght Call) did knowe the God was there, 

And sayd : behold tiz God, tiz God. As many as bee heere 

Pray both with mouth and mynd. O thou our glorious God, appeere 

Too our beehoofe, and helpe thy folke that keepe thy hallowes ryght. 

39 



The people present woorshipped his Godhead there in syght, 

Repeating dowble that the preest did say. The Romaynes eeke 760 

Devoutly did with Godly voyce and hart his favour seeke. 

The God by nodding did consent, and gave assured signe 

By shaking of his golden crest that on his head did shyne, 

And hissed twyce with spirting toong. Then trayld he downe the fyne 

And glistring greeces of his church. And turning backe his eyen, 

He looked too his altarward and too his former shryne 

And temple, as too take his leave and bid them all fare well. 

From thence ryght howge uppon the ground (which sweete of flowres did smell 

That people strewed in his way), he passed stately downe, 

And bending intoo bowghts went through the hart of all the towne, 770 

Untill that hee the bowwing wharf besyde the haven tooke. 

Where staying, when he had (as seemd) dismist with gentle looke 

His trayne of Chapleynes and the folke that wayted on him thither, 

Hee layd him in the Romane shippe too sayle away toogither. 

The shippe did feel the burthen of his Godhed too the full, 

And for the heavye weyght of him did after passe more dull. 

The Romanes being glad of him, and having killd a steere 

Uppon the shore, untyde theyr ropes and cables from the peere. 

The lyghtsum wynd did dryve the shippe. The God avauncing hye, 
And leaning with his necke uppon the Gallyes syde, did lye 780 

And looke uppon the greenish waves, and cutting easly through 
TWTonian sea with little gales of westerne wynd not rough, 
The sixt day morning came uppon the coast of Italy. 
And passing foorth by Junos Church that mustreth too the eye 
Uppon the head of Lacine, he was caryed also by 
The rocke of Scylley: then he left the land of Calabrye 
And rowing softly by the rocke Zephyrion, he did draw 
Too Celen cliffs the which uppon the ryghtsyde have a flawe. 
By Romeche and by Caw/on, and by Narice thence he past, 

And from the streyghtes of Sicily gate quyght and cleere at last. 790 

Then ran he by tWAeSlian lies and by the metall myne 
Of Tempsa, and by Lewcosye, and temprate Pest where fyne 
And pleasant Roses florish ay. From thence by Capreas 
And Atheney the headlond of Minerva he did passe 
Too Surrent, where with gentle vynes the hilles bee overclad : 
And by the towne of Hercules and Stabye ill bestad, 
And Naples borne too Idlenesse, and Cumes where Sybell had 
Hir temples, and the scalding bathes, and Linteme where growes store 
Of masticke trees, and Vulturne which beares sand apace from shore, 
And Sinuesse where as Adders are as whyght as any snowe, 800 

And Minturne of infected ayre bycause it stands so lowe, 
And Caiete where Aeneas did his nurce in tumbe bestowe, 
And Formy where Antiphates the Lestrigon did keepe, 
And Trache envyrond with a fen, and Circes mountayne steepe, 
Too Ancon with the boystous shore. Assoone as that the shippe 
Arryved heere, (for now the sea was rough,) the God let slippe 
His circles, and in bending bowghts and wallowing waves did glyde 
Intoo his fathers temple which was buylded there besyde 
Uppon the shore : and when the sea was calme and pacifyde, 

310 



} 
1 



The foresayd god of Epidawre his fathers Church forsooke, 8 10 

(The lodging of his neerest freend which for a tyme hee tooke) 
And with his crackling scales did in the sand a furrowe cut, 
And taking hold uppon the sterne did in the Galy put 
His head, and rested till he came past Camp and Lavine sands, 
And entred Tybers mouth at which the Citie Ostia stands. 
The folke of Roome came hither all by heapes bothe men and wyves, 
And eeke the Nunnes that keepe the fyre of Vesta as theyr lyves, 
Too meete the God, and welcomd him with joy full noyse. And as 
The Gaily rowed up the streame, great store of incence was 
On altars burnt on bothe the banks, so that on eyther syde "1 820 

The fuming of the frankincence the very aire did hyde, > 

And also slaine in sacrifyse full many cattell dyde. 
Anon he came too Roome the head of all the world : and there 
The serpent lifting up himself, began his head too beare 
Ryght up along the maast, uppon the toppe whereof on hye 
He looked round about, a meete abyding place too spye. 
The Tyber dooth devyde itself in twaine, and dooth embrace "] 

A litde pretye Hand (so the people terme the place) \ 

From eyther syde whereof the bankes are distant equall space. 
Apollos Snake descending from the maast conveyd him thither, 830 

And taking eft his heavenly shape, as one repayring hither 
Too bring our Citie healthfulnesse, did end our sorrowes quyght. 
Although too bee a God with us admitted were this wyght, 
Yit was he borne a forreiner. But Casar hathe obteynd 
His Godhead in his native soyle and Citie where he reignd : 
Whom peerelesse both in peace and warre, not more his warres up knit 
With triumph, nor his great exployts atcheeved by his wit, 
Nor yit the great renowme that he obteynd so speedely, 
Have turned too a blazing starre, than did his progenie. 

For of the actes of Gesar, none is greater than that hee 840 

Left such a sonne behynd him as Augustus is, too bee 
His heyre. For are they things more hard, too overcomme thy Realme 
Of Britaine, standing in the sea? or up the sevenfold streame 
Of Nyle that beareth Paperreede victorious shippes too rowe ? 
Or too rebelliouse Numidy too give an overthrowe ? 
Or Juba king of Moores, and Pons (which proudely did it beare 
Uppon the name of Mythridate) too force by swoord and speare 
Too yeeld them subjects untoo Roome? or by his just desert 
Too merit many triumphes, and of sum too have his part? 
Than such an heyre too leave beehynd, in whom the Goddes doo showe 850 
Exceeding favour untoo men for that they doo bestowe 
So great a prince uppon the world ? Now too thentent that hee 1 
Should not bee borne of mortall seede, the oother was too bee > 
Canonyzed for a God. Which thing when golden Venus see, J 
(Shee also sawe how dreadfull death was for the bisshop then 
Prepaard, and how conspiracye was wrought by wicked men) 
Shee looked pale. And as the Goddes came any in her way, 
Shee sayd untoo them one by one : Behold and see I pray, 
With how exceeding eagernesse they seeke mee too betray, 
And with what woondrous craft they stryve too take my lyfe away, 860 

3" 



I meene the thing that only now remayneth untoo mee 

Of Iule the Trojans race. Must I then only ever bee 

Thus vext with undeserved cares ? How seemeth now the payne 

Of Diomeds speare of Calydon too wound my hand ageyne? 

How seemes it mee that Troy ageine is lost through ill defence ? 

How seemes my sonne Aenaas like a bannisht man, from thence 

Too wander farre ageine, and on the sea too tossed bee, 

And warre with Turnus for too make ? or rather (truth too say) 

With Juno ? what meene I about harmes passed many a day 

Ageinst myne ofspring, thus too stand ? This present feare and wo 870 

Permit mee not too think on things now past so long ago. 

Yee see how wicked swoordes ageinst my head are whetted. I 

Beseeche yee keepe them from my throte, and set the traytors by 

Theyr purpose, neyther suffer you dame Vestaas fyre too dye 

By murthering of her bisshop. Thus went Venus wofully 

Complayning over all the heaven, and moovde the Goddes therby, 

And for they could not breake the strong decrees of destinye, 

They shewed signes most manifest of sorrowe too ensew. 

For battells feyghting in the clowdes with crasshing armour flew, 

And dreadfull trumpets sownded in the aire, and homes eeke blew, 880 

As warning men before hand of the mischeef that did brew. 

And Phebus also looking dim did cast a drowzy lyght 1 

Uppon the earth, which seemd lykewyse too bee in sorye plyght. \ 

From underneathe amid the starres brands oft seemd burning bryght. J 

It often rayned droppes of blood. The morning starre lookt blew, 

And was bespotted heere and there with specks of rusty hew. 

The moone had also spottes of blood. The Screeche owle sent from hell ] 

Did with her tune unfortunate in every corner yell. > 

Salt teares from Ivory images in sundry places fell, J 

And in the Chappells of the Goddes was singing heard, and woordes 890 

Of threatning. Not a sacrifyse one signe of good avoordes. 

But greate turmoyle too bee at hand theyr hartstrings doo declare. 

And when the beast is ripped up the inwards headlesse are. 

About the Court, and every house, and Churches in the nyghts 

The doggs did howle, and every where appeered gastly spryghts : 

And with an earthquake shaken was the towne. Yit could not all 

Theis warnings of the Goddes dispoynt the treason that should fall, 

Nor overcomme the destinies. The naked swoordes were brought 

Intoo the temple. For no place in all the towne was thought 

So meete too woork the mischeef in, or for them too commit 900 

The heynous murder, as the Court in which they usde too sit y 

In counsell. Venus then with both her hands her stomacke smit, J 

And was about too hyde him with the clowd in which shee hid 

Aenaas, when shee from the swoord of Diomed did him rid, 

Or Paris, when from Menelay shee did him saufe convey. 

But Jove her father staying her did thus untoo hir say : 

Why daughter myne, wilt thou alone bee stryving too prevent 

Unvanquishable destinie? In fayth and if thou went 

Thyself intoo the house in which the fatall susters three 

Doo dwell, thou shouldest there of brasse and Steele substantiall see > 910 

The registers of things so strong and massye made too bee, J 

312 



That sauf and everlasting, they doo neyther stand in feare 

Of thunder, nor of lyghtning, nor of any ruine there. 

The destnyes of thyne ofspring thou shalt there fynd graven deepe 

In Adamant. I red them, and in mynd I doo them keepe. 

And forbycause thou shalt not be quyght ignorant of all, 

I will declare what things I marlct herafter too befall. 

The man for whom thou makest sute, hath lived full his tyme, 

And having ronne his race on earth, must now too heaven up clyme. 

Where thou shalt make a God of him ay honord for too bee 920 

With temples and with Altars on the earth. Moreover hee 

That is his heyre and beares his name, shall allalone susteyne 

The burthen layd uppon his backe, and shall our help obteyne 

His fathers murther too revenge. The towne of Mutinye 

Beseedged by his powre, shall yeeld. The feelds of Pharsaly 

Shall feele him, and Philippos in the Realme of Macedonne 

Shall once ageine bee staynd with blood. The greate Pompeius sonne 

Shall vanquisht be by him uppon the sea of Sictlye. 

The Romane Capteynes wyfe the Queene of Aegypt through her hye 

Presumption trusting too her match too much, shall threate in vayne 930 

Too make her Canop over our hygh Capitoll too reigne. 

What should I tell thee of the wyld and barbrous nacions that 

At bothe the Oceans dwelling bee ? The universall plat 

Of all the earth inhabited, shall all be his. The sea 

Shall untoo him obedient bee likewyse. And when that he 

Hathe stablisht peace in all the world, then shall he set his mynd 

Too civill matters, upryght lawes by justice for too fynd, 

And by example of himself all others he shall bynd. 

Then having care of tyme too comme, and of posteritye, 

A holy wyfe shall beare too him a sonne that may supply 940 

His carefull charge and beare his name. And lastly in the end 

He shall too heaven among the starres his auncetors ascend, > 

But not before his lyfe by length too drooping age doo tend. J 

And therfore from the murthred corce of Julius C<esar take 

His sowle with speede, and of the same a burning cressed make, 

That from our heavenly pallace he may evermore looke downe 

Uppon our royall Capitoll and Court within Roome towne. 

He scarcely ended had theis woordes, but Venus out of hand 

Amid the Senate house of Roome invisible did stand, 
And from her C*sars bodye tooke his new expulsed spryght, 950 

The which shee not permitting too resolve too ayer quyght, 
Did place it in the skye among the starres that glister bryght, 
And as shee bare it, she did feele it gather heavenly myght, 
And for too wexen fyrye. Shee no sooner let it flye, 
But that a goodly shyning starre it up a loft did stye 
And drew a greate way after it bryght beames like burning heare : 
Whoo looking on his sonnes good deedes confessed that they were 
Farre greater than his owne, and glad he was too see that hee 
Excelled him. Although his sonne in no wyse would agree 
Too have his deedes preferd before his fathers : yit dooth fame, 960 

(Whoo ay is free, and bound too no commaund) withstand the same, 
And stryving in that one behalf ageinst his hest and will, 



2 s 



313 



Proceedeth too preferre his deedes before his fathers still. 

Even so too Agamemnons great renowne gives Atreus place : 

Even so Achilles deedes, the deedes of Peleus doo abace. 

Even so beyond Aegaus farre dooth Theseyes prowesse go. 

And (that I may examples use full matching theis) even so 

Is Saturne lesse in fame than Jove. Jove rules the heavenly spheres, 

And all the tryple shaped world. And our Augustus beares 

Dominion over all the earth. They bothe are fathers : They 970 

Are rulers both. Yee Goddes too whom both fyre and swoord gave way, 

What tyme yee with Aenaas came from Troy: yee Goddes that were 

Of mortall men canonyzed : Thou Quirin who didst reere 

The walles of Roome : and Mars whoo wart the valeant Quirins syre, 

And Vesta of the household Goddes of Casar with thy fyre 

Most holy : and thou Phebus whoo with Vesta also art 

Of household : and thou Jupiter whoo in the hyghest part 

Of mountayne Tarpey haste thy Church : and all yee Goddes that may 

"With conscience sauf by Poets bee appealed too : I pray, 

Let that same day bee slowe too comme and after I am dead, 980 

In which Augusts (whoo as now of all the world is head) 

Quyght giving up the care therof ascend too heaven for ay, 

There (absent hence) to favour such as untoo him shall pray. 

Now have I brought a woork too end which neither Joves feerce wrath, 
Nor swoord, nor fyre, nor freating age with all the force it hath 

Are able too abolish quyght. Let comme that fatall howre 

Which (saving of this brittle flesh) hath over mee no powre, 

And at his pleasure make an end of myne uncerteyne tyme. 

Yit shall the better part of mee assured bee too clyme 

Aloft above the starry skye. And all the world shall never 990 

Be able for too quench my name. For looke how farre so ever 

The Romane Empyre by the ryght of conquest shall extend, 

So farre shall all folke reade this woork. And tyme without all end 

(If Poets as by prophesie about the truth may ame) 

My lyfe shall everlastingly bee lengthened still by fame. 



Finis Libri decimi quinti. 



LAUS &? HONOR SOLI DEO. 



IMPRINTED AT LONDON BY WILLYAM SERES 

DWELLING AT THE WEST END OF PAULES 

CHURCH, AT THE SIGNE OF 

THE HEDGEHOGGE. 

3H 



TEXTUAL NOTES 



ABBREVIATIONS. 

IV. B. " Fower Books," etc. 
Ed. i. = The Edition of 1567. 
Ed. ii. = The Edition of 1575. 



1565. 



It is understood that 'Fower Books' agrees generally with Edition i. Only 
the chief variants of this are noted specially. Differences of spelling are not noted. 

All misprints of Ed. i. are given, and are generally corrected from Ed. ii. 
In the following instances only, when all copies agree in an error, it has been 
corrected by conjecture: II., 406, a inserted; IV., 644, beares for heares; VII., 
848, my for wy; IX., 579, bee for mee; X., 67, soft for oft; XIV., 332, Eurilochus 
for Furilochus. 



86 


Ed. 


229 





235 





284 


n 


3U 


H 


33 1 


n 


574 





579 






THE EPISTLE. 

Ed.ii. inserts eeke tf/#rColcariers 
omits him. 

reads those for such. 
omits should. 
reads yet did not well for 

yet did they not. 
reads doo for it. 
reads should for do. 
reads Farre woorse him 

teare for Doo teare him 

woorse. 
582 Ed. i. Alcimous, a misprint. 

PREFACE. 

i. lust, a misprint. 
Ed. ii. they doo. 
All three copies Fraylie. 
Ed. ii. that which 

theys. 
IV. B. Lykewise for Even so. 
[Read have: Ed. i. hane for 

haue, a misprint. .] 
Ed. i. snch (a misprint), Ed. ii. 
those. 
175-8 in IV. B. runs thus: 
I purpose nowe (if God permit) as here I have 

beegonne 
So through al Ovids turned shapes with restlesse 

race too ronne, 
Untill such time as bringing him acquainted 

with our toong 
He may a lyke in English verse as in his owne 
bee soong. 

1 97-8 omitted in IV. B. 



61 Ed. 

92 
108 
122 
130 

136 
158 

171 



BOOK I. 

Ed. ii. fortoo treate. 
which for whome. 
theisyor this. 
as oft as they for when 

that they doe. 
Charlsis for Charles his. 
under for unto. 
frutefull/or fertile. 
[Read thing with Ed. ii. ; Ed. i. 

things, a misprint.~\ 
Ed. ii. springtyme Jove abridgd 
for. Ed. i., IV. B., did 
Jove abridge. 
Harvest for Autumne. 
Ed. ii. high did growe for had 
ygrowe. 
167-8 Ed. ii. : 

With grisly poyson stcpdames fell their husbands 

Sonnes assay le, 
The Son inquyres aforehand when his fathers 

lyfe shall fayle 

177 IV. B. of for on. 

Ed.ii. spright for spight. 

Too which for Whereto. 

Leastes for Least. 

with for and. 

whither he were purposed 

for whother that he were 

in minde. 
And furthermore he cald 

too mynd. 



1 

37 

59 
68 

74 

75 

"5 
116 

l 33 



i34 
150 



183 
192 

219 

223 

293 



302 



3i5 



BOOK I. continued. 

310 Ed. ii. He full determined. 

316 on bothe his/or that on his. 

323 down to for to the. 

334 the water for his waters. 

39 ! g blow for too blow. 

433 fortoo crave for to de- 

maund. 

43 5 sadly too C.for to C. sadly. 

478 wexyrwarre; IV.B. wax. 

489 

And thus by Godi almyghtie powre, before long 
tyme was past. 

503 Ed. ii. So lykewise when the 
sevenmouthd for Even 
so when that seven 
mouthed. 

510 their eyes for the eyes. 

514 streyght/or doe. 

52 1 All three copies culmenesse. 

522 Ed. ii. supply for applie. 
529 poysond. 

553 I list for we list. 
557 some for sonne. 

564 IV. B. too for up. 

565 Ed.ii. he did for did he. 

566 powres^or worlces. 
570 overrawght/or overraft. 

600 he did for did he. 

601 IV.B. quod fors, i-e. quoth. 
606 Ed. ii. hee thought for him 

thought. 
609 which Phebus for the 

which he. 
622 IV.B. Cloyne. 
628 Claros. 
633 Ed. i. sured, a misprint. 
649 Grownde. 
671 Ed. i. scarse; Ed. ii. scarsly; 
IV. B. skarsly ; which 
shows scarse to be a mis- 
print. 
685 Ed. i. and Ed. ii. lookes; IV. B. 
lokes. 
This should be restored to the 
text, as it appears to be a 
variant spelling for lockes 
elsewhere in this work (e.g., 
ii. 798). 



728 
814 
816 
86l 

888 



Ed.ii. roming for running. 
thou canst for can thou. 
greefes for griefe. 



untoo for to the. 
Ed. i. and Ed. ii. Cyllemus, a 

misprint. 
909 Ed. i. though, a misprint. 
925 Ed. ii. so for eke. 
934 were for was. 
955 shame brydled then for 

did shame represse. 
959 am for was. 
962 begotten for exacted, 

which appears to be a 

misprint for extracted, 

IV.B. 
970 inserts that after whither. 
972 that charged hir for layde 

to hir charge. 
984 And for He. 
IV. B. adds imprint: 

Imprinted at London by Wyllyam Seres 
dwelling at the west ende of Paules 
churche, at the signe of the hedge- 
hoggc. Cumprivikgio adimprim endum 
solum. 

BOOK II. 

35 Ed.ii. Harvest for Autumne. 

8 8 Ed. i. omits as before yse. 
187 I thus for that I. 

222 Ed.ii. Charlziz for Charles his. 
258 first for that. 

273 IV. B. Whole for Whose, prob- 
ably the true reading. 

278 Ed.ii. The for And. 
292 the for a. 

300-1 

(By reason that their blud was drawne foorth too 

the owter part 
And there bescorched) did becomme ay after 

blacke and swart. 
320 Ed. i. Sperchins, a misprint. 
324 Ed.ii. brookesyor brakes. 
362 give for gave. 
372 the Skie/or thy Skie. 
386 Ed. i. Stygnan, a misprint. 



316 



BOOK II. continued. 

406 Q. Like to a Starre: all three 

editions omit a. 
409 Ed. ii. quench for quencht. 
426 intumbed ; IV. B., Ed. i. 

entumbled. 
459 Ed.ii. Stenelles; Ed. i. Steuels, 
a misprint for Stenels 
(so IV. B.). 
508 But for Yet. 
531 sayd for says. 

IV. B., Ed. ii. didst. 
626 Jove for God. 
642 IV. B., Ed. ii. thou for that. 
653 Ed. i. omits other by mistake (IV. 

B. his tother). 
748 Ed. ii. flyeth for fleeteth. 
753 the /or his. 
757 all /or as. 
878 And intoo touchstone by 

and by 
942 false for that, probably the 

true reading. 
944 he wexed for she waxed. 
957 Javeling for Javelin. 
972 other for others. 
1072 IV. B. was there for there was. 
1 09 1 Ed.ii. omits the. 
1093-4 did holde hir right hand 
fast Uppon his home. 
IV. B. is paged: fol. l-ll, II, 13,14 
(14 b blank): imprint as before. 

BOOK III. 

23 Ed. ii. That of the Citie Panopie 
doo lye. 
IV. B. those boundes. 
35 Ed.ii. stones for stone. 
37 Marsiz/or Mars his. 
43 did /or to. 
1 90 with following for of fol- 

lowing. 
213 fro in all three editions. 
247 IV.B. the tother. 
259 Ed.ii. Blaunche as for beautie. 



269 Ed. ii. gnarring for gnoorring. 

281 fastning for fastned. 

445 had for hath. 

461 Ed. i. Narcists, a misprint. 

481,483 Ed. ii. meete yor joyne. 

506 Ed. ii. thing for things. 

542 still for all. 

671 Ed.ii. Marsiz for Mars his. 

690 Ed. i. Countie, a misprint ; IV. B. 

honour. 
710 shet for shit. 
724 froth for wroth. 

762 Ed. i. can for gan. 
773 Ed.ii. forlode/or forelade. 
788 are for were. 
803 began for begon. 
809 omits yow (so IV. B.). 

890 IV. B., Ed. i. emnie (which 

should be restored in text) 

for enmie. 
896 Ed.ii. and heathenish for pro- 

phaned. 
IV.B.: fol. 1-5, 10, 7, 11, 9, 10, 11, 
12 (12 b blank): imprint as 
before. 

BOOK IV. 

91 Ed.ii.: 
O spytefull wall (sayd they) why doost thou 
part us lovers thus. 

96 Ed. ii. vowting for vouching. 

132 when that he the bluddie 

mantle 
209 discovering/or discovered 

256 Ed. i. daugher (second time), a 

misprint. 
259 vij. 
268 xij. 

306 Ed. ii. places steeped after body. 
335 Ed. i. Daplynis, a misprint. 
338 Ed.ii. knowne for knowe ; IV. 

B. knowe. 
346 Ed. i. Smylar, a misprint. 
360 Ed. ii. Through Lycie land he 

traveled too Carie. 
376 the for hir (spring). 

397 

Whom thou thy wyfe and bedfellow vouch- 
safest for too bee. 



317 



BOOK \X .continued. 

435 Ed. i. displayde. 

452 Ed.ii. to for in. 

492 Ed. i. burgeous, a misprint. 

497 Ed.ii. too for it. 

525 Ed. i. thee for them, a misprint 

{see Ov. M., IV., 423). 
532 IV. B. emnys. 
566 Ed. i. repeats with, by error. 
576 Ed.ii. But yit for And on. 
633 Ed. i. chach, a misprint. 
644 Both editions heares, a misprint 

(Ov. M., IV., 522, 

ferens). 
694 Ed. i. chflde, a misprint. 
751 Ed.ii. of a. 
754 Ed. i. disdiane, a misprint. 
763 Ed.ii. too this same for even to 

this. 

808 streyghtbecame/brtourn- 

ed in. 

809 A mightie for Into a. 
821 he did. 

862 omits the. 

897 waters. 

906-7 When Andromade . . . 

was nowe set free. 
912 omits full before lightly, and 

reads juice. 

BOOK V. 

68 Ed.ii. he did for did he. 

70 that he did. 
134 Labelles for Tables. 
154 it did for did it. 
176 this Clytie tooke. 

1 9 6 Ed. i. omits of after than, by error. 

230 Ed.ii. he did. 
262 DukePhyney . . . for- 

thought. 
300 ,, And for As. 
345 if that for and if. 
468 The third part now of all 

the world doth hang. 
471 how for the. 

511 fountaines Cyanee. 



5H 

543 
548 

641 

702 

723 
794 



77 
146 

171 







Ed. ii. tooke aunciently hir name 
Ed. i. eake for take, a misprint. 
Ed.ii. she did. 

no for not. 
shee dooth. 
Ed. i. and Ed. ii. is for it, a mis- 
print. 
Ed. i. inserts thereof after part, a 
misprint. 

BOOK VI. 

Ed.ii. there commesyir appeares 
Ed. i. hovering, a misprint. 
Ed.ii.: 

And least that tyme may from this curse her- 
after. 

548 Ed.ii. seene for wont. 

661-2 

Anon their journey came too end, anon they 

went a land 
In Thrace, and streight King Tercto .... 

701-2 Ed.ii. 

. . . . wordes which nippingly him stung, 

Did drawe out streight 

703 Ed. ii. He for And. 

quivered. 

it still for that it. 

this tale. 

agreeing fitly too. 

feynds for feynes. 

is for seemes. 

Assurance whither for 

Resolution, if. 



711 

712 

723 

744 

758 

853 
858 








4 
126 

249 
3i8 
405 
406 

479 
486 

500 

510 

55 

558 



BOOK VII. 

Ed.ii. the for his. 

did then. 

wandri ng. 
Ed. i. omits tryple. 
Ed.ii. in for by. 
Ed. i. To his. 
Ed.ii. this for his. 

thence for hence. 

Were bred. 
Ed. i. enterteinde. 
Ed.ii. sung. 

prowdnesse. 

hathe seene for behelde. 



318 



560 
57 
632 

719 
771 
788 

83i 
839 

8 4 8 
1001 
1060 
1 107 



68 

292 

389 
440 
467 
522 
672 
678 








43 

45 

5* 
80 

109 

H3 

280 
283 
310 
362 

452 

462 

553 
569 

579 



BOOK Vlh continued. 

Ed. ii. hathe seene for beheld. 
would. 

Did knowe him well, 
helplesse. 
I did. 
Ed. i. Astnoid, a misprint. 

the repeated, a misprint. 
Ed. ii. performing streight my 

vowes. 
Ed. i. and Ed. ii. wy. 
Ed.ii. had given. 

like of. 
Ed. i. omits the before Love. 

BOOK VIII. 

Ed. ii. EIGHTTH. 
Ed.ii. his^or this. 
looked. 
to keepe. 
(quoth hee) for is he. 
lightly for likely. 
Come yoonglings. 
And sore for But yet. 
one selfe same quight, 
omitting instant. 



Ed.i. 
Ed.ii. 



Ed.i. 
Ed.ii. 



Ed.i. 
Ed.ii. 

n 

Ed.i. 

Ed.i. 



BOOK IX. 

pawing armes, by oversight 

sprinckled. 

against the. 

you for thou. 

of meales. 

uppon a vaine hope. 

Philoctes. 

the Lyons. 

let them. 

the torments for and tor- 
ments. 

wombe for brests. 

beasts. 

exceeding. 

wake, a misprint. 

and Ed. ii. mee ; / have 
restored bee. 



585 
749 

75i 
760 
782 

784 
886 
914 
929 



6 

3 
67 



107 
119 
169 
220 
328 

345 
479 

519 

570 

645 
660 

798 
810 
830 

863 



59 

78 
81 

83 

87 

116 

117 
123 



Ed. ii. no oother. 
Ed. i. omits of. 
Ed. ii. no grace. 

following. 

issued. 
Ed. i. turnd. 
Ed.ii. the uttermost. 

And eke. 
Ed. i. modther, a misprint. 

BOOK X. 

Ed. i. stirrring, a misprint. 
Ed.ii. same howge. 
Both editions oft ; / have restored 
soft. Compare Ov. Met. 
X. 6^, supremumque 
' vale, ' quodmia vix 
auribus ille acciperet, 
dixit. 
Ed. ii. Pitchtree. 

As overshadowed, 
the tyme. 
thy leaves, 
get you. 
the fault. 
gushed. 
Ed. i. take. 
Ed.ii. too hyde. 
Ed. i. rest heere, omitting us. 
with sore, omitting the. 
thinkst for thinkest. 
aden. 
Ed. ii. Least that thyne over- 
hardinesse. 
as long for as that. 

BOOK XI. 

Ed. i. omits And before there, a 

misprint. 
Ed. ii. Trachian. 
the for he. 
fowler. 
sore for for. 
graunted. 
he is in. 
y earth. 












11 




319 



198 

211 
2I 4 

2 4 7 
328 

3 6 7 
382 
407 
416 
418 

435 
469 

473 
504 

543 
569 

605 

634 
641 

673 
684 

6 93 

710 

716 

729 
764 



835 
851 

871 



44 

54 

55 

59 

63 

94 

99 
1 12 

113 












Ed. 



BOOK W. continued. 

Ed. ii. make. 
no woordes. 
on him. 
were. 
thou doo. 
fit. 

no ende. 
what ever thing. 
Ed. i. and Ed. ii. uppo. 
Ed.ii. of zea. 
nowght. 
wandred. 
ioyes. 
they will, 
lenger. 

wyndyor wend, 
lightning, 
when. 
Ed.ii. water. 
aryved. 

like a the stringed bow 
upon a cloudy sphere. 
barbie. 
keevering. 
dreame. 
Queene of. 
sic. : the Latin is falso tibi me 
promittere noli. XL, 662. 
Query now? 
Ed.ii. too shoore. 
Ed. i. of Ceyx. 
Ed.ii. whom. 

BOOK XII. 

Ed.ii. things is practisd every 

where. 
Ed. i. are like. 
Ed.ii. rebound. 
Ed. i. and Ed. ii. confusely. 
Ed.ii. For every. 

woondring. 

nor. 

wound. 

Javeling. 



Ed. 



Ed.ii 



118 
205 
217 
320 
354 
39o 
407 
432 
501 

523 
561 

59i 

<>33 
644 

650,686, 
664 Ed. i. 
687 Ed.ii. 



34 

59 
130 
136 

*39 

142 

203 

257 
292 

37 
308 
322 
352 
392 
412 
419 

424 

455 
469 

518 

53i 

557 
603 
604 
619 

639 



Axetions, a misprint. 

myne. 

match. 

mossy ground. 

The wyne. 

enmye. 

enmy. 

the yellowe. 

The stout. 

become in the thing art. 

enmy. 

were slaine. 

death. 

bespoke. 

thintent. 

It any, a misprint. 

wyght. 

BOOK XIII. 



Ed. i. 
Ed.ii. 


Ed.i. 

Ed.ii. 




> 
Ed.i. 

Ed. ii, 

V 

Ed.i. 

Ed. ii 







the third, 
prayse. 

this one mark, 
whose same, a misprint. 
doo seeke. 
enmyes. 

With store of womans. 
enmyes. 
had for hath, 
fruther, a misprint. 
, the tent, 
makes. 

wha, a misprint. 
. from, 
was got. 
hence amid hir. 
upbray. 
enmyes. 
one clayme. 
thintent. 

as when that Agamemnon be 
thintent. 
rage yit still, 
enmy. 
enmyes. 
the wasshing. 



320 







BOOK XIII. continued. 


797 





and for with. 






657 


Ed. ii. enmye. 


980 


Ed.i 


. ayre p did vher [i.e. 


ayre 




659 


Ed. i. see for shee, a misprint 






did up her] 






660 


hard, a misprint. 












679 


Ed. ii. Troyane. 






BOOK XV. 






686 


Troyans. 


57 


Ed.i 


i. Nereth. 






719 


streames. 


58 


>> 


Emesus. 






820 


leavefull. 


179 


M 


Troyane. 






860 


Pachinnus full. 


181 


> 


A late. 






1037 


Ed. i. is was, a misprint. 


219 


5 


lesser for better. 






1073 


Ed. ii. Not leaning. 


221 





thy yeare. 








Ed. i. creere/orcleere, a misprint 


228 


>J 


wexing. 






1089 


Ed.ii. lay. 


259 
306 


n 


had. 

a channell. 








BOOK XIV. 


323 
433 


>> 


Then, 
name is. 






6 


Ed. i. An for And, a misprint. 


440 


>> 


Cynnamon. 






170 


Ed. ii. yee. 


[508 


Read sowles.] 






174 


will make. 


702 


Ed.i 


l. heerefore. 






266 


Ed. i. the. 


[721 


Read Ambassadours.] 






316 


Ed. ii. portion. 


729 


Ed. ii. they did of. 






321 


and when for and that. 


74i 


> 


were for well. 






33 2 


Ed. i. and Ed. ii. Furilochus, a 


770 





boughes. 








misprint. 


795 


> 


vynds. 






333 


Ed. ii. take. 


818 


>> 


welcomb 






506 


treason. 


836 


> 


peercelesse. 






5*3 


inserts shyre after 


892 


> 


hir for theyr. 








Tyrrhene. 


916 


>> 


quyght bee. 






786 


streyght will. 


952 





glistred. 





2 T 



321 



HERE ENDS OVID'S METAMORPHOSES, PRINTED BY 

ALEXANDER MORING, LIMITED, AT 298 

REGENT STREET, IN THE COUNTY 

OF LONDON, IN THE MONTHS OF 

JUNE TO DECEMBER MDCCCCIII 

AND JANUARY TO APRIL 

M DCCCCI V., 






\h\- $(*& 



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